The Iliad of Homer (Volume 4) online

. (page 5 of 22)
Online LibraryHomerThe Iliad of Homer (Volume 4) → online text (page 5 of 22)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

it may be afl^ed why the life of Hedor is of fuch im-
portance that Apollo fhould refcue him from the hand
of Achilles here, and yet fuffer him to fall fo foon after?
Euftathius anfwers, that the poet had not yet fufEciently
exalted the valour of Achilles, he takes time to enlarge
upon his atchievements, and rlfes by degrees in his cha-
racter, till he completes both his courage and refentment
at one blow in the death of Hedlor. And the poet,
adds he, pays a great compliment to his favourite coun-
tryman, by lliewing that nothing twit the intervention of
a God could have laved ^ilneas and He«51:or from the hand
of Achilles.

Book XX. H O M E R's I L I A D, 67

Gigantic chief ! deep gaili'd th' enormous blade,

And for .the foul an ample pafTage made. 530

J^aogonus and Dardanus expire.

The valiant fons of an unhappy (ire ;

Both in one inftant from the chariot hurl'd.

Sunk in one inflant to the nether world ;

This diff 'rence only their fad fates aiford, 535

That one the fpear deflroy'd, and one the fword.

Nor lefs unpity'd, young Alaftor bleeds ;
In vain his youth, in vain his beauty pleads :
In vain he begs thee with a fuppliant's moan.
To fpare a form, an age fo like thy own ! J40

Unhappy boy ! no pray'r, no moving art.
E'er bent that fierce, inexorable heart !
While yet he trembled at his knees, and cry'd,
The ruthlefs faulchion ope'd his tender fide ;

V. 54 1 .— — No prayer J no moving art

E'er bent that fierce^ inexorable heart!"] ^

\ confefs it is a fatisfaftion to me, to obferve with what

art the poet purfues his fubjed : the opening of the poem

profeffes to treat of the anger of Achilles ; that anger

draws on all the great events of the ftory : and Homer

at every opportunity awakens the reader to an attention

to it, by mentioning the effecls of it : fb that when we

fee in this place the hero deaf to youth and compaffion,

it is what we expect : mercy in him would offend, be-

caufe it is contrary to his character. Homer propofes

|te liim not as a pattern for imitation ; but the moral of the

^^poem which he defigned the reader fhould draw from it,

is, that we (hould avoid anger, lince it is ever pernicious

■ in the event.

s^ HO MER*s ILIAD. Book XX.

The panting liver pours a flood of gore 54S

'That drowns his bofoni till he pants no more.

Thro' Mulius' head then drove th* impetuous fpear.
The warrior falls, transfix'd from ear to ear.
Thy life, Echeclus I next the fword bereaves,
Deep thro' the front the pond'rous faulchion cleaves ; 5^0
.W^rm'd in die brain the fmoaking weapon lies,
The purple death comes floating o'er his eyes.
Then brave Deucalion dy'd : the dart was flung
Where the knit nerves the pliant elbow ftrung ;
He dropt his arm, an unallifting weight, 555

Ar.d flood all impotent, expecting fate:
Full on his neck the falling faulchion fped,
From his broad flioulders hew'd his crefted head :
Forth from the bone the fpinal marrow flies.
And funk in duft, the corps extended lies. 560

Rhlgnius, whofe race from fruitful Thracia came,
(The fon of Pireus, an illuftrious name,)
Succeeds to fate : the fpear his belly rends ;
Prone from his car the thund'ring chief defcends :
The fquire, who faw expiring on the ground ^6^

His profl:rate mafter, rein'd the fteeds around :
His back fcarce turn'd the Pellan jav'lln gor'd ;
And ftreteh'd the fervant o'er his dying lord.
As when a flame the winding valley fills.
And runs on crackling ftirubs between the hills ; 570
Then o'er the flubble up the mountain flies.
Fires the high woods, and blazes to the fldes,

Book XX. HOME R's ILIAD. 69 ]

This way and that, the fpreading torrent rorcs ;

So fweep3 the hero thro' the wafted fhores ;

Around him wide, imnienfe deftru-ftion pours, 575

And earth is delug'd with the flmguine fliow'rs.

As with autumnal harveds cover'd o'er.

And thick beftrown, lies Ceres' facred floor,

\Mien round and round, with never-weary'd pain,

The trampling fleers beat out th' un-number'd grain, 5 80

V. 580. The trampling fleers heat out th* un-num'
herdgrain.~\ In Greece, inftead of threfhing the corn
as we do, they caufed it to be trod out by oxen ; this
was Ukewife pradifed in Judsea, as is feen by the law of
God, who forbad the Jews to muzzle the ox who trod
out the corn . Non ligahis os bovis terentis in area
fruges tuas, Deut. xxv. Dacier.

The fame practice is flill preferved among the Turks
and modem Greeks ,

ThefimiVtes at the end,"] It is ufual with our author
to heap his fimilies very thick together at the concluii-
on of a book. He has done the fame in the feven-
teenth : it is the natural difcharge of a vafl imagination,
heated in its piogrefs, and giving itfelf vent in this croud
of images,

I cannot clofc the notes upon this book, without ob-
ferving the dreadful idea of Achilles, which the poet
leaves upon the mind of die reader. He drives his cha-
riot over fliields, and mangled heaps of ilain : the wheels,
the axle-tree, and the horfes are (tained with blood, the
hero's eyes burn with faiy, and his hands are red with
flaughter, A painter might form from this paffage the
picture of Mars in the fullnefs of his terrors, as well
as Phidias is faid to have drav/n from another, that of Ju-
piter in all his majeRy.

ro II O M E R's I L I A D. Book XX.

So the fierce courfers, as the chLiiot rolls.

Tread down v/hole ranks, and crufh out heroes fouls.

Dafh'd from their hoofs while o'er the dead they fly.

Black, bloody drops the fmoaking chariot dye :

The fpiky wheels thro' heaps of carnage tore ; 585

And thick the groaning axles dropp'd with gore.

High o'er the fcene of death Achilles (tood,

Ail grim with dufi^^, all horrible in blood:

Yet ftill infatiate, (till with rage on flame ;

Such is die luft of never-djing fame I 590





The battle in the river Scamander.

TH E Trojans fly before /^ckilles, Jovie towards the
tonvn, others to the river Scamander; he falls up07i
the latter nxjith great /laughter, takes tnxielve cap-
tives alive, to facrifice to thejhade of Patroclus ;
and kills Lycaon and Aflerop^^as, Sca7nander at'
tacks him 'VJith all his ivaves ; ISeptune and Pallas
ajjiji the hero ; Simois joins Sca?7iander ; at length
Vulcan, by the infligati^n of Jurro, ahnofi dries up
the river. This cojfibate ended, the other Godi en^
gage each other, Meanivhile Achilles continues the
Jlaughter, drives the rej} into Troys Agenor only
makes afland, and is conveyed away in a cloud by
4p9llo', who {to delude Achilles^ takes upon hijuA-
■ genor's shape, and while he purfues him in thai dif-
g"^fi^ ^/f^/ the Trojans an opportunity of retiring
into their city.

The fame day continues. The fcene is on the hanks
and in the ft r earn of Scamander,

AND now to Xanthus' gilding dream tliey drov-?.
^ "^ Xanthus, immortal progeny of Jove,
The river here divides die flying train.
Part to the tov/n fly diverfe o'er the plain,

This book is entirely different from all tlie foregoing :
though it be a battle, it is intirely of a new acd furpriz-

72 H O M E R's I L I A D. Book XXf.

Where late their troops triumphant bore the fight, 5
Now chas'd, and trembling in ignoble flight :
(Thefe with a gather'd raid Saturnia flirouds, .
And rolls behind the rout a heap of clouds)
Part plunge into the dream : old Xanthus rorcs,
The flafliing billows beat the whiten 'd lliores : 10

With cries promifcuous all the banks refound,
And here, and there, in eddies whirling round.
The Houncing (Iceds and fhrieking warriors drown'd.

ing kind, diverfified with a vafl: quantity of imagery and
defcription. The fcene is totally changed : he paints
the combate of his hero with the rivers, and defer ibes a
battle amidO: an inundation. It is obfervable, that tho'
the whole war of the Iliad was upon the banks of thefe
rivers. Homer has artfully left out the machinery of ri-
ver-gods in all the other battles, to aggrandize this of
his hero. There is no book of the poern that has more
force of imagination, or in which the great and inexhau-
fled invention of our author ii more powerfully exerted.
After this defcription of an inundation, there follows a
very beautiful contraft in that of the drought : the part
of Achilles is admirably fuPcained, and the new ftrokes
which Homer gives to his pi(5lure are fuch, as are derived
from the very fource of his character, and finifli the in-
tire draught of this hero.

Hov/ far all that appears wonderful or extravagant in
this epifode, m.ay be reconciled to probability, truth and
natural reafon, will be confidered in a difdn^l note on that
head : the reader may find it on v. 447 .

V. 2.X'7nl/:ufy ifjwwrtal prcgeny of Jove."] The ri-
ver is here faid to be the fon of Jupiter, on account of its
being fupplied with waters that fail from Jupiter, that is,
from heaven. Eyftathiu?.


Book XXf . H O M E R's ILIA D. 73

As the fcorch'd locuds from their fields retire,

■\Miile faft behind them runs the blaze of fire ; 1$

Driv'n from the land before the fmoaky cloud.

The cluft'ring legions rufh into the fiood ;

So plung'd in Xanthus by Achilles' force,

Roars the refounding fiirge with men and horle,

V. 14. Js the fcorch'd lociifls^ etc.]] Euftathms ob°
ferves that feveral countries have been much infelkd
with armies of locufls ; and that, to prevent their deftroy-
ing the fruics of the earth, the countrymen by kindling
large i'ires drove them from their fields ; the locufls to
avoid the intenfe heat were f;>rced to caft themfelves into
the water. From this obfervation the poet draws his
allufion, which is very much to the honour of Achilles,
fince it reprefents the Trojans v/ith refpe(fl to him as no
more than fo many infeds.

The fiime commentator takes notice, that becau/c
the ifland of Cyprus in particular was ufed to practife
this method with the locufts, fome authors have conjec-
tured that Homer was of that country. But if this v/cre
a fufficient reafon for fuch a fuppofition, he might be LvA
to be born in almod all the countries of the world, /ince
he draws his obfervations from the culloms of them all.

We may hence account for the innumeraUe armies
of thefe locuds, mentioned among the plagues of i^^gypt,
without having recourfe to an immediate creation, as
fome good men have imagined, v/hereas the miracle in-
deed confifts in the wonderful manner of bringing them
upon the Egyptians. I have often obferved with plea-
fure the fimilitude which many of Homer's exprefiions
bear with the holy fcriptures, and that the mofi: ancient
heath.en writer in the world, often fpeaks in the idiom
of Mofes : thus as the locufls in Exodus are faid to be driven
into the fea, fo in Homer they are forced into a river,

VoL.iV. G

74 H O M E R's ILIAD. Book XXI.

His bloody lance the hero cafts afide, 20

(Which fpreading tam'ri{l<s on tlie margin hide)
Then, like a God, the rapid billows braves,
Arm'd with his Avord, high-brandifli'd o'er the waves :
Now down he plunges, now he whirls it round,
Deep groan'd the waters with the dying found; 25

Repeated wounds tlie red ning river dy'd,
And the warm purple circled on the tide.
Sv/ift thro' the foamy Hood tlie Trojans fly.
And clofe in rocks or winding caverns lie,
, So the huge dolphin terapefting the main, 30

In flioals before him fly the fcaly train.
Confus'dly heap'd they feek their inmofl caves.
Or pant and heave beneath tlie floating waves.
Now tir'd with flaughter, from the Trojan band
Twelve chofcn youths lie drags alive to land ; 35

V. 50. So ihc huge dolphin^ etc. 3 It is obfervabie
v/ith what juflnefs the author diverfifies his comparifons
according to the different fcenes and elements he is en-
gaged in: Achilles has been hitherto on the land, and
compared to land-animals, a lion, etc. Now he is in the
water, the poet derives his images from thence, and likens
him to a dolphin. Euftathius.

V. ;:^4. Nonv tir^dimth flaughter r\ This is admirably
\vell fuited to the chara6Ler of Achilles, his rage bears
him headlong on the enemy, he kills all that oppofe
him, and itops not until nature itfelf could not keep
pace with his anger : he had determined to referve
twelve noble youths to facrifice them to the Manes of
Patroclus, but his refentment gives him no time to think
of .them,until the hurry of his pafTion abates, and he is
tired with flaughter : widiout this circumftance, I tliink

Book XXI. H O M E R's ILIA D'. 75

With their rich belts their captive arms conllrains,
(Late their proud ornaments, but now their chains.)
Thefe his attendants to the fliips convey'd.
Sad viv51ims! dcitin'd to Patrocliis' fliade.

an objection might naturally be raifed, that in the time
of a purfuit Achilles gave the enemy too much leifure to
efcape, Vvhile he bufied himfelf with, tying thefe pri-
foners : though it is not abfolutely neceiTary to fuppofe
he tyed them with his own hands.

V. 35'. T^velve chofe?! youths. ~] This ple€e of cruelty
in Achilles has appeared fhocking to many, and indeed
IS what I think can only be excufed by confidering the
ferocious and vindictive fpirit of this hero. It is how-
ever certain that the cruelties exercifed on enemies in
war were authorifed by the military laws of thofe times ;
nay, religionitfelf became a fandhon to tliem. It is not:,
only the fierce Achilles, but the pious and religious
jEneas, whofe very charader is virtue and compaffion,
that referve feveral young unfortunate captives taken irr
battle, to facrifice them to the Manes of his favourite
hero, j^n. 10. v. 517.

■ ' ' Sulmone creatos

^latuor hie juvenesy tot idem qiios ediicat Ufens
Viventes rapit ; inferias quos inmiolet umbrisy
Captivoque rogi perfundat fanguiiie fiavimai •
And Em. ii. v. 81.

Vinxerat et poji terga mamu^.qtios mitteret ufnbris^
Infer iaSi c^-tfo fparfuros fanguine flammam.

And (what is very particular) the Latin poet expreflea
no difapprobation of the action, which the Grecian does
in plain terms, fpeaking of this in iHad 2> v. 176.


76 H O M E R's I L I A D. Bode XXf.

Then, as once more he plung'd amid the flood, 40
The young Lycaon in his pafliige flood ;
The fon of Priam, whom the hero's hand
But late made captive in his father's land,
(As from a fycamore, his founding fteel
Lopp'd the green arras to fpoke a chariot-wheel) 45
To Lemnos ifle he fold the royal flave,
"Where Jafon's fon the price demanded gave;
!But kind Eetion touching on the (hore,
The ranfom'd Prince to fair Ari{be bore.
Ten days were pad, fince in his father's reign 50

Jle felt the Aveets of liberty again ;

V. 41. The young Lycaon^ etc.] Homer has a won-
derful art and judgment in contriving fuch incidents as
fet the charaderiftic qualities of his heroes in the higheft
point of light. There is hardly any in the whole Iliad
more proper to move pity than this circumftance of
Xycaon ; or jto raife terror, than this \'iew of Achilles.
It is alfb the fineft picture of them both imaginable: we
iee the different attitude of their perfons, and the dif-
fer-ent Daffions which appeared in their countenances :
at firfl: Achilles (lands ere(51', with furprize in his looks
at the light of one wliom he thought it impoffible to
find there ; while Lycaon is in the pofrure of afuppliant,
with looks that plead for compaflion ; with one hand
holding the hero's lance, and his knee with the other :
afterwards, v/hen at his death he lets go the Ipear, and
places himfelf on his knees with his arms extended, to
receive the mortal wound, how lively and how (Irongly
is th'S painted ! I believe every one perceives the beauty
of this pafTage, and allows that poetry (at leafl in Ho-
mer) is truly a fpealang pidurs.

Book XXT. H O M E R's I L I A D. 77

The next, that God whom men in vain withftand,

Gives' the fame youth to the fame conqu'ring hand;

Now never to return ! and doom'd to go

A fader journey to the fliades below, 55

His well-known face when great Achilles eyM,

(The helm and vifor he had call: alide

With wild affright, and drop'd upon the field

His ufelefs lance and unavailing fliicld.)

As trembling, panting, from die ftream he fled, 60

And knock'd his fault'ring knees, the hero faid.

Ye mighty Gods ! what wonders ftrike my view !,
Is it in vain our conqu'ring arm*fubdue ?
Sure I fliall fee yon' heaps of Trojans kill'd.
Rife from die fliades, and brave me on the field : 6j
As now the captive, whom fo late I bound
And fold to Lemnos, ftalks on Trojan ground !
Not him the fea's unraeafur'd deeps detain.
That bar fuch numbers from their native plain -:
Lo ! he returns. Try then my flying fpear ! 70

Try, if the grave can hold the wanderer ;
If earth at length this ad:ive prince can feize,
Earth, whofe"ftrong grafp has held dov/n Hcrcuies.

Thus while he fpake, the Trojan, pale with fears
Approach 'd, and fought his knees Vv'ith fuppliant tears; y^
Loth as he v/as to yield his youthful breath,
And his foul fhiv'ring at, th' approach of death.
Achilles rais'd the fpear, prepar'd to wound;.
He kifs'd his f^et, extended on die ground :.

G 3

79 HOM ER's I LIAD. Book XXI.

And while above the fpear fufpended ftood, go

Longing to dip its thirfty point in blood.
One hand embrac'd them clofe, one ftopt the dart ;
While thus thefe melting words attempt his heart.

Thy well-known captive, great Achilles ! fee.
Once more Lycaon trembles at thy knee. 85

Some pity to a fuppliant's nam.e afford,
"Who fliar'd the gifts of Ceres at thy board ;
Whom late thy conquering arm to Lemnos bore,
Far from his father, friends, and native iliore ;

V. ^j^.Thefpeeches of Lycaon and Achtllei.~\ It is im-
poffible for any thing to be better imagined than thefe two
fpeeches : that of Lycaon is moving and compaflionate ;
that of Achilles haughty and dreadful ; the one pleads
with the utmoft tendemefs, the other denies with the ut-
moft fternnefs : one would think it impoflible to amafs fo
many moving arguments in fo few words as thofe of Ly-
caon : he forgets no circumftance to foften his enemy's
anger, he flatters the memory of Patroclus, is afraid of
being thought too nearly related to Heflor, and would
willingly put himfelf upon him as a fuppliant, and confe-
quently as an inviolable perfon : but Achilles is immove-
able, his refentment makes him deaf to intreaties, and
it muft be remember'd that anger, not mercy, is his cha-

I muft confefs I could have wiHied Achilles had fpared
him : there are fo many circumftances that fpeak in his
favour, daat he deferved his life, had he not asked it in
terms a little too abjecSt.

There is an air of greatnefs in the conclufion of the
fpeech of Achilles, which ftrikes me very much : he Ipeaks
very unconcernedly of his own death, and upbraids his e-
nemy for asking life fb earneftly, a life that was of ib
much lefs importanc(i.diaa his own.

Book XXI. H O M E R's I L I A D. yf

A hundred oxen were his price that day, 90

Now fums inunenfe thy mercy (hall repay.

Scarce refpited from woes I yet appear.

And fcarce twelve morning funs iiave feen me here ;

Lo ! Jove again fubniits me to thy hands.

Again, her vidim cruel fate demands ! 95l

I fprung from Priam, and Laothoe fair,

(Old Alte's daughter, and Leiegia's heir;

Who held in Pediifus his fam'd abode,

And rul'd the fields where lilver Satnio flow'd)

Two fons (alas ! unhappy Tons) fhe bore; "^loo

For all ! one fpear (liali drink each brother's gore,-

And I fucceed to flaughter'd Polydore.

How from that arm of terror fhall I fly >

Some dsmon urg€s ! 'tis my doom to die !

If ever yet foft pity touch 'd thy mind, 105

Ah ! think not me too much of Hedlor's kind I

Not the fame mother gave thy fbppliant breath.

With his, who wrought thy lov'd Patroclus' death.

Thefe words attended with a fhow'r of tears.
The youth addreft to unrelenting ears : 1 10

Talk not of life, or ranfome (he replies)
Patroclus dead, whoever meets me, dies :
In vain a fingle Trojan fues for grace ;
But leaft, the fons of Priam's hateful race.
Die then, my friend ! what boots it to deplore ? 115
The great, the good Patroclus is no more 1
He, far thy better, was fore-doom'd to die,
** And tliou, doft thou, bewail mortality ?

8o H O M E R's I L I A D. Book XXI.

See'ft tliou not me, whom nature's gifts adorn.

Sprang from a hero, from a Goddefs born ; 1 20

The day fhall come (which nothing can avert)

"When by the fpear, the arrow, or the dart,

By night, or day, by force or by defign.

Impending death and certain fate are mine.

Die then 'he faid* and as the word he fpoke, 1 2 51

The fainting ftripling funk, before the ftroke :

His hand forgot its grafp, and left the fpear ;

Wliile all his trembling frame confcll his fear.

Sudden, Achilles his broad fword difplay'd.

And buried in his neck the reeking blade. 13®

Prone fell the youth ; and panting on the land.

The guftiing purple dy'd the thirfty fand :

The vi(5lor to the ftream the carcafe gave,

And thus infults him, floating on the wave.

Lie there, Lycaon I let the fifli furround 131.

Thy bloated ccrfe, and fuck thy goary woimd :
There no fad mother fhall thy fun'rals weep.
But fwift Scamander roll thee to the deep,
Whofe ev'ry wave fome wat'ry monfler bring?.
To feaft unpunifh'd on the fat of kings. 140

V. 121. T^he day shall co?ut

Whe?i by the fpear ^ the arreiv^. or the dartj^
This Is not fpoken at random, but with an air of fuperl-
ority ; when Achilles fays he fliall fall by an arrow,.a dart
or a fpear, he infinuates that no man will have: the cou-
rage to approach him in clofe fight, or engage hira hand
to hand. Euftathius.

Book XXI. H O M E R's I L I A D. Bi

So perlHi Troy, and all the Trojan line !

Such ruin theirs, and fuch compaffion mine.

What boots ye now Scamander's worfhipM dream.

His earthly honours, and immortal name !

In vain your immolated bulls are fiain, 145

Your living courfers glut his gulphs in vain :

Thus he rewards you, with this bitter fate ;

Thus, tiJl the Grecian vengeance be compleat ;

Thus is aton'd Pat rod us' honour'd fhade.

And the ftiort abfence of Achilles paid. 150

Thefe boaflful words provoke the raging God ;
With fury fwells riie violated flood.

V. 146. Tour living courfers glut his gulphs in vain.~]
It was an ancient cuHom to calt living horfes into the fea,
and into rivers, to honour, as it were, by theie victims,
the rapidity of their dreams. This pradice continued a
long time, and hidory fupplies us with examples of it ;
Aurelius Vidor fays of Pompey the younger, Cu77i mari
f elicit er uteretur, Neptuni pfilium confcjfus eji» eum^
que bobus auratis ct equo placavit. He oifered oxen
in facrifice, and threw a living horfe into the fea, as ap-
pears from Lion, which is perfedly conformable to this
of Homer. Eudathius. Dacier.

V. 152. With fury fwells the violated food.'] The
poet has been preparing us for the epifode of the river
Xanthus ever iince the beginning of the lait book ; and
here he gives us an account why the river wars upon A-
chilles : it is not only becaufe he is a river of Troas, but,
as Eudathius remarks, becaufe it is in defence of a man
that was defcended from a brother river-God: he was
angry too with Achilles on another account, becaufe he -
had choaked up his current with the bodies of his coun-
trymen, the Trojans.

82 H O M E R's I L I A D. Book XXK

What means divine ma}' yet the pow'r employ.

To check Achilles, and to refcue Troy ?

Meanwhile the hero fprings in arms, to dare, 15.5

The great x^Llleropaeus to mortal war ;

The fon of Pelagon^ whofe lofty line

Flows from the fom'ce of Axius, ftream divine i

(Fair Peribasa's love the God had crown'd,

AVith all his refluent waters circled round) 160

On him Achilles rulli*d ; he fearlefs flood.

And {hook two fpears, advancing from the flood;

The flood Impell'd him, on Pelldes' head

T'avenge his waters choak'd with heaps of dead,

Near as they drew, Achilles thus began, 165

What art thou, boidefl: of the race of man ?
Who, or from whence ? Unhappy is the fire,
Whofe fon encounters our refilllefs ire,

O fon of Pel e us ! what avails to trace
( Reply 'd the warrior) our illuftrlous race ? 170

From rich Pseonia's valleys I command
Arm'd with protended fpears, my native band :

V, 171. From rich P^oruas - -etc.]] In the cata*
logue Pyrgechmes is faid to be commander of the Psont-
ans, where they are defcribed as bow-men ; but here
they are faid to be armed with fpears, and to have Afte-
ropaeus for their general. Euftathius tells us, fome cri-
tics ajfTerted that this line in the Cat, v. 35 J.


But I fee no reafon for fuch an alfertion. Homer h{is

1 2 3 5 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

Online LibraryHomerThe Iliad of Homer (Volume 4) → online text (page 5 of 22)