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needed for the return trip. If built of un-
seasoned lumber and left in a shed for sev-
eral months in summer, some difficulty may
be met in bringing the parts together and
entering the bolts in their holes.

The following method is followed in one
of the largest American factories in the
package of cars for foreign shipment, and
as the construction is both simple and
strong, it is well adapted to the case of a
single private car.

Cars to be shipped across the ocean are
first very carefully gone over and all bright
and unpainted parts are covered with a thick
grease to prevent rusting. The car is then
measured to determine the smallest possible
dimensions of the case; the inside depth
should be about 2 inches greater than the
height of the car, so that the top will not
strike the case through any jarring in tran-
sit

The material for the case is the ordinary
Norway pine, the sides being of 4 by 7-8
inch matched ceiling, dressed both sides.
Two pieces 6 by 6 inches and 2 inches longer



than the extreme length of the car form the
sills; the four ends being beveled on the
under side to form skids under which
rollers may be placed. The skids should be
spaced at such a distance as to come di-
rectly under the wheels; on the outside of
each a piece 2 by 4 inches should be spiked
fast, with top level with top of skid.

The flooring should be of the same length
as the extreme width of the car, and nailed
permanently to the skids and the 2 by 4 inch
strips, forming the bottom ; care being taken
to have the skids parallel and the flooring




MBTHOD OF CHOCKUIO WHRBL8.

square to them. From a stick of 4 by 8-inch
timber eight wedges are now cut; the car
is run into position on the platform, and
each wheel is blocked by two wedges well
fastened to the floor and skid. A strip of
heavy duck, or other material, which will not
scratch the paint, is now placed over the
felloe and tire and its two ends are well
fastened to the floor. The fastening of the
four wheels in this way prevents the car
from jumping up, and should be carefully
attended to. Two pieces of board from 4 to
6 inches wide arc now fastened to the
wedges, on each side of the wheel. Four
smaller wedges are cut from 2 by 4-inch
stuff and so fastened to the floor as to biitt
against the two forward wedges of the front
wheels and the two rear wedges of the rear
wheels. As a further precaution, after the
axle is wrapped with some fabric to protect
the paint, an iron strap is placed over the
axle with both ends fastened to the floor by
lag-screws.

The sides are built up on four uprights
to each side, of 2 by 4-inch stuff, the length
of each being the height of the car, plus 2
inches clearance already mentioned, plus
twice the thickness of the ceiling, plus 4
inches. This allows each upright to lap
down 4 inches on the side of the skid, to
which it is fastened by a lag-screw. The
stuff for the sides should be cut shorter by
twice the thickness of the ceiling than the
length of the skid, thus permitting the ends
to set into the rabbet formed by the sides,
top and end uprights. The ceiling for
the sides should be well nailed to each
of the four uprights. The top ceiling is
similarly nailed to four crosspieccs, each
2 by 4 inches. The ends are nailed up on
three pieces of 2 by 4 inches, which lap over
at top and bottom and are screwed to the
skids and the top crosspiece. The edges
of the cover should be fastened to the sides
with wood screws and the crosspieces



should be fastened to the side uprights by
lag-screws, after which the angle should
be further strengthened by a steel band,
lapping at least a foot on each piece, and'
fastened with wood screws. The ends may
now be slipped into place and fastened with
wood screws and lag-screwb through the
crosspieces into skids at the bottom and the
crosspiece at the top. This construction
leaves the inside of the box entirely free of
braces and perfectly smooth. The ends, top
and sides may be quickly removed in un-
packing the car. The address of the con-
signee should be plainly marked and in an-
other place the address of the consignor.
The gross and net weight should, if possible,
be marked, and also the cubic feet of space
which the bgx will occupy.

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF AUTOS.

During the month of January last the
United States imported I40^ automobiles, of
a total valuation of $402,976, and automobile
parts aggregating $(58,748 in value. These
figures bring the totals for seven months
ending with January to 616 cars imported
at a valuation of ^269,378, and parts to
the value of $204,805.

Against these figures there were exports
of automobiles and parts to foreign coun-
tries valued at $297,694 in January and $1,-
438,600 for the sevfen months ending with
January. In the same month a year ago
the exports were $100,000 less.

The following table shows the distribu-
tion of our exports :

Seven
Mob., end-
Ending ing with
Exported to: Jan., 1906. Jan., 1906.

United Kingdom.... 114,991 421,982

France ..*... 16,369 113,696

Germpy 4,806 80,824

Italy 20,006 62,094

Other jqurope 4,448 66,697

British North America.. 22,107 260,116

Mexico 80.936 146,179

West Indies and Bermuda- 40,461 104.898

South America 8,688 41,490

British East Indies 4,147 24.149

British Australasia. 82,669 117.866

Other Asia and Oceania. 2,000 29,746

Africa 1,168 20,180

Other countries 10,289

Total 297.694 1,488,600



An automobile weighbridge, devised
by a well-known English firm, W. & T.
Avery, may be laid down on any level
stretch of ground without excavating, the
platform being self-contained and the en-
tire scales assembled in such a way that
it may be taken down and reassembled
by an ordinary workman. The capacity
is 5,000 pounds, with a platform 6 by 12
feet, ample for the accommodation of the
largest racing cars.

The British Motor Boat Club will have
racing fixtures for the coming season at
Oulton Broad on June 5, Liverpool on
June 8 and 9, Cowes during the August
week, and at Bumham in September. A
date is also proposed for July.

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484 THE AUTOMOBILE.

Maine Successfully Has Its First Show.



PORTLAND, ME., March 3.— The first
annual automobile and power-boat show
ever held in the state of Maine opened in
the Portland Auditorium, Monday morning,
February a6, and continued successfully
during the week. Assured of success from
the start, the building was crowded with
exhibitors, and the attention of automobil-
ists from all parts of Maine was centered
upon it. The promoter was Frederick M.
Prescott, of Boston. So successful was
the show that he has already engaged the
Auditorium for 1907, and will make the
event an annual one.

The Auditorium was elaborately deco-
rated with American flags and streamers
of many-colored bunting. The spaces were



mercial trucks were shown. One was a
three-ton Oldsmobile, exhibited by the
Maine Motor Carriage Company, and the
other a lighter car of the Crown make.

Portland had never seen an automobile
with a limousine body, so the White steam-
er — ^the only limousine at the show — caused
much favorable comment.

The chassis of three cars, the first ever
shown in the state, were interesting studies,
particularly to the uninitiated. These were
the American Mercedes, the Winton, and
the Studebaker.

The display of power boats was a partic-
ularly fine one. The handsomest pleasure
boat possibly was a twenty-foot craft
shown by the Bath Auto & Gas Engine



XHTSRIOR OF PORTLAHD AUDITORIUM DURIRG AUTOMOBILE SHOW, FEB 26 TO MAR. 3.



set off by rails and electric lights, at the
back of each a large sign telling the name
of the exhibitor and the firm represented.
On the main floor of the building were au-
tomobiles, power boats, motors, and acces-
sories. In the basement were exhibitors
who could not be accommodated on the
main floor, and also a large number of
second-hand automobiles. Large crowds
attended all the week. In the evening con-
certs by the First Regiment band added to
the enjoyment

Though many of the Portland automo-
bilists and other residents have been to
some of the shows in Boston and New
York, this first annual event proved a nov-
elty and a treat to them. The pleasure and
commercial automobiles displayed were ob-
Jects of absorbing interest. But two corn-



Company. It was fitted with a 5-horse-
power Buffalo engine. 'Another noticeable
boat was a 22 1-2- foot fisherman's dory with
a 4-horsepower Tuttle engine.

The Atlantic Company had the largest
exhibit of power boats. The principal one
was a speed launch fitted with a three-cyl-
inder engine of 12 horsepower, capable of
sixteen miles an hour. Sea-going dories
fitted with 4-horsepower engines were also
shown.

The Portland people at the start were
chary of the automobile show, as they had
never attended one before. The price of
admission, fifty cents, was thought a little
too steep for the citizens of this town. But
those who went the first day told their
friends, and they told their friends, and the
result was there were large crowds for the



March 8, igo6,

rest of the week. The show proved not
only interesting but educational, for it
opened the eyes of many of the Maine peo-
ple to the real possibilities of the automo-
bile.

Maine is automobile enthused as it never
has been before. Last year was the most
successful in the history of this industry
in the state, but the coming summer will
indicate great growth. Agencies are nu-
merous throughout the state, until now
there is no city or town of any size that is
without one. It is conservatively estimated
that fully 1,500 automobiles will be owned
in Maine before the end of 1906.



WANTS THE OPEN AIR SHOW.



Buffalo City Legislators Much Interested
and Invite the A. M. C. M. A.

Buffalo, March 5. — It would not be
surprising if Buffalo secures the first out-
door show of the American Motor Car
Manufacturers* Association. This dty is
looking for the show, and will undoubtedly
take the proper steps towards securing it
Not only are automobile manufacturers and
dealers of Buffalo anxious to have the show
come to Buffalo, but the city legislators
have taken the initiative towards securing
the exhibition. Recently the common coun-
cil of this city adopted a resolution in
which an invitation was extended to the
association to hold its first outdoor exhi-
bition in Buffalo.

Upon receiving the resolution of the
council, Gty Clerk Sweeney immediately
wrote to General Manager Roger B.
McMullen, of Detroit, acquainting him with
the facts and soliciting correspondence
relative to what chance Buffalo had for
getting the show. A similar letter was sent
to Chairman James Couzens, of Detroit
Answers from both gentlemen have been
received. Mr. McMuUcn's communication
stated that he will spend Wednesday,
Thursday, and Friday of this week in
Buffalo. He also expects that the show
committee, consisting of Benjamin Briscoe,
James Couzens, A. C. Newby and J. B.
Bartholomew, will be in this city on the
same days. Mr. McMuUen's letter doses
with : *'We shall be pleased to meet the men
of Buffalo who are interested in this matter
and confer with them."

Mr. Couzens' letter says: *T thank you
for your courtesy in this matter, and I can
assure you, in behalf of our association,
that this action is highly appreciated and
will, of course, have considerable bearing
in making our dedsion as to the ultimate
point at which to hold this show."



The bill for the proposed automobile
road from London to Brighton, England,
has been withdrawn from parliamentary
debate. The question of a deposit caused
the first trouble, while several protests
have been raised against the laying of such
a way in its proposed form.



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March 8, igo6.



THE AUTOMOBILE.



485



Buffaloes Show in Prosperous Sway.



Buffalo, March 5. — With the prospect
that at its conclusion it will have been set
down as the greatest event of its kind in
thb city, the annual exhibition of the Buf-
falo Automobile Trade Association, under
the auspices of the Automobile Qub of
Buffalo, was opened in Convention Hall to-
night in a ''blaze of glory." This week all
Buffalo, which is noted for its devotion to
the motor car, will do homage to the im-
posing array of resplendent vehicles in the
big hall.

During the greater part of last week Con-
vention Hall was in the hands of the deco-
rators and the result of their efforts is a
scene of magnificent splendor. All the big
iron gfirders and other network that sup-
port the roof have been artistically trimmed
in ribbon effect, the colors being white and
gold, with extra shadings for better results.
From each girder is suspended a shield of
white and gold, inscribed with the letters
"A C," meaning Automobile Qub. Elec-
tric lights are arranged to throw a light on
these shields. Several thousand i6-candle-
power lights have transformed the hall into
a fairyland of brilliancy.

There was considerable trouble at former
shows over the matter of display signs at
the different booths. Each exhibitor had
his own sign made as large as possible, so
as to attract attention, with the result that
many other exhibitors complained that the
view of their signs was obstructed. This
year the signs are more uniform. No sign
is more than 2 feet 6 inches in depth, but
the length, of course, is according to the
frontage space of the exhibit. Each sign
is hung at the same height, and each booth
is carpeted in green.
There are fifty exhibitors, but there would
W been many more had space been ob-
tainable. For the last several weeks it had
^ Manager Dai H. Lewis's unvarying
reply to would-be exhibitors that all space
^*d been sold. The demand for space was
^ great that it would have been possible
to extend the show to another building
^aally as large as the Convention Hall had
'^ been obtainable.

The range of exhibits is very noticeably
'^der than at previous shows here, and the
^<»nmercial vehicle occupies a most promi-
"^t position. Formerly only one foreign
^'f had been shown in Buffalo, but this
year three of the most noted European cars
^^ On exhibition — Mercedes, Panhard and
Renault There is only one exhibit of tires,
tbe management having decided the space
'onnerly occupied in this line more valuable
^^ other exhibits.

'^hile other cities may boast of more
automobile factories than Buffalo, none this
^^ of the Atlantic boasts better, and the
^^^ of the Pierce Arrow and Thomas
^^yer are anxious to pit their favorites
agamst the products of any factories across



the seas. One noticeable point about the
new Pierce cars is the change in body lines
from the curves which formerly marked
the tonneau construction of Pierce machines
to a body which may be described as almost
severe in outline. It may be said, however,
that there are no extreme changes in this
year's Pierce cars over the machines of lasi
year. The touring cars of the Pierce this
year are 28-32 and 40-45 horsepower.

In the E. R. Thomas Motor Company's
exhibit is seen the 50-horsepower Thomas
Flyer and the cars developed from it by the
substitution of various types of inclosed
bodies for the usual touring car body. The
well-known features of the Thomas models
of last year are noticeable, despite the sev-
eral changes made. The cars of 1906 do,
however, excel last year's cars in point of
finish and equipment.

The American Motor Truck Company is
showing some trucks especially designed for
heavy work. These trucks are noted for
their durability and strength. The water-
less Knox is shown at this show with a
four-cylinder vertical motor mounted under
the hood in front.

The list of exhibitors is as follows:

George N. Pierce Co., Buffalo; full line
Pierce Arrow.

Babcock Electric Carria^ Co., Buffalo;
electric vehicles.

Cleveland Cycle & Auto Co., Cleveland:
BIdrid£re. Waverley.

B. R. Thomas Motor Co., Buffalo; Thomas
Flyers.

Walter Haynes; White steamer.

Poppenberg: Auto Co.; Rambler, Marion.
Corbln.

Jaynes Automobile Co.; Locomobile, Pope-
Toledo, Pope-Hartford, Pope-Tribune, Olds-
rooblle, Bulck.

Buffalo Motor Car Company; Autocar.

Buffalo Automobile Bxohange; Ha3me8,
Franklin.

Brunn Carrlasre Company; Stevens -Duryea.



J. A. Cramer; Premier, Stoddart-Dayton,
MitcheU.

Centaur Motor Co.; Wlnton, Peerless, Cad-
illac, Northern.

Knox Automobile Co.; Knox.

Ford Auto Co.; Ford.

Buffalo Auto Truck & Motor Co.; Auto-
trucks.

Palace Motor Car Company; Maxwell,
Kane-Champlin. Reo.

American Motor Truck Co.; auto-trucks.

McNaughton & DuBroy; Mercedes, Pan-
hard, Renault, S. & M.

Meadows & Hafer; St. Louis cars.

Buffalo Auto Station; National.

Buffalo Gasoline Motor Co.; marine mo-
tors.

The Kelsey Company; auto accessories.

Grey & Davis; lamps.

D. H. Lewis; automobile route books.

O. K. Machine Works; automobile acces-
sories.

Swinehart Clincher Tire and Rubber Co.;
tires.

C. B. Miller; automobile accessories.

Warner Instrument Co.; autometers.

Hartford Suspension Co.; shook absorbers.

Gloster Cycle Co.; motorcycles.

National Battery Co.; batteries.

Thomas Auto-Bl Co.; motorcycles.
Edmunds & Jones; lamps.

Neal, Clark & Neal; motorcycles.

Weed chain and Tire Grip Agency; non-slip
chains.

Thomas Spring & Gear Co.;new springs
for automobiles.

BufCalo Carbureter Co.; oarbureters.



''I thought I heard you refer to a radia-
tor somewhere about this car," remarked
Jack Hammond while enjoying a demon-
stration ride with E. R. Cordner at the
Chicago show with the mercury down at
zero. "Where the deuce is the blamed
thing."

"Out in the hood," suggested Mr. Cord-
ner, pleasantly.

"Well," said Hammond, as he wrapped
his overcoat more clasely over his esthetic
lavender waistcoat, "why the didcens don't
you have it back here, where it would
throw some heat to the passengers ?^^
Chicago Inter 'Ocean.



INDIAIIS HOLD UP B. V. HARTFORD'S GOBROR-BRILLIE HI CENTRAL 1>ARK, HEW YORK CITY.



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486



THE AUTOMOBILE.



March 8, 1906,



Scenery Sublime; Roads Abominable.



ALBUQUERQUE, N. M., Feb. 28.—
With our autometer registering 7,340
miles, we pulled up in front of the Alva-
rado Hotel in this city Sunday night, the
exhaust from the unmuffled cylinders of
the Mountaineer being audible for several
blocks. Instead of having to spend the
night out of doors with a tarpaulin spread
over it, the car found a resting place in a
genuine garage — the first seen since leaving
Los Angeles.

The Rio Puerco river was crossed at
Rio Puerco station, by means of the Santa
Fe iron railroad bridge, the thirty-inch
wheels bumping over the ties for a consid-
erable distance after passing the bridge be-
fore a place was found where the car could
run down the embankment onto the trail
below in safety. While too rough to be en-
joyable, the railroad bridge was found
much safer than an attempted fording of
the famous quicksand stream. The Rio
Grande river was crossed on a long, nar-
row wagon bridge on the outskirts of Al-
buquerque. There was a ford across the
Rio Grande near the Indian town of Isleta,
but as the rear wheels of a large lumber
wagon were plainly seen sticking out of the
quicksand bed where it had been abandoned
weeks before, we thought it best to go
around via the old road and wagon bridge.

The sand is deep on the trail between
Rio Puerco and Albuquerque, and we came
most of the distance on low gear. Occa-
sionally we would be obliged to take to the
railroad track where some unusually deep
arroyo loomed up, whose sandy banks
plainly indicated that to cross would mean
hours of work with windlass and cable.

At Isleta we arrived in time to witness
the Indian dance, a sight worth going hun-
dreds of miles to see. The Isleta Indians,
a tribe of the Pueblos, are a farming nation,
and after months of hard labor have just
completed a huge irrigating ditch which
connects their cornfields with the Rio
Grande river. It was to celebhrate tlie
completion of this big ditch that the dance
was given. Many Americans were present
from all points on the Santa Fe to witness
the ceremonies, while the road between Is-
leta and Albuquerque was pretty thickly
sprinkled with teams and horsemen who
had run down from this city to see the
sight. The large public square in the heart
of the Indian village was filled with
painted, gorgeously-arrayed Pueblos, all
dancing a slow dance and keeping time to
some of the quaintest instruments in the
drum and horn line I have ever seen or
heard. The Indians did not seem to ap-
preciate it, however, when we chipped in
our share of the music by turning on our
chime horn. In fact, several seemed to
question our right to make music, and
started in our direction. Both Fassett and
I thought we had seen enough of the dance,
anyway, so I threw in the clutch and the



Mountaineer charged through the crowd
and started down the road for Albu-
querque, where we arrived about an hour
later.

Gasoline is very hard to secure in any
of the smaller towns in this section, and is
not for sale between Gallup and Albu-
querque, 168 miles by railroad, and under
ordinary conditions a week's run. The
Standard Oil Co., or rather its western
branch, known as the Continental Oil Co.,
has a large supply house at Albuquerque,
and anything in the gasoline and lubricat-
ing oil lines can be secured there at very
reasonable rates.

From Albuquerque we shall run up the
mountains to Santa Fe, the capital of the
territory. From there we expect to head



NBW MBXIOO TRAIL THAT TESTS TIRES AND
PATIENCE TO THE LIMIT.

toward Las Vegas and follow the Santa Fe
railroad until western Kansas is reached.
There we shall probably take the Union
Pacific route through to Kansas City, as
every one seems to think we will find bet-
ter roads in going that way.

Albuquerque, although situated in the
heart of the desert country, boasts of a
number of automobiles, and everyone who
owns one is filled to overflowing with en-
thusiasm. I have met the majority of
owners, and all are greatly interested in
our trip. In nearly every case the cars
now in Albuquerque have b<*en driven in
under their own power, mostly from Den-
ver. There are machines owned in Santa
Fe, Las Vegas and Raton, although the
trails out in this country are far from what
Easterners would call ideal automobile
roads.

We often wonder what that party of
eastern automobilists on the New York- St
Louis run of 1904, who sent a petition to
the Governor of New York state calling
attention to the poor condition of the roads
between Albany and Utica, would say if
the> were touring through the territory of



New Mexico, where there are no roads —
only trails to follow— no bridges across the
streams, and every second ford of a quick-
sand nature.

If I remember rightly, my name was one
of those attached to that document, but
lately I have been thinking that possibly
those New York roads were not so bad
after all; at any rate we would be glad to
try them again soon.

Percy F. Megarcel.



CLEVELAN D AUT O SCHOOL

Course Has Been Separated from Y M.
C A. and Divided into Branches

Cleveland, March 5.— The automobile
course in the educational institution of the
Cleveland Y. M. C. A. has become so popu-
lar and so important that the management
of the association has decided to make it a
separate institution, to be known as the
Young Men's College of Automobiling.

Beginning this week there will be several
branches of the course. There will be a
class for those who desire to become auto-
mobile salesmen ; they will be instructed in
the mechanism of a machine and taught the
best methods of presenting the "talking
points" of various cars. Then there will be
another class for owners and prospective
purchasers ; to these will be taught the prin-
ciples and methods of operatmg a machine,
with instructions regarding repairs. A
more extensive course has been mapped out
for those who desire to become engineers
and repairmen or chauffeurs. The ground-
work will be laid in a series of sixteen lec-
tures, illustrated with stereopticon views and
parts of cars.

The shop laboratory will come next.
Here students will be taught all that is nec-
essary for a competent chauffeur to know.

Having satisfactorily passed through this
course, the students will be given practice
in the driving of the car. First, on a sta-
tionary car, they will be taught how to con-
trol the engine and handle the speed levers.



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