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to indulge a .nobler paflion, his defire of glory: fhe ad-
vifes him to go to that captive who was reltored to him
in a public manner to fatisfy his honour : to that cnp-
tive, tlie detention of whom had been fo great a punlfh-
ment to tlie whole Grecian army. And therefore Thetis

ufes



Book XXIV. HOMEPJs ILIAD. 241

Lo ! Jove himfelf (tor Jove's coj-nniand I bear)
Forbids to tempt the wrath of lieav^n too far, 170

ufes a verv proper motive to comfbi-t her Ton, by advi-
fing him to gratify at once both his love and his glory.

Plutarch iias Hkewife laboured in Homer's jufiificatioii ;
he obferves that the poet has fet tlie pi(5ture of Achilles
in this place in a very fair and (trong point of hght ;
though Achilles had fo lately received his beloved Brifeis
from the hands of Agamemnon ; though he knew that
his own life drew to a fudden period ; yet the hero pre-
vails over the lover, and he does not halie to indulge
his love : he dees not lament Patroclus like a common
man by negleding the duties of life, but heabftains from
all pleafure by an excels of forrow, and the love of his
miltrefs is loft in that of his friend.

Tiiis obfervaticn excellently juflifics Achilles, in not
indulging hinifelf with the company of liis miltrefs : the
hero mdeed prevails fo much over the lover, that Thetis
thinks herfelf obliged to recall Brifeis to his memor3''.
Yet iliil the indecency remains. All that can be faid
in favour of Thetis is, tJiat llie was mother 10 Achiiles,
and confequentiy might take the greater freedom with
her fon.

Madam Dacier difiiproves of both the former obfer-
vations: Ihe has recourfe to the lawfulnefs of fuch a
practice between Achilles and Brifeis ; and becaufe fucli
commerces in thofe times were reputed honelt, therefore
(he thinks the advice was decent : ihe married ladies are
obliged to her for this obfervadon, and 1 hope all tender
mothers, when their fons are afHidted, will advife them
to comfort themfelves in diis manner.

In ihort, I am of opinion that this pafTage outrages
decency ; and it is a fign of lome weaknefs to have fo
much occafion of juflilkauon. Indeed the v-hoJe paf-
fage is capable of a ferious conftrudion, andofiucu a
fenfe as a mother might exprefs to a fon with decency 2
and then it will rua thus, " Why art thois, my fun,

V o L. IV. X



-42 H O iM E R's ILIAD. Book XXIV.

No longer then (his fury if thou dread)

Detain the relics of great Heiflor dead ;

Nor vent on fenfelefs earth thy vengeance vain.

But yield to ranfom, and reflore the flain.

To whom Achilles: be the ranf 3m giv'n, 175

And we flibmit, fince fuch the will of heav'n.

"While thus they commun'd, from th' Olympian bow'rs
Jove orders Iris to the Trojan tow'rs.
Hafte, winged Goddefs ! to the facred town,
And urge her monarch to redeem his fon ; 1 80

Alone, the Ilian ramparts let him leave.
And bear v/hat (tern Achilles may receive :
Alone, for fo we will : no Trojan near ;
Except to place the dead with decent care.
Some aged herald, who with gentle hand, 19^

. May the flow mules and fun'ral car command.
Nor let him death, nor let him danger dread.
Safe thro' the foe by our prote^flion led :



" thus afrii(5led ? "V^'hy thus refigned to forrow ? Can
*' neither fleep nor love divert 5^0 u ? Short is thy date
'* of life, {pend it not all in weeping, but allow fome
** part of it to love and pleafure !" but fhll the indecency
lies in the manner of the exprefTion, which muft be al-
lowed tobealmoftobfcene, (forTjch is the word/xjcryjcr^*
mifceri.) All that can be faid in defence of it is, that as
we are not competent judges of what ideas words might
carry in Homer's time, fo we ouglit not intirely to con-
demn him, bccaufe it is polfible the expreflion might not
iound fo indecently in ancient, as in modern ears.



Book XXIV. II O M E R's I L I A D. 243

Him Hermes to Achilles fliall convey,

Guard of his lite, and partner of his way. 190

Fierce as he is, Achilles' felf fiiall fpare

His age, nor touch one venerable hair :

V. 189. Him Hennss io Achilles Jl? all convcy.~\ The
intervention of IMerciuy v/as very neccllary at this tiine,
and by it the poet not only gives an air of probability
to the relation, but alfo pays a complement to his coun-
trymen the Grecians : they kept fo ftricfi: a guard that
nothing but a God could pafs unobferved; this highly
recommends their military difcipline ; and Priam not be-
ing able to carry the ranfom without a chariot, it vvfould
have been an offence againft probability to have fuppofed
him able to have paffed all die guards of the army in his
chariot, without the ailiftance of fome deity : Horace had
this pafTage in his viev/, ode tlic 10th of the firft book,

Iniqiia Trojs ccijlra fcfollit,

V. 191. Achilles^ felf 0^' all fpare

His age^ nor touch one ''ue?ierabU' hair^ etc.J
It is obfervable that every word here is a negative,
ii^g^yv, ccc-xoiroj, aAiT^j^r^a; Achiiles is fdli {<:i angry that
Jupiter cannot fay he is wife, judicious, and merciful ;
he only commands him negatively, and barely fays he is
not a madman, nor perveriely wicked.

It is the obfervation of the ancients, fliys Euftathius,
that all the caufes of the fins of man are included in
thofe three words : man offends either out of ignorance,
and then he is oc^f'^oy ; or through inadvcrtcncyji* then he
is i<rx67»-05 ; or wilfully and maiicioufly, and then he is
uXii-^^Mv. So that, this defcription agrees very well
V\idi the prefent difpofition of Achilles ; he is not k^pe^^Vy
becaufejiis rcfentmert begins to abate ; he is not «cr;co7roj,
bccaufe his mother has given him inllruiftions ; nor

X 2



244 HOME R's ILIA D. Book XXIV.

Some thought there niuH: be, in a foul fo brave, :
Some kafQ of duty, fome dcfire to fave.

Then down her bow the winged Iris drives: 195
And fwift at Priam's mournful court arrives •
"W^here the fad fons befide their fadicr's throne
Sate bath'd in tears, and anfwer'd groan with groan.
And all amidfl them lay the hoary fire,
(Sad fcene of woe f) His face his wrapt attire 2C0

aXirijum, becaufe he will not ^offend againit the inj unc-
tions of Jupiter.

V. 19^. Tie 'winged Iris flies y etcj Monf. Rapin has
been very free upon this pafTage, where fo many ma-
chines are made ufe of, to caufe Pnam to obtain the
body of Heftor from Achilles, " This father (fays he)
•* who has fo much tenderncfs for this fon, who is ^o
** fuperftitious in obferving the funeral ceremonies, and
'* faving ihofe precious remains fj-om the dogs and
•* vultures ; ought not he to have thought of doing this
** himfelf without being thus exprefly commanded by
'' the £ods ? Was there need of a machine to make
*' him remember that he was a father ?" But this cri-
tic intlrely forgets what rendered fuch a ccndu<5t of ab-
folute necefTity ; namely, the extreme danger and (in all
j;robabir.ty) imminent ruin both of the king and (late,
upon Priam's putting himfolf into die power of his molt
inveterate enemy. There was no other method of re-
covering Ht-iflor, and of difcharging his funeral rites
(which V\'ere looI>ed upon by the ancients of fo Ingh
importance) and therefore the mefiage from Jupiter to
encourage Priam, with the alTiflance of Mercury to con-
duifl him, and to prepare Achilles to receive him with
favour, was far from impertinent : it was d'fgnus vindics
naduSf as Horace cxprcfTes it.

v. 200. His face his lurapt ait ire coticcaVd frojn
JightJ^ The poet has obferved a great dec?n:y in this



Book XXIV. H O M ER's I LI AD. 1:45

Conceal'd from fight ; with frantic hands he fpread
A (how'r of afhes o'er his neck and head.
From room to room his penfire daughters roam ;
Whofe fhrieks and clamours fill the vaulted dome ;
Mindful of thofe, who, late their pride and joy, 205
Lie pale and breathlefs round the fields of Troy !
Before the king Jov's meflenger appears,
And thus in whifpers greets his trembling ears.

Fear not, oh father ! no ill news I bear ;
From Jove I come, Jove makes thee (Hll his care : 21a
For Hedor's fake thefe walls he bids the leave.
And bear what frern Achilles may receive;
Alone, for fo he wills : no Trojan near,
Except to place the dead with decent care^
Some aged herald, who with gentle hand, 215

IMay the flow mules and fun'ral car command.
Nor fnalt thou death, nor fhalt thou danger dread;
Safe thro' the foe by his prcte-ition led j
Thee Hermes to Pelides fliali convey,
Guard of thy life, and partner of my way. 220

Fierce as he is, Achilles' felf fhall fpare
Thy age, nor touch one venerable hair;

place ; he was not able to exprefs the grief of this royat
mourner, and fo covers v;hat he could not reprefert
From this pafiage Semanthes the Sicyonian painter bor-
rowed his defign in the facrifice of Iphigenla, and reprc-
fents his Agamemnon, as Homer does his Priam : JKfchv-
. lus has likcwife imita-ced this place, and draws his Niobc
■exadtly after the manner of Homer. Eui'lathius.



X



5



246 HO M E R's ILIAD. Book XXIV.

Some thought there muft be, in a foul fo bj-ave,
Some fenfe of duty, feme defire to fave.

She fpoke, and vanifh'd. Priam bids prepare 225-
His gentle mules, and harnefs to the car ;
There, for the gifts, a polifh'd caflcet lay :
His pious fons the king*s command obey.
Then part: the monarch to his bridal room,
Where cedar-beams the lofty roofs perfume, 230

And where the treafures of his empire lay ;
Then call'd his queen, and thus began to fay.

Unhappy confort of a king dillreft ;
Partake the troubles of thy hufband's breaft :
I faw defcend the meifenger of Jove, 235

Who bids me try Achilles' mind to move ;
Forfake thefe ramparts, and with gifts obtain
The corps of Hedlor, at yon* navy flain.
Tell me thy thought : my heart impels to go
Thro' hofHle camps, and bears me to the foe. 240

The hoary monarch thus. Her piercing cries
Sad Hecuba renews, and then replies.
Ah ! whither wanders thy diflemper'd mind ^
And where the prudence now that aw*d mankind ?
Thro' Phrygia once, and foreign regions known, 24;
Now all confas'd, diftraded, overthrown !
Singly to pafs thro' boils of foes ! to face
(O heart of ftcel I) the rnurd'rer of thy race !
To view that deatliful eye, and wander o'er
Thofe hands, yet red with Hedor's noble gore \ sjo



Book XXtV. H O M E R's ILIAD. 247

Alas ! my lord ! he knows not how to fpare.
And what his mercy, thy flain Tons declare ;
So brave ! fo many fall'n ! to calm his rage
Vain were thy dignity, and vain thy age.

No pent in this fad palace, let us give 255

To grief, the wretched days we have to live.

Still, (till for Hedor let our forrows flow.

Born to his own, and to his parents woe !

Doom'd from the hour his lucklefs life begun,

To dogs, to vultures, and to Ptleus' fon ! 260

Oh i in his deareft blood might I allay

My rage, and thefe barbarities repay !

For ah ! could Hcdor merit thus ? whofe breath

Expir'd not meanly, in unadive death :

He pour'd his lateft blood in manly nght, 265

And fell a hero iq his country's right.

Seek not to Ihy me, nor my foul affright
With words of omen, like a bird of night ;
(Reply 'd unmov'd the venerable man)
'Tis heav'n commands me, and you urge in vain. 270

V. 26s ' He poured his latejl blood in manly fights

Arid fell a hero ^] This whole difcourfe

of Hecuba is exceedingly natural, 'iat aggravates tlie fea-
tures of Achilles, and foftens thofe of He<flor : her an-
ger blinds her fo much, that fhe can fee nothing great in
Achilles, and her fondnefs fo much, tliat fhe can difcern
no defeds in Hedor. Thus fhe draws Achilles in the
fierceft colours, like a Barbarian, and calls him ay.A7y><; :
but at the fame time forgets that He^or ever fled from
Achilles, and in the original diredly tells us that be knenv
not kG<w to fear i or ho'w tofy.



24^ H O M E R's ILIAD. Book XXIV.

Had any mortal voice thMnjun'ftion laid.

Nor augur, prieft, or feer had been obey'd.

A prefent Goddefs brought the high command^

I faw, I heard her, and the word fliall (land.

I go, ye Gods ! obedient to your call : 37 >

If in yon* camp your pow'rs have doom'd my fall,

Content By the fame hand let me expire f

Add to the (laughter'd fon the wretched fire !

One cold embrace at leafl: m.ay be allowed ^

And my lad tears flow mingled with his blood ! 2S9

From forth his open'd (lores, this faid, he drew
Twelve coftly carpets of refulgent hue.
As many veils, as many mantles told,
And twelve fair veils and garments fliff with geld.
Two tripods next, and twice two chargers fliine, 285
"With ten pure talents from the richeH: mine ;
And laft a large well labour'd bowl had place,
(The pledge of treaties once with friendly Thrace)
Seem.'d all too mean the (lores he could emplo}'-.
For one laft look to buy him back to Troy I 290

LrO ! the fad father, frantic with his pain.
Around him furious drives his menial train :



v. 291. Lo / the fad father^ etc^ This behaviour of
Priam is very natural to a perfon in his circumflances:
the iofs of his favourite fon makes fo deep an impref-
fion upon his fpirits, that he Is incapable of c6nfoIatIon ;
he is difpleafed with every body ; he is angry he knows
not v/hy ; the diforder and hurry of his fpirits make
him break out into paflionate exprefTicns, and thofe ex-
preilions are contained in fhort periods, very natural to



Book XXIV. H O M E R's ILIAD. 249

In vain each Have with duteous care attends,

Each office hurts him, and each face olTends.

What make ye here? officious crouds ! (he eiies) 295

Kence I nor obtrude your anguilh on my eyes.

Have ye no griefs at home, to fix ye there;

Am I the only obje^ft of defpair ?

men in anger, who give not therafelves leifure to exprefs
their ftntiments at full length : it is from the fame paf-
fion that Priam, in> the fecond fpeech, treats all his fons
with the utmoft indignity, calls them gluttons, dancers,
and flatterers. Euitathius very jullly remarks, that he
had Paris particularly in his eye ; but his anger makes
him transfer tint charader to the reft of his chiidien_, not
being calm enough to make a diftmdion between the ia-
nocent and guilty.

That paflage where he runs into the praifes of JFTedlor,
is particularly natural : his concern and fondnefs make
him as extravagant in the commendation of him, as in
the difparagement of his other fons : they are lefs than
mortals, he more than man. Rapin has cenfured this
anger of Priam as a breach of the manners, and fays he
might have fhewn himfelf a father, otherv/ife than by
this ufage of his children. But whoever confiders his
circumfrances, will judge after anodier manner. Priam
after having been the moft wealthy, moft powerful and
formidable monarch of Afia, becomes all at once the
moft raiferable of men ; he lofes in lefs than eight days
the beft of his army, and a great number of virtuous
fons; he lofes the braveft of theni all, his glory and his
defence, the gallant He<Slor. This laft blew links him
quite, and changes him fo much, that he is no longer
the fame : he becomes impatient, frantic, unreafonable i
the terrible effect of ill fortune ! whoever has the leaft
infight into n^iture, muft admire fo fine a pidure of the
force of adverfity on an unhappy old man.



2 5:0 HO M E R's I L I A D. Book XXIV.

Am I become my people's common fliow.

Set up by Jove your fpedacle of woe ? 300

No you muft feel him too ; youifelves muft fall ;

The fame ftem God to ruin gives j^ou all :

Nor is great He€lor lofl by me alone ;

Your fole defence, your guardian pow'r is gone !

I fee your blood the lields of Phrygia drown, 30^

I lee the ruins of your fmoaking town 1

Oh fend me, Gods ! ere that fad day fhall come,

A willing ghod to Pluto's dreary dome !

He fail;, and feebly drives his friends away t
The forrowlng friends his frantic rage obey. 310

Next on his fons his erring fury falls,
Polites, Paris, Agathon, he calls,
His threats Deiphobus and Dius hear,
Hippothous, Pammon, Helenus the feer.
And gen'rous Antiphon : for yet thefe nine 3 J5

Surviv'd, fad relics of his numVous line.

Inglorious fons of an unhappy fire !
Why did not all in He<5tor's caufe expire ?
Wretch that I am ! my braved oifspring flain.
You, the difgrace of Priam's houfe, remain ! 320

Meflor tlie brave, reno\\Ti'd in ranks of war.
With Troilus, dreadful on his rufliing car,



V. 313. Deiphobus and Dius, '2 It has been a difpute
whether ATog or 'Ayavog, in v, 251. was a proper name :
but Pherecydes (fays Euftathius) determines it, and af-
fures us that Dios was a fpurious fon of Priam.



Boole XXIV. H O M E !l's ILIA D. 25 Z

And lafl: great Hector, more than man divine,

For fare he feein'd not of terrellrial line !

All thofe relentlefs Mars untimely flew, 325

And left nie thefe, a foft and fervile crew,

Whofe days the feaft and wanton dance employ,

Gluttons and fiatt'rers, the contempt of Troy !

Why teach ye not, my rapid wheels to run,

And fpeed my journey to redeem my fon ? ^^O

The fons their father's wretched age revere.
Forgive his anger, and produce the car.
High on the feat the cabinet they bind :
The new-made car with folid beauty fhin'd ;
Box was the yoke, embofl with coftly pains, 225

And hung with ringlets to receive tiie reins ;
Nine cubits long the traces fwept the ground;
Thefe to the chariot's polifli'd pole they bound
Then lix'd a ring the running reins to guide.
And clofe beneath the gather'd ends were ty'd. 540
Next with the gifts {the price of Heclor flain)
The fad attendants load the groaning wain :
Lafl: to the yoke the well- match 'd mules tliey bring,
(The gift of Myfia to the Trojan king.)
But the fair horfes, long his darling care, 34^

Himfeif receiv'd, and harnefs'dto his car:

V. 342. The fad attendants load the groaning ivain.'\
It is neceffary to obferve to the reader, to avoid confu-
fion, that two cars are here prepared ; the one drawn
by mules, to carry the prefentS; and to bring back the
body of Hedor ; the other drawn by horfes, in which
the herald and Priam rode. Euftathius.



252 H O M E R's I L I A D. Book XXIV.

Grlev'd as he was, he not this task denyVi ;

The hoary herald help'd him at his fide.

While careful thefe the gentle cotirfers join'-d,

-Sad Hecuba approach 'd \vith anxious nrind ; 350

A golden bowl that fbam'd with fragrant wine,

(Libation deftin'd to the powV divine)

Held in her right, before the deeds flie rtands.

And thus configns it to the monarch's hands.

Take this, and pour to Jove ; that fafe from harms, 3^5
His grace reil:ore thee to our roof, and arras.
Since viclor of thy fears, and flighting mine,
Heav'n, or thy foul, infpire this bold defign ;
Pray to that God, who high on Ida's brow
Surveys thy defolated realms below, 360

His winged meffenger to fend from high.
And lead thy way with heav'nly augury ;
Let the ftrong fov'reign of the plumy race
TowV on the right of yon' sethereal fpace.
That fign beheld, and ftrengthen'd from above, 36?
Boldly purfue the journey mark'd by Jov-e ;
But if tlie God his augury denies,
Supprefs thy impulfe, nor rcjed advice.

'Tis juft (faid Priam) to the lire above
To raife our hand-c, for who fo good as Jove ? 37^
He fpoke, and bad th'attendent handmaid bring
The purefl: water of the living fpring :
(Her ready hsrds the ew'r and bafon held)
Then took tlie golden cup his queen had iili'd ;

On



Book XXIV. IIOMEPJs ILIADo 253

On the mid pavement pours the lofy wine, 375

Uplifts his eyes, and calls the pow'r divine.

O firit, and greatefl ! heav'n s iuiperial lord !
On lofty Ida's holy hill ador'd !
To (lern Achilles now dire<51: my ways,
And teach him mercy when a father prays. 380

If fuch thy will, difpatch from yonder (liy
Thy facred bird, celeftial augury I
Let the ftrong fov'reign of the plumy race
Tow'r on the right of yon' aethereal fpace :
So fhall thy fuppliant, ftrengthen'd from above, 385
Fearlefs purfae the journey mark'd by Jove.

Jove heard his pray'r, and from the throne on high
Difpatcii'd his bird, celeftial augury !
The fwift-wing'd chafer of the feather'd game.
And known to Gods by Percnos' lofty name. 390

Wide, as appears fome palace-gate difplay'd,
i)0 broad, his pinions ftretch'd their ai'iiplc fliade,
As ftooping dexter with refounding wings
Th' imperial bird defcends in airy 'rings.

V. 377. OfirJ}, and greatefl'! etc.]] Eudathius ob-
ferves, tliat there is not one inflance in the whole llias
of any praj^er that was juftly preferred, that failed of
fuccefs. This proceeding of Hon:>er*s is very judicious,
and anfwers exadly to the true end of poetry, which is
to pleafe and inftrud. Thus Priam prays that Achilles
may ceafe his wrath, and compaffioTiate his miferies ; and
Jupiter grants his requeft: the unfortunate king obtains
compafllon, and in his moft inveterate enemy finds ^
friend.

V o L, IV. Y



254 H O M E R's ILIAD. Book XXIV.

A dawn of joy in ev'ry hce appears : " 39^

The mourning matron dries her timVous tears.
Swift on his car th' impatient monarcli fprung ;
The brazen portal in his paiTage rung.
The mules preceding draw the loaded wain,
Charg'd with the gifts : Idaeus holds the rein : 400
The king himfelf his gentle fteeds controuls,
And thro' furrounding friends the chariot rolls.
On his flow wheels the following people wait.
Mourn at each ftep, and give him up tcfate ;
With hands uplifted, eye him as he paft, 40^

And gaze upon him as they gaz'd their lad.
Now foreward fares the father on his way.
Thro' the lone fields, and back to Ilion they.
Great Jove beheld him as he crofi: the plain,
And felt the woes of miferable man, 4TO

Then thus to Hermes. Thou whofe conf^ant cares
"Still Riccour mortals, and attend their prayVs ;
Behold an t)bje(fc to thy charge confign'd.
If ever pity touch 'd thee for mankind.
Go, guard the lire ; th' obferving foe prevent, 41^-

And fafe conduct him tO Achilles' tent.

The God obeys, his golden pinions binds.
And mounts inctimbent on the wings of winds,

V. 417. T/)e defer ipt ion of Mo'rcury.'] A man muft
have no tafte for poetry that does not admire this fn-
blime defcription : Virgil has tranflated it almofl verba-
tim in the 4th book of the ^fincis, v. 24Q.

'^'-^'^IIU patri: mag7ii parcre parahat '

Jvi^erio^ el priminn pcdibia talaria ^ecli'



Book XXIV. H O M E R\ ILIAD. 2SS

That high thro' fields of air his flight fuftain.

O'er the wide earth, and o'er the boiuidlefs main : 420

Then grafps the wand that caufes fleep to fly.

Or in foft ilumbers feals the wakeful eye ;

Thus arm'd, fwift Hermes fteers his airy way.

And ftoops on Hellcfpont's refounding fea.

A beauteous youth, majeftic and divine, 425

He feem'd; fair ofTspring of fome princely line !

Aureoy qate fuhlimem alis.>Jtve aquorafupra,
Seu t err am rapido parite^ cum Jlamine portant*
Turn virgam capit, hac animus Hie evocat orco
PallenteSy alias fub ttijiia tar tar a miitit ;.
Dat Jomnos, adimUquey et lumina morte rejjgnat.

It is hard to determine v/hich is more excellent, the
copy, or the original: Mercury appears in both pi-iiures
with equal majefty ; and the Roman drefs becomes him,
as well as the Grecian. Virgil has added the latter part
of the fifth, and the whole fixth line, to Homer, which
makes it ftill more full and majeftical.

Give me leave to produce a pafTage out of Milton o£
near afhaity with thefe lines above, which is not inferior
to Homer or Virgil : it is the defcription of the defcent
of an angel.

• DovjK thither y prone in flight
Hejpeeds» and thro' the vaji athereal fky
Sails htnveen nvcrlds and^vcrlds ; imthjleady ^.vjyigi
JVoix} on the polar 'winds f then ivi/h quick fsrce
IVinno'ws the buxom air >m " i

Of beaming funny rays a golden tiar
Circled his head ; nor lefs his locks behind
Jllufrious, en his Jhculders fledg''d njjith fwings^

Lay waving round, etc.

Y 2



2-56 HOMER'* ILIAD. Book XXIV.

Now twilight veil'd the glaring face of day,

And clad the dufky fields in fober gray ;

What time the herald and the hoary king /

Their chariots flopping, at the filver fpring 450

That circling Ilus' ancient marble flows,

Allow'd their mules and fleeds a fhort repofe.

Thro' the dim fhade the herald firfl efpies

A man's approach, and thus to Priam cries,

I mark fome foe's advance: O king ! beware ; 435

This hard adventure claims thy utmoft care :

For much I fear, deflruv5tion hovers nigh :

Our ftate alks counfel; is it befl to fly ?

Or, old and helplefs, at his feet to fall,

(Two wretched fuppliants) and for mercy call ? 440



V. 427. N01M twilight veiV d the glaring face of day ^
The poet by fuch intimations as thefe recalls to our
minds the exacfl time which Priam takes up in his jour-


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