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International Engineering Congress (1901 : Glasgow.

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1948. B. H. Thwaite, Blast Furnace Power Syndicate, Ltd., 29 Gt. George

Street, Westminster, London, S.W.
H- 803. E. G. Tidd, 2 Foremount Gardens, Dowanhill.

1253. I. A. Timmis, 2 Great George Street, Westminster, London, S.W.
546. Dr. Ed. Tinbeaux, Ingenieur des Fonts et Chaussees, 9 Bis Rue de
Montet, Nancy, France.

27



394 MEMBERS.

922. R. Tindall, 167 Crown Street, Aberdeen.
1493. Vladimer Tinsheneski, Moguileff, Province of Podolio, Russia.

1943. V. F. J. Tlach, Messrs. Bohler Bros. & Co., Styrian Steel Works,

Sheffield.

727. P. Tod, 28 Rawson Road, Seaforth, Liverpool.
1133. D. R. Todd, 39 Arcade Chambers, St. Mary's Gate, Manchester.

1944. J. P. Todd, 13 Chalsworth Street, Sunderland.
767. A. Tomiyama, 52 Hill Street, Garnethill.

1149. W. W. Topley, Croydon Com. Gas Co., Katherine St., Croydon.
683. Jno. W. Towle, 68 Lower Gardiner Street, Dublin.
2001. Harry B. Toy, Maiville, 41 Nicholls Street, West Bromwich.

1859. William Tozer, 13 Lawson Road, Sheffield.
2275. W. H. Travers, Egremont, Cheshire.

688. E. C. Trench, Alfreton, Derbyshire.
1352. R. S. Tresilian, 9 Upper Sackville Street, Dublin.

1860. Lt. -Colonel Trotter.

657. J. H. Troughton, Victoria House, Newmarket, Cambs.
1711. W. Tucker, Mayor of Christchurch.

in. James Tudhope, Willesden, Coatbridge.
HT 1705. J. H. T. Tudsbery, The Institution of Civil Engineers, Great George

Street, Westminster, London.

1594. J. E. Tuit, 32 Victoria Street, Westminster, London.
1528. Arthur C. Turley, City Surveyor, Canterbury.
149. Alex. J. Turnbull, Myrtle Bank, Campbell Street. Greenock.
2038. Nicholas K. Turnbull, 2 Montague Terrace, Higher Broughton,

Manchester.

550. Walter Alex. Turnbull, 5 Fern Avenue, Southwick, Sunderland.
H-I356. W. G. Turnbull, Muriel Cottage, Uddingston.

2180. A. R. Turner, Winfield Mount, Meadow Road, Dumbarton, N.B.
1947. John H. Turner, 129 Trongate, Glasgow.
r+1495. Thomas Turner, Broad Lea, Kilmarnock.

573. Thos. Twynam, Hawthorne House, Slaid Hill, Moortown, Nr. Leeds.



u

1648. W. R. Underbill, 18 Renfield Street, Glasgow.
997. Kisaburo Urano, Tokio, Japan.



1372. T. Vachell, Tridegar Chambers, Newport, Mon.

1470. David Vass, Gas Works, Airdrie.

1581. John Vaughan, Balaclava House, Dowlais.

1545. Wm. H. Vaughan, Lindum Lodge, 30 Brook Rd., Fallowfield,

Manchester.

150. Henry R. Vereker, Skewdilla, Westport, Co. Mayo.
407. H. Vernon, Chepstow House, Oxford Road, Wakefield.
1706. Prof. L. F. Vernon-Harcourt, 6 Queen Anne's Gate, Westminster,

London, S.W.
447. H. Viney, 17 Eastlake Road, Cold Harbour Lane, Camberwell,

London, S.E.
1861. John Vivian, 42 Lowther Street, Whitehaven.

78. M. Voisin, 282 Boulevard de Cauderan, Bordeaux, France.
1983. N. Vosnessensky, 21 Basseinaia, St. Petersburg, Russia.



MEMBERS. 395

w

2196. A. Waddell, Gas \vorks, Dunfermline.
2047. Forbes Waddell, Brook Street, Broughty-Ferry.
1 21 1. Jas. Waddell, 15 Moray Place, Glasgow.
2183. James W. Wadsworth, Cleckheaton, Yorks.

985. Edw. B. Wain, Norton-in-the-Moors, Stoke-on-Trent.
2103. John W. Wainwright, Kyngstone, Park Road, Hale, Cheshire.

184. Archibald Walker, 6 Queen Gate, Dowanhill.

2024. Edwin R. Walker, 19 Roe Lane, Southport.

433. Fred Walker, Tyne Villa, New Road, Llanelly, S. Wales.
1310. H. Walker, u Oxford Terrace, Gateshead-on-Tyne.
2189. John Walker, Messrs. Robt. Stevenson & Co., Ld., Newcastle-on-Tyne.
1296. S. F. Walker, 2 Kensington Gardens Square, London, W.
-1-2132. William H. Walker, Cardarroch House, Airdrie.

535. Wm. L. Walker, Lea Hurst, Wrexham, N. Wales.
1292. Wm. Walker, jun., Springbank House, Dumbarton.

731. D. M. Wallace, 65 Union Street, Greenock.
1419. John Wallace, jun., 123 East Princes Street, Helensburgh.
1617. Joseph Wallace, Manahambri Road, Princestown, Trinidad

592. W. C. Wallace, Atlas Steel \Vorks, Sheffield.

456. A. T. Walmisley, 9 Victoria Street, Westminster, London, S.W.
2134. Robert Mullineux Walmsley, 23 Hilldrop Road, London, N.
1357. Thos. Walshaw, Park Gate Iron Works, Rotherham.
1627. J. P. Walter, Consett Iron Co., Ltd., Blackhill, Co. Durham.
1335. Thos. Walton, Habergham Collier}'-, Burnley.
1254. W. E. Walton, Gas Office, Bishop Auckland.
1425. John Wamsley, Woodbank, Cram Road, Paisley.

432. Wm. Waplington, i Norton Tee, Clydach Vale, Llwynypid, R.S.O.
1264. John Ward, Linacre, Highfield Road, Derby.
1715. John C. A. Ward, 75 Waterloo Street, Glasgow.
1862. Thomas A. Ward, Fitzalen Chambers, Sheffield.
1551. Henry W. Warde, Oakbank, Crookston, Renfrewshire.

773. W. C. Warden, 4 Kensington Gate, Kelvinside, Glasgow.

545. J. W. Wardle, Court House, Longton, Staffs.

335. -Francis J. Waring, 2 Delahay Street, Westminster, London, S.W.

278. H. Waring, Shanagarry, Milltown, Dublin.

1990. Alfred Wm. Warner, Corn Exchange Iron Works, Lion St., Ipswich.
1950. W. Warner, Westwood, Clumber Road, Nottingham.

1228. John Alex. Warren, 74 Balshagray Avenue, Partick.

1229. Robert George Warren, 29 Scott Street, Garnethill.

1060. R. Warriner, 129 Embleton Road, Lewisham, London, S.E.
1657. Major Wm. Waterhouse, Church Gresley, Nr. Burton-on-Trent.
++1046. Prof. W. H. Watkinson, The Pines, Crookston.

1394. Geo. Watson, 50 W. Kensington Mansions, London, W.
627. Jas. F. Watson, 15 Shaw Lane, Headingley, Leeds.
1013. John Watson, n Wilson Patten Street, Warrington.
1644. T- Stanley Watson, 7 Ashmount, Sheffield.

2025. Wm. Watson, Burgh Surveyor, St. Andrews.
661. James Watt, 17 Richmond Terrace, Aberdeen.

1190. Thos. H. Watt, 53 Bothwell Street, Glasgow.
1128. A. Weatherilt, Denton's Green Lane, St. Helens, Lancashire.
H- 151. Wm. Weaver, The Limes, Holland Park Gardens, Kensington, W.

648. Henry Webb, Irwell Forge and Rolling Mills, Bury, Lanes.

419. James A. Webb, Stanmore, Middlesex.

516. Tho. Henry Webb, 31 Storer Road, Loughboro', Leicestershire.
1313. W. H. Webb, 2 Boundary Road, Birkenhead.



39-S MEMBERS.

1417. J. J. Webster, 39 Victoria St., Westminster, London, S.W.

689. A. H. Weddell, Park Villa, Uddingston.

780. Jas. Weddell, Park Villa, Uddingston.

1863. Herman Wedekind, 158 Fenchurch Street, London, E.G.
1232. Arthur D. Wedgwood, Alexandria House, Alexandria.
1283. A. Wedgwood, Dennystown Forge, Dumbarton.

494. J. G. Weeks, Bedlington, R.S.O., Northumberland.

621. R. W. Weekes, 73 Elliscombe Road, Charlton, London, S.l .
-+ 79.. Prof. R. L. Weighton, Durham Coll. of Science, Newcastle-on-Tyne.
++1130. Jas. Weir, 72 St. Andrews Drive, Pollokshields.

857. Wm. Weir, iqo Nithsdale Road, Pollokshields.
1129. Wm. Weir, Holm Foundry, Cathcart.

1276. Chas. F. H. Weiss, 14 Well Walk, Hampstead, London, N.W.
2258. A. E. Welby, Farndon, Newark-on-Trent.

359. Henry M. Wells, Imperial Oil Works, Deansgate, Manchester.

980. Geo. M. Welsh, 3 Princes Gardens, Dowanhill, Glasgow.

978. James Welsh, 3 Princes Gardens, Dowanhill, Glasgow.

979. Thomas M. Welsh, 3 Princes Gardens, Dowanhill, Glasgow.
327. Wm. S. Welton, Elm Road, Wembley, Middlesex.

1241. Joseph A. Wesley, Fern Villa, Hamilton Road, Lincoln.
953. E. W. West, F airfield, Govan.
-J- 2082. H. H. West, 5 Castle Street, Liverpool.
-+ 2026. John West, Barfield, West Didsbury, Manchester.

885. Lt.-Col. J. H. Western, Broadway Chambers, Westminster, S.W.
2371. John Westgarth, Engineer, Middlesborough.
1435. Alf - Whalley, Ashville, Helsby, Warrington.

197. W. H. Wheeler, Wyncote, Boston, Lincolnshire.
1628. C. Whensa-Nicholl, Armiston Coal Co., Ltd., Gorebridge.



399. A. J. While, Whinsfield, Barrow-in-Furness.

>. J. M. ~
r 534- J as - Whimster, Armagh, Ireland.



426. J. M. While, Whinsfield, Barrow-in-Furness.



1304. Geo. C. Whitbread, Carlton, Nottingham.

1544. Richard Whitbread, Carlton, Nottingham.

1864. Henry White, Derwent, Goldtops, Newport, Mon.

21 10. Henry J. White, 21 Staverton Road, Oxford.

2182. John N. White, Stonecliffe, Stalybridge.

2123-. J. Walwyn White, Old Public Hall, Widnes, Lanes.

2153. R. White, 3 Victoria Street, London, S.W.

1167. Thos Whitehead, 186 Gt. Clowes Street, Broughton, Manchester.
1986. Andrew H. Whitelaw, 74 Dundonald Road, Kilmarnock.
1955. R. Cyril V. Whitfield, 5 Albert Terrace, Middlesbrough.

547. Chas. H. Whiting, 42 Avenue Henri Martin, Paris.
2370. E. B. Whitman, Wallbrooke, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.

50. J. H. Whittle, ii Hamilton Road, Baling.
2350. Jos. M. Whitwell, Saltburn by the Sea, Yorkshire.
-*-i86c;. William Whitwell, Stockton Iron Works, Thornaby-on-Tees.
-+2338. Peter Whyte, Leith Docks, Leith.
-1-1311. J. H. Wicksteed, Weetwood Croft, Leeds.

1954. F. H. Wigham, Lake Lodge, Stanley, Wakefield.

1152. John R. Wigham, 33 Capel Street, Dublin.
1985. Wm. D. Wight, Cory Bros. & Co., Ltd., Pentre, R.S.O., Glam.

716. P. F. C. Wilcox, 15 Norfolk Street, Sunderland.
1687. F. Wilkinson, Director of Technical School, Bolton.
1866. Thomas Wilkinson, Tay Lodge, Pitsmoor, Sheffield.
2226. W. F. Wilkinson, Roscoth Lawn, Harrow
2087. A. M. Willcox, Amberley House, Norfolk Street, London, W.C.

530. Clifford G. Williams, Stanley House, Wake Green, Moseley, B'ham.
1957. Dan Williams, Mining Engineer, Llanelly.



MEMBERS. 397

1632. H. B. Williams, 100 Gray Street, Workington, Cumberland.
1171. H. J. C. Williams, Coed Celyn, Dolgelley, N. Wales.
1635. Lewis N. Williams, Caecoed, Aberdare, S. Wales.
1291. L. W. Williams, 3 Park Terrace, Crossbill.

734. O. R. Williams, The Linn, Cathcart.

2369. R. B. Williams, Jun., 315 South Albany Street, Ithaca, New York.
1643. Alex. Williamson, 67 Esplanade, Greenock.
1867. Alexander Williamson, Craigbarnet, Greenock.
1183. J. Williamson, Arden Ville, Balgray Hill, Springburn, Glasgow.

879. Jas. Williamson, 59 Octavia Terrace, Greenock.

112. Richard Williamson, South Lodge, Cockermouth.
1497. Robert Williamson, Ormidale, Malpas, Newport, Mon.

798. Edw. Willis, 293 Willesden Lane, Willesden Green, London, N.W.

342. Alex. Wilson, Dawsholm Gas Works, Maryhill.
31. A. F. Wilson, Burnbrae, Balfron, Stirlingshire.

267. A. H. Wilson, 2 Albyn Terrace, Aberdeen.

175. Archd. Wilson, Glenleven, Alexandria, Dumbartonshire.

294. Arthur H. Wilson, 4 St. John's Terrace, Glasgow.
2297. C. Wilson, Oakbank, Hammersmith.

2270. Ernest Wilson, Clarence House, South Parade, Skegness, Lincoln.
1543. H. R. Wilson, 28 Victoria Street, London, S.W .

436. James Wilson, Queen's Hotel, Rothesay.
2006. James Wilson, Hartlepool Engine Works, Hartlepool.
1146. J. R. R. Wilson, 182 Chapelton Road, Leeds.
1667. Wm. H. Wilson, 34 Maxwell Drive, Pollokshields, Glasgow .
669. Wm. Wilson, Burnbank House, Coatbridge.

598. W. R. Wilson, Thorncliff, Greenock.

293. W. S. Wilson, 4 St. John's Terrace, Glasgow.

i8i. Thos. J. Winn, 44 Hilldrop Crescent, Camden Rd., London, N.

346. Douglas Winning, Municipal Buildings, Broughty Ferry.

845. W. G. Winterburn, General Manager, Geo. Fenwick & Co., Ltd.,

Engineers and Shipbuilders, Hong Kong, China.
233. F. Wiswall, 10 Stanley Villas, Runcorn.
760. H. Withy, Middleton Shipyard, Hartlepool.
797- J- J- Wolff, Ashurst, Sydenham, London, S.E.
1649. Arthur P. Wood, Spring Bank, Whitefield Fead,Ashton-on-Marssy,

Cheshire.

774. D. Wood, Hastings Avenue, Chorlton-cum-Hardy.
2174. Edward Wood, 27 Brunswick Terrace, Harrogate.

80. E. M. Wood, 3 Victoria Street, Westminster, London.
1624. Frederick J .Wood, County Surveyor, County Hall, Lewis, Sussex..

1952. Jno. Wood, Barley Brook Foundry, Wigan.
1016. Thos. Wood, Barley Brook Foundry, Wigan.
1987. Walter Wood, Philadelphia, U.S.A.

1953. W. K. Wood, 153 Queen Street, Glasgow.
2095. Wm. Wood, Ardgowan, Kilmalcolm.

786. W T m. E. Wood, 46 Church Street, Accrington.
I 553- J- Cowan Woodburn, 18 Beechwood Drive, Jordanhill, Glasgow,

619. Wm. H. Woods, Southfield, Hale, Cheshire.
1951. J. H. Woodward, Urban District Council, Skipton.

153. Dr. Robert L. Woolcombe, 14 Waterloo Road, Dublin.

549. Joseph Woolf, jun., 32 Victoria Street, London, S.W.

517. R. J. Worth, East View House, Seaton, Carew.
1707. Edgar Worthington, The Inst. of Mechanical Engineers, Storey's

Gate, London, S.W.

1538. W. B. Worthington, 2 Wilton Polygon, Cheetham Hill, Manchester.
1956. J. D. Wragg, Swadlincote, Burton-on-Trent.
1958. G. H. Wraith, Tudhoe Iron Works, Spennymoor.



398 MEMBERS.



1656. H. O. Wraith, 44 Croft Avenue, Sunderland.

2117. Romulus P. Wray, 33 Culchith Lane, Newton Heath, Manchester

2012. T. H. Roberts Wray, The British Schuckert Electric Co., Ltd.



j. xc . , , , ..

1320. James Wright, 181 Queen Victoria Street, London, E.G.
1189. John Wright, 40 Leadenhall Street, London, E.G.
229. Robert Wright, Lloyds Office, 342 Argyle Street, Glasgow.
1090. Thomas Wright, 2 Berkeley Terrace, Glasgow.
1685. Thomas Wright, c/o Siemens, Bros., & Co., Ltd., Woolwich,
-f- 900. Sir Thomas Wrightson, Mashona Hall, Darlington.

154. H. H. Wyatt, 2 Crosby Square, London, E.G.
1949. C. D. Wybron, Symabelle, Landsdowne Road, Bournemouth.
188. Alexander Wylie, Kirkfield, Johnstone.
396. John W T ylie, Jun., Oswald Villa, Coatbridge.
H- 220. Wm. Wylie, Clifton Iron Works, Coatbridge.



2052. T. H. Yabbicom, City Engineer, 63 Queen's Square, Bristol.
1554. F. A. Yerbury, Oaklea, Lenzie.

1486. C. Y. Young, W. Parkweg 9, Amsterdam, Holland.
1216. G. F. Young, 35 Woodside Quad., Glasgow.
H- 1078. John D. Young, 6 Carlton Terrace, Glasgow.
1288. John Young, Cross Lynne, Bearsden.
1477. Jhn Young, 20 Chalmers Road, Ayr.
1868. John Young, 42 Bath Street, Glasgow.
H- 2083. John Young, 88 Renfield Street, Glasgow.

H-I439. Thos. Young, Rowington, Whittingham Drive, Kelvinside, Glasgow.
604. Wm. Young, Walton Bank, Cambuslang.
654. A. S. Younger, 8 \Valmer Crescent, Glasgow, S.S.
611. John Younger, Birch Bank, 88 Albert Road, Crosshill.



z

). H. Zweig, Director of Naval Construction, Pola, Austria.




INDEX.



LIST OF PAPERS.

With Authors' Names and Pages for Abstracts

PAGE

Address of the President, James Mansergh, F.R.S., - 10

PAPERS IX SECTION I. RAILWAYS.

Uganda Railway, by Sir Guildford Molesworth, K.C.I.E., - - 28
The Economy of Electricity as a Motive Power on Railways at Present

Driven by Steam, by Prof. C. A. Carus-Wilson, M.A., - - 32
Modern Practice in Railway Signalling, by I. A. Timmis, - '35

Sudan Government Military Railways, by Major C. B. Macaulay, R.E., 39

Australian Railways, by Prof. W. C. Kernot, - - 43

The Proposed Tunnel between Scotland and Ireland, by James Barton, 47

Cheaper Railway Fares, by Horace Bell, - - - - 51

PAPERS IN SECTION II. WATERWAYS AND MARITIME WORKS.

The Dortmund and Ems Canal, by Regierungs und Baurath Hermann, 56
Novel Plant Employed in Transporting the Excavations on the Chicago

Drainage Canal Works, by Isham Randolph, - - 60

Irrigation in the Nile Y alley and its Future, by W. Willocks, C.M.G., 64
Proposed Inland Waterway between the Baltic Sea and the White Sea,

by Prof. V. E. de Tirnonoff, - - 65

The Improvement of the Lower Mississippi River, by J. A. Ockerson, 69
Recent Improvements Effected in the Navigable Condition of the

Sulina Branch and Outlet of the Danube, by C. H. L. Kiihl, - 72
The River Clyde and Harbour of Glasgow, by W. M. Alston, - - 74
Improvement Works on the Clyde Estuary, by D. and C. Stevenson, - 77
Works for Improving the Bilbao River and Making an Outer Harbour :
also the Application of Large Caissons as a Breakwater Founda-
tion, by Evaristo de Charruca, - - - 80
Zeebrugge Harbour Works, by J. Nyssens Hart and L. van Gansberghe, 83
Recent Improvements in the Lighting and Buoying, etc., of the Scottish

and Isle of Man Coasts, by David A. Stevenson, - -85

Recent Improvements in the Lighting and Buoying of the Coasts of

France, by Baron Quinette de Rochemont, - 90

The Chinese Lighthouse Service, by J. R. Harding, - - 93

Improved Rapid Group-Flashing Lights, by Alan Brebner, - - 96

PAPERS IN SECTION III. MECHANICAL.

The Cooling of the Cylinders of High-Speed Internal Combustion

Engines, and its Effect upon the Power Developed, by Prof. H.

Hele-Shaw, LL.D., F.R.S., - 98

Trials of Steam Turbines for Driving Dynamos, by Hon. Charles A.

Parsons and Geo. G. Stoney, - - - 101

Some Particulars of the Results of the Compound Locomotives on the

Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway, by R. Gould, - - 103

The Rating and Testing of Electrical Machinery, by Gisbert Kapp, - 107



400 INDEX.

PAGE

Some Experiences and Results Derived from the Use of Highly Super-
heated Steam in Engines, by R. Lenke, .... 109

A Premium System of Remunerating Labour, by James Rowan s - 112

Some Factors Affecting the Economical Manufacture of Marine

Engines, by William Thomson, - - - - - 116

Workshop Methods : Some Efficiency Factors in an Engineering

Business, by William Weir and J. R. Richmond, - - 121

The Adoption of the Metric System in our Workshops, by Arthur

Greenwood, - -124

The loo-ton Universal Testing Machine, with Variable Accumulator, at
the James Watt Laboratories, Glasgow University, by J. Hartley
Wicksteed, - - 127

A Regenerative Accumulator and its Application for using Exhaust

Steam, by A. Ratrau, - 130

Experiments on the Escape of Steam through circular Orifices, by A.

Ratau, - 132

Power Required to Drive a Marine Engine Works, by James Crichton

and W. G. Riddell, - - 134

Pneumatic Riveting and Other Useful Applications of Pneumatic

Tools, by J. C. Taite, - - 137

Agricultural Machinery in the Canadian Pavilion at the Glasgow Inter-
national Exhibition, 1901, by G. Harwood Frost, - 140

The Cassel Self -Regulating Water Wheel, by E. C. de Segundo, - 143

PAPERS IN SECTION IV. NAVAL ARCHITECTURE AND MARINE
ENGINEERING.

The Chief Characteristics of the Naval Development of the Nineteenth

Century, by Sir Nathaniel Burnaby, K.C.B., - - 146

Approximate Rules for the Determination of the Displacement and
Dimensions of a Ship in Accordance with a Given Programme

of Requirements, by J. A. Normand, - - 149

The Hydraulics of the Resistance of Ships, by E. C. Thrupp, - 151

Shipyard Equipment, by Prof. J. H. Biles, - - - 154

Electrical Power Supply in Shipbuilding Yards and Marine Engine

Works, by Robert Robertson, B.Sc., - - 155

A Memorandum on Floating Docks, by T. Gibson Bowles, M.P. - 159

The Modern Steamboat Equipment of Warships, by E. C. Carnt, - 162

Some Graphic Analyses of Propeller Reactions, by J. Millen Adam, - 164

A New Propeller, by Johann Schutte, - - 166

PAPERS IN SECTION V. IRON AND STEEL.

Presidential Address, by William Whitwell, - - 169
The Iron and Steel Industries of the West of Scotland :

I. Pig Iron, by Henry Bumby, - - 173
II. Malleable Iron, by William Wylie, - - 182
III. Steel, by Henry Archibald, - - - - 185
The Nomenclature of Metallography (Preliminary Report by a Com-
mittee of the Iron and Steel Institute), - - 190
Variations of Carbon and Phosphorus in Steel Billets, by Axel Wahl-

berg, - 192

The Correct Treatment of Steel, by C. H. Ridsdale, - - 195

Copper and Iron Alloys, by J. E. Stead, - 198
The Influence of Copper on Steel for Wire-Making, by J. E. Stead and

F. H. Wigham, - - 199



INDEX. 401

PAGE

The Presence of Calcium in High Grade Ferro-Silicon, by G. Watson

Gray, .... . . 200

The Profitable Utilisation of Power from Blast-Furnace Gases, by B.

H. Thwaite. - - - - 201

An Investigation of the Spectra of Flames at Different Periods During

the Basic Bessemer Blow, by W. X. Hartley and Hugh Ramage, 204
Brinell's Method of Determining Hardness and* Other Properties of

Iron and Steel, by Axel Wahlberg, - - - 208

The Internal Strains of Iron and Steel and their Bearing upon Fracture,

by Arthur Wingham, - - 210

PAPERS IN SECTION VI. MINING.

Presidential Address, by Sir William Thomas Lewis, Bart., - - 212

The Oil Shale Fields of the Lothians, by H. M. Cadell, - 217

The Carboniferous Limestone Coal-Fields of West Lothian, by H. M.

Cadell, ..... -218

The Tarquah Gold-Field, Gold Coast, West Africa, by A. R. Sawyer, 219
Brick-Making, by George L. Allen, - 223

The Buffelsdoorn and Adjacent Districts of the Northern Klerksdorp

Gold-Fields, Transvaal, by William Smith, - - 226

The Culm-Measure Types of Great Britain, by W. A. E. Ussher, - 228
The Production of Copper and its Sources of Supply, by M. Eissler, 229
The Imperfect Pulverisation of Rocks by Means of Stamping, and

Suggestions for its Improvement, by E. D. Chester, - - 229

Mining and Treatment of Copper Ore at the Wallaroo and Moonta

Mines, South Australia, by H. Lipson Hancock, - - - 231

A New Diagram of the Work of Mine Ventilation, by H. W. G. Hal-

baum, - ... 234

Coke-Making at the Oliver Coke Works, F. C. Keighley, - 237

Mineral Resources of the Province of Quebec, Canada, by J. Obalski, 239
The Theory of the Equivalent Orifice, Treated Graphically, by H. W.

G. Halbaum, - - - 242

Gold Dredging, by W. Denham Verschoyle, - - 242

GoldrMining in the Rossland District, British Columbia, J. J. Sande-

man, ..... . 242

The Connection of Underground and Surface Surveys, by Prof. G. R.

Thompson, .... . 243

A New Civil and Mining Engineers' Transit Theodolite, for Connecting
Underground Workings to the Surface, vice versa, and for
General Surveying, by H. D. Hoskold, - - 246

Alternating Currents and their Possible Application to Mining Opera-
tions, Part II. The Practical Application of Alternating Cur-
rents to Mining Operations, by Sydney F. Walker, - 248

SECTION VII. MUNICIPAL.

Chairman's Address, by E. George Mawbey, - - - 251

Researches into the System of Sewage Purification at Huddersfield by

Bacterial and other Methods, by K. F. Campbell, - - 253

Sewage Treatment, by Lieut.-Col. A. S. Jones, V.C., - - - 256

The Birmingham Waterworks, by James Mansergh, - - - 259

Disposal of Sewage, by A. B. M'Donald, - - - 262

Municipal Sanitation, by William Weaver, - - - 265

Recent Tramway Practice, by James More, Jun., - - - 266

The Problem of the Housing of the Labouring Classes ; with Special

Reference to Suburban Districts, by A. H. Campbell, - - 270



402 INDEX.

PAGE

Coal-Mining Subsidences in Relation to Sewerage Works, by F. W.

Mager, - - - - - - -272

SECTION VIII. GAS.

Chairman's Address, by George Livesey, - 275

Notes on the Various Systems of Gas Lighting in use at the Glasgow

International Exhibition, by the Committee, - - - 279

Gobbe's "Quenching" Producer, by Fernand Bruyere, - - 283

The Utilisation of Water Gas in the Destructive Distillation of Coal,

by Prof. Vivian B. Lewes, - - 285

The Automatic Lighting and Extinguishing of Street Lanterns, by A.

Rothenbach, Jun., ... - 289

The Principles of Construction of a Proposed Modern Gas-holder for

Amsterdam, by J. van Rossum du Chattel, - - 292

The Production of Illuminating Gas from Coke-Ovens, by F. Schnie-

wind, - - - 296

The Destruction of Gas Pipes by Means of Electricity, by W. Leybold, 298
Application of the Unit System of Gas Manufacture to its Purification,

by Charles Carpenter, - - 300

The Mechanical Transport of Materials in Gasworks, by Wm. Reg.

Chester, - - - - - 303

The Construction of Inclined Retort Carbonising Plants, by Walter

Ralph Herring, - - - 306

SECTION IX. ELECTRICAL.

Introductory Address, by W. Langdon, - - 310

Notes on Some of the Chief Objects of Interest to Electrical Engineers

in the Glasgow Int. Exhib., 1901, by W. B. Sayers, - - 314

High Speed Railway Car of the Allgemeine" Electricitats Gesellschaft,

Berlin, by O. Lasche, - - 317

Dangers from Trolley Wires and their Prevention, by Prof. Andrew

Jamieson, - - 321

Electricity Supply Meters of the Electrolytic Type, by J. R. Dick, - 323
Kelvin's Electric Measuring Instruments, by Prof. Magnus Maclean, - 326
The Relative Advantages of Three, Two, and Single Phase Systems

for Feeding Low-Tension Networks, by M. B. Field, - - 331

Modern Commutating Dynamo Machinery, with Special Reference to

the Commutating Limits, by H. M. Hobart, - - 334

Design of Continuous-Current Dynamos, by Henry A. Mavor, - - 337



LIST OF AUTHORS OF PAPERS.

With Titles of Papers and Pages for Abstracts.

Adam, J. Millen, Some Graphic Analyses of Propeller Reactions, - 164
Allen, Geo. L., Brick-Making, - - 223
Alston, W. M., The River Clyde and Harbour of Glasgow, - - 74
Archibald, Henry, The Iron and Steel Industries of the West of Scot-
land : III. Steel, - - - 185

Barnaby, Sir Nathaniel, The Chief Characteristics of the Naval

Development of the Nineteenth Century, - - 146

Barton, James, The Proposed Tunnel between Scotland and Ireland, 47

Bell, Horace, Cheaper Railway Fares, - 51

Biles, Prof. J. H., Shipyard Equipment, - - 154



INDEX. 403

PAGE

Bowles, T. Gibson, A Memorandum on Floating Docks, - - 159



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