Herman Moll.

A system of geography; or, A new & accurate description of the earth in all its empires, kingdoms and states. Illustrated with history and topography, and maps of every country .. online

. (page 79 of 176)
Online LibraryHerman MollA system of geography; or, A new & accurate description of the earth in all its empires, kingdoms and states. Illustrated with history and topography, and maps of every country .. → online text (page 79 of 176)
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eftabliih that Religion, in oppolition to that of the Kiimolo, or Argentara, Cimotus, is defcribed in

Greeks. Here, as zx Venice, thofe that come from oar Account ofTurk_ey'in Europe whither we muft

the Lpi"rwf are not fufFered to go aflioar till they have refer the Reader for a full Account of i\\c Morea,

perform'd their Quarantain. with all the remarkable Places and Things in and

Millo is fully defcrib'd in the Account of T«)/;.9 in about it.



CHAP. X,

The Republick o/" Lucca : Lucenjis Ditio.



THIS little State lies on the Coaft of the
Mediterranean Sea , between the Genouefe
on the Weft, Modena on the North, and
the Dominions of the Great Duke of Tufcany on the
Eaft; is reckon'd to be about 30 Miles long, and 24
broad. It is a Fief of the Empire, and under its
Protedion. Its Government is purely Ariftocratical,
the Sovereignty being lodg'd in the Hands of 240
Nobles, who are divided into two Bodies ; which
fucceed one another every fix Months, with the
Gonfalonnier, or Standard-bearer, at their Head.
This Gonfalonnier, is their Chief Magiftrate, and is
affifted by nine Counfellors, call'd An^iani ; but
he enjoys the Supream Dignity but two Months ,
during which time he has the Title of a Prince, and
fo ftyl'd his Excellency ; but all the Advantage he
gets by it, is to have his Table maintain'd at the
Pubiick Charge : And after an Interval of fix Years
he IS capable of being chofen again. The Pubiick
Revenues are faid to be about 1 00000 Crowns.
How far this may go towards maintaining an Army,
or fupporting the Dignity of a free State ; I will
not determine : Some fay they can raife, upon occa-
fion, 1 5000 Foot, and 3000 Horfe, and others fcrew
" up to 3C000 in all ; but that is to be underftood,
1 tuppofe, in Cafes of great Danger and NecelTity,
whw they put all in Arms that are able to carry

h^nl'^X''^ l"""' ''""'' f^f^'ch is faid to have
lZ^T ^^ f\'^"fi''^'. and owes its Name to

a feSe Pu" °^ l^''' ^'"^'^ ^^^^^^ '" ^^e midft of
a tercile PUm about 1 5 or 20 Miles long, and is



furrounded with very rich and well-inhabited Hil-
locks, near the River ^frcWo, about 13 Miles from
the Shoarof the Tufcan Sea to the Eaft, 10 from Pi-
fa to the North, 45 from Florence to the Weft, 60
from Siena, and 30 from Luna. It gives Name to
the adjacent Country call'd il Luchefe , and is an
Epifcopal See under the Archbifhop of Pi fa ; from
whole JurifdidVion it is now exempted. This City
is not very large , fince one may walk round the
Ramparts in an Hour. The Fortifications are pret-
ty regular and well lin'd, but their Foundations are
almolt level with the Plain. The Things moft re-
markable in this Place, are, the Palace of the Re-
publick, where the Gonfalonnier Lodges with his
nine Counfellors : The Arfenal, where there is a
conliderable quantity of Arms for fo fmall a State,
and kept in very good Order. The Cathedral,
Dedicated to Saint Martin, in which is the Chapel
of the Volto Santo, where the famous Crucifix is kepr,
that the Angels finiHi'd after Nicodemiis had for a
long time in vain endeavoured to do it. The Church
of St. Fredian, in which there is a Tomb-ftone, with
this Infcription, Hie jacet Corpus Saudi I{iccardi %-
gis A>7gli.v. Here lies the Body of St. Richard IQing
0/ England ; but it is hard to tell who this Roy.il
Saint fhould be, fince it is very well known that
all the Kings of England of that Name died and
were Buried elfcwhere. This is ftill a populous
City ; but feveral Noble Families, as, the Calen-
drini, Burlaniachi, Turretini, Micheli, Mirsfioli and
Diodati, and feveral others remov'd from this Place
to Geneva, about the Time of the Reformation.



CHAP.



, Tufcany.



ITA Lf.



28*



CHAR XIV.



Tke Dominions of the Great Duke of Tufcany.



IT is certain, that the Boundsof the Ancient Hetrtt-
ria, were much larger than thofe of the Modern
Tufcany, this being but a part of that Hetruria or
Etruria, was Bounded on the North and Eaft, with
the Apeninc Mountains , and the River Tyber on the
Weft, and South with the Tyrrcnian (now Tufcan) Sea,
from the River Magra, to the Mouth of the Tyler j
but the Modern Tufcany, which the Italians call Tof.
carta, comprehending the greater part of the Ancient
Hetruria, is Bounded ( according to Baudrand) with
the Apfennijies on the North, on the Weft and South
with the River Magra, and the Tufcan Sea, on the Eaft
with the Rivers Tyber and Agno : and comprehends the
Territories of Florence, call'd il Fiorentino, thofe of Si-
ena, call'd // Senefe,oi Pz/j, call'd ilpifano, and il Luca,
call'd Luchefe, ('nowafrec and feparate Starejwith feve-
ral other Countries and Places belonging to the Duke of
Modena, the State of Genoua, and the King of Spain.
The Dominions of the great Duke of Tufcany, are
Bounded on the North and Eaft with the Eccle-
fiaftical State, on the South with the Tufcan Sea, on
the Weft with the Territories of Lucca, and Modena.
It is a Pleafant and Fruitful Country, producing a-
bundanceof Olives, Citrons, Oranges, Safron, Flax,
and Wooll, and in feveral Places there are Mineral
Waters, which efFedually cure many dangerous Di-
ftempers. The Manufadures alfo of Serges, Wooll-
en-Cloth, Silks, Tapeftries, Gilded-Leather, Earth-
en Veflels and Perfumes , contribute much to its
Riches.

That the Reader may the more diftintSly conceive
the Conftitution and Government of this Dukedom,
it will not be amifs to refrefh his Memory with fome
hints of its Rife and encreafe ; beginning from the
very original of the City of Florence , and tracing it
down to the prefenttime. The City of Florence, (as
Machiavel relates) was begun by the Merchants of
Fiefolc, ( Fefula ) and Augmented by Colonies fent
thither from H^me ; for thofe Merchants finding
it convenient for People to come to them, either to
Buy from them, or Sell to them, by reafon their Town
ftood on the Top of a Hill, appointed a place for
them in the Plain, betwixt the Foot of the Moun-
tains, and the River Arnus, fo that what was at firft
but Store houfes for keeping Commodities, became
afterwards a Town, and a place of Habitation. Af-
ter the Civil Wars in I{pme, firft betwixt Marius and
Silla, then betwixt Cafar and Fompey j afterwards
betwixt the Murderers ofC.efar, and the Revengers
of his Death ; by Silla firft, and then by dcfnr Au-
guftiis , M. Antonius, and M. Lepidus, who Reven-
ged the Affafinatioi , and divided the Empire, Colo-
nies were fent to Fiefoli; all or moft of whom fettled
in the aforefaid Plain, where the Town was already
begun ; which did fo mightily enlarge its Bounds,
and encreafe the number of its Inhabitants, that it
juftly might claim a place among the Cities of Itirly.
It wasat firft called Arnina, afterwards Florcntia ; but
whatever might be the Original of that Name, whe-
ther from one Flcrinus the Chief Man of the Colony,
or the Flouriftiing State of this Infant City, this is
certain, that it was Founded under the Emperors of
I{ome, being mentioned in the Hiftory of the firft Em-



perors : That when the Barbarians made Inroads
into, and Ravag'd the Empire, TotiU , King of the
Ojlrigoths, Demol,ni"d Florence. That 250 yearJ af-
ter it was Rebuilt by Charles the Great, from whofe
time till the year I i i 5, it followed the Fortune ofthe
reft of Italy, and was fubjcdl to thofe- that command-
ed; firlt to the Succeflors of Charles, afterwards to
the Berengarii, and lalt of all to the Emperors of
Germany. In thofe days it was not in the Florentines
power to extend the Bounds of their Dominions, by
reafon they were fubjcdl to a Foreign Power, 'un-
lefs in the time of an Inter-regnum, between the
Death of one Emperor, and the Creation of another,
when all the Cities were free j as in the year loio.
when they took Fiefoli , when the Inhabitants were
employed about celebrating their Feftival of St. R^
mulus. But afterwards the Popes affuming more
Power, and the Emperors lofing what they formerly
had, the Cities began to difregard their Princes, and
Italy feem'd divided be:wixt the Emperors and the
Popes. The Florentines in the mean time fubmitting
themfelves to the Conquerors, kept thcmfelves quiet
and intire, till the year 121 v After which, they fell
into Divifions, and Civil Commotions were never
long fatisfied with any form of Government, but al-
ways contriving new Models ; which bred infinite
Confufion in the State, ( a thing unavoidable in a
Society, where Reftlefs and Turbulent Spirits are
fufi^er'd to Live) and Animofities among the People.
Sometimes the Nobles fell out among themfelves,
fometimes thefe with the Citizens, and fometimcs
the Richeft with the Inferior fort. In all which un-
reafonable Jars, no fooner was any Facflion uppermoft,
than it fplit and divided again; and the true and na-
tural effeift of all this was, Murder, Banilhment, and
Difperfion of Families, where oftentimes the Wifeft
and beft deferving had the hardeft Fate, whilft thofe
of no worth enjoyed what was only due to true
Merit ; which often happens where Pa.Tion prevails
over Reafon , or the unthinking Multitude meddles
in the Affairs of State. Notwithftanding all thofe Di-
vifions, and the innumerable Changes in their Form
of Government, the State of Florence prefcrv'd it felf,
but was certainly depriv'd of vaft Advantages it
might have reap'd, had it been Managed by Wife
and conftant Politicks. Had the Florentines been fo
happy, after they lliook off the Emperors Yoke, to
afTume fuch a form of Government, as would have
preferved themfelves in Unity ; it is highly prob-ible,
that in procefs of time they might have vey'd in Rich-
es and Power, with almoft any State, ancient or
Modern : as we may fee in this one Inftanco. For
after they had expell'd the Ghibclins, who were fo nu-
merous as to fill all Tufcany and Lombard-, the Guelfs
and fuch as ftaid behind, in the expedition againft
Are^o, were able to draw out of their own Citi-
zens laooo Foot, and 1 1 CO Horfe. And in the War
againft Fhilippo Vifconti, Duke of MUtr., being to try
their Fortune rather with their Purlcs than thaif
Swords, in the fpace of 5 years that the War lafted,
the Florentines expended 5 Millions, and ? hundred
thoufand Florins ; and after all that, when the War
was at an end, they Marcli'd out with an Army, and
O o ' Belieg d



l82



ir A IT.



Befiec'd Lucci. Thus the Florentines corn inu d in a
Se State till about the year .41°- that ?»/.« </^ M.-
!/ -W^^hofe Porteriiv are now Dukes oiFlocncc)
£camet Rich? and 'acquir-d fuch Rep-e among
them bv defend ng the People againlt the Nobles,
ralmoft rhe"so.^re,.n.y of f Cuy was put .nto
his Handv His Son Como Reform d the State ,
a'nd eda^p-d ::s Dominions by the add.non o C.
fentino, and fcveral other Places. He D ed m the
vear 1464. and left the Management ol Publick At-
£ to hfs Son Peter; who tranfmitted it to his Sons
Taren-oLTjulian-Jh^K the People growing jealous
oY th^Ar L^my. a^d fearing le.t the Sovereignity
ft«uld become Hereditary to ^h'sFamily put the Ad"
miniftrationoftheGovernmentintothehandsofthaot

the Sodoren!, whom they Entrufted with 1 knowing
how fickle the Multitude was, devol\-ed all upon the
fyoung Gentlemen : ngainft whom the P.«. confpi-
ring kiird Julian, but Lorenzo Efcnpdi and afterwards
went to Nnples, where he enter d >nto^ P"P«"^
League with King Frederick.. After his Death his
Son Peter fell in Difgrace with the Fhrenttnes, and
was Bafiirti'd with his whole Family, but was Re-
ftor'd by his Kinfman Pope Leo the loth. After
whofe Death they were again Bamlh'd 5 but Pope
Clement 7. Son to the aforefaid Jh/z^m, prevail d with
CW/«the 5th to Befiegethe City, whichyielded af-
ter two years Refiftance. The Emperor then gave ic
ro Alexander de Medicis, Peter's Grandchild, by his
Son Loren:(o, Artn. 1531. but he was Murder'd by
his Coufin Loren:{o de Medicis, who fled to Venice.
After which the Family of Medicis fcnt to the Coun-
try for Cofmo, (who was then but 18 years old ; to
be their Prince , being next Heir to the Family, ac-
cording to the entail made by the Emperor Charles.
He was Crown 'd with the Title of Great Duke of
Tufcany, in the Court of Rome, by Pope Pius the 5 th,
Ann. 1 570. By this the Reader may fee how this
State began, andadvanc'd, and what the nature of its
Government was, and how much different from what
it is at prefent. The Duke of Tufcayiy is a Rich
and Powerful Prince : his ordinary Revenue ( as is
generally reported) is about 1 500000 Crowns, and
fome raife it to 2000000. and he is faid to have in
his Treafury zooooooo pieces of Gold, befides Jew-
els and other things of great Value. Which if it is
fo , 'tis no hard matter for him to Raife 40000 Foot,
and 3000 Horfe, and to put to Sea iz Galliesupon oc-
ca/Ion, 2 Galleafles, and 20 Ships ofWar.

We have already told what the Bounds of the an-
cient Hetruria was, and how different that was from
the Modern Tufcany, whofc Bounds are of a much
narrower compafs, and alfo what (hare of Tufcany, in
a larger Senfe, belongs to the great Duke j whofe
Dominions are commonly divided into 3 parts, as
you may fee in the following Table.

TV SCANT Divided into 3 Parts.
1.
^ Florence. „ ^ Borgo S. Sepulchro.
'Pifloia. 7KEmpoli.
fPrata. (- '{■^^^KK"'
rence. JCortona. \(Fiefoli,
Scarf aria. ~
11.
The Territo-fP;/^. \^ Volt era.
ries oi Pifa.XLeghorn.fXc,

III.

Siena. •

)Pien:{a. (

^Mont'Altino. (
, Piombino,



Tufcany.



The Ter-
ritories
of Flo-



.Camfiglia.




~ Monte Pulciano.
) Chiufi.
)MaJJ'a.
'Grajfetto,



i^or't-Hercole. l^^^ongmg to ihc Sj>aniards. \

F LO I^ENC E, which the Italians call Fio-\
ren^a, Florentia, (oi whofe original and encrcafe we '•
have fpoke already, in our account of that State, |
whereof it is the Metropolis ) ftands upon the River.
Arm, in a delightful Plain, Surrounded with very
fcrtil Hillocks, on all fides, except that which looks
to Piftoia ; which rife infenfibly, and unite themfelveS;
to the Mountains. The vaft number of Houfes
which cover both the Hills and the Interjacent Plain,:
make a molt Ravifhing Profpedt, from any Eminence,
or Tower within the City. It is faid by fome Travel-
lers, to be 7 Miles in compafs, by others but 6. Accord-
ing to one of our lateft Travellers, it is faid to contain
within its Walls 8800 Houfes, 60000 Souls, ( tho'
others fcrew up their number to 70000 } 22 Hofpi-
tals, 89 Convents, 84 Fraternities, 152 Churches,'
18 Halls or Galleries, belonging to Merchants, 7*;
Courts of Juftice, 6 Columns, 2 Pyramids, 4 Bridg-
es, 7 Fountains, 17 Palaces or Couns,and 160 publick
Statues. The Streets are all Pav'd with large pieces
of gray Stones, call'd by the Inhabitants Piena forte,
brought from the Neighbouring CJuarries: and the
Palaces of Florence are reckon'd the handfomeftStru-'
(ftures in Italy. The moft remarkable things in this
City are , the Celebrated Palace Pitti , where the
great Duke Lodges, at the great Gate of which is a
large Load-ftone, faid to weigh about 5000 Pound.
In this Palace there are feveral Galleries , and other
Rooms full of all manner of Rarities, both Ancient
and Modern ; the moft precious and valuable of which
are kept in the Odlogonal Room, call'd theTribune,
Built by Buontalenti, which is 24 Foot in Diameter,
and is cover'd with an Arch'd Dome. The Floor is
Pav'd with feveral forts of Marble, Artificially laid
together, the Walls are Hung with common Velver,
Beautified with an infinite number of rare Ornaments, i
the Windows are of Cryftal, and the infide of the
Dome is overlaid with Mother of Pearl. No- I
thing is admitted into this Place, but what is of great
Value, and exquifite Beauty, the Chief of which is
that lovely and famous Diamond, which Weighs 139 |
Carrats and a half. There is alio an Antique Head I
of Julius Ccefar of one intire Torquoiie , as big as an '
Egg, a Cupboard full of Veffels of Agar, Laps La-
3;uli, &c. A large Table and Cabinet, wholly made
up of Oriental Jafper, Chalcedony, Rubies, Topa-
zes, and other precious Stones, admirably well
Wrought : A Colleftion of rare Medals, and a pro-
digious number of Antique Pieces of Carv'd andEn-
grav'd Work Seledl Piaures and Statues. The Ca-
thedral is a very large and ftately Building, tho' fe-
veral parts of ic are of Gochick Archicedure. It is
all Cover'd over on the ourfide, and Pav'd with-
in with Polilh'd Marble, of feveral Colours. It
is 490 Feet long, and 380 high , to the Top
of the Crofs on the Globe , and contains many
pieces of fine Painting and Statues. S. Laurence's
Church is very Large and Rich, and the famous
Chappel, if Finifh'd, is the fineft Edifice of that na-
ture in the World. The Library of St. Laurence is
particularly Famous for its Manufcripts ; among
which there is one of Virgil's Works, of the Age of
Theodojius, and a large Greek one, containing the
Chirurgery of Hipocrates , Galen Afclepiades, and
other Ancients. The Arfenal and Citcadel o( St.
John Baptift, is a Strong Place, and in very good
order ; but the 2 Forts of Belvedrc and St. Miniato,
are in a manner wholly ncgledled. This City as



Tufcany.



wefaid before was begun by the Mercliants of f/V/^
cli, ( then Fefula ) enlarged by the Colonics lent
thither by Auguftus, M. Antonius, and LafiJus, Sackt
by Totila, Rebuilt by Charles the Great, and again
almoft quite reduced to Alhes , ( whether by Acci-
dent or done on purpofe by a certain Nobleman is
uncertain^ in the Month oi July iio<\. made an
Archbiflioprick by Pope Martin the 5'h i^io.
and honour'd with a general Council, under Pope
Etigenius ihe. 4th, Ann. 1439. m wh.ch Johannes Pn-
leologus. Emperor of Conjianti/wjile was prefent. It
ftands about 50 Miles from Bononta to the. South, 60
from Modena to the South Eaft, 90 from Parma, 104
from Mantua to the South Eaft, 1 26 from Venice 10
the South, and 1 00 from I{ome to the North- Weft.

Pz/?o/</, which Pliny cMsPiflorium, Antoninus, ad Pi-
flores, ftands in a Plain, on the Banks of the Rivulet
Stella, in the midft between Lucca and Florence, a-
bouc 30 Miles from each, 12 from the Borders of the
Ecclefiaftical State, and the Bolognefe. It is at prefent
( as Mr. MiJJon Relates ) a very Poor and Defolate
City, quite deftitute of Trade, and fublifting meer-
ly by the Fruitfulnefs of the Neighbouring Country.
Ir is bigger then Lucca, and its Streets are large and
ftreight, and the Remainders of its Ancient Beauty,
are fuiHcient to convince one that it was formerly a
fine City. Bmio tells tis that Dejidcrius King of the Lom-
bards Buiita Wal! round it ^ and that the Florentines
threw it down. It is an Epifcopal See under theArchbi-
ihop of Florence : and the People aregrcat Adorers of S.
James, to whom they fay they are mightily beholden,
and therefore preferve a great number of his Relicks.
Prato, Pratum, is a little Town in the midft be-
tween Florence to the Eaft, and Pijioia to the Weft,
and is the Seat of a Biftiop, Suffragan to the Archbi-
Ihop of Florence. Buno calls it one of the four ftron-
geft Fortrefles in Italy , and Built by Fredericl^ the
2d. and fays that here the Girdle of the Bleffed
Virgin is carefully preferved.

Cortona. Cortona, the name of a Colony, and one
of the moft Ancient Cities in Hetruria, according to
Livy and Ptolomy, and call'd Cortynium, according
to Polyhius. Buno tells us, that it is a very Ancient
Town, having been Built long before the Trojan War :
and that the Pelnfgi took it from the Vmbri, under
the Condud of their Leader Tarco, and made ufe of
it as a Bridle upon the Vmbri ; and that Herodotus
fays, that in his days theCrotoniansfpoke the Pelafgi-
an Language. It ftands near the Confines of the Ec-
clefiaftical State and Ombriit, 4 Miles from the Lake
oiPervgiato theN. 45 S.E. from F/o/CKce, and 8 from
the Lakeof C/;/<?»rt,and :j5fi-omS/f>MrttotheEaft:and
was made a Bilhoprick by Pope John XXII. under the
Archbilhop of F/o)THc?, in the year 1325. but it de-
pends now immediately on the See of F{ome.^

Bu'go-San-Sepulchro. Burgum S. Scpulchri , is a
little Town in the Ombria, on the Confines of T«/c4-
ny, near the River Tyber, about 50 Miles from Flo-
rence to the Eaft, and 8 from Citta di Caftello to the
North. It is the Seat of a Bilhop, Suffragan to the
ArchbiOiop of Florence : and formerly belong'd to the
Ecccleliattical State, before Pope EugeniuslV. Pawn'd
it to the Duke of Florence. It was made a Bilhoprick
by Leo X. Ann. 151 5.

Emfoii. Emporium, is a neat little Town, upon
the River Arm, 20 Miles from Florence to the Weft,
and 30 from Pift. . ■ n

Are:{:{o. Arctium, according to Pliny, and by Pto-
lomy call'd Arretlum , ftands in a Valley , about 3
Miles from the Fenns ofChiana; which empty them-
felves into the drno a little below, 28 from Sient to



IT A IT. 383

the Eaft , 30 from Perugia to the Nortli-Wcft, 40
from Florence, and i C from Citta di Cajlelh to the



Weft. It is faid to have been JBuilt by Aran, tbc
Son of Janus, and was one of the (irft 1 2 Tufcan
Colonics. It is an Epifcopal Sec under the Arthbi-
fliop oi Florence, but exempted from his Jurifdidlion;
and S. Donatus was Bilhop, and SuiFcr'd M.artyrdt>m
here. The Vcirels that were made in this Place,
were in great efteem wi:h the Ancients, as Martial
in his 14 Book of Epigrams makes n.enticn : and
Guido the famous Mulician, who invented the Mufi-
cal Notes, ut, re, ml, fa, fo!, la, was Born here.

Fieofoli, which f///y calls Fcfule, Ptolomy Fe/ul£,znd
Stilus Fejula, was Anciently a Town of Nore, being a
Place of Commerce and Tradc.to which FUrcnce ow'd
its beginning as we have faid before in the defcription
of that City. It was deftroy'd by the Go;hs, aftcr-
tcrwards taken by Strat.igem by the Florentines, Ann.
loio. who fent all the Inhabiants to Flo:cncc: and
now lies in its Rubbifli, norhing remaining except
the Cathedral Church, a Mcnaliry and fome few
dwelling Houfes. It has however the Title of a Bi-
lhoprick under the Archb\(hop of Florence ; from which
City it is about 2 Miles diltant to the Nor-.h.Wcft.

PISA. Pifa or Plfx; ( Anciently H:/.w/s Julia
Pifina) faid to have been Built by the Pifani, a People
of Pelcponcfus, according to Strabo, ftands in an even
and level Plain , on the River Amo, 6 Miles from
the Mouth of it into the Tufcan Sea, 54 from Flo-
rence to the Weft, 10 from Lucca, 14 from Leg-
horn, and 5 5 from Siena to the North- Weft. It is a
great City, being the fecond of Tufcany, and the Streets
are large, Straightand Pav'd with great Stones, and the
Houfes generally well Built ; but at prefent it is very
Poor and Ill-inhabited ; which feems partly to be ow-
ing to the Miferies it fufter'd during the laft War with
the Florentines, partly to its to irs Situation in the
Neighboushoodof Lef/jor«, to which many Inhabitants
haveremov'd. It was once a Free State,and while it was
fo, gave fe veral Proofs of its Power ; for it took Sardinia
from the Saracens, madeitfelf Mafterof the B.i/i?.i»-fx,
fubdued Carthage^znd. prov'd very ufeful to the Eaftern
Chriftians. But it was taken by the Florentines ; and
tho" Charles VIII. King of France, Reftor'd it to irs
former Freedom ; yet it fell again into the hands of
the Florentines, where it ftill remains. It was made
an Archbifhoprick, by Vo^s Vrban II. Ann. IC92.
Adorn'd with an Univerfity, Ann. 1349. There was
a Council held in it in the year 1400. where Alex-
anderY. was created Pope. Pope Gregory VIIL Died
there, in the year 11S7. and the Knights of the
Pope and Martyr S. Stephen, ( whom the great Duke
Co/mo I. Inftituted, on Augufl 6. 1 561. after he had
won the Battle of Marci.mo ) have their Refidence
here. The moft remarkable Things in Pif:, arc,
the Cathedral Church, which was Finilh'd -'?««. 1 1 53-
The Baptiftery, which is 180 Foot round, and in
which there was formerly a Pillar, on which were dif-
cover'd all the private Machinations againit the Suk,
as in a Mirrour. The leaning Tower in ftapc ot a
Cylinder, Bulk by one Bv:amws, 18S Foot high.
The Burial-place call'd Campo S-wP-o, bccaule the
Earth of the P!j:ins brought from the Holy^Land.
(when they affifted Fredrrick I- caU'd B.rrb.troji.:, who
took Jerufalcm ) in the year .22S. is a kind ot
Cloyfter, 190 Paces Long, and 66 Broad com-
prehending the breadth of the Porticos : under one
of which there is an Infcription, which is .-» Decreeot
the City of Pif-t. occalion'd by the Death ot Csjar, or-
daining thcPcople to wear mourning a wholeywr.and
in the mean time to abftain from all P;ibhck Diver-
tifements. O o 2 Leghorn,



ir ALT.



284

U.h„n, which P./>i/«^ calls L/i«.««/, ^«";'
Libufni Ponus, Cicero Labro^nAo,htv, Ugurnus,



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