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The Advance advocate, Volume 20 online

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817 Dearborn St.. Ohieaco. m.

A Brotherhood Emblem.

The above cot is of a solid gold em-
blem designed and used entirely by our
late lamented President John T. Wilson.
The bar and pendant are of solid gold,
the pendant faced with beautiful white,
hard enamel ; on the bar the name of own-
er is engraved, making the emblem a
very neat and attractive one. We have
purchased a quantity of them ^pd can
now supply them delivered atafiy post-
office in Canada or the United States by
registered mail for |3.25 each, ttie Cana-
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which is not included. Address all or-
ders to Samuel J. Pego,
Vanol Bldg., St. Louis, Mo.


The Following Supplier Will Be Furnished at Prices
Given Below, Expreaaor Postage Charges Extra.

Letter Heads, (per 1000) $ 3.00

BnyelopMi small with return card on eomer 2.00

Envelopes, large ** *" " " 2.50

Ritnals, (to subordinate lodges only) each. ... 15

Ode Cards (to subordinate lodges only ) each . . 2

Secretaries Receipt Pads. 2 pads 25

Personal Cards, per 100 ^ 1.00

Lodge Record Books, each 1.00

LodgeSeals 2.00


Officers badges, (set of 10) 7.00

Member badges, (each) 75

Member badges, (perdosen) 8.40

John T. Wilson emblem, (solid gold) each. . . . 3.25

Solid €k>ld emblem (lapel button) each 1.25

Solid Gold Button, per dozen fl2.00

Rolled (}old Emblem (lapel button) 75

Rolled Gold Emblem (lapel button) per doz.. 8.00

Brotherhood Watch Fob, each 40

Brotherhood Watch Fob, per dos 4.00

Pig Skin Card Cases, double pocket, each 40

Pig Skin Card Cases, double pocket, dozen ... 4.00
Lovell's Practical Switch Work to members

Each 75

Loveirs Practical Switch Work, to non-mem-
bers, each 1.00


On Canadian orders cnstoma doty must be added to above prices.

Address all orders for printing and supplies to


Grand SecretaryTreasurer,
3900 Olive St., St. Louis, Mo.


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International Brotherhood


Maintenance OF Way Employes


Woman's Auxiliary


3900 OLIVE ST. -• - ST. LOUIS, MO,


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The Advance Advocate b


Maintenance -OF - Way Employes

SAMUEL J. PEQG, Editob and Manager
Advertising Rates Furnished on Application,

Entered Jannarr 6. 1908, at St. I^nis. Mo., as second-class matter,
under Act of Congress of March 3» 1879


Vol. XX., No. 2.

St. Louis, Mo., February 1, 1911.

Subscription Price
$1.00 Per Year.


For some months past the engin-
eers and firemen, trainmen and
conductors of numerous roads, in-
deed of all roads, running out of
Chicago and west of it, have been
in conference with their maimge-
ments and have secured a very sub-
stantial increase in their rat^s of

These are men whom we think
of as already well paid, even before
this last substantial increase wa^
given to them, and doubtless they
were, but owing to the increase in
the cost of living, they found that
their rates of pay were not sufficient
to meet the increased cost of living
and they realized keenly just as we
all do, that where the cost of living
increases and the rate of pay does
not, then their wages are being cut
in proportion to the increase in the
cost of living, just as surely as if
an order came from the general
manager and had been accepted by
them, reducing their wages by so
much. And these men could see
no reason why when the country
was prosperous, when there had

been a great harvest, giving em-
ployment that was taxing the pow-
ers of the railway companies to
handle the abundant business of-
fered to them, these men could see
no reason why at such a time, their
wages should be reduced, as the
cost of living was assuredly reduc-
ing it. So like wise men, they put
their heads together, drafted a re-
vision of their schedule, and author-
ized their committee to present it
to the management of their road
and the happy result was that on
Christmas eve. Brother Stone, pres-
ident of the Brotherhood of Loco-
motive Engineers was able to tell
his good fellows that a substantial
increase had been given to them
in their rates of pay, not, indeed,
in his opinion as much as he con-
sidered that they were fairly en-
titled to, but such as justified him
in recommending it to their ac-
ceptance rather than plunge the
country into a strike at such a time
of peace as Christmas brings.

And the firemen and conductors
and trainmen have also received,
as has already been said, substan-
tial increases and are beginning tiie

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new year happily working under
the increased rates and improved

Now, what of the maiutenauce-
of-way er ployes? Alas, what a
different story when we come to
the maintenance-of-way employes,
in spite of the fact that for thirty
years at least on every train that
has passed us, there have been four
men, an engineer, fireman, conduc-
tor and brakeman, practical object
lessons on the splendid results that
come from men organizing and get-
ting together. On comparatively
few roads has organization yet been
so thorough and so^ effective that
we can begin the year happily by
telling of an announcement of in-
creased pay and improved working
conditions. While we have a hap-
py continuance of our present rates
on all our scheduled roads and sub-
stantial increases on some, while
others getting ready to present
their claims, alas! on many of the
unorganized roads in addition to
the cut that has come in the in-
crease in the cost of living, has
come another cut, l)y reducing the
hours of labor from ten to nine and
paying only for Jlie nine hours
worked. This is a direct cut often
per cent, just as much as an an-
nouncement of such a cut from the
management would be and this
at a time of year, too, when the
cost of living is greatest, when the
necessity of heat-producing fcK)ds,
fuel, clothing, warm and water-
proof, is an absolute necessity to
men performing the duties which
we have to perform, and whicli
make it imperative that the worse
and stormier the weather the more
necessary it is that we should be

out in it, safe-guarding the precious
lives committed to our care.

Brothers, what do you think of
all this? Does it need anything
more to be said to drive home the
lesson that the cure for the ills
which we suffer is in our hands?
That the Lord helps the man who
helps himself, and that even om-
nipotence can do but little for men
who don't take a hand in trying to
better their own circumstances and
that all this depends upon them?
Not only are they bringing up their
own families in ignorance and com-
parative poverty, but they are a
menace, and no small one, to men
who, on several roads have shown a
desire to improve conditions, but
find a ready excuse from the man-
agement, that some unorganized
road is paying less, perhaps than
our enlightened brothers are al-
ready receiving and asking for more.

A letter has just come to the
president from a foreman in Okla-
homa, stating that i-ney had writ-
ten to the Interstate Commerce
Commission telling of the hard
conditions as to pay, etc. and were
advised that the commission could
do nothing for unorganized men.
Thus giving us one more lesson to
the old story, that men are very
largely the arbitrators of their own
destiny, and once more we repeat,
must be their own helpers if they
are to be helped.

A word to our brothers on the
scheduled roads. Don't forget that
it is not only your duty in view of
your obligation, to do all that you
can to promote the interests of your
Brotherhood, but in your own in-
terest, it is almost a necessity that
every man on your system should

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be in the organization ready at all
times to support your committee
when they are dealing with the
management for you. And rest
assured that the success of your
committee will be in exact propor-
tion to the solidity of your organi-
zation on your road.

Brothers, be up and doing. Let
1911 find every member taking an
active part in the work of making
organization solid on his own road
and taking advantage of every op-
portunity to encourage those on the
unorganized roads to get together
and thus while helping others, help


One of the evils of men newiy
organized is a lack of patience, a
disposition to jump hastily at un-
ripe conclusions and to assume off
hand that because things don't
come their way at a bound, they
are not coming at all. To educate
such impatient ones to the neces-
sity of xMitient continuance in per-
severing effort is one of the duties
of an organization and of a journal,
and this editorial is given you in
the hope of leading members and
others, esx)ecially any wlio have be-
come delinquent because their
hopes have not found immediate
fulfillment, to do a little serious

It has often been said of the
maintenance-of-way employes, *'0!
pshaw! you can't organize these
fellows. They won't hang together.
Unless they get their wages raised
the month after they join, they
will quit." Unfortunately, too
many of us have given cause for

this unfavorable opinion, but, most
fortunately, enough of us have had
the necessary character, intelli-
gence and staying qualities to get
together, stay together and some-
times fight together to show tliat
applied to the maintenance of-way
people as a whole, the assertion
that we are quitters is a slander on
as good men and women as are to
be found in any organization in

But, as before said, we have, un-
fortunately, the impatient ones,
whose lack of staying i)ower8 brings
reproach, not only on themselves,
but on our craft. Let me press this
on their attention, that not only
are they showing a sad lack of the
craft spirit, but they are showing
themselves lacking in intelligence
in going back on their comrades
who have the stability of character
and principle to ''stay with the
Bunch," because unionism is a mat-
ter of principle, not of selfish ag-
grandizement and a looking-out for
No.l, and makingthat the supreme
end of joining an organization.

Organization aims at the greatest
good of the greatest number, at tlie
interest of the employer as well as
of the employe, and the man is no
true unionist whose outlook is
bounded by what tlie union will do
for him, not l>y the thought, ''How
may I help to make life better for
all hands? and how can I improve
my worth to my employer?" for
undoubtedly your representatives
can have no better argument in
asking for schedule revision and
improved rates than the fact that
previous increases have improved
the service.

To the hasty ones who must have

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their positions improved at once, I
commend the history of other
brotherhoods of railway employes
or our own history. Ten chances
to one, those who can so lightly re-
gard their solemn obligation to pay
their dues, et«., promptly know lit-
tle of our history, or of the years of
jjatient, persevering effort and the
sacrifices made to build up the
schedule, whose benefits they take
so greedily and look for more, while
meanly ceasing to chip in to pay
the expenses necessarily incurred
to bring the improved conditions,
to which those not helping to pay
for have no honest claim.

As a case in point, an organizer
recently wrote in from a road try-
ing to secure a schedule not yet al-
ready a scheduled road. '^The men
refuse to pay because their hours
have been cut to nine," thus mak-
ing a ten per cent cut in their
wages; and on a scheduled road
where the case is before a concilia-
tion commission, an organizer re-
ports the case of a man who would
not pay until he knew what '^they"
were going to do for us. I would
not give much for his paying, no
matter what ^'they" do for him,
and safe to say this poor chap knows
nothing of the sacrifices good wives,
mothers and husbands have made
to procure for him the improved
conditions under which he is work-
ing, and which he is unmanly
enough it would seem, to continue
to receive without having the hon-
esty or intelligence to help to pay
for and preserve them.

And what do these thoughtless
ones, to give them a mild term,
hope to gain from becoming unor-
ganized? Presumably, they are

expecting all hands to do as they
do and let organization go by the
board. Then what! Well, my
prophecy is that very soon some-
thing would be doing, the railway
company taking the initiative, and
the working conditions, fair play,
overtime, protection from injustice
would soon be wiped out and the
old conditions of favoritism, night
and Sunday work without pay, and
injustice, without appeal or inves-
tigation once more be the order of
the day.

Why not? How is it on unor-
ganized roads? Just as it was with
these short-sighted grumblers and
quitters before enough good men,
backed by their good women folk,
made the necessary sacrifice which
changed all these wrongs to fair
working conditions.

Think, brothers, of these things
and if there is any flaw in this rea-
soning I am not aware of it and be-
lieve every word of it just as I send
it. Let me state this proposition —
Every man who accepts and is
monthly taking an increased wage
due to the eflTorts of his fellow
craftsmen and the good work of
their representative committee or
protective board, and every man
who expects to receive further ben-
efits from the same cause, should
be man enough to pay his share of
the expense.

Is that a fair proposition? If so,
how is your standing in the organi-
zation? How are you rated by your
comrades, a helper or a sponge? '*Be
not weary of well doing for in due
time ye shall reap if ye faint not."

Hearty congratulations to the
stout hearted ! May their tribe in-

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Once more it seems necessary to
remind the members of the fact,
which has often been stated be-
fore, that the first movement for
the redress of an alleged grievance
must come from the individual
himself writing to his superior of-
ficer, asking for the reason of the
alleged grievance and an adjust-
ment of it, doing the best he can
tw secure it.

Should he fail, then it becomes a
duty of the party aggrieved to
take the matter to his lodge, giv-
ing the cold, true facts, without
any embellishments or any fiction,
to the lodge, and it is then up to
the lodge to instruct tlieir local
grievance committee regarding it.
Should the lodge so order, the fur-
ther eflForts to adjust (should the
grievance committee fail) will be
found by referring to the rules
governing the protective depart-
ment in our constitution, beginning
on page 88.

Schedule revision should begin
in the local lodges. The lodges dis-
cuss the matter and advise their
chairman and the chairman of their
system division of changes needed,
as the lodge sees it, and the reasons
therefor. Then when the joint pro-
tective board meets the whole mat-
ter is gone over, the different sug-
gestions considered and the sched-
ule then framed to meet, as far as
possible, the amendments off*ered,
and prepared for submission to the
officials, fair to employer and em-

The chairman of each local griev-
ance committee or local protective
board would have a copy of the

schedule thus prepared for the in-
formation of his lodge, and thus all
hands be able to intelligently sup-
port their joint protective board.

This is given in answer to some
correspondence asking questions
relative to it, which information
will probably be serviceable to
others than the parties writing,
hence its appearance.


Several times, in the journal,
your attention has been called by
President Lowe and myself to the
importance of having you write
•your senator and member of con-
gress regarding the matter of the
proposed^ increase in second-class
mailing matter.

We wish to send you a further
quickener in the letter embodied
in this editorial, from our good
friend and brother, L, W. Quick of
the Order of Railroad Telegraphers
and chairman of the Association of
Editors of Official Organs.

Let us urge you to attend to this
matter at once. It is most impor-
tant a;id very urgent, and if action
is to be taken by you at all, it
should be taken at otce, and while
this refers to the officers of the
subordinate lodges, it is not in-
tended to apply to them alone, but
to every member of the organiza-
tion, and we trust that each one of
you will see tliat it is your duty
to act on the matter and write to
your senator at once. Do this re-
gardless of what your politics or his
may be, and DO IT TODAY.

The following is the letter, ad-
dressed to the editors of all railway

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journals, indeed, of all labor

journals :

**EDiT0it8 Official Journals :

*' Brothers— On June 18 last, I
addressed a communication to you
in regard to the ruling of the post
oflBce department in the matter of
second-class mail privileges as ap-

Online LibraryInternational Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way EmThe Advance advocate, Volume 20 → online text (page 12 of 136)