Herman Moll.

A system of geography; or, A new & accurate description of the earth in all its empires, kingdoms and states. Illustrated with history and topography, and maps of every country .. online

. (page 91 of 176)
Online LibraryHerman MollA system of geography; or, A new & accurate description of the earth in all its empires, kingdoms and states. Illustrated with history and topography, and maps of every country .. → online text (page 91 of 176)
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condition ; but Seated in a pleafant Valley, at the foot
of the Mountains, upon the Kwev Scguera, ii Miles
from the Town oiMurcia tothe Eaft; i 5 trom the Gulf
oiAlicanti ; and 72 from r^/ewf/^ to the South. It is
fometimes by later Authors call'd Orida , and is an
Epifcopal See, under the Archbilhop of Valencia.

Xativrt, Setabis, mentioned by Pliny and_ Ptolorny ,
a Town 'in Hiffania Tarraconenfis , and lometimes
caird Augufla Valeria, ftands on a little Hill near a
Rivulet of the fame name, about 27 M''" fof" f"*
lencia to the South ; and iS from the Gult of Valen-
cia to the Weft. It is an ancient Town, and was long
300 made an Epifcopal See, under the Archbifhop of
Toledo, but is now very inconfiderable, and almoft

^ISTante, Alone, or Alon.c, mention'd by M./.r and
Ptolomy, in H.//"'"''' Tarrconenfs, ftands on a Gidt
Tf the fame name, in the Mediterranean Sea, about
fo Miles from M«rcM, to the North-Eaft 5 5-^ttona

tSr^f^'s^o^^^^^^^ by P/..//-> II. whu^
tcndea oy 6 Commerce and Trade.

"lt„N:,£i„l.V, «p.cia,.y.o,gcod W.„e
and Fruits.

NeivCa/Nle, Caftella Nova.

ThkCnuntrv was anciently Inhabited by tie Car-
ThlsCoiintry ^''=' _ , ^f Hifp.-.nia Tjrraccnen-
r"'r' £uS'o;JeNorth^^v,ith the OldC.-
f,s and IS Bo""je^^ , ,„j ,,;,i.„cia ; on the
file ; on the Eal ^'tf^ .5 ^ ^^j, ^^


Province ot ^^t^'""'^" .- ^ ,/j/,>, and is commonly


Pleafant Country. It is divided «ito 3 Parts, ^;^.
L^Lrria, which liesmoft Northerly L. M.nca
Li Southerly, and La Sierra M makes he
Eaft Pare of it : And the moft confiderable Cities and
Towns in it are,


( Si^uen:(a,
) Alcala.
] Calatrava.

Cividad I^eal.
Cuenca. -" ^'

MADRID, Mad,intm, ftands in the firft divifi-
on of this Country, call'd Algnrvia o^ ^^^/^ ,6
ver MmKanarcs, about 15 Miles from^/c^/.^, 36
from Tokdo to the North, and 1 20 from B«'S«^/°;he
South. I at. 4° ^5- long. .3- 45- I^ '^ ^^"^ °
have rife from the Ruins of M-tw?^ Carfctanorum, now
called Villa Mantua, about 2 Miles from it, and
is at prefent a flourilhing City. It ftands on a
little heiuHt, upon an uneven Foundation, and Has
been look'd on as the Capital City of Sfain , ever
fmce Philip H- and his Succeffors made it their ordi-
nary Rcfidcnce. The Air about it is very wholfom,
infomuchthat the Emperor Charles V. is faid to have
been curd of an Ague by it. Some Spaniards have
reprefented k as a City as big as Pans , but
this is what no body, Specially a Frenchman will
allow ; For Madrid, including all the Gardens and
Suburbs, is faid not to be above 1 5600. common
Paces in the Compafs j whereas the Circuit of Pans,
together wirh its Suburbs, is faid (by Frenchmen) to
to be about 26850. And altho' the forelaid little
River, that runs by itbealmoft dry in Summer j yet
philif II. thought fit to Build a Bridge over it, at fo
great Charge, that fome were pleas'd to fay, that H/^
Catholic^ Majefty would be obliged to Sell the Bridge
to Buy iVaterfor the I{iver. The Streets of this City
are for the moft part ill laid, and very dirty, becaufe
they throw out all their Naftinefs into 'em. The
Houfes generally, are but indifferently Built, and the
firft Floor belongs to the King, unlefs the Proprietor
Buys it of him, which many can't afford todo: And
if one happens now and then to meet with a fine
Houfe, he may certainly conclude, that it has been
Built by fome Viceroy or Governor, after he has
return'd from his gainful Poft. The Place Major, is
the fineft in all the City, being environ'd with the
ftatelieft Houfes in it, 6 or 7 Stories high, but with-
out Cimetry or Order, and loaded with Balconies,
from whence they may fee the Bull Baiting, on cer-
tain Feftival Days. "The Royal Palace isvery Spaci-
ous, but its Magnificence is not proportionable to the
Grandeur of the King of Spain ; and one may venture
to fay, that there are Subjeds in Madrid, that have
more convenient Lodgings, and better Furnifh'd than
His Catholick Majefty has. The Cathedral Church
is a Magnificent Building : And the Altar of the Blef-
fed Virgins Chappel , and the Rails are of Maffy
Silver ; and there is to be feen a Statue of the Vir-
gin, which St. Ja>?2es(asthey fay) brought from the
Holy Land.

Befides the Royal Palace in Madrid, the King has
two other that ought not to be quite omitted, vi:(.
Aranjue:{ and the Efcurial ; the former of which has
one of the moft delightful Situations in all Cafti'e.
between the Rivers T.y'o and Xarama, which meet
below it. Within the Apartments there is hardly
any thing that's very fine, except fome pieces of Paint-
ing ; but all the Beauty and Greatnefs is within the
Gardens and Park, where there are feveral long and
very fine Walks, a great number of rare Brafs Statues
and Jetdeau's.

The Efcurinl, Scoriale or Efcurial, is the name of
a Village on the Confines ot Old Caflile, about 20
Miles tiom Madrid, near to which King Philif II.
Built a noble Monaftry, for the Order of St. Jerom,
with a ftately Church, in honour of St. Lawrence,
on whofe day his Genera's obtain'd a Signal Vi-
ctory .at St. Quintin, over the French, in ihe year
1557. It Was begun the 23d Apil, 1563. and the
Work continu'd and carry 'd on till ygsr i 584. It is
of a fquare figure, each fide being 250 Paces j which
makes the Circuit of it loco. and has all the Splen-
dour, Richnefs and Ornameni that was rcquird to
make it Great and Magnificent. P/j////i IV. augment-
ed the Church by adding to it a Chappel, for a Bu-
ryingplace for the Kings and Qaeensoi Spain ; which
is call'd the Pantheoti, becaule it is Built after the
manner of that of /^awf. It is 35 Feet Diameter,
and all covcr'd over with Black Marble. But it is
to beobfcrv'd, that not all the Kings and Queens of
Spain are honour'd with this Burial place, but only
luch of them as give a Succcffor to the Crown j and
therefore the late Queen is laid in another Vault a-
part : And if this Rule is obferv'd, 'tis very like his
prefent Majefty King Charles II. will be fent to keep
her Company.

Toledo, Tn'etum, anciently (according to Ptolomy)
the Capital City of the Carpetani, in Hifpania Tar-
raconenfis, ftands almoft in the middle oJ Spain, for
the moft partupon an afcent; and is diftant 48 Miles
from Madrid to the South i 190 from Burgos, 168
from Cordoba, 200 from Valencia to the Weft j and
about 300 from Lifbon. Three Parts in four (fays
Mariatia) are encompafs'd by the River T-?^«.f j which
coup'd up betwixt high Banks, runs in very narrow
Channels among the Rocks. The other part which
is on a high and fteep Afcent, was enclos'd with the
ancient Roman Wall, not fo large as that of IVatn-
ba, the Ruins of it are ftill (fays he) to be feen in the
Market-place of ^ocodover , and at the Gate del Hi-
erro. It was (as we have faid) at firft the Capital
City of the Carpetani, and afterwards the Refidence
of the Gothilh Kings, and a large Metropolis, when
S. Eugenius the Martyr, firft enlightned it with the
Chriftian Faith ; but it was taken by the Saracens,
in the year 705. and became the Seat of the Moor-
ifh Kings, till the year 1085. that AlonfoKing oiCa-
Jlile, drove them out and recover'd it. Altho' Ma-
drid pretends to be the Capital City, by reafon of the
Kings Refiding there ; yet in the AlTembly of the
Eftates, Toledo afTums the firft Rank, while Madrid
takes place only as a Burrough. It is a large City,
divided into 3 Parts, call'd Barrio's and contains 38
Monafteries, for both Sexes ; but it is in a decay-
ing condition, and is faid now not to contain above
8000 Inhabitants. Its Diocefs is very large, com-
prehending 800 parochial Churches ; and the Arch-
bifhop affumes the Title of Primate of Spain : And
his yearly Revenue amounts to 300000 Ducats.
This City is famous for the great numberof Cou.ncils
that were held in it, which were above 20. On the
North fide of the City, without the Walls, are to be
feen fome Vefiigia, of an ancient Theatre : And here'
is alfo to be feen the remains of a Machine, which
the Moors made long ago, for raifing the Water of
the Tajo to a height, from whence i: was convey 'd
into the fevemi parts of the City ; but through the
negligence of the Spaniards it is quite Rnind. The
Cathedral Church is one of the moft Magnificent Stru-
durcs of th.u kind in all Spain, and its Treafury is
full ofineftimable Richesj among the reft, a Mantle
of the Bleffed Virgin, cover'd over with Pearl, and


Bordre'd with Diamonds, Rubies, and Emeralds.
About: a Mile and a half from the City, are to be
feen the Ruins of the Enchanted Tower, which King
Hoilr'^o caufcd to be open ;d, and cntred, and where
he faw ftrange things, in the days of Yore ; and
fome Miles further is to be fccn the Fonefl of the
Hundred Maids, call'd La Dchejja de Lts cien Don-
:^ellas ; in which the Moors ufed to keep the Hun-
dred Maids, which they had oblig'd the Spaniards
to pay them as a Tribute, till they fliould haVc an
opportunity to fend them over to Africk.

Ciudad I^ea/e, otherwife call'd, el Po^uelo, Civitas
^egia, is a little Town about lo Miles from Calatra-
va, but is fo inconliderable, and in fuch a decaying
State, that we have nothing more to fay concerning
it. .

Cuenca, Concha, is the Chief Town in that part of
this Province, which is call'd La Sierra, Situated
among Mountains, on the Afcentof aHill, on the Ri-
ver Xucar, where the Rivulet Gtiefcar runs into it,
about 30 Miles from the Confines of Aragon to the
Weft ; and near 80 from Toledo to the Ealt. It was
Built by the Goths, from the Ruins of a Neighbour-
ing Town, call'd Valeria., for which it is ofren ta-
ken. The Spaniards recover'd it from the Moors,
in the year 1177. And it is an Epifcopal See, un-
der the Archbiftiop of Toledo.

Siguen:{a, Seguntia, anciently 'according to Livy
and Pliny) a Town in Hi/iania Tarraconenfis, be-
long to the Celtiberi, ftands on a little height, at the
Foot of the Mountain Atie>?:^a, about 24 Miles from
the Confines of Aragon; 90 from Saragofa to the
Weft; and near 100 (torn Toledo to the North-
Weft. Ambrofius Moralis thinks, that not this Town,
but not a nother call'd F27/<t Vieja, about a Mile from
ir, ftands in the room of Seguntia, and if fo, then this
Town muft have only rifen from the Ruins of it. It
is an Epifcopal See, under the ■ Archbifhop oi Toledo,
and is Fortified with a Wall and Caftle, hard by
which the River Henares runs.

Alcal.t de Henares, Complutum, ftands in a Plain,
on the River Henares, near 20 Miles from Madrid;
45 from Toledo ; and not far from the Source of the
Tajo. During the Gothifh Empire in Spain, it was
an Epifcopal See, under the Archbifhop of Toledo,
and in the time of King Alonfo the Wife , it was
call'd Alcala S. Jiifti, becaufe that Saint fufFer'd Mar-
tyrdom without the Walls of it. Cardinal Francis
Ximencs, Archbirtiop of Toledo, Founded an Univer-
fity there, after the manner of that of Paris, in the
year 1 517. which among other things, has been fa-
mous for the Biblia Complutenfia Polygloha, which
was Printed there, at the Charges of the forefaid Bi-

Calatrava. CaUtrava, which gives name to the
Country about, ftands on the Kwtv Guardians, about
14 Miles from its Sourfe , and %o Miles South from
Toledo. It ows its rife to the Ruins of the ancient
Calatrava, or Oretum, about 6 Miles from ir. In
the year 1 130. it was taken after a long Siege, from
the Moors, and given to the Archbifhop of Toledo ;
who gave ir to the K>"g^'^^ Templers ; but thefe not
bein^able to defend it againft the Moors, reftord
it to'the King, who could find no body that would
undertake to keep it, except two Ciftercian Monks;
who wjre mightily commended for their underta-
king, and ahifed with Men and Money by the
Archbifhop, and the People in the Country about, at
his perfwafion. And many having joyn'd the Monks
for the defence of this Place, was the Original of
the Knights of Caiitrava, the King having given the


Town to the Ciftcrcians for ever: And the Order"
was confirm'd by a Bull of Alexander III. /imi, 1 1154.
6 years after that brave undertaking of the Monkj.

EJlremadura^ Extramadura.

This Country, which makes the South pan of thtf
Kingdom of Leon, is Bounded on the North with
Leon, on the South with y4n</<j/u/;4 ; on the Weft with
Portugal; and on the Ealt with Nen Cajlile. It is
divided into 3 Parts, viz. Tra losGuadiana, that lies
to the North ; entre Tojo e Guadiana in the middle
and Tra los Tajo to the South : And the moft confid«-
lablc Towns in it arc,

Alcantiira. ") C Placentia.
Brtjado\. S>^ Trugilla.
Mcrida. \ ^Medclin.
Alcantara, "Norla Cj^farea, a Town anciently (ac-
cording to Pliny) in Lujitania, ftands on the River
Tajo, 120 Miles from Toledo to the Weft, 9 Miles
from the Confines of Portugal to the Eaft, and
120 from Salamanca to the South. It is a little
Town, but has been Fortified in ihefc latter times,
to bridle the Incurfions of the Portuguefes. It has
the advantage of a noble Bridge over theT/yo, faid
to have been Built by Trajan, 670 Foot long, 28
broad, and 200 high. This Town was resover'd
from the Moors, by King Alon/o VIII. Ann. 1013.
and given to the Knights of Calatrava, for good fer-
vices to be done againft the Enemy.

Bajado:{, Pax AuguJIa, which Pliny calls Colonia
Pacen/is, and Strabo Pa:;^auguJ}a, is the Chief Town
of this Province, and a large and Fortified one, with
aCaftel lately Built, ftanding on the River Guadia-
na, fover which it has a ftone Bridge^ on the Con-
fines of Po««^<i/, 45 Miles South from Alcantara.
It is an Epifcopal See, under the Archbifhop of Cow-
fofteUa ; and was in vain Befieg'd by the Portugue-
fes in the year 1658.

Mcrida, Emerita, or Augufta Emerita, anciently
the Capital City of Hifpania Lufitanica , ftands 27
Miles from Bajndo:^ to the Eaft ; 70 from Sevil to
the North ; and 40 from Alcantara to the South. It
is faid to have been Built by Augujlus Cefar, and
beftow'd by him on his invalid Soldiers. It is now
but a little Town, under the fuperiority of the
Knights of St. James de Sfatha; and its Archiepifco-
pal See was transferr'd to Compofiella, by Pope Ca-
lixtus II. Ann. 11 22.

Placencia, Placentia, is Situated in a Plain, on the
River Xerte, about 36 Miles from Coria to the Eaft;
60 from Toledo to the Weft, 78 from Salamanca to the
South ; and 20 from the River Taye to the North.
It fprung from the Ruins of Deobriga, a Town in
Lufitania, belonging to the Vettones; And was Built
in the year 11 80. by Alonfo VIII. and is an Epifco-
pal See under the Archbifhop of Compsftella.

Medelin, Metallinum, which Pliny calls Metallenjis
Co/ow.'-i, ftands on the River G/wiM'", about 56
Miles from Bajado:{ to the Eaft; and 1 5 i^oxn Mert-
da A little above it there is a ftately ifone Bridge
over the Guadiana; which River fome have reported
to come above ground near this place, after it h.id bid
it felf for the fpace of 20 Miles ; biit thefe Authors
have either drcam'd it, or been mightily miiinform d.

Anhlufia, Vandalitia.

And.Mu, properly fo call'd, makes up the pre«-
eft part of the ancient Bxtic.i ; and is Bounded on
the North with Extramadura, and-.Ww Cajh.e; on

520 SPAIN.

t',e Eaft, with the Kingdom of GrftiaJa ; on the
Weft with Portugal ; and on the South, with the
Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea and is about

,40 Miles long, and .5° broad. The Soil of this
Country may juftly be call d the beft in Sfa,n;
fince it produces plenty of all Things that grow in
any pare of that Kingdom ; and us Paiturage^
among other Beafts, nourilhes the famous Spanini
Hoife^ call'd Gentiets, fo much efteemd over all
Europe. And altho' fome of the Mountains in it
are barren, becaufe of the exceffive Heat of the
Climate ; yet there are found within them. Mines
of Silver, Brafs, Lead, Qiick-Silver, and Vermi-
lion. Thofe who fpcak of the exceffive Jealoufie ot
the Spaniards, fay, That it reigns mod in this
Country ; for the Wives, for the moft part, are
bred up to that degree of Submiffion, that they
ferve their Husbands at Table, alrho' they have
abundance of Servants to do it for them ; which
unreafonable Treatment often provokes the Wo-
men , who poffibly might otherwife be honeft
enou<;h, to plant a pair of Horns on their Huf-
band's Head, whenever a fit Opp.ortunity offers.
Moft part of the Domeftick Servants in this Coun-
try are Chriftian Slaves, which is dirciftly oppofite
to the Laws of Chriftianity ; which the Spaniards
are not over obfcrvant of, when their Avarice, Am-
bition, or Luxury muft be ferved. The Moors did
formerly eftablifti two litde Kingdoms in this Coun-
try, vi:{. thofe of Cordoua and SeviUa; which Fer-
dinand III. annexed to the Kingdom of Caftile,
when he drove the Moors into Granada. The moft
confiderable Towns in this Province, are,

Sevilla. -j ^ Cndi:;^.

Xeret de la Front em.





Sevilla or Sevil, Hijjjalis, the Capital City, an-
ciently, of Hiffania Bcctica, according to Pliny;
who calls it alfo Colonia B^mulenjis, is now the
chief City of Andalufia, properly fo call'd, or the
Lower. In the utmoft part of Sp.iin (iays Mariana)
towards the Weft, ftands the City of Sevil, the Me-
tropolis of Andalufia j and for Riches, may he
reckoned the chiefeft in Europe. Irs Strength con-
fifts not only in the Walls, but the number of Inha-
bitants, its Beauty in the numerous, ftately Build-
ings, and fplendor of the People. Betwixe this
City, which is on the left Hand, and a Suburb
call'd Triana, on the right, runs the River Guadal-
(jtiivir, hemmed in with high Keys, and carrying
Water enough for Ships of great Burden ; which
render it commodious, for the Trade of the Ocean
and Mediterranean. A Bridge of Wood built up-
on Boats, joins the Suburb to the City. In the
City is the old Palace, inhabited by the ancient
Kings ; in the Suburb, facing the Eaft, is another
ftately Royal Houfe. Near the River ftands a
Tower, for the excellency of its Workmanfhip,
commonly call'd the Golden Tower, Near the Ca-
thedral, is another Tower of Brick, excecdinc all
the others; being 60 Yards in breadth, andYonr
times that hight. So far this famous Hiftorian.
This City, notwithftanding the great Trade of Ca-
d!:(, is very confiderable, efpccially by reafon thnt
all the Gold and Silver that comes from the Indies
for Spain, is unloaded there j and there is the Ge-
Heral Mint, for Coyning the Pieces, which the In-

habitants call, la Cafa de l.-t Conlr.i.ritirne dc las In-
dias. There is alfo in this City a famous Univer- ,
fity, and a magnificent Cathedral, 150 Paces long,
and 100 broad, where is to be fcen the Tomb of
Ferdinand III. who drove the Aloors oat of Sevil,
22 Decemh. 1248. after a Siege of lixteen Months;
thefe Infidels having been Matters of it for the fpace
of 534 Years. It is the only pl.ice in Spain, ex-
cept Segovia, where Gold is coin'd. It is an Ar-
chicfiifcopal See, and is diftant, 48 Miles from the
Shoar of the Ocean, to the Eaft ; 66 from Co; doua,
108 from Granada, 165 from Lisbon, and as many
from Toledo, to the South.

Bae:{a, Biatia, anciently a Town (according to
Pli7/y) in Hifpania BiCtica, and formerly call'd Vrbs
Bxtica, is now a pretty large Town, fituated on a
Hill, in the moft eaftern parts of the Province, 3
Miles from the River Guadalquivir, to the North ;
50 Eaft from Cr.rdcua, 120 South from Toledo, and
40 North from Granada. It was anciently a Co-
lony of the Romans, and was recovered by the Chri-
ftians, in the time of Ferdinand, King of Caftile^
Ann. 1227. Ic has an Univerfity, founded in the
Year 1 538. and was formerly an Epifcopal See,
under the Archbifhop of Toledo ; but in the Year
1249. it was united with that oi Jaen, by Pope
Innocent IV.

Gibralter, Calpe, is a little fortified Town, with
a large Harbour, in the Streights of that name,
ftanding at the Foot of a fteep Hill that terminates
towards the Sea in a Plain, and juts out into the
Sea for about 2 Miles , and is call'd one of Her-
cules'i Pillars, or Ne plus ultra, over againft Ahyle^
or la Sierra de las Monas, in Africk^ , the other Pil-
lar ; from which the Town is diftant, 1 5 Miles to
the North ; 40 from Tangier ; 48 from Cadi:i^ to
the South Eaft, and 4 from the Ruins of Heracleay
now call'd Gibralter Vieja. At the end of the fore-
faid Plain, there is a Chappel dedicated to the Blef-
fed Virgin, which they call, Nueftra Sennea <f Et*-
ropa ; and over againft it, on the top of the other
Hill in Africli, there is another Chappel, caJI'cf
Nuejlra Sennora de Africa.

Cordoua, Corduba, anciently a famous City in Hi/^
fania Bietica, and the Birth-place of Seneca and
Lucan, is feated (as Mariana defcribes \t) almoft in
the midft of Andalufia, in a Plain, at the Foot of
Sierra Morena. On the left hand it is watered by
the River Guadalquivir; which having received
many other Streams is there Navigable. The City
lying along the Bank of the River, makes a long
Square. Whil'ft the Moors polTefs'd it, much of
its beauty was loft, they being not at all curious ia
Architedure. Formerly it had 5 Gates, now 7.
The Suburbs are as great as a good City, efpecially
that which is call'd Axanjuia, on the Bank of the
River, without the Eaft-Gate, which is encompaf-
fed with a Wall, and joins to the City. The
King's Palace is on the Weft fide, Ihut up within a
particular Wall. On the River is a beautiful
Bridge, the Foot of which reaches to the Cathe-
dral. It was formerly call'd Colonia Patricia, be-
caufe of the great number of Nobility that lived
there. All the Country round about it is fruitful
and pleafant, .ind even the Mountains bear Vines,
Olives, and other forts of Trees. Thus far the
Hiftorian. Whil'ft the Moors poflefs'd this City,
they huilt a noble Mofque, the beft they had next
to that at Mecca. It had 24 Gates ; it was 600
Foot long, and 50 broad ; and was fupported by
850 Columr.s of black Marble, about a Foot and

a half


a half diamcrer; and was afterwards turned into
the Cathedral Church. This City ihnnds in the
midft between Grtinadn to tlie Ealt, and Scvil to
the Weft, about 60 Miles from either, 126 from
the Srrcights of Gibrrdter , and 14 from Ecija, to
the Eaft, and is an Epifcopal Sec, under the Arch-
bifhop of Sevil.

The Ifland of Goldivg, Cadi:;, G.ides, lies in the At-
lantick Ocean, between the Mouth of the Pvivcr Gua-
dalquivir and the Srrcights of Gibraltcr, and is called
by Ptolomy, Gndita; by Strnbo, Efythia, and in the
moft ancient Times, Cr.tinuf.:. It is about 12 Miles
long, lying Eaft and Weft, but was formerly both
longer and broader. It lies off the Co.ift of Anda-
lufid, and fo near to it, that it is joined to it by a
Bridge, call'd, lit Puente de Suaco. The Gulf of
Cndi:; is about 12 Leagues in Circuit, and 2 broad ;
and is defended by fcvi^ral ftrong Forts ; the princi-
pal of which are thofe rall'd, Puntnl and Mnragorda,
built on the Shoar, at the narrowcft pl.icc of the
Gulf. The Ports of Sc. Mary and C^.V/;^, are the
beft and moft frequented in all the Bay j and 'tis
in the latter of thele where the Gallions, deligned
for the Indies, do rendevouz. It was built by the
Tyri.uis, and was 'aken and plundered (as was tiie
whole Illand) by rhc Englifh, under the Command
of Drake, in the Year 1 596, It is now a ftrong
and populous Place, and a great Mart- Town, in
the Weft f:dc of the Ifland, about 70 Miles from
Sevil, to The Sourb ; 26 from the Mouth of the Ri-
ver Gunddlijuivir , and 56 from Gibralter to the
North Weft. It is an Epifcopal See, under the
Archbiftiop of Sevil.

Jaen, Giennum, ftands at the Foot of the Moun-
tains, call'd Sufannit, about 8 Miles from the River
Giudalbollen, 36 from Granada, to the North; 12
from the Guadalqvivir ; and i o from Bac:(a, to the
South. It was recovered from the Moors, by
Kins; Ferdinand, in the Year 1246. and two Years
after erefted into a Bifhoprick, under the Archbilhop
of Toledo.

Medina Sidonia, a Town mentioned by Ptolomy,
in Hifpanin Batica, fituatcd' on a Highr, 27 Miles
from Cadi^, to the Eaft ; 60 from Sevil, to the
South ; and 1 2 from the Shoar. It has the Title of
a EKikedom, and was once an Epifcopal See.

Arcos , Arcenfium Colonia , anciently a Town
in Hiftania B.ttira, k now a pretty neat Town with
a Caftle, fituatcd on a high and fteep Rock, on the
River Guadalcte ; 16 Miles from Xera de la Frontera,
to the Eaft; 48 from Sevil, to the South; 20 from
Medina Sidonia, and 70 from Gibralter.

M U R C I A, Miircia, or Regnum

This Country, as moft Authors think, was anci-
ently inhabited by the BaJUtani, and whilft it was

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