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Humphry W. (Humphry William) Woolrych.

A treatise of the law of waters and of sewers : including the law relating to rights in the sea, and rights in rivers, canals, dock companies, fisheries, mills, water-courses, &c. online

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Online LibraryHumphry W. (Humphry William) WoolrychA treatise of the law of waters and of sewers : including the law relating to rights in the sea, and rights in rivers, canals, dock companies, fisheries, mills, water-courses, &c. → online text (page 1 of 59)
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UNIVERSITY

OF CALIFORNIA

LOS ANGELES



SCHOOL OF LAW
LIBRARY



A TREATISE



. ON THK



AND OF



SEWERS;



INCLUDING THE



LAW RELATING TO RIGHTS IN THE SEA,



AND RIGHTS IN



RIVERS, CANALS, DOCK COMPANIES, FISHERIES, MILLS,
WATERCOURSES, &c.



BY

HUMPHRY W. WOOLRYCH,

i'l

OF THE INNER TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW,

AUTHOR OF THE " LAW OF RIGHTS OF COMMON," AND OF
" THE LAW OF WAYS."



LONDON:

SAUNDERS AND BENNING, LAW BOOKSELLERS,

43, FLEET-STREET.

1830.




30

Copy



LONDON:

IBOTSON AND PAIMElt, PHINTEns, S.\VOY STREET, STRAND.



WILLIAM HENRY TINNEY, ESQUIRE,

ONE OF HIS MAJESTY'S COUNSEL,

THIS VOLUME



ON THE LAW OF WATERS
AND OF SEWERS

IS INSCRIBED,

AS A TESTIMONY OF ESTEEM AND REGARD,

BY HIS FRIEND,

THE AUTHOR.



PREFACE.



IN offering the present volume to the attention of the Pro-
fession, the Author feels strongly the necessity of soliciting
their indulgence. The subject is as extensive as it is im-
portant ; the different branches of it are, consequently, nu-
merous, and the possibility of omitting some important
point has, therefore, induced the writer to use a more than
ordinary degree of carefulness.

The plan of the work shall now be detailed, without fur-
ther preface.

There are two parts, the first relating to the Law of
Waters, the second embracing the Law of Sewers.

In the first chapter of the Law of Waters the various
rights are numerated.

Certain rights which may be enjoyed in the sea inde-
pendently of, commerce, (the latter subject not forming
any part of our inquiry,) and those also which may be
had in rivers, will be mentioned in the second and third
chapters : we then proceed, in the fourth chapter, to speak
of Canals, Docks, and Waterworks. The next is devoted
to the subject of Fisheries; and sixthly, we shall say some-
thing of Water-mills ; for although a mill is not of course
a right enjoyed in water, it is yet too nearly connected with
the ownership of streams and rivers, to be omitted in this



vi PREFACE.

Treatise. The seventh chapter is on Watercourses, which,
strictly taken, mean private rights of water.

These chapters include the different privileges or owner-
ships in water.

We now come to speak of the incidents which belong
to them. The eighth chapter, therefore, treats of the user
of these rights, whether they be of navigation, of fisheries,
of watercourses, or of any other such property. In the
ninth, the important subject of Obstructions is discussed,
together with the various remedies which are open to the
king's subjects for the redress of any grievances happening
by reason of such obstructions or injuries. The doctrine of
extinguishment is explained in the tenth chapter ; and in
the eleventh, several incidental matters, as the liability of
these rights to pay tithes, to be rated, to be the subjects
of a settlement, &c. is fully spoken of. We then proceed
to the consideration of Pleading and Evidence, and thus
conclude the first portion of our undertaking.

The Law of Sewers is the second part of this volume.
We have divided it into four chapters. In the first place,
we speak of the origin of Commissions of Sewers, and
of the Commissions themselves. The two next chapters
regard the Duties and Powers of Commissioners of Sewers,
and their proceedings in the execution of their duties. Upon
this occasion the constitution of the Court, the appoint-
ment of their Officers, and the punishments which the
Commissioners may inflict, will, amongst other matters, be
laid before the reader.

Lastly, we shall notice the remedies which the public
may have against these Commissioners of Sewers for in-
juries of any kind committed on the part of the latter, and
the work will terminate with this latter inquiry.

2, HARE COUBT, TEMPLE,
JUNE 26 1830.



ij} - v)'( ; ; - 7^ IT v-'-v> },'}'!" .o?. :





CONTENTS.



CHAPTER I.

O/' ^e Various Rights of Water.



Fisheries ....

Bathing ...

Navigation . . .

Watercourses . . .**

Other rights

CHAPTER II.

Of Rights in the Sea ; the ownership of the Soil therein, together with the
Right of Alluvion.

Fisheries and bathing . . . _*

Extent of our seas . . . ib.

Jus Maris . . . . - *.
No common law right of bathing in the sea 5 P"

There may be a right to bathe by custom !gBO . , , f f j 40

Of the right of wreck ,, ^ . . 11
Flotsam, jetsam, and ligan

Who may have wreck . . . .13
\Vhatgoodsmaybetaken . . . ib.
Wreck, how recovered . . .14
Goods claimed as wreck, how recovered by the owner
Wrecked goods to pay custom . . *t>.
Custom of manors to take goods must be grounded upon a consi-
deration . . .16
Swans . . . .17
Swan-herd . . . 19
Ownership of the soil under the sea . ib.
Sea-beach not to be taken to mend roads . 21
Sea coasts . . . ib.
Of land derelict

Grants of land to be recovered from the sea . . 24

Of alluvion . 21,26

Avulsion . . . .28

Islands . . . ib.

How these several rights in the sea may be claimed . . 29



tiii Contents.

CHAPTER III.

Of Rivers ; the Ownership of the Soil therein, and other matters.

PAGE.

What a public river .. . .31

What evidence of such .-, . .32

Rights enjoyed in rivers ,^,, - 33

Decoy ponds . . .34

Ownership of the soil in rivers . . . ib.

Private rivers . . .36

Alluvion . "". ' . . 37

Islands \ .38

CHAPTER IV.

Of Canals Docks Waterworks, fyc.

Of Canals . " . .40

Canal calls . . . . . ib.

Liabilities of canal proprietors . . . 42

Limitation of actions against them . . .44

Ownership of the soil in canals . . .47

Fishery therein . . . 48
Road trustees, being shareholders in canal campanies, when not

liable to forfeitures .V . . . ib.

Probate respecting canal shares . . . ib.

Of dock companies . , . .49

Compensation clauses . . . 50

Waterworks . . .53



CHAPTER V.

Of Fisheries.

The various kinds . .. .55

In the sea and public rivers . . . 56

Taking fish out of the limits of the British seas . . 57

What fish may be taken at sea . . > . 62

Penalties . . . . 65

Conservators of rivers . . . . 68

Sale of fish . . . 71

Markets . . 72

Fish, how to be sold at market * , . .76

Bounties for bringing fish to market , . . . 80

How fish may be taken . . .81

Season for taking . . . ib.

Salmons . . t ft

Young salmons . . 83

Pilchards . . . jj 84

Lobsters . . .84

Particular fisheries . . #.

White herrings . n,\

Whale fisheries . .
Scotch fisheries . .



Contents.



.'" PAGE.

Irish fisheries . .^^ .85

Southern fisheries . . . ib.

Of private fisheries . I ' .86

1. Of a several fishery . . . . 87
Where enjoyed ' 4 .96
Extent of the fishery '; . . . .97

2. Of a free fishery . ; . . ib.

3. Of common of fishery . . . 101

4. Fishery in gross V - . . 102
Limited rights of fisheries . . . ib.
Fisheries, how claimed '. . . 103



CHAPTER VI.

Of Mills.

The various kinds of water mills . . . 108

Of customs to grind at particular mills . . . 109

Unreasonable customs '. ' . . 114

Suit of mills, how claimed . . .116

CHAPTER VII.

Of Watercourses.

How claimed . . . .118

Force and effect of grants . . . 120

By whom claimed . . ... 122



CHAPTER VIII.

Of the User of Rights connected with Water.

User of fisheries . . . .24
Landing of fishermen in grounds adjoining to the water . 128, 133

Balkers, &c. in Somerset, Devon, and Cornwall . 130

User of private fisheries .' . . ., .' . 131

What nets to be used , . . , ib.

What fish taken . . . .132

User of mills ... . 134

Miller to keep open a scuttle for salmon . . ib.

What toll to be taken . . .135

Changing corn . . . *' . 137

Balances and weights to be kept at mills . . 138

No adulteration '*. . . . 139

Millers not to be common buyers of corn . . 141

when they may be said to steal corn . . ib.

Repairs of mills . . .. . ib.
User of Watercourses . ... 142

What an obstruction, and what not . . ib. 145



x Contents.

CHAPTER IX.

Of Obstructions and other Injuries, with the Remedies in such Casts,

PAGE.

Obstructions to navigation

to docks > . .154

in public rivers - '. : .155
Weirs . - \ ' : * '

Banks ':". . >\'v '' - f 158

Wharfs . i \. 159
Throwing in ballast, &c.

Diverting the stream . . 163

Materials for highways . ' v ^'

Neglect to cleanse . . .164

No obstruction where the thing done is for the public good . 165

A fishery may be an obstruction . . 170
Remedies for obstructing navigation

for injuries to locks . 172
Action on the case

Obstructions to fisheries . - . 175

Nets . A, ' ' " ' ib -

Wears . . . -^ . 176

Impressment . . . '. . 177

No licence nesessary forfishing i 'i ' ' . * 180

Quo Warranto , ' ' 181

Abatement . . y... . 182

Remedies for injuries to the Thames fishery . . 183

By-laws not favoured . . ' .187

Obstructions of private fisheries . . . 189

Nuisances . . . * '. ib.

Remedies for these latter obstructions /-.,' i IJB 191

Trespass . . . . ib.

Case . . A ;. . . 192

Trover .'. . . ' . . . 193

Not ejectment . . . ib.

Remedies in equity ' , ^ . . . . 194

Abatement . ... . . 195

Seizing nets, &c. . . . . 196

Anglers .- ..?,-*. . . 197

Criminal proceedings j >*^ . . . ib.

Stealing oysters . . "". . 201

Malicious injuries .... ib.

Obstructions of mills ... T . . 202

Remedies . % .' . ib.

Obstructions by mills ... . 205

of watercourses . ... 206

Twenty years' possession .... ib.

Waterspouts . . . 208

Injuries to mills .''', . . ib.

Mill obstructed need not be an ancient mill . .210

What not an obstruction . 218



Contents. xi

PAGE.

Cleansing rivers t . . . .219

Getting road materials * . . 220

Remedies for obstructing watercourses /-,</. ib.

Not indictment . . i ,, . ib.

Assise . . . .221

Quod permittat . . r . '-j, - ,->.. ib.
Pracipe quod reddat .... ib.

Action on the case . . $? . . . ib.

Trespass . . . : . ' '. { - "-'. . 222

Covenant "^ . '? '' '?'-';1 n . 224

Abatement . . . . , , . ib.

Injunction . . *- '" . 226

Remedies in equity . i -/ . . ib.



CHAPTER X.

Of Extinguishment, Suspension, and Revivor.

Extinguishment of rights in the sea . . . 277

in rivers ". : . 227, 228

Of rights of water ..'".". . . . 227

Fisheries . .^ . . 230

Privileges of mills . . . . . . 232

Watercourses 234



CHAPTER XI.

Of Incidents to Rights connected with Water.

Tolls on the sea ' -' i " . , . . 237, 240

On navigable rivers ' . . . . 240

Exorbitant tolls . . , ' . .243

Canal tolls . . . . . . 244

Dockage duties . . [1 *t ' . . 249

Rates . i v . . . .253

Rating fisheries . '. . . ... 254

Canal tolls, dock duties, waterworks, are rateable ^j . 255

Compensation duty rateable ... . 260

Where these rates are to be made, and in what proportions - . 261

Oftithes . ... . . .267

Tithes of fish . , . . . . ib.

Fish in the sea . . . . . 268

in rivers . . . '. V .. , . 270

in private waters . V . ... 271

Tithes, where paid ii> \ . . . ib.

Tithes in respect of mills > . , . P . 273

of what mills . . . -f. .- 276

where payable ., ... . . 285

How to prescribe against tithes fl$ at . it.



xii Contents.



PAGE.

Settlement, in respect of mills . ; " ' . "* . 287



residence
What mills give no settlement
dower , .. :
of fisheries
of mills
of canal tolls .
New River shares -.- -
Distress . : f '

Devise ' . . '



ib.

ib.
289

ft
290

ib.
291
292

ib.



CHAPTER XII.

Of Indictments and Pleadings on the subject of Rights connected with

Water.

Indictments for obstructing navigation . '- ', ' . 294

Summary convictions . '!'- - 295

Indictments mills . .*" . 296, 297

Mill-pond jwfflv V> ^96

Watercourses . . . . .298

Pleadings respecting rights of navigation . . 299

Port duties . . '.'" - . 800

Fisheries . . _ . , . . 302

Continuando . . ' . . . 805

Pleas, fisheries . . ^ .g^ . ib.

Replications . ' - '* t ' 1) * . .307

Rejoinder . . ... . . 308

Trover fish 'n'-L . J ^-

Pleadings, mills . "'." . . . 309

Watercourses r . *. t . .- . . 310

pleas, watercourses "*v '" ',, . . 320



CHAPTER XIII.

Of Evidence.

In indictments for obstructions of navigation . . 323

Fisheries, public ; '. ' .. .+* . . . 324

Private \ir#\* f tiwf . w *!- ^ ; -

Summary convictions " . . . . ib.

Breaking down fish-ponds , . . . >' . . ib.

Miffs ..... 325

Watercourses . . . 326

In actions concerning rights connected with navigation . ib.

Wreck . . . . . 330

Decoy ponds . '., , ~ . . ib.

Port duties '-. \. .^ 331

In actions for calls . ib.



Contents. xiii

PAGE.

Fisheries, public . . .332

Private ,-. .. .'. . 333

Mills . . . . . - 336

Watercourses . ', . !W . ib.

Plea of judgment recovered . .: ., -,<j*df 389

Witness . r.> . . . .340

ADDENDA . - - - . 341



THE LAW OF SEWERS.

CHAPTER I.

Of Commissions of Sewers, and their Origin.

Derivation of ' Sewer ' . ''' '^-'. . . 345

Origin of commissions '.". ; , ,? t . . 346
Commissions by statute .... 348

The great statute of 23 Hen. VIII. . . . 352

Duchy of Lancaster . ' . ' . . 353

Saving of fines t .- . . 354

Charges of commissioners . i T - . ib.

Qualifications . . ib.

Forfeiture for not being qualified . . . 360

Oath ,. . ,.- . . . . 359
Form of it . *' '. . . 360, n.

Allowance of commissioners . . .361

Continuance of commissioners , , . 362

No certificate nor return of commission . . . 366

Demise of the crown does not determine commission 367



CHAPTER II.

, -

Of the Duties and Powers of Commissioners of Sewers.

The commission ' ."- .. lt . . 370

Inquiry into annoyances . . ib.

Assessment -V -j r . . "/.

Repair . [W . . . . ib.

Pulling down annoyances *. ' *. . ib.

Appointment of officers . ." ib

Distress for arrears ". .371
Taking labourers, &c. . v ''.' * . 16.



xiv Contents.

Making of laws . 371,372

Awarding of writs, &c. ib-

Survey ... . ib.

Compelling obedience to orders . . 372

Review of the commission . ib.

Romney Marsh 374

Survey . '' ' 375

Walls . . .376

Streams and watercourses . . 377

Rivers ' **

Ditches " . . - 380

Banks . . . ' . ib.

Gutters . ib.

Sewers . .,_ ib.

Gotes . ' . .383

Calcies . . ib.

Bridges . . . 384

Trenches > - . 385

Annoyances Wjil* . , . ib.

Outrageous springs - . . . ib.

Mills and mill-streams , . " . ib.

Wears, &c. '. .. * Jl . 386

Gotes, &c. . . . '. 'j ' ib.

Hebbing-wears, &c. ' .'" : . . ib.

Ponds . . . ib.

Pools '. . ., . ib.

Inquiry into the ownership of lands, and into defaults . 387

Repair, who liable to . . . 388

Person repairing must be benefited . ib.

Frontage . . . 390

Use . . . . ib.

Sewers . '. . . . 391

Prescription and custom . . V, , ; . ib.

Covenant f . .'"_ . " . 393

Grant . . . ' . 393

Corporations, when liable . * ., 394

Townships . . . 395

Repairs, when to be made by the level . . 395

Ecclesiastical persons . . . 403

Lords of manors '' . '!'" K . ' . . ib.

Copyholders . -*< * ' *,^ . ^

Reversioners ';.. . . ' . 494

Mortgagors . ,*;% . . . 405

Offices, &c. . -. . if,

Annuitants . . ' . . ib.

Tithes . . ' 406 "

Goods . . . ' 4Qf

Perpetual charge . z -j <

Destruction of annoyances '. . 415

Private nuisances '*..- - ."



Contents. xv

CHAPTER III.

Of the Proceedings of Commissioners of Sewers in furtherance of the
powers intrusted to them.

PAGE.

They are a court of record . . . .421

Six form a court .... 422

Appointment of their officers . . ib.

Officers punishable . . 423

Removal of officers . . . ib,

Bond by them i, . . . 424

Jury . . . . 427

Surveyor's presentment . ';,. . 430

What presentments traversable :.t>". . a *^*

Assessment, how made . . .431

Punishments by commissioners . . . 433

Fines . . . ib.

Must be reasonable . . . 434

Fines, whether traversable . . . ib.

Amerciaments . . . . 435

Imprisonment . . . . 436

Distress . . 438

Sale . . . 441

Replevin . ^ , . 442

Decrees of lands ... . 444

What lands to be sold . . . . 447

Who bound by the decrees . . . 448

To whom land may be decreed . . , . 449

Indictment ... . ib.

No action of trespass . . ib.

CHAPTER IV.

Of the various Proceedings which may be had against Commssioners of Sewers.

Certiorari . J ' . v . 457

Disobedience to the writ v . . . 457

Procedendo . . 453

Mandamus . . . . 459

Actions . . . . . 460

Notice of action . . . . . . 462

Injunction . . ^ J ib.

'
FORMS AND PRECEDENTS.

Law of waters . ... 465

Law of sewers . . .." . 478



ERRATA.

Page 63, note (6) for Schulten, read Schultes ; note (e) for 3 Baize,
6 Hale, &c. read 3 Bulst. 6. Hale, &c.

303,/or Tho. Jures, read Sir Thomas Jones.

444,/or s. 13, reads. 12.






A TABLE OF THE STATUTES



CONTAINED IN THIS WORK.



Hen. III. 9. (Magna Charta.)

c. 15. (banks) (sewers) . 348

c. 16. (banks) . . .158

c. 30. (no toll upon the sea) 238

Ed. I. 3.( Westminster !.)( wreck). 11

c. 20. (fisheries) . .197

c. 31. (no toll on the sea) . 238

(Westminster 2.) . 13

c. 47. (salmon) 69. 82, 83. 181.

182

Ed. II. 9. (articuli cleri) . 108.267

17. c. 11. (whales, &c.) . 62

Ed. III. (sewers) . . .349

25. st. 4. c. 4. (wears) . . 155

(sewers) . . 349

27. c. l.(do.)(prsemunire) 366

459

31. st. 2. c. 1. (herrings) . 72

c. 2. (do.) . . ib.

c. 3. (fish) . . ib.

st. 3. c. l.(do.) . . ib.

35. (herrings) . ib.

45. c. 2. (wears) . . 156

(sewers) . . 349

Ric.II. 13. c. 19. (nets) 69. 82, 83. 182

15. c. 3. (wreck) . . 14

17. c. 9. (salmon fisheries) 68.

69.82,83.176.182

17. c. 19. (conservators of

rivers) . . 68

Hen. IV. 1. c. 12. (wears) . . 156

(sewers) . . 349

4. c. 11. (wears) . . 156

Hen. V. 1. c. 2. (do.) . . . ib.

(sewers) . . 149

Hen. VI. 2. c. 15. (nets) . . .175

3. c. 5. (River Lea) . 158

(sewers) . . 349

6. c. 5. (commission of

sewers) 349. 369. 384
8. c. 3. (sewers) . . 350



PAGE

Hen. VI. 9.c. 5. (Severn) . . 158
c. 9. (River Lea) . . ib.
(sewers) . . . 349
18. c. 10. (do.) . . 351

23. c. 8. (do.) . . ib.

Ed. IV. 12. c. 6. (do.) . . ib.

c. 7. (do.) . . 349. 422
s. 3 & 4. (obstruc-
tions to na-
vigation) . 156
s. 5 & 6. (do.) . 157
22. c. 2. (salmons) . . 69
Hen.VII. 4. c. 1. (sewers) . .351
11. c. 17. (swans) . . 19
c. 23. (salmons) . 69
(herrings) . 84
19. c. 18. (Severn) . . 158
Hen. VIII. 6. c. 10. (sewers) . . 351
23. c. 5. (the bill of sewers) 174
s. 1. (preamble) .352
s. 2. (commission) . ib.
s. 3. (power of com-
missioners) 158.
353. 369

s. 4. (saving of fines) 354
(jury) . . 427
s. 5. (oath) . 360

s. 7. (making laws) 372
s. 8. (decreeing of

lands) . 445

s. 9. (lands of the

king bound) . ib.
s. 10. (qualification
of commis-
sioners) . 354
s. 11. (avowry) . 444
s. 12. . ' . ib.

s. 13. . . 362

s. 14. (Duchy of

Lancaster) . 353
s. 15. (expenses of
b



Table, of Statutes.






Hen. VIII. 23. c. 5. PAGE

commissions) 354
s. 16. (continuance
of commis-
sions) . 362.365
s. 17. (continuance

of laws) 362,363
s. 19.(certificatein-

to chancery) 363
s. 20. (commissions
Wales, Ches-
ter.&c.) . 353
25. c. 10. (sewers)

s. 1. (commissioners
need not act out
of the county
where they live 360
s. 2. refusal to take

the oaths) . ib.
c. 18. (piles and fish-

garths) . .177

31. c. 2. (fisheries) . 197

32. c. 34. (covenant to

run with the
land) . . 141
34 & 35. c. 9. s. 6. (obstruc-
tions to
naviga-

tion) 149.161
Ed. VI. 2&3.C.6. (no licence for

fishing) 180. 186

c. 13. (tithes) s. 7. (non deci-

mando) . 277
s. 1 1 . (extent of

act) . 268, n.
3 & 4. c. 8. s. 2. (sewers) (fees)
continuance
of commis-
sions).. 362.372.
438

Mar. 1 . 1 . sess. 3. c. 1 1 . Glamorgan-
shire sea sands
s.l. 372, n. 415

Eliz. 1. c. 17. s. 1. (salmon) . . 64

s. 2. (size of fish) . ib.

s. 3. (exceptions) 64, 126

s. 4. (do.) . ib. ib.

s. 5. (penalty) . 64

s. 6. (jurisdiction) . 65

s. 7. (forfeiture) . . ib.

s. 8. (do.) . . ib.

5. c. 5. s. 4. (herrings) . 72

(fish) . . 63

s. 6 & 7 (do) . . 84

c. 21. (fisheries) . . 197

13 c. 9. s. 1 . (sewers) (continu-

auceof commissions) 363. 366
9. 2. (continuance of

laws) . 363. 366



Eliz. 13. c. 9. s. 3. (justices of

peace) . . 364
s.4. (qualification of

commissioners) 355

s. 5. (certificate) . 366

s. 6. (fines) . 354. 423, n.

s. 9. (decree of lands) 445

18. c. 5. (prosecutions qui tarn) 361

22. c. 4. (swans) . . 17

27. c. 24. (sea banks) . 21

31. c. 5. (prosecutions qui tarn) 361

43. c. 4. (charitable uses) . 407

Jac. I. 1 . c. 23. s. 3 & 4. (balkers) 130,

131

3.c. 12. s. 1 4. (nets) . 125
(sea fish) . 70.
383. 384, 385
c. 14. s. 1&2. (jurisdiction

of sewers) . 379
7.c. 18. (sea sand) . 24

Car. 1.3. c. 4. (preservation of

fish) . . 64

Car. II. c. 2. (sewers) . 383

13 & 14. c. 28. s.l. (pilchards) 84

s.3,4&5.(do.) 84,

85

15. c. 16. (Herrings.

Newfoundland
fisheries) 84, 85
16&17.C. 8. (jeofails) . 304
22 & 23. c. 25. (fisheries) . 197
30. c. 9. (Severn) 70. 187
Gul. III. 2. sess. 2. c. 8. s. 14. (new

sewers) 382
4&5. c. 13. (gamekeep-
er) repealed 196
c. 17. (whale fish-
eries) . 85
c.23. (fisheries) 196,197
6&7. c. 16.s. l.(Thames) 35, n.
159

s. 1 9. (ratesof
naviga-
tion) . 244

10& 11. c.l. (River Tone) 158
c. 24. (Billingsgate)

s. 18. . 72
s. 10. (toll) 73
s. 11. (mono-
poly) ib.
s. 15. (cod and

ling duty ib.
c. 25. (Newfoundland

fisheries) repealed .

Anne l.st. 1. c. 16. (whale fisheries) 85
4. c. 15. (Essex and Suf-
folk fishery . 63
c. 16. (jeofails) s.l; 2. 304



Table of Statutes.



xix



PAGE

Anne 1. st. I.e. 21. (Southampton

and Wilts) 63. 83
s.5. (miller's

scuttle) 134, 135
7. c. 10. s. 1 & 2. (sewers) 448
c.16.8. 3. (do.) . 438
9. c. 26. (Thames and

Medway)68. 186,187
a. 2. (unsizable fish :
season for sal-
mon) . .69.82
i. 3. (unsizeable fish

Billingsgate) . 73
s. 5&6. (sale offish,

&c.) . . . ib.
Geo. 1. 1 . st. 2. c. 5. s. 6. (riot act) rep.

260, n.

c. 6. s. 14. (salmon) . 82

c.18.8.4. (sea fish) 64,

65.125,126

s. 7. (size of fish) 74

s. 14. (forfeiture) 64,

182

s. 18. (ancient

wears) . 159

9. c. 22. (black act) rep. 197.

202

I3.c. 26. (Scotch fish-
eries) . . 85
c.30. (do.) . ib.

Geo. II. 2. c. 19. (oysters) . 68

9. c. 33. s. 4. (lobsters) . 84
13. c. 17. (exemption from

impressment) . 180
19. c. 22. (obstructing havens,

&c. rivers, &c.) . 161
5. 18. 150. 153, 154

22. c. 46. (rates of navigation) 244
c. 49. (Westminster fish

market) . . 74

23. c. 16. s. 7 & 8. (oysters) . 68

23. c. 24. (herring fishery) 84
c. 26. s. 7. (River Ribble) 82

s. 8. (do.) . ib.

24. c. 44. (justices) . 185
26. c. 9. (herring fishery) 84

28. c. 14. (do.) . . 84

29. c. 23. (Scotch fisheries) 85
c. 39. (Westminster fish

market) . . 74

30. c. 21. (Thames fishery) 68.183

s. 1. . 82.126

s.2. . . 69

8. 5. . 69. 127, 128

.6. . . 128

s. 10. . 128

Id. s.l 16 . 183.185
s.15. 17,18. 21. 186



PAGE

Geo. 11.30. c. 21.8. 19,20. . 137
31. c. 29. s. 29. (adulteration

of corn) . 139
s.31,32.34. (do.) 140
33. c. 27. (fish market) 70. 74
s. 13. (salmon) 64. 68
s. 15. (fish market) 66
s. 16. (inhabitants

witnesses) ib.
Geo. III. 2. c. 15. (fish market)

s.l 21. . . 75 78
s.25. (deserter in

fishing ship) 181
s. 26 35. (fish market)

78 80

s.37. (do.) . 80

c. 50. (southern fishery) 8,5

5. c. 14. (fisheries) . . 197

9. c. 29. (do.) . * . 204

11. c. 27. (Tweed fisheries) . 64
c. 31. (herring fishery) exp. 84
c. 38. (whale fisheries) rep. 85

12. c. 58. s. 6. (herring fish-

ery) exp. . 84

1 3. c. 72. (fish) . . 85
c. 78. (highway act)

s. 27. (materials) 163. 220
s. 28. (sea beach) . 21
s. 31 . ( pits in rivers) 1 64
s. 33. (mills) . 205

c. 31. s. 2. 7. 12. 13,14.
17, 18. (Newfound-
land fisheries) rep.
by5G.4.c.51. 85
c. 46. (Tweed fisheries) . 64
16. c. 36. (pilchard fishery) . 85

26. c. 26. ( Newfoundland fish-

eries) rep. by 5 G. 4.

c.5l. . . ib.

c. 36. (River Ribble) . 68

c. 41. s. 7. (impressment) 180

s. 16 & 17. (whale

fisheries) exp. . 85

c. 81. (Scotch fisheries) . ib.

c. 106. (do.) . . ib.

27. c. 10. (herring fishery) . 84

28. c. 20. (southern fishery) . 85
c. 35. (Newfoundland

fisheries) . . ib.

c. 81. (herring fishery) . 84

29. c. 53. (whale fisheries) . 85
c. 57. (Newfoundland fish-
eries) s. 1. rep. by
5G.4.C.51. . . ib.

30.C.54. (Westminster fish

market) . . 74

31. c. 43. (pilchard fishery) 85
c. 59. s. 11. (local act) . 107
b 2



XX



Table of Statutes.



Geo. III. PAGE

32. c. 22. (whale fisheries) . 85
c. 80. (canal act } . 42



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