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1 1993

I L161— O-1096





A Place of Historic Interest and Beneficient Work


Humane Advocate

Trade-Mark Registered in United States Patent Office, Sept. 17th, A. D. 1907.



No. 1


Historic interest attaches to the
house, now owned and occupied by
The Ilhnois Humane Society, at 1145
South A\'abash Avenue. Chicago. It
is one of the buildings that survived
the great fire of 1871 that swept the
Chicago of 1830 into a field of ashes
from which arose the greater city of

The house was erected in 1857 by
Mr. John L. Wilson, who, together
with his brother, Mr. Charles L. Wil-
son, edited and managed the Chicago
Evening Journal in the davs when it
was known as "The Old Reliable."
Later. ^Ir. C. L. Wilson went to Eng-
land as Secretary to the American Le-
gation at the Court of Saint James,
while the brother remained as editor
of the Journal. The house was well
and substantially built, being con-
structed of the' best materials and
planned and executed by honest work-
men. It was built on dimension stones,
forming a bed-of-rock foundation,
with two-foot walls ; and stands today,
after fifty-five years, as a character-
istic expression of the accuracy, thor-
oughness and honesty of the man
Toiin L. Wilson. The architect was
Edward Burling. At the time the
house was built ^^'abash Avenue was
a dirt road running south over the
open prairie and Harmon Court was
the city limits ; a line of stages ran
south to that street and, later, car
tracks carrying "bob cars"' were put
through on Wabash Avenue.

During the time that Mr. Wilson
and his family — a representative one
of much social distinction — occupied
the homestead, many people of note
crossed its threshold and broke bread
at its hospitable board. Among the
interesting guests a few should have
special mention : one of these was
Richard J. Oglesby. made Governor
of Illinois in 1865. a picturesque
character of striking appearance,
noted for gallantry during the re-
bellion, effective oratory, homely
expression, broad vernacular and
public service. He was a warm
personal friend of Mr. Wilson and
a frequent visitor in his home, — so
frequent, in fact, that a room was kept
in readiness for his particular use.
When asked by Mr. Wilson in what
color he would like to have his room
decorated, he replied, "Oh, just pun-
kin yellow." And "punkin yellow"
it was with all the glory of the sunset,
to please the man who will always be
remembered for his immortal sonnet
to the corn-fields of Illinois.

Perhaps the most celebrated per-
sonage to be entertained in the old
house was the man who stands in the
front rank of the world's great cap-
tains, the conqueror of the most
terrible insurrection in the history of
war — General Grant. A particularly
notable occasion was a dinner given
in his honor, in 1868, which was one
of the brilliant social events of the
time. The dinner was served in the



elegant basement dining room of the
house — now the Society's lecture hall
— and is vividly recalled by Mrs.
Henry W. Farrar and Mrs. James B.
Barnet (Laura M. and Daisy Wil-
son), daughters of Mr. John L. Wil-
son, residing in Chicago at the present

Another visitor of international
fame in the artistic world was Ole
Bull, the Norwegian violinist. He
loved to tell of his first visit to Fort
Dearborn — the embryo Chicago —
when it was a small village dropped
down in a vast mud-hole, with nothing
to indicate its future greatness. Dur-
ing- his second concert tour in
America he and his violin several
times visited in the Wilson home. If
walls could talk how much those in
the old house could tell of this giant
man of magnificent presence, erect as
a pine, with his strong- but gentle face
framed in a halo of flowing hair ; and
if they could sing, what wonderful
music they would reproduce in echo
of the magic tones his bow swept from
the strings.

The Wilson family continued to
live in the house until 1870, when
another chapter was to be added to
its life story. Shortly after the Chi-
cago fire, when the city was under the
military control of the United States
soldiery for the preservation of prop-
erty, peace and order. General Sheri-
dan, who was in command, secured
the Wilson house at $5000 per year
rental, as army headquarters. Thus
into the old house strode "the wizard
of the battle field" — General Sheridan
— the hero of the famous twenty mile
ride to Winchester, the man "combin-
ing the restlessness of a Hotspur with
the patience of a Fabius, the ingenuity
of a Hannibal, the dash of a Murat
and the courage of a Nev."

Altogether the old house is rich in
associations. The scenes of the past
come back like the memory of some

medieval jjainted window, with the
light of years streaming through, so
far away do they seem from the pres-
ent environment, so hidden in the ro-
mance of days gone by.

In 1893 a group of generous men
and women purchased the Wilson
house and presented it as a gift to
The Illinois Humane Society. These
kind friends were : Florence Lathrop
Field, Caroline E. Haskell, Marshall
Field, Silas B. Cobb, Philip D. Ar-
mour, Thomas Murdock, John G.
Shortall, William A. Fuller, T. B.
Blackstone, John L. Shortall, John C.
Dore, A. C. Bartlett, N. H. and Anwd
May (Anna L. Wilson), George
Schneider, O. S. A. Sprague, Barbara
Armour, George Pullman, Estates of
Mancel and Mary Talcott and Estates
of Charles and Anna Brown. This
building has been the home of the So-
ciety from that time to this.

The Illinois Humane Society had
been organized in 1869 as a protective
agency to save animals from the atro-
cious cruelties that were being coni-
monly practiced upon them. This
organized work for the ])revention of
cruelty to animals brought so man}-
cases of cruelty to children to the at-
tention of the Society that it soon
extended its work to include the pro-
tection of children. At the time there
was no other public society to which
children could ap])eal for help from
the cruelty and demoralization engen-
dered by neglect, abuse and abandon-
ment ; this is hard to realize in these
present days when numerous charity
societies, children's homes, settlement
houses, industrial schools, juvenile
courts and scores of individuals are
all working for the welfare of the

Edwin Lee Brown was the So-
ciety's first president ; John C. Dore,
second ; Richard P. Derickson, third ;
John G. Shortall, fourth, being re-
elected to the presidency for twenty-


nine consecutive years ; John L. Short-
all succeeded his father as fifth presi-
dent ; Walter Butler was the sixth ;
and John L. Shortall is the seventh
and presiding president. Mr. John Cj.
Shortall was one of the prime factors
in the establishing of the work and
was personally and actively identified
with it for over forty years, contribut-
ing of his thought, time, energy and
money. He created strong sentiment
in favor of humane work and inter-
ested many people to give it sympa-
thetic and financial support. He
founded The American Humane As-
sociation, a national federation of
humane societies in the United
States. During the World's Fair
in 1893, he presided over an in-
ternational humane congress ; this
was the first international meet-
ing of humane workers ever held,
and was the introduction into humane
work of the system of organization,
which, in the history of all great
movements, has been the means of
harnessing scattered energy into a
working unit. The last international
humane convention was held in Wash-
ington, D. C, in 19 10. Dr. William
(J. Stillman, President of The Amer-
ican Humane Association, presided
over the meeting, and delegates were
present representing twenty-nine for-
eign countries and every one of the
United States.

The Illinois Humane Society is an
agent for the prevention of cruelty
to both children and animals, having
legal jurisdiction throughout the state
of Illinois. In addition to the home
office in Chicago it has branch socie-
ties or special agents in 8r counties,
and through these and independently
can render service in any section of
the state. The Society is a charitable
organization, not conducted for pecu-
niary profit, and is supported by the
income from its endowment fund,
membership fees and dues and contri-

butions. It is governed by a lx>ard of
directors, a president, two vice-presi-
dents, a secretary and treasurer and an
executive committee, according to its
by-laws. It has a substantial list of
members; governing life, governing,
honorary, annual, life and branch
members. It has a staff of workers ;
a superintendent, an attorney, an edi-
tor, a force of special humane officers,
several stenographers, an ambulance
department, a fountain department,
and a house officer and matron who
reside in the Society's building.

It is difficult to define the exact
work of the Society for the reason
that it is of so varied a character,
covering so many phases of cruelty
and circumstance, that it must needs
deal with all kinds and conditions
of cases in as many different ways.
In all cases not within its par-
ticular province where actual cruelty
is not involved, and frequently where
cruelty is involved, this Society works
in close co-operation with the various
relief societies engaged in other
branches of child-saving work. It is
worthy of comment that this same
hearty spirit of mutual helpfulness
exists between the local and foreign
humane societies, enabling them to
do effective work in all parts of the
world. ,

The technical report of work car-
ried on by the Society, published from
time to time in the Humane Advocate,
indicates the varied character of the
complaints that come to its attention.
Such a report does not show the
complete results as it cannot include
the indirect benefits that accrue from
the publication of the Society's
monthly magazine and its free lecture
courses on humane subjects. During
the life of the Society it has rescued
over 31,260 children from cruel abuse
or vicious environment and relieved
over T 00,000 suffering animals.



While the Society earnestly strives
to caution and instruct all those per-
sons who commit cruelties through
thoughtlessness or ignorance, it prose-
cutes to the full extent of the law in
all cases of intentional and flagrant
cruelty where there is evidence to do
so. It believes that beyond a certain
point, leniency ceases to be a virtue,
and that the power of the law must
then be invoked to preserve the right-
ful interests of humanity. It is, there-
fore, both a preventive and a punitive
agency, imposing moral and legal re-
straint. In resorting to the law and
the courts to take children from the
custody of brutal parents to save them
from physical and moral injury, or to
punish owners of animals who cruelly
neglect or mistreat them, the Society
is exercising corrective measures: It
employs instructive means by admon-
ishing' the thoughtless, teaching the
ignorant, conducting a lecture course
on practical subjects pertaining to
child and animal welfare, waging the
enactment of humane laws, furthering
humane education in the schools, or-
ganizing branch humane societies and
publishing a monthly magazine de-
voted to humane interests.

Three distinctly practical features
of the work merit special mention ;
namely, the ambulance department,
the lecture course and the street foun-
tain work. This ambulance service
provides for the humane transporta-
tion of sick and injured animals on
the streets of Chicago and offers relief
to animals in distress. Years ago the
Society recognized the importance of
providing means for the removal of
disabled "animals. Its first ambulance
was presented by one of its directors,
Mr. Ferdinand W. Peck.

In 1907 the Society established a
free school of instruction, consisting
of practical lectures on various sub-
jects pertaining to the humane care of

children and animals. Similar courses
have been planned and conducted each
succeeding year with unbroken regu-
larity. These lectures, oftentimes
illustrated by practical demonstrations
and stereopticon moving pictures,
are delivered by experienced men, in
the Society's lecture hall, and are free
to the public ; they cover a wide range
of subjects and are proving of prac-
tical, economic, humane and educa-
tional value.

Since 1877 the Society has been
actively engaged in furnishing public
drinking fountains ; and considers
this one of the most practical and
humane features of its work. After
much experimentation it adopted a
fountain that was simple in construc-
tion, inexpensive and serviceable. It
provides for a continuous flow of
water which supplies an aluminum
bubbling cup for people, a large oval
basin for horses and two lower ones
for small animals. Over sixty of
these fountains are in operation on
the streets of Chicago at the present
time, and many more have been
shipped to the suburbs and to other
cities in this and other states. Many of
these fountains have been erected at
the recjuest and expense of benevolent
people who have become specially in-
terested in this refreshing branch of
humane work. The installation of a
practical public drinking fountain is
a continuous benefaction to humanity.

This is but an outline of the work
of this Society whose home is built
upon "dimension stones" and its work
upon those of justice and truth ; it is
but an integral part of that social
beneficence known as the Humane
Movement, which, in its full strength
in the United States, last year alone,
cared for the interests of 200,000 chil-
dren and over a million and a c^uarter


INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA, October, 14, IS, 16, 1912


The thirty-sixth annual meeting of the American Humane Association
was called to order by President William O. Stillman, in the Palm room of
the Claypool Hotel, Indianapolis. This hall is on the roof of the hotel and was
a particularly fortunate selection, as it is light and airy and commands a sweep-
ing view of the city.

Reverend F. S. C. Wieks, of Indianapolis, offered the opening prayer,
after which a communication was read from Air. Elbridge T. Gerry, who
wrote from Paris.

The President appointed as a Committee on Registration : Dr. Ainsworth
and Mr. Ziemendorf. Committee on Publicity and Child Work were also

A telegram from ^ir. Robert G. Parr, Director of the National Society for
the prevention of Cruelty to Children, was read, in which the great English
Children's Society sent cordial greetings to the American Humane Association.

President C. F. Surface, of the Indianapolis Society, made a brief ad-
dress of welcome.

We quote in part :

Mr. Wilson f^aid in his address before the Convention Congress in session here that
"A Nation is only as great as the things it accomplishes." This is trne of states and
municii^alities, of individuals and of organizations such as is here represented. A Nation
does not attain to its greatest stature in the true sense so long as its affairs are turned
over solely to its paid rejiresentatives. The people themselves must take a patriotic
interest in its managmient and unless they do the men who are employed to manage for
them will soon he managing for themselves.

Dr. Stillman said last year at San Francisco, "Every law is a failure unless
backed by public sentiment. ' ' He also said then, ' ' When we have reached the point
w^here humane officers are appointed as a rew^ard for party services we may as well
say a long farewell to that generous enthusiasm, to those high ideals, to that consecra-
tion to the cause of humanity, and to that spirit of loyal devotion and ethical integrity
which have marked the history of our crusade thus far."

Work such as this to reach its highest point of efficiency must be conducted with
a whole-souled, large-hearted, sympathy-filled, humanity-loving purpose, by people who
do the work because they love it and because they believe it is right, and not because
it is a duty or because it will bring a great name or great honor or financial reward.

That great results have been and are being accomplished by The American
Humane Association and its affiliated local societies all over the country, it is necessary
only to note the effect of aggressive and energetic work in any community. Multii^ly
this by the number of active organizations throughout the United States and com-
prehend if yo\i can the result.

To make the work of the local organizations really effective, it must be backed
up by a great central organization such as is here represented, which has a nation-
wide influence and which can make its impress felt in the councils of the great law-
making body of the Nation


At the close of his address he introduced Hon. S. L. Shank, Mayor of
the City, who, irt a witty speech, gave a cordial welcome to the visiting dele-
gates. He spoke in warm praise of the Indianapolis Humane Society and the
practical work it is accomplishing. He concluded by inviting the entire con-
vention to take an automobile trip through the city the following day, which
elicited enthusiastic applause.

Dr. Stillman then made his annual address, excerpts from which follow :

The humane movement received its charter and its justification from the
greatest leaders wliich the world has known. Nineteen hundred years ago Jesus Christ
said, "Blessed are the merciful." Not two generations ago one of the greatest of
Americans, Abraham Lincoln, said, "The love of humanity is the foundation of all
the virtues." Let us reverently try to realize the full opportunities of this great cause.

A wonderful wave of interest is sweeping around the world. It centers on the
little children of the earth. This age has sometimes been called the "Era of the
Child." Their wants and their needs, their sufferings and their sadness, their health
and physical vigor, their deficiencies and education and defects in character are
receiving the closest attention of trained observers everywhere. The world is begin-
ning to realize the truth of the old saying that the child is the best asset which a
nation possesses. All this attention to the child has been developed since the first
Society for the Prevention of Crueltv to Children was organized in New York City
in 1874.

There is far less cruelty and neglect than formerly, but there is an enormous
amount that remains to be done. Our societies for the protection of children were
never more needed than at the j)resent time.

Americans may well feel proud that the modern movement in behalf of children
originated in this country. It is also gratifying to know that the first juvenile courts
and child probation were instituted here, and that an American, Dr. F. C. Wines,
founded the International Prison Congress which has performed such a notable world-
wide work in reforming bad conditions in prisons and reformatories, and instituting
modern methods which are really reforming both juvenile and adult criminals rather
than breeding or exterminating them. The First International Humane Congress was
held in the United States, in Chicago, during 1893. It is well that we should remember,
not as a matter of pride, but of gratitude rather, these milestones in humanitarian

Sympathy is the key that fits the lock of every heart. We should remember the
genuine reforms for delinquents, both juvenile and adult, to be successful, must be
based upon the divine injunction of "Love one another." As Abraham Lincoln once
said, "Human blood is of the same color." When a man kicks a child, he kicks bru-
tality into his own soul. An oun.ce of humane education is worth more than two-hun-
dred pounds of policeman. A fence at the top of a precipice is better than an amlju-
lance at the bottom.

Humane education — that is, cultivation in humanity — is the missing ingredient in
civilized culture today. Just as altruism has developed all that is greatest and best in
our social ideals of the present, so education in humanity applies altruism to our every-
day life. Humane education means something more than not to steal birds' eggs and
l\ill the feathered house-holders; something more than not to be brutal to household pets
and wild or domestic animals. It means that children should be taught a real considera-
tion for the rights of others; should learn to practice justice and fair play toward all,
and the practical application of the golden rule to man and beast. It means that kind-
ness and mercy shall be made the corner stones of national character. With such in-
struction as this, made a part of the inner consciousness of the school child of this
generation, we shall have more conscience in business, more justice in international rela-
tions, more kindness in human fellowship and better citizenship everywhere.

Societies for the prevention of cruelty to children were organized for the purpose
of extending legal protection to children who were being dejarived of their rights. The
states have, as a rule, chartered the societies for this purpose only. We earnestly be-
lieve in all reputable organizations which are combating vice and working for the public


good. Our societies are speeializiug in child and animal protection, mainly from the
legal point of view. Other organizations are specializing according to their aims.

We believe that the special function of our society for the prevention of cruelty
lies in the direction of the neglected child in order to compel better home conditions;
in the direction of the abused child in order to give it protection and reform its en-
vironment; in the direction of the delinquent child by readjusting its social relations
and in giving it a better chance in life. "We are concerned with the health, life and
morals of our junior citizens. Our motto is "fair play." Our method is direct inter-
vention. Our policy is persuasion if possible; compulsion if necessary. Our aim is
better citizenship. Our reward is social righteousness.

In the animal department of anti-cruelty work I am thankful to say that great
progress has been made and a vast amount of good is being done.

A humane expert has estimated that the United States loses 200,000,000 dollars
annually through mistreatment of cattle; also, 200,000,000 dollars from the neglect and
abuse of horses; also, 15,000,000 dollars because of unsanitary quarters and improper feed-
ing of cows; while the loss resulting from the destruction of birds which protect our
trees and our crops amounts annually to 800,000,000 dollars. These questions deserve
consideration from their commercial importance as well as because of their inhumanity
and I earnestly commend them to your candid study.

Be just for justice is righteousness, and the chief end of the law. Be merciful
for mercy saves, and is the fulfilment of the reign of love. Be kind, for kindness is
love made manifest. Mercy redeems justice and. kindness cements all life. It is the
world's spiritual bond of union.

Mr. Thomas B. ^laymon. secretary of the Rhode Island S. P. C. C. of
Providence, R. I., then read a paper on "The Dehnquent Child Problem,"
which we quote in part :

The most important step the State can take in the treatment of child offenders and
victims of bad environment and neglect is the establishment of suitable institutions
where, under professional treatment and care, the mental defectives of this class may be,
if possible, cured and saved to useful citizenship if taken in time, which must be before
the child has passed the period of adolescence. About twenty-five per cent of delin-
quents are said to be mentally defective.

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