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537. Xo\K(8a: .the chief town of Euboea, on the strait of Euripus at
its very narrowest part. It is separated from Boeotia by a channel so
narrow that the rocks have been blasted away in order to open a passage
for steamers of ordinary size. In the early times of Greek history,
Chalcis exhausted its own strength by sending out colonies, founding
the first Greek settlement in the West (Cumae in Campania), and the first
in Sicily (Naxos, about 735 B.C.), and sending so many colonies to the
southern shore of Thrace as to give its name to the great promontory of
C halcidice. ElfxrpCav : the later Eretria. The short quantity of e before rp
is unusual in Homer. 59 g. 'LrrCoiav : trisyllabic by < synizesis.' 25 a.

540. oos "Aptjos : scion of Ares, denoting bravery; only metaphorical in
limner. Cf. OcpdTrovTts'Aprjos 110.

542. oiriOcv Kojioovrts: see on 11. Mark the new thoughts added in
this sentence by the adjectives without conjunctions.

544. This verse is composed apparently of six spondees. 57 d.
&T]O>V: construe with o-rij&o-criv. i is here pronounced as y.

546-558. Tin' Athenians and Salamhiian.i. 546. 'AOrjvas : the city here
n-p resents Attica. The promontory of Sunium and Marathon are men-
tioned in the Odyssey. In the line of battle, the Athenians had the
Pylians on their left and the (Vphalli-niuns on their right. They were not
prominent in the conflicts. IvKrCjuvov : cf. ' Where on the Aegean shore
a city stands | Built nobly, pure the air, and light the soil; | Athens, the
eye of Greece, mother of arts | And eloquence,' Milton Par. Regained
iv. 238 ff.

548. T^ct Si KT\. : parenthetical clause. Erechtheus is called yrrycvrjs
by Herodotus and others. The Athenians boasted that they were children
of the soil



90



COMMENTARY TO THE




549. Ko.8: construe with euro/. Cf. dm etcrev A 310 f irfovi: with

reference to the votive offerings and other treasures stored there. vr\^ :
recent excavations show that before the Persian invasion the temple of
Athena on the Acropolis stood to the north of the Parthenon (dedicated
at the great Panathenaic festival 438 B.C.), with foundations extending
under the Hall of the Caryatides of the Erechtheum (completed about
407 B.C.). Columns and other architectural fragments of the pre-Persian
temple of Athena were built into the wall of the Acropolis.

550. (iCv: i.e. Erechtheus, who was worshiped with Athena, since the
two were considered the founders of the civilization of the country.

551. irepiTcXXoie'vwv : see on 295. This then was an annual festival.




CORRIDOR OF THE CITADEL OF TIRYNS

552. UCTCWO: the family of Peteos claimed descent from Erechtheus.

553 f. TW 8' ov irw KT/V. : according to Herodotus, an ambassador of the
Athenians in the time of the second Persian War referred to these verses
with pride before Gelo, tyrant of Syracuse. But the Iliad does not else-
where mention or show this skill of Menestheus.

554. Koo-fiTi<rai [TO&U, 17] : the infinitive is used here as an accusa-
tive of specification. fonrovs : i.e. men on chariot*, horses, and all that
went with them.






SECOND BOOK OF THE ILIAD 91

557. Atas: i.e. the son of Telamon. SaXajuvos : Salamis forms a sort
of stepping-stone in the enumeration, as the poet passes from central
Greece to Peloponnesus. Telamon had removed to Salamift from Aegina
(the home of his father Aeacus), because he had killed his brother.

558. a-ywv : for the participle, cf. ajuK^uVoi/res 5l?5. Ajax here is brought
into such close connection with Athens that he appears as a national hero
of Attica. This was in accord with the later Athenian tradition. One of
the ten tribes (<vAcu) of Attica was named AUUT&, after him.

559-624. 1'rlniHnnn.oi*. 559-568. Argos.

559. Ap<yos: the city, not the country. rtixioto-o-av : trell walled; liter-
ally, rich in MV///X, since Tiryns was famous for its walls, the best known
and perhaps the oldest extant example of the so-called Cyclopean architec-
ture. These walls are thought to have been fifty or sixty feet in height,
and in places are twenty or twenty-five feet thick. In the time of Anto-
ninus Pius they were declared to be as great a wonder as the Egyptian
pyramids. Excavations were conducted there by Dr. Schliemann in 1884-
85, laying bare the plan of an extensive and elaborate structure*

560. KOTO. xwras : wkick OCCVpy.

561. Tpoi^va: famous for the worship of Poseidon and as the early
home of Theseus. dfiircXocvra : for the form, cf. Trooyevra 503. 'Eir8av-
pov: famed for its temple of Asclepius. The theater (built under the
direction of Polycletus, with seats and orchestra still well preserved) and
other ruins there were excavated during 1881 and the following years.

562. Afyivav: this island in very early times was conquered by Epi-
daunis. In the eighth century B.C. it was ruled by Pheidon of Argos.

Kovpoi 'AXO.IWV : differs only slightly from vt? 'A^aioii/ 281.

563. AiojjtT|8iis : 1 Homed belonged to the old race of rulers in Pelopon-
nesus (the race of Danaus ami lVr-eu>) who preceded Pelops and his line.

566. MTJKIO-TTJOS : brother of Adrastus, and thus great-uncle of Diomed.
vl6s : f< >r t lie sin >rt penult, cf. 544, A 489. 569-580. Agamemnon's realm.

569. MvKT|vas: the residence of Agamemnon, whose realm lay in
northern Peloponnesus (the later Achaea), extending to Elis. Above
the gate of the citadel remains the sculptured representation of two lions,
rohahly the earliest extant sj>ecimen of (ireek sculpture on Greek soil.
Near the citadel are great subterranean structures, tombs, of which the finest
and largest is the so-called 'treasure house f Atreus.' Mycenae (the
singular form also is us,-d ; see $ :}7 */) is called by Homer evpvayvtu and
The Utter epithet v\as shown to be justified by the discov-

ies in the excavations by Dr. Schliemann in 1^7<!-77. See 3 b.



foAt'Xpvo-o?
ies in tlu




92 COMMENTARY TO THE

570. cufmiov KopivOov : Corinth was made wealthy in early times by
its trade, lying as it did between two seas. The old name was Ephyra,
and the poet does not put the name Corinth into the mouth of his actors.

572. "ASp-rio-Tos : king of Argos, grandfather of Diomed. He was
driven out of Argos by Amphiaraus, and fled to Sicyon, to his mother's
father, whom he succeeded on the throne. He was the leader of the
< Seven against Thebes ' and the only one of the seven who returned home
alive. irpttTa : at first, with reference to his return to Argos.

574. ncXXrjviiv: in Achaea, about six miles from the sea. Afyiov :
later the capital of the twelve Achaean cities. Near it was a sanctuary of
Zeus 'OfjuayvpLos, where Agamemnon was said to have planned the expedi-
tion against Troy, with the most honored of the Greeks.

575. avd: cf.ava 8w/xa A 570. evpelav : a frequent epithet of a
country (as of Crete and the Troad) ; rarely applied as here to a city.

576. TWV [TOVTWV] : i.e. the inhabitants of the cities mentioned just
before. The genitive depends upon vrj&v, the ships of these, their ships. Cf.
509, 685, while in 587, 610, 713, 719, vewj/ is in apposition with TWV.

577. iroXv irXc&rroi: since the kingdom of Agamemnon was most;
extensive. Thus he had the largest force of ships himself, and could
beside these lend sixty ships to the Arcadians (610-614). His rule <over
many islands,' implying naval power, is mentioned in 108.

578. iv U: but among them; cf. 588, A 142. xo\i<6v: cf. 417.

580. OVVCKO, : because, referring to /ouStoW. apurros : sc. in kingly
dignity and power, as is shown by the next verse. See on A 91.

581-590. The realm of Menelaus.

581. KtjTwco-orav : the sharply cut ravines of the mountains are one of
the most striking characteristics of the Spartan landscape.

584-. 'AjjivK\as : this was one of the most important Laconian cities
before the Dorian conquest, and long maintained its independence, by the
side of Sparta. "EXos : a city on the coast, from which the name helot
was said to be derived, since its inhabitants were enslaved by the Spartans.

585. Adav : for the name, cf. l Stoneli&m,' ' Stonington.'

586. ol : for him, his.

587. vv : in apposition with TWI/. See on 576. dirdrepOt : sc. from the
troops of Agamemnon. This marks the political independence of Mene-
laus.

588. cv & : as 578. TrpoQv^tri iriroi0<os : for the antepenult of -rrpoOv-
fjiiycri, see 59 &. The plural is used because of the many occasions on
which his zeal had prompted him to act. Cf. /xeVca 536.









SECOND BOOK OF THE ILIAD 93

590 = 356. 591-602. The forces of Nestor.

591. IKXov : Messenian Pylus, on a harbor that is well protected by
the island Sphacteria. During the Peloponnesian War (425 B.C.) the
Athenians established themselves here and held the position for fifteen
years. In this harbor (then called Xavarino), Oct. 20, 1827, the Turkish
fleet was nearly annihilated, and the Greek war for independence was
virtually decided. The realm of Nestor was founded by his father Neleus
(son of Poseidon), who had been driven from lolcos in Thessaly by his
brother Pelias (cf. 715).

592. iropov: ford; in apposition with pvov. Cf. oAtros 506.

594. jiovo-ai, : for the plural, cf. 484.

595. TOV 0pt|iKa: that Thracian. For the use of the article, cf. A 11.
The Thracian bards, Orpheus, Musaeus, Eumolpus, etc., who were called
the fathers of Greek poetry, did not live in historic Thrace but in Pieria,
in southern Macedonia, on the east slope of Olympus. Thence the wor-
ship of the Muses was brought to Helicon and Parnassus. Thamyris is
here thought of as wandering after the manner of the later bards (doiSot)
and visiting the courts of the princes.

597. evxofitvos : for the participle of manner, see on Iwv A 138. et irep
av : even granted that, supposing that. Here alone is av found, instead of
KtV, with a and the optative ; cf. A 60 ; see 18 d /?. The form in direct
discourse would be nxr/crat/xt av, ei irep av avrat /xov<reu aei'Sotev.

598. Kovpeu KT\. : cf. 491 f.

599. tn\p6v : maimed, here probably mute (cf. 595), though a later tradi-
tion represented him as blind. avrdp KT\. : this states the result of their
action, although elsewhere avrdp is used to introduce something new.

600. ^KXtXaBov (.ST. fi.tv) : reduplicated aorist ( 43 e), used transitively ;
only here construed like a verb of depriving, with two accusatives.

603-614. The Arcadians. The Arcadians are not mentioned as taking
part in any of the conflicts before Troy. They may be thought of as
closely connected with (or included among) the forces of Agamemnon.

603. <x ov: c f- 'OAu/ATria Sto/tar' I^OVTCS A 18. viro fipos : up under the
mountain.

604. AlirvTiov : of Aepytus. For the use of the adjective, cf. N^A-T/tw 20.
Aepytus, son of Elatus, was an old Arcadian hero whose descendants
reigned long in Arcadia. His mound, which in the time of the early
Roman emperors still rested on its circle of stones, reminds scholars of the
German graves of the Huns. fva (where) : sc. ctViV. For the omission of
the copula in a relative elau>c, <-f. A r. 17.



94 COMMENTARY TO THE

605. 'Opxofwvo'v : to be distinguished from Minyan Orchomenus (511).

608. 2TV[A<j>T]\ov : famous for its lake (which has a subterranean chan-
nel that comes to the surface and empties into the sea near Argos) and
for the labor of Heracles in killing the birds here.

610 f. 4v vijl KT\. : cf. 509.

614. OaXoLo-o-ia epya. : cf. TroAe^ia epya 338. Arcadia, alone of the
countries of Peloponnesus, touched the sea at no point. Cf. praetor
Achaeorum [Philopoemen] . . . rudis in re navali erat, Areas,
mediterraneus homo Livy xxxv. 26.

615-624. The Eleans. 615. Bovirpowriov : the 'whole and part'
are often thus united; cf. 632, 'Peter and the Apostles,' Acts v. 29.

616. oo-<rov <|)' : i.e. <' ocrcrov. . Construe with ei/ros ee/oyei, incloses,
bounds; literally, to as far, i.e. as far as. Cf. T 12.

620. fwT)<rd<r0T]v : aorist, as 678, 864, 867, 870. Cf. ypx*, was leader.

621. 6 |Uv : i.e. Amphimachus. Evpvrov : not to be confounded
with Eurytus of 596. 'AKT<>PIV : here of the grandsons of Actor. See
39 m.

624. Av-yTjidSao : Augeas was the king of Elis whose stables have
become proverbial. See on 660.

625-644. The Western Islands and Aetolia. 625-630. DulicUum.

625. ot 8 : sc. rjcrav. The poet places Dulichium and the other Echin-
ades (which lie off the mouth of the Achelotis) far to the south of their
real position, off the coast of Elis. Updwv : the position of the adjective
indicates that it is construed with 'E^ii/awi/, with which VTJCTWV is in
apposition.

626. ire'pTjv d\6s : i.e. separated from Elis by the sea.
629. os : i.e. Phyleus. irarpC : i.e. King Augeas.
631-637. The forces of Odysseus.

631. Ke<}>aX\.Tivas : the common name for the subjects of Odysseus.

632. pd : namely, to wit. The relative sentences are virtually in appo-
sition with Kt<f>a\\rjva<s. 'I6dio]v Kal NTJPITOV: see on BovTrpcurioi/ 615.
tlvo(ri<f>v\Xov : literally, leaf-shaking, as if the mountain caused what it
suffered.

635. T]ir6ipov : refers to Leucadia and Acarnania, which were conquered
by Laertes. avrnrepaia : neuter adjective as substantive. The opposite
coast in Elis, where the Ithacans had herds. Odysseus himself had on the
mainland twelve herds of cattle, as many flocks of sheep and of goats, and
as many droves of swine.

636. Ail KrA.. : Odysseus is frequently called 7roAv/7Ti? and TroXv/x^avo?.









:



SECOND BOOK OF THE ILIAD 95

b37. 8vw$Ka: a small number in comparison with the forty ships of
Dulichium (030) or the eighty ships of Diomed (568). The same number

of Odysseus' ships is mentioned in the Odyssey. See 8 d fu\ToirdpT)oi :

n<I-r/nfkt //. Their bows (cheek*) were painted with vermilion. On the
other hand, cf. 170, and t 482, where the ship of Odysseus is called
KvavoTrptapos, ilnrk - /irnwcd. The forces of Odysseus are the fifteenth in
the enumeration of the twenty-nine contingents. Corresponding to this
position, these ships are said to be at the middle of the line.

638-644. Th<- Ai'tolianx.

640. KoXvSwva: on a shoulder of Mt. Aracynthus. It was famed for
the Calydonian Hunt of the boar that was killed at last by Meleager.

641. -yap : introduces the explanation why Thoas was in command, and
not Oeneus or one of his sons, Tydeus or Meleager rjo-av: were living.

642. auros : i.e. Oeneus. av06s : cf. A 197. MeXt'a-ypos: the most
distinguished of the sons of Oeneus.

643 . TW : i.e. Thoas. &irt : construe with eTeroAro. irdvra : everything,

explained by dvacnre/Ao/ in apposition with it; i.e. the whole command

AlrwXowriv : dative of interest ; cf. A 180, 231.

645-652. The Cretans. 645. KpTjrwv : this includes all the mixed

population of the extensive island. The cities here mentioned all lay
in the interior of the island, at the foot of Mt. Ida.

646. Kvwo-ov: the principal city of the island. Excavations on its
site in the spring of 1900 brought to light the ruins of an extensive ancient
palace (probably destroyed somewhat before Troy), and other remains of
an early Greek civilization. Foprvva: the Cretan city next to Cnosus in
importance. Herein 1884 was discovered a long inscription (probably of
the fifth century B.C.) containing an elaborate code of laws. -mxioeo-o-av :
cf. 559.

647. MCXtiTov: this city gave colonists and name to the Ionian Miletus.
dp<yivovra : cretosuni, chalky, as 656. The town lay on chalk cliffs.

648. ^awrrov : southwest of Gortyna ; birthplace of the poet and
prophet KpiiiuMiides. There half of the ships of Menelaus were wrecked.

649. oXXoi: made prominent before the relative clause. KaT6fiiro\iv :
round number; cf. 449. Cf. centum urbes habitant magnas,

uberrima regna Verg. Aen. iii. 106.

650. ooa: recurs to 015. 653-670. The Rhodians.
653. T|{S re jxe'^as T : two essential qualities of a hero; cf. /*eyas 816.
655. Sid: coi isi rue with KooyxT^eVrcs, dirii/<(f in three parts. The Rho-
dians dwelt according to tribes (KaTa<f>v\aS6v 668) in their three cities.




96 COMMENTARY TO THE

Pindar tells in greater detail the story of the settlement of the island, and
calls it Tpitro\L<s vatros.

56. AtvSov: famed for its worship of Athena and Heracles. From
this name came that of Lincoln (Lindi colonia).

658. This episode is intended for the glorification of the Rhodians.

659. 'E<j>vpt]s: the seat of King Augeas (cf. 624).

660. ireporas : sc. when he made his expedition against Augeas to
avenge the wrong done in refusing the reward for cleansing the stables.

661. Tpd<|>e : intransitive, grew up. Construe with ewei, when he had
grown up. ivl fic-ydpw : i.e. in his father's house at Tiryns. 4vC: for the
length of the final t before the following /A, see 59 h.

662. atrriKa: refers to the preceding eTret KT\. <|>iXov: evidently only
as a standing epithet here. ji^Tpwa : brother of Alcmena, son of Alec-
tryon. Karfcra: 'in a burst of anger,' says Pindar; by accident, accord-
ing to another tradition.

663. otov "ApTjos : cf. 540.

664. o -y : for its position in the second member of the sentence, cf.
T409.

665. pf] <|>iry&>v: S et out in flight; cf. 71, A 391. The participle
indicates the manner of his going, as a fugitive, since he feared the ven-
geance of the relatives. A life for a life ' was the old Greek law ; but
sometimes a fine was paid. Flight from the country was frequent, as in
the case of Tydeus, and of Patroclus (see on A 307).

667. Is *P68ov !v : this is an anachronism. Even the Dorian migration
into Peloponnesus, according to the ancients, followed the fall of Troy by
eighty years. oX-yea TTOLO-XWV : with sorrow. Construe with dAw/xej/os.

668. TpixOd: cf. Tpfya. 655. KaTa<j>v\a8ov : equivalent to Kara (f>v\a.
362. See on 655. 669. CK ASs : cf. 33.

670. KaC cr<j>tv KT\. : an independent sentence illustrating <t'A>?0i>.
Korexcve : poured down upon them. This indicates the abundance of their
wealth. This expression seems to have given rise to the later myth that
Zeus literally rained gold upon the island.

671-675. The forces of Nireus. The smallest contingent of all.

671. Ntpevs : mentioned only here in Homer. He is celebrated as a
pattern of beauty. Lucian invents a dialogue between him and Thersites.

For the repetition of his name (< epanalepsis '), cf. 838, 850, 871. 16 b.

2tifjtT]0v : a small island, off the Carian coast, north of Rhodes. A Dorian
colony, like the islands of 676 ff.

672. The names of Nireus' parents are significant.



SECOND BOOK OF THE ILIAD 97

673. KdXXurros: predicate. Cf. 216. 674. oXXwv: cf. A 505.

675. aXcuraSvos : the opposite of Kpartpos.

676-680. The Sporades. 676. Kpdira9ov : KdpiraOov. See 31. Car-
pathus is an island between Rhodes and Crete which gave its name to the
Carpathian Sea.

677. Kv : elsewhere Kooos in Homer. An island off Cnidus and
Halicarnassus. EvpvirvXoio : king of Cos. He was slain by Heracles on
the latter's return from Troy. His daughter Chalciope bore to Heracles a
sou Thessalus (679). KoXvSvas : small islands near Cos.

678. <ii8iinros, w Avri<j>os : not mentioned elsewhere in the Iliad.
680 = 516.

681-694. The forces of Achilles. 681. vvv au : but now ; a transition
to the forces of northern (Thessalian) Greece. This verse forms a general
prelude and announcement for what follows. TOVS : epe'eo hovers before
the mind ; cf. 493. r6 : demonstrative, that. IleXao-yiKov "Ap<yos : i.e.
Thessaly. See on A 30. Thessaly is represented as being more important
in Homeric than it was in historical times.

683. <t>eCiiv : home of Peleus and Achilles (cf. A 169), in the valley of
the Spercheiis.

685. TV: cf. 576. ircvrfJKovra : Achilles arranged his men in five
divisions with five commanders. Each of his ships was manned by fifty
men, who (like the rest) on their arrival at Troy served as soldiers.

686. iroXc'|Loio 8xxrtix 's: cf. fremituque sequuntur | horrisono
Verg. Aen. ix. 54 f.

687. ov -yap KT\. : for there was no one, etc. TjyfyraiTo : potential opta-
tive without <zv. 18 b.

688. iv vT|<r<ri : i.e. in the camp. See on A 12.

689. Kovprjs: causal genitive; cf. A 65. BpunjCSos: cf. A 184, 348.

690. tgcCXcro : i.e. received as his y/aas e^atpcrov. See on A 124.

691. Avpvr]<r<r6v : Brisels tells of its capture and destruction (T 290 ff .).
See on A 125.

692. Kd8 8* cpoXcv: a change to the finite construction, after the parti-
ciple 8ttt7rop^r;o-tt?. Cf. T 80; see ll/. Mvv^ra: king of Lyrnessus,
;uul (according to the later story) husband of Brisris.

694. To-xa: Aehilli-s is* reconciled with Agamemnon, goes forth to
kittle, and kills Hector, on the twenty-seventh day of the action of the
///////, live days atVr tli- events narrated in this Second I>ook. See 6 r, s.

695-710. TkeforcctofProteriUmt, 695. Hvpcurov: named from the
wheat (Trvpos) which abounded in the region. avOcpdcvra : cf. 503.




98 COMMENTARY TO THE




696. ArfjpiTpos Tejwvos: consecrated field of Demeter ; in apposition
with ILvpaa-ov, cf. 506, 592. This afterwards gave to Pyrasus the name
Ar)fJi->JTpLov. [XTjT^pa |AT|X.v : Mt. Ida is called fJL^nrjp Orjpwv 47.

697. a.y\laXov : this epithet would fit the other cities also.

698. npwTo-i\aos : Protesilaus was the first to fall in the war. The
name is significant; cf. 702. High honors were paid to him at Elaeus
in the Thracian Chersonese down to the time of the Persian wars. His ship
was the center of the fiercest conflict when Hector forced his way to the ships
of the Greeks, and it was half consumed by fire before Patroclus appeared
with the Myrmidons and repulsed the Trojans.

699. e\v Kara KT\. : held down, covered. Cf. T 243. Protesilaus was
in the realm and power of the dark earth.

700. d)j.<{H8pv<|>TJs : women tore their faces in grief. <iv\aKg : local.

701. fi|UT\^s : he left home for the war before he could complete his
house ; he had hardly begun life for himself when he was killed.
AdpSavos dvrjp : a Dardanian warrior. According to the later amplified
form of the story, this was Hector ; but Homer does not call any Trojan
ActpSavos, though the Dardanians were included among the Tpwts.

703. ov8 jiv ovSc KT\. : as 726. The repetition of the negative gives
it great weight. The first negative belongs to the whole sentence, the
second is to be construed closely with 01, neque vero ne hi quidem.

-y c H-* v C/*^] literally, they missed him indeed, equivalent to /cat
irtp ap\6v. The word before ye /u.eV is made prominent and
always forms an adversative asyndeton ' (see 15 c). The English idiom
introduces such a clause by yet, but. dp\6v: i.e. their former leader.

704. erects: monosyllabic. 25. IIo8dpKT]s : leader of the Phthians.

705. ^XcucCSao: with v, but ^vAa/cr; 700; cf. HpIa/xtSi;? 817 with lipta-
/xov r 146 ; see 59 e. 707. irporcpos : cf. Trpoyeve'o-rcpos 555.

708 f. Only another form of 703. ov& TI : but in nothing.

711-715. The kingdom of Eumelus. 711 f . $pas, Boipriv KT\. : cities
on the peninsula of Magnesia and in the southeastern part of Pelasgiotis.

712. 'lawXicov: famed as the chief seat of the Thessalian Minyae (see
on 511), the capital of King Pelias, and the native city of Jason, the
leader of the Argonautic Expedition.

714. W 'A8^To>: construe with roce, c/,-728, 742, 820. For the
repetition of the name, cf. 636, 655, 691.

716-728. The forces of Philoctetes.

718. TWV 8^ : antecedent of ot 8e 716. When the relative clause
precedes, the apodosis often has 8e, as here. T6o>v v elSws : as 720



SECOND BOOK OF THE ILIAD 99

and frequently, the participle of ol&x, nm skill t-d in. is followed by the
genitive.

719. iplnu: the warriors were the oarsmen.

720. |ippcurav: Inn/ > inlmrk< -// : rf. 351, 509. The preposition is
repeated from ev e/cao-TT?. tyi jjt<ix<r0ai: so as to (so that they could) jight,
etc. ; infinitive of result. Cf. A 8.

722. Arijivw: the Achaeans landed at Lemnos on their voyage to Troy
and received hospitality from King Euneiis. They sent slaves thither
for sale, and received wine thence. The repetition of the preposition
gives to ci/ AT//XI/W some independence from cv vrja-w.

723. 6Xoo4>povos v8pov: construe with lAica, ablatival genitive ; from the
cnul mitt r mmke. Se'e on 396. The wound not only disabled Philoctetes
but rendered his presence odious to his comrades.

724 . T<xxa Si KT\. : the Catalogue contains several such references to
events \\hich do not fall within the time of the action of the Iliad; cf.
690 ff., 699 if. A prophet declared that Troy could be taken only with



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