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iue, editor, playwright; b. Kingstown,
Ireland, July 31, 1846; came to U. S., 1868;
on editorial staff New York Herald, 1870-S3;
mng. editor New York Morning Journal,
1883-95: editor Criterion. New York, 18y8-
1900. Plays: Heartsease; (in collaboration)
For Bonnie Prince Charlie; The First Vio-
lin; Her Majesty. Author: Robert Emmet, a
Tragedy, 1888; Malmorda, a Metrical Ro-
mance, 1893. Address: 159 W. 95th St., New

CLARKE, Rebecca Sophia ("Sophie
May"), author; b. Norridgewock, Me., Feb.
22, 1833; d. Asa and Sophia (Bates) C. ; ed.
Norridgewock, Me. ; Has been writing since

, 1863. Author: Little Prudy Stories (6 vols.),
1863-5; Dotty Dimple Stories (6 vols.), 1867-
9; Little Prudy's Flyaway Series (6 vols.),
1870-3; Quinnebasset Series (6 vols.), 1871-91;
Flaxie Frizzle Stories (6 vols.), 1876-84; Lit-
tle Prudy's Children Series (6 vols.), 1894-
1901; all L3. Also Drone's Honey (novel);
Pauline Wyman (for young women); The
Campion Diamonds. Address: Norridgewock,

CLARKE, Richard Henry, lawyer, au-
thor; b. Washington, July 3, 1827, lineal de-
scendant of Robert Clarke, one of the found-
ers of Md., 1634; grad. Georgetown Univ.
(A. M., LL. D.; also LL. D., St. Johns
Coll., Fordham); m. 1858, Ada Semmes, near
relative of Admiral Raphael Semmes of C.
S. N. Admitted to bar, 1848, at Washing-
ton; practiced there until 1864; since then
in New York; was associated with Charles
O'Conor in some important cases. Former-
ly pres. New York Catholic Protectory;
mem. Sons Am. Revolution; connected with
philanthropic socs. Editor: History of the
Bench and Bar of New York. Author: Il-
lustrated History of the Catholic Church in
the United States; Lives of the American
Catholic Bishops; Old and New Lights on
Columbus. Contributor on public and hist,
subjects to mags, and reviews. Address: 49-
51 Chambers St., New York.

CLARKE, Samuel Fessenden,prof. nat-
ural history, Williams Coll. ; b. Geneva,
111., June 4, 1851; grad. Sheffield Scientific
School, 1878 (Ph. D., Johns Hopkins, 1879;
A. M., Williams); m. April 5, 1892, Eliza-
beth Crocker Lawrence, Newton, Mass.
Asst. to the U. S. Fish Comm'n, 1874-5; fel-
low in biology, Johns Hopkins, 1S79-81; be-
came, 1882, lecturer at Smith Coll. Author:
The Development of a Double Headed Ver-
tebrate; The Habits and Embryology of the
American Alligator; Descriptions of New
and Rare Species of Hydroids from the New
Engand Coast; The Hydroids of the Pacific
Coast of the United States South of Van-
couver Island; Report on the Hydroids of
Alaska; Development of Amblystoma Punc-
tatum; New Hydroids from Chesapeake
Bay; The Hydroids of the West Coast of
Central America Collected by Mr. Alexan-
der Agassiz. Address: Williamstown, Mass.

CLARKE, Sarab. J., author; b. Norridge-
wock, Me., Sept. 12, 1840; d. Asa and Sophie

(Bates) C. : ed. Norridgewock, Me. Author:
Little Miss Weezy, 1886 L3; Little Miss
Weezy's Brother, 1888 L3; Little Miss Wee-
zy 's Sister, 1890 L3; Young Master Kirke,
1895 L3; The Merry Five, 1897 L3; Boys in
Clover, 1898 D8; The Happy Six, 1899 L3;
Boy Donald, 1900 L3; Boy Donald and His
Chum, 1901 L3. Has written stories in Har-
per's and other periodicals. Address: Nor-
ridgewock, Me.

CLARKE, Thomas Benedict, pres. New
York School of Applied Design since 1895; b.
New York, Dec. 11, 1S48; s. George W. (Ph.
D.) and Mary C. ; ed. Washington Colle-
giate Inst., New York; m. New York, Nov.
14, 1871, Fanny E. Morris. Founder of the
competition prize at the Nat. Acad. Design;
formed an Am. Art Collection which sold in
1899 at Chickering Hall, New York, for
$235,000. Well known as an art collector
and connoisseur. Mem. Century Assn., Nat.
Acad. Design, Am. Fine Arts Soc, Archaeol.
Soc, Am. Museum of Natural History,
Chamber of Commerce, etc. Residence: 22 E.
35th St. Office: 5 E. 34th St., New York.

CLARKE, William Newton, prof. Chris-
tian theology Colgate Univ. since 1890; b.
Cazenovia, N. Y., Dec. 2, 1841; grad. Col-
gate (then Madison) Univ., 1861; (D. D.,
same, 1878; D. D., Yale, 1900); Hamilton
Theol. Sem., 1863; m. Sept. 1, 1869, Emily
A. Smith, Waverly, Pa. Pastor Bapt. chs.,
Keene, N. H., 1863-9; Newton Centre, Mass.,
1869-80; Montreal, Que., 1880-3; Hamilton,
N. Y., 1887-90. Prof. Toronto Bapt. Coll.,
1883-7. Author: Commentary on the Gospel
of Mark, 1881 B4; The Circle of Theology,
an Introduction to Theological Study, 1897
A7; Outline of Christian Theology, 1897 S3;
What Shall We Think of Christianity? 1899
S3; Can I Believe in God the Father? 1899;
A Study of Christian Misions, 1900 S3.
Address: Hamilton, N. Y.

CLARKSON, James S., journalist, poli-
tician; b. Ind., 1842; removed to Iowa, 1856;
ed. public schools; m. 1867, Anna Howell.
Became school teacher, 1859; enlisted in inf.
regt. 1861, "and cav. regt. 1862, but rejected
because of weak lungs; served on Daily
State Register, Des Moines, as printer, fore-
man, business mgr. and editor, and with his
brother purchased it, 1870; sold his interest,
1891. Chmn. Iowa State Rep. com., 1866, and
several yrs. after; declined mission to
Switzerland, 1869; postmaster Des Moines,
1871-7; 1st asst. P. M. Gen., 1889-90; re-
signed; mem. Rep. Nat. Convs., 1876 to 1896;
mem. Nat. Rep. Com., 1880-96; Com. chmn.,
1890-2; declined mission to China, 1890; pres.
Republican League U. S., 1891-2; now pres.
New York & New Jersey Bridge Co., which
is building a suspension bridge over Hud-
son river at 59th St., New York, to cost,
together with terminals in New York City,
$65,000,000. Residence: 2 W. 88th St. Office:
Park Row Bldg., New York.

CLARKSON, Louise, see Whitelock,
Louise Clarkson.

CLARKSON, Ralph, portrait painter; b.
Amesbury, Mass., Aug. 3, 1861; s. Joseph T.
Clarkson; ed. Amesbury, Mass., high school;
studied art, Boston Art Museum until 1884;



Julian Acad, under Lefebvre and Boulanger,
1884-7. Exhibited in Salon of 1887. Re-
turned to New York, where painted por-
traits. In 1892 again went abroad, spending
part of the time in Italy; returned to Ameri-
ca, 1895, and settled in Chicago, 1891; m.
Fanny Rose Calhoun, Hartford, Conn., Jan.
15, 1890. One of original members New
York Water Color Soc. Residence: Hotel
Newberry. Studio: 203 Michigan Av., Chi-

CLARKSOIV, Richard Perkinhon, ed-
itor and prin. owner Iowa State Register; o.
Brookville, Ind., 1840; learned printing trade
in office of Brookville American, owned by
his father; moved with family to Grundy
Co., la., 1855; printer in office of Des Moines
Register several months in 1861; enlisted,
Oct., 1861, in Co. A, 12th la. inf.; captured
at Shiloh, April 6, 1862, and spent 7 months
in Confederate prison; returned to regt. ana
served to end of war; worked on the family
farm, 1865-70, when he, with his father,
Coker F., and brother, James S. C, bought
the State Register; the sons bought the
father's interest, 1872; and in 1889 James S.
sold his interest to R. P. C, who, with his
sons, conducts the paper; m. Sept. 4, 1867,
Aggie, Green. Address: 805 Pleasant St., Des
Moines, la.

CLARKSON, Thaddens Stevens, gen.
mgr. Trans-Miss, and Internat. Exp'n, Oma-
ha, 1898; b. Gettysburg, Pa., April 26, 1840;
grad. St. James Coll., Washington Co., Md.,
1857; ro. 1862, Mary B. Matteson, Chicago.
Went to Chicago, 1857; read law, 1858; clerk
in Chicago, 1859-61; served in army, 1861-5,
private 1st 111. to maj. 3rd Ark. cav U. S.
vols. ; in all battles in S. W. Mo. and Ark. ;
moved to Omaha, 1866; dept. comdr. of Neb
1890- junior vice comdr. -in-chief, 1891,
comdr. -in-chief, 1896 to 1897 G. A R.; post-
master Omaha, 1890-5. Address: 1912 S. 34th
St., Omaha, Neb.

CLARY, Albert G., commodore U. S. N.,
retired 1874; b. Mass., 1812; apptd. to navy,
May 8 1832; served in Pacific squadron, 18d4-
6- naval school, New York, 1837; passed
midshipman, July 8, 1839; It, April 11, 1845;
served in Mexican war; comd. U. fc>. b. Ana-
costia, Potomac flotilla, 1861; engagement
Aquia Creek, May 31, and battle Port Royal,
Nov 7, 1861; comdr., July 16, 1862, in block-
ade service to end of Civil War; capt., Nov.
21, 1866; commodore, 1873. Address: Lisbon,

CLARY, Joseph Monroe, pres. Greer
Coll. since 1900; b. Saline Co., 111., July 28,
1861- s. William D. and Mary A. (Young)
C grad. Univ. of Mo., LL. B.; Chaddock
Coll A B ; 2 yrs. grad. work in history
and "economics, Univ. of Wis.; widower.
Lecturer on various subjects. Author: Our
Nation's History and Song, 1896 Kl. Address:
Hoopeston, 111.
CLARY-SQUIRE, Mary Louise, concert
and oratorio singer; b. (Clary) Monroeville,
O 1867; musical ed'n in New York under
Belari, the Damroschs and Sauvage; m. 1892,
Remington Squire, musical mgr.. s. ex-U.
S. Senator W. C. Squire, Washington.

Debut with New York Oratorio Soc. in Sam-
son and Delilah, 1893; contralto soloist with
St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York, since
1893; soloist with N. Y. Symphony and Seidl
Orchestras; with Theodore Thomas at
World's Columbian Exp'n, and for prin.
oratorio socs. and music festivals of U. S.
and Canada. Address: 125 E. 24th St., New

CLAXTON, Kate (Mrs. Charles A. Ste-
venson), actress; b. New York, 1850; d.
Spencer Wallace Cone; g. d. Rev. Spencer
Houghton Cone; first professional engage-
ment with Miss Lotta, Chicago, 1870; fall of
same year joined Augustin Daly's 5th Ave.
Theatre, New York; became mem. of A. M.
Palmer's Union Square Theatre, spring of
1872, playing principally comedy roles. Cre-
ated part of Louise in "The Two Orphans."
First starring tour, 1876; m. March 3, 1878,
Charles A. Stevenson. Address: Larchmont
Manor, N. Y.

CLAY, Alexander Stephens, U. S. sen-
ator, 1897-1903, lawyer; b. farm CobbCo.,Ga.,
Sept. 25, 1853; grad. Hiawassee Coll., 1875;
taught school 2 yrs.; admitted to bar, 1877;
has ever since practiced law; mem. Marietta
city council, 1880-1; gen. assembly, 1884-7
(speaker, 1886-7) ; mem. and pres. senate,
1S92-4; since 1894 chmn. State Dem. Com.
Home: Marietta, Ga.

CLAY, Cassins Marcellus, lawyer; b.
Madison Co., Ky., Oct. 19, 1810; grad. Yale,
1832; became abolitionist as result of a
speech of William Lloyd Garrison, though
his parents were slave-holders; mem. Ky.
legislature 3 terms; practiced law in Lex-
ington; in 1845 issued there The True Ameri-
can, an anti-slavery paper. The office was
mobbed, but afterward he printed the paper
in Cincinnati, but circulated it in Ky. ;
served with gallantry as officer of vols, in
Mexican war; supported Taylor, Fremont
and Lincoln; was minister to Russia, 1861-9;
supported Greeley, 1872, and Tilden in 1876,
but advocated Blaine's election in 1884.
Address: White Hall, Madison Co., Ky.

CLAYPOLE, Edith Jane, asst. in physi-
ology Cornell Univ. Med. School, 1899-1901;
b. Bristol, England, 1870; d. Dr. E. W. C;
grad. Buchtel Coll., Akron, O., Ph. B., 1892;
M. S., Cornell, 1893; entered med. course
Cornell, 1899; studied at Mass. Inst. Tech-
nology, 1893-4; held Wellesley Coll. table at
Woods Holl Biol. Sta., summer of 1895-6;
instr. zoology, Wellesley, 1894-9; acting head
of dept., 1896-8. Mem. Sigma Xi; fellow A.
A. A. S., Am. Micros. Soc. Wrote: Blood
of Necturus and Cryptobranchus* Proc.
Am. Micros. Soc, 1893-4; Comparative His-
tology of Blood and Muscle, same, 1895-6;
Comparative Histology of the Digestive
Tract, same, 1896-7; etc. Address: 125 N.
Marengo Av., Pasadena, Calif, (during va-
cations, etc.)

CLAY r POLE, Edward Waller, geologist;
b. England, June 1, 1835; grad. Univ. of
London, B. A., 1862; B. Sc, 1864; D. Sc,
18S8. Has been engaged in teaching for 40
yrs. ; now prof, geology and biology, Poly-
technic Inst., Pasadena, Calif.; was for a



time on geol. survey of Pa. Author of Re-
port F2 on geology of Perry Co., Pa., and
many papers and essays on geol. and biol.
subjects. Mem. geol. socs. of London, Edin-
burgh and America; A. A. A. S. Address:
Pasadena, Calif.

CLAYTON, Bertram Tracy, civil eng'r;
b. Clayton, Ala., Oct. 19, 1862; attended
Univ. of Ala., 1880-2; grad. U. S. Mil. Acad.,
1S86; m. June 12, 1887, Louise M. Brasher,
Brooklyn. Apptd. 2d It. U. S. inf., 1886;
resigned, 18S8, to go into business civ. eng'r,
Brooklyn. Adj. 13th reg't N. Y. Nat. Guard,
1890; maj. and eng'r 2d brigade, 1894; organ-
ized troop C and elected capt., 1896, comdg.
same during Spanish- Am. war; in action at
Coama, Puerto Rico, Aibonito Pass. Elected
col. 14th regt., N. G. N. Y., June, 1899.
Mem. Congress, 4th dist. N. Y., 1899-1901.
Democrat. Residence: Cropsey Av. and 23rd
Av., Bensonhurst, L. I. Office: 8th Av. and
15th St., Brooklyn.

CLAYTON, Henry De Lamar, congress-
man, 3rd Ala. dist., 1897-1903; b. Barbour
Co., Ala.; grad. Univ. of Ala., 1878; studied
law and admitted to bar; has since prac-
ticed his profession at Clayton, Barbour Co.,
and subsequently at Eufaula, Ala. ; elected
presidential elector, 1888-92; mem. Nat.
Dem. Com. since 1888; U. S. att'y for mid-
dle dist. of Ala., May, 1893, to Oct., 1896.
Home: Eufaula, Ala.

CLAYTON, Henry Helm, meteorologist
Blue Hill Meteorol. Observatory since Jan.,
1894; b. M urfreesboro, Tenn., March 12,
1861; ed. common schools, 1869-77; m. Sept.
21, 1892, Prances Fawn Coman, Athens, Ala.
Assistant Astron. Observatory, Ann Ar-
bor, Mich., 1884-5; asst. Harvard Astron.
Observatory, 1885-6; observer, Blue Hill
Meteorol. Observatorv, 1886-91; local fore-
cast official U. S. Weather Bureau, 1891-3.
Author: Discussions of the Cloud Observa-
tions at Blue Hill; Exploration of the Air
by Means of Kites; The Lawrence Tornado
(all in Annals of the Harvard Coll. Astron.
Observatory) ; The Eclipses Cyclone and
the Diurnal Cyclones; A Study of Cyclonic
and Anticyclonic Phenomena with Kites;
has also written much for Am. and Euro-
pean scientific journals on meteorol. sub-
jects. Was consulting expert in the Cloud
Atlas prepared by the Hydrographic Office
under Capt. Sigsbee, U. S. N. Address: Hyde
Park, Mass.

CLAYTON, Powell, U. S. ambassador to
Mexico; b. Bethel, Delaware Co., Pa., Aug.
7, 1833; academic ed'n; studied civ. eng'ring
at Wilmington, Del.; went West; eng'r and
surveyor, Leavenworth, Kan., 1859; in Un-
ion army, 1861-5, capt. 1st Kan. inf. to brig.-
gen. After war, planter in Ark.; gov. Ark.,
1868-71; U. S. senator. 1871-7; pres. and gen.
mgr. Eureka Springs Ry. ; mem. of every
Nat. Rep. Conv., 1872-96; mem. from Ark. of
Nat. Rep. Com. Home: Eureka Springs,
Ark. Official Address: American Embassy,
City of Mexico.

CLAYTON, William Henry Harrison,
judge U. S. Dist. Court, Indian Ty. Address:
6. McAlester, Ind. Ty.

CLEAVES, Henry B., lawyer; 6. Bridgton,
Me., 1840; ed. common schools and Brighton
Acad. ; served in Union army, 1862-5, private
to 1st It.; worked in sash factory at Bridg-
ton, 1865-7; studied law; admitted to bar
Sept., 1868; practiced in Bath, 1868-9; since
1869 in Portland. Mem. Me. legislature,
1876-7; city solicitor, Portland, 1877-9; att'y-
gen., Me., 1880-5; gov., 1893-7; Republican.
Address: Portland, Me.

( LEEMANN, Rielinrd Alsop, M. D. ; b.

Phila., Feb. 22, 1810; s. G. B. C. and Clara-
mond Colquhoun C; ed. private schools,
Phila.; grad. Univ. of Pa., 1859, A. M., 1862;
grad. med. dept., same, 1862; unmarried.
Resident phys. Hosp. of P. E. Ch., 1862;
acting asst. surgeon, U. S. A., 1862-4; phys.
St. Mary's Hosp., 1872-9; mgr. Hosp. of
Univ. of Pa. since 1880; mem. bd. health,
Phila., 1879-87; director Charities and Cor-
rections, Phila., 1887-92; mem. (now pres.)
State Quarantine Bd. of Pa., since 1893;
mem. bd. mgrs. Pa. Inst'n for Instruction
of Blind. Fellow Coll. of Phys., Phila.,
mem. Phila. Co. Med. Soc, Am. Med. Assn.,
Internat. Med. Congress, London, 1881,
Pathol. Soc. and Obstet. Soc, Phila., Am.
Acad. Medicine, Pediatric Soc, Am. Clima-
tol. Assn., Am. Philos. Soc, Soc. of Colo-
nial Wars in Pa. Has written reports on
meteorology and epidemics in Trans. Coll.
Phys. of Phila and other socs. ; also arti-
cles in med. journals. Address: 2135 Spruce
St., Philadelphia.

CLEMENS, Samuel Langhorne ("Mark
Twain"), author, lecturer; b. Florida, Mo.,
Nov. 30, 1835; ed. common schools, Hanni-
bal, Mo.; apprenticed to printer at 13;
worked at trade; for a short time was Mis-
sissippi pilot; became, 1861, private sec. to
his brother; apptd. territorial sec, Nev. ;
became city editor Virginia City (Nev.) En-
terprise; alternated between mining and
newspaper work until, becoming noted as
a humorist, he began lecturing and writ-
ing books; founded, 1884, publishing house
of C. L. Webster & Co., failure of which
involved him in heavy losses; has since
paid its debts by proceeds of lectures and
books; has traveled extensively. Married.
Author: The Jumping Frog, 1867; The Inno-
cents Abroad, 1869; Autobiography and First
Romance, 1871; The Gilded Age, 1873 (with
C. D. Warner); Roughing It, 1872; Sketches
New and Old, 1873; Adventures of Tom Saw-
yer, 1876; Punch Brothers, Punch, 1878; A
Tramp Abroad, 1880; The Prince and the
Pauper, 1880; The Stolen White Elephant,
1882; Life on the Mississippi, 1883; The Ad-
ventures of Huckleberry Finn, 1885; Mem-
oirs of General and Mrs. Grant, 1886; A
Yankee at the Court of King Arthur, 1889;
The American Claimant, 1892; Merry Tales,
1892; The 1,000,000 Bank Note, 1893; Pud-
dinhead Wilson, 1894.; Tom Sawyer Abroad,
1894; Joan of Arc, 1896; More Tramps
Abroad, 1897; The Man That Corrupted
Hadleyburg, 1900; Following the Equator.
Address: Hartford, Conn.

CLEMENT, Clara Ersklne, see Waters,
Clara Erskine Clement.



CLEMENT, Clay, actor, playwright; b.
Green Tp., Woodford Co., 111., Dec. 21, 1863;
s. Christian Geiger; ed. El Paso, 111.; grad.
prep. dept. Univ. of Chicago, 1892, Univ. of
Chicago, 1895; read law in Chicago with
Judge W. L. Snell 1 yr. ; actor and play-
wright, since June, 1883; m. Chicago, July
14, 1898, Karra Thompson. Author: (plays)
The New Dominion; A Southern Gentleman.
Contributor of short poems and articles to
newspapers. Residence: Panola, Woodford
Co., 111. Office: Klaw & Erlanger's Ex-
change, 40th and Broadway, New York.

CLEMENT, Edward Henry, editor-in-
chief Boston Transcript since 1881; b. Chel-
sea, Mass., April 19, 1843; s. Cyrus C. ; ed.
at Tuft's Coll., class of 1864 (A. M.); m.,
1st, New York, 1869, Gertrude Pound; 2d,
Boston, 1898, Josephine Hill Russell. Was
editor Savannah Daily News, 1864-5; brief
engagements on Boston papers; managing
editor Newark Daily Advertiser; prop. Eliz-
abeth Daily Journal, 1871; asst. editor Tran-
script, 1875. One of founders of St. Botolph
Club. Occasional contributor of poems and
fiction to Harper's, Century, Atlantic, etc.
Residence: 3 Regent Circle, Brookline, Mass.
Office: 324 Washington St., Boston.

CLEMENTS, Frederic Edward, instr.
botany, Univ. of Neb., since 1894; b. Lin-
coln, Neb., Sept. 16, 1874; ed. public schools
Lincoln, 1880-90; grad. Univ. of Neb., 1894;
M. A., 1896; Ph. D., 1898; m. Lincoln, Neb.,
May 30, 1899, Edith Schwartz. Pres. The
Bot. Seminar; sec. Bot. Survey of Neb.;
asso. Bot. Soc. of America. Author: The
Phytogeography of Nebraska 1, 1898; same,
2d edition, 1900; also monograph Histo-
genesis of the Caryophyllates in Transac-
tions, Am. Micros. Soc, 1899; A Laboratory
Manual of High School Botany, 1900.
Residence: 616 N. 16th St., Lincoln, Neb.

CLEMENTS, Jtidson C, Interstate Com-
merce Comm'r since March, 1892; b. Walker
Co., Ga., Feb. 12, 1846; ed. private school
and acad. there; studied law at Cumberland
Univ., Lebanon, Tenn., 1868; m. Dec. 2,
1886, Lizzie E. Dulaney, Louisville, Ky. In
C. S. A., private and 1st It., Jan., 1864, to
end of war; admitted to bar, 1869; practiced
at La Payette, Ga. ; co. school comm'r,
Walker Co., 1871; mem. Ga. legislature,
1S72-6; State senator from 44th Ga. dist,
3877; mem. Congress, 7th Ga. dist., 1881-91.
Home: Rome, Ga. Address: 2113 Bancroft
PL, Washington.

CLEMENTS, Newton N., mcht. ; b. Tus-
caloosa Co., Ala., Dec. 23, 1837. Mem. Ala.
legislature, 1870-8, twice speaker; mem.
Congress, 1878-80; candidate for gov., Ala.,
1900. Address: Tuscaloosa, Ala.

CLEMMONS, Katherine, see Gould, Mrs.

CLENDENIN, Prank Montrose, clergy-
man; b. Washington, Sept. 17, 1853; acad.
ed'n at Columbian Univ. ; grad. Princeton,
1879; (S. T. D., Nashotah, 1893); m. Ga-
brielle, d. late Horace Greeley; ordained
deacon and priest, 1880; rector St. George,
Belleville, 111., 1880-3; Grace Ch., Cleveland,
O., 1883-7; since 1887 rector St. Peter's Ch.,

West Chester, N. Y. ; was a leader in the
municipal battle of 5 yrs., resulting in an-
nexing West Chester to New York, also in
the breaking up of the Tammany ring
which controlled West Chester's affairs; op-
posed the ordination of Rev. Dr. Briggs and
is one of the leading writers against the
"higher critics." Author: Idols by the Sea,
and Other Sermons. Address: The Rectory,
West Chester, New York City.

CLENDENIN, William Wallace, educa-
tor; b. Audrain Co., Mo., April 5, 1862; grad.
Mo. State Univ., B. Sc, 1886; (M. Sc, 1889;
M. A. Harvard, 1892); m. June 20, 1895,
Amanda McKowen Pipes, E. Feliciana Par-
ish, La. Was twice granted Morgan fellow-
ship (500) at Harvard; reared on farm and
taught common schools before attending
univ. ; taught mathematics, 1886-7, Christian
Univ., Canton, Mo.; asst. mineralogy and
geology, Mo. Univ., 1889-93; prof, mineralogy
and geology, La. State Univ., and geologist
of La. agr'l and geol. survey (1893-8). Pub-
lished 5 reports on geology and agr. of La.
Supt. Bless Mil. Acad., Macon City, Mo.,
since April, 1899. Author: Louisiana Supple-
ment to Hinman's Geography, and many
scientific papers. Mem. A. A. A. S. and La.
Soc. Naturalists. Address: Mexico, Mo.

CLEPHANE, James Ogilvie, lawyer,
financier; b. Washington, Feb. 21, 1842; s.
James C, of Edinburgh, Scotland. In early
life became interested in the typewriter and
other inventions, and expended much cap-
ital in their development; under his direc-
tion the first Sholes, or Remington, type-
writer was built; suggested to Mr. Ottmar
Mergenthaler the idea of a typesetting ma-
chine, and furnished the means whereby
was evolved the present successful Lino-
type machine. Later was assisted by White-
law Reid, William C. Whitney and Ogden
Mills; at his instance the Fowler and
Heinkle press was constructed, enabling
press work to be done directly from lino-
type bars, making stereotyping unneces-
sary; organized the Am. Graphophone Co.
to develop invention of the Graphophone of
Profs. Graham Bell and Summer Tainter;
also organizer and pres. Horton Basket Ma-
chine Co. and the Locke Steel Belt Co.
Address: 45 Broadway, New York.

CLEVELAND, Abner Cowurn, cattle-
man, miner, politician; b. Me., Nov. 17, 1839;
ed. public schools in Me. till 1857; m. Jan.
19, 1868, Kate M. Peters. Mem. Nev. legis-
lature, 1869; State senate, 1870-4; comm'r to
Washington to settle territorial indebted-
ness, 1871; presidential elector, 1888 and 1892;
candidate for gov., 1894; delegate Rep. Nat.
Conv., 1892, 1896; left conv. with silver
Reps., 1896; independent candidate U. S.
senate, 1898; stumped the state for Repub-
lican ticket, 1900. Address: Cleveland, Nev.

CLEVELAND, Cynthia Eloise, author;
b. Canton, N. Y., Aug. 13, 1845; d. Erin and
Laura (Marsh) C. ; ed. at Medina Acad., N.
Y. ; was the 1st woman admitted to practice
law in Dakota (1883) ; pioneered temperance
work for W. C. T. U. (1880-3), with the re-
sult that the Dakotas came into the Union



with prohibition in their organic law; only
woman ever apptd. to a gov't clerkship upon
a civil service law exam. (1885) ; grad. law
dept. Howard Univ., 1899; took post-grad-
uate course, LL. M., 1900. Author: See-Saw
(story of Washington political life), 1887;
His Honor (story of regular army life), 1889;
etc. Also known as political speaker first
as independent Republican, later as Demo-
crat. Address: 2933 15th St. N. W., Wash-

CLEVELAND, Frances Folsom; b. (Fol-
som) Buffalo, N. Y., 1864. Her father, a
lawyer, died, 1875, and his partner, Grover
Cleveland, became her guardian; grad. Me-
dina, N. Y., High School and Wells Coll.;
m. President Cleveland in Executive Man-
sion, June 2, 1886. Address: Westland,
Princeton, N. J.

CLEVELAND, Grover, ex-Pres. of the U.
S. ; b. Caldwell, Essex Co., N. J., March
18, 1837; academic ed'n; (LL. D., Princeton,
1897); m. June 2, 1886, Frances Folsom.
Went to Buffalo, 1855, became clerk in a
law office and was admitted to bar, 1859;
asst. dist. att'y Erie Co., 1863-6; sheriff
Erie Co., 1870-3; established law practice;

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