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'Tis true (the cloud-compelling Pow'r replies)

This day, we call the council of the lldes 30

In care of human race ; ev'n Jove's own eye

Sees with regret unhappy mortals die.

Far on Olympus' top in fecret flate

•Ourfelf will fit, and fee the hand of fate

>

Work out our will. Celeflial pow'rs ! defcend, 35
And as your minds dire6t^, your fuccour lend

* Neptune.

ilgnliies the element of water, and confequently the
whole element could not afcend into the ^Ether ;
but whereas Neptune, the rivers, and the fountains are
faid to have been prefent, this is no way impoilible, if
we confider it in an allegorical fenfe, v/hich ini plies, that
the rivers, feas, and fountains fupply the air with vapours,
.and by that means afcend into the.iEther.

V. 35. CeleJJial pcivrs ! djfcend.

And as your minds dire^, your fuccour lend

To either hofl -]

'Euftathius informs us, that the ancients were very much



36 H O M E R's ILIAD. Book XX.

To either hoft. Troy foon mufl lie o'erthrown,

If uncontroul'd Achilles fights alone:

Their troops but lately durfl not meet his eyes;

What can they now, if in his rage he rife ? 40

AlTilT: them, Gods ! or Ilion's facrcd wall

May fall this day, tho' fate forbids the £^].

divided upon this pafTage of Flomer. Some have criticiz-
ed it, and others have anfwered their criticifm ; but he
reports nothing more than the obje(R:ion, without tranf-
mlttlng the anP.ver to us. Thofe who condemned
Homer, faid Jupiter was for the Trojans ; he faw the
Greeks were the (trongefi:, fo permitted the gods to
declare themfelves, and <xo to the battle. But therein
that God is deceived, and dees not gain hi^ point; for
the gods who favour the Greeks being ilionuer than
thofe who flivour the Trojans, the Greeks will iHU have
the fame advantage. 1 do not know Vvhat anfwer the
partifans of Homer made, but for mv part, I think this
obje61ion is more ingenious than folid. Jupiter does
not pretend that the Trojans fliould be flrorger than
the Greeks, he has only a mind that the decree of Defllny
lliould be executed. Defliny had refufed to Achilles
the glory of taking Troy, but if Achilles fights fingly
againfl: the Trojans, he is capable of forcing Defliny ; (as
Homer has already elfewhere faid, tliat there had been ,
brave men who had done fo.) AVhereas if the gods 1
look part, though thofe who followed the Grecians were 1
flronger than thofe who were for the Trojans, the lat-
ter would however be flrong enough to fupport deftiny,
and to hinder Achilles from making hlmfclf mafler of
Troy : this was Jupiter's fole view. Thus is this paf-
fage fiir from being blameable, it is on the contrary very
beautiful, and infinitely glorious for Achilles. Dacier,

V. 41. Or Uw?2^s facred 'wall

May fall this day, tho fate forbids the fall !\
Monf. dc la Mottc criticizes on this pafTagc, as thinking

it



BcokXX, HOxMER's ILIAD. 37

He faid, and fir'd their heav'nly breafls with rage :
On adverfe parts the warring Gods engage.
Heav'n's awful queen ; and lie whofe azure round 45
Girds the vafl: globe ; the maid in arms rcnown'd ;

it abfurd and contradiclory to Homer's own fyflem, to
imasine, that what fate had ordained fliould not come
to pafs. Jupiter here feems to fear that Troy will be
taken this ver}^ day in fpite of deftiny, vrrl^ ^o^av. M.
Boivin anf\vers, tliat the explication hereof depends whol-
ly upon the principles of the ancient Pagan theology, and
their dot^lrine concerning fate. It is certain, according
to Homer and Virgi!, that what defliny had decreed did
not coniVantly happen in the precife time marked by de-
iHny ; the fatal moment was not to be retarded, but
might be bartened : for example, that of the death of
Dido was advanced by the blow ilie gave herfelf; her
hour was not then come.

Nee fatOj met it a nee niorie perlhat^



Sed mi/era ante die?}!' "" •

Every violent death was accounted vTrl^^iiipdv, that is,
before the fated time, or (which is the fame thing) a-
gainft the natural order, turbato mortal it at is or dine, as
the Romans exprefied it. And the fame might be faid
of any misfortunes which men draw upon themfelves by
their own ill conduit. {Seethe note on v. 560. lib. iG.)
In a word, it mud: be allowed that it was not cafy, in the
Pagan religion, to form the jufteif ideas upon a dodrine
fo difficult to be cleared ; and upon which it is no great
wonder ifa poetfhould not always b2perfe(n;ly coifiilent
with himfelf, when it has puzzled fuch a number of di-
vines and philofbphers.

V. 44, On adverfe parti the ixxzrring Cods engage,
Heav'n's wvoful qneen^ etc.3
Euflathius has a very curious remark upon thi^ divi-
fion of the gods in Homer, which M . Dacier has entirely
Vol. IV. D



3S H O M E R^s I L I A D. Book XX*

Hermes, of profitable arts the fire :

And Vulcan, the black fov'reign of the fire :

Thefe to the fleet repair with inflant flight ;

The vefiels tremble as th^ Gods alight. 50

In aid of Troy, Latona, Phcebus came,

Mars fiery-helm'd, the laughter-loving dame,

borrowed (as indeed no commentator ever borrowed
more, or acknowledged lefs, than fhe has every where
done from Euftathius.) This dr/ifion, fays he, is not
made at random, but founded upon very foiid reafons,
drawn from the nature of thofe two nations. He places
on the fide of the Greeks all the Gods who prefide over
arts and fciences, to fignify hov/ much in that refped the
Greeks excelled all other nations. Juno, Pallas, Nep-
tune, Mercury and Vulcan are for the Greeks ; Juno
not only as the goddefs who prefides over marriage, and
who is concerned to revenge an injury done to the nup-
tial bed, but likewife as the goddefs who reprelents mo-
narchical government, which was better eibblifhed ia
Greece than" any where elfe ; Pallas, becaufe being the
goddefs of war and v/ifdom, (he ought to afliO: thofe who
are wronged ; befides the Greeks underwood the art of
war better than the Barbarians ; Neptune, becaufe he v/as
an enemy to the Trojans upon account of Laomedon's
pefidioi^.fnefs, and becaiife moft of the Greeks being come
from iilands or peninfulas, they were in fome fort his
iubjecJ^s ; Mercury, becaufe he is a God who prefides
over ilratagems of war, and becaufe Troy was taken by
that of the wooden horfe ; lafHy Vulcan, as the declared
enemy of Mars and of all adulterers, and as the father
of arts.

V. 92. Marsfery-hehij^d, i he langhter'loving dafne^
The reafons why Mars and Venus engage for the Tro-
jans, are very obvious ; the poitit In hand was to favour
ravifhers and debauchees. But the fame reafon, yon



Book XX. H O xM £ R's r L I A D; 39

Xanthus whofe (treams in golden currents flow.

And the cliade huntreis of the lilver bow.

F-re yet the gods their various aid employ, SS

Each Argive bofom fweli'd with manly joy,

While great Achilles, (terror of the plain)

Long loit to battle, flione in arms again.

Dreadful he (tood in front of all his hoft ;

Pale Troy beheld, and feeni'd already lofi: ; ^0

Her braved heroes pant with inward fear,

And trembling fee another God of war.

But when the pow'rs defcending fwell'd the fight.
Then tumuit rofe ; fierce rage and pale affright
Vary'd each face ; then Difcord founds alarms, 65

Earth echoes, and the nations rufh to arms.
Kow thro' the trembling (hores MiAerva calls,
And now fhe thunders from the Grecian walls.
Mars hov'ring o'er his Troy, his terror fhrouds
In gloomy tempefts, and a ni^ht of clouds : 70

Now thro' each Trojan heart he fury pours
With voice divine from Ihon's topmoft tow'rs,
Now fliouts to Simois, from her beauteous hill ;
The mountain fnook, the rapid ftream (lood (Hll.

will fay, does not fcrve for Apollo, Diana and Latona.
It is urged that Apollo is for the Trojans, becaufe of
the darts and arrows which were the principal (Irength
of the Barbarians ; and Diarta, becaufe fne prefided over
dancing, and thofe Barbarians were great dancers : and
Latona, as influenced by her children. Xanthus being
u Trojan river, is intereited for his country, EuUathius,

D 2



40 HOMER*s ILIAB. Book XX.

Above, the fire of Gods his thunder rolls, j^

And peals on peals redoubled rend the poles.
Beneath, flern Neptune fhakes the folid ground ;
The forefts v/ave, the mountains nod around ;
Thro' all their fummits tremble Ida's woods,
And from their fources boil her hundred floods, 80



V. 75. JScve, the fire of Gods, etc.] " The images
*• (fays Longinus} which Homer gives of the combate of
** the gods, have in them fomething prodigioufly great
*' and magnificent. We fee in thefe verfes, the earth
** opened to its very centre, hell ready to difclofe itfelf,
" the whole machine of the world upon the pomt to be
" deifroyed and overturned : to fhew that in fuch a
** conflidt, heaven and hell, all things mortal and im-
** mortal, the whole creation in ihort was engaged in this
" battle, and all th& extent of nature in danger,"

Nonfecus acjt qua penitus vl terra dehifcejit
Jnfemai referet fedes it regna recludat
Pallida , Diis invifa^ fupi-rque ivimane barathrum
Ccrnatury irepidentaue immijfo lumine manes*

VirgiL

Madam Dacier rightly obferves that this copy is in-
ferior to the original on this account, that Virgil has
made a comparifon of that which Homer made an ac-
tion. This occafions an infinite difference, which is eafy
t& be perceived.

One may compare with this noble pafTage of Homer,
the batde of the gods and giants in Hefiod's Theogony,
which is one of die fublimed parts of diat author ; and
Milton's battle of the angels in the fixth book : the eleva-
tion, and enthufiafm of our great countryman feems
owing to this original.



Book XX. H O M E R's I L I A B. 4I

Troy's turrets totter on the rocking Plain ;

And the tofs'd navies beat the heaving main.

Deep in the difmal regions of the dead,

Th' infernal monarch rear'd his horrid head,

Leap'd from his throne, left Neptane's arm ihould lay 85'

His dark dominions open to the day,

And pour in light on Pluto's drear abodes,

Abhor'd by men, and dreadful ev'n to Gods.

Such war th' immortals wage: fuch horrors rend
The world's vaft concave, wJien the Gods contend. 90
Firft lilver-ihafted Phoebus took the plain
Againft blue Neptune, monarch of the main :
The God of arms his giant bulk difplay'd,
Oppos'd to Pallas, war's triumphant maid.
Againft Latona march 'd the fon of May ;. 95,

The cjuivcr'd Dian, filler of the day,
(Her golden arrows founding at her fide)
Saturnia, majefty of heav'n, defy'd.

V. 91 Firfl /:lvsr'JJ?c!fiedPh(shus toohhg plain, etcj
With what art does the poet engage the gods in this,
confliv^l ! Neptune oppofcs Apollo, which implies that
things moift and dry arcL in continual difcord ; Pallas
fights with Mars, which fignifies that raflmefs and wifdom.
always difagree : Juno is againft Diana, that is, nothing
more differs from a marriage ftaJ:e,.than celibacy: Vul-
can engages Xanthus, that is, fire and Vvater are in per-
petual variance. Thus we have a fine allegory conceal-
ed under the veil of excellent poetry, and tae reader re-
ceives a double fatisfa<5tion at. the lame time froin beau*
tiful verfes, and an inftrudive moral. Euftathiui,



D 3



4^1 H O M E R's ILIA D. Book XX.

With fiery Vulcan lafl in battle ftands

The facred flood that rolls on golden fands ; loo

Xanthus his name with thofe of heav'nly birth.

But call'd Scamander by the Tons of earth.

While thus the Gods in various league engage,
Achilles glow'd with more than mortal rage :
Hedor he fought ; in fearch of HecStor turn'd lOl

His eyes around, for He<n:or only burn'd ;
And burft like light'ning thro' the ranks, and vo^v'd
To glut the God of battles with his blood.

^neas was the firfl who dar'd to (lay ;
Apollo wedg'd him in the warrior's way, IIO

But fwell'd his bofom with undaunted might,
Half-forc'd, and half-pcrfuadsd to the fight.
Like young Lycaon, of the royal line.
In voice and afpedl, feem'd the pow'r divine ;
And bade the chief refled, how late with fcorn ii^
In diftant threats he brav'd the Goddefs-born,

Then thus the hero of Anchifes' ftrain.
To meet Pelides you perfuade in vain :
Already have I met, nor void of fear
Obferv'd the fury of his flying fpear ; 120

v. ii(). j^lrcady have J met, ttcr\ Euftathius remarks
that the poet lets no opportunity pafs of inferting into
his poem the adlions that preceded the tenth year of the
war, efpecially the adlions of Achilles the hero of it. In
this place he brings in .tineas extolling the bravery of his
enemy, and confeiling himfelf to have formerly been van-
quifhed by him : at the fame time he preferves a piece '
of ancient hidory, by inferting into the poem the hero's
con que ft of Pedafus and LyrnefTus.



Book XX. H O M E R's I L 1 A D. ^ 43

From Ida's woods he chas'd us from the field.

Our force he fcatterd, and our herds he kill'd :

LymefTus, Pedafus in afhes lay ;

But (Jove alfifting) I furvlv'd the day.

Elfe had I funk oppreft in fatal fight, 12 J

By fierce Achilles and Minerva's might.

Where'er he mov'd the goddefs (lione before,

And bath'd his brazen lance in hoRile gore.

What mortal man Achilles can fuflain ? ")

Th' immortals guard him thro' the dreadful plain, ^
And fufier not his dart to fall in vain. \

Were God my aid, this arm fhould check his pow'r,
Tho' (Irong in battle as a brazen tow'r.

To whom the fon of Jove. That God implore,
And be, what great Achilles was before. 135

From heav'nly Venus thou deiiv'ft thy ftrain,
And he, but from a fifler of the main ;
An aged fea God, father of his line,
But Tove himfelf the facred fource of thine.

V. 121. From Idas nuoods he chas'd us
But (Jove ajjifling) Ifufvivd.'\
It is remarkable that .i^neas owed his fafety to his flight
from Achilles, but it may feem ftrange that Achilles,
who was fo famed for his fwiftnefs Ihould not be able
to overtake him, even with Minerva for his guide. Eu-
ftathius anfwers, that this might proceed from the bet-
ter knowledge ^^Eneas might have of the ways and de-
files ; Achilles being a (tranger, and iEneas having long
kept his father's flocks in thofe parts.

He farther obferves, that the wordip<z'o? difcovers that
it was in the night that Achilles purfued uEneas.



44 HOMER'S ILIAD. Book XX.

Then lift thy weapon for a noble blow, 140

Nor fear the vaunting of a mortal foe.

This faid, and fpirit breath 'd into his breaf!.
Thro' the thick troops th' embolden 'd hero preft :
His vent'rous a<5l the white arm'd-queen furvey'd.
And thus, aflembling all the powVs, fhe i^iid. 145

Behold an adion, Gods ! that claims your care,.
Lo great ^neas rufhing to the war ^
Againft Pelides he direds his courfe,
Phoebus impels, and Phoebus gives him force.
Reftrain his bold career ; at leaft, t 'attend 150

Our faTour'd hero, let fome pow'r defcend.
To guard his life, and add to his renown,
We, the great armament of heav'n,. came down.
Hereafter let him flill, as fates defign,
That fpun fo fhort his life's illuflrious line : i f 5

But left fome adverfe God now crofs his way,
Give him to know, what pow'rs aflift this day ;
For how fhall mortal ftand the dire alarms.
When heav'n's refulgent hoft appear in arms ?

Thus fhe, and thus the God whofe force cm make 160
The folid globe's eternal bafis (hake.
Againft the might of man, fo feeble known.

Why fuould celeftial pow'rs exert they- own ?

SufRce, from yonder mount to view the feene ;

And leave to war the fates of mortal men. 16 J

But if di' armipotent , or God of light.

Obftrud /;chiiles, or commence the fight,



Book XX. H O M E R's ILIAD. 45

Thence on the Gods of Troy we fwift defcend :
Full foon, I doubt not, fhall the confii*fl end.
And thefe, in ruin and confufion hurl'd, 170

Yield to our conqu'ring arms the lower world.

Thus having faid, the tyrant of the Tea,
Cserulean Neptune, rofe, and led the way.
Advanc'd upon the field there ftood a mound
Of earth congefted, wall'd, and trench'd around ; 175
In elder times to guard Alcides made,
(The work of Trojans, with Minerva's aid)
What time, a vengeful monfter of the main
Swept the wide ihore, and drove him to the plain.



V. \']£,.Advancd upon the field there flood a mound,
etc. 3 It may not be unneceflary to explain this pafiage
to make it underftood by the reader: the poet is very
(hort in the defcription, as fiippofing the fa(5l already
known, and hailens to the combate between Achilles
and apneas. This is very judicious in Homer, not to
dwell on a piece of hiftory that had no relation to his
action, when he has raifed the reader's expedation by
fo pompous an introdudion, and made the Gods them-
felvQS his fpedators.

The ftory is as follows: Laomedon having defrauded
Neptune of the reward he promifcd him for the building
the walls of Troy, Neptune fent a monllrous whale, to
which Laomedon expofed his daughter Hefione ; but
Hercules having undertaken to d^-rtroy the monfter, the
Trojans raifed an intrenchment to defend Hercules from
his purfuit ; this being a remarkable piece of condudt
in the Trojans, it gave occafion to the poet to adorn a
plain narration with fidion, by afcribing the work to Pal-
las the goddefs of wifdora, Euftathius.



46 KOMER»s ILIAD. Book XX.

Here Neptune, and the Gods of Greece repair, 1 80
With clouds encompafs'd, and a veil of air;
The adverfe powVs, around Apollo laid.
Crown the fair hills that filver Simois fhade.
In circle clofe each heav'nly party fate,
Intent to form the future fcheme of fate ; i 85

But mix not yet in fight, tho' Jove on high
Gives the loud fignal, and the heav'ns reply.

Meanwhile the rufhing anriies hide the ground ;
The trampled centre yields a hollow found :
Steeds cas'd in mail, and chiefs in armour bright, 190
The gleamy champain glows with brazen light,
j^mid both hofls (a dreadful fpace) appear
There, great Achilles ; bold jEneas here.
With tow'ring flrides iEneas iirft advanced ;
The nodding plumage on his helmet danc'd, ipjT

V. 1 80. Here Neptune and the Cods, etc. 3 I wonder
why Eullathius and all other commentators (hould be
filent upon this recefs of the gods : it feems ftrange at
the firft view, that fo many deities, after having entered
the fcene of adion, fhould perform fo fhort a part, and
immediately become themfelves fpe«5i:ators ? I conceive
the reafon of this condud in the poet to be, that A-
chillcs has been inaiflive during the greateft part of the
poem ; and as he is the hero of it, ou^iht to be the chief
characfter in it : the poet therefore withdraws the gods
from the field, that Achilles may have the whole honour
of the day, and not a61: in fubordinarion to the deities :
befides the poem now draws to a conclulion, and it is ne-
celfary for Homer to enlarge upon the exploits, of A-
chilles, that he may kave a noble idea of his valour up-
on the mind of the reader.



Book XX. H O M E R's ILIAD. 47

Spread o'er his breaft the fencing fhield he bore.

And as he mov'd, his jav'lin flam'd before.

Not fo Pelides ; furious to engage,

He rufti'dimpetaous. Such die Hon's rage.,

Who viewing fir(l his foes with fcornful eyes, 200

Tho' all in arms the peopled city rife,

Stalks carelefs on, with unregarding pride ;

'Till at the length, by fome brave youth defy'd.

To his bold fpear the favage turns alone,

He murmurs fury with an hollow groan ; 205

He grins, he foams, he rolls his eyes around ; <

Lafh'd by his tail his heaving fides refound ;

He calls up all his rage ; he grinds his teeth,

-Refolv'd on vengeance, or refolv'd on death.

So fierce Achilles on ^neas flies ; 2lO

So (lands ^Eneas, and his force defies.

Ere yet the flern encounter join'd, begun

The feed of Thetis thus to Venus' fon.

Why comes ^neas thro' the ranks fo far ?
Seeks he to meet Achilles' arm in war, 2 1 5



V. 214, <r/r. T^e converfation of Achilles and JEne-
as.'] I fliall lay before the reader the words of Euftathi-
■us in defence of this palTage, which I confefs feems to me
to be faultj in the poet. The reader, fays he, would
naturally exped fome great and terrible atchievements
ihould enfue from Achilles on his fiid enterance upon ac-
tion. The poet leems to prepare us for it, by his
inagnificent introduction of him into the field : but in-
ftead of a ftorm, we have a calm ; he follows the fame
method in this book as he did in the third, where when
60th armies were ready to engage in a general confli<5!:,



^8 H O M E R's ILIA D. Book XX.,

In hope the reahiis of Priam to enjoy.

And prove his rneiiis to the throne of Troy ?

Grant that bdocath thy Jance Achilles dies.

The partial monarch may refufe the prize ;

Sons he has many ; thofe thy pride may quell ; 220

And 'tis his fault to love thofe fons too well.

Or, in reward of thy viflorious hand,

Has Troy propos'd fome fpacious tracl of land ?

An ample foreft, or a fair domain.

Of hills for vines, and arable for grain ? 225

Ev'n this, perhaps, will hardly prove thy lot.

But can Achilles be 16 foon forgot ?

he ends the day in a fingle combate between two heroes :
thus he always agreeably furprizes his reader:, Belides
the admirers of Homer reap a farther advantage from this
converfation of tlie heroes : there is a chain of ancieitt
hiftory as well as aferies of poetical beauties.

Madam Dacier's excufe is very little better : and to
Ihew that diis is really a fault in the poet, I believe I may
appeal to the tafte of e\'«ry reader wiio certainly finds
himfelf difappointed : our expeflation is raifed to fee gods
■ and heroes engage, when fuddenly it all finks into fuch a
combate, in which neither party receives a wound : and
(what is more extraordinary) the gods are made the fpec-
tators of fo fmall an action ! what occafion was there for
thunder, earthqr.akes, and defcending deities, to intro-
duce a matter of fo little importance ? neither is it any
excufe to fay he has given us a piece of ancient hiftory ;
we expe(5l:ed to read a poet, not an hiitorian. In fliort,
after the greateft. preparation for adion imaginable, he
fufpends the whole narration, and from the heat of a
poet, cods at once into the feiplicity of an hifloiian.

, -Once



Beok XX. H O M E R's ILIA D. 49

Once (as I tliink) you faw this brandifh'd fpear.

And then the great /Eneas feem'd to fear.

With hearty hafte from Ida's mount he fled, 2-0

Nor, 'till he reach'd LyrneiTus, turn'd his head.

Her lofty walls not long our progrefs fbiy'd ;

Thofe, Pallas, Jove, and we, in ruins laid :

In Grecian chains her captive race were cafl.;

'Tis true, the great ^?Lheas fled too fafl. 23 J

Defrauded of my conquefl: once before,

What then I loft, the Gods this day reilore.

Go ; while thou may'ft-, avoid the threaten'd fate ; -'

Fools (lay to feel it, and are v/ife too late. -^

To this Anchifes' fon. Such words employ 240
To one that fears thee, fome un warlike boy ;
Such we difdcrin ; the bcft may be defy'd
With mean reproaches, and unmanly pride :
Unworthy the high race from wliich we came,
Proclaim'd fo loudly by the voice of fame ; 2,| j

£ach from illuftrioiis fathers draws his line ;
Each goddefs-born ; half human, half divine.
Thetis' this day, or Venus' offspring dies,
And tears fliall trickle from celeftial eyes :
For when two heroes, thus deriv'd, contend, 250

'Tis not in words the glorious ftrife can end.
If yet thou farther feek to learn my birth
(A tale refounded thro' the fpacious earth)
Hear how the glorious origin we prove
From ancient Dardanus, the firft from Jov-e ; 55 5

Vol. IV. E



5:o- H O M E R's I L I A D. Book XX.

Dardania's walls he rais'd ; fijr Illon, then,

(The city fince of raany-languag'd men)

Was not. The natives were content to till

The (liady foot of Ida's fount-ful hill.

From Dardanus, great Erichthoniiis fprings, 260

The richeft, once, of Afia's wealthy kings;

Three thoufand mares his fpacious paftures bred.

Three thoufand foals befide their mothers fed.

Boreas, enaraour'd of the fprightly train.

Concealed his godhead in a flowing mane, 265



V. 258. The native i nuere content to till

The Jhady foot of Ida s fount-ful hllU

AAA' W Cttu^hx? aKiov 7roAv7r/^«x8"l^;i5.

Plato and Strabo underftand this pafTage as favouring
the opinion that the mountainous parts of the world
were firfl inhabited, after the univerfal deluge ; and tliat
mankind by degrees defcended to dwell in the lower
parts of the hills (which they would have the word
vTs-a^iicc fignify) and only in greater procefs of time
ventured into the valleys : Virgil however feems to have
taken this word in a fenfe fomething different where he
alludes to this pafTage. ^n. 3. v 109.

-., Nondum IHuvi et arces

p crgatneje Jieterant i habit abant vallibus imis,


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