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YPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES

3 3433 08230786" 3




SCANNELL'S



MEW JERSEY'S FIRST

CITIZENS



Biographies and Portraits of the Notable Living

Men and Women of New Jersey with

informing glimpses into the State's

History and Affairs



1917-1918

(Vol. I.)
Editor-in-Chief, William E. Sackett

Revised and Reissued Biennially
(Next issue January, 1919)

J. J. SCANNELL Editor and Publisher - Paterson, N. J.



THE NEW .
PUBLIC LIBRARY

831780

ASTOR, LENOX AND
TILDEN FOUNDAIIONS

R 1917 L






:



Copyright, 1917,



J. J. Scannell, Paterson, N. J.



"New Jersey's First Citizens" will be revised arid reissued

biennially in January. The next edition will be for

the years 19191920 (Vol. II) and will be

published in January, 1919.



'History is the essence of innumerable
biographies."



A FOREWORD BY THE PUBLISHER.



These pages present an authoritative list of The Firsts, hi their several
lines of activity, among the ranking people of New Jersey. It is the first
attempt ever made to give the State this something she has long needed.
Enterprising sons have provided other states that approach New Jersey
in dignity, wealth and importance, with their separate rolls of honor; it is
high time New Jersey were provided with hers. The State owes it to her-
self to pause to rear her Hall of Fame to those among her people who, in
the sum of (heir endeavors, are contributing so much to her aggrandize-
ment ; those who are carrying her standards so far aloft are equally en-
titled to the recognition. NEW JERSEY'S FIRST CITIZENS comes to fill
the void in the literature of the state.

A work of this kind must needs explore all the fields of decent effort,
be cosmopolitan in its reach and endlessly variegated in its topics. .It
must be something quite unlike a social register, nor stop to take account
of names that are never found outside of check books. Social distinc-
tion and riches have come to some as the perquisite of their greatness
in the loftier paths of endeavor ; but society and wealth are not the glory
of the citizenship here depicted. Neither by itself could command a line of
recognition in these pages. Achievement alone has been the test of eligibili-
ty for admission here. NEW JERSEY'S FIRST CITIZENS is dedicated
to the gifted men and women who have forged their way to the front in do-
ing things that make for honor, welfare and progress who have helped
to make of New Jersey what she is and of her citizenship what it is the
leaders, in their several specialties, among the useful people of the common-
wealth.

And I am surprised to know how many of these make their homes
among us. This work was undertaken, of course, with a knowledge of the
State that enabled me to sense the splendor of its citizenship; but I did
not realize how splendid it is till I was deep in the details of this enter-
prise. The pages of a work three times the size of this would scarcely
make possible the tribute that is due to all who have earned it. The space
limitations that confine me to so few where there are so many, is a matter
of sincere regret. A system of condensation in the future periodical issues



viii Foreword

of the work for it is planned to renew this book to date at intervals of
about two years will doubtless make room hereafter for the homage the
world pays to the usefulness of the omitted.

Sketches of some of the greatest in the world who lustre the State
with their residence will be found between these covers. But one is not to
look here for only the names familiar in the common places. The prepara-
tion of this book has brought to my mind with new force that it is not al-
ways the man with name most often seen in print who counts for most in
the economy of life. The real forces are not always the showy ones ; they
are often the hidden ones. The modest worker in the Committee room, more
than the idol of the galleries, gives shape and color to the legislation of
state and nation. Prize fighter Sullivan, stepping into the presence of a
multitude, would be acclaimed by thousands of throats; Woodrow Wilson,
appearing before them before he became President of the United States,
would have required an introduction by the Chairman. But the vitalizing
and fruitful and elevating force in the community is .the University Presi-
dent whom so few would recognize. Some of power speak only in their
deeds their work alone is their eulogy ; and the p;:ges of NEW JERSEY'S
FIRST CITIZENS is the revelation of an efficient citizenship in New Jersey
that, if it has not always cared to mount to the housetops, yet goes on. in
its own unpretentious way. helping to leaven the community to proud and
ever prouder heights.

The labor of assembling this royal throng in the empire of thought and
action and progress has been one of equal delicacy and difficulty. The ac-
quaintance, wide and varied and sympathetic, it presupposes with the best
citizenship of the state must needs be reinforced by the views of thousands
of citizens of known position and discretion whose information and advice,
and corroboration or correction, I have invoked to help me read aright the
names written by the Hand of Achievement on the scroll of New Jersey's
Foremosts. I owe large obligations to these discerning men and women
whom I have so advantageously consulted, for their illuminating and guid-
ing assistance.

With the roll thus revealed to me, I found new embarrassments, ap-
parently insuperable at the start, that, happily, grew less serious as my
work progressed and as those whom I was bound to interest came to a fuller
realization of the matter. One of the most obstructive of the handicaps was
the very proper prejudice all hold against the biographical publications, de-
voted to every Mr. Nobody willing to pay his bit for cheap glory, that
swarm the library shelves. One suffers a distinct loss of rank and prestige
in allowing himself to be mentioned in these prints that only belittle the
big and cannot possibly magnify the small ; and the Quality, whose names



Foreword ix

are often sought only to give a false halo to mediocrity, .scent danger as
often as a new biographical venture comes to their notice.

Everyone in the distinguished throng noticed in these pages will recall
the missionary work I had to do with each to overcome the fear that this
work might he of that class. That I found the idea prevalent everywhere
among them made it extremely difficult to arouse them to a full sense of
the exclusiveness and prestige of the company I proposed to group them
with. In some of those who should have been included. I have not yet been
able to quicken the realizing and appreciating sense; and I have been un-
happily obliged to omit notice of them because of their failure to go to the
trouble of aiding me with material for it.

That may and probably does account in large measure, too, for the
differences in the sizes of the sketches and for the absence of some por-
traits that should have been presented. For the rest, some great lives, de-
voted to thought and study and research, are so uneventful as to demand
little space. Modesty that prompts occasional others to hide their light
under bushel baskets may account for the sliniuess of other notices. But
the same freedom of space and portrait has been extended to all alike.
That is manifest in the only feature for which I could prescribe the space
there is no distinction in the portraiture : the faces in the work are all
of the same size and style. President Wilson has no advantage there ove-r
anyone else. I have played no favorites.

Those who took the trouble to see in this publication one to which
merit was made the only price of admission, have felt it their duty to re-
spond with needed material. Realizing the public need of a work standard-
izing the citizenship of the state and sharing the public spirit that has
prompted me to provide it, they are all cheerfully extending to me the co-
operation needed to bring it to success and have aided to make their
sketches as full as they will be found. So it is that I am enabled to make
the people of New Jersey the better acquainted with the 4S4 Foremosts
among them whom all should know and be honored, too. in the knowing.
During the year I have been engaged in its production, death has taken the
sixteen others who would have rounded out the list to the originally planned
500 limit. They had all interested themselves in what was to be said about
them' here. There were some of great eminence among them, and I suffered
a sense of genuine sorrow when I was called upon to tile their records
away, unused.

Indeed. I have hailed the careful attention which many of the greatest
have given to the details of their several notices the scrupulousness with
which they have scrutinized and mended the preliminary proofs I submitted
to them, eliminating what they thought inconsequential and adding notes



x Foreword

of larger import often, indeed, hastening to wire or phone to advise me of
their latest distinction, so that their records here might be brought to date
as an exceptionally flattering expression of their sense of the dignity and
authority and importance of this work. That every portrait presented here
has been prepared from an original photograph is as gratefully symptomatic
of the wideness and universality of this splendid and discriminating sense
of appreciation. The few who have given less careful attention to the mat-
ter (some probably because they feared that after all this was to be of the
same old scorned even feared kind) doubtless find now, in the smaller
notice they have forced me to give to them, occasion to regret their reluc-
tance to be more helpful.

These sketches are more, too, than mere biographies. History is but
the essence of innumerable biographies. The state is a composite picture
of its citizenship. The story of New Jersey's rise to her pre-eminence among
the commonwealths of the land is written in the life records of these sons
and daughters of hers. They abound with information as to her past and
present. Informing glimpses of her history, of her great sous gone before,
her public, charitable, educational and ecclesiastical institutions and end-
less miscellaneous information about her people and her localities, livening
many of the sketches, make of the book a State Encyclopedia of exceptional
interest and value. So many interesting tid-bits of information are scat-
tered through its pages that I have had prepared and. in the closing pages
of the volume, present a ready-reference Topical Index that of itself re-
veals a versatility in our citizenship no commonwealth in this great country
of ours can surpass.

I shall not pretend that my work, after all, is faultless. I may have
erred sometimes in weighing up man against man and record against record.
But I have combed all the fields of endeavor in the commonwealth in a
conscientious effort to find The Firsts and only The Firsts in each. If there
are shortcomings, I still find consolation in the conviction that I am giving
to the state of New Jersey the most splendid Roll of Honor her citizenship
affords and that no one of the five hundred bidden to the feast will regret
having been made part of the company to which I have invited them.

In the preparation of the work I have departed very conspicuously
from other beaten tracks. It's style, typographical and mechanical, is
unique less so, of course, than its general scheme, but still sufficiently so
to probably become the model of all future publications of the character.
So that there can be no opportunity for criticism on the point of precedence
in the arrangement of the sketches, I am presenting them in alphabetical
rotation ; but I have not found it necessary to follow the stereotyped rule of
printing the names hind-end foremost. They are as easily found either



Foreword xi

way, and it has seemed to rue becoming to give them in the book just as
they are written by those who have carried them to the distinction that
wins place for them here. The caption, too. is an innovation that segre-
gates all the personal and family details that otherwise could, only awk-
wardly, be woven into the body of the sketch. Above all. the rigid exclu-
sion from the text of adjectives of laudation will command universal atten-
tion and approval. Words of praise give place in the record to deeds of
praise, and, so, make the presentations all the more forceful, impressive
and attractive.



CCMWW




CONTENTS.



Biographies 1

Topical Index .">4

Geographical Index .... 550



ERNEST R. ACKERMAN Plainfield. -Manufacturer. Horn
in New York City, June 17, 1803; son of .1. Hervey Ackerinan
and Ellen < Morgan I Ackerman ; married at Cumberland. Mary-
land, on February 11. 1MH'. to Mora L., daughter of William E.
Weber.

Ernest K. Aekerman was for six years the Senator from Union Coun-
ty. The passage of the first Civil Service law enacted in New Jersey was
largely due to his efforts; it is known as the Aekerman Civil Service Law.
He lias also been a delegate to two of the Republican National Conven-
tions: and. as one of the Presidential Electors in 1896, helped to cast the
vote of New Jersey for William McKinley of Ohio for President of the

United States, and Garret A. Ho-
bart of New Jersey for Vi<v-
President.

Though Senator Aekerman has
made twenty trips abroad and
been twice around the world, he
has been, as a resident of Plaiii-
field for the greater portion of
his life, deep in the life of his;
home community, prominent in
church movements and a factor
in the other directions that make
for its substantial welfare. He
is also an ardent Philatelist, hav -
ing won many medals in foreign
countries for his stamp collec-
tions.

Senator Ackerman's ancestors
were active in the Revolutionary
War. Phillip Markely, his great-
great-grandfather was appointed
in 1777 a Commissioner to collect

supplies for the American Army; and John Markely his great-grandfather
served in the Pennsylvania Militia in 1781. His father. J. Hervey Acker-
man, was President of the Common Council of the City of Plaintield and
at one time City Judge.

Mr. Aekerman was educated in the Plainfield Public schools, graduat-
ing from the High School with the class of 1XM. His father's interest in
public affairs pointed his eyes also in that direction ; and at twenty-eight
he became a member of the Plaintield Common Council serving for the
years IS'.'l and IMIL!. In 1!Mr> he was elected to the State Senate and re-
elected in 1!I()S. With Senators Hutchinson of Mercer and Price of Sus-
sex, he constituted a special committee to investigate the subject of capital
punishment. The committee made a study of conditions abroad and in this
country, and rendered an illuminating report. In the session of I'.tlO In-
served as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Judiciary and on that of
Finance. In 1!11 lie was elected President of the Senate; and during
Governor Wilson's absence in the West he served as Acting Governor of




2 Adams

New Jersey. At the present time he is a member of the New Jersey State
Board of Education, appointed to succeed Joseph S. Frelinghuysen upon
the latter's election to the United States Senate in 1J.)1<5.

Mr. Ackerman was Secretary of the New Jersey Electors in 1897. He
was a delegate to the Republican National Convention held in Chicago hi
June, 1908, and to that of 1916. In the National Convention of 1908 he was
New Jersey's representative on the committee to notify James S. Sherman
of his nomination for Vice-President of the United States. He has been
Chairman of the Republican City Executive Committee of Plaintield and a
delegate to several Republican City and County Conventions.

Senator Ackerman is President of the Lawrence Portland Cement
Company, a director of the Plainfield Trust Company and of the Central
Railroad Company of New Jersey, a Vice-President of the New Jersey State
Chamber of Commerce, a Trustee of Rutgers College, a member of the
Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America, a director of the
Young Men's Christian Association and a member of the Boys Scout Coun-
cil. He is also an Associate of the American Society of Civil Engineers
and member of the Engineers Club of New York. He belongs to the Union
League Club and the India House of New York City, and is a member of
the Chamber of Commerce of New York, the Merchants Association of New
York (serving on the Committees on Commercial Law and City Traffic),
and the Mayors Defence Committee of the City of New York. He is also
one of the Honorary Trustees of the Junior Division of the Military Train-
ing Association of New Jersey, and a member of the Committee on Evan-
gelism of the Federated Council of the Churches of Christ in America.



EDWARD DEAN ADAMS Rumsou. Engineer-Financier. Born
in Boston. Mass.. April 9, 1846; son of Adonirain Judson and Har-
riet Lincoln (Norton) Adams; married October, 1872. to Frances
Amelia Gutterson, of Boston.

Children: Ruth; Ernest Kempton (deceased 1904) leaving Pier-
pont and Kempton.

Edward Dean Adams, one of the Captains of Industry recognized in
Wall Street as a force in the financial railroad and industrial world, is
also deeply interested in the art and scientific life of New York City. He
is the Chairman of the Finance Committee, a trustee of the Metropolitan
Museum of Art, and Chairman of the Kalm Foundation for the Foreign
Travel of American Teachers; and has been decorated (1909) with the
Royal Order of the Crown of Prussia. In his business relations he reor-
ganized the Northern Pacific Railroad (I89:!i. the West Shore Railroad
(1886), and had a large hand in the rehabilitation of the Central Railroad
of New Jersey (1887). He also was in charge of the reorganization of the
American Cotton Oil Company in 1890, and was Chairman of its Board of
Directors until 1896. From 189M until the outbreak of the World War in
1914, he was the American Representative of the Deutsche Bank of Berlin.

Mr. Adams attended the Chauncy Hall School in Boston, and entered
Norwich University at Northfield, Vermont, in 1861. receiving the B. S.



Adams ?>

degree in 1XIU. M. S. 1X97, LL. D. l!)0(i. and M. A. 190X. He served from
1904 to 191(5 as a trustee of the "Tniversity. While engaged as a book-
keeper by T. J. Lee & Hill, stock brokers of Huston, he took a course with
the Class of 1869 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. From INTO
to 1S7S he was a partner in the Boston banking firm of Richardson, Hill &
Company. In 1S7S he became- a partner in the New York banking firm of
Winslow. Lanier & Company, and continued in that relation until 1X9.' I.
when he became American Representative of the Deutsche Bank.

Mr. Adams now is a director of the American Cotton Oil Company,
Brevard Tannin Company, Central & South American Telegraph Com-
pany. Clinchfield Coal Corporation. Hammond Typewriter Company, Inter-
type Corporation. Mohawk Hydro-Electric Company, New Jersey General
Security Company, New York and Long Branch Railroad Company, Niagara
Development Company, Niagara Falls Power Company, Niagara Junction
Railway Company, and Western Maryland Railway Company.

He is Senior Warden and Trustee of the Endowment Fund of St.
George's Episcopal Church, Rumson, and a Trustee of the Monmouth Coun-
ty Historical Association. He is President of the Rumson Country Club.
Rumson Improvement Company, and Rumson Park, and a member of
numerous clubs and societies, particularly for the cultivation of social life
and the promotion of science, art and culture.

Mr. Adam's country home at Rumson Hills is known as "Rohallion".
His New York City home is at 4."> Madison Avenue : his business office, at
71 Broadway. New York Citv.



FREDERIC ADAMS Orange. (473 Main St. ( - Jurist. Born
at Amherst. New Hampshire, on October 9th. 1X40; son of Frederic-
Augustus and Mary Jane (Means) Adams: married on October
l'7th. 1X70. at Putnam. Ohio, to Ella, daughter of John S. and
Martha (Messer) King; second marriage at Norfolk, Virginia.
July UOth. 1904. to Ella King, daughter of Morris K. King and
Julia I Goddard > King.

Children: Constance, born in East Orange. April 27th, 1873, wife
of Cecil B. De Mille, of Hollywood, California; John King Adams, born
in East Orange. January U3rd. 1X7X, physician, of Orange: Ellis
Adams, born in East Orange, March 4th. ixxo. real estate broker in New
York City, residing in West Orange, married on December 4th. 1905. to
Margaret, daughter of Henry A. Potter of East Orange: Rebecca Appleton
Adams, born at East ( (range. October 1'lst, ixxl. Librarian: Frederic
Atherton Adams, born at East ((range. December llth. 1XX9. bond broker
with International Trust Company of Denver. Colorado, married at Colo-
rado Springs. Colorado, September Kith. 191. "i. to Miriam Storrs Wash-
burn; Nancy Adams, child of second marriage, born at Orange. December
17,



Frederic Adams has sat in the Essex County Circuit Court for four-
teen years; and his wide experience on the P.ench gives the stamp of



Adams






authority to his decisions. His father finished his education in ISoo at
Dartmouth College, made famous among the seminaries of learning, in
the career of its greatest Alumnus, Daniel Webster, and was a Congre-
gational clergyman and teacher.
Judge Adams' parents lived in
Amherst. X. H., for only three
months after his birth; and he
spent the first seven years of
his life in Byfield, Mass., where
his father was principal of Dum-
mer Academy. In 1847 the fam-
ily came to New Jersey and
settled in Orange. Judge Adams
spent two years at Phillips Acad-
emy. Andover, Mass. Two years
subsequently, in 1S.~>S. he was ad-
mitted to Yale College and grad-
uated from there with the A. 15.
degree in 1X02. He has also Yale
degrees of A. M. and LL. D.

Having decided to devote him-
self to the practice of the law,
Mr. Adams took a course at the
Harvard Law school, and then
applied for admission to the New

York Bar. His home-state had larger attractions for him however ; and,
admitted to the New Jersey Bar as an attorney in 18(38 and as a counsel-
lor in 1873, he devoted himself to the practice of his profession chiefly in
New Jersey. He built up a large chancery practice and was frequently
called upon to act as Special and Advisory Master. His only public posi-
tion during these times, was as Clerk of the Township of East Orange and
later as Town Counsel.

In the early winter of 1S1I7 Governor Griggs transferred Judge Barca-
low from the Bench of the Court of Errors and Appeals to the chair of the
Presiding Judge of the Passaic County Courts, and tendered the vacant
seat on the Court of Eriors Bench to Mr. Adams. The Senate confirmed the
nomination, and Judge Adams sat as a member of that Court till Governor
Murphy in 1 <.)<)." named him as a Circuit Court Judge. At the expiration
of his term in 1!>1() Governor Fort re-appointed him for the term of seven
years, expiring in 11)17, re-appointed 1917 by Gov. Edge for another term of
seven years. His Circuit is in Essex County. In politics Judge Adams is a
republican.




T. ALBEVS ADAMS Montclair, d'4 Prospect Terrace. )-
Merchant and Financier. Born in Troupsbnrg. Steuben County,
N. Y., on September 5, 1865; son of Thomas Quincy and Catharine



Adams



Morton Adams: married in Xew York City in 1S!M>. to Kath-
leen V. Wallace, daughter of John V. and Catherine Wallace.
Children : Gladys Marie Adams, Grace Virginia Adams, T. Albeus
Adams. Jr.. John Quiucy Adams.

T. Albeus Adams has recently been conspicuous in the revival of the
movement for the construction of the vehicular tunnels under the Hudson
River for the purpose of connecting the New York and Xew Jersey high-
way systems. He has for several years devoted much attention to the

development of the Xew York
Harbor and also to wholesale
market terminals. He has been
active in Xew Jersey as a mem-
ber and trustee of the Xew Jer-
sey State Chamber of Commerce.
Active and influential in politics.
he is Chairman of the Essex
County Democratic Committee
and was selected as a candidate
for Presidential Elector in 1916.
Mr. Adams' father was an ex-
tensive farmer and breeder of
fine horses. Mr. Adams was
trained in public and private
schools in Xew York State. Be-
fore beginning his business car-
eer he taught school and then
^^^^^ studied law. He entered the em-

ploy of one of the large Chica-
go packing companies and was
appointed General Manager for

New York and vicinity, a position which he held for about ten years.
Mr. Adams, with three of his friends, formed the New York Credit



Online LibraryInc New Jersey Genealogical and Biographical SocietyScannell's New Jersey's first citizens and state guide ... genealogies and biographies of citizens of New Jersey with informing glimpses into the state's history, affairs, officialism and institutions .. (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 63)