Homer.

The first six books of Homer's Iliad online

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60 'iXtov s fa77oXotar* d/c^Secrrot /cat dc^a^rot."

iSeX(^tov <f>pvas
o 8' a77o l^e^ o)O"aro
roi/ 8e Kptiojv
OVTOL /card Xairdprjv o 8* dverpaTrer^ 'AT/3t8i75 Se
65 Xaf eV (TTTfOeo'i /3a5 e^ecnrao'e ^ei\ivov ey^o5.

Necrroip 8* 'Apyetotcrtr e'/ce'/cXero p,aKpbv ducra5'

" w (f)L\oL r)po)s Aai^aot,
/ / )

/xt/x^ero), W5 /cei^ 77Xeto~ra ^>epo)i/ 77t ^a5 t/cr^rat,
70 dXX* d^8/3a5 /CTetVo)/xe^ eVetra Se /cat rd e/oyXot



Helenus sends Hector to Troy, to order a Sacrifice to Athena for the
Safety of the City.



015 et77Ctj^ otTpvvt /xeVo5 /cat 0vp,ov e/cdorou.

/c^ avre T/3a>5 aprjufriX&v VTT* 'A^atwi/
!Xtoi> eicraveprjcrav d^aX/cet^crt Sa/xeVre5,
:". et /x^ dp' Alveia re /cat "E/cro/H t77 77a/)acrrd5






126 . OMHPOY IAIAA02 Z

/"Ati'eta re /cat *E/crop, eVet TroVos {7x^1, /xa/vi
Tptowv Kal KVKLMV e'y/ce'/cXtrat, OVVZK aptorot
^4 7raa"az> eV' t^w ecrre jjid^ecrOai re fypoveew re,
<rrr\T avrov, Kal \aov epv/ca/cere Trpo




<s> >



TravTif) eTrotYOju/e^ot, Trpiv avT ev
\ (frtvyovTas 7recre / ett', S^totcrt Se

avrdp e?ret /ce ^aXayya? eTTOTpvvrjTov avracra?,
T^/xets ju-ei^ Aaraotcrt jLtaYj^crojiie^' ai>^t jLte^o^re?,
85 /cat /xaXa retpd/xei/ot ?rep dvayKaur] yap eVetyet
>, drap cru TrdXt^Se /xerepxeo, et?re 8' eVetra
o~^ /cat e/xTy 17 Se ^vvdyovcra yepatag



M- '/ ' *-I^V *- ^ rVV^V *~JJI, y 1 1 . ^^^v^rv^ < ^r O|w

\>./l / \ ' /\ v

K^OI/ AurjvaLrjs yAau/cwTTtoo? e^ TroAet ct/cp]7,
v oia<ra /cXTitSt Ovoas teooto Sdaoto,



ol^acra K\rjl&i Ovpas lepolo
90 TreTrXo^, o 01 So/ce'ei ^api4crraTo<;

eli/ai eV! /ieyapa) fcai ot TroXu (^tXraro? au
Oelvai 'A^^at/ry? CTTI yov^acrt^ ^v/cd/xoto
/cat ot VTrocreV^at 8uo/cat8e/ca Sou? eVt



T^/cecrra? tepevo-e/^e^, at /c
95 acrrv re /cat Tpa>a>v aXd^ou? /cat vyjina TKi>a,

V T'X / ev s/ i 'jX' e^

dypiov al^fJirjTtji'j Kparepov jjuycrTajpa <^)d^8oto,
6V ST) eyw KapTicrrov 'Ayaiwv <f)r]p,l yevecrOai.

100 oi' Trep (kacTL 0a$ egejLtjLtez^at aXX ooe
jLtat^erat ouSe rt? ot Suz^arat /LteVos to~oc

Hector rallies the Trojans.

o>9 <f>a0\ ''E/crwp S' ou rt KacnyvTJTto diru
avTLKa S* e'f o^iwv <rvv Tev^ecrLv ctXro x a A
TrdXXft)!/ S* ofe'a Sovpe /cara crrpaTov (fix 670
105 oTpvvo)v iLayea'OLO'Oai, eyetpe Se <^V\OTTLV



,,



.sIX'IH BOOK OF THE ILIAD 127



ot 8* e\e\i^0rjcrav KOLL IVOLVTIOL e&rav
'Apyeloi 8* VTT.ya>p'r)o~OLV, Xrj^av 8e
<f)dv 8e TLV dOavdraiv cf ovpavov d



110 "E/crcop 8e Tpatecrcriv eKe/cXero p.aKpov dv



ecrre, c^i'Xoi, pvTjcrao'Oe Be OovpiBos d
irporl v lXioi> ^8e yepovcriv



115 8aip,oo'Lv dpTJoraarOai, VTroo"^O'0aL 8* e

W9 apa, <f)(i)VTJcra<; aTrefir
djji(f)l 8e /AI^ cr<f>vpa TVTTT KOL
avrvt; 17 TrvfJidrrj 64t.v dcrTTtSo? 6



Meeting of Glaucus and Diomed.

8* 'iTTTToXd^oio 770119 /cat TuSeo? uto
120 e? /ze'croz' d/x^>orepa>^ avviTrj^ /xe^awre /xd^ecr
ot 8* ore 87) cr^e86^ ^crai/ eV clXX^Xoicrt^ t
ro^ TTporepos 7rpoo"L7T fiorjv dyaOos Ato/xi^S^S'
"719 8e cru ecrcrt, <^eptcrT, KaraOvirjTwv dv0pa>7ra)v ;



OV L^ Ot 7TOT*



!_'") ro TrptV- dra/3 /ie> i/u^ ye TroXu

era) Odpcrti, o T fjLOv 8oXt^dcr/ctoi/ ey^o? e/xeti/a?

SiKrnfcajp 8e' re TratSe? e'/xa) /LteVet dzrridajcrti/.

et 8e' rt? dOavdrajv ye /car* ovpavov eiXrj

OVK OLV tya* ye Oeolcnv tTTOVpavioicrt,
130 ou8e yap ouSe ^pvavros uio? Kparepos Av/cdopyo?



_

05 Trore /xatro/ieVoto Aiw^vcroto Ti
creue /car* rjydOeov Nvo-^toi/- ai 8' d/ia Trdcrat
0v(T0\a ^a/xat Acare'^eua^, UTT* dv^po^ovoio AvKovpyov



128



135



OMHPOY IAIAA02 Z




140



aL /3ov7T\rjyi AtoWo-og Se <f)o/3r)0is
aXos Kara /cO/xa, erts 8* uTreSe'faro
SetStora /cparepo? yap e^e rpo/xos dVSpos op,OK\rj.
TOJ /ieV eVetr' oSucra^ro #eot peta aWr5,

/Cat /Atl> TV<$)\OV 07)K KpOVOV TTCtt? ' Ou8 ' tt^)' CT6 8

^, CTrel aOavaLTOKJiv aTTtj^deTo TTGLCTL

ouS' aV e'yw /^a/capecrcrt ^eot9 e

ec Se rt? ecrcrt fipoT&v, ot apovpyjs Kaprrbv

Oacrcrov oXeOpov ireipaF ucqcu,"



a.(T(Tov W\



The Family of Glaucus.

TOI> 8* aS^' 'iTTTToXo^oto TTpoo"r]v8a
145 "TuSetSi) [JLtydOvfJie, TL rj yeverjv

/" 0117 7T/0 <f)V\\0)l> yVT], TOUT) 8e

<uAAa ra /xeV r' avepos ^a/xaSi?
T7]\e06a)cra c^uet, eapo? 8* eVtyty^erat
ws av8pa)i> yevtrj r} ^ev (^>uet, 17 8
150 t 8' e^eXet? /cat ravra Saif/ie^at,

yeveyjv TroXXot 8e /it
770X15 'Ec^up^ /^v^aJ ^Apyeo? t
a Se ^tcrvc^o? ecrfcez/, o /cepStcrro? yeVer'
Stcrv(^)o? AtoXtS^?- 6 8' apa FXav/co^
155 avrdp FXav/co? ert/cre^ a^v^ova
TCO Se #eo! KaXXo? re /cat rjvogerjv
djiracrav avToip ot TTpotro? /ca/ca jJiijcraTO
05 />' e'/c ST^/XOV eXacrcre^, eVet TroXv
'Apyeiw Zev? yap ot UTTO o-KrjirTpa
160 rw Se yvz^T) ITpotrov eVe^r/^aro, St' ^

) (j)L\6rr]TL ^tyif/xe^at dXXa ro^ ou
' dya^a <^po^e / o^ra, Satc^po^a



Se



/3acrtX7?a




SIXTH HOOK OF TIIK ILIAD 129



s, co npotr', 17 /cd/crai/e

165 OS yL e$eXei/ (^tXoTTlTt fJLLyrjfJLevOLL OVK e'

a>9 (dro, roz/ Se avaKra ^dXog Xd/^ei/, otoi> aKovcrev

KTtlvai }JLv p dXe'eti/e, o~e/3do~o~aro yap TO ye $u/xa> T

/* 7re/x7re 8c />tt^ Au/c 1171/86, Tropev 8' o ye <njp,aTa Xuypa, J

ypai//a? ci/ vrtVa/ct TTTVKTO) OvjJLO(f)06pa vroXXa,
170 Setfat 8* rjvaryei w TrevOtpy, ocfrp* dno
avrap o j3?j AvKfyvSe Oewv UTT* dp.vp.ovL
dXX' ore 817 AvKLrjv tfe HaV#oj> re
7rpO(f)pova)<; [Liv Titv avaf;



/cat



175 dXX' ore 8?) 8e/cdri7 l(f)dvr) poSoSd/cruXo? ']
/cat rdre ILLV e'pe'eti/e /cat Tjree cr^/xa
orrt pa ot ya/z/3poto ?rdpa ITpotroto
avrdp eVet 87) o"rjp,a KO.KOV TrapeSe'faro ya/x,^8pov,
irpurov fjLtv pa Xt/xatpa^ d/xat/Lta/cerTjz/ tKeXevcrev

180 7T6(f)Vp,v. 77 8* dp* eV)^ Oeiov yeVo? ovS* dv9pa)Tr(i)v,
TTpocrue Xe'cDi/, OTTiOev 8e Spd/cwz/, p.eo'OTf) Se ^t/xatpa, y
8et^oz/ aTTOTn/etovcra Trvpos yiteVo? aWopevoLO.
/cat XT)*/ /xei' /careVe^t'e ^ea)i/ repdeo*crt TTiOrjcras
Seurepoi/ au SoXup,otcrt /xa^Tfcraro /cuSaXt/xotcrti/

185 KapricrTrjv 817 717^ ye pd^rjv (jfrdro

TO Tpirov av KOLTtTTtfyvtv 'A/xa^d^a? di



~5>* / N O/\ *\\

TOJ o ap avtp)(OfJLva) TTVKIVOV oo\ov akhov v
Kpwas e'/c AviCil^S eupetT]? ^xwra? dptcrrou?
eto~e Xd^o^ rot 8* ou rt ird\iv ot/cd^8e vzovro-
190 Traz/ra? yoip /careVe^i/e^ d/xvp,w^ BeXXepo<^)dj/T779.
dXX ore 8?) ytyi/ajcr/ce ^eov yoVoi' 7jui/ e'dz/ra,
aurou /xti/ /carepu/ce, 8t8ou 8* o ye Ovyarepa rjv,
Sw/ce 8e' ot rt/xi79 ^acrtX^tSo? T^tcru Trdcr^?-
/cat /ie^ ot Au/ctot re/iez/o9 rdjjiov e^ovov dXXwi/,



130 OMHPOY IAIAAO2



195 /caXoj> (^uraXtTjg /cat dpoup^?, oc^pa i/ejutotro.
17 S' ere/ce rpta reWa Sa't<^>poi>t BeXXepo^d^r^
^Icra^Spd^ re /cat 'iTTTrdXo^o^ /cat AaoSa//,etaz>
AaoSa/xet?7 /x-eV TrapeXe'faro ^/yjTtera Zeus,
17 S' ere/c* dvTiOtov SapTrT^Sp^a ^aX/co/copucrrTJ

200 dXX' ore ST) /cat /cet^g? aTn^^^ero TTOLCTL Oeoicriv,

T! TOL 6 KOLTT TreStO^ TO 'AX^tO^ OtO9 dXctTO

6V 9vpJov /careSw^, TTOLTOV dv0pa>7ra)v
Se ot vtoz^ *Apr)<; aTO? TTO

SoXv/^otcrt KdTKTav /cuSaXt/xotcrti/,
205 r^ Se ^oXwcra/xeV^ XPH22fc tO5 ^Apre/x-t? e/cra.

S' ejit' ert/cre, /cat e/c TOU ^/it yez^e'
Se' /x' e s ? TpotT^^, /cat /xot /xaXa TrdXX* eVer
atez/ dptcrTevetz/ /cat VTretpo^o^ e/x/ie^at aXXwi/,
jitT/Se yeVos Trar4pa)v alo'xyve^v, ot ftey* aptcrTot
210 eV r' 'Etfivprj eyevovTO /cat eV AVKLTJ eupeLrj.

Tavrif]^ TOL yeverjs T /cat atjitaTo? eu^ojitat eti^at."

Glaucus and Diomed prove to be Old Friends. They exchange Arms,
ws <aro, y7]0rjo-v Se ^8017^ dyaOos

avrdp o /AetXt^toto~t Trpocr^uSa

215 " 77 pa w /xot fet^o? TraTpakds ecrcrt TraXatd?
TTOTC Stog



ov



et ^ypoicriv

ot Se /cat dXX'^Xoio'i Tropov ^eivrjia /caXa
Oti>eL>5 /iez/ ^a)CTTrjpa StSou (J)OLVLK
220 BeXXepoc^d^TT^? Se ^pvcreov SeVa?

/cat jitw' eyai /caTe'Xet7roj> twi/ eV Sw/jtacr' e/ioto-tz/.

m^'Q 1 '' ' s/>v /)\ /

luoea o ov jLte/x^Ty^at, e?ret //, ert TVTUOV eovra
)', 6V eV rifiricriv aTrwXero Xao? '



SIXTH IJOOK OF THE ILIAD 131



TO) vvv crot p,v eyw eu>os c^tXos Apyet
225 et/it, cru 8* eV Au/ctrj, ore /cez> r&>^ SrjfAo

ey^ea S' aXX^Xw^ aXeaj/xe$a /cat OL o/AlXov*
TroXXot /xi^ ya/3 e/xoc Tpaie? /cXetrot r' eVt/coupoi
KTt'iveiv, ov K ^05 y '""op?? /ca ^ vrocrcrl /ct^etcu,
TroXXot 8* aS crot 'Amatol eVatpe/xe^, oz/ /ce
230 rev^ea 8' aXX^Xot? eVa/xeu//o/x^, o<^pa /cat cuSe

OTL eivoi TrarpcoiO
apa (fxiJVijo'avTe KaO* ITTTTMV

r' d\\yjXct)v Xa/BeTrjv /cat

!>#' avre FXav/co) Kpo^tSr^? c^peVa? efeXero
235 09 Trpos TvSetS?;^ Ato/x^Sea reu^e' d
tw^, e/caro/x^ot* e



Hector bids Hecuba offer Sacrifice to Athena.

"E/crojp 8* ws ^/catct? re TruXas /cat <f>r]ybv IKOLVZ.V
a/Ac/)' dpa /xti/ Tpa>a)v dXo^ot ^eor 7}8e Ovy
Lp6p,evaL TratSct? re /cacrty^rou? re era? re
240 /cat Trocrtas -68* eTretra ^eot? eu^ecr^at
TTCicra? ^079' TroXXirJcrt Se /c^Se* <f)fJ7TTO.
dXX* ore ST) TlpidfjiOio 8d/xo^ vrept/caXXe
f 0-777 5 ai0ovcrr]cri reruy/xeVo^, avrdp iv

OdXafjLOi fecrroto Xt'$oto,
eS^/Q/A^ot eV#a Se
Koip,a)vro ITpta/xoto rrapd ^L^TJCTT

KOVpdajV 8' TpO)0l> tVOLVTlOl V$O0V OLV\rj$

ecrav Tfyeot ^dXa/xot fecrroto Xt^oto,

d\\TJ\a)v 8e8/A77/LteVot eV^a Se
250 /cot/xaWo TTpid/AOto Trap* atSot^? dXd^otcrti/.
eV^a ot ^TTtdSajpo? ftHUrril) ij\[email protected]
AaoSt/cr^i/ eVdyoucra, Ovyarpuv etSos



132 'O/^OMHPOY IAIAAOS Z




eV T* dpa ot <fyy X L P^ ^ 7ro ? T

" TKVOV, Tt77Te Xt77O)Z/ 7r6\fJLOl>

255 77 /idXa 817 retpovcrt SucraWjuot ufe5 '

^apvd^evoi Trepl acrrv, ere 8' eV^aSe 6vp.os dvrJKtv

i\66vr e'f a.Kpr)S 770X109 Au

dXXa fteV, 6(f>pa /ce roi /xeXt^Se'a olvov



Att Trarpl KOL aXXot? aOavaTOio-iv ^
260 7Tpo)Tov, eVetra Se /cauro? overeat, at fee TTirjcrOa.
Y O^ ai>Sp! Se KKn,7](t)TL /uteVo? /xeya ou>o? de'fet,

/ ^/ v > / ** - 4 "

0) TVT KCKJirKOLS afJiVVWV (TOLCTIV Tr)(TLl>.

* eVreira /xeya? KopvOauoKos ""




/xot o^o^ aeiyoe /xet<)/>o^a, TTOTVLOL prrep,
265 /IT; /^' aTroyutcocr^?, /xeVeo? 8* dX/oJ? re XdOcojJb
l 8* dviTTTOKTiv Ati XetSeti^ aiOoTra OLVOV



TIT? ecrrt



\ ^

ai/xart Acal \v0pa* TreTraXay^voy eu^erdacr^at.
dXXd crv /xez/ 77/305 1/170^ ' ' A0r)vair)<s d
270 ep^eo cru^ Oveecrcriv, doXXtVcracra

8', 05 Tt5 rot ^a/3te / crraro5 >)8e /Aeyicrro5

l TOL 7TO\V



roz/

01 vnxxrco-^cu SvoKcuSefca ^8ov5 eVt ^770)





)/T^
275 77^15 ^Kecrra/; tepeucre/xe^, at /c' IXeijcrrj /\ i

acrrv re /cat TpaJajv dXo^ou5 /cat vTjTria TKVOL,
at /cei^ Tv8eo5 vto^ d77ocr^77 'iXtov tp7j5,
dypiov alxwTTJv, Kpartpov jJiTJcrrajpa <f)6/3oLO.
dXXd cru /ie^ 77^05 ^170^ ' ^#77^775 dyeXet775
280 ep^ev, e'ya) Se Ildpt^ /xereXeucrojitat, o</>pa /caXeVcra),
at /c' I0e\r)o-' et77O^ro5 d/couejite^- a>5 /ce r ot
yata ^dvoi- peya yap \LIV 'OXv/>t77to5 erpec^e
Tpwcrt re /cat Ilpta/ia) p.ya\iJTopL rotd re 77atcrtV.



SIXTH BOOK OF THE ILIAD 133

el Ktlvov ye tSot/xt /careX#6Vr' v AtSo? euro),



285



yrop 6tiK>9 e^cXeXa#ecr(9at."

Sacrifice to Athena by Trojan Matrons.



0)5 efbaO'. 79 Se LtoXouo"a Trort ueyap' du(t7rdXoto~tz;

1 JW III -* r "

k(V Ke/cXero. rat 8* dp* ddXXta'cra^ /card dVru

ui avrT) 8' e'5 0d\oi^ov /care^crero /CTjOjeyra,

eV^* ecraz/ ot TrerrXot 7ra/x<7rot/ctXot, epya yvvaiKaiv



290 2t8o^ta>^, ra? auro?



Oev, eVtTrXa)? evpea TTOVTOV,
717 v 680^, i)V 'EXeVr;^ 7re/3 dvTJyayev






O? KCtXXlCTTOS

295 acTTrjp 8* a)? d,7re XafJiwev - e/cetro 8e veia.TO$ dXXcui/.
^SiJ 8* teVat, TroXXat 8e yLterecrcrevo^ro yepatat.

at 8* ore 1^170^ t/ca^o^ 'AOijvrjs eV TrdXei d/cpr;,
r^cri Ovpas wife ^)ea^ai /caXXtTrdp^o?
Kicrcr^t?, dXo^o? 'Arr^Vopo? tTTTroSct/xoio

300 r^ yd/3 Tpaies e6r]Kav 'Aftyvouiy
al 8* oXoXuyrj Trdcrai 'AOirjvr) ^et
TJ 8* dpa 7T7r\ov eXoOcra eai/a)
OTJKCV 'A^VCUl^S eVi you^acrt^
eu^o/xeVT; 8* 7ypa.ro Ato? Kovprj /xeyaXoio-

305 " TTori^t' *A0r)vai7j, puo*t7rroXi, Sta Oedcov,
SL^OV 8?) ey^o? Ato/AT/Seog, ?}Se /<at avrov
Trprjvea 865 Trecre'eti/ ^/catw^ TrpondpoiOe 7ruXcia)i/,
o(f)pa rot avTLKa. vvv 8uo/cat8e/ca ^801)5 eVt ^w
771/15 r)K(TTa<; tepeuo^o/xe^, at /c* eXeijcrrjs

310 ao~ru re /cat Tpcoau' dXd^ov? /cat vrjTTicL re/cz/a.
cos e^ar' ev^o/xeVT;, dVeVeue 8e IlaXXd? '





134 OMHPOY IAIAA02 Z

Hector goes to the House of Paris.

cSs at p4v p tv^ovTO Atos Kovprj ju,eydXoto,
v E/cr&>/D 8e Trpos Sw/Aar' 'AXefdVSpoto pefirJKei
/caXd, rd p* auros ereufe <rw dz>8/3acrtz>, ot roV dptcrr

315 7^crai> eVt Tpotrj et^wXa/a^ reVroz/e? ai/Spe?-
01 ot eiroLTjcrav OaXapov KOL 8w/xa fcal avXrjv
lyyvOi re HpidfJiOLO /cat ^E/cropo? eV TroXet aK

eV 8' apa X et /
TrdpoiOe 8e Xa/iTrero

320 ctt^/LtT) ^aXfcetT^, Trept Se ^piJcreo?
roz^ S* evp* ez^ OaXdfjia) Trept/caXXea
ao-TTtSa /cat OatprjKa, /cat ay/cuXa rdf d<f)6a)VTa
'Ayoyetry S' 'EXeV^ /xer' apa S/xwrJcrt
T)CTTO /cat a^c^tTroXotcrt Trept/cXvra epya

325 TOJ> 8' "E/CTwp viK.crcrev I8a>v ato-^pot

"Sat/id^t', ov /x,e&> /caXa ^dXoz/ rdz^S* [email protected]
Xaot /lez/ ^BivvOova-i Trepl TTTO\IV anrv re
fjLapvdp,evoi creo 8* etVe/c' dvrT; re TrroXe/xos re
acrrv ro8' d^tSeS^e cru 8* az/ />ta^ecrato /cat aXXw

330 oz> rtz>a ^ov (ie0iVTa t8ot? crrvyepov TroXe/xoto.
dXX* az^a, /AT) rot^a acrrv Trvpos 8771010 ffepqrou,"



Paris promises to go forth to fight.



"





TOV 8* aure 7rpoo~e'et7rez' 'AXe'faz'Spo?
" v E/crop, eVet p, KOiT cucrav veiK<ras ouS' virep ato-az/,
rowe/cd rot epeiw cru Se crvvOto /cat />teu OLKOVGOV.
335 ov rot eya) Tpwwz/ rdcrcroz/
r^jiiqv iv ^aXd/xa), eOe\ov 8*

z>uz; 8e' /xe TrapetTToOo-' aXo^o? /xaXa/cots eVe / eo-(7tz/
' e's 7rdXe/z,oz^, 8o/ce x et 8e r /xot wSe /cat



SIXTH BOOK OF THE ILIAD 135



\(i)iov eVcrecr#at. viK-q 8*
340 dXX' aye vvv eVt/iet^o^, dpijua reu^ea

* */) j \ \ / / /) O ' > /

17 tt7 , eyw oe /leret/xt, /a^creo-pat oe o~ ot&>.

cog <dro, TOI> 8* ou rt
roi/ 8' c E\eVi7 p.v6oi(TL
" Saep e/xeto, KVVOS

cos JLC* oc^eX* T^iari TO), ore /xe 7rpa)Tov reVe
ol^ea-Oai 7rpo(f)povcra KaKrj ave^oio OveXXa
et? opo? 17 el? Kvp,a TroXvffrXoLcrfloio
cV^a /xe ACU/X* aTToepcre Trapo? raSe epya
avrap eVet raSe y' cSSe ^eoi KOLKOL

360 ai/Spo? cVetr' ajfaXXov ape'ivovo^ elvai d/cotrt?,
05 17817 VfL<TW re /cat aic7^a TrdXX* OLvOpam
TOVTO* 8' our' cxp i^i)^ <f>pv<s e/xTreSot OUT* dp
eVo~oi>Tcu TCU /cai /xti' l7ravpTJcrcr0ai otco.
'dXX' dye ^i/ eto-eX#e /cat ei^eo rajS' eVt

355 8aep, eVet *<re /xctXtcrra TTO^O? fypevas d
eiW/c' e'/xeto /cu^o? /cat 'AXefd^Spov eVe/c*




OICTLV em Zeug #rj/ce KOLKOV jjiopov, w? /cat OTU

dotSt^Ltot



Hector refuses to sit down. He is needed on the Battle Field, and
he wishes to see his Wife and his Child.



8' ^/xet^er' eVetra /xeya? /copu^atoXo? ^
/ie /cd^t{', 'EXeV^, <f)L\ov(rd Trep- ouSe /AC Tretcret?-
yd/> /xot ^u/xog eVeVcrurat, o</>p'

ot /le'y* e'/xeto TtoOrjv aTreoVro? e

dXXct cru y* opvvOi rouro^, eVetyeV^co 8e /cat aurd?,
eS? /cei/ e/Lt* evro&Otv TrdXto? /cara/xdpi//^ e'd^ra.
365 /cat yap eywj/ ot/cdi^S* eVeXeuo-o/iat, o(/>/3a t
ot/c^a? dXo^d^ re <f)i\r)v /cat



136 OMHPOY IAIAAO2 Z

ov yap T oIS', 17 en cr$iv viroTpoiros igopai
77 17817 p VTTO X P cr ^




Hector goes to his Home, but Andromache is not there.

o>5 apa <f)a)VTJ<ra<; dnc^rj KopvOaioXos ""
370 au//a 8* eVet^' i/caz^e Sd/^ou? e'u i/atrao^ra9,
ouo' eup* 'A

17 ye fw TratSl fcal a^LTroXa) V7T7rXa)

O) 4(f)CTT7JKL JOOOKTa T fJLVpOp,Vrj T.

8' w? OVAC eVSoz> d/iu/^o^a TerjAev a/cotrt^,
375 ICTTTJ CTT* ovoov Iwv, fJLTa Se $jji(t)r)a'w etLTrev
" et 8* aye /xoi, S/^wat, ^jnepre'a jJiv0TJo-acr0e'
irfj /3rj J A^Spo/Aa^T7 XevKatXevos K fJieydpoLo;
ye Try e? yaXo&w 77 tivar4pa)v evvreVXaj^,
^ e<? 'A^^atTy? efot^erat, eV^a ?rep aXXat
380 Tpwal eWXd/ca/xot Set^^ #eo*> iXdo-Kovrcn, ; "
8* aSr* QTpjjprj Tapir) TT/OO? p&Oov Z
eVei




OVT 7777 e? ya\oa)v OVT eivaTepajv
our' e? 'A^TpaiTjs e'fot^erat, evOa irep aXXat
385 Tpaxxl ewrrXoKapoL Sewrjv Oebv tXao"Aco^rat,
fdXX* eV! Trvpyov 8ri ueyav 'iXtou, OVVZK

> a rp - / / / T

reipecruai Ipwa?, /xeya oe /cparo? et^ai
77 /*e> Sr) 77/005 rei^05 eVetyo/xeVi7 dfaitdvei
naivopevr) IIKVLCL- <f)pei S* a/z,a 77at8a Tiffrfvrf."





Hector and Andromache meet near the Scaean Gate.

390 77 yoa yu^?) ra/UTi., 6 8' direcro-vTO S<y/xaro5
TT)^ avrrjv o8bv aSrt5 IvKTipevas /car* dyuta5.
eure ?7uXa5 t/caj/e 8te/o^d/ie^o5 /^eya ao"ru,
S/caias, TT^ ap' e/xeXXe Steft/xei/at 1



SIXTH BOOK OF THE ILIAD 137



395 'Aj'Spo^dx?], Ovydrrjp /xeyaX^TOpos '
iW, 05 evautv VTTO IlXa/cw u

irjj KiXucecrcr' aVSpecnT(,i> d^a



TOV 7Tp 817 9vydrif]p X^
T! 01 tTTZLT r)VT7)(T\ O^OL 8

400 TTdtS' eVt KO\TTO) \ov(T aTa\d<f)pova,

^^ dyaTT^rd^, aX'iyKiov acrTepi /caXw,
y9* v ^KTO)p /caXe'ecr/ce S/ca^tat/Spcq^, avrap ol aXXot
'ACTTV OLVOLKT - 0109 yap tpvero *lXto^ "E/crwp.
^ rot 6 /xe^ p,i$7]crev tSwz/ e? vratSa (n.ayrfj



Andromache begs Hector to remain within the Walls.
Ty 8e ot ay^t Traptcrraro $a.Kpv



T* apa ot <^>T} X i P^ ^ 7ro ? r> S^ar' e/c r*



405



" Sai/ioVie, (j)di(TL ere TO crbv /x,eVog, ouS*

)d TC vr)TTiOi\ov Koi fJL afjLfjiopov, 77 Ta^a
ecro/mat- Ta^a yap ere KOLTaKTaveovcriv 'A

HO TTCtKre? <f>OpfJL7]0l>T<; ' [JLol 8e K /CepStO^ 17]

creu d^afjiaprovcrrj yftovo* ^v^evai ov yap eV

O~TOLL da\7Ta)pTJ) 7Tt ai/ O"U y TTOTfJiOV 7TtO'7r7J5,

v ~~~5 o / v \ \ / /



dXX' a '* e/ x l ^ (7rt 7rari Ka ^ ^OTi/ta -rTi.



TI TOL yap Trarep* a/xo^ aTre/cra^e 8105 'A^t-XXev?,
H5 eV 8e TrdXti/ Trecrtv KL\LKO)V lv




/cara 8* KTavev 'Hert'oji/a,

yap TO y

dXX* apa /xii^ KaTK7] crvv VTecn SatSaXeotcrti/
7)8* eVi O-T/// t\f.tv TTf.pl 8e
10 vvp.(j)aL opecTTtdSe?, Kovpai Atos

ot 8e /iot CTrra Kacriyvr^roi ecrav eV p.eydpoL(TLVy j /
01 Lte^ Traces tw Kto^ TxaTt v At8o9 eta




138 OMHPOY IAIAAO2 Z








yap KaTTre<f)ve

fiovcriv ITT e^XtTroSecrcr
425 fvrjTCpa, 8 s , 77 /3a<Ti\6vev VTTO IlXa/cw v

TT)^ eTret dp Seup* r^yay dp? dXXotcrt /CTarcr(7tp,

ai// o ye TT)^ aTreXvcre

Trar/30? 8'

I c/ E/cro/3, drap crv /xoi eVcrt TraTrjp KCU TTOTVIOL p<rJTr)p /
430 -^Se Kao"tyi>77Tos, cru 8e

aXX' aye i^i}^ e'Xeatpe feat avrou /.tijut^' eVt

/AT) TratS' opfyavLKOv ^ryg XQH V T yvvaiKa.'
Se a-Trjcrov nap* ipiveov, [email protected] /ictXicrra
o? ecrn 770X15 /cat eTrtSyoo/ioz/ errXero
435 rpi? yap rr} y* tkOovrts tTTtip-ija-avO' ol apicrroi

cifjL(f) y Atai^re 8uw /cat aya/cXuroi> 'l8o/^

7)8' d/x<^' 'Arpei'Sas /cat TvSeo? aX/ctjutoi^

?} 7TOU Tt5 (T(f)LV VIO"JT. OtOTrpOTTLtoV V C

77 ^u /cat avTwv OVJJLOS TTOTpvi>l /cat a^wyet."]

Hector must fight among the Foremost. I _

440 TT)Z^ 8' aure TrpocreeiTre /^eya? KopvOauoXos c/ E/cr&>yo
"77 /cat e/xot raSe Trdvra /-teXet, yvz^at dXXa ^aX' atz/ais
atSeojaat Tpaia? /cat TpwaSa? eX/cecrtTreVXoi;?,
at /ce /ca/cos w? vocrfyiv dXvcr/cd^w TroXc/ioto-
ouSe /xe Byjjios avwyev, eTret p,aOov ep.p.evo.i e

445 atet /cat TTpo)Toi(Ti /icrct Tpwecrcrt /xd^ecr^at
dpvvp,evo<; Trarpd? re /xeya /cXeos 778' e s //,oj>
/' e5 yap eya> rdSe ot8a /card <f)pva /cat /card

v ? </ v > j\ r\ * T \ \

j ecrcrerat r^/xap, or ai^ TTOT o\.a)\rj lAtos tpr)
| /cat IIptajLto? /cat Xao? v/x/LteXtaj Ilptd/xoto.
450 dXX ou jitot Tpajcuz/ rdcro'o^ /leXet aXyo? OTrt
our* avrrjs 'Eiea/9i?$ cure IIptd/>toto d



SIXTH HOOK OF THE ILIAD 139

ovre KOi<TiyvriTa)v, 01 Kev TroXe'e? re /cat ecr#Xot
iv KovLrjcri TTtcroiev VTT dvSpdcTL



ocrcrov crei), ore /ceV rt9



455 8a/cpudeo\Tai> dyrjrat, \v0pov yfjiap dirovpas
/cat KCV eV ^Apyet e'oucra 77/309 aXXry? to-ro^ v^ai
K:at /cei^ v8wp c^opeois Mea-cr^tSog 17 '
TrdXX* ae/ca^o/xeVr}, Kpareprj 8* e7rtACto~T J dvd
/cat TTore rt? etTrr^o-ti/ tSwi/ /cara 8a/cpv ^

460 ' v E/cro/305 iJSe yui^^, 09 dpLcrTevecrKt



ore



Trore rt9 cpcct, crot 8' au z^eo^ eVo"erat cx\yo9
fret rotouS' a^S/309, dpvveiv SouXtoi/
dXXa /xe T0vr)a>Ta X 07 ^! KaT <*- ya-ta /c
465 7r/3tV ye rt o"^9 re ^80779 crov ^'



Hector takes his Child in his Arms and prays for him.
8o9 ope^aro <atSt/xo9 E/crwp



L> 7rat
8' 6



r
TO Setz^o^ aTT* aKpordrj]^ Kopv9o<$ vevovra

IK 8' e'ye'Xacrcre TTGLTTJP re <^>tXo9 /cat TTOTVIO.

avrt/c' 0,770 /cparo9 KopvO* etXero <^)at8t/AO9 ""

/cat r^ /ie^ KaT0r)Kv eVt ^Oovl 7rafjL<f)av6a)crav,

GLvrdp o y 6v <$)i\ov vibv eVet /cucre TT^Xe re

et7rei> eVeufd^ei/09 Ait r* dXXoto-tV re

"Zev dXXot re 0eoi', Sore 87) /cat rd^8e

TratS' e'/idi/, W9 /cat e'yoj Trep, dpiTr/JCTre

w8e /^t/rji/ r* dyaOov /cat '

/cat TTore' rt9 etTrot '7rar/3O9 7* o8e TTO\\OV apeivatv '



140 OMHPOY IAIAAO2 Z

480 e/c 7roXe)u,ou dviovra- <f)poi 8* evapa
STJLOV dv$pa, yaptij) 8e




Hector comforts Andromache and sends her home.
o>9 elircjv aXd^oto (^1X779 eV ^epcrlv c

*&t e / e v / O //

Trato o^* 07 o apa $LIV KrjajOL oefaro
SaKpvoev yeXacracra TTOCTI? S* IXerjcre voijcras
485 X 61 / 3 '' Te/ / LLtI/ KdTtpe^ev, erro? r' e<^ar' e/c r

" BaijJLOVL'YJj p.lj fJLOL Tl \Llf]V OLKa^L^O OvfJLO) '

ov yap ri5 /x* vvrep olo-av dvrjp ^AtSt irpoiau
Hoipav 8' ov ni^a ^/xi Tre^vypevov e/x/xe^ai
ov KOLKOV, ovSe jucet' ecrOXov, 7r^_ra TTjOwra yevrjrai

490 dXX' ei? olfcoz^ tovcra ra cr' avr^5 e/3ya
ICTTOV T rjXaKCLTrjv re, Kal djLt^)t7rdXotcrt
tpyov iTTOL^efrOai- TrdXe/^o? 8* avSpecrcn
Trdcrt^, e/xoi 8e ^dXto~ra, rot 'iXta) eyyeydacrti/."
wg a/3a (^w^cra? KopvO* etXero

495 linrovpiv' aXo^os Se (^1X17 ot/cd^Se

eW/>07raXio/AeV77, Oakepov Kara 8a.Kpv yeovcra.
ahfja 8* TTL0 y LKave SO/AOU? ei) ^aterdo^ra?

po(j)6voLo, Ki^jjo-aro 8* eVSo#i TroXXct
rrjcriv Se ydoz/ Trdcr^criz/

500 at /iez/ en {wo^ ydoz^ v E/cropa <5 &

ov yctp /xtz^ er* e^>a^ro virorpoTrov IK TroXe/xoto
l^ecrOai TrpocfrvyovTa /xeVo? /ecu



I

'



Paris overtakes Hector by the Scaean Gate.

ovSe Ildpis ^rfOvvev eV vifj^XoicrL Sd/iotcrt^,
dXX' o y* eVel KareSv /cXvrd rev^^a Troi/aXa
605 o'evar* eTretr* d^d d'crrv, 7700*1 /cpac7T^oto"i
a5? 8* ore Tt? crrarog ITTTTOS, d/cocrr^o"a9 eVt



SIXTH BOOK OF THE ILIAD 141

Secr/xoi/ aTTOpp^'fag #07 TreStoto



TTOTa/AOtO,

V 8e /cdprj ex et ' ^^ ^c ^atrai
610 aJ/ioi? dtcro-oz'Tat 6 8* dyXat^t 7re7rot#aj9,
pijjL(f)a e yovi/a <f>pi fjierd r' ^ea /cat vop.ov
OJ9 uto? HpidfjiOLO Tidpis /caret Hepydpov a
reu^ecrt 7ra/x<^atVaj^ w? r' 2^219>p> [email protected]]Kip
KayyaXoo)^, ra^eeg 8e TrdSe? (frepov. ati//a 8' eTretra
516 E/cropa Stoi/ TTjJiv dSeX^edr, ur' ap' eJ
o-TpfyecrO' IK X^P 1 ? 5 ' ^ l ^ odpu^e yv^at/ct.
roi/ 7T/30Tpo9 Trpocretnrev 'AXefa^Spo?
" 77#et', ^ /xctXa Sr; ere /cat ecrcn^tez'oi'
, ovS*



620 TOI> 8* a7rap.L/36fJLe^o<; wpoa'tyl) /copu^atoXo?

I" 8at/xdi/t', ov/c aV rt? rot ivijp, 09 eVaurc/iQS
tpyov dTLp,T]crL fjid^T]^, eVet dX/ct/xd? ecrcrt-
dXXct /ca>i/ /Lt#tt<? re /cat ou/c e^eXet?- TO 8' e'
OL^VVTOil V 0VfJLO), O& V7Tp (TtBtV aLO"^ OLKOVO)

325 Trpo? Tpwa)^, ot eyovcn TTO\VV TTOVOV elveKa crelo.
dXX' ZojJLtv ra 8 ' oiricrOtv dpea'O'o^eO^ ', at /ce ?ro^t
Sctjr; lirovpavLOicn, Oeols altiytvtTrjcrLv
KprjTrjpa crTJjcrao-OaL \ev0pov eV p,eydpot,criv,
IK Tpotry? e'Xa'craj/ras eu/c^/xtSa? '






Mt.Olympus



Doddnao




Mt.Erymanthu



Athens



Carysius



Corinth

o : AO"
Aleisium \ tf Orchomenus Mycenae

I A R C A D 1A |""" 8 ""Ti^
- a




Geraestus o



C.Sunium



Pylus /Plieraeo ^



/ ^

Mt.Taljgeius Helus



HOMERIC GREECE

(AFTER KIEPERT)



C.Taenarum



C.Malea



CYTHRA









COMMENTARY

TO THE FIRST BOOK OF THE ILIAD

1-7. Prooemium : The wrath of Achilles, from its very beginning, and the
destructive consequences which followed in accordance with the will of Zeus.
This is the principal theme of the Iliad. ' These first verses are like the
tones of a funeral march rising to a sky shrouded in gloomy clouds.' A
series of verses which like heralds announce the whole poem. A gloomy
cloud gathers over the Greeks. The field is covered by the corpses of
fallen heroes. Dogs and vultures tear the bodies of the slain. The most
powerful of men and the mightiest mortal descendant of Zeus quarrel.
Zeus has determined the destruction of the people. All this in a single
sentence which closes with 'A^tAAev?.' Hermann Grimm.

The First Book serves as an introduction to the whole poem. It nar-
rates the story of the strife between Achilles and Agamemnon, and the
decree of Zeus, which is made on the intercession of Thetis. The events
narrated in this Book occupy twenty-one days. See 6 a. For the situa-
tion at the opening of the war, see 5.

1. jifiviv: the H'i'fitit, Ifixtinii ////'/, the memorem iram of Verg. Aen.
i. 4. Cf. 81, 247, 488. This receives prominence as being most impor-
tant for the subject of the poem. The definite article is not needed in
early Greek. The connection decides, as in Latin, whether the article
should be used in translation. See 42 k. ted : i.e. the Muse. The
Muses bestow the gift of song (0 64), and take it away (B 599 f.).



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