Illinois State Board of Health.

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which was a member of the medical profession, but who refused to brinfir the measure
before the leidslative body.



DELAWARE.

Population, 146 608. Number of physicians, 217. Number of inhabitants to each
physician, 675.

An Act to Be^ruiate the Practice of Medicine In the State of Delaware.

Be It enacted by the Senate and House of Bepresentatives of the State of Delaware
in General Assembly met :

Section 1. That it shall not be lawful for any person to practice medicine or sur^rery
in this State who has not graduated with the degree of Doctor of Medicine and received a
diploma from some medical college authorized to grant diplomas: Provided, that the
provisions of this section shall not apply to persons who have been eight years in con-
tinuous practice in this State or who are now. or may hereafter be authorized by the
Board of Medical Examiners or this State, as prescribed in Ohap. 37. Sec. 3 of the Bevised
Code of thn State or Delaware. (The Medical Board of Examiners shall be composed of
as many fellows as the Society shall deem proper. The said Society shall appoint its own
president and SGcr«tary and shall have power to grant licenses under their signatures for



such licenses to any person applying therefor who shall produce a diploma D*om a
respectable medical college, or shall upon full and impartial examination be found quali-
fied for such practice.)

§ 2. That any person who shall practice or attempt to practice medicine or surgery,
or shall prescribe for any sick person or persons or perform any surgical operation for fee
or reward, in violation of Sec. 1 of this act, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and
upon conviction thereof in any court of competent jurisdiction shall be fined in a sum of
not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars for each and every
offense, at the dist^-etion of the court, one half of said fine to be for the use of the informer,
and the oth«r half for the use of The State Board of Health.

§ 3. Anv person who shall attempt to practice medicine or surgery by opening a
transient office within this State, or who shall by hand bills or other form of written or
printed matter or advertisement assign such trausirtnt office or place to meet persons
seeking medical or surgical advice or prescription, shall, before being allowed to practice
as aforesaid, appear, before the clerk of the peace of any of the counties of this State and
furnish to him satisfactory evidence that the provisions of Sec. 1 of tliis act have been
complied with: the said clerk of the peace shall thereupon issue to the person so applying
a license to practice medicine and surgery in any of trie counties of this StAt«, provided,
that the person so applying shall pay or cause to be paid to the said clerk of the peace as
a license fee the sum of two hundred dollars per annum for suld privilege.

§ 4. The provisions of this act shall not apply to physicians who are regular practi-
tioners of any other State, coming into this State, in consultation.

§ 5. That within ninety days after the pa«-'sage of this act every physician engaged in
the practice of medicine or surgery in this State, shall register with the clerk of the peace
of the county in which he resides, his name, date of graduation, and the college from
which ho was graduated: and make oath or affirmation that the diploma or certificate of
his qualification to practice, which he is hereby required to exhibit to the clerk of the
peace, is a bona fide diploma or certificate, and conferred upon him by the institution
named therein; or that he has been a practitioner of medicine and surgery for eight years
or more. Any person hereafter engaging in the practice of medicine or surgery in this
State shall be required to register as above. Any one failing to comply with the pro-
. visions of this section shall forfeit the sum of ton dollars, to be collected by the clerk of
the peace before any justice of the county, in the name of the State of Delaware, and all
sums collected shall be appropriated as follows: One-half to the clerk of the peace, and
one-half to be paid by him to the county treasurer for county purposes.

§ 6. That all acts or parts of acts inconsistent herewith, are hereby repealed.

Passed April 19, 1883.



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»

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

Population, 177 624. Number of physicians. 423. Number of inhabitants to each
physician, 419.

An Act to Revise, -with Amendments, an Act to Incorporate the Medical Society of the
District of Columbia.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of
America in Congress assembled :

Section 1. That Frederick May, M. D.. Alexander Mc Williams, M. D., and twenty
others, and such other persons as tngy may from time to time elect, and their successors,
are hereby declared to be a community, corporation and body politic, forever, or until
Congress shall by law direct this charter to cease and determine, by and under the name
and title of the Medical Society of the District of Columbia; and by and under the same
name and title they shall be able and capable in law to purchase, takja, have, and enjoy,
to them and their successors, in fee or for lease, estate or estates, any land, tenements,
rents, annuities, chattels, bank stock, refiristered debts, or other public securities within
the District, by the f^ift. bargain, sale, or demlAe, of any person or persons, bodies politic
or corporate, capable to make the same, and the same, at their pleasure to alien, sell,
transfer, or lease and applf, to such purposes as they may adjudge most conducive to the
promoting and disseminating medical and surgical knowledge, and for no other purpose
whatever: Provided, nevertheless, that the said society or body politic shall not, at any
one time, hold or possess property, real, personal, or mixed, exceeding in total value the
sum of six thousand dollars per annum.

_, I 2. That the membors of the said society above designated, shall hold, in the.city of
Washington, two stated meetings in every year, viz: on the first Mondays in January and
July; the ofBcersof the society to consist of a president, two vice-presidents, one cor-
responding secretary, one recording secretary, one treasurer, ana one librarian, who
shall be appointed on the first Monday in July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-
eight and on the annual meeting in January forever thereafter, and who shall hold their
offices for one year, and until others are chosen in their stead, (not less than seven mem-
bers being present at such meeting); and the society may make a common seal and may
elect into their body such medical and chirurgicnl practitioners, within the District of
Columbia, ns they may deem qualified to become members of the Society, it being under-
stood that the offle»*rs of the society now elected arfe to remain in office until the next
election after the passage of this act.

S 3. That it shall and may be lawful for the said medical society, or any members of
them att,endlng, (not less than seven) to elect by ballot five persons residents of the Dis-
trict of Columbia, whose duty ft shall be to grant licenses to such medical and chirurgical
gentlemen as they may, upon a full examination, judge qualified to practice the medical
and chirurgical arts, or as may produce a diploma from some respectable medical college
or society, each person so obtaining a certificate to pay a sum, not exceeding ten dollars,
to be fixed on or ascertained by the society.

5 4. That any three of the examiners shall constitute a board for examining such
candidates as may apply, and shall subscribe their names to each certificate by them

granted, which certificate shall also be countersigned by the president of the society, and
ave the seal of the society affixed thereto by the secretary, upon paying into the hands
of the treasurer the sum of money to be ascertained as above by the society; and any one
of the said examiners may grant a license to practice until a board in conformity to this
act can be held: Frovided, that nothing herein contained shall authorize the said cor-
poration in anywise to regulate the practice of medical or chirurgical attendance on such
persons as mav need those services, nor to establish or fix a tarlft of charges or lees for
medical attendance or advice.

I 6. That after the appointment of the aforesaid medical board, no person not
heretofore a practitioner of medicine or surgery within the Di^-trfct of Columbia,
shall be allowed to practice within the said District, in either <»f Kuid branches, without
first having obtained a license, testified as by this law directed, or the production of
a diploma from a respectable medical college or a board of examiners established by
law: /VotJirfed. that the professors in such college, or the examiners In such board, be
men regularly instructed in medicine and surgery, and the collateral branches of medical
education, anatomy, chemistry, under the penalty of fifty dollars for each olTense. to be
recovered in the county court, where he may reside, by bill of presentment and indict-
ment, one-half for the use of the society, and the other for that of the informer.

§ 6. That every person who, upon application, shall be elected a member of the med-
ical society, shall pay a sum not exceeding ten dollars, to be ascertained by the society.

I 7. That the medical society be. and they are hereby, empowered from time to
time to make such by-laws, rules and regulations as they may find requisite, which
bv-laws, rules and regulations shall, in their application and operation, be ex-
clusively confined to said society, as a society or body corporate, and not to its mem-
bers individually, when not acting in a corporate character; to break or alter their
common seal; to fix the times and places for the meetings of the boards of examiners:
filling up vacancies in the medical board; and to do and perform such other things as
may be requisite for carrying this act into execution, aud which may not be repugnant to
the Constitution and laws of the United States: Provided, always, that it shall and may
be lawful for any person, resident as aforesaid, and not prohlbitea as aforesaid, when spe-
cially sent for, to come into any part of this district, and administer or prescribe medi-
cine, or perform any operation for the relief of such, to whose assistance he may be sent
for: And provided also, that nothing in this act contained shall be so construed a«4 to
prevent any person, living within or without said District, from administering medicine
or performing any surgical operation, with the consent of the person or the attendants of



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the person to whom such medicine is administered, or upon whom such surffloal opera-
tion is performed, without fee or reward; nor to prevent the living advice or assistance
in any way to the sick or afflicted, upon charity and kindness: nor to prevent the receipt
of reward tor the same, if voluntarily tendered or made; nor to extend to midwifery by



And be It further provided. That no person shall be admitted to an examination until he
shall produce satisfactory evidence that he has studied physic and surgery three years,
inoludinf? one full course of medical lectures, as usually taught at medical schools, or
four years without such a course of lectures.

f 8. That Congress may at any time alter, amend or annul this act of incorporation of
said society at pleasure.

Approved July 7, 1838.

Dr. John S. BiLLTNas, Burgeon, U. B. A., writes: "There are a certain number of
quacks, abortionists, etc.. in the District, but as their prosecution would be troublesome,
and it appears to be nobody's business in particular to initiate proceedings, nothing is
done."

Dr. G. L. Maobudeb. treasurer of the society, writes: "The only law that exists in
this District in regard to the practice of medicine and surgery, is contained in the act in-
corporating the medical society. It seems to have been inefficient;, from the fact that no
one has been especially designated to enforce it. I can not learn of any trial ever having
taken place.

"About three years «in6e..an uaeuccessful attempt was made to get a bill passed by
Congress to regulate the practice of medicine, and there has been no renewal of the
effort. - About two hundred of the four hundred and nineteen physicians in the District
are members of the medical association."



National MEDicAii Colleqb, Medical Depabtuent Columbian Univbbsitt.
Washington, D. C. (Pop. U7 29^.)

Organized in 1821 as to the Medical Department of Columbian College. It was also
authorized to use the title of National Medical College. In 1878 Columbian College became
Columbian University. The first class was graduated in 1822. Operations were suspended
from 1834 to 1838. and from 1861 to 1863. With these exceptions.olasses have been graduated
each year since its founding.— The faculty embraces seven professors and four demon-
strators.

Ooubse of Instbuction: One graduating course of twenty weeks' duration, and one
spring course of eight half weeks' duration annually.— Lectures embrace anatomy, phy-
siology, histology, pathology, materia me Jica. therapeutics, chemistry, surgery, obstet-
rics and theory and practice of medicine, with ample opportunity for bed-side instruction.

Requibements: For admission, none.— For graduation: (1) "candidates must have at-
tended three courses of lectures" and have passed examinations at the end of the second
and third years: (2) three years' study; (8) good moral character: (4) twenty- one /ears of
age; (SJdissected at least two sessions: (6) have attended two courses of clinical instruc-
tion. Examinations are both oral and written.

Fees: Matriculation (paid once only), $5; lectures, $100; demonstrator, $10. Graduation,
$30. i. et, examinations, primary. $20, final, $10.

Students : Number of matriculates and of graduates at each session reported, and
percentages of graduates to matriculates—



Session.


Matriculates.


Graduates.


Percent.


1877-78


53


6


11.3


1878-79


55


11


20.


1879-80


56


8


14.3


1880-8)


44


5


11.3


1881-82


52


8


15.4


1882-83


79


10


12.6



Average percent, of graduates to matriculates during the past six yQaxs, fourteen.

Number of Illinois students during the past year, 6.

Number of graduates in Illinois, 8,

Remabks: Db. A. F. A. Kino, Dean, writes: "The faculty have recently adopted a
resolution requiring a preliminary examination before matriculation, but the details
could not be arranged to go into operation soon enough for our annual announcement."

Medical Depabtment op the Univebsity op Geoboetown.

Washington, D.C.

Organized in 1850. The first class was graduated in 1851. Classes have been gradu-
ated each subsequent year since.— The faculty embraces six professors, two clinical pro-
fessors and two lecturers.



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Session.


Matriculates.


Graduates.


1877-78


40


4


1878^79


S8


6


1879-80


54


13


1880-81


48


5


1881-82


SO


7


1882-83


27


4



47

CouBSE OF Instbugtion: One annual course of thirty weeks* duration! graded course
extending over three years.— Lectures embrace, first year, anatomy, physiology, materia
medica and chemistry; second year, anatomy, physiolosry, materia medica, chemistry,
pathology and diagnosis— medical, surgical and obstetrical— ophthalmology, laryngology^
otology, diseases of children, hygiene and medical jurisprudence: third year, same as
second. Examination at the close of each year. Daily quizzes by the faculty. Hospital
and dispensary clinics.

Bequibememts: For admission, none.— For graduation: (1) good moral character; (2>
twenty-one years of age; (3) not less than three years' study; (4) three full courses of in-
struction; (5) two courses of practical anatomy; (6) two courses of clinical instruction;
(7) pass all examinations with required (65) percentage.

Fees: Matriculation, <paid but once,) (5; full course of lectures, $100: demonstrator. $10.

Students : Number of matriculates and of graduates at each session reported, and
percentages of graduates to matriculates-
Percent,
10-
16 —
24 +
11.6
23.3
16-

Average percentage of graduates to matriculates during the past six years, seventeen^

Number of graduates in Illinois, 15.

Remabks: Attendance on recitations is obligatory; a record is kept and each student
credited at the end of each course.



MsDiOAii Depabtment of Howabd Umivbbsitt.

Washington. D. C.

Organized in 1867. The first class graduated in 1871, and classes have graduated each
subsequent year.— The faulty embraces nine professors and two demonstrators.

GouBSE OF Instbugtion: One annual graduating course of twenty weeks' duration.
—The course is graded, extending over three sessions in different years.— Lectures em-
brace anatomy, physiology, chemistry, materia medica. therapeutics, obstetrics, hygiene^
Sractice of medicine, surgery, diseases of women and children and medical jurispru-
ence. The instruction comprises lectures, recitations, clinics and practical exercises.

Bequibehents: For matriculation, (a) ^ood moral character; (b) sufficient knowledge
of Latin language to read and write prescriptions and understand medical terms; (c) pass
an examinationln ordinary English branches.— For graduation: (1) twenty- one years of
age; (2) three years' study, including three courses oilectures; (3) attended clinical lec-
tures and dissections; (4) written and oral examination on required branches; (5) thesis-
on original observation.

Fees: Matriculation. $10; demonstrator. $6; incidental expenses, $15; graduating, $30.

Students : Number of matriculates and of graduates at each session reported, and
percentages of graduates to matriculates—



Session.


Matriculates.


Graduates.


Percent.


l»77-78


26


9


34 +


1878-79


30


10


33 +


1879-80


31


13


42-


1880-81


81


13


16 +


1881-82


91


16


17 +


1882-83


87


31


35 +



Average percent, of graduates to matriculates during the past six years, twenttf'Seven^

Number of graduates in Illinois. 1.

Bemabks: "This college is free to all, without regard to sex or race, who are desirous
of pursuing the studv of medicine and are qualified therefor by good moral character^
proper age and suitable education."



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FLORIDA.

Population, 269 499. Number of pbyBicianp, 374. Number of inhabitants to each phy-
sician, 720.

An Act to Kecrulate the Practice of Medicine in the State of Florida.

The People of the State of Florida, represented In Senate and Assembly, do enact as
follows :

Section 1. There shall be appointed by the Governor of this State six boards of
medical examiners, consistinir of not less than three nor mo^e than five practitioners
of medicine, of acknowledged skill and experience, and of five years' practice in this
State, said boards to be located resptsctively at Tallahassee, Jacksonville, Pensacola, Key
West, Ocala and Tampa, whose duty it shall be to carefully examine any and all persons
not ^aduates of medicine, who have not heretofore practiced medicine in this State, who
may hereafter propose to practice medicine, sureery or obstetrics in this State, and, if
found competent to practice the same, said boards shall issue a certificate to that purport
to such person, wtiich certificate shall be recorded in the office of the clerk of the circuit
court of each county where the person receiving it may practice.

I 2. The examination by the boards thus appointed shall include the branches of
anatomy, operative and minor surgery, obstetrics, diseases of women and children, and
the general laws of health.

I S. The said board of medical examiners shall be allowed to charge and receive the
sum of five dollars for each person so examined, to be paid upon receipt of certificate of
competency oy the party examined.

§ 4. That from and after the passage and approval of this act. any person who shall
commence the practice of medicine, surgery or obstetrics in this State without having
first obtained such certificate and recorded the same, as provided for In section 1 of this
act. shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be pun-
ished by fine not exceeding two hundred dollars nor less than fifty dollars, or imprisoned
in the county jail not exceeding six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment, at the
discretion of the court: provided, thatthe provisions of this act shall not be construed as
applying to physicians or surgeons temporarily in the State when sent for to perform sur-
gical operations or for consultation, or to women commonly known and designated as
^midwives;" provided further, that this act shall not apply to physicians now in this
State.

§ 5. Said board may adopt such rules and regulations as to examinations and certifi-
cates as they may deem proper, not inconsistent with the constitution and laws of this
State.

5 6. All laws in conflict with the provisions of this act be and the same are hereby re-
pealed.

Approved March 7, 1881.

The 4th subsection of section 11. General Revenue Laws, provides that lawyers, doe-
tors, dentists, druggists and photographers shall pay for license tax, ten dollars ($10) an-
nually.



Medical Dbpabtmknt op Flobida Univebsitt.

Tallahassee College of Medicine and Surgery.

Tallahassee. Fla. (Pop., 2494.)

Organized in 1853. The faculty embraces six professors.

CouBSE OF Instbuction : One term of sixteen weeks' duration annually. Lectures
embrace anatomy, surgery, institutes and theory and practice of medicine, orthopedic
surgery and medical jurisprudence. The college possesses a "human skeleton and dis-
sected preparations, such as will make the labors of the dissecting-room less disagree-
able."

Requibements ; For admission, none.— For graduation. **Any suitable person of any
school of medicine that can stand a thorough examination by the faculty, and who re-
ceives the vote of the regents of the University, will receive a diploma."

Fees : "Price of the tickets for ali the chairs." $60. "Examination for graduation and
degrees," $25. "Diploma, no charge."

Remabks: The "dean" of this institution is the "Rev. , A.M.. M.D., LL.Dm"

of Adrian, Mich.. Atlanta, Ga., and Tallahassee, Fla,.— of whom it is remarked, in the ofn-
cial announcement of the college, that "The members lof the faculty] all defer compla-
cently to the views and expositions of their dean, who is an elderly and experienced phy-
sician and author in medicine, of extensive works on various branches, whose primary
medical education was allopathic, but who has. for years, been entirely devoted to a re-
form in the healing art, and a reconstruction of the theories of the science of medicine."
In Adrian, the "dean" is a school teacher. In Atlanta, he is advertised to occupy the chairs
of general and special pathology and of medical jurisprudence in the Georgia Eclectic
Medical College. In Tallahassee, he is "Professor Institutes of Medicine and Lecturer
Clinics."



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Extracts from the oirciilar of the Tallahassee Collesre :

"The requirements for w«
tnedlcal oollefires in our cou



"The requirements for graduation are the equivalent of those of the highest order of

dical oollefiree in our country. But. as is known to every one of goodludsment and

experience, no time rule or routine order can be a proper basis for graduation. * * *



"Intellectual power and srood sense are prime factors of professional competency—
these, with proper instruction, without reference to time or form, can alone suffice."

"Candidates for srraduation or decrrees must also be responsible for themselves.*'

"Persons crraduatlnff from this college will be competent to practice medicine on any
of the popular systems."



GEORGIA.

Population, 1 542 180. Number of physicians, 1995. Number of inhabitants to each
physician. 770.

An Act to Begulate the Practice of Medicine in the State of Georgia.

Sbction 1. The General Assembly of Georsrla do enact, That no person shall practice
medicine within this State unless he has been legally authorized so to do. or shall here-
after be authorized so to do, by a diploma from an incorporated medical college, medical
school or university, and by compliance with subsequent sections of this act.

S 2. B6 it further enacted, That, for the purposes of this act. the words "practice
medicine*' shall mean to suggest, recommend, prescribe or direct, for the use of any per-



Online LibraryIllinois State Board of HealthAnnual report of Illinois State Board of Health, Volume 5 → online text (page 16 of 89)