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or elsewhere. We fell with this island the 27. of January,
but the inhabitants would in no case traffic with us, being
thereof forbidden by the king's edict. Yet the next day
our General sent to view the island, and the likelihoods that
might be there of provision of victuals, about threescore and
two men under the conduct and government of Master
Winter and Master Doughty. And marching towards the
chief place of habitation in this island (as by the Portugal
we were informed), having travelled to the mountains the
space of three miles, and arriving there somewhat before
the daybreak, we arrested ourselves, to see day before us.
Which appearing, we found the inhabitants to be fled; but
the place, by reason that it was manured, we found to be
more fruitful than the other part, especially the valleys
among the hills.

Here we gave ourselves a little refreshing, as by very ripe
and sweet grapes, which the fruitfulness of the earth at
that season of the year yielded us; and that season being
with us the depth of winter, it may seem strange that those
fruits were then there growing. But the reason thereof is
this, because they being between the tropic and the equi-
noctial, the sun passeth twice in the year through their
zenith over their heads, by means whereof they have two
summers; and being so near the heat of the line they never
lose the heat of the sun so much, but the fruits have their
increase and continuance in the midst of winter. The island
is wonderfully stored with goats and wild hens ; and it hath

8 Goats.


salt also, without labour, save only that the people gather it
into heaps; which continually in greater quantity is in-
creased upon the sands by the flowing of the sea, and the
receiving heat of the sun kerning the same. So that of the
increase thereof they keep a continual traffic with their

Amongst other things we found here a kind of fruit
called cocos, which because it is not commonly known with
us in England, I thought good to make some description of
it. The tree beareth no leaves nor branches, but at the very
top the fruit groweth in clusters, hard at the top of the stem
of the tree, as big every several fruit as a man's head; but
having taken off the uttermost bark, which you shall find to
be very full of strings or sinews, as I may term them, you
shall come to a hard shell, which may hold in quantity of
liquor a pint commonly, or some a quart, and some less.
Within that shell, of the thickness of half-an-inch good, you
shall have a kind of hard substance and very white, no less
good and sweet than almonds ; within that again, a certain
clear liquor, which being drunk, you shall not only find it
very delicate and sweet, but most comfortable and cordial.

After we had satisfied ourselves with some of these fruits,
we marched further into the island, and saw great store of
cabritos alive, which were so chased by the inhabitants that
we could do no good towards our provision; but they had
laid out, as it were to stop our mouths withal, certain old
dried cabritos, which being but ill, and small and few, we
made no account of. Being returned to our ships, our
General departed hence the 31. of this month, and sailed by
the island of Santiago, but far enough from the danger of
the inhabitants, who shot and discharged at us three pieces ;
but they all fell short of us, and did us no harm. The
island is fair and large, and, as it seemeth, rich and fruitful,
and inhabited by the Portugals; but the mountains and high
places of the island are said to be possessed by the Moors,
who having been slaves to the Portugals, to ease themselves,
made escape to the desert places of the island, where they
abide with great strength. Being before this island, we
espied two ships under sail, to the one of which we gave
chase, and in the end boarded her with a ship-boat without


resistance; which we found to be a good prize, and she
yielded unto us good store of wine. Which prize our
General committed to the custody of Master Doughty; and
retaining the pilot, sent the rest away with his pinnace, giv-
ing them a butt of wine and some victuals, and their wearing
clothes, and so they departed. The same night we came with
the island called by the Portugals Ilha do Fogo, that is, the
burning island ; in the north side whereof is a consuming fire.
The matter is said to be of sulphur, but, notwithstanding, it
is like to be a commodious island, because the Portugals
have built, and do inhabit there. Upon the south side there-
of lieth a most pleasant and sweet island, the trees whereof
are always green and fair to l^jk upon; in respect whereof
they call it Ilha Brava, that is, the brave island. From
the banks thereof into the sea do run in many places reason-
able streams of fresh water easy to come by, but there was
no convenient road for our ships; for such was the depth
that no ground could be had for anchoring. And it is
reported that ground was never found in that place; so
that the tops of Fogo burn not so high in the air, but the
roots of Brava are quenched as low in the sea.

Being departed from these islands, we drew towards
the line, where we were becalmed the space of three weeks,
but yet subject to divers great storms, terrible lightnings and
much thunder. But with this misery we had the commodity
of great store of fish, as dolphins, bonitos, and flying-fishes,
whereof some fell into our ships; wherehence they could
not rise again for want of moisture, for when their wings are
dry they cannot fly.

From the first day of our departure from the islands
of Cape Verde, we sailed 54 days without sight of land.
And the first land that we fell with was the coast of Brazil,
which we saw the fifth of April, in the height of 33 degrees
towards the pole Antarctic. And being discovered at sea
by the inhabitants of the country, they made upon the coast
great fires for a sacrifice (as we learned) to the devils;
about which they use conjurations, making heaps of sand, and
other ceremonies, that when any ship shall go about to stay
upon their coast, not only sands may be gathered together in
shoals in every place, but also that storms and tempests may


arise, to the casting away of ships and men, whereof, as it
is reported, there have been divers experiments.

The 7. day in a mighty great storm, both of lightning,
rain, and thunder, we lost the canter, which we called
the Christopher. But the eleventh day after, by our General's
great care in dispersing his ships, we found her again ; and
the place where we met our General called the Cape of Joy,
where every ship took in some water. Here we found a
good temperature and sweet air, a very fair and pleasant
country with an exceeding fruitful soil, where were great
store of large and mighty deer, but we came not to the sight
of any people ; but travelling further into the country we
perceived the footing of people in the clay ground, shewing
that they were men of great stature. Being returned to our
ships we weighed anchor, and ran somewhat further, and
harboured ourselves between the rock and the main ; where
by means of the rock that brake the force of the sea, we rid
very safe. And upon this rock we killed for our provision
certain sea-wolves, commonly called with us seals. From
hence we went our course to 36 degrees, and entered the
great river of Plate, and ran into 54 and 53 1-2 fathoms of
fresh water, where we filled our water by the ship's side;
but our General finding here no good harborough, as he
thought he should, bare out again to sea the 27. of April,
and in bearing out we lost sight of our fly-boat wherein
Master Doughty was. But we, sailing along, found a fair
and reasonable good bay, wherein were many and the same
profitable islands; one whereof had so many seals as would
at the least have laden all our ships, and the rest of the
islands are, as it were, laden with fowls, which is wonderful
to see, and they of divers sorts. It is a place very plentiful
of victuals, and hath in it no want of fresh water. Our
General, after certain days of his abode in this place, being
on shore in an island, the people of the country shewed
themselves unto him, leaping and dancing, and entered into
traffic with him ; but they would not receive anything at
any man's hands, but the same must be cast upon the ground.
They are of clean, comely, and strong bodies, swift on foot,
and seem to be very active.

The 18. day of May, our General thought it needful to


have a care of such ships as were absent; and therefore
endeavouring to seek the fly-boat wherein Master Doughty
was, we espied her again the next day. And whereas certain
of our ships were sent to discover the coast and to search an
harbour, the Marigold and the canter being employed in that
business, came unto us and gave us understanding of a safe
harbour that they had found. Wherewith all our ships
bare, and entered it; where we watered and made new
provision of victuals, as by seals, whereof we slew to the
number of 200 or 300 in the space of an hour. Here our
General in the Admiral rid close aboard the fly-boat, and
took out of her all the provision of victuals and what else
was in her, and hauling her to the land, set fire to her, and so
burnt her to save the iron work. Which being a-doing, there
came down of the country certain of the people naked, sav-
ing only about their waist the skin of some beast, with the
fur or hair on, and something also wreathed on their heads.
Their faces were painted with divers colours, and some of
them had on their heads the similitude of horns, every man
his bow, which was an ell in length, and a couple of arrows.
They were very agile people and quick to deliver, and
seemed not to be ignorant in the feats of wars, as by their
order of ranging a few men might appear. These people
would not of a long time receive anything at our hands;
yet at length our General being ashore, and they dancing
after their accustomed manner about him, and he once
turning his back towards them, one leaped suddenly to him,
and took his cap with his gold band off his head, and ran a
little distance from him, and shared it with his fellow, the
cap to the one, and the band to the other. Having despatched
all our business in this place, we departed and set sail. And
immediately upon our setting forth we lost our canter, which
was absent three of four days; but when our General had
her again, he took out the necessaries, and so gave her over,
near to the Cape of Good Hope. The next day after, being
the 20. of June, we harboured ourselves again in a very good
harborough, called by Magellan, Port St. Julian, where we
found a gibbet standing upon the main ; which we supposed
to be the place where Magellan did execution upon some of
his disobedient and rebellious company.


The two and twentieth day our General went ashore to the
main, and in his company John Thomas, and Robert
Winterhie, Oliver the master-gunner, John Brewer, Thomas
Hood, and Thomas Drake. And entering on land, they
presently met with two or three of the country people. And
Robert Winterhie having in his hands a bow and arrows,
went about to make a shoot of pleasure, and, in his draught,
his bowstring brake; which the rude savages taking as a
token of war, began to bend the force of their bows against
our company, and drove them to their shifts very narrowly.

In this port our General began to enquire diligently of the
actions of Master Thomas Doughty, and found them not
to be such as he looked for, but tending rather of contention
or mutiny, or some other disorder, whereby, without redress,
the success of the voyage might greatly have been hazarded.
Whereupon the company was called together and made
acquainted with the particulars of the cause, which were
found, partly by Master Doughty's own confession, and
partly by the evidence of the fact, to be true. Which when
our General saw, although his private affection to Master
Doughty, as he then in the presence of us all sacredly pro-
tested, was great, yet the care he had of the state of the
voyage, of the expectation of her Majesty, and of the
honour of his country did more touch him, as indeed it ought,
than the private respect of one man. So that the cause
being throughly heard, and all things done in good order as
near as might be to the course of our laws in England, it
was concluded that Master Doughty should receive punish-
ment according to the quality of the offence. And he, seeing
no remedy but patience for himself, desired before his death
to receive the communion, which he did at the hands of
Master Fletcher, our minister, and our General himself ac-
companied him in that holy action. Which being done, and
the place of execution made ready, he having embraced our
General, and taken his leave of all the company, with
prayers for the Queen's Majesty and our realm, in quiet
sort laid his head to the block, where he ended his life. This
being done, our General made divers speeches to the whole
company, persuading us to unity, obedience, love, and re-
gard of our voyage; and for the better confirmation thereof,


willed every man the next Sunday following to prepare him-
self the communion, as Christian brethren and friends ought
to do. Which was done in very reverent sort; and so with
good contentment every man went about his business.

The 17. day of August we departed the port of St. Julian*
and the 20. day we fell with the Strait of Magellan, going
into the South Sea; at the cape or headland whereof we
found the body of a dead man, whose flesh was clean con-
sumed. The 21. day we entered the Strait, 8 which we found
to have many turnings, and as it were shuttings-up, as if there
were no passage at all. By means whereof we had the wind
often against us ; so that some of the fleet recovering a cape
or point of land, others should be forced to turn back again,
and to come to an anchor where they could. In this Strait
there be many fair harbours, with store of fresh water. But
yet they lack their best commodity, for the water there is of
such depth, that no man shall find ground to anchor in, ex-
cept it be in some narrow river or corner, or between some
rocks; so that if any extreme blasts or contrary winds do
come, whereunto the place is much subject, it carrieth with it
no small danger. The land on both sides is very huge and
mountainous; the lower mountains whereof, although they
be monstrous and wonderful to look upon for their height,
yet there are others which in height exceed them in a strange
manner, reaching themselves above their fellows so high,
that between them did appear three regions of clouds.
These mountains are covered with snow. At both the
southerly and easterly parts of the Strait there are islands,
among which the sea hath his indraught into the Straits,
even as it hath in the main entrance of the frete. 6 This
Strait is extreme cold, with frost and snow continually; the
trees seem to stoop with the burden of the weather, and yet
are green continually, and many good and sweet herbs
do very plentifully grow and increase under them. The
breadth of the Strait is in some places a league, in some
other places two leagues and three leagues, and in some

* The squadron was now reduced to three ships, the Swan and the
Christopher, as well as the Portuguese prize, having been condemned as
unseaworthy, and burnt or abandoned.

5 Drake here changed the name of the Pelican to the Golden Hind, the
crest of Sir Christopher Hatton. Lat. f return.


other four leagues; but the narrowest place hath a league

The 24. of August we arrived at an island in the Straits,
where we found great store of fowl which could not fly, of
the bigness of geese ; whereof we killed in less than one day
3,000, and victualled ourselves throughly therewith. The
6. day of September we entered the South Sea at the cape
or head shore. The 7. day we were driven by a great storm
from the entering into the South Sea, 200 leagues and odd
in longitude, and one degree to the southward of the
Strait; in which height, and so many leagues to the west-
ward, the 15. day of September, fell out the eclipse of the
moon at the hour of six of the clock at night. But neither
did the ecliptical conflict of the moon impair our state, nor her
clearing again amend us a whit; but the accustomed eclipse
of the sea continued in his force, we being darkened more
than the moon sevenfold. 7

From the bay which we called the Bay of Severing of
Friends, we were driven back to the southward of the Straits
in 57 degrees and a tierce; in which height we came to an
anchor among the islands, having there fresh and very good
water, with herbs of singular virtue. Not far from hence
we entered another bay, where we found people, both men
and women, in their canoes naked, and ranging from one
island to another to seek their meat; who entered traffic
with us for such things as they had. We returning hence
northward again, found the third of October three islands,
in one of which was such plenty of birds as is scant credible
to report. The 8. day of October we lost sight of one of
our consorts, 8 wherein Master Winter was; who, as then
we supposed, was put by a storm into the Straits again.
Which at our return home we found to be true, and he not
perished, as some of our company feared. Thus being come
into the height of the Straits again, we ran, supposing
the coast of Chili to lie as the general maps have described
it, namely north-west; which we found to lie and trend to
the north-east and eastwards. Whereby it appeareth that
this part of Chili hath not been truly hitherto discovered,

7 In this storm the Marigold went down with all hands.

8 The Elizabeth. Winter, having lost sight of the Admiral, sailed home.
I The Golden Hind was thus left to pursue her voyage alone.


or at the least not truly reported, for the space of twelve
degrees at the least; being set down either of purpose to
deceive, or of ignorant conjecture.

We continuing our course, fell the 29. of November with
an island called La Mocha, where we cast anchor; and our
General, hoisting out our boat, went with ten of our com-
pany to shore. Where we found people, whom the cruel and
extreme dealings of the Spaniards have forced, for their
own safety and liberty, to flee from the main, and to fortify
themselves in this island. We being on land, the people came
down to us to the water side with show of great courtesy,
bringing to us potatoes, roots, and two very fat sheep ; which
our General received, and gave them other things for them,
and had promised to have water there. But the next day
repairing again to the shore, and sending two men a-land
with barrels to fill water, the people taking them for Span-
iards (to whom they use to show no favour if they take
them) laid violent hands on them, and, as we think, slew
them. Our General seeing this, stayed here no longer, but
weighed anchor, and set sail towards the coast of Chili. And
drawing towards it, we met near to the shore an Indian in
a canoa, who thinking us to have been Spaniards, came to
us and told us, that at a place called Santiago, there was a
great Spanish ship laden from the kingdom of Peru; for
which good news our General gave him divers trifles.
Whereof he was glad, and went along with us and brought
us to the place, which is called the port of Valparaiso. When
we came thither we found, indeed, the ship riding at anchor,
having in her eight Spaniards and three negroes; who,
thinking us to have been Spaniards, and their friends,
welcomed us with a drum, and made ready a botija* of wine
of Chili to drink to us. But as soon as we were entered, one
of our company called Thomas Moon began to lay about him,
and struck one of the Spaniards, and said unto him, Abaxo,
perro! that is in English. 'Go down, dog!' One of these
Spaniards, seeing persons of that quality in those seas, all
to crossed and blessed himself. But, to be short, we stowed
them under hatches, all save one Spaniard, who suddenly
and desperately leapt overboard into the sea, and swam



ashore to the town of Santiago, to give them warning of
our arrival.

They of the town, being not above nine households,
presently fled away and abandoned the town. Our General
manned his boat and the Spanish ship's boat, and went to
the town; and, being come to it, we rifled it, and came to a
small chapel, which we entered, and found therein a silver
chalice, two cruets, and one altar-cloth, the spoil whereof our
General gave to Master Fletcher, his minister. We found
also in this town a warehouse stored with wine of Chili and
many boards of cedar-wood; all which wine we brought away
with us, and certain of the boards to burn for firewood.
And so, being come aboard, we departed the haven, having
first set all the Spaniards on land, saving one John Griego,
a Greek born, whom our General carried with him as pilot
to bring him into the haven of Lima.

When we were at sea our General rifled the ship, and
found in her good store of the wine of Chili, and 25,000
pesos of very pure and fine gold of Valdivia, amounting in
value to 37,000 ducats of Spanish money, and above. So,
going on our course, we arrived next at a place called
Coqaimbo, where our General sent fourteen of his men on
land to fetch water. But they were espied by the Spaniards,
who came with 300 horsemen and 200 footmen, and slew one
of our men with a piece. The rest came aboard in safety,
and the Spaniards departed. We went on shore again and
buried our man, and the Spaniards came down again with a
flag of truce; but we set sail, and would not trust them.
From hence we went to a certain port called Tarapaca;
where, being landed, we found by the sea side a Spaniard
lying asleep, who had lying by him thirteen bars of silver,
which weighed 4,000 ducats Spanish. We took the silver
and left the man. Not far from hence, going on land for
fresh water, we met with a Spaniard and an Indian boy
driving eight llamas or sheep of Peru, which are as big as
asses; every of which sheep had on his back two bags of
leather, each bag containing 50 lb. weight of fine silver. So
that, bringing both the sheep and their burthen to the ships,
we found in all the bags eight hundred weight of silver.

Herehence we sailed to a place called Arica; and, being


entered the port, we found there three small barks, which we
rifled, and found in one of them fifty-seven wedges of silver,
each of them weighing about 20 lb. weight, and every of
these wedges were of the fashion and bigness of a brickbat.
In all these three barks, we found not one person. For
they, mistrusting no strangers, were all gone a-land to the
town, which consisteth of about twenty houses; which we
would have ransacked if our company had been better and
more in number. But our General, contented with the spoil
of the ships, left the town and put off again to sea, and set
sail for Lima, and, by the way, met with a small bark, which
he boarded, and found in her good store of linen cloth.
Whereof taking some quantity, he let her go.

To Lima we came the 13. of February; and, being entered
the haven, we found there about twelve sail of ships lying
fast moored at an anchor, having all their sails carried on
shore; for the masters and merchants were here most se-
cure, having never been assaulted by enemies, and at this
time feared the approach of none such as we were. Our
General rifled these ships, and found in one of them a chest
full of reals of plate, and good store of silks and linen
cloth; and took the chest into his own ship, and good store
of the silks and linen. In which ship he had news of another
ship called the Cacafuego, 10 which was gone towards Payta,
and that the same ship was laden with treasure. Where-
upon we stayed no longer here, but, cutting all the cables
of the ships in the haven, we let them drive whither they
would, either to sea or to the shore; and with all speed we
followed the Cacafuego toward Payta, thinking there to have
found her. But before we arrived there she was gone from
thence towards Panama; whom our General still pursued,
and by the way met with a bark laden with ropes and tackle
for ships, which he boarded and searched, and found in her
80 lb. weight of gold, and a crucifix of gold with goodly
great emeralds set in it, which he took, and some of the
cordage also for his own ship. From hence we departed,

Online LibraryHerodotusVoyages and travels; ancient and modern → online text (page 19 of 35)