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IE SIXTH [email protected]
















THIS edition of the Sixth Book of the Odyssey is
intended to meet the wants of pupils just beginning
to read Homer.

The notes have been compiled with a view to
rendering the study of Homer a pleasure, and a con-
scientious effort has been made to explain all passages
likely to present any difficulty. Points of grammar,
save such as differ from Attic usage, are sparingly
noticed, while full information has been aimed at
upon all matters touching archaeology, mythology, and
literature. Parallel passages from Homer and other
authors are freely cited in the belief that they will
enable the younger student to become better acquainted
with Homer, and better able to appreciate the literary
beauties of the work.

The vocabulary has been prepared from a careful
reading of the text, and will serve as a concordance
to this book. Considerable attention has been paid to
etymology and word-grouping as the surest means of
developing a reading knowledge of a language. The
forms of words are given as they occur in Attic Greek,


the Homeric peculiarities being added in brackets or
explained in the notes, and in most instances only
those Homeric forms are given that occur in the text.
In this respect the vocabulary differs from most
Homeric vocabularies, and it is hoped that the pupil
will be able by this means to keep the Attic forms
firmly in memory and at the same time to read his
Homer with tolerable ease.

The text is that of Dindorf, revised by Hentze, and
no changes have been made except in the case of a
few marks of punctuation.

Constant use has been made of the editions of Homer
by Ameis-Hentze and by Faesi, of the Phaiakians of
Homer by Merriam, and of Merry's Odyssey. Profes-
sor Palmer's translation of the Odyssey has supplied
many apt renderings in both notes and vocabulary, and
several parallel passages from Chaucer and Spenser
have been taken from Harper and Miller's edition of
Vergil. The few cuts that appear in the notes have
been taken from Guhl and Koner's Life of the Greeks
and Komans, and from Kich's Dictionary of Eoman and
Greek Antiquities.

Thanks are due to Mr. Collar and Mr. Tetlow, the
general editors of the series, for many valuable sug-
gestions and corrections.


March 11, 1895.


THE name of Homer is perhaps the greatest in
literature. The dates assigned for his birth vary from
1104 B.C. to 684 B.C., and he was placed by Herodotos
about 400 years before his own time, that is, about the
middle of the ninth century B.C. The place of his birth
is as little certain as the time, as is shown by the
following epigram :

7r6Xeis diepLov<riv Trepl pifav '
'P65os, ~K.o\6(f)uv, SaXa/x^, "los, "Apyos, 'AOrjvcu.

He is, however, perhaps best connected with Smyrna.

The tradition that he was blind arose from his sup-
posed authorship of the Hymn to Apollo of Delos, the
author of which speaks of himself as being blind. His
grave is claimed by los, one of the Cyclades, and Chios
was the home of the Homeridae, " Sons of Homer."

In ancient times it was believed that the two poems,
the Iliad and the Odyssey, were by different authors, and
those holding this view were called Chorizontes (from
Xwfna>, to separate), or Separatists. Modern scholars
have gone still farther, and the very existence of Homer
has been denied. The first and greatest name connected
with this view is that of F. A. Wolf, Professor in Halle,


who, in 1795, published his famous Prolegomena ad
Homerum, in which he set forth the view of divided
authorship, and contended that the present unity of the
poems was the work of scholars at the court of Peisistra-
tos, in the sixth century B.C. Later, Lachmann believed
he had discovered sixteen original lays, whence the poem
of the Iliad was cast into its present form, the lays form-
ing a nucleus round which the whole was developed.

The discussion still continues, and great names have
been ranged on either side ; but the tendency of modern
criticism and investigation is in favor of a natural and
organic development for both poems, a theory which
was proposed for the Odyssey by Kirchhoff in 1859.

However much scholars may differ as to the origin
of the poems, they all agree in admiring their wonderful
beauty, compactness, and power of inspiration, which
could elicit from Keats, who knew them only through a
translation, the following lines :

* * Then felt I like some watcher of the skies
When a new planet swims into his ken ;

Or like stout Cortez when with eagle eyes
He stared at the Pacific, and all his men

Looked at each other with a mild surmise
Silent upon a peak in Darien."


I. The poem begins with an invocation of the muse,
when Odysseus, in the tenth year after the fall of Troy,
is still on the island of Ogygia, where he is detained by
Kalypso. In Ithaka, his wife, Penelope, is hard beset


by suitors, who squander his property and behave in a
most insolent manner, nor is the young Telemachos able
to repress them. Athena, in the absence of Poseidon,
the enemy of Odysseus on account of the blinding of
Polyphemos, begs the gods to rescue the hero and restore
him to Ithaka. They consent, and Hermes, the mes-
senger of the gods, is dispatched to Kalypso with com-
mands for the dismissal of Odysseus. At the same
time, Athena, in the guise of Mentes, an old friend of
Odysseus, visits Ithaka and advises Telemachos to go
to Nestor and Menelaos in quest of tidings of his father.
She departs, and Penelope now comes down and bids
the bard Phemios cease his song of the Woe of the
Achaians, and Telemachos speaks out boldly before
the suitors. Then all depart, and Telemachos during
the night ponders his projected journey.

II. The next day the assembly is summoned, and
Telemachos denounces the suitors, who treat him with
insolent rudeness and contempt, and endeavor to cast
all blame upon Penelope. His request for a ship is
denied, but Athena, in the form of Mentor, procures for
him both ship and crew. The secret is disclosed only
to the old nurse, Eurycleia, and at night Telemachos,
accompanied by Mentor, sets out for Pylos.

III. On the arrival in Pylos on the following day,
Nestor and his household are engaged in solemn sacri-
fices. Nestor can give but little help to Telemachos, but
bids him go to Sparta to visit Menelaos, and gives his
youngest son, Peisistratos, as a companion. They arrive


in Sparta on the second night, and find Menelaos
celebrating the marriages of his son and daughter.

IV. Menelaos, having wandered for eight years after
the fall of Troy, is but lately returned home. Tele-
machos, on account of his great likeness to his father,
is recognized immediately by Helen as she enters the
hall. The next day Menelaos relates his adventures
and his meeting with the sea-god Proteus, from whom
he had learned that Odysseus was detained by Kalypso
upon the island of Ogygia. Telemachos is urged to
remain in Sparta, but declines, and hastens to return
to Ithaka. The suitors, having discovered his absence,
plot to kill him, but the snare is revealed by Medon to
Penelope, who is heartbroken at the news, but is com-
forted in a dream by Athena. The suitors meanwhile
go to the island of Asteris to lie in wait for Telemachos.

V. This book opens with a second assembly of the
gods. Athena is again urging that Hermes be sent to
Kalypso. This is done and, Kalypso having supplied
provisions, Odysseus sets sail upon a raft constructed
by himself. Eighteen days after leaving Ogygia he
comes within sight of the Phaiakian land, but he is seen
by Poseidon, who stirs up a tempest and wrecks his
bark. Odysseus is saved by a magic scarf given him
by Ino Leucothea, and after drifting about for two days
and two nights, swims ashore, where he finds shelter
under two olive bushes, and falls asleep.

VI. The next morning, Nausikaa, daughter of Alki-
noos, king of the Phaiakians, goes with her women to


the pools to wash the linen, having been so warned in
a dream by Athena. After washing the linen, the
maidens begin a game of ball, and the ball, falling into
an eddy, causes such a shout to rise that Odysseus
awakes in a fright. Shaking off alarm, he presents
himself as a suppliant before Nausikaa. His prayers
are granted, and Nausikaa, having furnished him with
food and clothing, shows him how to reach her father's
palace, and how to gain his good-will, and so return
to his home in Ithaka.


8^09 '

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, rj yap Srjpbv a?ro %/aoo9 ICTTLV aXoicfrij. 220
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ou TrdvTcov ae/cr]TL Bewv, ot "O\v/ji7rov e^ovariv, 240

t&anj/cecrcr' oS* a^p eTTi/AicryeTaL avTiOeoicrw

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evddSe vaierdwv, /ca( ol dSoi avroffi pipveiv. 245

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dp7ra\ea)$ Srjpbv <yap eSrjrvos rjev a7rao~ro9. 250

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"opcreo Srj vvv, %elve, TroXiz/S* Ipev, S(f>pa o~e Tre/A^ra) 255
Trar/309 e/xoO 7rpo9 8co/xa 8aif</>/?o^o9, eV^a o-e <^?;/it
Trdvrcov <&aiij/ccov elSrja-ejjiev Scrvoi dpiaTOi.
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ro(ppa <rvv d/Ji(pL7ro\oLO'C ped* rj^iovov^ /cal d/Jia^av 260
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evda 8e vrjwv o?rXa fJL\aivdcov dXeyovcriv,
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W9 epeovo-iv, efjiol 8e K ovetSea ravra ryevoiTO. 285

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ev0a Ka0eo/JLevo<; jjieivai ^povov, els o /cev rj^iels 295
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pela 8' apiyvcor* eari, /cat av Trdis yytjo-cuTO 300

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efJLrjv 77 8' ^arai evr' ea^dprj ev irvpos avyfj, 305

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