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Great Pluto's self the stinging arrow felt,

"When that same son of segis-bearing Jove 450

Assail'd him in the very gates of hell,

And wrought him keenest anguish ; pierc'd with pain

To high Olympus, to the courts of Jove,

Groaning, he came ; the bitter shaft remain'd

Deep in his shoulder fix'd, and griev'd his soul. 455

But soon with soothing ointments Papon's hand

(For death on him was powerless) heal'd the wound.


Accurs'd was lie, of daring over-bold,

Beckless of evil deeds, who with his bow

Assail'd the Gods, who on Olympus dwell. 460

The blue-ey'd Pallas, well I know, has urg'd

Tydides to assail thee ; fool and blind !

Unknowing he how short his term of life

Who fights against the Gods ! for him no child

Upon his knees shall lisp a father's name, 465

Safe from the war and battle-field return'd.

Brave as he is, let Diomed beware

He meet not some more dangerous foe than thee.

Then fair iEgiale, Adrastus' child,

The noble wife of valiant Diomed, 470

Shall long, with lamentations loud, disturb
The slumbers of her house, and vainly mourn
Her youthful Lord, the bravest of the Greeks."

She said ; and wip'd the ichor from the wound ;
The hand was heal'd, the grievous pains allay'd. 475
But Juno and Minerva, looking on,
"With words of bitter mock'ry Saturn's son
Provok'd : and thus the blue-ey'd Goddess spoke :
" O Father ! may I speak without offence ?


b¬Ђk>k v. HOMEE'S ILIAD. 169

Venus, it seems, has sought to lead astray 480

Some Grecian woman, and persuade to join
Those Trojans, whom she holds in high esteem ;
And, as her hand the gentle dame caress'd,
A golden clasp has scratch'd her slender arm."

Thus she : and smil'd the Sire of Gods and men ; 4S5
He call'd the golden Venus to his side,
And, " Not to thee, my child," he said, " belong
The deeds of war ; do thou bestow thy care
On deeds of love, and tender marriage ties ;
But leave to Mars and Pallas feats of arms." 490

Such converse while they held, brave Diomed
Again assail'd ^Eneas ; well he knew
Apollo's guardian hand around him thrown ;
Yet by the God undaunted, on he press'd
To slay JSneas, and his arms obtain. 495

Thrice was his onset made, with murd'rous aim ;
And thrice Apollo struck his glitt'ring shield ;
But when, with godlike force, he sought to make
His fourth attempt, the Far-destroyer spoke
In terms of awful menace : " Be advis'd, 500

Tydides, and retire ; nor as a God

170 HOMER'S ILIAD. Book V.

Esteem thyself; since not alike the race
Of Gods immortal and of earth-born men."

He said ; and Diomed a little space
Before the Ear-destroyer's wrath retir'd : 505

Apollo then JEneas bore away
Far from the tumult ; and in Pergamus,
Where stood his sacred shrine, bestow'cl him safe.
Latona there, and Dian, Archer-Queen,
In the great temple's innermost recess, 510

Gave to his wounds their care, and sooth'd his pride.
Meanwhile Apollo of the silver bow
A phantom form prepar'd, the counterpart
Of great ./Eneas, and alike in arms :
Around the form, of Trojans and of Greeks, 515

Loud was the din of battle ; fierce the strokes
That fell on rounded shield of tough bull's-hide.
And lighter targe, before each warrior's breast.
Then thus Apollo to the God of War :
"Mars ! Mars ! thou bane of mortals, blood-stain'd Lord,
Eazer of cities, wer't not well thyself 521

To interpose, and from the battle-field
Withdraw this chief, Tydides ? such his pride,


He now would dare with Jove himself to fight.
Venus, of late, he wounded in the wrist ; 525

And, like a God, "but now confronted me."
He said, and sat on Ilium's topmost height :
While Mars, in likeness of the Thracian chief,
Swift Acamas, amid the Trojan ranks
Mov'd to and fro, and urg'd them to the fight. 530
To Priam's Heav'n-descended sons he call'd ;
" Te sons of Priam, Heav'n-descended King,
How long will ye behold your people slain ?
Till to your very doors the war be brought \
iEneas, noble-soul'd Anchises' son, 535

In like esteem with Hector held, is down ;
On to his aid ! our gallant comrade save ! "

He said ; his words fresh courage gave to all :
Then thus Sarpedon, in reproachful tone,
Address'd the godlike Hector : " Where is now, 540
Hector, the spirit that heretofore was thine ?
'Twas once thy boast that ev'n without allies
Thyself, thy brethren, and thy house, alone
The city could defend : for all of these
I look in vain, and see not one ; they all, 545

172 HOMER'S ILIAD. Book V.

As curs around a lion, cow'r and crouch :

We, strangers and allies, maintain the light.

I to your aid, from lands afar remote,

From Lycia came, by Xanthus' eddying stream ;

There left a cherish'd wife, and infant son, 550

And rich possessions, which might envy move ;

Yet I my troops encourage ; and myself

Have play'd my part, though nought have I to lose,

bought that the Greeks could drive or bear away ;

But thou stand'st idly by; nor bidd'st the rest 555

Maintain their ground, and guard their wives and homes.

Beware lest ye, as in the meshes caught

Of some wide-sweeping net, become the prey

And booty of your foes, who soon shall lay

Your prosp'rous city level with the dust. 5G0

By day and night should this thy thoughts engage,

"With constant pray'r to all thy brave allies,

Firmly to stand, and wipe this shame away."

He said ; and Hector felt the biting speech ;
Down from his car he leap'd ; and through the ranks,
Two jav'lins brandishing, he pass'd, to arms 566

Exciting all, and rais'd his battle-cry.


The tide was turn'd ; again they fac'd the Greeks :

In serried ranks the Greeks, undaunted, stood.

As when the wind from off a threshing-floor, 570

Where men are winnowing, blows the chaff away ;

When yellow Ceres with the breeze divides

The corn and chaff, which lies in whit'ning heaps ;

So thick the Greeks were whiten'd o'er with dust,

Which to the brazen vault of Heav'n arose 575

Beneath the horses' feet, that with the crowd

Were mingled, by their drivers turn'd to flight.

Unwearied still, they bore the brunt ; but Mars

The Trojans succouring, the battle-field

Yeil'd in thick clouds, fromev'ry quarter brought. 580

Thus he of Phoebus of the golden sword

Obey'd th' injunction, bidding him arouse

The courage of the Trojans, when he saw

Pallas approaching to support the Greeks.

Then from the wealthy shrine Apollo's self 585
iEneas brought, and vigour fresh infus'd :
Amid his comrades once again he stood ;
They joy'd to see him yet alive, and sound,
And full of vigour ; yet no question ask'd :

174 HOMEE'S ILIAD. Book V.

"No time for question then, amid the toils 59C

Impos'd by Phoebus of the silver bow,

And blood-stain'd Mars, and Discord unappeas'd.

Meanwhile Ulysses, and th' Ajaces both,
And Diomed, with courage for the fight
The Grecian force inspir'd ; they undismay'd 595

Shrank not before the Trojans' rush and charge ;
In masses firm they stood, as when the clouds
Are gather'd round the misty mountain top
By Saturn's son, in breathless calm, while sleep
The force of Boreas and the stormy wiuds, 600

That with their breath the shadowy clouds disperse ;
So stood the Greeks, nor shunn'd the Trojans' charge.
Through all the army Agamemnon pass'd,
>( And cried, " Brave comrades, quit ye now like men ;
Bear a stout heart ; and in the stubborn fight, 005
Let each to other mutual succour give ;
By mutual succour more are sav'd than fall ;
In timid flight nor fame nor safety lies."

Thus he : and straight his jav'lin threw, and struck
A man of mark, Eneas' faithful friend, 610

Deicoon, the son of Pergasus,


By Troy, as ever foremost in the field,

In equal honour held with Priam's sons.

His shield the monarch Agamemnon struck ;

The shield's defence was vain; the spear pas&'d through

Beneath the belt, and in his groin was lodg'd ; 616

Thund'ring he fell, and loud his armour rang.

On th' other side, ^Eneas slew two chiefs,
The bravest of the Greeks, Orsilochus
And Crethon, sons of Diodes, who dwelt 620

In thriving Phera ; rich in substance he,
And from the mighty River Alpheus trae'd
His high descent, who through the Pylian land
His copious waters pours ; to him was born
Orsilochus, of num'rous tribes the chief; 625

To him succeeded valiant Diodes ;
To whom were born twin sons, Orsilochus
And Crethon, skill'd in ev'ry point of war.
They, in the vigour of their youth, to Troy
Had sail'd amid the dark-ribb'd ships of Greece, 630
Of Atreus' sons the quarrel to uphold ;
But o'er them both the shades of death were spread.
As two young lions, by their tawny dam

176 HOMER'S ILIAD. Book V.

Nurs'd in the mountain forest's deep recess,

On flocks and herds their youthful fury pour, 635

"With havoc to the sheepfolds, till themselves

Succumb, o'ermaster'd by the hand of man :

So fell these two beneath ^Eneas' hand,

And like two lofty pines in death they lay.

The warlike Meneliius saw their fall 640

With pitying eye ; and through the foremost ranks
With brandish'd spear advane'd, by Mars impell'd,
Who hop'd his death by great ^Eneas' hand.
Him Nestor's son, Antilochus, beheld,
And hasten'd to his aid ; for much he fear'd 645

Lest ill befall the monarch, and his death
Deprive them of their warlike labours' fruit.
They two, with force combined of hand and spear,
Press'd onward to the fight ; Antilochus
His station keeping close beside the King. 650

Before the two combined, JEneas fear'd,
Bold warrior as he was, to hold his ground.
The slain they drew within the Grecian lines,
Placed in their comrades' hands, and turning back
Amid the foremost mingled in the fray. 655


Then, brave as Mars, Pylaemenes they slew,

The bucHer'd Paphlagonians' warlike chief;

Him Men elaus, hand to hand engag'd,

Pierc'cl with a spear-thrust through the collar-bone ;

While, with a pond'rous stone, Antilochus 660

Full on the elbow smote Atymnius' son,

Mydon, his charioteer, in act to turn

His fiery steeds to flight ; down from his hands

Tell to the ground the iv'ry-mounted reins.

On rush'd Antilochus, and with his sword 665

Across the temples smote him ; gasping, he

Upon his neck and shoulders from the car

Pitch'd headlong ; and (for there the sand was deep)

Awhile stood balanc'd, till the horses' feet

Dash'd him upon the ground ; Antilochus, 670

The horses seizing, drove them to the ships.

Hector beheld athwart the ranks, and rush'd,
Loud shouting, to th' encounter ; at his back
Folio w'd the thronging bands of Troy, by Mars
And tierce Bellona led ; she by the hand 675

Wild Uproar held ; while Mars a giant spear
Brandish'd aloft : and stalking now before,


178 HOMER'S ILIAD. Book V.

Now following after Hector, urg'd them on.
Quail' d at the sight the valiant Diomed :
As when a man, long journeying o'er the plain, 680
All unprepar'd, stands sudden on the brink
Of a swift stream, down rushing to the sea,
Boiling with foam, and back recoils ; so then
Recoil'd Tydides, and address'd the crowd :
" O friends, we maiwel at the might display'd 685
By Hector, spearman skill'd and warrior bold ;
But still some guardian God his steps attends,
And shields from danger ; now beside him stands,
In likeness of a mortal, Mars himself.
Then turning still your faces to your foes, 690

Retire, nor venture with the Gods to fight."
. He said ; the Trojans now were close at hand,
And, mounted both upon a single car,
Two chiefs, Menesthes and Anchialus,
"Well skill'd in war, by Hector's hand were slain. 695

With pitying eyes great Ajax Telamon
Beheld their fall ; advancing close, he threw
His glitt'ring spear ; the son of Selagus
It struck, Amphius, who in Psesus dwelt.


In land and substance rich ; by evil fate 700

Trnpell'd, to Priam's house he brought his aid.
Below the belt the spear of Ajax struck,
And in his groin the point was buried deep ;
Thund'ring he fell; then forward Ajax sprang
To seize the spoils of war ; but fast and fierce 705
The Trojans show'r'd their weapons bright and keen,
And many a lance the mighty shield receiv'd.
Ajax, his foot firm planted on the slain,
Withdrew the brazen spear ; yet could not strip
His armour off, so galling flew the shafts ; 710

And much he fear'd his foes might hem him in,
Who closely press'd upon him, many and brave ;
And, valiant as he was, and tall, and strong,
Still drove him backward ; he perforce retired.

Thus labour'd they amid the stubborn fight. 715
Then evil fate indue'd Tlepolemus,
Yaliant and strong, the son of Hercules,
Heav'n-born Sarpedon to confront in fight.
When near they came, of cloud-compelling Jove
Grandson and son, Tlepolemus began : 720

u Sarpedon, Lycian chief, what brings thee here,

180 HOMER'S ILIAD. Book V.

Trembling and crouching, all unskill'd in war ?

Falsely they speak who fable thee the son

Of aegis-bearing Jove ; so far art thon

Beneath their mark who claim'd in elder days 725

That royal lineage : such my father was,

Of courage resolute, of lion heart.

With but six ships, and with a scanty band,

The horses by Laomedon withheld

Avenging, he o'erthrew this city, Troy, 730

And made her streets a desert ; but thy soul

Is poor, thy troops are wasting fast away ;

JNor deem I that the Trojans will in thee

(Ev'n were thy valour more) and Lycia's aid

Their safeguard find ; but vanquish'd by my hand, 735

This day the gates of Hades thou shalt pass."

To whom the Lycian chief, Sarpedon, thus :
" Tlepolemus, the sacred walls of Troy
Thy sire o'erthrew, by folly of one man,
Laomedon, who with injurious words 740

His noble service recompens'd ; nor gave
The promis'd steeds, for which he came from far.
For thee, I deem thou now shalt meet thy doom


Here, at my hand ; on thee my spear shall win
Renown for me, thy soul to Hades send." 745

Tims as Sarpedon spoke, Tlepolenras
Uprais'd his ashen spear ; from both their hands
The pond'rons weapons simultaneous flew.
Full in the throat Tlepolemus receiv'd
Sarpedon's spear ; right through the neck it pass'd, 750
And o'er his eyes the shades of death were spread.
On th' other side his spear Sarpedon struck
On the- left thigh ; the eager weapon pass'd
Right through the flesh, and in the bone was fix'd ;
The stroke of death his father turn'd aside. 755

Sarpedon from the field his comrades bore,
Weigh'd down and tortured by the trailing speai ,
For, in their haste to bear him to his car,
Not one bethought him from his thigh to draw
The weapon forth ; so sorely were they press'd. 760

The Greeks too from the battle-field convey'd
The slain Tlepolemus ; Ulysses saw,
Patient of spirit, but deeply mov'd at heart ;
And with conflicting thoughts his breast was torn,
If first he should pursue the Thund'rer's son, 765


Or deal destruction on the Lycian host.

But fate had not decreed the valiant son

Of Jove to fall "beneath Ulysses' hand ;

So on the Lycians Pallas torn'd his wrath.

Alastor then, and Cceranus he slew, 770

Chromius, Alcander, Halius, Prytanis,

Koemon : nor had ended then the list

Of Lycian warriors by Ulysses slain ;

But Hector of the glancing helm beheld ;

Through the front ranks he rush'd, withburnish'd crest

Resplendent, flashing terror on the Greeks ; 776

With joy Sarpedon saw his near approach,

And with imploring tones address'd him thus :

" Hector, thou son of Priam, leave me not
A victim to the Greeks, but lend thine aid : 780

Then in your city let me end my days :
For not to me is giv'n again to see
My native land ; or, safe returning home,
To glad my sorrowing wife and infant child."

Thus he ; but Hector, answ'ring not a word, 785
Pass d on in silence, hasting to pursue
The Greeks, and pour destruction on their host.


Beneath the oak of segis-bearing Jove
His faithful comrades laid Sarpedon down,
And from his thigh the valiant Pelagon, 790

His lov'd companion, drew the ashen spear.
fie swoon'd. and giddy mists o'erspread his eyes :
But soon reviv'd, as on his forehead blew,
While yet he gasp'd for breath, the cooling breeze.

By Mars and Hector of the brazen helm 795

^he Greeks hard-press'd, yet fled not to their ships,
ISfor yet sustain'd the fight ; but back retir'd
Soon as they learned the presence of the God.
Say then who first, who last, the prowess felt
Of Hector, Priam's son, and mail-clad Mars ? S00
The godlike Teuthras first, Orestes next,
Bold charioteer ; th' iEtolian spearman skill'd,
Trechus, QSnomaus, and Helenns,
The son of CEnops ; and Oresbius, girt
With sparkling girdle ; he in Hyla dwelt, 805

The careful Lord of boundless wealth, beside
Cephisus' marshy banks ; Boeotia's chiefs
Around him dwelt, on fat and fertile soil.
Juno, the white-arm'd Queen, who saw these two

184: HOMER'S ILIAD. Book V.

The Greeks destroying in the stubborn fight, 810

To Pallas thus her winged words address'd :
" O Heav'n ! brave child of ssgis-bearing Jove,
Vain was our word to Menelaus giv'n.
That he the well-built walls of Troy should raze,
And safe return, if unrestrain'd we leave 815

Ferocious Mars to urge his mad career.
Come then ; let us too mingle in the fray."

She said : and Pallas, blue-ey'd Maid, complied.
Offspring of Saturn, Juno, heav'nly Queen,
Herself th' immortal steeds caparison'd, 820

Adorn'd with golden frontlets : to the car
Hebe the circling wheels of brass attach'd,
Eight-spok'd, that on an iron axle turn'd ;
The felloes were of gold, and fitted round
"With brazen tires, a marvel to behold ; 825

The naves were silver, rounded every way :
The chariot-board on gold and silver bands
Was hung, and round it ran a double rail :
The pole was all of silver ; at the end
A golden yoke, with golden yoke-bands fair : 830
And Juno, all on fire to join the fray,

Book V. HOMER'S ILIAD. 185

Beneath the yoke the flying coursers led.

Pallas, the child of aegis-bearing Jove,
Within her father's threshold dropp'd her veil,
Of airy texture, work of her own hands ; 835

The cuirass donn'd of cloud-compelling Jove,
And stood accoutred for the bloody fray.
Her tassell'd regis round her shoulders next
She threw, with Terror circled all around ;
And on its face were figur'd deeds of arms, 840

And Strife, and Courage high, and panic Rout ;
There too a Gorgon's head, of monstrous size,
Frown'd terrible, portent of angry Jove :
And on her head a golden helm she plac'd,
Four-crested, double-peak'd, whose ample verge 845
A hundred cities' champions might suffice :
Her fiery car she mounted : in her hand
A spear she bore, long, weighty, tough ; wherewith
The mighty daughter of a mighty sire
Sweeps down the ranks of those her hate pursues. 850

Then Juno sharply touch'd the flying steeds :
Forthwith spontaneous opening, grated harsh
The heavenly portals, guarded by the Hours,

186 HOMER'S ILIAD. Book V.

Who Heav'n and high Olympus have in charge

To roll aside, or draw the veil of cloud. 855

Through these th' excited horses held their way.

They found the son of Saturn, from the Gods

Sitting apart, upon the highest crest

Of many-ridg'd Olympus ; there arriv'd,

The white-arm'd Goddess Juno stav'd her steeds, 860

And thus address'd the Sov'reign Lord of Heav'n :

" Father Jove ! canst thou behold unmov'd
The violence of Mars ? how many Greeks,
Reckless and uncontroll'd, he hath destroy'd ;
To me a source of bitter grief; meanwhile 865

Yenus and Phoebus of the silver bow
Look on, well pleas'd, who sent this madman forth,
To whom both law and justice are unknown.
Say, Father Jove, shall I thine anger move,
If with disgrace I drive him from the field ?" 870

To whom the Cloud-compeller thus replied :
" Go, send against him Pallas ; she, I know,
Hath oft inflicted on him grievous pain."

He said : the white-arm'd Queen with joy obey'd ;
She urg'd her horses ; nothing loth, they flew 875


Midway between the earth and starry Heav'n :

Far as his sight extends, who from on high

Looks from his watch-tow'r o'er the dark-blue sea,

So far at once the neighing horses bound.

But when to Troy they came, beside the streams 880

"Where Simois'and Scamander's waters meet,

The white-arm'd Goddess stay'd her flying steeds,

Loos'd from the car, and veil'd in densest cloud.

For them, at bidding of the river-God,

Ambrosial forage grew : the Goddesses, 885

Swift as the wild wood-pigeon's rapid flight,

Sped to the battle-field to aid the Greeks.

But when they reach'd the thickest of the fray,

Where throng'd around the might of Diomed

The bravest and the best, as lions fierce, 890

Or forest-boars, the mightiest of their kind,

There stood the white-arm'd Queen, and call'd aloud,

In form of Stentor, of the brazen voice,

Whose shout was as the shout of fifty men :

" Shame on ye, Greeks, base cowards ! brave alone
In outward semblance ; while Achilles yet 890

Went forth to battle, from the Dardan gates

188 HOMEE'S ILIAD. Book V,

The Trojans never ventur'd to advance,

So dreaded they his pond'rous spear ; but now

Far from the walls, beside your ships, they fight." 900

She said : her words their drooping courage rous'd.
Meanwhile the blue-ey'd Pallas went in haste
In search of Tydeus' son ; beside his car
She found the King, in act to cool the wound
Inflicted by the shaft of Pandarus : 905

Beneath his shield's broad belt the clogging sweat
Oppress'd him, and his arm was faint with toil ;
The belt was lifted up, and from the wound
He wip'd the clotted blood : beside the car
The Goddess stood, and touch'd the yoke, and said :

" Little like Tydeus' self is Tydeus' son : 911

Low was his stature, but his spirit was high :
And ev'n when I from combat rashly wag'd
"Would fain have kept him back, what time in Thebes
He found himself, an envoy and alone, 915

Without support, among the Thebans all,
I counsell'd him in peace to share the feast :
But by his own impetuous courage led,

He challenged all the Thebans to contend


Book V. HOMER'S ILIAD. 189

With him in wrestling, and o'erthrew them all 920

With ease ; so mighty was the aid I gave.

Thee now I stand beside, and guard from harm,

And hid thee boldly with the Trojans fight.

But, if the labours of the battle-field

O'ertask thy limbs, or heartless fear restrain, 925

No issue thou of valiant Tydeus' loins."

"Whom answer'd thus the valiant Diomed :
' I know thee, Goddess, who thou art ; the child
Of a}gis-bearing Jove : to thee my mind
I freely speak, nor aught will I conceal. 930

Nor heartless fear, nor hesitating doubt,
Restrain me ; but I bear thy words in mind,
With other of th' Immortals not to fight :
But should Jove's daughter, Yenus, dare the fray,
At her I need not shun to throw my spear. 935

Therefore I thus withdrew, and others too
Exhorted to retire, since Mars himself
[ saw careering o'er the battle-field."

To whom the blue-ey'd Goddess, Pallas, thus :
; ' Thou son of Tydeus, dearest to my soul, 940

Fear now no more with Mars himself to fight,

190 HOMER'S ILIAD. Book V.

ISTor other God ; such aid will I bestow.

Come then ; at him the first direct thy car ;

Encounter with him hand to hand ; nor fear

To strike this madman, this incarnate curse, 945

This shameless renegade j who late agreed

With Juno and with me to combat Troy,

And aid the Grecian cause ; who now appears,

The Greeks deserting, in the Trojan ranks."

Thus Pallas spoke, and stretching forth her hand.
Backward his comrade Sthenelus she drew 951

From off the chariot ; down in haste he sprang.
His place beside the valiant Diomed
The eager Goddess took ; beneath the weight
Loud groan'd the oaken axle ; for the car 955

A mighty Goddess and a Hero bore.
Then Pallas took the whip and reins, and urg'd
Direct at Mars the fiery coursers' speed.

The bravest of th' JEtolians, Periphas,
Ochesius' stalwart son, he just had slain, 9G0

And stood in act to strip him of his arms.
The helmet then of Darkness Pallas donn'd,
To hide her presence from the sight of Mars :


But when the blood-stain'd God of War beheld
Advancing tow'rd him godlike Diomed, 965

The corpse of stalwart Periphas he left,
There where he fell, to lie ; while he himself
Of valiant Diomed th' encounter met.
When near they came, first Mars his pond'rous spear
Advanc'd beyond the yoke and horses' reins, 970

With rnurd'rous aim ; but Pallas from the car
[Turn'd it aside, and foil'd the vain attempt.
Then Diomed thrust forward in his turn

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