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WHAT A CITY PLAN COULD DO FOR BOSTON



BO-JTOiM



fuBLl^MED BYBO^TOAI "y'Slf',^.

XmT^A^COW. ONt DOLLAR,'



MAY, T.911



NO. 1





The Circulating Tank
Gas Water Heater



The Automatic Instantaneous
Gas Water Heater



The Gas Water Heater



The Automatic

Instantaneous

Type



The Circulating
Tank Heater
Type



This heater is so constructed that whenever any faucet on the hot water
system is opened, the gas is automatically turned on, igniting from a small pilot
light. Hot water is thus supplied at once and in any quantity. With the closing
of the faucet, the flow of water ceases, and the gas is automatically cut off. The
gas supply is further regulated by a thermostat, so that the flame is reduced when
the water leaving the heater reaches the required temperature.

One cubic foot of gas per gallon of STEAMING HOT WATER— as much or
as little as may be needed — and delivered immediately.

This type is connected directly to the circulating hot water boiler suppljang
the house system, and is lighted when hot water is needed. Hot water may be
drawn in a couple of minutes, and the heater is left in use only as long as the service
Is required. It is not necessary to heat the whole boiler, with attendant waste
and delay, as in the case of the ordinary coal stove connection.

Efficient and economical — and always ready, day or night.

On exhibition at the show rooms of the Boston Gas Appliance Exchange,
16 West Street.




BOSTON CONSOLIDATED GAS
COMPANY 24 WEST STREET

TELEPHONE COMMERCIAL DEPT., OXFORD 1690



NEW BOSTON




A Chronicle of Progress
in Developing a Greater
and Finer City — Under
the Auspices of the
Boston-1915 Movement




VOL. II



MAY, 1911



No. 1



CONTENTS



NOTE AND COMMENT

THE BOSTON-1915 CONFERENCES

BOSTON-1915 OPPOSES CHARTER CHANGES

BOYS' GAMES FOR 1911

ELLEN H. RICHARDS

THE CITY PLANNING CONFERENCE

THE PROPOSED SPECIAL APPROPRIATION OF A MILLION DOLLARS

ALBERT PERRY WALKER

BOY SCOUTS IN NEW ENGLAND

CIVIC CONFERENCE SYLLABUS ^

CITY PLANNING AND CIVIC CONSCIOUSNESS John Nolen 7

NEW YORK'S EVENING RECREATION CENTERS Edward W. Stitt

FORD HALL— AN EXPERIMENT IN CO-OPERATION Ellen Paine Huling 1

MANUFACTURING CITIZENS FROM RAW MATERIAL Vincent A. Keenan

PUBLIC CONVENIENCE STATIONS

HEALTH NEEDS AND CIVIC ACTION William H. Allen, Ph. D

THE MILK SITUATION



Mrs. William Lowell Putnam.



PUBLICATION COMMITTEE



Mrs. Fannie Fern Andrews, Civic Conference
Arthur Bumham, Fine and Industrial Arts Con-
ference
Dr. Richard C. Cabot, Health Conference
John H. Fahey, Charter member
George B. Gallup, Contributing Member
Irving T. Guild, City Plan Conference
Mrs. Emma S. Gulliver, Education Conference
Solomon Lewenberg, Contributing Member
William E. Litchfield, Business Conference
Frank S. Mason, Youth Conference



WilliamH.O'Brien.IndustrialKelationsConference
Miss Mary Boyle O'Reilly, Charities and Cor-
rection Conference
William H. Pear, Charities and Correction Con-
ference
George E. Roewer, Railroad Brotherhoods
Leonard J. Ross, Industrial Relations Conference
Mrs. John B. Suckling, Youth Conference
Mrs. May Alden Ward, Women's Clubs
Miss Mary C. Wiggin, Co-operative Conference
Myron E. Pierce
Fred J. McLaughlin



Entered as second-class malter at the Boslort Post Office _

JAMES P. MUNROE, Editor-in-Chief LEWIS E. PALMER. Manag.ng Ed.tor

RAYMOND P. EMMONS. Advertising Manager




NEW ENGLAND SCHOOL DIRECTORY



THE RIDGE SCHOOL.

Founded by William Gold Brinsmade. In the High-
lands of Litchfield County. A home school for older boys.
Lunited to twenty. A large faculty enables us to give
particular attention to each boy. Illustrated catalog.

Washington, Conn.



De Meritte School

815 BOYLSTON ST., BOSTON

Twelfth Year

A preparatory school for boys wlio want an educa-
tion.

The UPPER GRADE prepares for college and
the scientific schools.

The LOWER GRADE gives to boys from ten to
fourteen years of age a careful training for the work
of the upper grade.

EDWIN De MERITTE, A. B., Prin.



FRENCH,

GERMAN,

ITALIAN,

SPANISH,

ETC., ETC.

The Berlitz School

of Languages

BOSTON BRANCH:

132 BOYLSTON STREET

Telephone Oxford 23958

If you have never studied a language and wish to
earn m the shortest time to speak, read and write that
language, come to THE BERLITZ SCHOOL.

If you have studied elsewhere for years and cannot
make yourself easily understood or cannot speak fluent-
ly, come to THE BERLITZ SCHOOL.

If you have acquired a defective pronunciation from
an American teacher or an uneducated foreigner and
want to obtain the accent of cultivated European Soci-
ety, come to THE BERLITZ SCHOOL.

If you intend to travel in Europe commence studying
here the language which you will have to speak abroad
o„^ RFRI°lx5^S15t|d lessons may be transferred from
one BERLITZ SCHOOL to any other.
.Superior Native Teachers Trial Lessons Free

School open all year until 9 P.M.



Franklin Academy

136 Boylston Street
BOSTON

The Special Training School for Girls, where

individual training is given in whatever

studies the student needs.

PER MONTH

Grammar Grade . . $10.00

(Arithmetic, geography, spelling,
writing, reading, hi.story and gram-
mar.)

Stenographic Course $ 1 5.00

(Shorthand, typewriting, spelling,
commercial geography.)

Secretary's Course . $15.00

(Stenographic and book-keeping
grammar and literature.)

All ages from 12 to 50 admitted day or
evening.



EMERSON COLLEGE
OF ORATORY



jpOR 30 years lias been a strong
-*- factor in the educational life
of this country, as hundreds of
teachers in colleges, normal and high
schools can testify. Strong courses in
Personal Development, English, Elo-
cution, Physical and Voice Culture.
No age limit. Send for catalogue.



Harry Seymour Ross. Dean

Chickering Hall. Huntington Avenue. Boston



New Boston



MAY, 1911



NOTE AND COMMENT



The Boston-1915 Conferences

THE several conferences of Boston-
1915 and their Executive Com-
mittees have held over a hundred
meetings during the past winter. A
large part of their work has been the
preparation of syllabi, or lists of "things
to be done" in education, health, city
planning, etc. In this work there has
developed an organization consciousness
and a genuine esprit de corps that both
confirms the soundness of the Boston-
1915 idea and augurs well for its future.
Furthermore, there are fifty more or-
ganizations represented in the confer-
ences today than there were a year ago.
Last year, out of the 1,683 organizations
invited, 1,208 sent delegates. This year,
out of the 1,550 organizations invited,
1,258 sent delegates. That is, the per-
centage of representation last year was
71.3 per cent while this year it is 81.2
per cent, an increase of 10 per cent on
the total, or 15 per cent on last year's
representation.

The 1911 Program

In the belief, justified by experience in
such matters, that, to be effective, effort
of the type undertaken by Boston-1915
must be" concentrated on specific under-
takings with a more or less definite time-
limit, the several conferences were early
urged by the directors to present for the
consideration of that body certain specific
matters to be undertaken, and if possible
carried out, during the year 1911. Much
care was given, both by the conferences



and by the Executive Committee and
the Directors, to the consideration of
these definite undertakings, with the
result that early in March it was possible
to adopt and promulgate the program for
1911. This has been issued in a sixteen-
page pamphlet and has been widely
distributed, both directly from the office
and through individuals who have taken
the booklets in large quantities. Tlie
program makes its appeal to the com-
munity with the initial advantage of
having no reasonable opposition from
any organization in the city of Boston.
This is an accomplishment that would
probably not have been possible by any
other means than through the getting
together of these organizations as Boston-
1915.

The progress on the various items
during the past month follows:

A City Plan

The project for a city-planning com-
mission to advise concerning the develop-
ment of the whole metropolitan area,
taking into consideration commerce, in-
dustry, health, education, recreation and
housing, has been approved by the
delegates to every conference, and by
the executive committee and the directors
of Boston-1915. . .

To secure legislation, liowever, it is
clear that there must be aroused a much
wider interest and understanding re-
garding city planning than yet exists.
Therefore it has been decided to take
this and the other projects of the 1911
program directly before the leading or-



NEW BOSTON



ganizations working together as Boston-
1915.

As noted in the April NEW BOSTON,
there seems definite promise along this
line in the order introduced in the City
Council to request the Finance Com-
mission to submit a comprehensive plan
for the development of the city up to
January 1, 1920. Boston-1915 is in
touch with the city authorities in this
matter and is doing all that it can to
bring about favorable action at an early
date.'

That City Planning has become a
matter of widespread national interest
and importance is driven home by the
article by John Nolen on "Civic Con-
servation and City Planning" in this
issue.

Real Boston

The bill for a loose federation of the
cities and towns of the Metropolitan
District, so vigorously supported by
the Chamber of Commerce, has been dealt
with by Boston-1915 simultaneously
with its own proposition for a City Plan-
ning Commission; for a city plan must
of necessity embrace Real Boston.

On April 24 the Committee on Met-
ropolitan Affairs reported a compromise
bill in place of the Chamber of Com-
merce plan. The metropolitan council
feature is eliminated from the substitute
measure, the object of which is to give
to the world at large an idea of the size
of Real Boston, by adding to the statistics
of Boston proper the statistics of the
cities and towns which constitute the
real city.

The bureau of statistics shall compile
and publish every fifth year, or oftener,
the combined statistics of population,
valuation, commerce, manufactures and
all other accessible statistics, whether
from the national or the state census, of
metropolitan Boston under the title,
"Statistics of Metropolitan Boston."

This does not meet the urgent com-
mercial and social demand for a Real
Boston; but it is a step in the right
direction, and genuine federation is cer-
tain to come within a few years.

The Further Use of Schoolhouses

Both the school committee and City

Hall are heartily in favor of the plan



to make use of the schoolhouses as com-
munity centers, and a modified schedule
for such use this year has been submitted
to the proper authorities. The Parent's
iVssociations and Improvement Associ-
ations have taken hold of this project
with increased vigor, and there is a
strong general sentiment that long steps
in advance should be made this year.
The article in this number on "Evening
Recreation Centers in New York" by
Edward W. Stitt, shows what that city
is already doing.

A Larger and Better Use of

Playgrounds

Returns are rapidly coming in from the
more than forty organizations in the
Youth Conference as to the use of ex-
isting playgrounds, the efficiency of
their present supervision, and the pos-
sibilities for small neighborhood play-
centers in every district. The activity
of the Boys' Games Committee, with its
proposed summer athletic games and
baseball series, promises immediate, defi-
nite increase in the use of the playgrounds,
reaching not only the pupils in school
but also the boys in shop and factory. A
revised ordinance for consolidating the
Bath, Music, Public Grounds and Park
Department into a Bureau of Recreation
has been prepared, and by the time NEW
Boston appears should be before the
Council.

Part-time Schooling

The bill directing the State Board of
Education to make an investigation of
the needs and possibilities of part-time
schooling having received the Governor's
signature has become a law. It is for the
various organizations constituting Bos-
ton-1915 to assist in the making of that
investigation as thorough, complete and
suggestive of definite action as possible.

Convenience Stations

In a letter to the City Council, March 27,
Mayor Fitzgerald recommends the ex-
penditure of a million dollars by the city
for various projects, among others con-
venience stations at central locations and
small drinking fountains throughout the
city. A committee from the Confer-
ences of Boston-1915 has carefully con-



NOTE AND COMMENT



.'}



sidered these recommendations (see page
5) and suggests underground conven-
ience stations at five central points and
100 drinking fountains to be placed at
congested centers throughout the city.

The summary of the admirable re-
port of the Committee on Public Health
of the United Improvement Association,
printed in this issue, throws much light
upon this problem.

Civic Building
A sub-committee has been actively at
work considering sites and combinations
of organizations which might be brought
together in a building or buildings form-
ing a civic center. The architect's sketch
plans are in preparation and the problem
bids fair to be one of securing adequate
facilities for those tenants who are
anxious to come in, rather than one of
seeking tenants to fill up the buildings.
Few things could be of greater assistance
to the "clearing house" principle for
which Boston-1915 stands, than such
a civic center.

Other Projects

A committee of the Education con-
ference expects soon to report definite
results and recommendations regarding
a central Teachers' Library. The bill
endorsed by the Charities and Correc-
tion conference to increase parental
responsibility through a more stringent
dealing with desertion and non-support
has been favorably reported to the
House. As was noted in the April
New Boston, representatives of the
State Board of Registration have ex-
pressed the desire of that board to give
more practical examinations for licenses
to practice medicine as soon as their
appropriation warrants that expenditure.
The Fine Arts Conference proposes to
take up the matter of free art exhibitions
during the fall, when such exhibitions
are usually held.

Boston-1915 Opposes Charter
Changes

BOSTON-1915 fined up with the
"charter defenders" at the April
meeting of the Board of Directors. It
was the opinion of the directors that the
present charter should be given a fan-
trial before any changes are attempted.



Practically all of the directors wlio.sc
influence could be brouglit to bear at
once interviewed members of the Senate
either personally or by letter. Com-
munications were sent to every senator
stating the attitude of Boston-191.5 and
calling attention to the unanimous op-
position of the Boston newsj)a])ers to the
proposed amendments. Meetings of min-
isters' associations and commercial ho<Hes
were addressed and resolutions jjassed
opposing charter changes. Senators
were called upon personally by members
of the office staff, and a number of meet-
ings were held for the purpose of working
out co-operative ])lans with other or-
ganizations standing behind the charter.

There seems to be little doubt, as this

issue of New Boston goes to press,

that the amendment calling for an en-
larged City Council will pass the House.
There is good reason to believe, howe\er,
that it will be defeated in the Senate.

Boys' Games for 1911

THE committee having charge of tlie
Boston-1915 summer games has
decided to hold twelve meets during July
and August. The city will be divided into
twelve sections, and the winners of the
first four places in the sectional e\ents
will compete in a final meet which will
probably be held at Wood Island Park.
Two prizes, silver and bronze medals,
will be awarded to the winners of first
and second places in the sectional meets
which will be divided into three classes -
juniors 12 to 13, intermediates 14 to 15
and seniors 16 to 18.

In order to bar "star pertormers
from winning prizes in a number of events,
senior competitors will be allowed to
take part only in two track and one hehl
event in each meet. Juniors will be per-
mitted in one track and one field event.

In addition to the regular relay races,
a "medlev" will be arranged for eacli
meet in which a junior will run a hundred
vards, an intermediate 220, and a senior
'the balance of the race. A doctor will
be present at all of the games to pass
upon the physical condition oi the en-

' The summer games of Boston-1915
have become a fixture in the athletic cal-
endar. Last year the complete entry isl
for all the games was 3,500 and with the



NEW BOSTON



active co-operation of an enlarged and
interested committee, the boys' games
for 1911 ought to surpass those of pre-
vious years, both in the number of entries
and, better yet, in the wider use^of the
city's play grounds.



Ellen H. Richards

ELLEN H. (Swallow) Richards, who
died on March 30 as the result of an
overworked heart, was a true martyr
in the cause of better physical, intellectual
and moral living. Her career was a con-
tinuous giving of herself to the advancing
of human well-being; and she literally
wore herself out in order that the lives
and the health of others might be pre-
served.

A graduate of Vassar College, she was
the first woman to be admitted to the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
where she was graduated in chemistry
in 1873. From that year until her un-
timely death she worked and taught in
the Institute laboratories, was the un-
oflScial Dean of the women students for
whom she had opened the doors of the
school, made analyses and researches
in sanitary chemistry of the highest
national importance, and, by her lectures
and her published writings, carried the
results of her scientific and social studies
to every section of the country.

Largely because of her efforts, the im-
portant business of managing a house
and of making a home have been raised
from a low level of crude empiricism to a
high plane of applied science.

The guarding of the water and food
supplies through scientific analysis, the
planning and furnishing of the dwelling,
the care of the family health, through
proper feeding, clothing, exercise, etc., —
to all these problems she devoted herself
with such vigor and earnestness that the
United States is filled with her disciples,
advancing still farther the work which
she herself carried so far.

Mrs. Richards did not limit her interest
or her efforts, however, to these material
aspects of the science and art of domestic
economy. She gave herself with equal
zeal to those problems of family life,
of education, of recreation and of mental
and moral discipline which are of even



graver consequence, especially under the
changing economic and social conditions
of today.

i^"^ The next half-century is certain to see
immense gains in human health and
happiness, due to a growing knowledge
of what Mrs. Richards called Euthenics,
"the betterment of living conditions,
through conscious endeavor, for the pur-
pose of securing efficient human beings."
In giving this movement its impetus
and in organizing an army of trained men
and women to carry it forward, Mrs.
Richards performed a high and enduring
public service.



The City -Planning Conference

THE Third National Conference on
City Planning will be held this year
at Philadelphia, May 15, 16, 17. Since
the successful conference at Rochester
in May, 1910, the value of such a meet-
ing is becoming more generally recog-
nized not only among architects and
engineers, but among city officials and
business organizations. The conference
is not a mere producer of academic
papers. It is a forum where those who
are handling large city problems ex-
change views. It achieves for the develop-
ment of the city what an industrial
congress achieves for the develop-
ment of industry. Since the emphasis is
laid on free discussion of city-planning
ideas, ample opportunity will be given
throughout the sessions and at informal
round table conferences to bring out
these ideas. Prepared papers will serve
merely to guide the discussion into specific
channels and avoid waste of time in
random talk.

Each session of the Conference will
be in charge of a special committee and
the program has been arranged to interest
not only the specialists in the technical
side of the subject, but also the layman.
Thus the papers on the "Dock Problem"
and "Streets and Their uses for Various
Purposes" will appeal to the engineer
and public official, as well as to the busi-
ness man whose profits are involved in
a right solution of both the street and the
shipping problems.

The city of Philadelphia is a most
generous host. In connection with the



NOTE AND COMMENT



Conference, the first niuniciioal exhibit
of city planning will be held at City
Hall, to which Councils have appro-
priated $10,000. A city-planning auto-
mobile tour of the city is being planned
for the members of the conference, and
specially invited guests. The City Club
of Philadelphia will give a subscription
dinner at which the members of the con-
ference will be guests. The mayor's lunch-
eon on the opening day will be another
pleasant feature.

For further information regarding the
program or details of membership, inquire
of the secretary, Flavel Shurtleff, 19
Congress Street, Boston, Mass.

The Proposed Special Appropria-
tion of a Million Dollars

THE recent recommendations of
jNIayor Fitzgerald in regard to the
expenditure of a million dollars, half of
the sum to be derived from the additional
taxes paid by the estate of the late
Quincy A. Shaw, touched on many public
improvements which the Boston-1915
Conferences had already studied. A
joint meeting was therefore called, made
up of delegates from the Youth, Neigh-
borhood, Civic and Education Confer-
ences, to consider these recommendations
and to report upon those which, in view
of the fact that a million dollars is not
sufficient to provide for all of them, are
regarded as of most immediate impor-
tance. The following report was sub-
mitted to the Board of Directors of
Boston-1915 and approved at their April
meeting :

Endorsed: Convenience stations at Dover and
Washington Streets (South End); Bowdoin
Square (West End); North Square (North
End); near Vine Street Church (Roxbury).

Branch Libraries in Charlestown and Ward
(North End).

Branch Library and Civic Center near Common
Street, Ward 7.

Playgrounds in Charlestown, Meeting House Hill
and Jamaica Plain.

Recreation Ground in Ward 9.
Voted to recommend that the appropriation for a
playground on Parker Hill be used instead for
a playground near Roxbury Crossing.
Endorsed: Plan for indoor bath house in Ward 3,
Charlestown.

Court house and police station at East Boston.

Court house and police station at Charlestown.

Municipal building in South Boston.

Remodelling of Curtis Hall. .

Voted to recommend: That drinking fountanis be



placed in congested districts, not to exceed
l!n n!!-.""""^*""' '^"^ •'''• ^ ^«st not to exceed

That no public landing be placed in any suburb
or contiguous territory until proper facilities
are provided for Boston.

That the appropriation to insure proper fire pro-
tection for Parker Hill be spent in alt.Ting
the grade of the streets.

The project for a locker building and sanitary
on South Boston playground was approved,
provided there is sufficient money.
Voted: That the location of convenience stations
be confined to the city proper, and that an
underground station at Adams Square with
special reference to the market district, be
added to the list already approved.
Voted: To call to the attention of the Mayor the
matter of the erection of a temporary shelter
for immigrants for incorporation, if ' feasible,
in his program.

Albert Perry Walker

AT the April meeting of the Board of
Directors of Boston-191o, the follow-
ing resolutions were adopted, and it was
voted that a copy be .sent to the taiiiily
of the deceased:

Albert Perry Walker, as a member of this Board
of Directors and as Chairman of the Education ( 'on-
ference of Boston-1915, has been, since the organiz-
ation of Boston-1915, one of its most efficient
workers and wisest counsellors.

He was confident of the value of the Boston-1915



Online Libraryinc Boston--1915New Boston; a chronicle of progress in developing a greater and finer city--under the auspices of the Boston-1915 movement → online text (page 1 of 41)