Homer.

The first six books of Homer's Iliad online

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450 ei TTOV tcraOpyjcreLev 'AXefa^Spoz/

dXX* ou TIS Sv^aro Tpajw K\^LTWV r* e

Seifai 'AXefa^Spoi/ rdr' apr]L<f)L\a>

ou /xei' yelp <f)i\oTr)TL y tKevOavov, el rt? tootro'

Taw yap cr^tz/ TTCLCTLV
455 rotcri 8e /cat /xereetTrei/

" KK\VT fJLV, TpO)5 /Cdl AdpSa^Ol ^S' 7TLKOVpOL.

W ST) (^atVer* apif]i(^i\ov Mei>eXdov
t5 8' 'ApyetT/z/ 'EXeVr;^ /cat KT^aff ap? avrfj
IkSore, /cat TI/IT)^ Q.TroTive^.v^ rjv nv ?,
460 17 re /cat etrcro/xeVotcrt /xer' avOpatTTOLcn TreX^rat."
ft?S e^ar' 'ArpeiS^?, eVl 8* yveov dXXot 'Ayaioi.



OMHPOT IAIAAOS A



A^Arcr 6eu>v dyop^, ftpKuv x&riy, Apeos a

Delta Deum fora, laesa fides, primordia pugna.

4 In Delta is the God's assize ;
The truce is broke ; wars freshly rise. '



Aya/xe'/iz'oi'os e



Breach of the Truce (1-219). Assembly of the Gods. Vexation
of Hera and Athena.



ot Se Oeol -Trap Zr)vl

Xpvcrza) iv SavreSoj, pera 8e crc^icri iroTvia
vKTap e'w^o^det rot Se ^puoreotg
SetSe^ar' dAXi^Xoi;?, Tptoajv iroKiv
6 avTLK* IrrtipaTO KpovL$r)s lpe0i^fjLev "llprjv
KpTop,LOi<; eVeecrcrt, TrapafiXijSrjv dyopevw
" Soia! /xe^ Me^eXaw ap^yoves fieri
"Hprj r 'Apyeci] /cat '
dXX* ^ rot ral VOCT^L
10 TtpTTt&Oov TOJ 8' avr



att 7raxex8XaK'e /cat avroi)



/cat vvv efecrdo)crei>

aXX rj rot 1/1/07 //,> dprjL(f)L\ov Mez/eXdou
17/xet? 8e <^pa^aj/x^', OTTOJ? ecrrat rctSe
15 17 /3 ? aurtg TroXe/xoV re KOLKQV /cat <$>V\OTTLV alvyv

el 8* a5 7ra)5 roSe ?7ao-t <f)i\ov /cat 1781; yeVotro,

^ rot /Ltei/ ot/ceotro TrdXt? ITptd/ioto az/a/cro?,

71






72 OMHPOY IAIAAO2 A



aurt? S* 'Apyetrp 'EXeV^z/ Me^e'Xao? ctyotro."

* v J A* CJ j ' / f* ' A ^) ' ^ v i

20 ws ecpac/ , at o eirepvqav AuTjvaiY) re /cat ]
TrX^crtat at y* T^CT^^, /ca/cd Se Tpweo-crt
^ rot 'A^i^atT^ aKeajv r^v ov8e rt elvre^,

>p,vr) Att Trarpt, ^0X09 Se JLUI> dypto? ypeiv
S' ou/c e^aSe crrrjOos ^dXoz^, dXXa
25 " aivoTare Kpo^tS^, TTO'LOV TOV nvOov
7TW5 eWXet? akiov Otlvau TTOVOV ^S*

^', 6V tSpwo-a ftoya>, Kap,Tr)v Se' /xot tTTTrot -^
dyetpovcrT/, IIptd/>ta) /ca/cd rotd re Tratcrtz/. V*

\ v / > / /3^ y \\ >>^

arap ou rot Trai^re? e7rati/eo/Ae^ c/eot aXXot.






Zeus rebukes Hera's Implacable Hatred for Troy.

30 r^ Se fiey' o^Oyjcra^ 7rpoo"e<^>T7 ^ec^eXTyyepera Zeu?
" Sat/xo^tr;, rt i>u o~e Ilpta/io? Ilptd/xotd re TratSe?
rdo"cra /ca/cd pe^ofcrt^, o r do^Trep^e?



et Se cru y* etcreX^oucra TrvXa? /cat ret^ea
35 w/xo^ fie/3pa>0ois TlpLafjiov Hpidp.oLo re TratSa?

dXXov? re Tpwas, rdre /ce^ ^0X0^ e'fa/ceVato.

epov, OTTO)? e'^e'Xet?- ^ rourd ye ^et/co? OTTtcrcrw

crot /cat e/Aot />tey eptcr/x-a /xer d/x<^>orepotcrt yeV^rat.

aXXo Se rot epe^w, <ru S' eVt ^>pecrt ySdXXeo crrjcriv
40 OTTTrdre fce^ /cat eya> /xe/Aaw? TrdXti/ efaXaTrdfat

r^ ^e'Xoj, o^t rot c^tXot d^eyoe? e'yyeydao-t^,

jinf rt StaryotySetj' roz^ e'/Aoz> ^dXot', dXXa /i* edcrat-

/cat yap eya) o~ot Sw/ca e/ca>^ atKovri ye OVJJLO).

at yap VTT' ^eXtw re /cat ovpavco dcrrepde^rt
45 z^ateraoucrt TrdXTye? Triy9ovia)v

raw /iot ?rept /c?}pt rteV/cero

/cat Ilpta/xos /cat Xao? e'v/u,/LteXta> Ilptd/xoto-



I



FOURTH BOOK OF THE ILIAD 73

oi) yap /xot Trore /3oj/xo9 e'Seuero Satro9 eic
Xot/3r79 re Kvi<rT)S re- TO yap \dyoptv
50 TCW 8 ' T^/iet^er* eVetra /3ow7rt9 TTOTVICL

"77 TOt e/AOt T/3t9 />teV 7ToXt> <f)L\TaTCLL CtCTt

*Apyo9 re ^Trdprrj re /cat tvpvayvia
ras StaTrepcrat, 6V d^ rot dTre^dajvTai irepl
TOLOJV ov rot eyaj 7rp6(T0' tcrra/xat ouSe
55 [ei ?T/3 yap </>#cWa> re /cat ov/c etai StaTrepcrat,
ou/c ai^uw (^^o^ebucr', evret 77 TroXu (freprepos ecrcrt.]
dXXa xpij /cat e'/xo^ ^e/^ei/at TTOVOV OVK dreXecrro^-
/cat ydp cycu $609 et^Ltt, yeVo9 8c /xot ci/0i/, o^e^ crot,

/Cat /X TTp<T^VTOLT'Y]V TKTO KpOVOS dy KV\O JJLTJTr) $ ,

60 d/K^orepoi', yi^^ re /cat ou^/ca CTT) 7rapd/cotrt9
/ce/cX^/xat, cru 8e TraVt /Lter' d6avdroi(Tiv dz/dcrcrt9.
dXX* 77 rot /ie^ TavO* vTroetfo/xe^ dXX^Xotcrt^,

\ \ J / \ O> > / J V O> </i /) \ ^\ \

crot /xei^ eya>, cru o e/xot- e?rt o efyovrai C7eot aXXot
dOdvaroi. <rv 8e Odcrcrov 'A.0V)vaiQ eVtretXat
<;.") l\0U> 9 Tpcow^ /cat

8', CU9 /C

cTi TTporepoi VTrep opKia



Athena is sent to the Plain of Troy to effect a Breach of the Truce.
o>9 <ar', ou8' OLTTLOrcre TraTr dv$a)v re Oewv re



avrt/c* 9 Affrjivcurjv eVea Trrepdez^ra 7rpocrr)v$a

70 "ati//a /x-dX* e*9 crrparov l\0e /xerd Tpaia9 /cat

TTtipav 8', W9 /ce Tpw9 v7T *

dpa)(TL TTpOTtpoL viTp o/3/cta



OJ9



ftrj 8e /car' OvKvfjLTTOLO KaLprjvajv dtfacra.
75 otoy 8 ' dcrrepa T;/C KpoVou ?rdt9 d

77 vavrr^cri repa9 rye crrparw eupet Xaaii/,



74 OMHPOY IAIAAO2 A



OV TOV 8e re TToXXot ttTTO (TTTLvOrj pC9 t

TO! et/cut* T]iev eVt ^Oova TlaXXct? '

KaS 8' 00p' e*9 /xeVcTOP- #(XA3o9 8' e

80 TpaJas ^' tTrTroSa/xou? fcac
wSe 8e rt? etTrecr/ce^ i8a>*>
" T) y3* avrt? TrdXe/x-d? re /cafco? /cat <f)v\O7ris aivrj
ecrcrerat, 77 <f)L\oTr)7a ^er* d^,<f)OTpoLcri riOricriv
Zevs, 09 r* dvOpdtTTcov rafJiLTj^ TroXejuioto reVv/crat."



Athena persuades Pandarus to wound Menelaus.



85 0)9 apa rt9 eL7rccrKv A^atwz/ re Tyowwi/ re.
^ 8* di'Spl LKeXrj TpaKov /careSucre^'
AaoSd/ca) 'AvTrjvopi&rj, Kparepa*
Ilotz/Sapo^ avTiOeov Si^rjp^evrj^ et TTOV Iffrevpoi.
eu/)e Au/caoi/09 view dp,vfjiovd re Kparepov re

90 ecrrewr'- djit^l 8e x /xtz^ Kparepal crrt^e9
\a(*)v, ol 01 eVo^ro (XTT* AlcnjTTOLO podatv.
dy^ov 8' icrra/xeVr; eVea TTTepoevTa
" ^ pa j/u /xot rt TTL0OLO, Av/cdoz/09 vte SCU^/O
rXaiT79 /cei^ Me^eXaw eVtTT/Doe/xe^ ra^uz^ top,

95 Trao't 8e /ce Tpweo~o"t ydpiv icat 10)809 apoto,
e/c Traprwp 8e ^aXtora 'AXefapSpw /3aori\.rji.
TOV Ktv or) TrdfJiTTpajra Trap' dyXaa Swpa
at /cep tS]7 Mepe'Xaop dprjiov 'Arpe'09 vtop
CTOJ ySe'Xet op,r)0evTa Trvprjs eTTtySapr* dXeyetp^9-
100 dXX' ay' 6io-Tvcrov MepeXaou AcuSaXt/ioto,
ev^eo 8* 'A7rdXXa)pt XvKrjyevei
appaip Trpwroydpwp pe'fetp fcXetr^p e/
ot/ca8e pocrrcra9 te79 et9 acrru



FOURTH BOOK OF THE ILIAD 75

'

Pandarus shoots an Arrow at Menelaus.

ovi






ro> Se (frpevas d<f>p

105 avrtV e'cruXa ro^ov tv^oov tfdXou atyos
dypLov, ov pd TTOT auros vjrb orepi/oto
Trerprjs e'/cySatVoi/ra, SeSey/xeVos eV 7r

/3/3^TJKL 7T/3O? (TT7J0OS ' 6 8* VTTTIO?

TOV Kpa K K<j)a\rj$ e/c/ccuSe/caSw/m
110 /cat TO, /xei/ dcr/CT^cra? /cepaofoo? Tjpape TKTO)V,
TTOLV S' eu XeiTJvas ^pvcreriv eVe^/ce Kopatvrjv.

KOi TO fJLV 6U [email protected]]K TaW(T(Tdp,tVOS, 7TOTI

dy/cXtW?- TrpoaOev 8e crd/cea cr\0ov ecrOXol ercupoi.
P.TI Trp\v dva't^eiav dpijioi vie? 'A^atw^,
115 7r/Hy /3\rjcr0ai MeveXaov dptjiov 'Arpeo? utoi/.
avrdp o crvXa 7rw/ia (frapeTp'rjSj IK S* eXer* toz/
d/3\rJTa TTTepoevTa, p,\aLi>ea)v tpp? o
al\ffa S* ?ri vevprj fcare/cdcr/xee TTLKpbv o

V^TO S' 'ATToXXw^

120 dpvojv TrpajToyovajv

ot/ca8e voa-TTjaas itprjs 15 ao-ru ZeXetr;?.

eXfce 8* 6/xov yXuc^tSa? T XajSwi^ /cat vevpa

vtvprjv fjiev /xaw TreXacre^, rdfw 8e

aura/3 eVet 8^ /cu/cXorepe? /xeya ro^ov e
i^:. Xtyfe ^8tO5, vevpr) Se /xey* ta^ej/, aXro 8* otcrro?

tXo^ eVtTTTeV^at

Menelaus is wounded.



, Mei/eXae, ^eot /xd/ca/ae? \t\d8ovro
dOdvaroi, Trparnr) 8e Ato? Ovydrrjp dyeXet?/,
17 rot npocrOe crrdcra ^e'Xos e^7Tu/C9
130 17 Se rdcroi/ fte^ eepyei^ d?ro ^pod?, a5? ore



76



OMHPOY IAIAAO2 A



TratSos tcpyrj fjivlav, off ^Se't Xe'ferat.

> \ J T V/) //) y

aurr) o aur luvvev, oc/t ( s o)orT'Y]po<; o
XpvcrtLoi crvve^ov /cat StTrXdos Torero
eV 8' cTrecre ^cocrTrjpL aprjpoTi vrt/cpo? otcrrd?'
135 Sta /Aez/ ayo ^axrr^po? eX^Xaro ScuSaXebio,
/cat Sta 6a>pr}KO$ TroXvSatSaXov rjpjj



17 ot TrXetcrro^ epvro- StaTrpo Se etcraro /cat
aKporarov 8* ap* dtcrros eireypaifje X/oda
140 aurt/ca 8* epptev alpa /ceXati/e^e? ef aj

a5? 8* ore rts r* eXe^a^ra yvvr) <J)OLVLKL
^e Kctet/3a, iraprfiov efJLjjLevau ITTTT^V
8* eV ^aXa/xw, TroXee? re /xti^ r)pTJ(TavTo
<f>optLv, ySacrtX^t 8e KeiTat ayaX/jta,
145 d/x^)drepo^, /cdor/xos 0' LTTTTO) eXarifJpt re /c08o5
rotot rot, Me^eXae, ^kavQ'Yiv at/xart p,7)pol

Kvrjp,ai re tSe a~<j)vpa /caX* virevepOev.



Agamemnon grieves for the Hurt of his Brother.

piyrjcrev 8' a/9* eVetra ai^af d^S '

0)5 eI8e*> /AeXaz^ al/xa Karappeov e
150 piyycrev Se /cat auro? aprjtyiXos Me^e'Xao?.

w? 8e tSez^ vtvpov re /cat dy/cov? e/cro? e'd^ra?,
aifjoppov ot 0vp,o$ eVt crrif^ecrcrtz/ aye
rot? 8e /3apv o-re^a^wr /Aere^T^ Kpeiaiv
^etpos e^a)^ Me^e x Xaoi/- eVecrre^a^o^ro 8* eratpot
155 " <^)tXe /cacrty^re, OOLVCLTOV vv rot op/ct'
oto*> irpoa'TTJo'as irpo 'A^aiwv Tpctjcrt
<W5 a 1 ' e)8aXo^ TpaJe?, /caret 8* opKia Trtcrra

TW9 aXio^ 7T\L opKiov af^utct re apvaiv
r* aKp^TOL /cat Seftat, ^



FOURTH BOOK OF THE ILIAD 77

160 et Trep yap re /cat aurtV 'OAu/zTnos ou/c eYe'Xecrcrei',
e'/c Se /cat 6i//e reXet, aw T //,eydXa> d7re'rtcra*>,
crv*> (T^fjcnv /ce^aXrJcrt ywatft re /cat re/ceecrcrti/.
ev yap e'yw rdSe otSa /caret <peVa /cat /caret
ecrcrerat yfJiap, or* aV Tror* oXajX^ v !Xto? tp^

165 /cat II/3ta/Lt05 /cat Xao? eu/x/ieXtco Tlpta/xoto,
8e a"()



auros eVtcnjeu7(7ti> pep.vr)v atytSa TTOLCTLV
rrJcrS* ctTrar^s /corewz^. ra /xei/ ecrcrerat ov/c areXecrra
aXXa ftot ati^oz/ 0/^09 crtBev ecrcrerat, cS Mei/eXae,
170 at /ce Odvr)<; /cat TTOT^OV dva7r\TJcrr)s ^Stdroto.
/cat /ci/ eXey^tcrro? 7roXv8ti//to^ ^A
avrt/ca yap /Ai^croifrat 'A^atot TrarptSo?
/caS 8e /cez^ u^wXr)r TIpidfjLO) /cat Tpwcrt XtV
'Apyetry^ 'EXeV^i/' cre'o ' ocrrea vrucret dpovpa
175 /cet/ieVou eV TpOLr) dreXevnJTO) eVt epyw.

/cat /ce rt? (58* epe'et Tpatajv vireprjvopeovTcoVy

tTTiO ptocrKtov MeveKdov /cu8aXt/xoto
' ourw? eVt Tracrt ^dXoz/ reXeVet*
/cat i/i)^ aXtoz/ crTparov riyaytv e^^aS* '
180 /cat 817 e/ify ot/cdi^Se <f)L\7)v e'? ?rarpt8a

KtMQO'w vrjvcri, XtTrw^ ayaOov
Trore rt9 epeet rdre /xot ydvoi evpela



The Wound is not Fatal. The Surgeon Machaon comes.

8* in0a.p<jvvo)v Trpocrecfrr) fa^0o9
" #dpcret, /r^Se' rt TTOJ SetStcrcreo Xao*> 'A)
185 OVK eV /catptw ov Trdyrj ^8e x Xo9, dXXa irdpoiOtv

apucraro &O-TTJP re 7raz/atoXo9 ^8' i
y - / N r x -

co/ia re /cat /Lttrp^, r?)^ ^aX/cr;e9 /ca/

8 s a7ra/xet/3d/xe^09 Trpocre^r) /cpetW ',



78



OMHPOY IAIAAO2 A






"at yap 877 ovrco? 177, c^t'Xos ca Me^eXae
190 eX/co5 8* [77x77/3 e7rtjLtdo~o~Tat 778* ei

77 /cat ^aXOvfiiov delov KrjpvKa 7rpoo"rjv$a"

"TaX#v/8t', orrt rd^tora Ma^do^a SCU/DO

^>o)r' 'Ao~/cX777Ttou vto^ d/xv/xo^os 77x77/305,

195 o<^)/3a 1877 Me^eXaoz/ dpTJLov 5 ATpeo5 ftd^,

o^ rt? 6to~Tvcra5 e/SaXe^ TO^MV ev t8w5,

T/3WO)Z> 77 AvKLOiV, TO) jOL^ /cXeO5, d/Lt/Ltt 8e

<U5 et^ar', OL>8' dpa ot Krjpvt; dTriOrjcrev d/covo"a5,
/?77 8' teVat /card Xao*> 'A^atwz/ ^aX/co^trw^a)^
200 TraTTTaivojv rjpaja Ma^doz^a. ro^ Se vorjcrev

V- djLi^t Se x /xti/ Kparepal o-rt^e5 dcr7rtcrrda>^
, ot ot eirovro T/3t/c775 e'f t7T7ro/3droto.
i) S' tcrrd/Ltei/05 eVea Trrepoevra



opcr



/caXeiet



205



1877 Mez>e / Xao*> a



6V rt?



p)(ov
O(DV Iv
/cXeo?, a/Lt/uit 8e 7reV0os."






vl



dva crTparov evpvv



ra>
c^dro, ra> 8' dpa

8' teVat /ca^
210 dXX' ore 877 p s Ittavov, 061 ^avBo^ Me^eXao?

Trept 8' OLVTOV dyrjytpqO', ocrcrot aptorot,
6 8* e^ fjiecrcroLcri Traptcrraro tcrd^eo? <a>s,
avTLKa 8* e/c i^wcrTrjpos dprjporos \Kv oicrrov
TOV 8' ^e\KOp,evoio TToXiv ayev of ees oy/cot.
215 Xycre Se ot ^cjcrTrjpa iravaioXov 778' v



re Ka



rr^v



avrdp 7Tt tSei

pjj'i'/ j*

at/i e/c/xv^cras e?r a/o

, rd ot TTOTC Trarpl <^>tXa



>5'^

toa>s
Trope



FOURTH BOOK OF THE ILIAD 79



The Battle begins again. Agamemnon reviews his Forces and
orders an Advance (220-421).

220 6(f)pa rot dp,<f)7TvovTo fiorjv dyaOov MeveXaov,
To<f>pa 8' eVt Tpwwi' crrt^9 '
ot 8' avrt9 /card rev^e eSw, ^ptjcravTO Se

i=v9' OVK dv fipit^ovTOL tSot9 'Aya/xe^o^a Stoi>

OVO K(lTOLTTTCt)(TO~Ol f T OVO OVK f.9 .\OVT OL

225 dXXd p,d\a (TTTevooifra p^d^v es

tv yap eacre /cat dp/iara ?rot/ctXa

\ >/3 r ' /D 5 ^

rou9 /xei^ uepaTTMV arravevu c

[/ vto9 XlroXe^atou ITetpatSao,
TO) /idXa TrdXX' eVeVeXXe Traptcr^e/xe^, OTTTrdre /cej/
j:jo yuta Xa/ify /cd/xaro9 77oXea9 8td KOipaveovTa-
avrdp o 776^09 ew^ eVeTrajXetro ort^a? dv'optov.
/cat p' ou9 ftez/ (T7T7;8o^ra9 tSot Aa^aw^
rou9 jitdXa OapcrvvecrKe irapia
" 'Apyetot, /XT^ TTW rt /Lte^tere OovpLoos d
235 ou yd/3 eVt i^euSecrcrt Trarrjp ZU9 ecrcrer' d
dXX* ot 7T/o Trporepoi virtp op/cta
^ rot avTMv repeva XP oa



aiir' ou? T >ta? /cat vina re/ci/a



' iv vijeo~o~LV, enrjv TTTo\ie9pov
240 ou9 rt^a9 au /Ae$teVra9 tSot crrvyepov TroXe/xoto,
rou9 /idXa z^et/ceiecr/ce ^oXctroto"ti/ CTT



/I /)> V

Tt(pC7 OUTOJ9

at r' eVet o5i^ ocaaor TTOACOS TreSt'oto



245 ecrrdcr', ouS* apa rt9 <T(^)t /xerd (frpto'l yty^erat dX/o;-
o~Tr)T TtOrjTroTts ouSe /id^ecr^e.
Tpaia9 cr^eSo^ e'X^e/xe^, et'^a re



80 OMHPOY IAIAAO2 A



evTrpvfJivoi 770X079 eVt Owl
O(f)pa 18177', at K vnp,iv virepcr^r) ^elpa



Agamemnon praises Idomeneus and the Cretans.

250 o>5 o ye KOipaveajv eVeTrwXetro crrt^as dvo

rj\0e 8* eVt Kpifrecrcrt /cta>^ dvd ouXa/xoz> dvopa>v
ol 8' d/>t^)' 'iSo/Aez'rJa Satc^poz'a Oa)pyjo~o~ovTO'

liev eVt 7T/30jLtd^ots, oVt et/ceXos a

8* apa ot TTV/xara? aiTpvvt

8' 'iSo/xez^a Trpocrrjvoa

7Tpl fJLV (Te TLO)
vl TTTO\fJLO) VjO* dXXotO) eVt Cy

^8* ei^ Sat^', ore Tre'p re yepovcriov aWoTra olvov
260 'Kpyeiaiv ot aptcrrot eVt KpTjTTJpi /cepw^rat-

et Trep yap r' aXXot ye /cap?/ /co/Aow^re? 'A^atot

Satrpoz^ TTtz^wcrt^, croz/ Se vrXeto^ SeVa? atet

ecrr^', as ?rep e'/^ot, TTteeti/, ore OVJJLOS dvatyrj.

dXX' opcreu ?roXe/>td^S ', oto? Trdpo? eu^eat eli^at.'
265 roz> 8* aur' S l8o/iei^ev9 Kp^rw^ dyo? dvriov i

" 'Arpet'Si?, jLtctXa /xeV rot e'yaj^ tOLTjpos eratpog

ecrcro/xat, w? ro 7rpa>TOv yTTtcrTrjv /cat /careVevcra-

dXX' dXXov? orpvve Kaprj K

offrpa ra^tcrra jLta^w/xe^', e?ret cruz^ y* op/a
270 Tpwe?- rolcriv 8' aS Odvaros /cat /c^Se* OTTtcrcrw

ecrcrer', e?ret Trpdrepot UTrep op/cta 877X77' craz/ro."

Agamemnon wishes that All were Like the Ajaxes.

o>5 <j)OLT\ 'ArpetS^? 8e Trapw^ero yr)66(Tvvo<; Krjp.

8* CTT* Atdz^recrcrt /ctaiz' dz^d ovXafJibv
o 8e Kopvcro-eo-Orjv, d/xa 8e z^e^o? etVero



FOURTH BOOK OF TIIK ILIAD 81



275 CtJ9 8* or' OLTTO CTKOTnfjS elSe^ V(f)OS at7ToXo9 dvr)p

lp^6p.evov Kara TTOVTOV VTTO Ze<^>upoto lajfjs-
rw Se' T dvevOev IOVTL /xeXdVrepoi' rjvre Trtcrcra

' lov /caret TTOVTOV, ayet Se re XatXaTra TTO\\TJV



T 0)V VTTO T



280 rolat a/A* Atai/recrcrt OLOTpe<f>a)v a

OTJLOV 69 TToXefJLOV TTVKLVal KIVVVTO



cra/cecrt re /cat ey^ecrt TT
/cat rous /xez/ yrjOrjcrcv low Kpeicov '
/cat crc^ea? (jxovTjcras eVea TTTepoevTa TTpocnrjvoa -
285 " Atai^r , Apyeiajv TjyirjTope ^aX/co^troj^w^,

<r<^a;t /xe^ ou yap eot/c* orpu^e/xei/, ou rt /ceXeuw

avTO) yap /xaXa Xaoi^ d^coyeror t<^>t

at yap, Zev re Trarep /cat 'Afrrfvafy /cat

rOtO9 TTOLO~LV Ovp,OS Ivl CTTTJ O~ CT L yevOLTO '

290 rw /ce ra^' ^/xucrete TrdXt? Hpta^toto ai^a/cro?

dKovcrd re TrepOop,vr) re."



Nestor marshals his Troops skilfully.

rou? ftei^ XtVei^ aurou, y8^ Se /xer' aXXou9
' o ye NeVrop' erer/xe, \Lyvv HvXuov dyoprjTijv,

erapou9 O~T.\\OVTOL /cat OTpvvovTa /xa^ecr^at
i".i . a/Lt<t p.yav HeXdyovra 'AXacrropa re Xpo/xtW re
Aifjiova re /cpetWra Btai^ra re Trot/xeVa
t7r7n?a9 /xez^ Trpaira crui/ ITTTTOKTIV /cat
7re^ou9 S* e'foTrt^e crTTJcrtv TTO\OLS re /cat e'cr^Xou9,
ep/co9 e/xe^ TroXe/xoto /ca/cou9 8' es /xecrcro^ e



300 o(f)pa /cat ou/c I0\a)v rt9 dvayKairj TroXe/xt^ot.



yap

6/xtXoj
rt9 [TTTTOO-VVTI re /cat



r



82 OMHPOY IAIAAO2 A



0105 TTpocrO' oi\\a)v ^e/xaro) Tpwecrcrt
305 ^178* dz/a^ajpetTto dXaTraSi'drepot yap ecre<T$e.

09 8e K avrjp OLTTO &V d^eW erep' app,a0* t/CTjrat,

ey^et opedcr0aj, eVet 77 TroXu <j>epTpov

cSSe feat ot TrpoTtpoL TroXta? /cat Tet^e'

rd^Se j^do^ /cal Ovpov evl crTirjOecro'Lv
310 a>s 6 yepw wrpwe. TraXat TroXe/xwi/ eu

/cat roz> jnet' yTJOrjcrev tSai^ Kpe[a)v

feat /it^ (jxtJVTJcras errea TTTepoevra



cSs rot yoiW#* eTTOtro, /3t?7 Se rot e/iTreSo?
315 dXXd o~e yyjpas retpet opoiiov CDS d<^>eXeV

dXXos e^et^, o~u Se /couporepotcrt
S' T^jLtet^er' eVetra Tepjjvios tTTTrdra

I, jJidXa fjiv K.v iytov eOeXqifjiL /cat avro?

? ore Stoz^ 'Epev^aXtw^a /careWa^.
320 dXX* ov 7TW5 d/xa TrdvTa Oeol Sdcra^ avO pa)Troi(Tiv
et rdre /covpo? Id, i/vi/ avre /xe yfjpas
dXXd /cat W9 tTTTrevcrt /AereVo-o/iat 7}Se

/cat fjLV00Lcri TO yap yepa? e'crrt yepovToui/.
S' at^/xdo-croucrt ^ewrepot, ot Trep e'/xeto
325 OTrXdrepot yeydacrt TrTroi0a(Tiv re



Menestheus and Odysseus are unjustly rebuked by Agamemnon,
who apologizes.

o?5 ec^ar', 'ArpetS^? 8e Trapw^ero y^^dcru^o?






ecrrewr' d/i^t 8' '
avrap 6 TrX^crto^ ecrr^/cet TroXv^rt? 'OSucrcrev?,
330 Trap Se Kec^aXX^z/w^ d/x-^t arrives OVK dXa7ra8i/at

a^ ou yctp TTOJ cr^)i^ d/couero Xao? d



dXXd vco^ crvvopivo^evan KLVVVTO



FOCKTII HOOK OF TIII-: ILIAD 83

tTTTToSa/zctu/ /cat 'A^ctta)^, ot Se
ecrracray, OTTTrdre Trvpyos 'A^atajz> aXXos e

335 TpOKiJV 6pfJLTJ(TL /Cat OL^^iaV TToXe/XOtO.

TOUS Se tSo)*' ffiK(rcrei> aVaf aVSpai
/cat cr^eas (^w^cra? eVea TTTtpoevra
"c3 ute ITerewo Storpe^eo? ySacrtX^o?
/cat cru /ca/cotcrt SdXotcrt /ce/cacr/xeVe,
340 TtVre /caraTrrcfjcrcro^Teg a^eo-rare, /xt)itj/ere 8' aXXov?;
\LV r eVe'ot/ce /xera TTpafroicriv
e /xa^s /caucrret/3^5

^ctt, Satro?
8atra yepovaiv
345 ei^a <^tX' OTrraXea /c^e'a e8/xe^at i^Se



vvv Se <tXw9 x opdo/re, /cat et Se/ca Trvpyot \
u/xetW 7rp07rdpoL0 /xa^otaro zr^Xe't

\ CN j v e / CN ' ^ r J

350 " 'ArpetST/, irolov ere eVo? (frvyev ep/co?
8^ ^179 TroXe/xoto tte(9te/xe^ ; OTTTrdr*

d\|/eat, 17^ 0\rjcr0a /cat at /ceV rot ra

T^Xeita^oto <^i\ov vrarepa Trpo/xa^otcrt
356 Tpajwi' tTTTToSa/xaj^ cru Se ravr' d^etiwi
ro^ 8' eVt/xet8i7o~a9 Trpocre^^ Kpeiajv

oj? ^w xwo/xeVoto ?raXt^ 8* o ye Xa^ero

"Stoyei>e9 AaeprtaS^, TroXu/xr^^a^

oure ere ^et/ceta> Treptajcrto^ oure /ceXey^j
300 otSa yap, w? rot 0vfjLO<$ eVt errTy^ecrcrt

77?rta S^ea otSe- ra yap <^>po^e / et9, a r' eyw ?rep.

dXX* t^t, raura S* oinorOev apecrcrd/xe^', et rt KOLKOV vvv

etp^rat, ra Se TrdWa ^eot /xera/xwt'ta



84 OMHPOY IAIAAO2 A



Diomed is compared with his Father, Tydeus.

0)5 eLTTMV TOV<$ //,eV \L7TV OLVTOV, {$fj Se /ACT*

365 evpe Se TvSe'o? viov vTrepOvpov Ato/r^'Sea

ecrreair' eV #' ITTTTOICTI /cat apfJLacn /coXX^rotcrtz' -

Trap Se ot ecmf/cet ^$eVeXo? KaTra^tog

fcal TOZ^ /iej> vt'iKtcrcrev iSai^ Kpe

/ecu /JLW <l>(Dvr}<Ta<; eVea Trrepde^ra irpocrrjvSa
370 " &) /AOI, TuSeos vte 8at<^poi/o5 i

TI TTTwcrcret?, rt S* oTTiTreuet? TroXe/Aoto

ov fie^ TvSet y' wSe $i\ov Trrwtr/ca^e/

aXXd 7roXv Trpo <f>L\a)v erdptov 877101(71

w? ^acrai', ot /xtz> tSo^ro Trovev^evov ov yap eyw ye
375 TIVT^CT ouSe t8jai> Trept 8* aXXwv <^>acrt ye^ecr^at.

7; rot /xez/ ya/> arep 7roXe)u<ou ela"f)\@

fet^o? ct/x* avnOeo) IloXv^et/cefc, Xaoj'

ot /5a TOT* IcrTpaTOtovO' lepa TT/oo? T

/cat yoa /utdXa Xtcrcro^ro 8d/xe^ /cXetrov? e
380 ot 8* el^eXo^ Sd/xe^at /cat eTrrj^eo^, 0)5

dXXct Zev? er/oei//e Trapatcrta o-yjjJLaTa^

e O> j \ -y v >O\ \ cO s /

ot o CTret ovi' utyovro toe TT^O ooou eyez/o^ro,

'ACTWTTO^ 8* ZKOVTO ^aOvcr^oivo

eV^' aSr' dyyeXtr^ eVt TuSr] crrelXav '
385 avrd/3 6 ^T?^ TroXe^a? 8e /ct^^Varo

8ati^VfteVov5 /card 8a>/xa ^81175 'Ereo/cX^etr;?.

eV^' ouSe fetz'ds Trep e'cu^ tTTTrr^Xdra

Tctj8et, /otoGz^o? ewz/ TroXeVtz/ /ixerd

dXX* o y' de^Xeuetz^ Trpo/caXt^ero, TTOLVTOL 8' eVt/ca
390 yoTjtSta)?- roti7 ot eVt/3/30^05 r}e^ '[email protected]].

ot Se ^oXwo-d/Ae^ot KaS/xetot, /ceVropes tTTTrw^,

di// dp' d^ep^o/xeVa) TTVKLVOV \6yov tlcrav dyoj/Te?,



FOURTH BOOK OF THE ILIAD



85



Kovpovs TTVTr)KOVTa- Bvo) 8* rjyirjTopes
eVtet/ceXos d



395 Vt09 T

TuSeu?



/cat TOL<TLV et/cea



OLOV L



e<j)fJKv



to^' apa irpoerjKe, 0eojv Tepdevcn
TOCO? eQi' TuSevg AtrwXio?- dXXa rov vlov
400 yetVaro eto ^eprja ^01^17, dyoprj 8e r'



Diomed's Comrade repels the Criticism.

ct>5 </>aro, roi^ 8* ou rt rrpocre^r] Kpartpos
at8ecr^t<? /3ao~i\rjos eviirrjv atSototo.
roz/ 8* uto9 KaTrat'rJo? d/iea//aro

crcu^>a



405 Txei9 rot



VTTO



/ecu



/cat T]/3'r)S e8o9
iravpoTtpov Xaov d
repdecrcTL
8e cr(f)eTpr)(TL
410 T<W /xr /xot Trarepa? TTO^' 6/10117 evOeo

o^ 8* ap* U7ro8pa t8a>^ Trpoo-tyrj Kparepos



pwy)



"rerra, (TLc^nfj rjcro, /xw 8* IrrnreLdeo fjivOa).



ov yap eyai ^e/xecra> 'Aya/xe/x^o^t Trot/ieVt Xaa>i/

orpvvovTi p,d^ecr0aL lvKVTJp,L$as *A^atou9
41") TOVTO) /xe^ yct/3 /cuSog a'/x' ei//erat, t /cez^ 'Amatol

Tpcuas S^wcrajcrt^ eXwcrt re *

TOVTO} 8 ' au /xeya Tr4v6os '

dXX* aye 817 /cat i^a>t /xe

^ yoa /cat cf 6^ea>^ cru^ reu^ecrt^ aXro
420 Set^ot' 8' /3pa^ ^aX/co? eVt crr^^ecrcrt^ a^a/cro?



V7TO KV



86 OMHPOY IAIAA02 A



The Armies advance. Athena is with the Achaeans ; Ares, with

Trojans.



cos 8* 6V eV aiyiaXco TroXurj^e'i KVfJia
opvvr eTracrcrvTepov Ze(f>vpov VTTO K
TroVrco \L^V re irpc^ra /copucrcrerai, aura/3 eVeira
425 -^epcra) pfiyvvpevov /^eydXa ftpejjLei, ap,(f)l 8e' r
Kvprov iov Kopv<j)ovTai, airoTrTvei 8* a'Xo? a-
TOT' 7racrcrvTpai Aa^awz/ KUWVTO

roXe/xoz/Se. KeXeve 8e otcrt^ e/cacrro?
ol 8' aXXoi d/c^ tcra^, ov8e /ce
430 rdcrcro^ Xao^ eVecr^at .e^o^r* e^ crTTJOecriv
et8tdr9 a-rjjjidvTOpas - ap,(j)l 8e TTOLCTI
TTOLKL^ eXa/x,7T, ra el^evoi ICTTI^OOJ.
8', cSi? r' ote? 7roXv7ra/>io^o5 a^Spos eV avX^
ITKTL ae\e aX \



yaXa

435 a^^es [AejJiaKViaL, d/covoucrai 6Va

cu9 Tpojwz/ dXaX^ro? dz^d crrparo^ evpvv o
ov yap TrdvTtov r^y o/xo? Opoos ouS' ta yrjpvs,
dXXd yXwcrcr' e^ce/itfcro, TroXu/cX^rot 8* ecrai> a
(Spae Se rou? jLte^ ^Aprys, rou? 8e yXav/cwm? '

440 Aei/xd? r' ^Se 4>d^8os /cai v Ept? O^JLOTOV
^Apeo? dv$po<j)6i>oio Kao-LyvTjTr) erdpr) re
17 r' o\iyri peis Trpwra Kopvo-crera^ avrdp e

OVpOLVM tCTTTJpL^e Kapjj KOi CTTl ^Oovl /3(LLI>1.

7j CT^LV Kal Tore veiKos OJJLOLIOV e/^/^aXe
445






The Armies meet.

e O> > 7O/e> />/ v

01 o ore or) p e? ywpoz^ ez^a cvz^to^reg LKOVTO

t /\. i ^sw^~^/^-'*~

e> *r\ \ t / \v \/>

yo pa\ov pivovs, (TVV d ey^ea /cat /x,ez>e c



FOURTH IJOOK OF Till-; ILIAD 87



drdp dcrTTtSe? 6/>t<aXdecro~at

TToXus 8* opu/AaySos opaipeiv.

450 eV#a 8* d/u,' ot/zojyT? re /cat eu^oA?) Tre'Xey dvSp
o\\vvTO)v re /cat- oXXu/xeVoji', pee 8' at^tart yata.
ok 8' ore ^et)u,a/)/3ot Trora/xot /car* 6por<j)i pe
e? /xtcrydy/ceta^ fu/x^dXXero^ o^pi^ov vSa)p
Kpovvuv e'/c /xeydXwz/ /cotXr;? evrocrOe ^a
ra)v Se' re r^Xdcre SOUTTO^ eV ovpecnv e/cXue

/xtcryo/xeVwz/ yeVero ta^ re TTOZ/O? re.



Antilochus kills Echepolus.

8 ' 'AlTt'Xo^O? TpOKtiV \V dv8pOL KOpVCTTrjV

eVt Trpo/xd^otcrt, OaXucrtdS^^ '

TOI' p* @OL\ TTpWTOS K.6pv6o<$ <f)d\.OV t

eV 8e /xeraj7ra> Tr^e, Treprjcre 8' ap* ocrre'o^ etcrw
a ^X/ x1 7 xaX/cetTj ' r o^ 8e cr/cdro? o<T<re
-qpLTre 8', o5? ore Trvpyo?, eVt Kparepfj
TOV 8e Trecrd^ra vroSoj^ eXaySe Kpeiajv '



eX/ce 8* vvre/c /3eXe'oji> XeXtT^/^eVo?, 6<j)pa ra^tcrra
reu^ea cnA^crete pivvvOa 8e' ot yeVe#' o
ov ydp p tpvovTOi t8oj^ p^eydO

ct, rd ot KwftavrL Trap' acnrtSos e'
ourr^cre fucrro) ^aX/c7^pet, Xucre 8e yvta.
470 OJ5 TCW /xez/ XtVe ^u/^05, eV auro> 8* tpyov
dpyaXtov Tpwoji> /cat 'A^atoiy ot Se Xu/cot oj
aXXr/Xot? eVdpoucra^, dVirjp 8* di/8p* e'



Ajax and Odysseus slay Trojans.

e/3aX' 'Ai/^e/utton/o? utoy TeXa/ioji/to? Ata?,
OaXepbv St/xoetVtoy, o^ Trore p*TJrrjp



485



490



OMHPOY IAIAAOS A



88



475 "iSrjOev Kanovcra Trap* o^Orjcnv

yetVar', eVet pa TOKevcriv ap,* coTTcro
rowe/ca juti; KaXeov 2tjU-oetcrtoj> ovSe
Operrrpa <tXot9 aTreSw/ce, p,ivvv0d$ios Se ot
7r\e9* vir* Ataz'TO? ^yaOv^ov Soupt Sa/^eVrt
480 TTpaiTov yap )Liv iovra /3d\ crTrjOos Trapa
Seftd^, avriKpvs 8e St*
r)\0ev 6 8' eV KovLr)(n
17 pa r' eV eiajjievf) eXeo? /^eyaXoto
XetTj, drap re ot o{oi eV aKpOTarrj

dvrjp

Trept/caXXei
KelraL Trora^olo Trap
TOLOV a/o* '
Aia? Stoye^?. ro{) 8*

/ca#' ofjuXov aKovrio-ev ofet



tSecr^at



r
*



TOU /ie^ a/xap^', 6 8e Aev/co^ 'OSucrcre'o? ecr^Xoi/ eralpov
/Be/3\TJKL /3ov/B>va VZKVV erepaxr' IpvovTa-



ot



rjpure 8' d/x^)' aurw, veKpos Se
rov 8' 'OSvcreus /xaXa Ovpov aTro/cra/AeVoto
495 )8?7 Se Sta TrpojLta^a)^ KKopv0p,evos alOoTri
8e ^aX' eyyu? twz^, /cat aKovnore Soupt
t I TTaTrTrjvas. VTTO 8e Tpaie? fcefcoiSo^TO

a/coi'Tta'craz'TO?. 6 8* ou^ aXtoi^ ySeXo?
dXX' utoi/ Hpidfjioio voOov /3dXe
500 o? ot ' A/3v8o^e^ ?yX^e, Trap* tifi

rdz^ /)' *O8uo-eu9 erdpoto ^oXwo-d/xei/o? y8dXe Soupt
Kopa"Y)V' r} 8* erepoto Std /cporcu^oto
ro^ 8e cr/cdro? ocro-e

8e TTCCTOJ^, dpa/B^cre 8e reu^e* eV avrw.



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