Illinois State Board of Health.

Annual report of Illinois State Board of Health, Volume 5 online

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announcement:

Besolved, That the dean of the faculty, prioi to matriculating any student, shall ascer-
tain by examination, either oral or written, or both, that the applicant has the necessary
prerequisites as published in the announcement.

For graduation: (1) twenty-one years of age; (2) good moral character: (S) three years'
study: (i) two full courses; (5) clinical instruction during one term; (6) dissection of each
region; (7) full and satisfactory examination in each branch.

Fees: Matriculation, $5; lectures. $53; demonstrator, $10; graduation, $25.

8TX7DBNT8 1 Number of matriculates and of graduates at each session reported, and
percentages of graduates to matriculates-
Session. Matriculates. Graduates. Percent
1881-82 25 11 44
1882-83 28 8 38.6

Average percent of graduates to matriculates during the past two yo&ru, forty -one,

St. Joseph Medical College.
St Joseph. Mo.

{Formed by the union of the St. Joseph Hospital Medical College and College of Physicians
and Surgeons of St. Joseph,)

Organized in 1882. The first class was graduated in 1883.— The faculty embraces
twelve professors, three lecturers and one demonstrator.

CouBSE OF Instbuction: One regular course of lectures of nineteen weeks' duration,
annually. Clinics at hospital and dispensary. Three years' graded course recommended,
but not required.— Lectures embrace chemistry, histology, anatomy, therapeutics and
materia medloa. principles and practice of medicine, operative surgery and surgical
pathology, medica jurisprudence, genlto-urinary diseases, gynecology, mental and
nervous diseases, hygiene, dental surgery, diseases of children, surgery, physiology,
obstetrics.

Requibembkts : For admission, none.— For graduation: (1) twenty-one years of age;
('£i good moral character: (3) three years' sndy; (4) two full courses of lectures; (5j dissec-
tion "continuously"; (6) hospital clinics; (7) satisfactory examination on all branches
taught in this college; (8) thesis.

Fees : Matriculation, 15; lectures. $35; demonstrator, $10; graduation. $85.

Students : Number of matriculates and of graduates at each session reported, and
percentage of graduates to matriculates-
Session. Matriculates. Graduates. Percent
1882-83 24 ' 8 33.3
Number of graduates in Illinois. 2.

BsKABES : A second (summerj examination is held for candidates who do not pass an
enUrely satisfactory examination in certain departments, not exceeding three In number.
II they pass these examinations, which are held six months after the regular examina-
tion, "they will be recommended to the board of trustees for the degree."



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102

K1.N81.S CiTT CoXiLBOB HoSPITAIj OF MEDICIME.

Kansas City. Mo.

Oraranized in 1882. The first class was graduated in 1883.— The faculty embraces
eleven professors, two lecturers, and one demonstrator.

GouBBB OF iNSTBUOTioN : One regular term of twenty weeks' duration, annnally.—
Lectures embrace "orthopedic. mlUfary and clinical surgery, and allopatnio materia
medlca" (both by the same professor); gynecology and principles of surgery (ditto); medi-
cal electricity and diseases of nervous system (ditto); diseases of women and children;
obstetrics: ''allopathic theory and practice and clinical medicine"; "homeopathic thera-
peutics and materia medlca and theory and practice'*; anatomy and diseases of
genito-urlnary system (the same professor): diseases of eye, ear and laryngology; phyfsi-
ology and ohemiBtry (the same professor): histology and microscopical anatomy; hernia
ana dermatology (the same professor): and medical jurisprudence.

Rkquirembnts : For admission. (1) eighteen years of age; (2) a good moral charac-
ter: (3) a "preliminary education aud training sufficient to enable him to profitably and
Sroperly engage in the study of medicine."— For graduation: (1) a ffood moral character;
I) twenty-one years of age: (3) two full courses of lectures; (4) satisfactory examination
on all branches taught in the college.

Fbbs : Matriculation. $5; demonstrator, $5; lectures, $90; graduation. $20.

Students : Session of 1882-88. matriculates, 18; graduates. 11. Percent, of gradaates
to matriculates, sixty -one,

Remabss : The following extracts from the last annual announcement are necessary
to a better understanding of the matter given above, under the caption ** Coarse of In-
struction" :

The faculty "is composed of gentlemen of culture from every school of medicine
that is recognized for its merits."

The branches of "materia medlca. embracing allopathic and homeopathic and
eclectic." will be taught, &c.. and the "physiological action of drugs"— presumably in the
three methods— "wilfbe practically demonstrated," &o.

The professor of diseases of the eye and ear in the faculty of 1882-83. was one of the
graduates in the class of that year, and is announced as "professor of diseases of eye,
ear and laryngology." in the faculty of 1883-84.

The "professor of homeopathic therapeutics and materia medlca and theory and
practice." and the demonstrator of anatomy, in the faculty of 1883-84, are also graduates
of the class of 1882^.



MONTANA.

Population, 39 169. Number of physicians. 77. Number of inhabitants to each physi-
cian. 568.

Dr. G. G. Bbown. of Helena, writes:

In reply to your letter. I will say that medical laws in Montana are like angels* visits,
"few and far between." Each physician is required to pay a yearly license of $16^ and
there is a law which says only M. B.'s shall receive a license, but there is no one to en-
force it. Any one who applies to the county treasurer, says he has graduated, and "pro-
duces" $16, gets his credentials, and enters into the "free-for-all."

We need a territorial board to regulate things. An elTort was made, at the last session
of the Letrislature, to secure such a board, a medical practice act, etc.; but, alas, we were
accused of trying to ffet a corner on the practice of medicine, and the result was a failure.
We hope to accomplish more at the next session.

A bill was passed at the last session, establishing county boards with power to take
care of contagious diseases, etc., but nothing touching the rights of practitioners, of
whatever type or creed. I believe there is not a medical society in Montana, and there
seems to be very little desire for mutual improvement



NEBRASKA.

Population, 452 402. Number of physicians. 878 (this number was reported to the State
medical society in 1882;. Number of inhabitants to each physician. 521.

An Act to Regulate the Practice of Medicine in the State of Nebraska.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Nebraska:

Section 1. It shall be unlawful for any person to practice medicine, surgery or obstet-
rics, or any of the branches thereof, in this State, without first havingScompUed with the



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108

■provisions of this aot relatiiu? to refiristratlon; and no person practicing medicine, surgery
or obstetrloR. or any part of the branches thereof, shall be entitled to registration unless
possessed of the aualiflcations rsQuired by section 4 of this act.

i 2. It shall be the duty of all persons claiming to be physicians and surgeons, and
intending to practice medicine, surgery or obstetricR in the State of Nebraska, before be-
ginning the practice thereof, or any of the branches thereof, to register as a physician, by
fllingwith the county clerk of the county in which he or she resides, or in whfish he or
she intends to practice, a statement, in writing, under oath or affirmation, giving his or
her full name, age, nlaoe of birth, place of residence, place of business, and the time he
or she has praoticea medicine, and when and where he or she has so practiced, and the
time of sucn practice in each pitice, and if he or she is or has been a member of any med-
ical society or societies, the name and location of such society or societies, and if he or
she is a graduate of any medical college or university. 8uch statement shall be filed by
the county clerk, and by him recorded in a book to be kept for that purpose, to be called
the "Physicians Register."

§ 9. Whoever shall knowingly make any false statement or statements in the state-
ment mentioned in sec. 2 uf this act, shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and, upon convic-
tion thereof, shall be subject to the same penalties which attach to the crime of perjury
under the laws of the State of Nebraska.

I 4. [Kn amendment to the original act passed in February, 1883.1 No person shall be
entitled to registration as a physician or surgeon under the provi«*lons of this act, or to
practice medicine, surgery or obstetrics, or any branch thereof, in this State, unless he. or
she shall be possessed of one of the qualifications named In this section, as follows:

First, a graduate of a legally chartered medical college or institution having authority
to in'ant the degree of Doctor of Medicine; or,

Second. Persons who can show evid*»nce that they have passed a satisfactory exami-
nation befor3 medical boards of other States created for the purpose of such examina-
tion, and all surgeons and assistant surgeons who were commissioned and served as such
in the iato war of the rebellion: or.

Third, A person who shall have, at the time this act takes effect, attended one course
of lectures in a legally chartered medical college or institution having authority to con-
fer the degree of Doctor of Medicine, and practiced medicine continually for three (8)
years, the last one year of which practice shaH-luivo' been in this State; or.

Fourth. A person who shall have been, at the time of the taking effect of this act
engBged in the practice of medicine, surgery or obstetrics for a livelihood, for a period of
ten years, the last two years of which practice has been in thin State: Provided, that no
person not a resident of this State at the time this act takes effect, who has not received
the degree of Doctor of Medicine from a legally chartered medical college or institution
havingauthority to grant the same, shall be admitted to registration under this act, or
auttiorized to practice medicine, surgery or obstetrics in this State.

i b. It shall be the duty of the county clerk in each county of this State to provide,
and keep in his f>aid office as a public record, a book, to be entitled "The Physicians' Reg-
ister," in which book the clerk shall record the statement named in section two of this
act, and properly index the same, and for filing, recording and making transcrlpt-s of such
statements, the clerk shall be entitled to the same fees as allowed bylaw for like services
as to conveyances of real estate.

§ 6. Any person who shall have filed the statement required by section two of this
.act, in one county, and shall remove to another county, shall, before entering upon the
practice of his profession in such last-named county, procure a certified copy of the rec-
ord of bis former registry, and cause such transcript to be filed and recorded in the
physioians' register of such county in which he has removed.

S 7. Certified copies of the record of such statements or transcripts shall be received
In evidence in all courts instead of the original statement filed with the county clerk.

I 8. No person shall recover. In any court of this State, any sum of money whatever
for any medical, surgical or obstetrical services, unless he shall have compiled with the
provisions of this act relating to registration, and Is one of the persons authorised by
this act to be registered as a physician.

S 9. Any person, not possessing the qualifications for the practice of medicine, sur-
gery or obstetrics jequired by the provitsiouH of section four of this act. or any person
who has not complied with the provisions of section two of this act as to registration,
who shall engage in the practice of medicine, surgery or obstetrics, or any of the branches
thereof, in this State, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and. on conviction there-
of, shall be fined in any sum not less than twenty dollars nor more than one hundred dol-
lars, and costs of prosecution, for each offense, and shall stand committed until such
fine and costs are paid.

I 10. A person shall be regarded as practicing medicine, within the meaning of this
act, who shall publicly profess to be a physician, surgeon or ribstetriclan, or prescribe for
the sick. But nothing in this act shall oe construed to prohibit students from practicing
under the supervlttlon of a registered preceptor, or to prohibit gratuitous services In
cases of emergency, and this act shall not apply to commissioned surgeons in the United
States army and navy.

S 11. Any itinerant vender, who Is not qualified as hereinbefore provided, of any drug,
notftmm. ointment or appliance of any kind, intended for the treatment of any disease or



injury, or shall, by writing, printing or any other method except bv ordinary professional
card or si^rD, publicly profess to cure or heal disease, injury or deformity, by any drug or
nostrum, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and. upon conviction thereof, shall be



fined not less than fifty dollars nor more than one hundred dollars, or be Imprisoned in
the county jail for a period of not less than thirty days nor more than three months, or
•both, in the discretion of the court, for each offense.
Approved March 8, 1881. Took effect June 1. 1881.



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104

A. 8. Y. Maksfeldb. M. D., Secretary of the Nebraska State Medical Society, wiitea r
''Physicians generally have registered, out otherwise the law Is not enforced."

A commtttee of the State Medical Society reported (1882) as follows :
"The law has had a good effect, in that it Is now possible to learn what are the QuaJifl-
cations of so lanro a number of medical practitioners in the State, and yet your commit-
tee are compelled to report that the law is virtually a failure, so far as affording protection
to the people from the imposition of quacks.

"From the fact that there is no tribunal before which may be determined the genuine-
ness of a diploma or license, all kinds of papers purporting to be diplomas are spread
upon our record books, and the people, for whose protection the law was intended, not
being able to discriminate between the true and the false, are thus cruelly deceived by a
so-oalled doctor, holding a diploma issued by some quack In Cincinnati. St. Louis, or
elsewhere.

"Your committee direct especial attention to the large number of fraudulent diplomas
found, and earnestly request that some action be taken by which the State may be freed
of these Impostors.

The act was amended after the writing of this report, but as the recommendation of
the society that a tribunal should be appointed which should determine the genuineness
of diplomas, was not heeded, the law, doubtless, remains inoperative as before.

Omaha Medical College.

Omaha, Neb. (Pop.. 30518.)

Organized in 1881. The outgrowth of a preparatory school, established in 1880. under
the name of the Nebraska School of Medicine.— The faculty embraces fourteen professors
and a demonstrator.

CouBSE OF Instbuction: One annual course of twenty- two weeks' duration.— Stu-
dents not attending regularly, or leaving beiore the close of the session, are catalogued
as partial*course students. Three years* graded course recommended but not required.
Daily examinations bv the faculty.— Lectures embrace anatomy, physiology, chemistry,
materia medloa. clinical surgery, obstetrics, diseases of women, diseases of children,
practice of medicine, principles and practice of surgery, therapeutics, mental and ner-
vous diseases, medical jurisprudence, histology, pathology, ophtnalmolgy. otology, laryn-
gology.

Requibements : For admission, (a) satisfactory evidence of good moral chsracter;
(b) eighteen years of age; (c) "creditable English education."— For graduation : (I) twen-
ty-one years of age; (2) good moral character; (8) "such preliminary education as is
clearly requisite for a proper standing with the public and the profession;" (4) three years"
study: (5) two full courses; (6) clinical instruction for one session; (7) practical anatomy
and chemistry, one course; (8) full and satisfactory written and oral examination on each
branch taught; (9) thesis.

Fees: Matriculation, $r>: demonstrator. $10; lectures. |35; graduation. $25. *

Students : Number of matriculates and of graduates at each session reported, and
percentages of graduates to matriculntes-



Session.


Matriculates.


Graduates.


Percent


1881-82


33


8


23


1882-83


80


9


80



Average percent, of graduates to matriculates during the past two years, twentv-six.

Bemabks : Six partial-course students are counted among the matriculates of 1881-82,.
and five among the matriculates of 1882'-83.

Medical Depabtment of the Univebsitt of Kebbaska.
Lincoln, Neb. (Pop. 13 008.)

Organized In 1883.— The faculty embraces eight professors and one demonstrator.

CouBSE OF Instbuction: One course of lectures of twenty -four weeks' duration annu-
ally. Clinical teaching, practice in diagnosis, daily examinations and chemical and
microscopical manipulations will occupy a prominent position in the course of instruc-
tion.— Lectures embrace descriptive and surgical anatomy, physiology, chemistry, materia
medica. therapeutics, principles and practice of medicine, surgery, surgical pathology,
obstetrics, gynecology, diseases of children, ophthalmology, otology, and medical juris-
prudence.

Requibements: For admission: "No one will be admitted to this department unless
the faculty is satisfied that he is sufflclently advanced in an English education to pursue^
with advantage, the study of medicine.— For graduation: (1) twenty-one yearn of age;
(2) good moral character: (3) "must pursue successfully the study of practical anatomy
and practical chemistry;" (4) three full courses of lectures; (5) satisfactory examination in
all the branches taught.

Fees: None.



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106

NEVADA.

Population, 62 266. Number of phystolans, 184. Number of Inhabitants to each phy-
slclan, 464.

An Act to Prevent the Practice of Medicine and Surgery by Unaualifled Persons.

The People of the State of Nevada, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as
follows:

SBcnoN 1. No person shall practice medicine or surgery in this State who has not
received a medical education and a diploma from some regularly chartered medical
school; said school to have a hona fide existence at the time when said diploma was
granted.

i 2. Every phvslcian or surgeon, when about to take up his residence in this State, or
who now resides here, shall file for record with the county recorder of the county In which
he is about to practice his profession, or where he now practices it, a copy of his diploma,
at the same time exhibiting the original, or a certificate from the dean of the medical
school of which he is a graduate, certifying to his graduation.

S 8. Every physician or surgeon, when filing a copy of his diploma or certificate of
graduation, as required by section two of this act, shall be identified as the person named
in the papers about to be filed, either by affidavit of two citizens of the county, or by his
affidavit taken before a notary public or commissioner of deeds for this State, which affi-
davit shall be filed in the office of the county recorder.

§ 4. Any person practicing medicine or surgery in this State without complying with
sections one. two and three of this act, shall be punished by a fine of not less than fifty
dollars (150), nor more than five hundred dollars ($5U0). or by imprisonment in the county
jail for a period of not less than thirty (30) days nor more than six (6) months, or by both
fine and imprisonment, for each and every olTense; and any'person filing or attempting to
file, as his own, the diploma or certificate of graduation of another, or a forged affidavit of
identification, shall be guilty of a felony, and. upon conviction, shall be subject to such
fine and imprisonment us is made and provided by the statutes of this State for said
offense.

§ 5. It shall be the duty of the police, sheriff or constable to arrest all persons practic-
ing medicine or surgery in this State who have not complied with the provisions of this
act, and the officer making the arrest shall be entitled to one-half of the fine collected.

S 6. No portion of this act shall apply to any person who, in an emergency, mav pre-
scribe or give advice in medicine or surgery in a township where no physician resides, or
where no physician resides within convenient distance; nor to those who have practiced
medicine and surgery in this State for a period of ten years next preceding the passage of
this act. nor to persons prescribing in their own family.

S 7. This act shall go into force sixty (60) days after its final passage.

Approved January 28, 1875.

The following supreme court decisions relating to the above act are given in the digest
of Nevada Reports and Lawyer's Circuit Court Reports (page 297, 1878.)

Phtsiciamb akd Subosoms.

1. Act to prevent the practice of medicine and surgery by unqualified persons consti-
tutional In construing section 6 of said act. which provides that it shall not apply "to
those who have practiced medicine or surgery in this State for a period of ten years next
preceding the passage of this act." held that said provision Is not in violation of section
21 of art iv. of the State constitution. 10 Nev. 328.

2. Idem— How far constitutional. Held, that there is some reason for requiring ten
years' practice in this State as a qualification Jor the continued practice of medicine and
surgery: but there is no sort of reason for requiring that practice to have extended over
the<particular ten years immediately preceding the enactment of the law. and to this ex-
tent the law is unconstitutional, because in violation of the fourteenth amendment to the
federal constitution; but omitting the words "next preceding the passage of this act.'"
leaves a good and perfect statutn: (By Beatty. J.)

„ 3. Idem. Held, that said section is not In confiict with any of the provisions of the
Btate or federal constitution: (By Hawley, C. J.)



NEW HAMPSHIRE.

. Population. 346 991. Number of physicians, 610. Number of inhabitants to each physi-
cian. 567.

QsNBBAii Laws Relating to the Practice of Medicine. Surgery and Dentistry.

Chapteb 182. Section 1. It shall not be lawful for any person to practice medicine,
surgery or midwifery unless such person shall have obtained a license from somo medi-
cal society organized under the laws of this State, stating that he is qualified in the
branches of the medical profession named in said license.



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106

I 2. Everr medical society, orgr&nized under the laws of this State, shall, at saoh time
and in such manner as may be prescribed in its charter or by-laws, elect a board of cen-
sors, consistinff of three members, who shall be elected for such term as may be pre>
scribed in said charter or by-laws, which bbard shall have authority to examine and
license persons to practice medicine, surgery or midwifery. The board shall issue
licenses without examination to all persons who furnish eyidenoe by diploma from some
medical school authorized to confer degrees in medicine and surgery, when said board is
«atisfled that th^ person presenting such diploma has obtained it after pursuins soree
prescribed course of study and upon due examination. Said board shall also haTe power.
upon due notice and hearing, to revoke any license granted by said board when iniprop-
erly obtained, or when the holder has. by conviction for crime, or any other cause, ceased
to be worthy of public confidence. Sucn license or revocation shall be recorded by the
clerk of said medical society.

S3 It shall not be lawful for any person, who is not duly authorized to practice medi-
<sine or surgery, to practice dentistry unless such person nas received a dental degree
from some college, university or medical school authorized to confer the same, or shall
have obtained a license from the New Hampshire dental society.

I 4. Said dental society shall, at such time and in such manner as may be prescribed
in its charter or by-laws, elect a board of censors, consisting of three members, who shall
be elected for such term as may be prescribed by the society, which board shall have
authority to examine and license persons to practice dentistry. The license shall be
recorded by the clerk of said society.



Online LibraryIllinois State Board of HealthAnnual report of Illinois State Board of Health, Volume 5 → online text (page 27 of 89)