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Annual Convention American Humane

Association (Oct., 1911) 251, 267

Annual Convention A. H. A. (Nov.,

1908), International 3, 20

Autumn (Poem) S. M. Peck 25

Autobiography of a Water-spaniel 46

Annual Meeting and Keport I. H. S.,

Forty-second 85, 112

Auditing Committee Eeport Annual

Meeting (I. H. S., 1911) 88

Animal Rights in Italy 123

At the Photographers (Poem)

Oliver Herford 125

Alton Humane Meeting (Editorial)... 175
Australia, Reports S. P. C. A. (New

South Wales) 212

Animals Tried in Court 216

American Humane Association Meeting,

Notice of 231

American Humane Association Conven-
tion, Oct., 1911, San Francisco. . 251, 267
Anti-Cruelty Statistics in 1911 2()ii

Bloomington Humane Society, Report of 39
Branch Societies and Agencies, Illinois SO
By-Laws Illinois Humane Society. . 100, 104

Bull Fights Benito Juarez, Jr. 117

Belvidere Meeting 1 22

Beaumarchais and the Donkey 179

Bequests, Form of 1 83

Belvidere Humane Society 214

Children's Corner.. 27, 45, 61, 125, 139,

162, 179, 203, 223, 241

Cats and Their Care 29

Cases in Court 31, 48, 66, 127, 142,

164, 181, 206, 226, 246
Cairo and Halliday Fountain (Edi-
torial) 42

Christmas Morning (Poem) 45

Christmas Feast for Birds 45

Cup for Essay on Humane Education. . 126

Causes of Juvenile Delinquency 134

Cats and Their Care ' 139

Cat Shows Human Traits 140

(!at Finds Money 141

V.ats — Ancient and Modern (Editorial) 15(i

Cat, The Beggar (Poem) 158

Chicago's Second Work Horse Parade. . 171
('onvention of Humane Societies in

Illinois 17(i

(Hiildren's Hour, The (F^ditorial) 177

Chicago Heights and Mr. Odell 178

Captain's Well, The (Poem) 199

Convention A. H. A., Oct., 1910,
International 3, 20

Convention A. H. A., Oct., 1911, San
Francisco 251, 267

Dog Knows His Name 30

Dog That Speaks German . 47

Dog Rouses Author at Fire 141

Dog, Her First Patient, A 163

Dog, Poor Life 178

Dog Saves Child's Life 215

Dog Martyr to Save Children, Old 237

Donors of Illinois Humane Society

Building 71

Directors and OlEcers I. H. S., 1911-12 73

Directors and Officers, Deceased 79

Directory Branch Societies and Agencies

in Illinois 80

Delegates A. H. A. Meeting, Oct., 1911 267

Duke Saves $300 224

Docking, Suggestions on 60

Editorials. 21, 23, 24, 25, 42, 43, 58, 120,

136, 156, 175, 177, 178, 219, 238

Edwardsville Humane Society, Report.. 38

Essays, Prize 244

F'ountains, Illinois Humane Society.... 108

Fountains (Descriptive Article) HI

Fountains at Newport, Washington. . . . 214

Forestville School Fountain 197

Faithfulness of a Dog 205

Frogs, Speaking of 244

Gifts (Form of Bequest) 183

Gift to Wabash Countv Schools

(Editorial) ' 43

Good Work ( Editorial) 238

Humane Congress, The (Washington

Post) 23

Humane Endeavor, The (Washington

Star) 24

Humane Conference, Illinois 35, 41

Humane Education

Edward G. Fairholme 53

Humane Education Law, Illinois 107

Humane Education, Clip for Prize Es-
say on 126

Humane Education (Prize Essay).... 241
Humane Education in the School (Prize

Essay) 243

Halliday Memorial Fountain 42

Happy New Year 60

Historical Points in Humane Work in

Illinois 90

Halifax Children "s Court 124

Keeji Warm


. Tlioinas H. Brijjg

llow Tiny Animals
Horses Kenieinbeied
Haulage b>- Horses.
Hector. Tlie Story of

Her First Patient a Dog

Humane Meeting at Alton (Editorial)

Humane Activities

Humane Problems. . .Wm. O. Stillman
How the Woodpecker Knows (Poem) . .

Horse Sense in Hot Weather

Dr. A. H. Baker

Hanna, Robert Marshall ( Kditorial) . .
Hen Adojits Mag])ies

1 25

2 ns

Illinois Humane Convention (June.

1911) 1S5. 195

Tnternational Convention A. II. A.

(Oct.. 1910) ?,. 2(t

Island of Crete E. \V. ( iianihers 2lii

Japanese Attitude Toward Animals...

Masujiro Honda 131

Juvenile Delinrjuency, Causes of

'. . Thomas D. Elynn 134

Jewel 180

. I umbo. The (Jiant Frog 224

Lectures to Police 2G Miss Ottilie 26

Ledure Courses 83

Lectures on Humane Subjects 234

Laws Concerning Cruelty to Children,

Illinois 1(14

Laws Concerning Cruelty to Animals.

Illinois 105

Law Concerning Humane Education,

Illinois 107

Lend Me Your Ears (Editorial) 58

Lion of Androcles 203

Lizard That Didn 't Evolute 205

Lese .Majeste (Poem) . .Oliver Herford 225

.Man's Inhumanity . .Washington Heralil 24

More Street Fountains 2(i

.Miss Ottilie Liljenerantz 2()

.Mc'Jonough County Humane Society

Report 38

>lci:'lellan School Meeting 44

Members. Governing (Illinoi.-^ llunuine

Society) 75

Members. Governing Life (I. IL S.) . . 75

Members. DeceasedLife (L H. S.) . . . . 78

.Members. Honorary (1. H. S.) 71

Members. r)eceased Honorary (I. H. S.) 71

Members and Contributors. Annual.... 7(5

Membership Fees 82

.Membership in Illinois Humane Society. 248
Meeting Board of Directors (Fell..

1911) 99

.Memoriam. In 9,S

.Meeting A. H. A., San F^'rancisco, Oct..

1911. Notice of 231

MacDonald. A. F 13S


May. In (Poem) Robert K. Weeks Kil

-My Mutfet ( Poem ) i(;3

;\IcKinley as Barber 21(5

Mudfishers at Play J. .M. Cobb 225

Ma. I Dog .Munsey 's Magazine 237

Neglected Children

Washington Herald 25

Xot Including Animals

Chicago Tribune 178

Xev.port, Washington, Fountain 214

Overloading Ordinance 1 15

Our Animals L3s

Our Debt to Anima's 2i)3

Ohio Humane Societv 215

Plumage Barred by Law ifi

Prof. Bow Wow Gives a Lecture 27

Put Yourself iu His Place 50

Personnel Illinois Humane Societv,

1911-12 .". 73

Petition for Appointment, Special Agent 121

Preserving Wild Life 124

Practical Tribute, The (Editorial.) 13(i

Poor Puss Was Rescued, How 14ii

Points of Good and Bad Stable 114

Parkinson. W. W IGl

Pat 223

Prize Essays 244

President's' Address, A. H. A.. Oct..

1911 251

President's Address. I. H. S.. Feb..

1911 85

Patterson, R. W 98

Report Branch Societies and Special
Agencies (showing table of work for

1910-11 in Illinois) 92, 93

Report of Secretary (Annual Meetin-i

L H. S., 1911). .' '. S8

Report of Treasurer (Annual ^Meeting

!. H. S., 1911) 87

Report of Auditing Committee 88

Report of Committee on Laws 9(5

Report of Rock Island Society (1910). 37
Re^iort of Rock Island Society, Ladies'

Auxiliary 37

Report of Rock Island Society, Secre-
tary 's 37

Report of McDonough County Society. . 38

Report of Edwardsville Society 38

Report of Bloomington Society 39

Report of Work of Illinois Humane So.-

ciety 1878-1911 90

Report of Woman 's S. P. C. A.. New

South Wales 212

Report of Secretary A. H. A.. Oct..

1911 .' 259

Resolutions Annual Meeting I. IT. S..

1911 97

Kesolntions Illinois State Convention.

June, 1911 195

Resolutions Illinois State (^invention,

Nov., 1910 4n

Red Acre Farm 167

Rose Still Grows, The (Poem) L'6

Rock Island Society, Report of 37

Rock Island Society, Report of Ladies '

Auxiliary 37

Rock [sland Society, Report of Secre-
tary 37

Recent Fountain Work 197

Reciprocal Kindness (Poem) '2{)4

Rabbit's Nose Is Split, Why the L'23

Rock Island Society Loses Mr. Ellman. L39

State Humane Conference, Illinois. . . .35, 41
State Humane Convention, Illinois

(1911) 185-195

Suggestions for ('o-operating With the

Society 1 S2

Secretary's Rejiort (Annual Meeting,

L H. *S., 1911) S8

Standing Committees (L H. S., 1911-12) 74
Special Agents Appointed in June, 1911 237

Street Fountains, 5lore 26

Secretary's Report (A. H. A., Oct.,

1911)' 259

Springfield Humane Society (Editorial) 239

Squirrels that Lived in a House 61

Squirrel's Arithmetic, The (Poem).... 65

Sunny Jim — A Dog Policeman 65

Song of the Toad (Poem)

John Burroughs 141

Stable, C'ood and Bad Points of a.... 144

Sylvan Party, The (Poem) •. 179

Snake Story", A 180

Serenity in Social Service 233


Tennyson 's Love for Birds 30

Turtle, A Grateful 45

Treasurer's Report (Annual Meeting

I. H. S., 1911) : 87

Table and Notes Showing Work of

Branch Societies and Special Agencies

in Illinois 93, 94

Traffic at Home and Abroad 122

Tom (Poem) C. F. Woolsen 133

Toad, Song of the (Poem)

John Burroughs 141

Toad, The Green (Poem) .

Mary G. 'Sheridan 205

Takes Pets Across Sea 225

Tree, Mr. Lambert 98

United We Stand (Editorial) 21

Verse.. 28. 29, 44, 125, 126, 174. 211, 220,

225, 238

Work of Humane Society from View-
point of Humane Officer 36

Wells, Death of M. D 44

Word to Special Agents (Editorial)... 120

Work in the South, Good 161

Work Horse Parade, Chicago's Second. 171

Why Mosquitos Sting (Poem) 203

Woodpecker Knows, How the (Poem). 205

Wife and Child Abandonment 209

Winnebago Humane Society 215

Wells, Mr. Moses D ' 98



Delegates International Humane Conference Facing 'A

Banquet International Humane Conference 17

Dog 27

(^at 29

Hallklay Memorial Fountain Facing 35

The Night Before Christmas (Cartoon).. .Frederick Bate

Facing 50

Squirrel in AVoods 62

Making Friends 64

Waiting (Cartoon) Frederick Bate 68

Home of the Illinois Humane Society 70

General Offices 72

Liln'ary and Study 84

Fountain (Illinois Humane Society Design) 109

Ambulance for Animals 112

Benito Juarez 114

Pussy White 125

Masujiro Honda Facing 181

lllnstrations for Brigg Lecture 146-154

Court of Injustice (Cartoon) Frederick Bate 159

Glimpse of Red Acre Farm Facing 167

Two Pensioners 169

Forestville School Fountain 196

Robert Marshall Hanna Facing 219

Dr. William 0. Stillman 280

Loving Cup jMrs. James C. Fesler 245

The Golden Gate, San Francisco Facing 251

American Humane Association Banquet, San Francisco. . . . 264

Di'ivewav Honu' of Mrs. Phoebe A. Hearst 266

Floral Welcome, (Jolden Gate Park 268


One thing I think must be clear: Until man has learned to
feel for all his sentient fellow-creatnres, whether in human or in
animal form, of his own class and sex and country, or of another,
he has not yet ascended the first step towards true civilization nor
applied the first lesson from the love of God. — Miss F. P. Cohhe.

They are slaves who fear to speak
For the fallen and the weak.


I will not kill nor hurt any living creature needlessly, nor
destroy any beautiful thing, but will strive to save and comfort all
gentle life, and guard and perfect all natural beauty upon the
earth. — John Ruskin.

The Stoics made sensibility toward animals a preparation to
humanity and compassion because the gradually formed habit of
the lesser affections is capable of leading men very far. — Plutarch.

All creatures. Lord, are Thine, and Thou art theirs.
One bond Creator with created shares ;
On each the bounties of Thy mercy fall,
And Thy compassion reaches to them all.
One understanding to all flesh He gives,
AVithout that understanding nothing lives ;
The faithful watch-dog that does all he can,
Is better far than the unprayerful man.
He who tovv^ards every living thing is kind.
Ah ! he, indeed, shall true religion find !
-Lines from the Adi Granth, written by Baba Nanak, born 14fi9.


Christinas is iiulccd the scnison of re^cnicratod feeling — -the sea-
son for kindling, not merely the fire of hospitality in the hall, hnt
the genial fianie of charity in the heart. — AVashington Irving.


"What gem hath dropp'd and sparkles o'er his chain?
The Tear most sacred, shed for other's pain.
That starts at once — bright — pure — from Pity's mine,
Already polish VI hy the Hand Divine.

— Lord Bvron.

For us they toil, for us they die,

These humlile creatures Thou hast made ;

How shall we dare their rights deny.
On whom thy seal of love is laid?

Teach Thou our hearts to hear their plea.
As Thou dost man's in prayer to Thee.

— Emily B. Lord.

''T am my brother's keeper

And I will tight his fight,
And speak the word for beast and bird

Till the Avorld shall set things right.''

Tn all large cities wherever traffic is heavy, the demand for
drinking water for animals is great, and he who makes permanent
public provision for the thirsty, dumb bur(h>n-])earers erects to
liis Immanitv a lasting moiunnent.

Humane Advocate

Trade-Mark Registered in United States Patent Office, Sept. 17th, A. D. 1907.



No. 1


Conducted under the Auspices of

An International Humane Confer-
ence, conducted under the auspices of
the American Humane Association in
conjunction with its thirty-fourth an-
nual meeting', was held in the New
National Museum in the city of Wash-
ington, District of Columbia, October
10-15, 1910.

The first international humane con-
ference ever held in America convened
in Chicago in 1893, at the World's
Fair, and was presided over by the
late John G. Shortall, who was at
that time president of both the Illinois
Humane Society and the American
Humane Association.

The humanitarian movement repre-
sented by the American Humane As-
sociation had its origin in the work
of Henry Bergh, of New York, who
founded the first humane society of
the western hemisphere in 1865.

So successful was Mr. Bergh's ven-
ture in establishing a bureau of animal
protection that similar societies were
organized in various parts of the
United States. Nine years later these
societies organized the American Hu-
mane Association. For thirty-two
consecutive years the association has
held annual meetings which have ac-
complished practical results in gener-
ating humane sentiment, spreading hu-
mane education, enacting humane laws
and offering combined resistance to

The recent meeting was held in the
beautiful new building of the United
States National Museum, the use of
which was donated to the Interna-
tional Humane Conference by the
Smithsonian Institute.

Two hundred and fifty delegates
registered, representing thirty foreign
countries and nearly every state in the
Union, and good sized audiences of
interested listeners were in attendance
throughout the conference. Dr. Will-
iam O. Stillman as president of the
association officially called the meet-
ing to order. The Rev. Dr. Wallace
Radcliffe delivered the invocation. A
letter from President Taft, for many
years an honorary vice-president of
the association, was read, expressing
regret at his inability to be present.
Hon. Charles Nagel, secretary of com-
merce and labor, welcomed the visit-
ing delegates on behalf of President
Taft in an eloquent address.

Reports were read from many for-
eign societies, interesting in themselves
and particularly so as showing the uni-
formity of the work.

In his opening address Dr. Stillman

said in part :

"To-day we do honor to Henry Bergli,
and to his great predecessor, Richard Mar-
tin, who starlei this work across the seas
nearly a century ago. From Henry Bergh's
pioneer organization in this country the

Note: Several of the papers receiving only brief mention in this account will be pub-
lished in full in later issues of the Humane Advocate.



hosts of the liiiiiuuic army lia\o iiicrea.sod
until there are 39G active centers for auti-
crnelty work in this country alone. Since
l\*ichard ]MartJn founded his pioneer so-
ciety in J'liiglaiid, in JS24, the number of
luunaiie organizations has increased until
there are now nearly J,4U0 throughout the
world. 1 will not burden you with a de-
tailed description of the present status
of this great work, which in the United
States alone cares for the interests of
iiearly two iiundred thousand children and
over a million and a quarter dumb brutes
each year.

We are under jieculiar obligations to
Henry Bergh on the ojiening of this sec-
tion of America's first great International
Humane Conference, which section is de-
voted exclusively to considering cpiestions
relating to childhood, for he was the one
who first suggested the organization of a
"Children's Protective Society," as he
phrased it. In 187-1-, in New York City,
the case of a poor little girl subjected to
unspeakable brutalities, was called to his
attention. He promptly met the demands
of the situation and took steps to organize
the first Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Children which bad ever been
created. The call for this society, which
was written in Mr. Bergh 's own hand, and
first signed by him, read as follows: "The
undersigned, desirous of rescuing the un-
protected children of this city and state
from cruelty and demoralization which
neglect and abandonment engender, here-
by engage to aid, with their sympathy and
support, the organization, and working of
a children 's protective society, having in
view the realization of so important a
purpose. ' ' We are proud that the inaugu-
ration of this movement has been a con-
tribution from this country to that great
altruistic uplift which is being felt through
the world in so many beneficent ways.

The work performed by the humane
propaganda has influenced much of con-
temporary literature, and evidences of
these effects are to be found in hundreds of
books and in many current magazines. The
humane movement has done something
more than conduct an academic crusade.
]t has radically altered the tone of the
public mind in regard to cruelty and has
helped to raise and ennoble the national
character of our people. At the present
moment the statute books of our Federal
government contain laws which are being
vigorously enforced hy a great department
of state in the interests of humanity and
civilization. We ho|)e that the same fun-
damental principles of humanity, as repre-

sentative of the higher moral law, will
largely influence our government in con-
cluding an early treaty with Canada and
.lapan for a large degree of humane pro-
tection of certain interests affecting each

Those who believe that little children
are tlie best asset which the world has,
and that without strength and purity in
tlnir li\es the world would soon become
bankrupt, should welcome humane edu-
cation as a precious thing, a priceless her-
itage of infinite riches. Our generation
found childhood debased and ground down
in many jjarts of the land by the upper
and lower social millstones of greed and
indifference. Its health was ignored. Its
morals were perverted. Children were
often the slaves of a commercial system at
once terrible for its short-sightedness and
contemptible for its folly. Forces were
set at work which are correcting these con-
ditions. Childhood has been making king.
It is the epoch of the child. We now fully
recognize the infinite possibilities of the
future for good, which are held in the
tiny hand which we guide to-day but which
will rule the world to-morrow. As we
teach now so will the destinies of the
hereafter be written. If we plant in the
heart of universal childhood to-day a deep-
seated love for justice and kindness, an-
other generation will reap a gracious har-
vest of general peace and good will.

The value and usefulness of the Juven-
ile Court and Child Probation is univers-
ally recognized throughout the world.
America is humbly proud to have made
this contribution toward human jjrogress.
We now realize that kindness, trustful-
ness and love are the wonder workers
which alone can regenerate the fallen. We
at last realize that we must touch the
heart and capture the mind in order to
secure confidence and co-operation from
those whom we are seeking to help.

Humane education should be considered
an essential part of modern culture. W^e
cannot too largely estimate the value of
the study of humanity in a liberal edu-
cation. This point of view must soon be
recognized everywhere. It is not merely
a recognition of "the cost of cruelty" to
which attention should be called, but the
fact that humanity and injustice to the
weak constitute the fundamental ground-
work upon which our modern civilization
is founded. ' '

This address was the introduction
to the programme of the children's
section of the conference.




Judge William li. De Lacy, of the
Juvenile Court of Washington, D. C,
spoke extemporaneously and most in-
terestingly on the practical value of
juvenile courts. His speech was based
upon his own personal observations
and deductions made in studying con-
ditions in the court over which he

Representing his father, Commo-
dore Elbridge T. Gerry, of New York,
Mr. Peter Goelet Gerry read a paper
on the subject of "Child Reforma-
tion," detailing in a clear and descrip-
tive way the policy of changing the
conditions that contribute delinquency
and dependenc}' among children,
adopted by the Gerry Society. This
society was the first child protective
agency in the v\'orld, and is today a
great practical power for good.

A paper prepared by Takashi Sa-
nagi, prison commissioner of the De-
partment of Justice of Japan, was sur-
prisingly educational in that it re-
vealed the superiority of the prisons
and reform schools of the Orient over
those of the Occident. An extract
from the paper reads :

"We give minor offenders in Japan
work, with special attention to the health
and fnture of the prisoners. The object is
to cultivate their minds, not to punish
them. The children receive educational
courses. Those who have gone to school
are given short courses, but all have some
kind of educational work. Special teach-
ers are employed in most of the jail-schools,
but in the smaller ones the chaplains do
the teaching.

' ' One notable fact brought out in our
investigations is that most of the children
who get into trouble are illiterate. In
1908 only 13.4 per cent of the children
from 16 to 20 years of age who were in our
prisons had had any education, and only
*i.6 per cent of the cliildren under 16
years of age had been to school.

"Juvenile offenders are segregated in
special jails and wear a uniform different
from that of adult prisoners.

"Tlie health, length of sentence, and
aptitude of the immates are considered in
mapping out an industrial training course,
which is given in addition to a primary
school education. We endeavor to estab-
lish an intimacy between the teachers of
the reformatories and the parents of the
children, in this way hoping to get at the
root of the child's delinquencies."

Hon. Timothy D. Hurley, editor of
Juvenile Court Record, Chicago, III,
addressed the convention on "The Re-
lation of the Humane Society to the
Juvenile Court."

"Tlie .Tuvenile Court Law is recognized
as one of the most beneficient laws ever
passed by man." said Judge Hurley.

' ' To understand the true status of the
Juvenile Court one must be acquainted
with the conditions surrounding the de-
pendent and deliquent cliildren prior to
the year 1899 when the Illinois Juvenile
Court Law was passed, which is conceded
to be the first complete compilation of the
-Juvenile Laws. , The attention of the
law makers for centuries was devoted
solely to the property of the child. The
person of the child, unless he was pos-
sessed of property, was a matter of not
only indifference but sheer neglect on the
part of the State. The child could not
control his own property prior to arriving
at majority, which in the case of girls was
as a rule placed at eighteen and boys at
twenty-one years. When accused, how-
ever, of a crime he was arrested, arraigned,
tried and convicted in the same way as
an adult. The child rarely, if ever, under-
stood the nature or purpose of the pro-
ceeding. He was convicted, however, no

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