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DR. EPHRAIM CLARK.



MORRIS'S
MEMORIAL HISTORY



STATEN ISLAND



NEW YORK



VOLUME II



IRA K. MORRIS



PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOR

West New Brighton
Staten Island



Copyright 1900



The Winthrop Press

33-^ Lafayette Place

New York



TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER I PAGE

Under the Republic 1

The Dami of Peace — Prominent Citizens — CJreat Chanoes — Dutch. French anil

Kiiiilish Pcs,-,.n.hnits~S,.,ti..nal Strifr — l.if.. A n- Oni' Prnph— Ilanncts -

AnTirnllll.al I'lll-Mlll. -CriV Srrn.s Al - OM Sl;,l,.„ Islall.l l-:,llNllr. CoulltV

Ai.s(rarl-.\c» Kva ^I'aiii,- - liupris..,,,,,..,!! lnrl>,.M Fl;,x Kiiis,,,;;- -Suuthrrn.Ts
Attracted Here— Celebrating the Fourth of ,1 uly — ( )hl-fashioiail PrograniN -
Patriotism at a Discoimt — Editorial Lecture — Rev. Peter I. Van Pelt's Address —
The Last Celebration.

CHAPTER II 1136173
Staten Island Militia. 13

The First Militia — Dutch Company — English Militia — Origin of Militia — The
Duke's Laws — Equipments — Training Days — The Code — Queen Anne's Order —
Pilhii.i.VCuiiiiission— A "Petison"— Battel irs at t1ir Xarrows— II,.,n v TTollaud—
Au-ustiii < I r:. ham— Thomas Arrowsniith -Oflirci •, Im- 17:;.'. Mililia in 1775—
DraiN — I.ni;,l Maten Lslanders— Prisnncr- - r.illn|i|,\ Maim I^lan.l .Mililia- The
Gunboat sitaten Island Regiment — Tompkiii,s Guards Uichiuuiid County (ruards
— Southfield Guards — Castleton Guai'ds — Northiield Guards — Cavalry Troop —
Review at New Dorp — The Old-time May Muster.

CHAPTER III

The War of Eighteen Hundred and Twelve 28

Cause of the War — Right of Expatriation — Naturalization Laws — General Scott's
Bravery — (ieneral Hull — General Brook — The Indians — Line of Battle — Governor
Tompkins' Services — Forts Toui]ikins and P>iclnuond — Prominent Officers — Colonel
Richard Conner — Arrest of Susptcts — liattlr <it Xew Orleans — Captain Benjamin
Wood — Governor Tompkins" Financial 'rroul)lcs — Inspection of Forts in 1835 —
Beautiful Re.sidence.

CHAPTER IV
In the Old Slavery Days. ....... 36



African Slaverv on Staten Island Fudcr tlir Dutcli and French— Slavery in
The Revoluti..n-Al.olltinuin the Statr- I'.iMi. S,.„l ini.ait -(inaker Opposition-
Royal African ('..uiikuiv— Slav.- Paiaa.k- lln ■■ Kimii-" — I al Slave Records

— Westfiehl (hr \Vcaltiii,.st Town— ■■ Cafr,- iis Fust Frre-horn Negress— Slave
Owners — .Xiiilrcw hcckri's Application — " Man," a Free-born Negro — Indenturing
Colored CbiMicii slavr Sale — Emancipation Celebration — Benjamin Perine, the
Last Staten Ishni.l Slav.



CONTENTS.

CHAPTER ^'

The Whipping-post at Richmond.



Oiigiually Located at Stouy Brook — Established at Cueklestowi in 1710 —

First Victims Worthless "Saiii" — Power of the Devil — Holland's Hook Witch

—Hessian Whipped— Marauding Band— Petty Criminals— Public Whippers— First
Legal Execution.

CHAPTEK ^'I
Old Staten Island Families



Negligence of By-gone Generations — Broken Links in Family Records — Impor-
tant Biographies — Old Citizens and Old Records — Alston — Androvette — Arrow-
smith — Barnes — Beatty — Bedell — Billopp — Blake — Bi idine — Bogart — Braisted —
Britton — Broileau — Burbanck — Burger — Bush — Butler — Cannon — Christopher —
Cole — Colon — Conner — Corsen — Cortelyou — Crips — Crocheron — Cropsey— Cruzer
( Kruzer, Krosen, etc.) — Cubberly — Decker — DeGroot — DeHart — Denyse.

CHAPTER VII

Old Staten Island Families (Continued)

Depuy—Disosway— Dooland—DuBois — Dunn— Dustau— Eddy— Egbert— Ellis

Enyaid — Fountain — Frost— Garrison — Gifford— Guyon — Hatfield — Holmes —

Hough wout — H illyer — Housman — Jaeobson — Jacques — Johnson — Jones — Jour-
iieay — La Forge— Lake — Larzelere — Latourette — Lawrence — Lisk — Lockman.

CHAPTER VIII
Old Staten Island Families (Concluded). . ■ . . . 1

Manee — Martling — Martino — Merrell — Mersereau — Metcalfe — Midieau — Mor-
gan — Perine — Poillou — Post — Pi-all — Pryer — Ryerss - -Seguiue — Sharrett — Simon-
son — Stillwell — Sprague — Taylor — Totten — Towusend — Tysen — Van Duzer — Van-
Clief — Van Name — Van Pelt — Wandel^ — Winant — Woglum — Wood.

CHAPTER IX

The Vanderbilt Family 1

Jan Avertsen Van der Bilt — " Commodore " Cornelius Vanderbilt — Real Estate
Owners — Making Money Early in Life — Married His Cousin — Builds Vessels —
Staten Island Ferry — Many Business Enterprises — William H. Vanderbilt — Life
on Staten Island — A Business Career — Jacob H. Vanderbilt — Tlie Present Genera-
tion.

("HAPTER X

Aaron Burr — Soldier, Lawyer, Politician, . . . . 1

Burr's Interest in Staten Island — His Boyhood — Enters the Continental Army —
Goes to Quebec — His Mission — Montgomery's Aide-de-camp — Carries His Gen-
eral's Bod}' — On Washington's Staff — Commands a Regiment — Plans Against
British on Staten Island — Commands a Brigade at Monmouth — Westchester Lines
— Leaves the Army and Studies Law — Marries Mrs. Prevost — Little Theodosia —
Removes to New York — Alexander Hamilton — Richmond Hill — In the Legislature
— Enters Politics — Appointed Attorney General — United States Senator — Organ-
izes the Democratic Party — First Duel — Becomes Vice-President — Defeated for
Governor — Duel with Hamilton — Resigns the Vice-Presidency — Tried for Treason
and Acquitted — Goes to Europe — Theodosia Lost at Sea — Burr Marries Mme.
Jumel — Brought Back to Staten Island — His Death — The Funeral — Witherspoon
Cemetery.



CONTENTS.

CHAPTER XI PAGE

Old Staten Island Structures. . . . . . . .160

Austin House, ou the Narrows — Disosway-Cole Mill, at Tottenville — Old Place
Mill — Old Dutch Reformed Churches — Bedell Homestead, at Green Ridge —
Periiie Homestead, at Garretsous — Guyou Homestead, at New Dorp — Vanderbilt
Hiiiii.^tri.l — \'iii Duzer Homestead, at Torapkinsville — Britton Homestead, at
Oak\\.""l I ik. House, at Port Richmond — Housmau House, at Port Richmond
—Tvlii .MaiiMc.ii, at We5t New Brighton— Ward Mansion, at New Brighton— Brit-
tou's Mill, at Clove Lake — Benham Mansion, at Green Ridge — Old Woolen Mill,
at Richmond — Seaman Homestead, at Green Ridge — Scott House, at West New
Brighton — Dutch Reformed Parsonage, at Port Richmond — Kruzer or Pelton
House, at West New Brighton — Winant Homestead, at Woodrow — Fountain Home-
stead, at New Dorp — Latourette Homestead, on Richmond Hill — Old Red Jail, at
Richmond — Van Pelt House, at Woodrow — Lake-Tysen Homestead, at New Dorp.



CHAPTER XII
Old Hotels of Staten Island. ....... 179

Governor Kieft's House — The " Rose and Crown " Farm-house, at New Dorp —
Black Hoise Tavern, at New Dorp — Cueklestowne Inn — Old House by the Mill, at
(ircrii r,i(b4(- I'linly's Hotel, at Prince's Bay — Ferry Tavern, at Tottenville —
I!iiir> lltad laviru— Union Hotel, at Tottenville— Red Horse Tavern, at Stony
Hii,„k — Old Oakley House, at Rossville — Swan Hotel, at West New Brighton —
Port Richmoud (St. James) Hotel — Fountain House, at West New Brighton —
Bennett's Tavern, at Graniteville — Nautilus Hall, at Tompkinsville — Cliff House,
at Clifton— Bodiue's Inn, at Castleton Corners — Rossville Hotel — Richmond
County Hall, at Richmond — Patten House, at New Dorp — Old Track House —
Club House, at Oakwood — Planters' Hotel, at Tompkinsville — Belmont Hall,
at New Brighton — Washington Hotel, at Richmond — Dock Hotel, at New Brighton
— Windsor Hotel, at New Brighton — St. Mark's Hotel, New Brighton — Castleton
House, at West New Brighton, etc.



CHAPTER XIII
Distinguished Residents and Guests 197

James W. Auteu — Commander Timothy Greene Benham — Rear-Admiral Andrew
EUicott Kennedy Benham — Rev. William H. Boole — Hon. James A. Bradley —
Hon. Erastus Brooks— Captain Richard Christopher— Dr. Ephraim Clark— General
Jacob Dolsen Cox — Colonel Ichabod B. Crane — Hon. George William Curtis —
Alexander Del Mar— Captain Clement Disosway— General Richard A. Donnelly —
Dr. William Draper — General Alfred Napoleon Duffie — Thomas Robert Eagleson
— Judge William Emerson.

CHAPTER XIV

Distinguished Residents and Guests ( Concluded'). . . . 216

General John Charles Fremont — General Joseph Garibaldi — General Joseph Karge
— Louis Kossuth — General Lafayette — Jenny Liud — John Lusk — Max Maretzek —
" Middy " and Jane Morgan — Antonio Meucci — William Page — General Ely S.
Parker — Delia Tudor Stewart-Parnell— IVkr Pero — Lieutenant Sidney S. Simons
— Rear-Admiral John Drake Sloat— (iiuoral Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna —
Gustav Struve — Henry D. Thoreau — Hon. Uauiel D. Tompkins — Rev. Stephen
Moffatt Vail — Erastus Wiman — General John I\L Palmer — Governor Caleb Lyon
— General Crittenden — General James Jourdan — William Winter — Rear-Admii-al
W. S. Schley, and others.



CHAPTER XV pA.iK

Three Centuries of Politics. . 240

Kii'ft as a P(.litiri;ui— The Dutcli ami Fi-encli Combine against the English —
Iii(lci..'iiilciit l'(il..il -'I'hc Fidri-al Party — The New Era — Richard Conner, Leader
— 'I'liic.-ilay I'.li'.tiniis Vn-v I'l-lits — Candidates in 1804 — First Democratic Vic-
tory on StaUn Island -Cliangu of Sentiment — Factories — Influx of Citizens — Gun
Factory — Corktovvn — Jackson Caniijaigns — John Quincy Adams — Celebrating a
Victory — A Third-party Convention — The Whigs — Campaigns of 1835 and 1837 —
Newspaper Fight — Celebration at Richmond — Tribulations of 1848 — Fight be-
twien the "Hardshells" and " Softshells "— The Know-Nothing Party^The Vt6-
iiiiint Campaign — Slavery Question — John Brown — Political Changes — The Cleve-
land Cam|)aign — Hon. Nicholas Muller.

CnAPTEK XVI
Old Post Routes and Ferries 260

The First Ferry — Captain Ducket — Popular Route — Stage-boats — Joseph Rich-
ards — Blazing Star — John Burrowhill — The Watering Place — William Leake —
John Stillwell — Brigadier-General Leslie — Frederick Simonson — Bergen Point —
James Johnson — Adonia Schuyler — The "Boliver" — The Huguenot Line — The
" Mouse of the Mountain."

CHAPTER XVII
Freemasonry on Staten Island 2GG

A Provisional Lodge — British Officers at Nautilus 1 lall — King (ieorge's Reward
— Major Guyon's Hospitality — Governor Tompkins' Efforts — Organization of Rich-
mond Lodge — Anti-Masonic Crusade — The Old Lodge Room — St. John's Day —
Masonic Hall — Removal to Port Richmond — The New Building — Corner-stone —
Dedication — Huguenot Lodge ^Tompkins Lodge — Beacon Light Lodge — Other
Masonic Organizations.

CHAPTER XVIII
The Dutch Reformed Churches. 275

The First Staten Island Churches — Rev. Samuel Drisius — The Waldenses — The
Huguenots — Dominie Selyns — Governor Hunter — Rev. Dr. McKenzie — Port Rich-
mond Dutch Reformed Church — Rev. Mr. Jackson — Jacob Rezeau — Rev. Peter
Stryker — Rev. Peter I. Van Pelt — Rev. James Brownlee — Judge Mersereau —
Judge Tysen — Paul Latourette — The Anniversary — Old Kecords — Rev. A. H.
Deniarest.

CHAPTER XIX i

The Presbyterian Churches 283

The Presbyterians at Stony Brook — Worshiped with the Waldenses — The Jacques
Cortelyou Deed — Presbyterian Society — Presented with Ground for a Meeting
House — Nathaniel Britton — James Carman — Edward Jones — Edgewater Presby-
terian Church — Rev. Wilbur Fiske Wood — Calvary Presbyterian Church — Rev.

Thomas A. Leggett.

CHAPTER XX
The Moravian Churches 290



The Old Church at New Dorp — Captain Nicholas Garrison — David Bruce —
Early Laborers — Jacobus Vanderbilt — Old Church Vacated — Many Changes —
Captain Christian Jacobson— New Edifice in 1845— First Church Organ— An Old
Sunday-school — Mr. Vanderbilt's Gift — Moravian Chaiicls.



CONTENTS.

CHAPTER XXI PAGE

The Methodist Churches 294

lutroduetioii of Methodism on Staten Island — Francis Asbury — Peter Van Pelt
— Thomas Morrell — Robert Cloud — ^Methodist Society — An Appeal — Subscriptions
—New Chnrch in 1S4-J— Father Boehi.i The TnKenmcle— St. Paul's, at Totteu-
ville— Asbury, at Xrw Spriii-vill.' i;i..,„uli..I,l Clinivh— CraniteviUe Church-
Trinity, at West New Hiiulit.iii — Kiii-^l.y, at Si a |,l,t ,.ii -I'.ethel, at Tottenville—
Sunimerfield, at MariiicTs' Ilailioi' (iiacc, at I'oit Kielimond — St. Mark's, at
Pleasant Plains— St. Jolm's, at Uussville.

CHArTER XXII
The Episcopal Churches 302

Richmond a Religions Centre — Rev. William Vesey — A Gospel Society — Rev.
John Talbot — Dutch Reformed Hospitality — Land Donated in 1813 — St. Andrew's
— Rich Bequest — Cliaplain Charlton — Bishoj) Richard Channing Moore — Rev.
David Moore — Rev. Thomas S. Yoconi — Church of the Ascension — St. John's, at
Clifton — St. Paul's, at Tompkinsville — St. Luke's, at Rossville — Christ's, at New
Brighton — Holy Comforter, at Ettingville, etc.

CHAPTER XXIII
The Baptist Churches. 310

The Old Clove Church — Services in Barns — Rev. Elkanah Holmes — Rev. Daniel
Stears — Rossville Church — Graniteville Church — President Arthur's Father — Park
Baptist Church — Mariners' Harbor Church — Kreischerville Church — South Baptist
Church, at Tottenville — New Brighton Baptist Church.

CHAPTER XXIV

Lutheran and Congregational Churches, Etc. . . . 317

St. Jolm's, at Port Richmond — St. Peter's, at Kreischerville — Chnrch of the
Evangelists, at New Brighton — Church of the Redeemer — German Evangelical
Church of Stapleton — Jewish Synagogue, at Tompkinsville.

CHAPTER XXV
The Roman Catholic Churches 321



Early Catholics of Staten Island — Prol)ably a Church at Cucklestown — Wor-
shiping in the Dongan House — Services on (iitt'ord's Lane — St. Peter's, at New
Brighton — Rev. Patrick Murphy — Rev. John Barry — Rev. John Lewis — St. Mary's,
at Clifton — Rev. James C. Carapliell — Rev. J. C. Rigney — St. Joseph's, at Rossville
— St. Patrick's, at Richmond — St. Rose of Lima, at West New Brighton — Rev.
William C. Poole— Other Churches.

CHAPTER XXVI
The Bench and Bar l



County Records Burned in 1698— Richard Stillwell, "Justes" — Chief Judge
Augustin Graham — Judge Ellis Duxbury — Officials in 1739 — Benjamin Seaman —
Hon. Ogden Edwards — Hon. Joseph Barnard — Hon. Henry B. Metcalfe — Hon.
Tompkins Westervelt — Hon. John J. Kenney — Hon. Nathaniel Marsh — Hon.
Stephen 1). Stephens — Hon. Thomas W. Fitzgerald — Hon. John Croak — Hon.
Augustus Acker — John and William H. Anthon — Hon. Alvin C. Bradley — Hon.
Lot C. ('lark — Hon. George Cromwell — Charles L. Hubbell — Hon. Edward Sidney
Rawson — Hon. Calvin D. Van Name, and others.



CONTENTS.
CHAPTER XXYII
The Medical Fraternity



Stony Brook Physicians — Doctors Bigell, Mersous, and Seanians — Dr. Baker,
"Tyrant" — Marines Swain — First Medical Society — Dr. Benjamin Parker — Re-
organization of Medical Society in 1855 — List of Physicians in Richmond County —
Dr. Melvin L. Adams — Dr. John L. Feeny — Dr. George C. Hubbard — Dr. Sanmi'l
Adams Robinson — Dr. Samuel R. Smith — Dr. John Swinburne — Dr. Charles A\'il-
mot Townsend — Dr. J. Walter Wood — Otlier Physicians.

CHAPTER XXA^III

Staten Island Journalism 351

The Early Press — The Riclimond Repul)lican — Cliarles N. Baldwin — Description
of the First Island Paper — William Hagadorn — The Chronicle — Free Press —
Staten Islander — Plaindealer — Richmond County Mirror — Francis L. Hagadorn —
The Little Corporal — The Sepoy — Richmond County Gazette — North Shore Advo-
cate — Staten Island Leader — North Shore Union — The Sentinel — Staten Island
Star — Richmond County Democrat — Richmond County Herald — Richmond County
Standard — Westfield Times — Richmond County Advance — The News-Letter, and
several others.

CHAPTER XXIX
The Schools of Staten Island 3(il



The First School — Teachers' Obligations — Perth Amboy Academy — New Spring-
ville School — The English Society — Riiliniund School — Regents of the University
— Governor Tompkins' Aid — Gideon Hiiwlcy — Woudrow School — Castleton Cor-
ners School — Girls' Admission to Public .ScIkkiIs — Rights of Women — District
Trustees — Better School Houses — Borougli Schools — " Mr. French's School " —
Spanish Academy — Dr. Pardon's School — Father Boehm's School — Dr. Van Pelt's
Academy — Richmond College — Richmond Seminary — Staten Island Academy —
Brighton Heights Seminary — St. Austin's — Trinity School — Westerleigh Collegiate
Institute — Roman Catholic Parochial Schools.

CHAPTER XXX

The Quarantine Hospitals. 375

The First Movement, in 1758 — Yellow Fever — Plans for Removal — Imposing
Buildings — Board of Health — Dr. Mundy — Dr. Thompson — Discord — Disease
Spreading — Meeting of Citizens — The Conflagration — Emigrant Ships — The Crowd
— Marines — John C. Thompson — Ray Tompkins — Judge Metcalfe's Opinion —
Seguine's Point — People of Westfleld Aroused — Hospitals Burned — Eugene B.
Halle — Abram Latourette — Sheriff Isaac M. Marsh — Legislative Action.

CHAPTER XXXI
Staten Island During the Rebellion. 387



April, 1861 — Condition of the Country— Our First Interest — Mass Meetings —
Call for Troops — Citizens Enlisting — Hon. George William Curtis Speaks — En-
cauiiHiiniis (.11 (lie r^lalu^ -Krastus Brooks' Address — War Committee — Recruiting
Station^ -liirliiiioihl Cnniily Regiment — Colonel Minthorne Tompkins — Town
Que. las -Su|Hi\is,,,, I'.iisv—Repeated Calls for Troops — Violent Mobs — Issuing
Bunds— I'lupuiiiig lui- the Draft— Indignation Meetings— The Debt— Military
Organizations — The Camps — Review by General McClellau — List of Recruits —
The Drafted— Their Substitutes.



CONTENTS.

CHAPTER XXXII page

The Bi-Centennial Celebration. 408

Coimty Organization — The Committee — Celebration a Great Success — (irand
Procession — Large Meeting at Stapleton — Addresses by Dr. Ephraim Clark, Hon.
Erastus Brooks, Hon. Algernon S. Sullivan, Hon. Henry J. Scudder, Hon. George
William Curtis, and Hon. L. Bradford Prince.

CHAPTER XXXIII

The Sailors' Snug Harbor. . • 412



Honorable llistoiv — (':i|itiiiM 'riiniiias I'vandall — Father of the Founder — Captain
Robert Richard Kan.bill — Thr Will A Bit of Randall Historj — Alexander
Hamilton — Daniel 1). Tompkins — W liy tlir Harbor Was Located on Staten Islanfl
— The Randall Monument— Large Tract of Land— The Buildings^-Statue of
Robert Richard Randall — Rules of the Institution.

CHAPTER XXXIV
Charitable Organizations 423

Seamen's Retreat — Uv. Moffatt's Report — S. R. Smith Infirmary — Ladies'
Auxiliary — Mariners' Family Asylum — Home for Destitute Chihlren of Seamen —
Miss Anna M. Drew — Staten Island Diet Kitchen — Women's Christian Temper-
ance Union.

CHAPTER XXXV
The Island's Poor and Their Home 431

Petition in 1G92 — Public Lot — Children Paid for Boarding Parents — First Alms
House — Records Destroyed — Excise Moneys — Tax Quota in 1784 — Poor Expenses
in 1800— New County House in 1803— Political Issue— Public Meeting— Martino
Farm Piuchased in 1830 — Old Place Sold — Old Records — Children at the Alms
House — Political Hot-bed — Newspaper Warfare — Assaults — " Combine " De-
feated — The Potter's Field.

CHAPTER XXXVI
Staten Island Villages 439

Oude Dorp (Old Town) — Stony Brook — New Dorp — Cueklestown (Richmond)
—Long Neck (New Si)riiiosvill.'"i— Fresli Kills (Green Ridge)— Rossville—Lin-
oleimiville — Tomiikinsxill.— Sta].l.'l..n Clittun — Concord — Castletou Corners —
Garretsons — (irant City— (i ill. 'i.U lllhnuville — Annadale — Huguenot -^Prince's

Bay Pleasant Plains- -RirlimoiHl N'.illi'v -Kreischerville — Woodrow — Bogardus'

Corner— Graniteville— Bull's Head— Willow Brook— Old Place— Chelsea— Travis-
ville— Egbert ville— Prohibition Park— Edgewater — New Brighton — Port Rich-
mond, etc.

CHAPTER XXXVII
The Public Highways — Past and Present. .... 447

Indian Trails— Old Town Road— Richmond Terrace— Old Road Records— Rich-
mond Road — To Dongan's Mill— Amboy Road— Old-time Road-making— Editorial
Comment— The New Era— Citizens' ISIovement- Hon. Henry P. Morrison— Many
Miles of Macadamized Road — JIaintenance.



CONTENTS.
CHAPTER XXXVIII page

Staten Island Banks 456

A Memorable Business Period — The Banking Era — The First Staten Island Bank
— Opposition — Other Schemes — Staten Island Savings Bank — Bank of Staten
Island — First National Bank — Richmond Coimty Savings Bank.

CHArTEK XXXIX
Staten Island Railroads 461

The Staten Island Railway — Many Difficulties — North and South Shore Rail-
road — Rapid Transit Railroad — Belt Line Horse Railroad — Midland Electric
Railroad — Staten Island Electric Railroad — Achter Kill Bridge, etc.

CHAPTER XL

Staten Island Industries. . 468



Old-fashioned Farmers — Old Stittm Islninl Hyciiii; :iih1 Printing Establishment
— Silk Factory — Wall Paper Factoiy Slii|i r.iiililliii;- Cciast Wrecking Company
— Kreischerville Brick Factory — Jiw.tt W liitc-liail Faitoiy — Linseed Oil Factory
— Linoleum Factory — Windsor Plaster Mill — Dental \\'i)rks — Breweries — Water
Supply — Telephone — Oyster Industry — Brick Making.



CHAPTER



The Fire Departments. \ . 476

Factoryville Firemen in 1828 — Richmond Bucket Company — Tompkinsville Fire
Department — Edgewater Fire Department — Nortli Shore Fire Department — Tot-
tenville Fire Department — New Dorp Fire Department.



CHAPTER XLII
The Police Department 479

The First Staten Island Police Department, 17G0 — Tompkinsville Police Force,
1815 — The Metropolitan Police System — Richmond County Police Force — Tlie
Greater City Force.

CHAPTER XLIII

Social and Beneficial Organizations. 482

The First Club— Tlie Neptune Club — Staten Island Athletic Club — Kill van
Kull Rowing Association— Clifton Boat Club— Cricket Club— German Association
Kilic'itcrmi^ Oiaiicl .\niiv Pii>ts Aiiu-rican Legion of Honor — Foresters — United
WuikuMii CatlH.Hr r.rnrvolrnt Lruh.ii-lled Men— Odd Fellows— Knights and
Ladirs 1)1' n<iii..i l\lli^lll,^ I.I r\tliia> -American Firemen — American Mechanics
— Uo\al Aruamim — Soils ul Wtmuns — Templars of Liberty — Building and Loan
Associations^Silver Lake Commission — Chamber of Connnerce — Natural Science
Association — Staten Island Historical Society.



CONTENTS.
CHAPTER XLIV page

The Borough of Richmond. 488

Restlessness of the People — Separate City — Greater New York Scheme — Tidal
Wave — Filling Offices — The First Stej) — The Commission — Its Work — Territory
— Legislative Authority — Provisions of the Charter — The Borough Officials —
Various Departments— The Future.

CHAPTER XLV

Local Biography. 495

Christopher Archer — Owen Howard Barnard — Major Clarence T. Barrett — Hon.
(iiistav Barth — George Bechtel — Read Benedict — Benjamin J. Bodine — William
Bowen — Guy Stejihens Brautinghara — Benjamin Brown — Ahram Cole — John Lin-
dermau Dailey— Hon. Edward P. Doyle— George T. Egbert— John H. Elsworth—
Frank Foggiu — Tliiuuas H. Harper — Cornelius A. Hart — Thomas Humphrey —
James Kerr— William H. McCabe.



CHAPTER XLVI
Local Biography (^C'oncJuded') 51t

David Neilson Melvin— Hun. IIoiuv Prentice ^Morrison— James E. Mulligan-
John B. Newhall— Tli,M„ln, S. ( )xlinlui— C.uiudins F. Tiuipson— Captain G. D. S.



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