Indiana. State Board of Agriculture.

Annual report of the Indiana State Board of Agriculture online

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For Secretary, W. J. Quick.

For Treasurer, E. A. Leavitt.

On motion, the Socretarj' was instructed to cast the ballot of the
Association for each of these officers.

Adjourned sine die.

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Indiana State Dairy Association



Cambridge City, Henry County, December 7-8, 1899.

(Stenographic Notes by A. O. Reser.)
Edited by H. E. VAN NORMAN. Secretary.




G. 8. Plamb, Lafsjette, Tippecanoe County 189] -1893

BarUett Woodn, Crown Point Lake Connty 1893-1894

W. S. Commons, Centreville, Wayne County 1894-1896

G. S. Plomb, Lafayette, Tippecanoe County 1895-1896

O. A. StubbB, Lewiaville, Henry County 1896-1897

S. B. Woodii, Lottaville, Lake County 1897-1898

J. J. W. Billingtley, Indianapolis, Marion County 1898-1899

C. R Benjamin, LeRoy, Lake County 1899


Chas. C. VanNuys, Franklin, Johnson County 1893-1894

J. M. Knox, Lebanon, Boone County 1894-1895

W. 8. Commons, Centreville, Wayne County 1895-1896

Chas. B. Benjamin, LeBoy, Lake County 1796-1897

O. P. Macy, Mooresville, Morgan County 1897-1898

Q. W. Drischel, Cambridge City, Wayne County 1898-1899

J. V. Shugart, Marion, Grant County 1899


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D. H. Jeokioe, IndisDapoliS; Marioo County 1891-1892


Mrs. Kate M. Basick, Wabash, Wabash Coaotj 1891-1892


C. B. Harris, Goshen, Elkhart County 1891-1892


Mrs. Laura D. Worley, Ellettsville, Monroe County 1891-1893

W. S. Commons, Centreville, Wayne County 189S-1894

H. C. Beckman, Brunswick, Lake County 1894-1897

C. a Plumb, Lafayette, Tippecanoe County 1897-1898

H. E. VanNorman, Lafayette, Tippecanoe County 1898


C. R Benjamin, President, Leroy, Lake County.

J. V. Shuoart, Vice-President, Marion, Grant County.

H. E. Van Norman, Secretary-Treasurer, Lafayette, Tippecanoe County.

EXECUTIVE committee.

C. B. Benjamin. J. V. Shugart. H. E. Van Norman.

J. J. W. BiLLiNosiiEY, Indianapolis. C S. Plumb, Lafayette.



The following person* have paid one dollar into the treasury for membership
in the Association for 1899 §ince the publication of the last report

Name, City or Town, OuurUy,

Bray, W. T. S Westfield Hamilton.

Johnson, Perry L Prairie Creek . Vigo.

Lamont, Mrs. Chas .... Joppa Hendricks.

Linegar, W. A Huntertown Allen.

Richardson, O. J Lewisrille Henry.

Rottermund, H. F Bemie, Illinois.

Thomas, L. W Pendleton Madipon.

Wilmore, B. F Winchester Randolph.

*In 1893 the oflBces of first, second and third Vice-Presidents were abolished.

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The following persons have paid one dollar into the treasury of the Aseoci-
ation for 1900 :

Name. City or Town, County.

Anderson, O. C Mentone. Kosciosko.

Addleman, O. D. Richmond Wajne.

Bailor, S. M Mulberry Clinton.

Banks, N. P Hobart Lake.

Barber, H. N Westfield Hamilton.

Bean, John Richmond Wayne.

Beckman, H. C. Lafayette Tippecanoe.

Beck man. J. N Brunswick Lake.

Berkherd, E. R. Richmond Wayne.

Benjamin C. B LeRoy Lake.

Borger. J. H Brunswick Lake.

Burnside, T. C Liberty Union.

Basick, Mrs. Kate M . . . . Wabash Wabash.

CentrcTille Creamery Co . . Centreville Wayne.

Commons, E. L Richmond Wayne.

Commons, J. A Centreville Wayne.

Commons, W. 8 CentreTiUe Wayne.

Cook, J. S Richmond Wayne.

Chamberlin & Son, D. J . . Lafayette '. , Tippecanoe.

Dilling, L 8 Hagerstown Wayne.

Drennen, W. F Philadelphia Penn, O.

Doud, Brenpon Chili Miami

Dryden, C. E Middle Fork Jefferson.

Dfischel, D. W Cambridge City Henry.

Furnas, R. W Indianapolis Marion.

Gallagher, T. F Chicago, Illinois.

Gilbert, W. J New Castle Henry.

Harris, Chas Webster Wayne.

Harrb, J. A Owatowna, Minnesota.

Harris, LB Williamsburg ..-...••.. Wayne.

Hack, J. M Crown Point Lake.

HarTey, J. H Carmel Hamilton.

Henley, E. E Straughn Henry.

Holloway, Silas North Manchester Wabash.

Howland, Hiram Howlands Marion.

Hnntsinger, Munro .... Anderson Madison.

Jackson, T. E CentreTiUe Wayne.

Jenkins, D. H Indianapolis Marion.

Jenkins, Harry Indianapolis Marion.

Johnson, F. P Howlands Marion.

Johnson, D. B Mooresville Morgan.

Jones, E. T Economy Wayne.


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Name, CUy or Town, County,

EliDe, J. SUjton Logansport Cmb.

Korty, J. N Lafajette Tippecanoe.

Kdox, J. M Lebanon , Boone.

LeTering, Mortimer .... Lafajette Tippecanoe.

Lyboult, J. B CentroTille Wayne.

Lynn Creamery Co Lynn Randolph.

Macy, John W Straughn Henry.

ManloTe, Geo LewisTille Henry.

Maple, J. D LewisTille Henry.

Mills, A. H MooresTille Morgan.

Mills, O. H MooresTille Morgan.

Newby, Herbert Spioeland . • • • Henry.

Newsom Bros Valley Mills Marion.

Nngen, T. S Lewisville Morgan.

Baab, Peter Brightwood Marion.

Reynolds, Wilson ..... Dslton Wayne.

Richmond, D. C Wheeler Porter.

Rich, J. S Richmond Wayne.

Bobbins, Elmer Liberty Union.

Roberts, Austin Westfield Hamilton.

Roberts, W. H Howlands Marion.

Robe, John W Centreville Wayne.

Shaffer, T. A Hagerstown Wayne.

Stamm, Levi Hagerstown Wayne.

Schlosser, Henry Bremen Marshal.

Schwegler, W. O Lafayette Tippecanoe.

Shngart, J. V Marion Grant

Scott, D. W Sagan Jefferson.

Sudendorf, E Elgin, Illinois.

Stabbs,0. A LewisTille Henry.

Statesman, Herbert Goshen Elkhart

Taylor, 8. J Logansport Cass.

Van Amam, M. F Columbns, Ohio.

Van Norman, H. E Lafayette Tippecanoe.

Waterman, M. H Ridge Farm, Illinois.

Welbom, J. M. T Bridgeport Marion.

Wilson, D. W Elgin, Illinois.

Willmore, fi. F. Winchester Randolph.

Woods, S. B Lottaville Lake,

Woodyard, Jr., J. F. . . . . Chicago, Illinois.

Yoars, P. G. & Son Amboy Miami.

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Name. City or Town, County,

Bojdy Ja8. A Cambridge Citj Henry.

Gommon«, W. S Centreville Wajne.

Drischel, D. W Cambridge City Henry.

Plomb, C. S Lafayette Tippecanoe.

Schlofser, Sam'l Hanna Laporte.


His Excellency, Hon. Jas. A. Mount, Governor of Indiana.
C. B. Harria, Nagasaki, Japan.


Active members 91

Life members 5

Honorary members 2

Total 98










Counties represented, 24.


















(As Amended December 7, 1899}

Article 3. The name of this Association shall be "Tlie Indiana State
Dairy Association."

Art. 2. The officers of this Association shall consist of a President,
Secretary-Treasurer and Vice-President, and an ExecutiA-e Committee,
consisting of the President. Vice-President. Secretaiy, and two others
elected by the Association. The Secretary is authorized, whenever neces-
sary, to employ an assistant secretary of his own appointment, to assist
at the annual meeting, who shall be paid for his services as the Executive

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Committee may decide. A committee of two, to audit the Secretary-
Treasurer's accounts shall he appointed by the President at each annual

Art. 3. The officers shall be elected to serve one year, or until their
successors have been elected.

Art. 4. The regular annual meetings shall occur at such time and
place as may be designated by the Executive Committee, or by majority
vote of the Association at the annual meeting.

Art. 5. Any person can become a member of this Association for one
year by the payment of a fee of one dollar. Upon the payment of ten
dollars, a person may become a life member. Honorary members not to
exceed five may be elected, but said election is not to hold for over two
years, excepting by re-election.

Art. 6. The President shall have power to call a special meeting at
such time as in his judgment the interests of the Association demand.

Art. 7. The Executive Board shall have power to transact all unfin-
ished business.

Art. 8. The Treasurer shall be the custodian of all the funds belong-
ing to the institution, and pay out the same on the order of the President.
The Treasurer shall also furnish sufficient bond, as determined by the
Executive Committee, to guarantee all moneys owned by the Association,
handled by him, tne said bond to be deposited in such national bank as
may be designated by the Executive Committee.

Art. 9. The officers of this Association shall perform such duties as
usually devolve upon officers of similar organizations.

Art. 10. The President and Secretary shall each be allowed out of
the general fund, an amount equivalent to their actual expenses while
attending Association meetings. When the Association receives State aid
the Treasurer is authorized to meet the expenses of the Executive Com-
mittee In all cases of called meetings where executive business is

Art. 11. These articles may be amended by a majority vote of the-
members of the Association present

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Cambridge City, Ind., Thursday, December 7, 1899, 9:30 a. m.

The Indiana State Dairy Association was called to order by President
J. J. W. Bfllingsley, of Indianapolis.

After prayer by Rev. P. M. Lacey, of the Methodist Episcopal Church,
of Cambridge City, the Association was welcomed to Cambridge City by
F. C. Nasbaugh, as follows:

Mr. Nasbaugh: The citizens of C-ambridge City desire that I shall ex-
press in their behalf their full appreciation of the honor your Association
has conferred upon them by holding this meeting in our city. We hope
that its Influence will be far reaching and of great value both to you and
to us. We desire to fulfill every pledge that has been made. We desire
to add to your every convenience and comfort during your short stay in
our city. Our people are at your service. They have hung out the latch-
string. They ask you to enjoy what is ours. The citizens of Cambridge
City and the farmers of this community appreciate the progressive spirit
and the progressive work that has been done by our townsmen, Messrs.
Boyd and Drischel. They have been untiring in their efforts and have
succeeded in establishing one of the best cheese plants in Indiana. We
feel proud of their achievements, and the large attendance of your Asso-
ciation from all parts of the State is further evidence that you too share
with us this pride. To them we are indebted for your presence here
to-day. We trust your several sessions may be profitable, instructive and
•enjoyable. I again bid you welcome and thank you.

S. B. Woods, of Lottaville: In behalf of the Dairy Association of Indi-
ana, I thank you for this kind and cordial welcome. We have been to
Wayne County l)efore. We always expect a good deal when we come to
Wayne County and we are never disappointed. The number present in-
dicates that we are going to have a good time. We know that Wayne
<k)unty is a progressive county, that the people are enterprising, wide
awake and are willing to come to these meetings and learn from one
another. In this way we become better dairymen and dairywomen.
Messrs. Boyd and Drischel have taken a great Interest in their work and
have done wonders in developing the cheese Industry of Indiana. I at-
tended the meeting at Centreville, and since that meeting I have always
felt that I would like to come to Wayne County again. I feel sure we
shall have a good meeting here. I thank you for your cordial welcome.

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I hope I may nor .appear egotistical In discussing this subject if I refer
to my own business.

Some eiglit years ajro we started a creamery near my home and I at
once became a patron of it, having tout cows. Milk was high then, being
as much as $1.10 per hundred. I saw very readily that a cow, together
with her offspring, would pay for herself in one year. Not a profit of that
much but a gross income for feed and care, approximating closely to her
value in dollars and cents. I milk grade Shorthorns, and have been buy-
ing thoroughbred males of that strain, with an eye toward the milking
qualities of their ancestors.

I have made it a rule to buy no male whose dam did not give forty
pounds or more of milk, holding to the idea that my herd would Improve
in milking qualities and appearance also. I weeded out my objectionable
cows, making the standard of merit gentleness, heavy flow of milk and
good appearing offspring. At present I have a herd of fifty nearly thor-
oughbred cows of nice appearance and many good qualities. Our calves
are all given a good cliance in the race of life, putting two calvee to one
cow and milking the other. Our calves when very young are taught to
eat ground feed. We mix oil-meal and bran with creamery slop and they
learn to drink it while sucking. Weaning does not stunt or injure them.
This is done at the age ot four months.

We separate the steer calves from the heifers, and push them along
until they are two years old, at which age they weigh from 1,200 to 1,500
pounds, and for them we receive the highest market price, if well finished.
Our heifers are not pushed for fat, but given a good living diet with a
desire to develop the growth, and at the age of two years they become

The cows we raise the calves with are fed twice a day, and calves
turned In twice a day, which. I think, develops the milking qualities the
same as though they were milked by hand. These cows are fed the same
as those milked, and each cow can support two calves very nicely. When
the calves are weaned other calves take their places or the cows are
milked. We aim to keep the flow of milk going as long as It Is profitable.
The cows are fed twice a day the year round (except when dry) with oil-
meal and bran.

During the colder months, ground com and cob meal are added, to-
gether with clover hay and shredded fodder. In the colder months the
cows are kept in a warm, comfortable stable during the day time and
given warm water, and all stock is housed at night.

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Our hogs are fed with creamery slop, oil-meal, middlings and corn, in
the following proportions:

For hogs weighing 100 pounds or more, six bushels of corn, GO pounds
of middlings, 20 pounds of oil-meal, mixed with 2 pounds of creamery
slop for 100 head. They are fed exactly alike each day, and sold in Febru-
ary and September; spring litters in February, and fall litters in Septem-
ber, averaging at time of sale 300 pounds or more. I believe that if a
hog is fed properly he will grow on a paying basis for food consumed
until he will weigh 400 pounds or more.

We have heard the remark, "That bunch of hogs is fed out." Con-
cerning young hogs, It is only a violation of natural laws, overloading the
bone with too much fat. Nature steps in and demands a halt until time or
feed rectifies the mistake. Would it not be much better to feed a balanced
ration; that is, a food that would build all pai-ts at the same time and
make him a finished product, having size and quality.

Our hogs are kept in bunches of sixty to 100 head, aiming to have even
car loads when finished, kept on ground that was mowed the year pre-
vious or ground that I wish to corn the following year. Our hogs are
rotated the same as grain crops. In this way we guard against disease
and distribute the manure, which Is valuable. We do not ring, especially
young hogs, as I coni&ider that detrimental.

The feed and condition has a great deal to do with their rooting.
When a bunch of hogs root badly they are needing something necessary
for health which they are not getting. Stone coal and wood ashes are good
for hogs in that condition. I wish to emphasize the keeping of hogs on
their allotted fields, for I believe this i& a great preventive of disease.
The hog Is only on the ground one year in four and all that is necessary
10 manage a farm in that way is good fences and water in each field,
together with portable cribs and hog houses. Plowing land kills the
germs of disease. Permanent pasture is no place for hogs. They injure
it and if disease is established It will more than likely follow year after

After bad weather commences our heavy hogs are taken to lots having
sheds of sufficient size to hold from 60 to 100 head, stalled off so that five
to eight can sleep in one stall, thereby preventing overlying. We feed on
a platform, saving all the feed. The stalls are cleaned well twice a week
and disinfected. Plenty of water is kept by them and they are fed twice
each day as described before.

Our fall pigs are wintered over in the fields we intend to plow; having
good portable houses, stalled off as mentioned for heavy hogs, of sufficient
size to hold the bunch. The manure is hauled direct from the cattle stalls
to the field and worked over by shoats. Our shoats are fed every day,
as mentioned, and houses cleaned and disinfected weekly.

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My paper relates principally to the growing of live stock, for in that
branch of farming lies the surest and best profits. It enables one to feed
all the farm products, thereby increasing the fertility of the land, raising
better crops, and, in time, feed more stock. My idea of rotation of crops
is that we should never tend a field in com but one year, then to wheat,
then to clover, letting it run in grass two years, the first year mowing It
and the second pasturing it. I also cut clover for seed, feeding chaff to
cattle and returning it back to the land in the shape of manure. In ma-
nuring land we haul it whenever we have time, commencing at one side
of the field and scattering it in strips of about seven steps wide, putting
about twelve loads to the acre. We do not skip black ground, but manure
solid, considering that we derive as much l>enefit from manure placed
there as elsewhere. Our manure is all placed on ground that is intended
for com the 'following year. Our stock is fed on this same ground in good
weather, that is, from the first of May until the first of December.

The value of manure depends on the kind of feed, as well as the way
it is handled. For instance, the manurial value of a ton of oil meal is
$6.00; corn, $2.00; bran, $4.00; clover hay, $1.50; cotton seed meal, $8.00,
showing that the food wherein protein is found most extensively has the
most manurial value. In buying these feeds this should be taken into con-
sideration. We aim to manure the land we put in com, which is generally
about 100 acres. We buy all we can and pay fifty cents per load of about
100 cubic feet. I consider one cord of manure worth, when put on land
properly, $1.00, and expect the money back in the first two crops. After
that it is like a good man*s influence, "never dies."

And now, in conclusion, I wish to say that dairying is the foundation
on which to build your future prosperity on the farm. It enables you to
breed the kind of stock your fancy may dictate in sufficient quantities
to stock your land, thereby furnishing a market for all the hay, straw,
and fodder you raise, at good, remunerative prices, keeping the fertility
of the farm and making it rich and productive. It gives you the by-
product of a factory, which enables you to produce a given numt)er of
pounds of pork in half the time it would require otherwise at a greater
profit and less risk. It gives you the habit of promptness, cleanliness and
thrift— by timely hints from your factory man. It gives you ready cash
monthly to meet your obligations, and establishes the cash Instead of the
credit system in the community and more especially among the patrons
of the creamery. It teaches one to care for the comforts of their live stock,
for in this lies his profit, building better and larger bams, beautifying his
country and becoming of some service to his fellow man and his God.


Mr. Shideler, of Cambridge City: What l)reed of hogs can you make
weigh 300 pounds in five, six or seven months?

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Mr. Kugen: I expect the gentleman misunderstood me. I said we sold
September litters in the month of September, in the fall, and spring litters
in February. I will say that I prefer Poland China hogs.

B. W. Willson, of Elgin: He says they started with four cows and
they now have fifty. I ask Mr. Nugen, why he has fifty instead of four.

Mr. Nugen: Well, sir, I thought it profitable to have more, and I am
building a bam and expect to have 100 cows.

Mr. Willson: Another question: What success has the creamery had
in your neighborhood?

Mr. Nugen: I think it has made a success. I think in our community
we have more thrift and more prosperity than before, and that a creamery
is of great benefit to the country in which it is located.

Mr. Willson: Why is it that so many creameries in Indiana have not
made a success?

Mr. Nugen: When we started our creamery we had a little experience
that would have killed us if we had not had a little nerve. I will tell you
a little history of the creamery and explain why so many of them fail.
We started our creamery and we had no experience. We were hog raisers
and beef raisers, and followed everything else except milking the cows»
and we did not have any tester in our creamery. We bought our milk
and paid for It as it was weighed, and we sold cheese, shipped it to
New York, whether it was good or bad, and some of it we never heard of,
and the first thing we knew we were in debt $700. Some of our people
wanted to assess the stock and pay it out of that. I do not want to appear
egotistical in this, but there were two or three of us that did not like to
make a failure of anything, and I said, *'We will go to the bank and
bonrow $1,200, and be more careful of what we buy, and put in a tester,
and see if we can not make a success of this." The board of directors did
that. So we bought our milk and tested, and soon we were getting what
our money was paid for, and in about a year we had wiped out our
indebtedness, and it has been running on a good basis ever since. I think
it is a lack of business qualifications which ruins creameries. It is the poor
management of the business which ruins it.

Mr. Stubbs, of Lewisvllle: I live tolerably close to Mr. Nugen, and I
notice that he raised a great many pumpkins this year and fed to his cows.
I would like to know whether he found the pumpkins beneficial.

President Billingsley: I would like to know whether they give color
to the milk.

Mr. Nugen: We raise all that can grow in the cornfield; we plant them
with the com. We feed our cows pumpkins once a day by the wagon load.

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givou to the herd. I do not believe it iiiiikes the cow give any more millv,
but I believe It puts her in good condition to go into the winter, especially
when pasture is short.

President Billingsley: You don't take out the seeds, do you?

Mr. Xugen: No, sir, we simply throw these pumpkins on the ground,
and the cows do not g(}t as many sen^ds as they would get in a trough.

O. D. Adams. Chester, Franklin County: I rise in defense of the pump-
kin. The gentleman has said that he does not believe that the pumpkin
increases the flow of milk. I differ with him, decidedly. I run a little
dairy in connection with my little farm. I do not farm as extensively as
Mr. Nugen does. However, I have a little plat of land I am trying to
farm, and try to manage to keep soul and body together, and my family,
and we raise a few pumpkins, and while pumpkins may not increase the
flow of milk with Shorthorns, they do quite materially with Jerseys. We
always milk in the stable, and we know just how much milk each cow
gives, and I am here to say that pumpkins, seeds and all, are good food for
milk cows. Jerseys in particular. I noticed he wanted a heavy flow of
milk, but did not seem to pay any attention to the test his Shorthorn cows
would make, which is of very material interest to a man who takes his

Online LibraryIndiana. State Board of AgricultureAnnual report of the Indiana State Board of Agriculture → online text (page 45 of 107)