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in America


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Copyright, 1901, by A. N. Marquis & Company.

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When the first edition of Who's Who in America appeared, in 1899, it pre-
sented itself as a new and untried experiment in the field of American bookmaking.
It was the first book ever issued which claimed to be, in any comprehensive de-
gree, a general biographical dictionary of notable American contemporaries. The
compilation of such a book from the results of original research was obviously a
task full of difficulties, and these were mentioned, with some fullness of detail, in
the preface to the original volume.

Those interested in the production of the book looked forward, with strong
confidence, to a favorable reception for it. But the event outran the expectation.
The highest hopes that had been entertained scarcely approached the actual cor-
diality and enthusiasm with which the book was received by the critics and the
public. The amount of attention given to the work by literary critics showed that
Who's Who in America was regarded as one of the most important publications
of the year 1899. Indeed, one of the foremost American journalists characterized
it as being entitled to first place in the literary output of that year. It was every-
where hailed as a valuable addition to the list of indispensable reference books.
The approving critics included not only those connected with the great news-
papers, but also those of the leading literary, scientific, and technical magazines
and reviews of America and Europe.

Gratifying as was this wide approval by critics and literary experts, a still more
valuable form of endorsement has appeared in the voluntary testimonials to the
usefulness of the baok which have come -in, connection with the actual daily use of
the old and the preparation ol the new volume. These testimonials now reach into
% the thousands, and show.a.highidegree-iof appreciation, which has been a powerful
inspiration toward painstaking care in .the work of the present volume.

The Preface to the.1899-.190q, edition, aoniewhat timidly intimated that periodical
revisions of the book would bt-tnade, ancfc suggestions along that line were invited.
A few months after the book had been issued it became apparent that a new edi-
tion was demanded, and as time went on it became more and more certain that the
revision must take the form of an entirely new book, so numerous were the addi-
tions and so extensive the changes required.

The results of the revision and enlargement of Who's Who in America are
now placed before the reader in the present book. As to the enlargement, the
increase in the number of biographical pages from 827 (including Addenda) in
the first to 1,280 (including Addenda) in the present edition, and of names from
8,602 in 1899 to 11,551 in 1901, bears sufficient testimony. Of the 8,602 names
in the old edition, 752 have been omitted from the present one. Of these 498 are
known to have died, and their names are recorded in the Necrology of the pres-
ent volume. Among the other 255 who have been dropped are some who were
included in the first edition solely because they then belonged to some one of the
arbitrary classifications embraced in the book. Being no longer in those classifi-
cations, they have been omitted. There are also a few omissions of people whose



present whereabouts careful inquiry has failed to disclose. Some of these may
also be dead.

With reference to the extent to which revision has been carried out, it may be
stated that of the 7,850 biographies appearing in both editions not more than 10
per cent are entirely unchanged. Each of these 7,850 biographies has been sent to
its subject with a request for revisions and additions. Many of the life-sketches
have been entirely rewritten; mistakes have been rectified wherever discovered,
and new matter has been added. A feature of the volume is the insertion of the
parentage in every sketch for which the necessary information was obtainable.
The parentage was not given in the first edition. In the case of authors a strong
effort has been made to secure complete lists of all of their published books. To
this end special blanks were sent to all authors, asking them for lists of their
books with dates of original publication and names and addresses of present
publishers. The response to the first part of the request was so general that
(although there are still some omissions) the present edition of Who's Who
in America is believed to contain the most complete list of living American
authors and their works which is now extant. The addition of dates to the
titles of the books is a new feature which has been added wherever the in-
formation was furnished. The adding to the date of a key-symbol indicating the
name (and address where known) of the firm publishing the latest edition of the
book is a unique innovation which it is believed will be of much value to authors,
librarians, publishers and all interested in books. The only thing to regret in
connection with this feature is the failure of numerous authors to furnish the
information required to make this apply to eveiy book listed.

With regard to the addition of new namei, the endeavor h'^s been to adhere to
the high standard which governed the selection of <sfc6&e'cfls the first edition. The
idea of the plan pursued has been to make ihe irclusivetiess of the work more
perfect, but at the same time to retain its features of exclusiveness. Some lines
of distinction are much more extensively represented c lffari before: this being no-
tably the case with reference to artists and authors.

The enlargement of the book is not the result of padding, but of extended
scope. In fact, the necessity for careful condensation has been more apparent in
the new than in the old book, and a much more extensive use of abbreviations has
been made. These abbreviations are, however, of a simple and conventional char-
acter, and will in almost every case be at once understood, without need of ref-
erence to the list of abbreviations, which can be consulted readily if any difficulty
of interpretation shall be found.

The invitation extended in the first edition for suggestions of improvement,
new names, notice of omissions or of errors, etc., has called forth much corre-
spondence which has been incalculably helpful in the work of the present volume.
It is, of course, true that not all of the good suggestions could be adopted. Some
of them, excellent in themselves, would have required a large increase of space.
As it is, the enlargement has exceeded expectations in regard to the space required
by the additions and improvements incorporated in this edition.

One of the suggestions made was that a classified index be appended in' which


the names should be listed according to occupation or line of distinction. The
value of this suggestion was so obvious that considerable test work was done with
a view to its adoption. To do the work thoroughly it was found, however, that
nearly every name would have to be listed from two to four times, requiring
approximately about 35,000 entries, or about 100 pages. It was impossible to spare
so much space, and the work was reluctantly abandoned.

The work of selecting new names and procuring biographical material has been
prosecuted with the utmost zeal and care ; but, while the results have been very
gratifying, it is still true that there are names which should be included that are
absent. In a country of over seventy-six millions of people even approximate
success in the judicious selection of a certain class of distinguished names is a
difficult task; and after they are selected appropriate data in regard to them are
not always procurable. Therefore, even with the utmost effort, there will always
be an unrecorded remnant.

The labor connected with preparing a work of this kind is arduous, and the
gathering of so much information and reducing it to condensed statement involve
efforts that are strenuous and serious. The task is, however, not unrelieved by
amusing incidents and grotesque side-views of various idiosyncrasies, and of hu-
morous phases of character and thought. Many of these revealed themselves in
revisions of sketches which appeared in the first edition. To one man, recorded
in that edition as "married," without further particulars, a proof was sent for re-
vision, with a note: "Please give the maiden-name of your wife." With the
return of the corrected proof came the following: "I am sorry I can not comply
with your request to give you my "wifeV rnVMen name, as she is now traveling in
Europe. v l

An amusing comment on-^.no'her sketch returned without revision was: "This
is correct, and is, it seems' to me just what such a note should be: careful, accu-
rate, no bouquets, no bricks." Not qiske so complimentary was the following from
a leading western poet ai'd 'drJtic: "1 take pleasure in revising the sketch of myself
in the game of Literary Tag, or Who's It."

In the Information Blank sent to those requested to furnish biographical data
the line which was oftenest overlooked was that of "date of birth." Not only did
many ladies ignore it, but some men also. One lady wrote in : "I am not young
enough to be careless, nor old enough to be reckless." Several wrote in the line
such comments as "not necessary," or "leave out." One lady, to whom the
printed sketch from the first edition was sent for revision, wrote underneath it :
"Please substitute the enclosed typewritten sketch, which is much better." Exam-
ination revealed the fact that the typewritten matter was identical with the printed
slip, except that the date of birth was omitted.

The death of 498 out of a total list of names numbering 8,602, will perhaps
seem, at first glance, to be a rather alarming bill of mortality, being about 29.4
to the 1,000 per annum. But when it is considered that the book is made up of
men and women of achievement, and that a large number are people who have
led lives of great activity and are now old, the number is after all not surprising.
One of the noteworthy facts which came to light in compiling the Necrology is


the total elimination of the name of Daly from the present volume, although there
were four of the name in the first edition : Augustin Daly, the dramatist and
manager; Charles Patrick Daly, jurist and geographer; Marcus Daly, miner
and capitalist, and William D. Daly, congressman and lawyer.

In the list now presented the birth-dates extend back to 1804 (including the
senior Rear Admiral Selfridge), and cover probably every year down to 1883,
when Mary Antin, the "child author," was born. Probably the next most youth-
ful (unless others have used reticence as to age in order to conceal youth) is
Margaret Horton Potter, the authoress, born in 1881.

The experiences connected with those who desired to be left out or who strug-
gled to get in were similar to those mentioned in the Preface to the first edition,
but the latter class was, as a general thing, the more persistent. One man, after
revising his sketch in ink with much care and particularity, made faint pencil-lines
diagonally across it and then wrote underneath : "Please leave me out." The
poetess, who two years ago, wrote, "Wait until I am dead before you embalm me,"
renewed her objections in practically the same words when asked for a revision.
Several offered as substitutes for the submitted copy long eulogistic sketches. One
demanded that a typewritten sketch of twenty-two closely written foolscap pages
be substituted for the printed record of as many lines which had been submitted
to him. Several actors asked to have extracts from especially favorable press
notices appended to their sketches. Two or three of the same profession, as well
as others in various vocations, thought their notices would look better with a por-
trait, and sent their photographs for reproduction. One man, who has had a some-
what meteoric newspaper career, made <?apioyS additions and 'further said: "This
will do, if you can't do better but I would 'like* about L <& stsSkiul more space. This
is a good thing." - ", i =<?"? \;*:

Many and strenuous were the efforts c fes proftur? 'admission by persons whose
applications had to be declined. A few- whtf suggested:' themselves were included,
being persons whose position or achievements' made; "them .'-eligible. There were,
as in the first edition, many who tried to buy their way in ; but, as before, the book
has been kept entirely free from any buying or selling of space, except in the
plainly designated advertising pages, which have themselves been carefully guarded
from objectionable features. Who's Who in America has gained such a well-
established reputation that the sincerity of its statements in this regard is seldom
doubted. It is now very rarely the case that biographical information comes with
the appended note : "The above information is given with the understanding, as
stated by you, that it places me under no pecuniary obligation whatever," or words
of similar import. Such caution is entirely unnecessary. The policy of Who's
Who in America in this respect has been permanently adopted, and, whatever may
be the errors of inclusion or omission, they are solely mistakes of judgment,
entirely unbiased and unprejudiced. The publishers are, of course, very glad to
sell the book to all who care to buy it, but mention in it is in no way controlled
by the question of subscription.

The most valuable aid in the matter of selecting names to be represented has
been their suggestion by persons already in the book. Many men of eminent ability


have given cheerful and hearty cooperation in this respect. The names of these are
quite too numerous to list, although Dr. W J McGee, of the Bureau of American
Ethnology, for renewed favors ; Mr. Joseph B. Gilder, of The Critic ; Mr. Frank-
lin B. Wiley, of The Ladies' Home Journal; Mr. Edward Stanwood, of The
Youths' Companion, are among the many whose kindly service in this respect has
been especially cordial and valuable. There are hundreds of otbers publishers,
journalists, scientists, educators, librarians, litterateurs, etc. who have helped.

In a few instances attention has been called by correspondents to errors of
judgment made in the selection of names for the first edition. It had been ex-
pected that criticism would be directed principally toward errors in the admission
of names. As a matter of fact, however, the errors of inclusion were either very
few or excited little attention. Scarcely a score of names in the first edition have
been challenged as unworthy. The omission of individual names has been the
subject of most of the criticisms made by those who have written. Yet even here
the majority have been kind enough to express their gratification at the complete-
ness and carefulness with which the task of selection has been carried out, at the
same time that they have noted some specific omission.

It is hoped that the enlarged scope of the present volume will make the use-
fulness of the book for biographical reference more complete than ever. In order
that those not familiar with Who's Who in America by the use of the first edi-
tion may know the extent of the field it aims to cover, it may be stated in a general
way that the present edition contains concise biographical sketches of n.55 1 living
men and women. They are either Americans themselves or are so closely identi-
fied with American affairs or interests as to be subjects of American inquiry or
discussion. Thus, foreign ambassadors and ministers accredited to this country are
included. So are some foreign actors, lecturers and others who, by frequent visits,
or in some other way, have become subjects of inquiry or interest in this
country. Endeavor has been made to include all Americans of more than local
note in all lines of useful effort. Most of these have been selected as a matter of
judgment for which no inflexible rule can be established. Many others, however,
have been arbitrarily included, the ex-officio admissions aiming to embrace all
members of the Fifty-seventh Congress ; all governors of the States and Terri-
tories now in office; all United States judges? all judges of State and Territorial
courts of highest appellate jurisdiction; also persons of other important official
classifications; all presidential and vice-presidential candidates of 1900; members
of the national committees of the two principal political parties and heads of the
others ; members of the National Academy of Sciences ; members of the National
Academy of Design ; educational heads of all the larger universities and colleges ;
as well as some other arbitrary classifications.

It is believed that the book, with the condensed form of statement it has
adopted, contains more biographical information than was ever before compressed
into so small a space ; and more than half of this is information which can not be
found elsewhere in print. The former edition was characterized by one of
our distinguished scientists as a "compendium of intellectual life in America," and
by a famous diplomat and litterateur as '"indispensable to any one who would


keep pace with the age." In the production of the present volume there has been
a constant endeavor to maintain the standard of work which has evoked these and
hundreds of similar commendations. It mirrors the national life in all its various
phases; the developments of science and industry; the marshaling of financial
forces on a scale never before attempted; the building up of intelligence by the
increasing magnificence and widening scope of educational facilities; the growing
power of the Nation in military, naval and commercial strength ; the development
of literature and art; the ministry of the Gospel at home and abroad through
American agencies ; the progress and evolution of new social and political
theories and potentialities. All these and other phases of American activity and
progress are pictured through the life sketches of the men and women who best
represent them. Here are epitomized the stories of opportunities grandly improved
by thousands of men and women who have helped to shape the conditions of
To-Day in American thought and action, and who are bearing an important share
in fashioning the still more grand To-Morrow of our land. The book is full of
sociological suggestion, and of much else that is worthy of more than casual
reference. Even the flavor of romantic adventure is not wanting, for there are
stories of explorers, of warriors and of pioneers, and of men, like Lamar Fon-
taine, for instance, whose true adventures surpass those of many of the most fanci-
ful heroes of imaginative literature.

The volume for 1901-1902 is in all essentials a new book: every line reset, about
90 per cent of the old matter revised, and additions made which make the volume
about 52 per cent larger than before.

The policy of appending to practically every sketch the present address of its
subject is the one which has involved the greatest expenditure of time and labor
and a vast amount of correspondence. It is scarcely possible that any reader
can conceive how difficult this work has really been with reference to quite a
large percentage of the total number. Persons sought for in the Rocky Mountain
region have been finally located in Paris. People whose last suggested address
was in Maine have been found in California, and in many cases a dozen or more
letters have been necessary to procure the desired information. But the results
are fully worth the trouble. One distinguished man testified that through its
agency he had been enabled to open correspondence with a score of college friends
whose addresses he had sought in vain for years. This feature of a handy directory
-combined with a biographical dictionary has met with the widest approval and
appreciation. The proved usefulness of the book has extended to practically all
classes of men and institutions. Its use by newspapers is, of course, very great,
and that it is indispensable in libraries is also equally obvious. It has taken, also,
a very prominent place in educational institutions, and particularly in universities
and colleges, where its accessory value in connection with practically every branch
of higher education has gained the widest recognition.

With a view to future revisions, as time or necessity shall make them advisable,
suggestions for further improvement, changes in biographical data, notices of
deaths and announcements of changes of address as they occur, are again invited.
Chicago, August 1, 1901.


Abbreviations X

Educational Statistics XIII

Birth and Residence Statistics XV

Who's Who in America (Biographical) 17

Addenda 1279

Key to Publishers 1280

Necrology T2.S4


Military Schools.

Cheltenham Military Academy 1345

Holbrook's (Dr.) Military School 1330

Mount Pleasant Military Academy 1315

Riverview Military Academy 1338

Shattuck School 1312

Worrall Hall Military Academy 1340


Donohue, M. A. & Co 1352

Western Newspaper Union 1351


A. N. Marquis & Co 1350

Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Rail-
way 1349

Sanitariums and Springs.

Avon Springs Sanitarium 1338

Clifton Springs Sanitarium 1348

Glen Springs 1347

Grey Towers 1348

Jackson Sanatorium 1346

Pennoyer Sanitarium 1348

Riverview Sanitarium 1347

Schools and Colleges.

Adelphi College 1327

Albany Female Academy 1331

Allen English and Classical School 1323

Allentown College for Women 1345

Bancroft School (The) 1343

Boston University 1307

Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences. 1331
Browne and Nichols School for Boys... 1325
Chamberlayne's (Miss) School for Girls. 1340

Chandler, Kate H., Miss 1328

Chestnut Hill Academy 1338

Classical School for Girls 1339

Commonwealth Avenue School 1328

Cornell University 131fi

Curry, S. S., Ph. D 1342

Dana Hall School 1322

De Meritte School 1340

Diocesan Schools of Bishop Whip-
ple 1312,1313

Drexel Institute 1309

Episcopal High School 1345

Evers, Olive Adele, Miss 1319

Frye Private School 1329

Fuller, Clara C 1341

Girls' Classical School 1318

Gordon's (Miss) French and English
School 1345

Gunston Institute 1338

Harvard University 1324

Haverford College Grammar School 1329

Hildreth's (A.), School 1341

Home Institute 1344

Houghton Seminary 1338

Irving Institute 1344

Johns Hopkins University 130G

Kemper Hall, Kenosha, Wis 1314

Kenwood Institute 1332

Mackie's (The Misses) School 1342

Marshall Seminary for Girls 1345

Massachusetts Institute of Technology.. 1325

Metcalf, Miss M. W 1344

Moravian Seminary 1345

Morgan, Mrs. Leslie 1344

Mt. St. Agnes' College 1343

National Academy of Design 1337

Newark Seminary 1323

New York Protestant Episcopal Public

School 1310, 1311

Ogontz School for Young Ladies 1345

Ossining School 1341

Overbrook School 1344

Pennsylvania College for Women 1332

Princeton-Yale School 1339

St. Agatha School for Girls 1311

St. Gabriel's School, Peekskill, N. Y...1314

Saint Mary's Hall 1312

St. Mary School, New York 1314

St. Mary's School, Memphis 1314

St. Paul's School 1317

Scoville, Helen M., Mrs 1339

Secretarial Institute and Training School
of Young Men's Christian Associa-
tions 1343

Seabury Divinity School 1312

Sewall, May Wright 1318

Shattuck School 1312

Siglar School 1337

Stanley Hall 1319

Starrett, Helen E. (School) 1343

Syracuse Classical School 1342

Thurston Preparatory School 1333

Travis, A. Lincoln 1342

Trinity School for Boys 1310

Tufts College 1308

University of Chicago 1326

University Preparatory School 1317

Washington and Jefferson Colle~e 1321

Wellesley College , 1323

Western University of Pennsylvania. . .1320

Wild, Payson S 1339

Wilson School for Boys 1341.



Worcester Educational and Industrial

Bureau 1331

Worcester Polytechnic Institute 1340

Schools of Art.

Eric Pape School of Art 1328

National Academy of Design 1337

Schools of Dentistry.

Chicago College of Dental Surgery 1334

Online LibraryInc Marquis Who's WhoWho's who in America (Volume 2) → online text (page 1 of 324)