Isaac Disraeli.

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tisements of, 227; titles of, 879; va-
rious opinions as to the size of, ii. 9 ;
difficulties encountered in publishing
manv books of merit, 41 ; works of
another description better remuner-
ated, 43; leaves of, origin of their
name, 180, note; table-books, 183;
derivation of the name " book," 185;
description of the fonn and condition
ofancient, ib.; censors and licensers
of, 399 ; catalogue of, condemned at
the Council of Trent, 400 ; inquisi-
tors of, ib. see Index; burning of,
anecdote of its good effect in promot-
ing their sale, 403; mutilations
caused by the censors in Camden's
works, Lord Herbert's History of
Henry VII I., and the Poems of "Lord
Brooke, 405; anecdotes of purloiners
of, iv. 219; predilection or celebrat-
ed men to particular, 244-247 ; cal-
culations as to their present number,
248; different terms for amateurs
of, 249 ; which have been designed
but not completed, 425, 426.

Booksellers, two ruined by one au-
thor, iii. 304.

Borrowers, destructive to collections
of books, i. 60.

Bridgewater, late Duke of, destroy-
ed many family MSS.. iii. 209.

Buckingham, Duke of, nis conduct in
Spain, ii. 155-157; equally a favour -



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452



INDEX.



ite with James I. and Charles T., 157;
Huine^s character of, ib. ; anecdote
of him and the Queen of France, 158 ;
his audacity and '* English familiar-
ity," ib. ; anecdote of him and Prince
Charles, 159; his rise, 164; his mag-
nificent entertainment of Charles I.
and the French ambassador, iii. 65;
his character, 97-100, and notes;
contrast between him and Richelieu,
100; history of his expedition to
Spain with Prince Charles, 101-104;
prognostics of his death, 105-108;
portrait ofl 109, note ; determined to
succour Rochelle, 111; his death,
112; satires on, 113; possessed the
esteem of Charles I., 114; intrigued
■with the Puritans, iv. 867 ; his inter-
course with Dr. Preston, a Puritan,
868; discovers Preston's insincerity,
and abandons the Puritans, 871 ; his
impeachment, 378; his failure at
the Isle of Rh^, 885; offers to resign
his offices, 397 ; hatred of, by the Par-
liament, 398.

BuFFON, Vicq. d'Azyr'8 description of
his study, iv. 312.

Buildings in the metropolis, opposi-
tion to, from the days of Elizabeth
to those of Charles II., iv. 275 ; stat-
ute against, 276; proclamations
against, ib.

Burying grounds, iv. 97.

C.

Cadiz, expedition to, in the time of
Charles 1., iii. 109 ; satirical lines on,
110.

Calamy, his History of the Ejected
Ministers, iv. 138.

Calumny, political advantages of,
iii. 409.

Calvin, less tolerable than Luther in
controversy, i. 403.

Camus, his M^decine de P Esprit, iii.
231.

Cakacci; the family of the, iii. 149;
Lodovico. character of, 150-152 ; the
school ot the, 151, note; Agostino
and Annibale, 152; their opposite
characters, ib. ; the three opened a
school in their own house, 154;
Agostino's eminence there, ib.; his
sonnet comprising the laws of paint-
ing, ib.; Domenichino, Albano,
Guido, Guercino, their pupils, 155,
156 ; disputes between Annibale ana
Agostino, 156 ; their separation, 157.

Cakuinal Richelieu, anecdotes of,
and considerations on his character,
i. 205-209.



Caeleton, Sir Dudley, vice-chamber-
lain of Charles I., his speech to the
Commons on the imprisonment of
two of their members for their im-
peachment of Buckingham, iv. 381.

Catherine dk* Medici, her belief in
astrology, iv. 256 ; employs Montluc
to intrigue to secure the election of
the Duke of Anjou to the crown of
Poland, 258.

Catharinot, a voluminous writer, iii.
818; his singular mode of publishing
his unsalable works, 319.

Cause and Pretext, distinction be-
tween, to be observed by historians,
iv. 19; anecdotical illustrations, 20-
22.

Cayet, Dr., his " Chronologic Nove-
naire," ii. 160.

Censors of books, designed to counter-
act the press, ii. 899 ; originated with
the Inquisition, ib. ; appointed with
the title of Inquisitors ot Books, 400;
disagreement among these inquisi-
tors, 401 ; in Spain, 402 ; their treat-
ment of commentators on the Lusiad,
ib. ; instances of the injury done to
English literature by the appoint-
ment of, 404; never recognized by
English law, 405; regularly estab-
lished under Charles 1., 407 ; office of,
maintained by the Puritans, 408;
treatment of Milton by, ib. ; the office
lay dormant under Cromwell, 409;
revived and continued under Charles
II. and James II., ib. ; anecdotes rel-
ative to, 411-414.

Centos, i. 392.

Ceremonies, different, among various
nations, ii. 165-169.

Cervantes, remark of, ii. 63 ; taken
prisoner at the battle of Lepanto, ib.

Chamillart, minister of France, his
rise, ii. 164.

Charades, i. 389.

Charles Martel, his combat with,
and defeat of, the Mahometans, iii.
185.

Charles the First, account of his ex-
pedition into Spain, ii. 153-157; an-
ecdote of him and Buckingham, 156 ;
history of his diamond seal, iii. 63;
his love of the fine arts, 64; the mag-
nificence and taste of his court enter-
tainments, 65 ; anecdote of, 67 ; cata-
logue of his effects, 69; an artist and
a poet, 72, 73, and note; influence of
his wife on, doubted, 74 ; his dismissal
of his wife's French establishment,
85; reply to the French ambassa-
dor's remonstrances, 86; his conduct



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453



on the death of Buckingham, 114;
secret history of him and his first
Parliaments, iv. 872; the latter a sul-
len bride, 373 ; his address to his first
Parliament, and their ungracious
conduct, 374, 876; they abandoned
the king, 376 ; raises money on Privy
Seals, ib. ; on the failure oi the expe-
dition to Cadiz he called his second
Parliament, 376; communications
between him and his Parliament, 377,
878; his address to them, noticing
the impeachment of Buckingham,
ib. ; his conduct on that occasion the
beginning of his troubles, 379 ; on the
Commons' further remonstrance
against Buckingham, he dissolves his
second Parliament, 383 ; his distress
for money, 384 ; his fresh distresses
on the failure of the expedition to the
Isle of Rh^, and his expedients to
raise money, 886, 386 ; their ill suc-
cess, 387, 889 ; reflections on his
situation. 890; rejects the profiered
advice of the President of tne Rosy-
Cross, 892 ; anonymous letter sent to
the Commons, and by them forward-
ed to the king without perusing, 393 ;
secret measures used by the opposi-
tion, 894; speech of the king to Par-
liament, 396; his emotion on being
informed that the Parliament had
granted subsidies, 896; debates on
the king's message, 401; Coke's
speech thereon, 402 ; the kin^ grants
his assent to the Petition ot Right,
404, 405; popular rejoicings, 405;
presentation of the Remonstrance,
ib. ; the king's conduct after the as-
sassination of Buckingham, 406;
vow of the Parliament to maintain
the Articles of Religion of the 13th
• Eliz., 408 ; tumult in the House, and
dissolution of the Parliament, 410.

CifARLEs the Fifth, his edicts against
the Reformed, iv. 136; his conduct
influenced by political, not religious
motives, 137.

Charles the Ninth, account of the
death of, ii. 160, 161; his apology for
the massacre of St. Bartholomew,
iv. 151, 156; his character, 157.

Cherries, into Great Britain, intro-
duction of, ii. 330 ; loss and reintro-
duction of, in the reign of Henry
vm. ib.

Chess, clergymen prohibited from
playing, ii. 190.

Chinese language, i. 366; difiiculties
of, experienced by P. Bourgeois, ib.

Chocolate, brought from Mexico by



the Spaniards, iii. 62 ; treatise against
the use of, ib.

Chocolate-houses, iii. 62.

Christodins, iii. 411.

Chronograms, i. 388.

Churchill abhorred the correction
of his MSS. ii. 252.

Cicero a punster, i. 126 ; a manufac-
turer of prefaces, 128; a collector,
iii. 146; his projected library, ib.;
employs Atticus to procure books
and statues. 146; discovered the
tomb of Archimedes, iv. 827.

Cities, Free, shook off" the yoke of
feudal tyranny, i. 258.

Clairon, Mademoiselle, anecdote of,
i. 837.

Clarendon House, history of its erec-
tion, iv. 74, 76 ; popularly called Dun-
kirk House, or Tangier Hall, 75;
satire on the building of, 76 ; existing
remains of, ib. note.

Classical learning, iii. 129.

Cloy IS, his reasons for adopting Chris-
tianity, iii. 188. 189, and note.

Coaches, introduction of, into Eng-
land, ii. 196 ; use of, in France, ib.

Cock-fighting in Ceylon, i. 264.

Coffee, introduction of, into Europe,
iii. 67 ; made fashionable at Paris by
the Turkish ambassador, ib. ; invec-
tives and poetical satires against, 58,
59: advantages of its use, 61.

Coffee-houses, the first opened at
Paris, iii. 67, 68; improvements in,
68; the first in England, ib.; shut
up by proclamation, 61.

Coke, or Cook, Sir Edward, his most
pleasing book, his Manual, or Vade
Mecum^ iii. 287; his MSS. seized on
his death, ib.; yet to be recovered,
ib. note ; his character, 288 ; his mat-
rimonial alliances, 288 ; his disgrace,
289; disputes between him and his
wife. Lady Hatton, concerning the
marriage of his daughter, 292 ; curi-
ous letter of advice to Lady Hatton,
for her defence before the Council,
293-298; his daughter married to
Lord Villiers, and Coke reinstated,
299 ; his daughter's bad conduct, ib. ;
his death, 300 ; his vituperative style,
ib.; his conduct to Rawleigh, 300,
801; his abjectness in disgrace, 302;
pricked as sheriflf, to exclude him
from Parliament, iv. 371 ; eludes the
appointment by excepting to the
oath, 372.

Coke, Mr. Clement, a violent opposi-
tion leader in the second Parliament
of Charles L iv. 377.



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454



INDEX.



Coleridge, method pursued by him
iu his remarkable political predic>
tions, iv. 166.

Collections of books, see Libra-
ries; of engravings, see Engrav-
ings.

Collector of books, i. 57; defence
of himself, as one of the body, bv
Ancillon, 58; Aristotle first saluted
as a, 107, 108.

Collectors, their propensity to plun-
der, iv. 219-223.

Collins, Anthony, a great lover of
books, iii. 337. 838; a free-thinker,
lb ; the friend of Locke, 839; fate
of his MSS. 839-343.

Comedies, extemporal, ii. 802 ; opinion
of northern critics on, 803; the
amusement of Italy, ib.; practised by
the Romans, 804*; Salvator Rosa's
prolo^e to one, 805; opinions and
descriptions of, by Riccoboni and
Gherardi, 307 ; anecdote of the ex-
cellence of, 310; when first intro-
duced in England, 311.

Comfits universally used under Henry
IIL of France, i. 302.

CoMiNES, notice of, i. 349.

Composition, various modes of liter-
ary, ii. 251 ; correction in, necessary,
252 ; but by some authors impossi-
ble, ib. ; illustrative anecdotes, 253 ;
use of models in, 255 ; various modes
of, used by celebrated authors, 255-
260 ; passion for, exhibited by some
authors, iii. 304, 305.

CoNDE, great Prince of, expert in
physiognomy, i. 219.

Confreres de la Passion, ii. 15.

Confusion of words by writers, iii.
391; by the Nominalists and Real-
ists, 392 ; in modern philosophy, 393 ;
between the Antinomians and their
opposers, and the Jansenists and
Jesuits, 394, 395; between Abelard
and St. Bernard, 396 ; other instances,
397-399; in jurisprudence and poli-
tics, 399; historical instances, 399,
400 ; arising from a change of mean-
ing in the course of time, 402 ; serious
consequences of, 402-404; among
political economists, 407; illustra-
tive anecdote of Caramuel, a Span-
ish bishop, 408.

Constantink, motives of his acknow-
ledgment of Christianity, iii. 189.

Contuoversial writings, acrimony
infused into by scholars, i. 220.

Controversy,* literary, that of the
Nominalists and Realists, i. 406; be-
tween Benedetto Aletino and Con-



stantino Grimaldl, 408, 409; abuse
lavished on each other by learned
men in, 407-415; challenges sent on
occasion of, 413.

Cookery and cooks of the ancients,
ii. 433 ; Epic composed in praise of,
484; illustrative translations from
Athenaeus, 435, 486; the dexterity
of the cooks, 441 ; writers on, 448 ;
anecdotes, 443, 444.

Corneille, Peter, died in poverty, i.
84; deficient in conversation, 165;
sketch of his life, ii. 102-107.

Corneille, Thomas, impromptu writ-
ten under his portrait, ii. 107.

Cornelius Agrippa, accused of
magic, i. 79 ; his dog supposed to be
a demon, ib. ; his belief m demons,
iv. 181.

Cornhert, Theodore, a great advo-
cate for toleration, iv. 149, and note.

CORSNED, i. 234.

Cosmetics, use of, by the ladies of
the Elizabethan age, i. 810.

Cotton, Sir Robert, his character of
Charies I., iv. 882, 383.

Country gentlemen, their former hab-
its commended, ii. 391; Lord Clar-
endon's mention of his grandfather's
conduct as one of the body, ib.;
their conduct created a national
character, ib.

Country residence, opinion of Justice
Best upon, iv. 276 ; James I. recom-
mendation of, ib. ; proclamations to
compel a, 277; and proceedings in
the Star Chamber against the dis-
obedient, 278, 279; Ode upon, by Sir
Richard Fanshaw, 282-284.

CRANMER,Jansenist character of, ii. 39.

Creation of the World, precise date
of, i. 895.

Crebillon, his creditors attached the
proceeds of his tragedy of Catiline,
li. 77; decree of Louis XV. there-
upon, ib.

Critics may possess the art of judging
without the power of execution, ii.
77; Abbe d'Aubignac and Chape-
lain quoted as instances, ib.

Criticism, Periodical, see Literary
Journals, i. 60-66; sketches of
amongst the ancients, 74-77 ; effect
of, upon authors, ii. 80.

Cromwell, his ^eat political error,
iii. 191 ; prediction of his future em-
inence, iv. 167, 168; reasons for his
delay in naming a successor, 233, 234.

Cyre, the Abb^, an envoy of the Em-
peror's in Poland, iv. 260 ; seized and
imprisoned, 271.



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INDEX.



455



D.



D'Aguesseau, the Chancellor, his ad-
vice to his son on the study of his-
toiy, iv. 63.

Dance of Death, iv. 100-104.

Dante, origin of his Inferao disputes
on, iii. 173; the entire work Gothic,
174 ; Vision of Alberico supposed to
be borrowed, 175 ; and probably read
by Dante, ib. ; his originality vindi-
cated, 180, 181 ; the true origin of the
Inferno, 181, and note.

Death, anecdotes relating to the death
of many distinguishea persons, ii.
89-94 ; book containing the accounts
of the deaths of remarkable persons,
compiled by Montaigne, iv. 87; re-
flections on death, 88 ; anecdotes of
the death of some celebrated persons,
88, 89; eflfect of the continual con-
sideration of, 91; Lady Gethin's ideas
on, ib. ; conversations* of Johnson and
Boswell on, 92 ; singular preparations
for, by MoncriflT, 93, 94; opinions of
the ancients on, 95, 96; personifica-
tions of, among the ancients, 96, and
note ; Gothic representations of, 97.

Dedications, curious anecdotes con-
cerning, i. 434-439 ; price for the ded-
ication of a play, 436 ; one to himself
composed by a patron, 436 ; practice
of Elkanah' Settle with regard to,
437 ; of the Polyglot Bible to Crom-
well, ib. ; altered at the Restoration,
ib. ; to Cardinal Richelieu, 438 ; Dry-
den's, ib. ; ingenious one by S'a Si-
mon Degge, 439.

De Foe, his honour questioned as to
the publication of Robinson Crusoe,
ii. 465 ; probably struck by Steele's
observations on Selkirk's narration,
467 ; wrote Robinson Crusoe in com-
parative solitude, ib. ; vindication of
nis character, 467, 468.

De la Chambre, secret correspond-
ence of, with Louis XIV. on physiog-
nomy, i. 216.

Delinquents, a convenient revolu-
tionary phrase, iii. 416.

Descartes, persecuted for his opin-
ions, i. 80 ; silent in mixed company,
166; his description of his life in
Amsterdam, 175, 176.

Descriptions, local, when prolonged,
tedious, iii. 319; Boileau's criticisms
on, 320 ; inefficiency of, instanced by
a passage from Pliny, ib. ; example
of elegant, in a sonnet by Francesca
de Castello, 322.

Descriptive Poems, general remarks
on, i. 440; race of, confined to one



object, ib. ; titles of, and notices on
several of these, 440-442.

Des Maizeaux, a French refugee, iii.
333; his Life of Bayle, 834; notices
of his literary life, 334, 337 ; Anthony
Collins bequeathes his MSS. to, 339;
relinquishes them to Collins's widow,
ib; correspondence concerning, 340
-343.

Desmarets, his comedy of the "Vi-
sionnaires," ii. 208.

De Serres, introduced the cultivation
of the mulberry tree and silkworm
into France, ii. 326 ; opposition to
his schemes, ib. ; supported bv Hen-
ry IV. 327; medal struck in honour
of his memory, 327.

Destruction of books and MSS. by
the monks, i. 70, 104; account of, at
Constantinople by the Cliristians,
suppressed, 101 ; burning of Talmuds,
ib. ; of Irish and Mexican, 102 ; anec-
dotes regarding, 102-104 ; of Korans,
103; of the classics, 104; of Bohe-
mian, 105; in England under Henry
Vm. ib. ; at Stationers' Hall in 1599,
107 ; of many of Lady Mary Wortley
Montagu's letters, 108; of Anglo-
Saxon MSS. 109; anecdotes con-
cerning the, ib.; by fire and ship-
wreck, 110-112.

D'EvvES, Sir Simon, a sober anti
quary, but a visionary, iv. 356 ; ex
tracts from his Diary, 857, 358.

Diary, of a master of the ceremonies,
ii. 374; Shaftesbury's definition of
a, 388 ; Colonel Harwood's, ib. ; kept
bv Titus, ib.; Alfred's, 389; Prince
Henry's, ib. ; Edward VL's, ib. ; kept
by James IL 390; usually kept
by heads of families, 391 ; kept by
Swift and Horace Walpole, ib.;
recommended by Sir Thomas Bod-
ley to Sir Francis Bacon, ib.;
Coke's, 392; Camden's, ib.; of Sir
Simon d'Ewes, 393; Baxter's, ib.;
the thoughtful disposition giving rise
to the keeping of a diary, partaken
even by women, 394; Whitelocke's,
895 ; Henry Earl of Clarendon's, 397 ;
Lord Clarendon's, ib.; practice of
keeping one recommended, 398.

Diaries, Religious, iv. 358.

Dictionary of TreVoux, account of
its origin and progress, iv. 121 ; of
Basnage, 122 ; of Dr. Johnson, 125.

DiooES, Sir Dudlev, a violent oppo-
sition leader in Charles I.'s second
Parliament, iv. 877 ; opened the im-
peachment of Buckingham, 378;
committed to the Tower, 880.



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456



INDEX.



Dilapidation of MSS.— See Mahu-

8CKIPT8.

Dinner hour, variations of, in differ-
ent time8, ii. 193.

Dinner parties. Roman limitation of
the number of gue^tts at, ii. 434.

Discoveries in literature and science,
aptitude in, obtained by studious
men, iv. 827; illustrative anecdotes,
827-332.

Divinity, scholastic, i. 118, 119; curi-^
ous accounts and specimens of,
120, 121.

DoDD*s Church History of England,
iv. 132.

Dragons, origin of the old stories of,
ii. 188.

Drama, anecdotes of the early, ii. 198-
201; Mexican, 202; account of a
curious drama, entitled Technota-
mia, or the Marriaee of the Arts,
203-206 ; account of one written by
a madman, 208.

Dramatic works made the vehicle of
political feelinj;;, iii. 7; by the Cath-
olics at the Reformation, lb.; such
conduct caused a proclamation by
Edward VI. against English inter-
ludes, &c. 8; those on the side of
the Reformation allowed, and spec-
imens of one, 9-11; proceedings
against in the Star Chamber, 11.

Dramatic Annals. — See Dramatic
Works. Suppression of the drama
during the civil wars of Charles 1.
iii. 12; opposite conduct of actors
at that time, and at the period of
the French revolution, ib.; writers
against the stage, 13, 14 ; custom of
boys personating females, 14 ; intro-
duction of actresses, 15 ; Histriomas-
tix, 16; all theatres suppressed in
1642, ib. ; ordinance against theatres,
17; plays enacted secretly during
their suppression, 18; Cox's "drol-
leries," IS, 19; petitions against the
drama, 20; the player's petition in
favour of, 21, 22; ' secretly acted
at Holland House, 23; the suppres-
sion of tlio drama caused the publi-
cation of manv MS. plays, ib.

Drinking, hard., a borrowed custom
among the English, iii. 25; loamt by
them in the Netherlands, ib.; stat-
utes against, ib. note; terms of, 26,
note, 27-30 ; anecdotes of, 31-33.

Drunkards, their different character-
istics, iii. 32; "A Delicate Diet for,"
ib. note ; toasts of, 33, and note.

Dv Cix)8, origin of his fairy tale of
Acajou and ZuT)hile, and account



of his satirical preface to it, iiL
43-46.
Dutch literature, remarks and stric-
tures on, ii. 78-76.

E.

Echo verses, specimen of, ii. 422.

Edward the Fourth, to what he owed
his crown, i. 849.

Elizabeth, <|ueen, i. 852 ; her amours,
852, 353 ; wished to be thought beau-
tiful by all the world, 854 ; lier habits
studious but not of the gentlest kind,
855 ; her writing, ib. ; her education
severely classical, 856 ; various anec-
dotes concerning, 852-i356 ; her con-
duct regarding the succession, ii.
857 ; her treatment of James I. ib.

Eliot, Sir John, a violent opposition
leader in Charles I.'s ^second Parlia-
ment, iv. 877 ; his speech on the im-
peachment of Buckingham, 378, 379 ;
committed to the Tower, 380 ; violent
against Buckingham in Parliament,
898 ; his collection of satires against
him, ib. ; a leader in the last Parlia-
ment of Charles I. 898-411.

Eloisa, solicited and obtained Abe-
lard's absolution,!. 213; buried with
Abelard, 214; a fine ladv, 215;
Pope's reprehensible lines ^ound in
original letters of, ib.

Enchanters, origin of the old stories
of, ii. 188.

English Poetry, scarcely known in
France in 1610, iv. 125; ignorance

. of, displayed by Quadrio in his His-
tory or Poetrv published in 1750, 127.

Engravings, first collection of, under
Louis XIV., by Colbert, i. 55; collec-
tion of engraved portraits originated
the work of Granger, 98.

Epitaph on Cardinal Richelieu, by his

Erot^^g^, Benserade, i. 142; by cele-
rated persons on themselves, ii. 90 ;
on Philip I. 153 ; on Butler, the au-
thor of Hudibras. iii. 269.

Errata, remarkable anecdotes con-
cerning, i. 135-139.

Etiquette, Court, reflections on it«
rise and progress, ii. 374; forms of,
observed between the English am-
bassadors and Cardinal Richelieu,
875 ; creation of a master of the cer-
emonies, 376; absurd punctilios of,
illustrated from the Diary cf Sir John
Finett, 876-387.

Evelyn, his mode of composition, ii.
256; praise due to him for his Sylva,
826.



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INDEX.



457



ExooMMUNiCATioir, by the Popes,
dreadful consequences of, ii.249-261.



Fairfax, Sir Thomas, anecdotes of
him and his family, iii. 221.

Fame, contemned, 1. 122.

Familiar spirits, intercourse with,
believed, i. 78-80.

Fansha w. Sir Richard, his Ode on the
king's commanding the gentry to re-
side on their estates, iv. 282-284.

Farces, ancient, reprehensible, ii. 21;
their pleasantry and humour not con-
temptible, 22 ; customary among the
Romans after a serious piece, ii. 304.

Fashions.— See Literary Fashions.
Anecdotes of their origin, chftnges,
and extravagances, i. 297-814; in-
troduction of French, 305 ; chronicled
by Stowe, 307; French, prevailed in
the reign of Charles II., 810; notice
of modern, 312 ; lines condemning the
acts of, 313: expensive in the reigns
of Henry VII. and VIII. ii. 194.

Feast of Fools, ii. 189.

Feast of Asses, ii. 189.

Felton, John, the assassin of the Duke
of Buckingham, his motives for the
act, iii. 115; his passage to London
in triumph, 116; ana^m on his
name, 117 ; his remorse, ib. ; his char-
acter, 118; his family, ib. and note;
propositions found in his trunk, 119;
answer to a threat of torture, 120;
poem addressed to, 122.

Female beauty and ornaments, opin-
ions and practices of various nations
concerning, i. 290-292.

Fi^N^LON, Jansenist character of, ii. 89.

Feudal customs and rights, the bar-
barous, the first attempts at organiz-
ing society, i. 258 ; servitude of the
land, 259 ; maiden rights, ib. ; ward-
ship, 260 ; German lords privileged
to rob on the highway, ib. ; anecdote
of Geoffrey, lora of Coventry, 261:
anecdotes of the abuse of feudal
rights and power, 261, 262.

Filbert, origin of the name, ii. 382,
and note.

Filicaja, a sonnet of, 17.62; trans-
lated, ib.

FiNETT, Sir John, master of the cere-
monies to Charles I. See Etiquette.

Fire, in primaeval ages, a signal of re-
spect, ii. 171 ; worshipped as a di-
vinity,172 ; a symbol or maiesty,ib. ;
ancient observances regarding, ib.

Fire-works, not known to antiquity,



ii. 178 ; their epoch, ib. ; originated
with the Florentines and Siennese,
ib.; their use passes to Rome, 174;
exhibition of at Paris, ib.

Flap-dragons, iii. 81.

Flea, collection of poems on.i. 897.

Floral gifts, withheld by the Capi-
touls of Toulouse from Maynard a
French poet, ii. 114.

Flogging, a discussion on, occasioned



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