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The first six books of Homer's Iliad online

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Agamemnon. She was returned
to Achilles after the reconcilia-
tion, in the Nineteenth Book of
the Hind. Only her patronymic'
is used by Homer ( 39 g),
and perhaps this means only
maiden from Driaa (or Bresa) on



Lesbos. In the sack of Lyrnessus
by Achilles her husband and II.T
three brothers had been slain.
A 184, 336, B 689, T 245 f.,
282 ff.
Ppor6-is, -evTos (/Spores) : bloody,

an,' ,f. Z 480.

pporo-Xoi^os (/?poros) : man-destroy-
ing . Epithet of Ares. E 518,
846.

Pporos (/xopros, /x/30-ros, mors) i mor-
t<il< both as adj. and subst. 30 g.

Bpvo-ciaC, pi. : a Lacedaemonian
town. B 583.

pwfios (j&uVo)) : (base), altar. A 440.

Bcipos : a Trojan ally. E 44.

P<DTi-dvcipa : men- (hero-)
Epithet of Phthia. A 155.



yaia : earth, land, ground. Opposed
sometimes to the heavens, some-
times to water. Equivalent to
yij, ata. A 254, B 95.
yafo (gaudeo) : rejoice, exult. Cf.

yrjOe<o. A 405.

yoLXa, gen. yaAaKTos (lac): milk.
^oXows, dat. yuAou> (glos) : hus-
band's sister. (The Greeks were
not restricted to such a clumsy
and indefinite expression as ,

T 122. Z 378.
(-ya/ao?) : cnnm i-tlnn />//
riiigf, dniujhtu'a husband,
husband. E 171. Z 177.
: marriage. E 1 '_'!).
^STjs, -os (Glad-hearted}
809) : d'anif/iti-d, son of Tros



30



VOCABULARY TO THE



(founder and king of Troy),
grandson of Dardanus ; because
of his beauty, carried away by
the gods to be the cupbearer of
Zeus. E 266, Y 232.

yap (ye, apa), causal particle : for.
It often introduces the reason or
explanation of something that is
merely implied. Sometimes it
seems to retain the force of the
two particles of which it is com-
posed, and cannot be translated
by /or, but < marks a statement as
certain and incontestable.'

yao-TT|p, -epos, f . (gastric) : belly,
stomach, womb.

y^ : an enclitic particle, which gives
prominence to the foregoing word
or to its whole clause. Some-
times it can be translated at least,
but this phrase is much heavier
and clumsier than ye'. Generally
its force must be given by inflec-
tion of voice or by arrangement
of words. In several cases y
was wrongly inserted by the
copyists, after some other conso-
nant had been lost.

ye-ydcuri, are, 3d pi., ye-yawras partic. :
perf. of yiyvofjuoL, am born. B 866.

yeivofxcu, aor. cyet'vao (yiyvo/xai) : am
born; aor. begot, bore. A 280.

yeXdo), aor. eyeAatro-e, aor. partic.
yeAdurcwra (yeAos) : laugh; aor. fell
to laughing, burst into a laugh.

yeXodos: laughable, what would raise
a laugh. B 215.

(or yeXos, 37 &) : laughter.
(yo/os) and yeveM.T] : race, gen-



eration, breed, stock (of horses).
yf.vf.y: in age. ytvt0X.rj apyvpov :
fatherland of silver. B 857.

ycWo-Oai, -ye'vero : aor. of yiyvo/xat, be-
come, am born. T 323.

yewaios (yeVos) : suited to (my) birth,
in (my) nature. E 253.

yevos, -cos (genus): race, family,
birth, descent, yei/ei uo-repos : later
by birth, in age, younger. T 215.

ycpcuos (y>7pas) 3 : old, full of years ;
subst. old man, aged man. yepauu :
matrons, fern, of yepoi/Tes. Z 296.

ye'pavos (grus, crane) : crane. B 460.

Yepapos (yTypas): stately. T 170.

yepapcorepos : more stately. F 211.

ye'pas, pi. ytpa : prize of honor.
Booty taken on marauding expe-
ditions was the common prop-
erty of the army only after the
several prizes of honor had been
distributed to the chiefs. These
prizes were sometimes selected
by the leaders themselves, but
are often spoken of as gifts of
the people. Doubtless they were
distributed by the general, with
the approval of the army.

repTJvios: Gerenian. Epithet of
Nestor, prob. from a Messenian
town or district. B 336.

yepouo-ios : of (he elders (yepoyres).
Epithet of special wine broached
at the ' aldermanic ' dinners.

ye'p wv > -OVTOS, voc. yepov (yrjpas) : old,
aged man, greybeard. It is strictly
an adj., with SOU/AW implied, in
A 538. ot yepoi/res: elders of the
people, the nobles, who without



FIRST SIX BOOKS OF THE ILIAD



31



regard to age formed a fiovXy or
council ; cf. the Spartan ytpovo-ia,
sen at us, aldermen.

yt'4>vpcu, pi.: embankment^ <HL-<*.
Fi^'ur. TToAe'/AOio y<v/o<u, ////.vs <//'
//W, i.e. the lanes between the
two opposing lines of combatants.
(Often called lri<l(je$ of war, but
Homer does not use yt<j>vpa as
bn'ilf/e.) (Or, according to others,
the open spaces between the dif-
ferent divisions of the same
army.) A 371, E 88.

Tfj : contracted from yala. (ya),
Ktirth. T 104.

>, aor. yrjOrjcrev (ga udeo, yaioo) :
. /'//V' , dm d/dtl.

A 272.






os: <>/'/ "//''. C/*. yepcoi/.
yrjpao-K<i> (yvpa?) : .'//'""' "M- B 663.

yijpus, iVm. : voice, cry. A 437.

yi-yvopai, aor. (e)yeVoj/ro, perf. ye-
yottcrt (yeVos) : co///c ////o existence,
din horn, l>;,iit< , /(/V'.NV. 71730 68ov



'r innrr/,. A 382.

, fut. yvwtreai, aor. lyvw or
yvoi (no sen, /////): rt-t'tif/nhr,
perceir,, l,nrn, kiioir. E 182.

<y\<ryos. -to? (ya/\a): //////. B -171.

FXavKos : fi/diin/s. (\) Son of
Sisyphus, father of Bellerophon.
(2) (irandsfin of Bellerophon,
brave Icadt-r of the Lycians.
B 876, 7. K>o IT. See on B 876.

fX.auK-wms, -1809 (yA.uuK09, wi//) :
bright-eyed, gleaming-eyed. Epi-
thet of Athena, as tin- tiereo-eyed
goddess of war; cf. A 200.



" Bright eyes." (Homer does not
mention the yA.av, otcl.)
r\a4>vpai: Tliessalian town. B712.
^Xa<j)vp6s :} : hollim: B 516, T 119.
rXforas, -avros : Boeotian town, near
Thebes. B 504.

(clot) : bullock. E 66.
-eta, -v, comp. yXvKt'tui/:

tweet.

yXv<}>is, -c'Sos : notch in the arrow ;
one notch for the string, others
(around the arrow) to secure a
firmer hold for the fingers.
A 122.

yXwo-<ra: (nntjuc : ldi/(/n<if/c. A 249.

yvoiTjv : aor. opt. of yiyvoxrKw, k

yvv (yow) : on the knee. yvv I
fell upon his knee. Cf. A.o,

YVW aor. ind., -yvwand yvuxixri

aor. subjv., -yvw^evai aor. inf.
[yi/oirai], yvwrtai fut. ind. : of
yiyi/wo-Kto, knoir, learn, recognize.
A 411, B349.

yvwros (yi-yvofjuai) 3 : brother. T 1 74.

yodw, pres. partic. fern. yooWa
( 47 c), aor. yoov (yoos): f/mtni.
Inn,' tit irt't/i f/rtmns. E 413, Z 500.

rov6(r<ra: Achaean town near Pel-
lene. B 57:5.

y6vos (yiyvofMu) : o//N/>r//>//, .?on.

y6w, nom. or ace. pi. youVara and
yoi'va, gen. pi. yovvtov, dat. pi.
youi/curi (yov/r-, gen u, knee) : / //' < .
The knees were to the ancients
the seat of bodily strength (knees
tremble in time of fear), hence
yovvar A.wev, I<>*<(1 hi* knees,
took ami;/ //is sfrctn/t/i, i.e. disablfd
him. In entreaties, the suppliant



32



VOCABULARY TO THE



clasped the knees of him from
whom he sought the favor. A.u/3ojv
\\L(T(rtTO yovvwv : clasped his knees
and besought him. A 500.

yoov: aor. of yoaw, lament. Z 500.

yoos : groan, lamentation. Z 499.

Fop-yaos 3 : of the Gorgon, Gorgon's.

Foprvs, -iJvos: Gortys or Gortyna, an
important town in Crete. B 646.

yovva or -yovvara, ace. pi., yovvaxri
dat. pi. : of yoi/u, knee. Z 511.

youvdo}j.(u, fut. yowao"o/zai (yoKu) :
supplicate, entreat. See ydvv.

Fowtvs, -170?: leader of the Enians
before Troy. B 748.

Fpcua : Graea, a Boeotian town near
Oropus from which the later
name TpiwcoL (Greeks) is thought
to be derived. B 498.

ypd<j>o), aor. partic. ypanf/as (carve):
scratch, cut. ypauj/as ev TTLVO.KI :
cutting on a tablet. Possibly this
was not icritiny with an alphabet,
but a pictorial representation of
what had been done or was to be
done. Z 169.

yp-qvs, dat. yprj'i: old woman. F 386.

yvoXov : curbed, curved plate of the
armor. E 99.

Fv-yoiT] (X/tfWij) : the Gygaean lake
in Lydia near Sardis, and the
nymph of that lake. B 865.

yvtov : (joint), limb, member (of
knees, feet, arms, hands), r/ao/xos
!AAa/3e ywa : trembling seized his
limbs. yvia 8' WyKev ZXafypa. :
made his limbs light. F 34.

ywai-jiairrjs, -09 (/xai'vtu) : woman-mad,
of Paris. F 39.



, dat. yvvaiKi, ace. ywawca, voc.
yvvai (queen): woman, wife.
A 348.

: town of the Lapithae, in
Pelasgiotis. B 738.
xj/, yiJTros : vulture. A 237.




8aT)fievat (aor. inf.), aor. subjv. 8aw-
fj.t.v: learn; used as pass, of &Sa-
O-KO), teach. B 299, Z 150.

Scrfjp, -e/oos : husband's brother.
F 180.

8a.i8dX.eos 3 : cunningly wrought, richly
ornamented. Z 418.

SaiSaXov (cf. Daedalus) : cunning
work.

Sata>, aor. inf. 8cucu : rend, cleave.

(Satfjuav) 3 : (one under the
influence of a divinity), strange
goddess, sir ! 8cu//.ovie : my poor wife
(or husband), Madam ! The con-
nection must determine the exact
force.

, -ovos : divinity ; much like
os, but esp. of the gods in rela-
tion with men. (Never demon.)

SaCwfiai : feast. Cf. Sareo/xai.

Safe, gen. Satros (SaiVu/xai) : feast.

Sairpov : measured portion. A 262.

8cu-<j>pa>v, -ova? : fiery-hearted, valiant.

Sauo, plpf . 8e8i/eiv ( 44 b) : kindle ;
plpf. had blazed forth, ivas blazing.

8aKva>, aor. Saxe : bite, figur. sting.

SaKpv (lacruma, tear) : tear.

Saxpuo-cis, -ecrortt : tearful, shedding
tears, bringing tears. Z 455.

Saxpvov : equiv. to Scucpv, tear.



FIRST SIX BOOKS OF THE ILIAD



33



aor. SaKpvaas : weep, shed
t> tirs : aor. J\ II to ireepiny. A 349.

Sdjiap, -apros : wife, spouse. T 122.

Sd|jLVT)}j.i, inipf. e8a/xva, fut. 8a/zu and
8u/xoaxrii>, aor. (e)Sa/Aa<7cra, aor.
pass. tSdfjir), aor. subjv. pass.
Sa/AT/flS, perf. pass. 8e8fnj/u,co-0a,
plpf. pass. StS/ATJaro, aor. partic.
Bjj.rj6evra (do in a re, tame ) : ?y/-m</
////o subjection, subdue, overcome,
<'on<jn< r, master.

AavooC : //ie Danadns ; strictly de-
scendants or subjects of King
Danaiis of Argos. Used for the
Greeks before Troy like 'A^aou
and 'Apycux ( 22 e). They are
called Ta^vTro)\OL (with swift steeds).

I6mlmr: > /Z00r, /tan-int-nt. A 2.

SoLirrw, aor. e&u/^ev : derour, tear.

AapSavCSifs: son <>f l)<ir<hmus. Epi-
thet esp. of his descendant
Priam.

AapSdvios 3 and AdpSavos : Darda-
ninn : pi. the Dardanians, inhabit-
ants of the country around Troy,
led by Aeneas. B 819. They re-
ceived their name from Dardanns
(son of Zeus), who was the grand-
father of Tros (who gave his
name to Tpooy, the, Tmad) and
the great-grandfather of I Ins
(who gave his name to "lAzos
and was father of Laomedon and
grandfather of Priam). Y 21 :> IT.

AdLp-qs, -17x09: Dares, priest of He-
phaestus, in Troy. E 9 if.

Soo-pos (Sttito, 8uT0/Aui) : distrilinfion,
din'sitm, of the spoils. A !<!(!.

6aTOfjiai. aor. 6a<r<ruvTo, j>erf. pass.



: dicide among thctnselves,
distribute. Cf. SatVv/xtu, Sairpov.

AavXCs, -t'Sos : Dauiis, Phocian town,
on a height east of Delphi.
B 520.

8a-<f>oivos : all blood-red. 40 d.

Sawney: learn, aor. subjv. pass, of
8iSa(7Ka>, teach. B 299.

&, conj. : but, and. Freq. Se' is used
in the apodosis of a conditional
or relative clause, a transition
to the demonstrative construction
or a survival of the older and
simpler paratactic ' or ' coordi-
nate ' construction. Freq. a
clause with 8*' is used where a
subordinate clause (of cause, con-
cession, time, etc.) might have
been used; hence 8e may often
be translated for, thouah, while.

-& : inseparable enclitic particle ;
e.g. dyoprjv&e, to the ayora ; OIKOI/&,
to the house, homeward. 33 e.

8eyjtvos : iraitiny : aor. of S^o^iat,
receire, expect. B 794.

Sc'Scurrai : perf. of oareo/iat, divide.

SeSeynevos : iraitinn, on the watch,
perf. partic. of SC^O/LUU. A 107.

ScSc^o: receive (in hostile sense),
perf. imv. of Scxo/xcu. E 228.

S'STO : plpf. pass, of Sew, hind.

88T|tv : iras Muzint/ ; plpf. of oatw,
kindle. 44 b. ' B 93.

( 44 /) plpf., 88^fio-0a
. : were (are) subject ; pass, of
subdue. T 183, E 878.
: l"-rf. pass, of oV/xw, build.

8'8orai : perf. pass, of St'Sco/u, ///>-.

: in r<- /ilcdt/iiif/ : plpf. mid.



34



VOCABULARY TO THE



of SetKW/uu, (extend the hand),
greet, honor. A 4.

8i8T|(ia>v, -ovos (Sei'8<o) : fearful, cow-
ardly, r 56.

8i8ur<ro|jLai (Sei'8a>) : frighten : am
frightened. A 184.

SeCSti), aor. (e)8io-/, perf. 8ei'8oiKa,
perf. imv. 8'8i0i, perf. partic.
SeiStdres, plpf. e8ei'8i/u.ev (8/rei'8u>,
8eos) : fear, am afraid. Since
the stem originally began with
two consonants, a short vowel is
often ' long by position ' before it.

SC(KW|UU, plpf. as aor. SaSe^aro :
pledge, greet. A 4.

Scicvv|u, aor. 8eiei>: point out, show.
E 870.

SciXds (Se'os) 3 : cowardly, worthless,
miserable. A 293.

8ip.a, -arcs (8eos) : fright, terror.

Aeijios: Terror, attendant of Ares.
See Api;s. A 440.

Seivos (8e'os) 3 : terrible, fearful, dread.
8etvov evevev : nodded terribly.
T 337.

Stiirvov: dinner; the chief meal of
the day whenever it was taken,
whether early or late; generally
eaten about noon. Cf. apiarov,
breakfast : SopTrov, supper. B 381.

Scirf : neck. T 371.

Sure : aor. of Sei'&o, /ear. E 623.

S6ca (dec em, ten) : indecl. ten.
As a round number. B489,
A 347.

8Kols, -aSos, f. : decade, squad often.

ScKaros 3 : tenth. BtKaTr] : on the
tenth day ; sc. fi/Afpy- See on A 54.

8cKO.-xiX.oi : ten thousand. E 860.




aor. of 8e^o/xai, accept.
8e|ias : build, stature, form. A
8'n, perf. pass. 8e8/A^eVot : build.
Se'vSpcov : tree. (8ei/8/3eu> is disyllabic.)
8ecu, 8|ao~6ai : aor. of OC^OJLUU, re-
ceive. A 112, E 227, Z 46.
8iY| : (sc. ytip), right hand, pledge.
8ei6s 3 and Segircpos (dexter) 3 :
right, on the right. Se&rep^ : right
hand.

8'os, -eos (S/reos) :/er, dread. A 515.
SeVas, dat. pi. SeTraeorcrtv : goblet,
beaker, cup. Cf. /cvrreAAov. A 471.
8epKO|iai : /oofc, see, Aare s^.<. A 88.
-arcs : hide, leather (of a
shield). Z 117.

aor. tSapav.jlay. A 459.

(8eo>) : bond, halter (of a
horse). Z 507.
8eijop.ai, opt. 8evoiaro [8cwii>, 8toti/,

44 Z] : /ac^', >u in want.
8vpo, Scvpw (F 240), adv. : hither.
Sometimes as an interjection,
come hither! A 153, B 138.
8evrcpov, adv. : second, next. A 51

second, next. T 349.
moisten, wet. B 471.

aor. ()8e'aro, aor. inf.
perf. imv. 8e'Seo, fut. perf.
as fUt. 8e8e'o/Acu : receive, take,
accept, welcome ; await, receive (in
hostile sense). A 23.
Sew, aor. (e^Srjcrav, plpf. Se'Sero : bind,

fetter. Cf. Seerjuo?. A 406.
8rj, temporal and determinative
particle : now, already, at length ;
clearly, just. No English particles
correspond to many of its uses.
Freq. with imv. and opt., and







FIRST SIX BOOKS OF THE ILIAD



35



with other particles, and strength-
ening the superlative. It stands
at the beginning of the clause in
the phrases 8>) TOTC, Sr) yap. *It
forms one syllable (by ' synize-
sis,' 25) with the first syllable
of avre, av, and of OVTWS, and sev-
eral other words, in these cases
being originally perhaps a 'wt-ak
form ' 8e which was related to 877,
as JJLCV is to fjuqv.

8T]8d (&??), adv. : long, for a long
time. B 1:55, E 587.

i/'/<ii/, tarry. Z .")!!).
, -WVT09 : a Trojan killed by
Agamemnon. E ">:J1.

STJIOS (8ai'o>) : blazing, deronring, de-
sfrui/iiK/. Itfis/i/t : jil. cur/nits.

8-qioTTJs. -77TO9 (877109) : strife, conjlicf.
F20, E S48.

8i]i6w, inipf. Srjovv, aor. subjv. 877(0-
o-ownv, aor. pass, partic. 8y<oOev-
T(DV : slay, cut d<rn, d> *//<>//.

ArjtirvXos : comrade of Sthenelus.
1-; 825.

aor. (e)&r)Xy(ravTO : Jiann,
, lay



107.



Ceres. Shr i> not one of the more
i)ii]M>ri;uit gods. H nwj, E 500.






rourini/ tin anoa's nf l/tr j>< <i],It.

A L>:;i.

IDV. -oi'TO? : '/'/'/' o/'///' jn />/>\

in Troy. F 14!. A 872.

jiOKowv, -a>vTO : son of 1'riani, slain

by < ' A l!!i.

ctntnfry, fan a 1 : \ <!/>!<>.
avftpa: man <>f tin j,<nj,lf,



man, contrasted with the nobles.
B198, F 50, Z 15s.

8-rfjv (^pf]v)i adv. : Ion f/, for a lony time,
lony-liced. Cf. SrjOd. A 512.

STJVCUOS (8>;v) : Ion (/-I iced. E 407.

Sfjvos. -co?, pi. : thonyltts. A 361.

STJOW : see Sryido), *7rty, destroy.

8i!p6v, adv. : /wwr/. Cf. SrjOd, fyv.

8f]<rav : aor. of Sew, Z/m</. E 3.86.

SrjwOe'vrwv aor. pass, partic., S^axrw-
<riv aor. subjv. : of 87716(0, slay.

Aa: ace. of Zevs. A 394.

8ta, fern, of Stos : maynificent, dicine.

8id (8uo, dis, twain), adv. and prep,
with gen. and ace.: between,
throuf/Ji, in different directions. (1)
Adv. 8ta KTrjo-w SareWro : diri>/< </
(parted) amuny them the property ;
8ia Tpi^a KOcr/XTy^eVrcs : divided in
three tribes. (2) With gen. 8ta
curTriSos : through the shield. (3)
A\ ith ace. Sta txr/xtVa? : through (by
means of) the conflicts : Bia VVKTO. :
during the nig/it : Sta /xavrocrw^i/ :
(on account of), by means of hi* yift
of prophecy.

In composition with verbs, &a
indicates motion through some-
thing, completion, separation, re-
ciprocal relation.

8ia-0pvirrw, aor. pass, partic. Suarpv-
<eV: break in /tiirm. F 363.

8ia-K\dt, aor. partic.
l>r<ak in pieces. E 216.
tw. aor. opt. pass.

KOCT/XOS) : diridi- an</ arrange.
Cf. dispono. B 126.

8ia-Kptvw, fut. 8taK/3ivi, aor. pass.
[3tKpt^7^rttv], aor. inf.



36



VOCABULARY TO THE



pass. ia/c/aii//Aerai : separate, part,
arrange in divisions. B 475.

SiaKTOpos : messenger, guide. Epithet
of Hermes, generally connected
with apyu<$>6vTt]<;. B 103.

Si-a|id(i>, aor. Sia/xyyo-e : (inoiv through),
cut through. T 359.

8ia-|xTpi> (fjLtrpov): measure off
ground for a combat. T 315.

8ia-(ATpTjT6s : measured off. F 344.

Si-ap.-'irepes, adv. : through and through,
completely through, right through.

8i-dv-8txa, adv. : in two ways. A 1 89 .

8ia-ircp6ci>, aor. inf. 8unrep<rai, aor.
8i7r/oa0o/Aev : sack, lay waste.

8ia-irop0a>, aor. partic. 8unrop0rj<ra<s :
sack, destroy. B 691.

Sia-irp'/jo-o-w (Trcpao)) : accomplish,
traverse {go, pass through) ;
intrans. advance. With gen. TTC-
81010 : on the plain. B 785.

8ia-irp6, adv. : forward and through,
right through. A 138, E 66.

8ia-ppaui>, aor. inf. Suappalo-ai : tear
in pieces, rend. B 473.

8ia-crKiSvT)p,i : send in different direc-
tions, scatter. E 526.

Sia-axrevw, plpf . 8te'o-o~UTo as aor. : rush
through. B 450, E 661.

8ia-<rrfyn]v : {stood apart), separated;
aor. of Suo-Trjfu, separate. A 6.

Sia-Tii'/j'Ytt, aor. pass. Ster/Aayev [Sier/xa-
yrycrav] : {cut through), separate.

8ia-Tpi(3a> : (wear away), hinder, at-
tempt to check. A 42.

8ia-Tpv4>v : aor. pass partic. of 8ia-
OPVTTTW, break in pieces. F 363.

8i8do-Ka>, aor. 8i'8oe, aor. pass,
cfyv, aor. subjv. pass.




(disco, doceo): teach,

E 51.

SiSvficicov. -ovos (Si'Sv/xos, two) : ttvin.
SiScopa, 3d pi. pres. 8i8o{5o"u> ( 52 a),

impf. BiSov, fut. Swo-w, aor. (e)8u>-

KC(V) and 8do-av, 3d sing. aor.

subjv. 80)770-1 or Swo-t, 3d pi. aor.

subjv. 8oio-iv or SWOKTIV, aor. imv.

8os, aor. inf. 8o/xevcu, 8o/xa/, or 8ovwt,

perf . pass. 8e'8oT<u (d o) : give, grant.
Sfe: impf. of SL<a,fear. E 566.
Si-ipop.cu : ask, inquire. A 550.
8i-Kocrp.eov : impf. of 8iaKooyxeo), ar-
range in order. B 476.
8i-6Kpi0v [8tKpi$?7o-av] : aor. pass, of

8ta/c/3tVo), separate into tribes.
Si-t'Jj-eifii, inf. 8ic^6/xevat : go forth

through (the gates). Z 393.
8i-eirpd.0op.ev: aor. of ftunrepOa), sack.
8i-iro) : perform, accomplish ; stride

through. A 166, B 207.
Si-c'pxopai : pass through. Z 392.
8i-<r<rvTO : plpf. as aor. of 8tao-o-evo>,

rush through. B 450.
Si-eVjia-yev [8ter/xay77O-av] : aor. pass.

of 8iaT/7yo), separate. A 531.
8i-x<*>, aor. SteV^e : hold through, reach

through, pass through. E 100.
8T)p.ai: seek, look for. A 88.
8-uf|, -vyo? (^evyi/v/xt) : two-yok<

horses yoked two and two. E 195.
8i-um](u, aor. intrans. Siao-TTjTrjv :

separate, stand apart. A 6.
8d-<j>iXos : dear to Zeus, esp. of Achil-
les and Hector. A 74, Z 318.
8ucd<i> (8uc77) : judge, decide, rule.

(Cf. the Hebrew Judges, i.e. rulers.)
SiKcur-iroXos (TreA.-) : minister of justice,

judge. A 238.



FIRST SIX BOOKS OF THE ILIAD



37



Sivcvu) (80/77) : utrnll, irnndcr. \ ."ill.

8ivT|-is, -CVTOS : eddying. B 877.

8ivor<5s (811/00)) 3: skilfully tumid,
it't II irroni/lit, or adorned irith njn'rul
ornaments. F '5!'l .

Slo-^vrjs, -cos (70/09) : sprung from

7,< >/.<, descended from Zeus, of

kings and princes, who were under

the special care of the king of

the gods. See on A 176.

AioK\T]s, -7709: son of Orsilochus of
Pherae in Messenia. E 542 ff.

Aiop.T|5iis, -09 : Diomed, son of Tydeus
(who fell in the first expedition
against Thebes), king of Argos,
one of the bravest and mightiest
of the Achaeans before Troy.
Only Agamemnon and Nestor led
a larger fleet on the expedition.
The Fifth Book of the Hind is
mainly devoted to his exploits, in
the course of which he wounds
Aphrodite and (aided by Athena)
even Ares. He has a famous
meeting with (ilaiicus (Z 119 ff.).
lie visits the Trojan camp with
Odysseus, and slays the Thraeian
Kh.-sus (K 219 ff.). He returned
in safety to Argos at the close of
the war. lie is called fiorjv ayaQfa
and KpaTepo9.

Aiov: Kulx.ean t<\vn, south of Oreiis.

r,

Bios, Suz, 67ov: t/Itiriim.i. d'u-im-, nnd-
lik> , unfiff, without reference to
moral (piality. Freij. epithet of
Achilles and of Odysseus, having
convenient metrical adaptation to
the names of those heroes, allow-



ing the bucolic diaeresis (at the
close of the fourth foot). 58 i.

8io-Tp4>T|s, -09 (rpt'^xo) : Zeus-nour-
ished, Zciix-chrrixhed, of kings,
who enjoyed the special favor of
Zeus. Cf. 81070^9. A 176.

S(-ir\o, -aKO9 : doubled, sc. ^Aatva, a
cloak so large that it was worn
double; opp. to ci7rA.ot9. T 126.

8i-ir\6os : two-fold, double. A 133.

8-imi|, -v^O9 : double. A 461.

8io-Kos (disk) : discus, quoit. The
game was more like putting the
shot ' than the modern ^pitching
quoits,' the effort being to hurl
the discus as far as possible.

8typos : (1) footboard of chariot,
chariot box, chariot; low, open
behind, with a rounded rim
(ajrv!) around the front and
sides. Seeap/xa. F310. (2) Stool,
low seat without a back. F 424.

8( : fear. Cf. Sa&o.
: jiursnr. E 672.
: 1 >i<nn , mother of Aphrodite.
B870.

Aiwvxkros : Dion/'/sns, Bacc/nis. Son
of Zeus and Semele, reared by
nymphs in Thrace. The Thra-
cian king Lycurgus attacked the
nymphs, and Dionysus fled into
the sea, to Thetis. Z 132 ff.
Dionysus is mentioned only inci-
dentally in Homer, and clearly
has not gained a position among
the gods of Olympus. (Cf. Ares,
]>f meter, Asclepius.)

Aiwptjs, -09 : Epean commander.
B L'2.



38



VOCABULARY TO THE




: aor. pass, partic. of 8a/t-
overcome, subdue. A 99.
(8a/x,v77/u) : female slave, maid.

8voira\(t : (shake), slay. A 472.

So&v : aor. opt. of 8i8o>/>u, ^zfe, grant.

Soioi, Soicu, 8oid, dual 8oi : two.

SOKCO) : ,seew, appear. Z 90.

SoXixos 3 : long. A 533.

SoXixo-o-Kios : long-shadowy, casting
long shadows, long. Epithet of the
lance. T 346, E 15, Z 126.

/A^TIS) : only voc. 8oAo-
crafty. A 540.

AoXoirtwv, -ovos : priest (dprjTtjp) of
the Scamander. E 77.

86\os (dolus-) : trick, deceit. T 202.

8oXo-4>pove'ov<ra, partic. (<f>pyv) : de-
vising a trick, with crafty mind.

Sdfuv, 86jjivai [8owai, 44 /] :
aor. inf. of 8i'8<o/w, #u>e. A 116,
A 379.

86p.os (8e/xo>, donius) : dwelling,
house.

86vrs : aor. partic. of St'Soyu, </n;e.

86pv, gen. 8ovpos, dat. Sovpi, dual
Bovpe, pi. Sovpara or Sovpa : timber,
beam, spear. See tyx os ' -^^ ^ s
called bright, <aeii/ov, because of
its bronze point. A 303.

8ds imv., 86<rav [tSocrav or
ind., 86r imv. : aor. of
r/z>e. A 162, Z 476.

8ou\T] : female slave ; equiv. to

SovXiov r|(J.ap : c?a^ q/* slavery, i.e.
s/arery itself. 16 d.

AovXCx^ov : Dulichium, island in the
Ionian Sea, southeast of Ithaca,
inhabited by Epeans. B 625.

AovXixi6v-8 : to Dulichium. B629.



8ovXix6-8ipos (SoAi^os, Sap*?') : long-
necked, of swans. B 460.

SouirEo), aor. 8ov7rr)o~v : cause a dull
noise. SovTrrycrev 7T<r<i>v : fell with
a thud. A 504.

8oviros : heavy noise. Cf. eptySowro;.

Sovpa, Sovpara, Sovpe, 8ovp6s : forms
of 86pv, spear, timber. 23 d.

Sovpi-KXeiros and 8ovpi-KXxn-6s : re-
nowned with the spear. B 645.

Spoxcov, -OI/TOS (Sep/co/xai) : serpent,
snake. (Not ' dragon,' though this
word is derived from it.)

Apfjo-os : a Trojan, slain by Eurya-
lus. Z 20.

Apveis. -avros: Dry as. (1) One of
the Lapithae. A 263. (2) Father
of the Thracian king Lycurgus.
Z130.

86jivai, Svvat : aor. inf. of Svw, enter,
set (of the sun). B 413, Z 411.

Svva|&(u, subjv. SVVTJCU [Swy, 44 A],



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