Historical Society of Southern California.

Annual publication of the Historical Society of Southern California and of the Pioneers of Los Angeles County (Volume yr.1902-1904) online

. (page 5 of 29)
Online LibraryHistorical Society of Southern CaliforniaAnnual publication of the Historical Society of Southern California and of the Pioneers of Los Angeles County (Volume yr.1902-1904) → online text (page 5 of 29)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

thither, and here it was, surrounded by a family of nearly four
hundred orphans, that Sister Scholastica, whose Hfe was all gen-
tleness and peace even in the midst of trials, folded her willing
hands in her last long sleep. She had lobored long and with
steadfast purpose, each day found her the same, faithful in all
things, ever kind, ever courageous. W^hen her body failed
through age, she, whose life had been so pure and undeviating,
knew no physical ailment. She was just tired, she said, and un-
complainingly bore the gradual ebbing of her strength. Of the
band whose leader she was, but two survive her, Sister Ann, now
at Emmitsburg, and Sisters Angelita, at present in El Paso,

Sister Scholastica's eulogy I cannot pronounce, for that can be
justly given only where she now receives her "hundred fold."

Pioneers of Los Angeles


Wm. H. WorkmaNj
J. Frank Burns,
Louis Roeder,
Mathew Teed,

board of directors.

J. M. GuiNN,

Mrs. M.\ry Franklin,

J. W. Gillette.


J. Frank Burns President

Mrs. Mary Franklin First Vice-President

J. W. Gillette Second Vice-President

Louis Roeder Treasurer

J. M. Guinn Secretary

M. Teed,

J. W. Gillette,

committee on membership.


W. H. Workman,
J AS. F. Ward,


J. A. Barrows.

Louis Roeder,
Dr. K. D. Wise,
H. W. Stoll,

committee on programme.

Mrs. J. G. Newell,
Mrs. Virginia W. Davis,
Mrs. J. L. Slaughter,

J. W. Gillette,
C, N. Wilson,
J. M, Stewart,

committee on good of the society.

R. R. Haines,
S. B. Smith,

Mrs. K. D. Wise,
S. H. Butterfield,
E. K. Green,
M. F. Quinn,

committee on entertainment.

Mrs. Dora Bilderbeck,
W. H. Workman,
J. L. Slaughter,




This society shall be known as The Pioneers of Los Angeles
County. Its objects are to cultivate social intercourse and
friendship among its members and to collect and preserve the
early history of Los Angeles county, and to perpetuate the
memory of those who, by their honorable labors and heroism,
helped to make that history.


All persons of good moral character, thirty-five years of age
or over, who, at the date of their application, shall have resided
at least twenty-five years in Los Angeles county, shall be eligi-
ble to membership; and also all persons of good moral char-
acter fifty years of age or over, who have resided in the State
forty years and in the country ten years previous to their appli-
cation, shall be eligible to become members. Persons born in
this State are not eligible to membership, but those admitted
before the adoption of this amendment shall retain their mem-
bership. (Amended September 4, 1900.)


The officers of this society shall consist of a board of seven
directors, to be elected annually at the annual meeting, by the
members of the society. Said directors when elected shall
choose a president, a first vice-president, a second vice-presi-
dent, a secretary and a treasurer. The secretary and treasurer
may be elected from the members outside the Board of Di-


The annual meeting of this society shall be held on the first
Tuesday of September. The anniversary of the founding of
the society shall be the fourth day of September, that being the
anniversary of the first civic settlement in the southern portion


of Alta California, to wit: the founding of the Pueblo of Los
Angeles, September 4, 1781.


Members guilty of misconduct may, upon conviction after
proper investigation has been held, be expelled, suspended, fined
or reprimanded by a vote of two-thirds of the members present
at any stated meeting; provided, notice shall have been given to
the society at least one month prior to such intended action.
Any officer of this society may be removed by the Board of
Directors for cause; provided, that such removal shall not be-
come permanent or final until approved by a majority of mem-
bers of the society present at a stated meeting and voting.


Amendments to this constitution may be made by submit-
ting the same in writing to the society at least one month prior
to the annual meeting. At said annual meeting said proposed
amendments shall be submitted to a vote of the society. And
if two-thirds of all the members present and voting shall vote
in favor of adopting said amendments, then they shall be de-
clared adopted. (Amended September 4. 1900.)



[Adopted September 4, 1897; amended June 4, 1901.]

Section i. Applicants for membership in this society
shall be recommended by at least two members in good stand-
ing. The applicant shall give his or her full name, age, birth-
place, present residence, occupation, date of his or her arrival
in the State and in Los Angeles county. The application must
be accompanied by the admission fee of one dollar, which shall
also be payment in full for dues until the next annual meeting.

Section 2. Applications for admission to membership in
the society shall be referred to the committee on membership,
for investigation, and reported on at the next regular meeting
of the society. If the report is favorable, a ballot shall be taken
for the election of the candidate. Three negative votes shall
cause the rejection of the applicant.


Section 3. Each person, on admission to membership,
shall sign the Constitution and By-Laws.

Section 4. Any person eligible to membership may be
elected a life member of this society on the payment to the
treasurer of $25. Life members shall enjoy all the privileges
of active members, but shall not be required to pay annual dues.

Section 5. A member may withdraw from the society by
giving notice to the society of his desire to do so, and paying-
all dues charged against him up to the date of his withdrawal.


Section 6. The annual dues of each member (except life
members) shall be one dollar, payable in advance, at the annual
meeting in September.

Section 7. Any member delinquent one year in dues shall
be notified by the secretary of said delinquency, and unless said
dues are paid within one month after said notice is given, then
said member shall stand suspended from the society. A mem-
ber may be reinstated on payment of all dues owing at the date
of his suspension.


Section 8. The president shall preside, preserve order and
decorum during the meetings and see that the Constitution and
By-Law;s and rules of the society are properly enforced; appoint
all committees not otherwise provided for; fill all vacancies tem-
porarily for the meeting. The president shall have power to
suspend any officer or member for cause, subject to the action
of the society at the next meeting.

Section 9. In the absence of the president, one of the vice-
presidents shall preside, with the same power as the president,
and if no president or vice-president be present, the society shall
elect any member to preside temporarily.

Section 10. The secretary shall keep a true record of all
the members of the society; and upon the death of a member
(when he shall have notice of such death) shall have published
in two daily papers of Los Angeles the time and place of the
funeral; and, in conjunction with the president and other offi-
cers and members of the society, shall make such arrangements
with the approval of the relatives of the deceased as may be
necessary for the funeral of the deceased member. The secre-
tary shall collect all dues, giving his receipt therefor; and he


shall turn over to the treasurer all moneys collected, taking his
receipt for the same.

He shall make a full report at the annual meeting, setting
forth the condition of the society, its membership, receipts,
disbursements, etc.

He shall receive for his services such compensation as the
Board of Directors may allow.

Section ii. The treasurer shall receive from the secretary
all moneys paid to the society and give his receipt for the same,
and shall pay out the money only upon the order of the society
upon a warrant signed by the secretary and president, and at the
end of his term shall pay over to his successor all moneys
remaining in his hands, and render a true and itemized account
to the society of all moneys received and paid out during his
term of office.

Section 12. It shall be the duty of the finance committee
to examine the books of the secretary and treasurer and any
other accounts of the society that may be referred to them, and
report the same to the society.


Section 13. The president, vice-presidents, secretary and
treasurer shall constitute a relief committee, whose duty it shall
be to see that sick or destitute members are properly cared for.
In case of emergency, the committee shall be empowered to ex-
pend for immediate relief an amount from the funds of the so-
ciety not to exceed $20, without a vote of the society. Such
expenditure, with a statement of the case and the necessity for
the expenditure shall be made to the society at its next regular

Section 14. At the first meeting after the annual meeting
each year, the president shall appoint the following standing
commtitees: Three on membership; three on finance; five on
program; five on music; five on general good of the society, and
seven on entertainment.


Section 15. Whenever a vacancy in any office of this so-
ciety occurs, it shall be filled by election for the unexpired

Section 16. The stated meetings of this society shall be


held on the first Tuesday of each month, and the annual meet-
ing shall be held the first Tuesday of September. Special meet-
ings may be called by the president or by a majority of the
Board of Directors, but no business shall be transacted at such
special meetings except that specified in the call.

Section 17. These By-Laws and Rules may be temporarily
suspended at any regular meeting of the society by unanimous
vote of the members present.

Section 18. Whenever the Board of Directors shall be
satisfied that any worthy member of this society is unable, for
the time being, to pay the annual dues as hereinbefore pre-
scribed, it shall have power to remit the same.

Section 19. Changes and amendments of these By-Laws
and Rules may be made by submitting the same in writing to
the society at a stated meeting. Said amendment shall be read
at two stated meetings before it is submitted to a vote of the
society. If said amendment shall receive two-thirds of the
votes of all the members present and voting, then it shall be
declared adopted.



Reading minutes of previous meeting.

Reports of committee on membership.

Election of new members.
Reading of applications for membership.


Reminiscences, lectures, addresses, etc.

Music or recitations.

Recess of 10 minutes for payment of dues.

Unfinished business.

New business.

Reports of committees.

Election of officers at the annual meeting or to fill vacancies.


Is any member in need of assistance?

Good of the society.

Receipts of the evening.




(Read before Historical Society, 1887. Read before Pioneer
Society, 1902.) ^

Tlie writer has witnessed forty celebrations of the 4th of July
in this city, commencing with 1847, when he read the Declara-
tion of Independence on Fort Hill, in Spanish, for the infor-
mation of our newly-made fellow-citizens, who spoke only the
Castilian tongue. As I marched in the procession the other
day (July 4, 1887), I recalled the appearance of the city when
I first knew it, so widely different from the present.

The outbreak of the Mexican War (May, 1846) found the
writer at Oposura, Sonora, which place he reached December,
1845 o^ his way to California, by the way of Santa Fe and El
Paso, from Missouri. The first news we had of the war was
of the capture of Capt. Thornton's command of U. S. Dragoons
by the Mexican cavalry, on the Rio Grande, and the people
rang the bells for joy. But shortly after, we got the news of
the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, and they did
not ring the bells then.

In June, 1846. arrived at Oposura, a small party of Ameri-
cans headed by James Kennedy, a machinist from Lowell,
Mass., who with his wife had come around Cape Horn, three
years before, to the cotton manufactory at Horcasitas, Sonora;
the husband to superintend the machinery, and the wife to
teach the Mexican girls the management of the looms and spin-
dles. As there was no chance to leave by sea, Kennedy had
made up a party to see him safe through the Apache range to
Santa Fe, where he expected to secure passage in the traders'
wagons across the plains to Missouri, and I accompanied him;
and after a hard, hot trip, we reached Santa Fe safely in J^ly.

August 18, 1846. I witnessed the entry of the American
army, under General Kearney, into Santa Fe.

In 1845, the Mormons were driven out of Nauvoo. 111., and,
under the leadership of Brigham Young, took up their march


westwardly. Their first intention was to reach California, then
occupied by a sparse Mexican population and a few hundred
American emigrants. They stopped one season at Council
Bluffs, to raise a crop and procure means for further progress.
When the call was made for volunteers in Missouri, for service
in New Mexico and Cahfornia, none were willing to enlist as
infantry, to make such long marches afoot, and Capt. James
Allen, of the First U. S. Dragoons, was sent to Council Blufifs
to try and raise a battalion of infantry, enlisted for twelve
months, to be discharged in California. The order was given
by Brigham, and within forty-eight hours five full companies
(500 men) were raised and on their march to Fort Leavenworth.
The conditions were, that they were to choose their company
ofBcers, but were to be commanded by an ofificer of the regu-
lar army, and were to receive army clothing at Fort Leaven-
worth. The Missouri troops furnished their ow:n clothing, for
which the Government paid each man $29.50 a year.

So they started on their long march with their poorest
clothing. When they reached the Fort they learned that the
steamboat bringing their clothing and percussion muskets had
been snagged in the Missouri, and everything was lost. Their
commander, Capt. Allen, was taken sick and died. He had
their confidence, and they objected to serving under another
commander, and to start for California without the promised
clothing; but the order was imperative to march, and the cloth-
ing could not be replaced in less than a month. So they sent
to Brigham for advice, and he ordered them to push on, even
if they had to reach California barefooted and in their shirt-
tails. So, flint-lock muskets, of the pattern of 1820, were fur-
nished them, and they reached Santa Fe under the command
of Lieut. A. J. Smith, of the First Dragoons — the Maj. Gen.
A. J. Smith of the Civil War. On their arrival at Santa Fe,
Gen. Hearney ordered Capt. Cooke, of the ist Dragoons,
to command them, and Lieut. Smith went with them to Califor-
nia, to rejoin his company which had started a month before
with Gen. Kearney. Lieut, (now Gov.) Stoneman, who had
just graduated at W^est Point, also went with them.

Gen. Kearney had started with six companies of dragoons,
but on the Rio Grande he met Kit Carson with dispatches
for Washington, From Com. Stockton, announcing that Cal-
fornia had been taken possesion of, without resistance. So
Kearney only took two companies, mounted on mules, with
pack mules to convey their provisions, by way of the Gila River.


At Santa Fe mules were scarce, and money scarcer with the
quartermaster, who also had to provide transportation for the
1st Missouri Cavarly, under Col. Doniphan, then starting on
their famous march through Northern Mexico to Camargo,
where their period of enlistment expired. But seventeen 6-
mule teams, hauling sixty days' rations, could be spared for
Cooke's command, and no' wagon had ever crossed from the
Rio Grande to California; so, a road had to be found and made
as they went, after leaving the Rio Grande.

Kit Carson had accompanied Kearney as guide, and Pauline
Weaver, the pioneer of Arizona, who had come with Carson
from California, awaited Cooke. Five new Mexican guides
were hired, all under command of Joaquin Leroux, an old
trapper, who had trapped on every stream from the Yellowstone
to the Gila.

I was then clerking in a store, waiting for something to turn
up, when I was informed that an interpreter was wanted to ac-
company Cooke to California, and I went to Capt. McCusick,
the quartermaster, with my recommendations. Enoch Barnes,
who was killed in a drunken brawl at the Ballona, in this county,
some twenty years ago, who drove a wagon across the plains in
1845, ir^ the same caravan as myself, was also an applicant.
McCusick was a prompt, stern man, and the competitive exami-
nation of the Yale graduate and the Missouri mule-whacker was
short, and turned on transportation and money. I had a good
mule, rif^e and blanket, and as to money, I could wait until
Uncle Sam was able to pay me, as long as my wages were run-
ning on and I got my rations. Barnes was just ofif a spree,
in which he had drank and gambled of¥ all his money, and
pawned his fifle, and it would have cost $100 to fit him out.
So I won the appointment, and the contract was quickly drawn,
that for $75 a month and rations I was to serve as interpreter
to California, furnish my own animal, clothing and arms. The
contract was made October, 1846, and I served under it until
May 17th, 1849, when the people of Los Angeles selected their
Ayuntamiento, and the garrison evacuated the place, and the
last seventeen months of my term I also acted as ist Alcalde
of the district of Los Angeles, without any extra compensation.
On leaving the Rio Grande, I volunteered to join the guides.
as there was nothing for me to do in camp, and we did not ex-
pect to pass through any Mexican settlements until we reached
the Pima villages, on the Gila. Leroux's party, ten in number,
started ahead, with six days' rations, on our riding animals, to


find a practicable route for wagons, and wood, and water, at
such intervals as infantry could march — fifteen to twenty miles
a day, in one case forty miles, between camps; one man to be
sent back from each watering place to guide the command until
our rations were expended, and then all to return to the com-
mand. We thus found our way by the Guadalupe Canyon and
San Pedro River to Tucson, from which place there was a trail
to the Pima villages, and from there to California. Weaver had
just come over the road, and there was no difificulty in finding
our way. We ate our last flour, bacon, sugar and coffee by
January 14th, 1847, on the desert, between the Colorado and
Warner's Pass. A supply of beef cattle met us at Carrizo Creek,
on the west side of the desert, and we lived on beef alone until
April, 1847, when supplies, brought from New York on the
ships that brought Col. Stevenson's regiment, reached us at
Los Angeles. At Gila Bend, we met two Mexicans, who told
us of the outbreak that took place in Los Angeles, September,
1846; and at Indian Wells, on the desert, we met Leroux, who,
with most of the guides, had been sent ahead from Gila Bend,
to get assistance from the San Luis Indians, who had declared
for the Americans, and held all the ranches on the frontier;
and he brought the news that Stockton and Kearney had
marched from San Diego to retake Los Angeles. We pushed
on by forced marches toward Los Angeles, and at Temecula
received a letter, stating that Los Angeles was taken, that
Kearney and Stockton had quarrelled about who was to com-
mand, and that Kearney had returned with his dragoons to San
Diego, to which place we were ordered to proceed. Arriving
there, together with the dragoons, we were ordered to San Luis
Rey, where, from the Rancho of Santa Margarita, we procured
beef, soap and candles, the only articles of rations the country
could furnish. In a few days, fifty of the men were attacked
with dysentery, and the surgeon said breadstuff of any kind
would be of more use to check the disease than all his medicine.
So the commissary and myself were ordered to Los Angeles,
to try and get some flour. We found the town garrisoned by
Fremont's Battalion, about 400 strong. They, too, had noth-
ing but beef served out to them, but as the people had corn and
beans for their own use, and by happening around at the houses
about meal-time, they could occasionally get a square meal of
tortillas y frijoles. Here we met Louis Roubideau, of the Ju-
rupa Ranch, who said he could spare us some 2,000 or 3,000
pounds of wheat, which we could grind at a little mill he had


on the Santa Ana River. So, on our return, two wagons were
sent to Jiurupa, and they brought 1,700 pounds of unbolted
wheat flour and two sacks of beans, a small supply for 400 men.
I then messed with one of the captains, and we all agreed that
it was the sweetest bread we ever tasted.

March 12th, 1847, we received important news in six weeks
from Washington, overland. Stockton and Kearney had been
relieved, and ordered East, and Com. Shubrick and Col. R. B.
Mason were to take their places, and the military to command
on land, and what was of far more interest to us, that Steven-
son's ships were daily expected at San Francisco, and that we
should soon have bread, sugar and coffee again, and we were
ordered to Los Angeles to relieve Fremont's Battalion. So,
with beautiful weather, and in the best of spirits, we began our
march to the city of the Angels. Our last day's march was
only ten miles, and we camped on the San Gabriel, at the Pico
crossing, early, and all hands were soon busy preparing for
the grand entree on the morrow. Those who had a shirt —
and they were a minority — could be seen washing them, some
bathing, some mending their ragged clothes, and as there was
plenty of sand, all scouring their .muskets till they shone again.
We made an early start the next morning, and when we forded
the Los Angeles River, at Old Aliso, now Macey street, there
was not a single straggler behind. The order of march was,
the dragoons in front. They had left Missouri before receiving
their annual supply of clothing, and they presented a most
dilapidated appearance, but their tattered caps and jackets gave
them a somewhat soldierly appearance. They had burned their
saddles and bridles after the fight at San Pascual, but a full
supply of horses to remount them had been purchased of the
late Don Juan Forster, and all the Mexican saddlers and black-
smiths in the country had been kept busy making saddles,
bridles and spurs for them. Their officers were Capt. A. J.
Smith, 1st Lieut. J. B. Davidson, 2nd Lieut. George Stoneman;
then came four companies of the Iowa Infantry, Company B'
having been left to garrison San Diego. In all we numbered'
300 muskets and 80 sabres. The line of march was by Aliso-
and Arcadia streets, to Main, and down Main to the Govern-
ment House, where the St. Charles now stands, where the dra-
goons dismounted and took up their quarters. The infantry
turned out of Main street past the house of John Temple, now
Downey Block, and pitched their tents in the rear, where they-
remained until they were mustered out, June, 1847.


I have described the appearance of the dragoons, but can-
not do justice to the infantry, only by saying it was Falstaff's
ragged company multipHed by ten. The officers had managed
to have each a decent suit of clothes, but they brought out in
stronger contrast the rags of the rank and file. On Los An-
geles street were some 300 or 400 Indians, the laborers in the
vineyards, who had taken a holiday to witness our entry, while
a group of about 100 women, with their heads covered by their
rebosos, who had met at the funeral of the mother of the late
Don Tomas Sanchez, ex-Sheriff of the county, stood looking
at the ragged gringos as they marched by. On Main street
were some thirty or forty Californians, well dressed in their
short jackets and breeches with silver buttons, open at the sides

Online LibraryHistorical Society of Southern CaliforniaAnnual publication of the Historical Society of Southern California and of the Pioneers of Los Angeles County (Volume yr.1902-1904) → online text (page 5 of 29)