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is general throughout the state.

The recommendatons of former years regarding house
to house inspecton and the sanitary conditions of Hillside
Hospital are again presented for consideration.

In conclusion I desire to thank the members of the
Board for their courtesy and co-operation.

Respectfully submitted,

F. L. AVERY,
Inspector of Plumbing.



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Report of the Board of Plumbing
Examiners,



To the Board of Health.

Gentlemen: — The report of the Board of Plumbing
Examiners for the fiscal year ending November 30, 1907, is
hereby respectfully submitted:

Number of applications for master plumbers' exam-
inations 1

Number of applications for journeyman plumbers' ex-
aminations 4

Number of applicants recommended to the Board of
Health as qualified to receive a journeyman
plumber's license 4

Number of applicants recommended to the Board of
Health as qualified to receive an employing plumb-
er's license

Number of applicants recommended to the Board of
Health as qualified to receive a master plumber's
license 1

Respectfully submitted,

A. B. WETHERELL, M. 1).
JAMES L. TIGHE, City Engineer.
MARTIN F. BOWE, Practical Plumber.
Attest : Secretary.



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Report of the Inspector of Milk,
Vinegar and Petroleum.



To the Honorable, the Mayor, and Board of Aldermen.

Gentlemen: — I have the honor to submit the following
report as Inspector of Milk, Vinegar and Petroleum for the
City of Holyoke for the year ending November 30, 190 7 .

MILK.

Total number of licenses granted 214

Total number granted to peddlers 113

Number granted to stores and stands 83

Number granted for sale of oleomargarine 18

I have paid into the city treasury as fees received $107.66

Money received for distilled water $7.40

Number of quarts of sweet milk sold in the city

daily is 21,220

Number of quarts of skimmed milk sold daily is. . 1,960

Number of quarts of cream sold daily is 600

Making the total number of quarts of sweet milk 7,745.-
400, of skimmed milk 715,400, and of cream 219,000, sold in
the past year, which at the retail value of milk and cream
as sold in this city amounts to $808,628.

Number of milk samples tested 2,177

Number of butter samples tested 4

Number of vinegar samples tested 97

Number of kerosene oil samples tested 73

Number of warnings sent, milk 42

Stores and stands inspected 231

Farms and dairies inspected 153



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REPORT OF BOARD OF HEALTH 235

The quality of milk furnished by the peddlers and deal-
ers of this city is very good as is shown by having to send
but 42 warnngs for having milk below the standard from
2,177 samples tested. There were no prosecutions.

The carts and other vehicles, with tjie exception of some
carrying old and rusty cans, were in good condition in most
cases.

The carrying of swill and other objectionable things has
been stopped. Have found no wooden plugs this year.

The way milk is handled in most of the stores and mar-
kets is not as it should be. Milk in cans should be kept in
a place by itself, with the cover on and the measure and
mixer kept perfectly clean.

During November and December, 1906, I went with Dr.
Rose of the State Board of Health to all the farms and dair-
ies that supply the milk that is consumed in this city and
about 150 places were visited; of these, 132 received notice
from the State Board of Health to make certain changes and
improvements in their barns, dairies, care of cows, method
of handing the milk, etc. Those that I have been to since
have for the most part complied with the recommendations
of the Board.

The barns and premises in a few cases were positively
filthy and unsanitary; their continuing so would have shut
them out of this market for their milk. The barns and
dairies in Holyoke were found in much better condition than
those in other towns. The inspection of the farms and
dairies will be continued and all who do not comply with
the regulations will have to keep their mlk or dispose of it
in some other way. The price of milk has been advanced
from 6 to 7 cents the quart, and with reason, with the price
of all feed much higher (in some cases double) than it used
to be, the almost impossibility to get good help on the farms
and the enforcement of the laws relating to the sanitary
producing and handling of milk, makes the advance im-
perative.



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236 REPORT OF BOARD OF HEALTH

VINEGAR.

I have tested 97 samples of vinegar and only 3 were
below the standard, these were brought in by parties who
wished to find out if they were right to sell. All were much
below the standard, so they were not put on sale.

OLEOMARGARINE.

I have issued 1 peddler's and 17 store licenses for the
sale of oleomargarine. The high price of butter the past
year has caused a great increase in the use of oleomargarine.
Of the 4 samples brought in to me. 3 were oleomargarne
and 1 butter.

The State Dairy Bureau has prosecuted several parties
here for selling oleomargarine for butter; in each case a
fine was imposed.

PETROLEUM.

The 73 tank cars of kerosene oil I have tested have all
been above the State standard.

I have had great assistance from the Health Officer and
the Board of Health, also my Collector of Samples.

1 thank the City Marshal and the patrolmen for the
help that they have given me.

Respectfully submitted
JAMES K. MORRILL.

Inspector of Milk.



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Report of Bacteriologist.



To the Board of Health.

Gentlemen: — I have the honor to submit the following
report for the year ending November 30, 1907.

In addition to the bacteriological examinations for the
presence of diphtheria germs in suspected cases of diphthe-
ria, I have during the past year made examinations of spu-
tum for the presence of the germ of tuberculosis, and also
examinations of samples of blood from persons suspected of
having typhoid fever. For this new work I have furnished
wide-mouth glass cork-stoppered sputum bottles in suitable
cases, to be used in collecting samples of sputum. The tests of
blood to determine the presence of typhoid fever in suspected
cases are made with a drop of blood from the patient. This
drop of blood is diluted at the laboratory and is used in con-
junction with a drop of a culture of typhoid organisms.
For the purpose of obtaining a sample of blood wooden
cases are provided containing a clean needle, a wire loop
and a glass slide upon which the blood is collected. In
addition to notifying the Board of Health every morning
of the results of the various tests, postal cards stating the
results of the tests have been sent to every phvsician who
had submitted material for examination.

There have been referred to me for examination for
diphtheria 338 cases and a total of M6 cultures have been
examined.

There are three factors connected with the bacterio-
logical diagnosis of diphtheria that should be emphasized,
namely : —

1. Laryngeal cases may not show the organisms in
the throat unless the throat is also affected.



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23*



REPORT OF BOARD OF HEALTH



2. In cases that are clinically diphtheria but in which
diphtheria germs are not found more than one culture for
diagnosis should be obtained, — but the giving of anti-toxin
should not be delayed in any suspicious ease.

3. Care should be exercised in taking the swab to see
that the mouth is free from food and antiseptic applications.

The following tables show the monthly detail work and
the results:



TABLE A.
EXAMINATIONS FOR TVPHOID FEVER.

Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. T't'l

Positive 000000000
Negative 00202101
Totals 000202101
Total examinations for typhoid fever. 8.



1





1





1


7


1


1


8



TABLE B.
EXAMINATIONS FOR TUBERCULOSIS.

Jan. Feb, Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. T't'l

Positive 00015312132 18

Negative 1 4 2 2 3 4 o 1 2 5 2 31

Totals 1 4 2 3 8 7 6 3 3 8 4 49
Total examinations for tuberculosis, 49.







TABLE C










Months




Diagnosis
Positive


Diagnosis
Negative


Release
Positive


Release
Negative


Total
Cue.


Total
Cultures


December,


1906,


6


12





3


21


38


January, 1907


4


8





2


14


19


February,




6


8








14


21


March




10


8








18


36


April




17


12








29


50


May




10


5





2


17


35


June




9


14


1


2


26


46


July




14


4


1


1


20


31



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REPORT OF BOARD OF HEALTH



239



August


19


12


1





32


55


.September


20


16


1


3


40


65


October


30


21


1


7


59


99


November


25


15


4


4


48


91



170 135 9 24 338 586

Total eases examined 338

Total cultures examined 586

Total number of exminations 643

Respectfully submitted,

HERBERT C. EMERSON,

Bacteriologist.

December 5, 1907, Springfield, Mass.



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REPORT OF

BOARD OF ASSESSORS.



To the Honorable, the Mayor, and Board of Aldermen.

Gentlemen: — In accordance with the requirements of
the existing ordinance, the Board of Assessors respectfully
submit the following report for the fiscal year ending De-
cember 1st, 1907:

Appropriation $6,800.00

EXPENDITURES.

Assessors' salaries $3,700.00

Assistant assessor's salary 1,000.00

Clerk 250.00

Printing street lists, etc 864.75

Books, stationery, etc \ 93.10

Looking up records Boston, Spring-
field, etc 179.40

Assistants taking polls 400.25

Telephone 75.00

Postage ; 7.26

Advertising : 50.31

Team hire 38.50

Card index system 96.98

. Street car books 30.00

Miscellaneous 14.45

$6,800.00



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242 REPORT OF THE BOARD OF ASSESSORS

TAX WARRANTS.

A State Warrant as fixed by Chapter * 562,
Acts of 1907, to wit: Four Million Dol-
lars $50,800.00

A Warrant for the proportion of the City of
Holyoke of a County tax, as per Chapter
54, Acts of 1907, to wit: One Hundred
Eighty-Four Thousand Two Hundred Dol-
lars 45,530.20

A Warrant in pursuance of the provisions of
Sections 107 to 112 both inclusive of Chap-
ter 465 of the Acts of 1905 entitled "An
Act relative to the Militia" 3,230.81

A City Warrant for the Taxes of the City of
Holyoke for City purposes, as fixed by Sec-
tion 35, Chapter 12, of the Revised Laws 670,678.00

An Overlay on above amounts 17.031.25

Aggregate of Warrants committed to Board

of Assessors $787,270 26



POLLS.

The Polls recorded for assessment before July
26th, included in the estimate which de-
termined the tax rate for the current year,
were 13.228

lender the operation of the Law providing for
the supplementary assessment of omitted
male persons, determined by the Regis-
trars of Voters to be liable for assessment,
under Chapter 11, Section 19 of the Re-
vised Laws,

Were added to the List 139

Making the number of polls assessed 13,367

A gain over last year of 353



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REPORT OF THE BOARD OF ASSESSORS 243

VALUATION.

The valuation of the City of Holyoke as of May 1st,
1907, determined by the Assessors July 26th of that year,
when the rate of taxation was fixed, is as follows:

Value of Land $15,456,380

Value of Buildings 18,194,860

Total value of Real Estate $33,651,240

PERSONAL PROPERTY.

Value of personal property other than bank

stock $10,605,310

Value of shares of National banks located in

Holyoke and taxable locally 497,230

Total value of Personal Estate $11,102,540

Total valuation of the City upon which taxes

were assessed for the financial year were $44,753,780

The rate of taxation was made $17.00 per thousand of
the valuation of real and personal property, subject to taxa-
tion under Chapter 12 of the Revised Laws.

The valuation can be further increased $147,240 for
bank stock assessed at the several rates and places where
the banks are located, as the taxes are paid to Holyoke as
assessment upon this class of property held by its citizens
in Massachusetts banks located outside of Holyoke.

The valuation of personal property is further increased
in addition to the amount given in the foregoing table, by
the value assessed by the Commonwealth upon shares of
Massachusetts corporations, including also proportionate
part of Street Railway tax, measured as per Section 37,
Chapter 14, of the Revised Laws, all of which is the prop-
erty of the residents of the City of Holyoke, $3,541,950.



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244 REPORT OF THE BOARD OF ASSESSORS

As the revenue from these two sources is always esti-
mated before the amount to be raised by taxation is deter-
mined, the effect of valuation on this property in reducing
the rate of taxation is really the same as though its amount
was included in the Assessors' valuation, and assessed by
them.

The increase in valuation over 1906 is as follows :

Real Estate $1,543,700

Personal Estate 166,280

Total increase $1,709,980

EXEMPTED PROPERTY.

Property exempt from taxation under Section 5, Chap-
ter 12, of the Revised Laws, is as follows:

United States $126,540

City of Holyoke 3,050.265

Houses of Religious Worship 883,020

Benevolent and Charitable Societies 520,080

Literary Societies 425,300

Temperance Societies 49,450

Soldiers and Sailors under Chapter 315, .Sec-
tions 1-2, Acts of 1906 30,700

Total value of exempted property $5,085,355

VALUATIONS.

Real and Personal Estate by Assessors' gen-
eral assessment $44,753,780

Massachusetts Corporation stock (assessed by

State) tax paid to the City of Holyoke.. 3,541.950

Massachusetts National Bank shares (assessed

by State) tax paid to the City of Holyoke 147,240

Total tax valuation $48,442,970



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REPORT OF THE BOARD OF ASSESSORS 245

VALUATION OP EXEMPTED PROPERTY.

Real Estate of the United States $126,540

City of Holyoke 3,050,265

Benevolent and Charitable Societies 520,080

Houses of Religious Worship 883,020

Literary Societies 445,300

Temperance Societies 49,450

Soldiers and Sailors under Chapter 315, Sec-
tions 1-2, Acts of 1906 30,700

Total valuation of exempted property $5,085,355

Total valuation as of May 1, 1907 $53,528,325

The Assessors on October 19th of the current year as-
sessed the Holyoke Street Railway Company an excise tax
of $3,490.36 in accordance with Section 44, Chapter 14, of
the Revised Law, and executed and delivered a warrant to
Thomas F. McCabe to collect the same in accordance with
the above Chapter, rate of levying being $6,778.04 per mile
for 19 541-1000 miles or 2 per cent on $174,518.00.



STATISTICS.

Number of property polls 1,735

Number of single polls 11,493

Number of supplementary polls 139

Number of property owners 3,72.3

Number of horses 1,404

Number of cows 463

Number of neat cattle 117

Number of swine 38

Number of dwellings 4,827

Number of fowl 1 ,487



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246 REPORT OF THE BOARD OF ASSESSORS

PROPORTION OP TAX RATE.

State, per thousand ^ $ .91

County, per thousand .72

City, per thousand 15.37

Total tax rate $17.00



Respectfully submitted for Board of Assessors,

JOSEPH ST. MARTIN,

Chairman.



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REPORT OF

Sealer of Weights and Measures.

To the Honorable, the Mayor, and Board of Aldermen.

Gentlemen: — I have the honor to present to you the
second annual report of the Sealer of Weights and Measures
Department of the City of Holyoke, for the fiscal year end-
ing November 30th, 1907.

Thanks to the good, persistent work inaugurated by
my predecessor, the dealers have seen the wisdom of having
their scales and measures adjusted and sealed, according
to the requirements of the State laws; to the extent that the
work in the department has increased nearly two-fold. Mr.
Tetreault and I have handled 26,292 articles in 1907 against
13.780 in 1906.

I feel well satisfied that the work accomplished has been
for the best protection of the public. It is the aim of the
Department to correct evils where they exist, and see that
they continue corrected , with out resorting to sensational or
radical means when they can be avoided, and still obtain
the desired result; to protect the public from dealers not
understanding the law. or unscrupulous in seeing that they
give correct weight and measure.

On the whole I am satisfied that the city is now, and
cau be kept, practically free from former pirates in trade.

In closing this report I wish to thank the city officials,
the manufacturers and merchants for the courteous manner
in which I have been received by all in the discharge of my
duties. A detailed report of the work performed, and in-
ventory of the office equipment is herewith presented.
Respectfully submitted.

JOSEPH D. GODDI\

Sealer.



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248 REPORT OF SEALER OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES

Found Correct. Adjusted. Condemned. Total

Platform scales over 5000 lbs 29 1 1 31

Platform scales under 5000 lbs 418 30 1 449

Butchers' scales 173 22 5 200

Counter scales 557 19 6 582

.Spring scales 84 5 6 95

Beam scales •. 4 1 5

Balance scales 37 11 48

Ice scales 25 9 34

Weights 3407 580 3987

Dry measures 572 29 601

Liquid measures 1622 14 1636

Yard sticks 103 103

Milk jars 3952 343 4295

Baskets 15 15

Ice cream boxes 3514 3514

Measuring machines 3 3

Oil cans 10520 10520

Ice cream cans 114 44 158

Re-weighing coal • 16 16



21636 668 3988 26292
Fees collected and handed over to City Treasurer $660.38
Fees due the Department Nov. 30, 1907 8.02



Total earned by the Department $668.40



EQUIPMENT.

One bullion balance.

One Massachusetts standard balance in good condition.

Two sealer trying balances in good condition.

Nickel plated weights (avoirdupois), 1 50-lb., 1 25-lb.,
1 20-lb., 1 15-lb. ? 1 10-lb., 1 5-lb.

Two sets brass weights (avoirdupois), 4 lb. to % oz.,
in good condition.



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REPORT OF SEALER OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES 249

Square cast-iron weights (avoirdupois), 40-50 lb., in
good condition.

Brassweights (avoirdupois), 1 16-lb., 1 8-lb., 1.4-lb. 1
2-lb., 1 1-lb., in good condition.

One kilogram in cherry box.

One steel meter in box.

One brass yard standard in box, in good condition.

One brass yard measure in good condition.

One set Massachusetts standard iron dry measures.

Two sets wooden dry measures, 16-quart to 1-quart.

One set nickel plated liquid measures, 1 gallon to 1 gill,
in good condition.

One set brass liquid measures, 1 gallon to 1 gill.

One mahogany box for liquid measures, in good con-
dition.

One upright drill in fair condition.

One kit of tools in good condition

One water-power emery wheel.

One hundred and twenty-five pounds rod lead.

One reading glass.

One handbag in poor condition.

One counter scale in good condition.

One bushel basket.

One cabinet and cards for card system.

Twenty-three rubber stamps.

Fourteen steel dies.

One basket seal in good condition.

One desk.

Five office chairs.

One clock.

Four burning brands.

One hand truck.

Three graduates.

One spring scale in good condition.

One map.

One badge.



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250 REPORT OF SEALER OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES

One pencil sharpener.

One typewriter, in good condition.

One weighing stand.

Seven hooks.

Two brass measuring rules.

One typewriter stand.

Two tin dry measures.

One vise.

One hot blast stove.

Two tin funnels.

Books and stationery.



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REPORT OF

CITY SOLICITOR.



To the Honorable, the Mayor of the City of Hoi joke.

The report of the Law Department for the year ending
December 1, 1907, is respectfully submitted:

City of Everett vs. City of Holyoke.

This was a claim for expenses incurred for care of a
small pox patient, for which the City of Holyoke was alleged
to be liable, and suit was entered in the Superior Court of
Middlesex County for $365.56. There was no doubt of the
city's liability, only the amount of the expenses claimed
being in dispute. Settlement was effected, without trial,
for $300.00 and costs, the total being $322.79.

Thirty or more petitions for damages were heard by the
committee on claims, and, on the recommendation of the
committee, settlements were effected in the following cases,
viz:

Edward Busiere.

Damages to artificial limb by fall upon defective grat-
ing. $20 paid.

Emile Foucher.

Personal injury by fall upon sidewalk on Park street,
alleged to be defective. $25 paid.

George W. Cook.

Personal injury by a fall upon sidewalk, on Hampden
street, alleged to be defective. $50 paid.



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252 REPORT OF CITY SOLICITOR

Henry Bogart.

Personal injury by a fall upon sidewalk, on Mosher
street, alleged to be defective. $50 paid.

Patrick Bowler.

Personal injury by reason of alleged defect in city de-
partment appliances. $50 paid.

Fred Boldway.

Personal injury by a fall upon defective area grating
on Mosher street. $100 paid.

James Hanretty.

Personal injury from a fall caused by defective man-
hole covering on Commercial street. $100 paid.

Daniel Connor.

Personal injury (broken limb) by a fall upon sidewalk,
on Lyman street, alleged to be defective. $100 paid.

Mathilda D'Aigle.

Personal injury (sprained wrist) by a fall upon side-
walk, on Cabot street, alleged to be defective. $100 paid.

Mary Keyes.

Personal injury (sprained ankle) by a fall upon side-
walk on Cabot street, alleged to be defective. $100 paid.

Elizabeth Kelliher.

Personal injury by a fall upon sidewalk, on Hampden
street, alleged to be defective. $100 paid.



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REPORT OF CITY SOLICITOR 253

Mrs. Edward Sullivan.

Personal injury by a fall upon sidewalk on Dwight
street, alleged to be defective. $100 paid.

Mary McD6nald.

Personal injury by a fall upon sidewalk, on East
Dwight street, alleged to be defective. $100 paid.

Edward Sughrue.

Personal injury (broken leg) by a fall upon sidewalk,
on Lyman street, alleged to be defective. $175 paid.

James Joyce.

Personal injury by a fall upon sidewalk, on Center
street, alleged to be defective. $200 paid.

Frank Kallaugher.

Personal injury by a fall upon sidewalk, on High street,
alleged to be defective. $200 paid.

Delia Shea.

Personal injury by falling into a cesspool underneath
a sidewalk which suddenly gave way. $500 paid.

Suit was entered by Annie Shea for damages for per-
sonal injuries caused by alleged defect in sidewalk on
Dwight street. Compromise was effected by payment of
$225.00.



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254 REPORT OF CITY SOLICITOR

The following actions are pending in the Superior Court
of Hampden County :

Bridget Halpin vs. City of Holyoke.

Damages for personal injury caused by a fall upon al-
leged defective sidewalk on Dwight street.



Oliver Bernard vs. City of Holyoke.

Damages for personal injury caused by a fall upon al-
leged defective bridge planking on Applet on street.



Catherine M. Wilmot vs. City of Holyoke.

Damages for personal injury caused by a fall upon al-
leged defective sidewalk on Dwight street.



Henry Belanger. Admr., vs. City of Holyoke.

Two actions, one for damages for death, and one for
damages for conscious suffering, of Ora Brinkman, who was
killed by the overturning of a wagon upon highway at West
Holyoke alleged to be due to lack of proper railing near
declivity.

Edward Couture vs. City of Holyoke.

Damages for personal injury caused by overturning of
wagon upon highway at West Holyoke. alleged to be due to
lack of proper railing near declivity.

Michael J. Mori arty vs. City of Holyoke.

Petition for jury to assess damages to land of petitioner
by the relocating and widening of Pleasant street.



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REPORT OF CITY SOLICITOR 255

Prances E. Rogers vs. City of Holyoke.

Petition for jury to assess damages to land of petitioner
by the relocating and widening of Pleasant street.

I would recommend that there be, at least once a year,
an inspection of all sidewalks, area gratings and bridge
planking, with written report of defects filed with the
Board of Public Works. Neglectful owners of worn or
loose area gratings might then be notified to repair the
same, and many claims for damages thus avoided.

With due appreciation of courtesy extended by the
several departments and officials, the foregoing is submitted.

MICHAEL J. GRIFFIN,

City Solicitor.

Holyoke, Mass., December 1, 1907.



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REPORT OF THE

Sinking Fund Commissioners.


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