Horace Greeley.

The American conflict: a history of the great rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-'64 online

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on his trial that his acts were unexceptionable.
The court, however, decided otherwise. The
following dispatch from Gen. Pope, written the
second morning after his defeat at Gkdnesville^
refers unquestionably to Porter as *one com-
mander of a corps,^ and is here given only as
proving Gen. Pope's convictions as to the causes
of his disaster:

" Centbrvillb, Sept 1 — 8:60 A. M.
'^Major-General Halleok, General-in-Chief:

'^AU was quiet yesterday, and so far this
morning. My men all resting. They need it
much. Forage for our horses is being brought
up. Our cavalry is completely broken down, so
that there are not five horses to a company that
can raise a trot. The consequence is, that I am
forced to keep considerable infantry along the
roads in my rear to make them secure; and even
then it is difficult to keep the enemy's cavalry
off the roads. I shall attack again to-morrow if
I can ; the next day certainly.

"I think it my duty to call your attention to
the unsoldierly and dangerous conduct of many
brigade and some division commanders of the
forces sent here from the Peninsula. Every
word and act and intention is discouraging,
and calculated to break down the spirits of the
men, and to produce disaster. One commander
of a corps, who wy ordered lo march from



JnnotiQa to Join me near GroTetoo.
although he was onlv five miles distant, failea
to get up at all; and, worse still, fell back to
Mimaesas without a fight, and in plain hearing^
at less than three miles' distance, of a furions
battlei which raged all day. It was only hi con-
sequence of peremptory orders that he joined me
next day. One of his brigades, the brigadier-
general of which professed to be looking for his
diviffion, absolutely remained all day at Center-
viUe, in plain view of the battle, and made no at-
tempt to join. What renders the whole matter
worse, these are both officers of the regular
army, who do not hold back fh>m ignorance or
fear. Their constant talk, indulged in publicly and
in promiscuous company, is, that 'the Army of
the Potomac will not fight,' that they are de-
moralized by wiUidrawd from the Peninsula^
&C. When such example is set by officers of
high rank, the influence is very bad among those
in subordinate stations.

"You have hardly an idea of the demoraliza- '
tion among officers of high rank in the Potomac
Army, arising in all instances from personal feel-
ing in relation to changes of commander-in-chief
and others. These men are mere tools or para-
sites; but their example is producing, and must
necessarily produce, very disastrous results. You
should know these things, as you alone can stop
it Its source is beyond my reach, though its
efi'ects are very perceptible and very dangerous.
I am endeavoring to do all I can, and wUl most
assuredly put tliem where they shall fight or
run away. My advice to you (I give it with
freedom, as I know you will not misunderstand
it) is, that in view of any satisfactory results,
you draw back this army to the intrenchments
in front of Washington, and set to work in that
secure place to reorganize and rearrange it You
may avoid great disaster by doing sa I do not
consider the matter except in a purely military
light ; and it is bad enough and great enough
to make some action very necessary. Where
there is no heart in Uieir leaders, and eveiy
disposition to hang back, much cannot be ex-
pected from the men.

"Please hurry forward cavalry horses to me
under strong escort I need them badly ; worse
than I can tell you.

" (Signed) John Popb, M^.-GeneraL

" A true copy:

"T. 0. a Smtth, Lt-Odonel and A D. 0."



VI.



As many facts set forth hi this work bear with
just severity on the general loyalty of the Demo-
cratic party to the Government throughout its
long, doubtful struggle with the Rebellion, it is
proper to state here explicitly that very many
Democrats promptly separated from their par^
and acted with the Bepoblicans as Unionists



fhnn first to last; wTiIle others, who adhered to
their party organization, nevertheless gave a
hearty, efficient support to the Government in
raismg soldiers, subscribing to loans, and other-
wise. There was, moreover, a very considera-
ble and influential body, especially in the great
dties, who had steadily opposed the Bepuhlioan



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T64



THE AMEEIOAN OOITFLICT.



party ftom its formatioii and were accounted oon-
servatives, though thej disclaimed partisanship,
who^ from the hour of the first tidings of the
bombardment of Fort Sumter bj the Confeder-
ates, consecrated all they had to the maintenance
of the Union. This class is fitly represented by
the eminent New York merchant, A. T. Stew-
art, who acted throughout in the spirit evinced
fai the following business letter, whidi, unex-
pectedly to the writer, first reached the public
through the [BebelJ Memphis Appeal:

**Nkw York, April 29, 1861.

«»Dhab SiBr-Your letter requesting to know
whether or not I had offered a million of dollars
to the €k>yermnent for the purposes of the war,
and at the same time informing me that neither
yourself nor your friends would pay their debts
to the firm as they mature, has been received.

" The intention not to pay seems to be nearly
universal in the South, aggravated in your case
by the assurance that it does not arise from ina-
bflily ; but, whatever may be your determination,
or that of others at the South, it shall not change
my course. All that I have of position and wealth
I owe to the f^e institutions of the United States ;
under which, in common with all others, North
and South, protection to life, liberty, and prop-
erty, has been enjoyed in the fbllest manner.



The Government to whidi these Ueesings are dne
calls on her citizens to protect the amUal of the
Union from threatened assault; aid, although
the offer to which you refer ham not in terms
been made by me, I yet dedicate all thi^ I have,
as I will, if xieed be, my life, to the serviceof the
country - - for to that country I am bound by the
strongest ties of affection and duty.

*'I had hoped that Tennessee would be loyal
to the Constitution. But, however extensrre
may be secession or repudiation, as long as there
are any to uphold the sovereignty of the United
States, I shaiU be with them supporting the fiag.

" Yours, Ac, AuEXAiTDEa T. Stbwabt.
"To Mr. J. P. Steahob, Memphis, Tenn."

The Appeal saw fit to accompany this letter by
the conmient that, " after the Confederates should
have thrashed the hireling hordes of New York
into a proper appreciation of Sou&em rights
Stewart and his Black Republican comrades may
feel inclmed to come down South on a collecting
tour. If so, they will be quite warmly received.*^
The consummation of the War anticipated by
The Appeal not having, thus far, been attained,
it is presumed that the '^coUecting tour** has not
yet been undertaken ; hence, Memphis has thus
far been constrained to restrict her amiable de*
monstrations to negroes.



VII.



While the outbreak and early stages of the
Rebellion were signalized by conspicuous exhi-
bitions not only of the blackest treachery but of
amazing imbecdlity on the part of certain officers
then serving in our Army or Navy, these were
relieved by instances of heroic devotton to tiie
Union and its flag which were the more admira-
ble because passive, and thus unnoted and un-
known. Among these may be reckoned the
preservation to the Union of Fort McHenry, at
Baltimore, by Capt [since, M^{.-Gen.] John C.



Robinson, 6th infkntry, who, with a handful of
men, held that important position during the
four weeks whidx separated the bloody triumph
of the Rebel mob in the slaughter of the Massa-
chusetts men (April 19, 1861) fh»m the bloodless
recovery of Baltimore by Gen, Butler, May 13.
Had the fort, with its arms and munitions, been
given up by its defenders, its repossession, wish
that of Baltimore, could only have been secured
by a lavish outlay of effort and of blood on tiie
part of the Union.



VIII.



It is the author^s well known conviction that
Disunion was not purposed by the great body of
those who originally favored Secession. They
went into the movement, not to divide the coun-
try, but to obtain new guaranties and advantages
for Slavery throughout the whole of it The fol-
lowing dispatch to the New YorTc BeraJd of Dec.
20, 1860, tends to strengthen this conviction:

" Baltdiori, Dec. 19, 1860.

*^ Judge Hand, Commissioner from Mississippi

to Maryland, addressed an audience of about

6,000 citizens to-night in the Maryland Institute.

He advocated the right of sepairate secession,



which was received with considerable applanae.
He strongly recommended that the Southern
States secede before LincoIn*s inauguration, and
asserted that all the cotton States were detei^
mined to do so. He wanted the entire Soutii to
join them, and then to form a compact wttil (A^y
could he guaranteed aU Southern rigMa^ and that
their institutions would be respected. The South
would never be in a position to demand her
rights under Linc(^'s administration. They
could (ifterwardf in solid phalanx or separate^,
present an ultimatum to the North, and reunite,
if practicable, with the present Constitution prop-
erty amended, on amicable tenna." — ^AU whi^
was fitYOfaUy received.



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ANALYTICAL INDEX.



Abingdok, Ta^ captured by Stooeman, 688.

AoKWOBTH, Ga, occupied bj Sherman, 628.

Adams, Hon. Ghaslbs F^ remonstrates against
tho building of 8<yatheni war cruisers in England, <M8.

AoAiiB, J. Q., on the Slave-Trade, 233>235.

Adams, Gbn. Johk, wounded at Stone Biyer,
276; kHled at Franklin, Tenn., 688.

Adjxttakt-Gbnehal's Offiob, order from, dis-
charging prisoners, 758.

Alabama, expeditions into, 63, 72 ; rout of Gen.
Bragg, 218 : Sosecrans in command oA 222 ; Uie rSpos-
sesnon Qt, 716; Wilson's raid through, 71 6L

Alabama, steamer, details of her fight with the
Kearsarge, 646 to 64a

Albbmarle, ram, destruction of the, 636.

Alicb Dban, steamboat, burned by Morgan, 406.

Allatoona Pass, occupied by Sherman, 628;
defended by Qen. Corse, 689.

Allen, Ool. H. W., covers Rebel retreat from
Bhlloh, 7a

Andebson, Brig.-Gen. G. T., wounded at Glen-
dale, 168; present at Malvern Hill, 166; guards the
pass at Soath Moantaln, 196; klUed at Antletam, 210.

AimERSON, C, surrenders Port Gaines, 663.

Amdebson, Gbn., killed at Williamsburg, 126.

Andbew, Qoy^ raises Black regiments, 620.

Anthony, Lt.-Gol. D. B., 7 th Kansas, on slare-
hnntlng, 580.

Antibtam, battle and map o( 206-9 ; killed and
wonnded at, 210l

Arkansas, 26; Rebels oonoentrated in, 27;
Btgel retreats from Bentonrllle, 27, ^ 84 ; Cortls at-
tacked at the Oache, 84; retires to Helena; S^yette-
Tille. 87; in 1868,446; r6organiaed by Unlonista, M6;
see Pba Bidgx, Pxairis Okotx.

Abcansas, Rebel ram, passes through Union
fleet a Ylcksbnrg, 108 ; fldlare of attack upon, 102 ;
final destracdon ol^ 101

Abkanras, Post of, taken by McGlemand, 293.

Abmistbad. Maj. Gbn., wounded at Antietam,
210; mortally wounded at Oettrsburg, 889.

Abmt Appbopbiation Bill in Senate, 626.

Abmt Dbtioienot Bill before the Senate, 626.

Abmt ofths Oumbbbland, rtorganized by Roee-
orans,270.

Abmt ov thb Ohio, composition of^ under Buell;
rSorganixed by Bosecrana, 270.

Abmt of the Potomao, inactivity of during the
Winter of 1861-2, 107; organised into ftmr corps by the
President, 108; transported to Fortress Monroe, 110;
adrance to MflnasM<vll2; Peninsular campaign, 120 to
127; strength oC in Winter of 1861-2, 128-9 ; strei^
o£ in April, 1862, 181 ; In McOlellan^s campaign befbre
BIchmond, 141 to 172; strsngth of, in June, 1862, 151-
169: at Harrison's Landing, 168; losses suatained by,
daring the Seven Days' battles, 168-9 ; strength oC in
July, 1862| 169; withdrawn from Hanrlaon's Landing



to Acqnia Greek, 171 ; nnder command of Oena. Bum-

side and Hooker. 842 to 876 ; rfioivanlxed under Meade,

664; end of Grant's campaign of 1864 and losses of Um,

897 ^^

Abnold, Gen., occupies Pensaoola, 459.
Abson, during N. York and Brooklyn riots, 606.
ASBOTH, Gen. Alex., 28-9 ; at Pea Ridge, 30.
AsHBT, Gen. Tubneb, killed, 137.
Atohafalata Riveb, Ckd. BaUey constructs a

bridge orer the, 661 ; Banks's army retreats across the,

661.
Atlanta, Campaign of Sherman, 626 ; route of

his advance to, 627 ; defenses o^ 681 ; flanked by the

right. 686; abandoiiied by Hood, 687; Sherman's srmy

nutrches from, en route to Savannah, 690.
Atlanta, Rebel ram, captured, 473.
AuouB, Gbn., sererely wounded, 177 ; at Port

Hndson, 882.

Ayebill, Gen., movements of, in WestYir-

glnia,40B-l
Atbes, Gen., captures 1,000 Rebels at FiYd
Forks, 788.



Baohelob's Obibe, K. 0., Union garrison at,

captured, 668.
Bailbt, Rbab-Admirai., destroys extensive

salt-works in Florida, 682.
Bailbt, Irr. Gol. (afterward G^n.^ in attack on

defenses of New Orleans. 91-2 ; demands surrender of

New Orleans, 96; Porters fleet on the Bed River rea-

oued by, 649 ; constructs a bridge oyer the AtchaiUaya

for Banka's army, 661.
Bailbt, C!ol. J. D., kOkd, 144.
Baibd, Gen., at Chidcamauga, 416: cooperates at

Lookout Mountain, Ohattanooga TaUer, and Mission

Bidge,488to442L
Baltdcobe, National platform of 1864, 669;

massacre of Massachusetts volunteers, in the streets

0^614.
Banoboft*8 Hktobt, as to Negro Soldiers, 611.
B krtment of

T Potomao,

114. 116. in

othe Poto-
t, 186; hU
rmy in Vir^
:he Shenan-
7; supports
movements
>mmand of;
t27Mnvests
In Western
Bed River,
is by Kirby
ftt Pleasant
retreats to
^..^v M^.,^ ,1.^, »^w..». ^^^ ».. .»|^^ 646; Grant
orders him to close his Shreveport campaign, 660 : he
abandona Alexandria and retreata to the Atchafluaya
river, 661: transfers his army to 0«n. Oanby, and pro-
ceeds to New Orleans, 661.



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766



THB AMBBIOAN OONPLIOT.



Babolat, Ool^ 23d Ga.,kII]edatAiit!etaiD, 210.

Babksdale, Gen. Wil, at Fredericksbdrg, 345 ;
at Ghanoelloreyille, 8€S ; klll«d at 0«tty8biiig, 880.

Bablow, 6bn. Frakois C, distinguishes himself
at Antletam, 208; wounded at Oottysbnrz, 888; at the
WllderneM, 667 to 671 ; his aasaalt near Bfchmond^l.

Babnabd, Gen. J. G., his remarks on McOlel-
lan^B foilnre, 107; extract from his report, on McGlel-
lan*8 delay at Torktown, 128; on MoCieIlan*8 flUlnre to
Improre the opportunity at Fair Ooka, 147.

Babkes, CoL, 12th a C, killed at Antietam, 210.

Babbbtt, Col., attacked by Gen. Slaughter, at
Braios, 757.

Babtlbtt, Gbk., at Games's Hill, 436.

Babhok, Ool., 3d N. H., at Fort Wagner, 477.

Batbsyille, Abe., Marmaduke defbated at, 447.

Batok Rouob, La., occupied by Admiral Farra-
gnt, 101 ; Breckinridge defeated at, 102.

Battu»—



Antietam, Md., 206.
Arkansas Post, 282.
Atlanta, Oa., 687.
Arerysboro', N. C, 706L
Baton Bonge, La., 108.
BantonviUe, N. 0. 707.



Lookout BTtiln, Tenn., 488.
McDowell, Va.,182L
Malvern Hill, Va., 165.
Meehanloevine, Ya., 168.
Milliken's Bend, Ark, 819.



_, Mill Spring. Ky- 42.

Bristow Station, Ya^ 181. Mission Bldge, Tenn., 441.

BaU Ban (2dX_Ta.. 1S8-7. Mobile Bay, Ala., 651.

Cedar Creek, Va., 612. Marfreesboro' (or Stone
Cedar Mountain, Ya., 177. Blrer), Tenn., m

Champion Hills, Miss., 807. NasbTille, Tenn.. 278.

dwDtTlly, Ya., 18& Newborn, N. G, 7a

ChanoeiTorevllIe. Ya., 866. Newmarket, Ya., OM.

Chlekamaaga. Tenn., 416. North Anna, Ya., 677.

Cold tiarbor~Va., WJ. Olnstee, Florida, 681.

Corinth, Miss., 226. Opeonan Creek, Ya., (lOa

Crampton's Gap, Md., 199. Peach-tree Cr% Tenn., 681.

Ooss-Keys, Ya., 18& Pea Bidge, Ark., 27.

I>ana^ Ga., 29a Perry viile, Kr., 219.
Valr Oaks (or Seven Pines! Petersburg, Yk, 664.

Ya., 141. Piedmont, Ya., 600.

■" Ta., 741. Pittsbnre Landing (or Shl-
IL Ya. 610. loh), l^n., 6a

VaTtW. ~ "

)n,Tenn
an., 68L

Mnee's Mill, Ya.. UM. Pampkinvine Cr% (^62a



Farmvllle,Va.,741.
Plsher's HilL Vj



Five Forks, Va^'
- - ' .n3'<

lin.-
Fredericksboi



Pleasant Hill, La., £



Fort Donelson, Tenn., 4a Port Hudson, La., 829.
Ihmklln, Tenn., 681. Prairie Grove, Ark., 89.



Ya» 84a Proctor's Creek, Ga., 684.



Galveston Harb., Tex., 822. Bappahannock, Ya., 897.
Gettysburg, Pa.. 87a Baymond, Miss., 806.

Glendale Tor White Oak Beams's SUtion^Ja., 898.

Swamp Br.X Ya^ 16L Biohmond, Ky., 214.
Gootown, Miss., 621. Boonoke Island, N. C, 7a

Hanover C. H., Ya., 14L Sabine XRoods, La., 689.
Harper's Ferry, Ya., 199. Sailors' Creek, V%, 741.
Hatdier's Ron, Ya., 69a Savage's Station, Ya., 160.
Helena, Ark., 820. Belma, Ala., 7ia

Inka, Miss., 22a South Mountain, Md., 196.

Jackson, Miss., 80a Bpottsylvania (XH., Ya.,672.

Seoond da, 817. Yicksbnrg (assanltj, 811.

James Island, S. a, 461. Weldun Railroad, Ya., 667.
Jonesboro', Ga., 68a Wilderness, Ya^ 667.

Kenesaw Mountain,Ga.,62a Williamsburg, va., 12a
Kemstown, Ya., 114. Taxoo Blnflh, Misa, 289.

[See ''Minor Conflida,'' p. 776.]
Batard, Gen. Geo. D., reports advance of the

enemy, 176; killed at Fredericksburg 847.
Batlob, Col., wounded at Bull Ron, 189.
Beattt, Lt.-CJol. Sam., sucoeeds Van Qeve on

his lUl at Stone River, 279.
Bbaueeoabd, Qbn. p. G. T., 645 ; at Pittsburg
Landing, 60; succeeds Johnston, 64; dispatches Ihxn,
66-70 ; extracts from his report of baUle at Pittsburg
Xandlng, 67, 69, 70 ; retreats to Corinth, 69-71 ; In-
trenches at, 71 ; retreats to Tupelo, 72 : allusion to, 89 ;
relinquishes command in Yirginia, 112 ; In chief com-
mand at Charieston, 471 ; oiges execution of prisoners,
628.
BiLOiAK Consul at St Louis, arrested bv Bose-

crans as a conspirator, 667.
BiKEDiOT, Col. Lewis, of K.Y., mortaOj wonnded

at Pleasant Hill, 644.
Bbnteen, Gen., charges near Little Osage, 661.
Bbhtonyilli, K. CL, Jo. Johnston attaoks at, 707 .



BmwBUL^ Gen., Ulled at Cedar Creek, 615.
Bio Blaok, Gen. Grant crosses the, 309.
Birkenhead (Eng.X Southern war cruisers built

by English merchants at, 648.
BntNET. Gbn» chaives the enemy near Chan-

tllly, 1S8; at Fredericksburg, 847; at OhanoellorsvilK

867; hU report, 889; servloes in Florida. 682; at tiM

Wildemess, 668.
Black, Col., 5th Ga., killed at Stone lUver, 28S.
Black Soldiebs in the Bevolutionarj Y^ar, 511 ;

in tha War of 1812, 614; in the BebeUion, 61Si

Black, Cou Samuel W., 62d Pa., killed at

Oaines*B Hill, 167.
Blaib, Gen. P. P., at Vicksbnrg, 310; with

Sherman in his Great March, 669 to Wi\ he meAa«ea

Charleston, 696; crosses the Edisto, 699.
Blakblt, Ala., attadced by Steele, 723.
Blenksb, Gen. Louis, sent to West Virginia,

180l

Blockade Runnxb, escape of a, 472 ; a BritSah
runner forced to hoist the white flag, 478^

Blockade-bunnino ended at CnArleston, 482.

Blunt, Gen. JAa G, 3C; joins Schofield. 36;
routs Bebels at Haysville, Mo., 87; at Prairie Grova,
88 to 41 ; at Honey Springs, 449.

BooMEB, Col., seyerely wounded at luka, 224;
killed at Yieksburg, 818.

Booth, J. Wilkes, assassinates President Lin-
coln, 749.

BowBN, Maj.-Gen., defends Port Gibeon, 304;
killed at Yieksbarg, 81&

Bowling Gbben, Kt., Rosecrans at, 270.

Bbadfobd, Majob, his defense of Fort PIBow
against Forrest, 619; mnrder ofby Bebel eoldlen, 611^

Bbaoo, Gen. Braxton, joins Johnston at Corinth,
60; at Pittsburg Landing, 60; invades Kentucky, 218 ;
his movement! 218 : issues a procfaunatlon to tha
people. 216-26-27 ; subsists his army without payment,
and seizes horses and cattle vrithout ceremonj, 217 ;
retreats before Buell's advance, 217-S; gives battle at
Perryvllle, 219; his losses. 221 ; he escapes from Ken-
tucky with his plunder— chagrin of his partisans, 822 ,
preparing to flght Bosecrans at Stona Slver, 278; ha
retreats after ibur davs' hard lighting, 280; losses In
killed and wounded, 2SQ, 281,^2; his army thdag
Bosecrans at Shelby vllle, 404; he abandons Chatte-
noosa on the advance of Boeecrans, 411 ; advaneeii
while Bosecrans concentrates, 418; opening of tta
battle of Chlckamaoga, 416; map of tne po«itloo ef
both armiea at Chattanooga and its vlcini^. 416; tha
light of Sept 19th, 417 : report and losses on the Chick-
amauga, 4a&\ Grant drives him fW>m Lookout llo>iin-
tain, Chattanooga, and Mission Bidge, 488 to 446; hia
official report, 448; leases on both sides, 446k

Bba<noh, Gen. L. 0*B., in command at Newbem.

77 ; defeated at Hanover C H., 141-2 ; at second Bnll

Bun, 189 ; killed at Antletam, 209.
Bbannan, Gen. J. M.. at Chickamauga, 416;

attacks Walker at Pocotaligo, 46&
Bbasheab Citt. La., surprised and captured by

Dick Taylor, 887.

Bbbokinbidgb, Gen. John C, 60, 61 ; def^ted
at Baton Bonge, La., 102, 106>4; his charge at Stona
Biver, 279; at Chickamauga, 419; defeau Sigd at
Newmarket, 699; routs Qillera at Morriatown, m.

Bbeesb, Capt., services of his iron-dads, 303.

Bbiotow Station, Ta., fights at, 181, 396.

Bbitish Aid to Rebellion, 642.

BbTTISH-CoNFEDEBATE COBSAIBS, TALLAHASan.

OLi78TVK,and Chiokamavoa set afloat, 646-6; estimate

of captures by, 646.
BBinsH GoTEBNUENT ooonirefl at the bnilding

and fitting out of Southern war cniisera, 648 ; Soothsra

eorsairs permitted to fly English oolort, 648L
Bbitish M. Ps. build ships to aid Rebellion, 642.
Bbitish NEUTBALmr, stnmge manifestations d^

648^; American loasea and feelings caoaed l^, 6M.
Bbitish Ofhobbs for the RebeUion, 643.
Bbitish Pboolajuxiov or Kbutbautt. 641



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ANALYTICAL INDBX.



SBOonqfrBBonoHy Coii., at second Bull Ruxif 189.
Bbookltn, N. Y., arson and its cause in, 505.
Bbottoh, John, elected (Jovemor of Ohio, 510.
Bbowk, Col., killed at second Bull Bun, 689.
Bbowh, Ck)L. J. M., killed at Fair Oaks, 144.
Bbown, 6en. E. B., fights at Arrow Rock, 453.
Bbowk, Gkn., killed at Springfield, 447.
Bbown, Maj.-Gsn., wounded at Frftiklin, 683.
Bbitiksburo, Miss., Grant's base of supplies, 304.
Buchanan, Admiral Franklin, commands ram

Manassas, 116; severely wounded at Mobile, 6S8.
BtrOHANAN, Gen. J. T., at Gaines's Mill, 166.
Buchanan, Gen., commands a brigade at Mai-

rem Hill, 165; at OainesylUe, 187.
Buckner, Gen. SnioN B., 48 ; repulsed at Fort

I><Miel8on, 49; surrenden, 60; at Obickamanga, 415;

abandons East Tennessee, 429 ; surrenders, 758.

BuxLL, Gen. B. C, commands Department of
the Ohio, 51 ; mores on Bowling Qreen, 51 ; occupies
irashville, 54; loins Grant, 66-7; extract from his re-
port, 66-7; in battle of Pittsburg Landing, 68-9; as-
sumes command of the Army of the Ohio, rdorganizes
hla forces at Huntsvillo, 212; mores on Chattanooga,
218; advances against Bra^rg, 217; Dart of his army
assailed at Perryyille, 220-1: his official report, 221;
relieved \>y Qen. Boeecrans, 222.

BuTORD. Gen., relieves Gen. Hatch, 175 ; guards
the for«s of the Upper Rapidan, 175 ; rep<»ts the en-
emy erossl Dg Raccoon Ford, 175 ; services of his cavalry
At Great Bnn, 179; commands at ManawsaB Gapu 898;
skirmish, 894.

BuLLEN, Major, relieves Donaldsonville, 338.

Bull Run Second, battle o^ 185-6; map of
the field, 1847: Jackson's report oi; 188-9.

BURBRIDGE, Gen., at Fort Tfindman, 293; at
yicksburg, 815

BuRXB. Col.. 63d New York, relieyes General
Meagher at Antietam, 20a

Burks, Col., Texas, killed at Stone River, 282.

BiTRNSiDB^ Gen. Ambrosb E., his expedition
•alls from Fortress Monroe, 78 ; operations o^ on the
Horth Carolina coast, 78-81 ; captures Koanoke IsUmd,
75-6: Nowbem, 77; Fort Macon, 78; at Sonth Mills,
79-80; returned to Fortress Monroe, 80; allnsion to,
187; commands a diylsion at Antietam. 206-209; his
Soanoke proclamation as to Slavery, 244; commands
the Army of the Potomac, 842 ; fights Lee at Freder-
icksburg, 843 to 849 ; his ** mad march**— reliered from
Ids command, 851; assigned to the department of the
Ohio. 427; his advance on Enoxville, 428; captures
Oamberland Gap. 480; his order In regard to persons
deolarins sympatny for the enemy, 489 ; his conquests
In North Carolina, 585; arrest of Mr. yallandl|rham,
military sentence, and public sensation, 489 ; 4^; he
crosses the Potomac. 5o4; marches on Chancellors-
Tllle, 566 ; at the battles of the WildemeB^ 568 to 571 ;
charges at Bpottsylvania, 552; at Cold Harbor, 580 to
582 ; his Mine ezplosioii, 59t

Burns, Gen<^ repels Magnider's attack, 160.

BnsHROD, Gen., at Chickamauga, 422.

Butler, Gbn. Benjamin F., 73: expedition of;
•jKainst Kew Orleans, 61 to 106; raises volunteers in
New England, 81 ; expedition of, at Ship Island, 82-8 ;
narrow escape of, ftx)m shipwreck, 88; arrives at the
month of the Mississippi, 85 ; occupies Kew Orleans,
97 ; administration of; in New Orleans, 98; 101 ; 106;



Online LibraryHorace GreeleyThe American conflict: a history of the great rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-'64 → online text (page 108 of 113)