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"Birkat ha-Zebah"). He wrote: "Zinzenet Mena-
hem " (Berlin, 1719), an elucidation of difficult pas-
sages in the Haggadah; "Lehem Menahem," re
sponsa, and explanations of various Talmudic
passages; and "Ta'ame Menahem," on Rashi's com-
mentary on the Pentateuch.

Bibliography: Stelnschneider, Cat. Bodl. No. 6372; Azulai,
Shctn ha-GedoHm, li. 125.
E. c. A. S. W.

MENAHEM ZIONI (ZIYYUNI) B. MEIR
OF SPEYER : Cabalist of the middle of the fif-
teenth centuiy ; author of the cabalistic commen-
tary "'Ziyyuni," from which he derives his name.
He based his work upon Rashi and Nahmanides,
and especially upon the old cabalistic literature of
tiie geonic period. The "Ziyyvmi" is introduced
by poems in alphabetic and acrostic order. The di-
vision Bereshit begins with a preface on the impor-
tance of the assumption of the creation of the world,
and in support of this view the arguments of Mai-
monides are quoted at length. Short poems serve
as transitions to the several parashiyyot, and in con-
cliLsion there is an acrostic poem, to which, in the
second edition, another poem is added. The verse
of Zioni quoted by Dukes (" Orient, Lit." iv. 798) from
a manuscript chrestoniathy constitutes the last stanza
of this final poem. The book is frequently quoted
in the Yalkut Re'ubeni. Ic was printed by Vincen-
tio Conti at Cremona in 1559, in rabbinic script, and
after this edition was burned (in the same year) by
marauding Spanish soldiers, it was reprinted there
in the following year. Menahem is not to be iden-
tified with Menahem Zion b. Meir im Kpo (as docs
Heidenheim, "Pijjutiin und Pajtanim," p. y),apay-
yetan of the twelfth century well known under the
name of "Menahem b. Machir" (Zunz, "G. V." 2d
ed., p. 405).

Bibliography: Ph. Blo('li, Die J'ddische Mustik imd Kah-
hala, in Winter and Wiinsclie, Die Jlldische Litteratur, iii.
282 ; Zunz. Z. G. p. 105 ; Wolf, Bihl. Hehr. i. 774 ; Steln-
schneider, Cat. Bodl. col. 1742.
.T. A. B.

MENAHEM-ZION BEN SOLOMON (gen

eraUy called Menahem-Ziyyon R. Zalman
Gabbai's) : Polisii rabbi and preacher; died at
Altona in 1681. He was at first rabbi of Vladislav,
government of Suwalki, Russian Poland, and then
dayyan at Cracow. He wrote a work entitled " Ne-
hamot Ziyyon " (Frankfort-on-theMain, 1677), a col-
lection of twenty-two sermons.

Bibliography : Wolf, Bitil. Hebr. 1., No. 1451 ; Stelnschneider,
Cat. Iii>dl.CA,\. 17X1

If. H. M. Sel.

MENAHOT (" Meat-Offerings ") : Treatise in the
Mishnah, in tlie Tosefta, and in the Babylonian Tal-
mud. It di.scusses chiefiy the more jjrecise details
of the regulations governing the dilTcieiit kinds
of meat-olfering mentioned in Lev. ii. 5, 11-13; vi.
7-11; vii. 9, 10; .\xiii. 13, 16; Num. v. 11 et m/..
vi. 13-20, xxviii., and xxix. In the Misimaic order
Kodashim this treatise is second. It is divided into
thirteen chapters, containing ninety-three para-
graphs in all.

Ch. i. : The intention re(|ui.site to niake an offering



valid ; the omissions tinough which a meat-offering
becomes " pasul " (unfit) or "piggur'(an abomina-
tion: if the person sacrificing intends

"Pasul" to eat it after the allotted time, it

and becomes piggul ; if he intends to eat

"Piggul." it outside the place appointed for it,

it becomes pasul); how the handful

("komez") is to be taken; the oil necessary for the

komez, and the incense.

Ch. ii. : Further details concerning pasul and pig-
gul, according to the different kinds of offerings;
how the various parts of an offering affect one an-
other in regard to piggul.

Ch. iii. : The circumstances imder which a meat-
offering remains kasher; how the parts of an
ottering, or how different offerings presented to-
gether, affect one another in regard to pasul. In
this connection many other things are enumerated
which render one another invalid, e.g., the two sec-
tions of the law (" parashi^'yot ") in the mezuzah, or
the four in the tefillin.

Ch. iv. : Continued enumeration of those things

which do or do not render one another pasul (this

affords an occasion to explain how the

Mode of Israelites in the wilderness sacrificed

Sacrifice, and how the altar, the table, and the
candlesticks were consecrated); the
meat-offering of the high priest.

Ch. v.: Preparation of the meat-offerings; the
offerings which need additional ingredients, and
what these must be; what offerings must be brought
near the altar ("haggashali ") and what offerings
must be waved (" tenufah ") ; what offerings must be
both brought near the altar and waved; what offer-
ings may be neither waved nor brought near.

Ch. vi. : Offerings from which only a handful is
taken and offerings which are placed entire upon the
altar; further details concerning the preparation of
the meat-offering.

Ch. vii. : Regulations concerning the sacrifice of
thanksgiving (" todah ") and concerning the offering
of the Nazarites. Here it is stated that the measures
were changed, and that the new so-called "Jerusa-
lem " measure was one-sixth larger than the old one,
termed "midbari" (from the desert).

Ch. viii. : Whence the materials were taken for
the different meat-offerings (here are mentioned the
l)laces which produced the best flour and the best oil) ;
how the best oil and flour was obtained; where the
best wine was found and how it was tested.

Ch. ix. : The different measures used in the Tem-
ple to measure the flour, the oil, and the wine for
the various offerings; drink-offerings; the sacrifices
for which drink-offerings were requisite ; the laying
of hands upon the sacrificial animal (" semikah ") ; the
sacrifices in which this takes place, and who may
perform the semikah.

Ch. X.: The wave-offering ("omer"); when and

whence it was brought; the ceremonial

"Wave- observed in tlie cutting of it and how

Offering', it was offered ; the regulation intro-
duced by K. Johanan b. Zakkai after
the destruction of the Temple.

Ch. xi. : The preparation of the pentecostal bread
and of the showbread ; the size of the loaves and
wlicii 1 hey may be eaten; the jilacing of the show-



473



THE JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA



Menahem ben Zebl
Meuander



bread on the table and the distribution of it among
the priests.

Ch. xii. : Exemption from meat- and drink-ofifer-
ings; the time after which exemption is no longer
possible; offerings from which no one may be ex-
empted; vows of meat- and drink-offerings; how the
vow may be fulfilled.

Ch. xiii. : Regulations concerning vows of offer-
ings which are not strictly defined ; sacrifices vowed
for the temple at Jerusalem may not be
Intention ottered in the temple of Onias, or vice
of versa; the priests of the temple of

Sacrifice. Onias are not permitted to serve in the
temple at Jerusalem. The conclusion
of the chapter and of the treatise runs : " It is imma-
terial whether one sacrifices much or little so long as
liis mind is intent on God."

The order given above is that of the editions of
the Mishnah and of many manuscripts of the Tal-
mud (comp. the observation of R. Bezaleel Ashke-
nazi at the end of the " Shittah Mekubbezet " on Me-
nahot, in the Wilna edition of the Talmud, p. 109b).
On the other hand, all the printed editions of the Tal-
mud have the chapter beginning " R. Ishmael,"
given above as the tenth, in the sixth place, the
remaining chapters occurring in the order given
above. Special attention should be given to the
account in the Tosefta to this treatise of the acts of
greed and violence committed by the priests during
the time of the Second Temple, which was destroyed
because of their rapacity and mutual hatred (xiii. 18-
22). The Gemara contains, in the third chapter, inter-
esting observations on the forms of Hebrew letters
and on the regulations for the writing of the Torah,
of tetillin, and of the mezuzah, while in the fourth
chapter are regulations concerning the zizit.

The following passages also are specially note-
worthy : p. 53a, b — an instance of the peculiar style
of R. Ezra's haggadic exegesis ; the

Special tradition as to how God justified Him-
Passages. self to Abraham for the destruction of
the Temple and the exile of the peo-
ple; the comparing of Israel to an olive-tree; p. 99b
— the attitude of R. Ishmael toward Greek culture;
p. 109b — the account of the origin of the temple of
Onias. The last passage is important enough to
be repeated here: "At the hour of his death the
high priest Simon the Just appointed his younger
but learned sou Onias to be his successor. Onias
renounced his claim in favor of his elder brother
Shimei. Onias, however, secretly grudged him his
position and endeavored to supplant him. Conse-
quently when Shimei, who was inexperienced in the
priestly service, asked Onias to instruct him in its
duties, the latter misled him into putting on a wom-
an's cap and girdle to officiate in, and then told the
priests that Shimei had promised his beloved to offi-
ciate in her cap and girdle on the day of his instal-
lation in office. When the priests threatened to kill
Shimei for thus trifling with the service, he told
them how the matter really stood. Thereupon the
priests sought the death of Onias, but he fled to
Egypt and there built his temple. " There is no Jeru-
salem Gemara to Menahot. The Tosafot to Menahot
(109b, reference word, "nizdamen") refers to Yeru-
shalmi Yoma (v. 2), where the passage cited is found.



Bibliography: Isaiah di Trani, To»aff)l (in the Warsaw edi-
tion of the Talmud, 1861, wrongly designated as "'Hiddushim"

of Solomon ben Adret) .

s. J. Z. L.

MENAKKER. See Porging.

MENANDER: 1. Putative author of a collec-
tion of proverbs, in a Syriac manuscript in the Brit-
ish Museum, edited in 1862 by Land, and bearing the
superscription, "The sage Menander said." Either
this Menander was a real person, a Hellenistic
Jew whose proverbs, probably written oiiginally in
Greek, are now extant only in this Syriac transla-
tion, or the name is a pseudonym, as Schlirer as-
sumes; similar collections of proverbs were fre-
quently ascribed to the famous Attic comedian.

Frankenberg has recently proved that these Syriac
sentences are of Jewish origin, and has pointed out
numerous instances of relationship between them
and sentences in the canonical Book of Proverbs and
in Ecclesiasticus. A few sentences quoted from
Land's edition may serve to make this kinship
clear.

" Rejoice with thy children, O father, for these are the [true]
joys" (p. 68, line 13; comp. Prov. x. 1 : Kcclus. LSirach] xxv. 7,
XXX. 4). " Whosoever wrongeth his maid servant doth notes-
cape the vengeance of God" (p. 71, line 5; comp. Ecclus. [Sl-
rach] xli. 22).

" Whoever committeth adultery perisheth " (p. 69, line 12 ;
comp. Prov. 11. 18, vli. 27).

" He who sleepeth at an untimely season hateth counsel and
guidance: for such sleep bringeth death and destruction" (p.
66, line 3; comp. Prov. vi. 9-11, xix. 1-5, xx. 13). " If thou art
about to take a wife, see that she hath no evil tongue, for a
quarrelsome woman is hell, and an evil man is death " (p. 66.
below; comp. Ecclus. [Sirach] xxv. 13, 19). "Fear God. and
He shall save thee if thou shall call upon Him In time of need "
(p. 67, line 2 ; comp. Prov. xxlv. 16). " If thou sittest at meat
with many, show them not thy filled purse, lest they borrow
from thee without thought of repayment ; or if thou remindest
them, lest they provoke strife with thee, so that thou losest thy
money and becoinest their enemy " (p. 68, lines 7-9 ; comp. Ec-
clus. [Sirach] viii. 12; xxix. 4, 14). "Friendship is good and
useful, since it endureth even to the house of death " (p. 72, line
10; comp. EccUis. [Sirach] vi. 14, xxxvii. 2). "The heart of
the fool rejoiceth in witchcraft, and the Chaldean art besotteth
the understanding of the simple" (p. 70, line 6; comp. Ecclus.
[Sirach] xxxi. 1). "Eat not with the wicked; for he fllleth
himself at thy table, and then speaketh evil of thee " (p. 70, be-
low ; comp. Ecclus. [Sirach] xi. 29). "Work diligently in
youth, that thou mayest have wealth in thine age " (p. 71, lines
25 et seq.; comp. Prov. x. 22 ; Ecclus. [Sirach] xl. 10, 11). " Bet-
ter one day under the sun than a hundred years in sheol " (p.
71, line 22; comp. Eccl. ix. 4). " Desirable are life, money, and
the blessing of children ; but of more worth is a good name"
(p. 72, line 8 ; comp. Eccl. vii. 1).

The entire work consists of single disconnected
sentences. There are no theoretical maxims on the
value of wisdom, as in Proverbs and Ecclesiasticus,
but only guides to practical life; concerning this
there is hardly a theme in ^Nlenander that is not
treated in the same spirit as in the two Biblical
books. The ritual aspect of religion, however, is
hardly mentioned.

The entire lack of Christian allusions in the collec-
tion may be held to confirm its Jewish origin.
Pagan references are found only in tiie mention of
Homer and in the rather long polemic against im-
pious priests who despise their own gods and are
gluttonous at bancjuets (p. 69). Frankenberg inter-
prets this passage as referring to Jewish conditions,
while Schlirer regards it as a Gentile interpolation.

The only allusions to the date of composition
point to the period of Roman rule, for gladiators are
mentioned (p. 65, line 14) and crucifixion is declared



Mende
Hendelson



THE JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA



474



to be the punishment for theft (p. 70, line 8), al-
though the mention of priests and tithes implies the
time of the Temple.

Bibliography : Land, Anecdota Syrinca, 1., Leyden, 1862 ;
Frankenberg, Die Schrift des Menander ein PrnduM der
Jttdischen Spruchweisheit; in 8tade's Zeitschrift, 1895, xv.
236-277 ; Scburer, Oesch. 3d ed.. lil. 476-478.

2. Historian ; a native of Ephesus; lived probably
at the time when the kingdom and the school of
Pergamos were at their zenith, whence he was called
also " the Pergamonian " ; apparently, one of the
pupils of Eratosthenes (376-195 B.C.). Menander
wrote a history of Phenicia, taking his material
from the original documents in the archives at
Tyre. As he mentions the fact that King Hiram
had wood taken from the forests of Lebanon for the
building of the Temple, he is cited by Josephus
("Ant." ix. 14, § 2) as a witness for the verity of
Biblical history ; and also in connection with As-
syrian history Menander has a curious reference,
unknown elsewhere, to the younger son of a certain
Abdemon, who is said to have vanquished Solomon
in guessing riddles (Josephus, "Contra Ap." i. 18;
idem, "Ant." viii. 5, § 3).

Bibliography: C. MixUer, Fragmenta Historicorum GrcBco-
7'uw, Iv. 44.5 ; Th. Reinach, Textes d'Aiiteiirs Grecs et Ro-
mains Relatifs au Jiidaisme, i. 44-46, Paris, 1895.
J. S. Kr.

MENDE : Capital of the ancient county of
Gevaudan; now chief town in tiie department of
Loz^re, France. In the twelfth century a Jewish
community existed here, having a synagogue, whose
ruins still (1904) remain. In 1307 a contention arose
between Philip the Fair, King of France, and the
Bishop of Mende on the question of the possessions
of the Jews who had been expelled in the preceding
year. In April, 1310, an arrangement between the
king and the bishop was made by virtue of which
Philip abandoned to the latter one-third of the con-
fiscated goods of the Jews, as well as a house at
Mende Avhich had belonged to a Jew named Ferrier.

Other parts also of Gevaudan were inhabited by
Jews in tiie Middle Ages, as Marvejols or Marv6ge
(t^^TDO), where Jacob ha-Levi, the mystic, lived
about 1303; Villefort (D11S^'''l), where the site of
the old Jewish cemetery is still known (" Memoiresde
la Societe Koyale des Antiquaires de France," viii.
834) ; and others. Even in tiieir names several vil-
lages indicate the former residence of Jews there,
as Salmon, formerly Salomon ; Mont-David, Booz,
Ruth, and Obed {ib. p. 320).

Bibliography: Saipe, Les Juifn du Languedoc, pp. 14, 101,
324 ; Depping, Les Juifs dans le Moyen Age, p. I3i3 ; B^dar-
ride. Les Juifs en France, en Italic, et en Espagne, p. 227 ;
F. .■Kndre, Notice sitr les Jiiifs en Gevatidnn, in Bullelin
de la Societe Historiqne de Lozere, 1872, historical part, pp.
85-91 ; Gross. Gallia Jridaiea, p. 364.

V. S. K.

LIENDEL : Name of a prominent Hungarian
family wiiich flourislied in tiie latter half of tlie fif-
teenth century and in tlie first half of the .sixteenth
in Ofen (Buda). Members of tliree generations of it
are known ; namely, Jacob, Israel, and Isaac Men-
del, who iield the oflice of " Priiicei)s JiKhvoruiii."
" Supremus Juda;orum," or " Pifcfectus JudfEorum "
between 1482 and 1539. Tin's oftice, which seems to
have existed only during that pcrind, was created by
King Matthias in order to give tlic Jews an accred-



ited representative at court, who at the same time
should be responsible for the payment of their taxes.
The " Prgefectus Judaeorum " was empowered to im-
pose fines and other penalties on the Jews. As an
official of the crown he was exempted from wearing
the Jews' hat.

Bibliography : Kobn, Magyar Zsiddk T6rtenete, pp. 216 et
seq.; Engel, Gesch. des TJngari^chen Retches, i. 80 et sey.;
Biichler, A Zsidok TOrtenete Budapesten, pp. 50 et seq.;
Venetianer, A Zsidosdg Szerverete, pp. 273 et seq., 336
et seq.
v>. L. V.

MENDEL, EMANUEL: German physician;
born at Bunzlau, Silesia, Oct. 28, 1839; educated
at tiie universities of Breslau, Vienna, and Berlin
(M.D. 1860). In 1861 he took charge of a private
insane asylum at Pankow, near Berlin. He served
as surgeon in the Franco-Prussian war (1870-71),
and gained the Iron Cross. In 1873 he removed to
Berlin and became privat-docent in psychiatry at
the university, and in 1884 was made assistant pro-
fessor. From 1877 to 1881 he was a member of the
German Reichstag.

Mendel is collaborator in psychiatry on Eulen-
burg's " Realencyclopadie der Gesammten Heil-
kunde," Ebstein-Schwalbe's "Handbuch der Prak-
tischen Medizin," and Tuke's "Journal of Mental
Science." He has written many essays in the med-
ical journals, esi)ecially on psychiatry, and is editor
of the " Neurologisches Centralblatt " and of the
" Jahresbericht ilber Neurologic und Psychiatric."
Of his numerous works may be mentioned : " Pro-
gressive Paralyse der Irren," Berlin, 1880; "Die
Manie," Vienna, 1881; and "Die Geisteskranken in
dem Entwurf des Blirgerlichen Gesetzbuches filr
das Deutsche Reich," Berlin, 1889.

s. F. T. H.

MENDEL, HENRIETTE : Bavarian actress;
born July 31, 1833; died at Munich Nov. 12, 1891.
In early life she was noted for her beauty and his-
trionic talents. Having been created Baroness
(Freifrau)of Wallersee in the peerage of Bavaria on
May 19, 1859, she married. May 28, 1859, Duke Lud-
wig Wilhelm, eldest son of Duke Maximilian Joseph
of Bavaria, who had renounced his rights of primo-
geniture in favor of his younger brother. The
union was signally happy, and the issue of the mar-
riage, Marie Luise, married Count Georg von La-
risch. The baroness died after a protracted illness,
and was buried according to the rites of the Catholic
Church, in the city of Munich.

Bibliography: Almanack de Gotha; AUgemeine Zeitung,
Nov. 12-16, 1891.

s. A. M. F.

MENDEL, HERMANN: Music publisher and
writer: l)orn at Halle Aug. 6, 1834; died at Berlin
Oct. 26, 1876. He received his musical education at
Halle, Leipsic, and Berlin. In 1853 he entered the
Berlin music-i)ublishing house of Schlcsinger, and
later tiiat of Bote & Bock. In 1863 he established
a business of his own and conducted it until 1868,
contributing at llie same time to numerous period-
icals, sucli as the "Eciio," "Tonhalle," "Theater-
diener," "Berliner Montagsz^eitung," and "Deutsche
Musikerzeitung," which last-named he conducted
from its inception in 1870 until his death. He is
best known as the projector of the celebrated "Mu-



476



THE JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA



Mende
Mendelson



sikalisches Konversations-Lexikon," which he be-
gan in 1870 with a large and distinguished staff of
collaborators. At the time of his death, iiowever,
it had reached only the letter "]\I." As completed
xindcr the editorship of Dr. Reissmann, it consists
of eleven volumes, and is one of the most compre-
hensive works of its kind. Prominent among the
other publications of Mendel are his well-known
biographies of Nicolai and Meyerbeer, and his edi-
tion of Mode's "Opernbibliothek," consisting of
about ninety opera-libretti, with preface, etc.

Bibliography : Grove, Dictionaril of Music and Musicians :
Riemann, Miisik-Lexikon.
6. J. So.

MENDELSBURG, LEON: Ru.ssian teacher
and writer; born at Hodava, Russian Poland, 1819;
died at Warsaw March, 1897. He studied Talmud
at Tomashov, where Phinehas-Mendel Heilprin ex-
ercised a beneficial influence on his education.
In 1850 Mendelsburg was appointed government
teacher at the Jewish public school in Novograd-
Volhynsk ; and in 1854 he was transferred to the
rabbinical school at Jitomir, where he remained
until the closing of that school by the government
(July 1, 1873). He then settled in Koretz, and later
removed to W^' ^aw. From 1850 Mendelsburg was
& constant cl. aibutor in German to the "Allge-
meine Zeituug des Judenthums," in which he pub-
lished valuable papers on the life of the Jews in
Russia. He published also " Dichtung und Warh-
lieit" (Leipsic, 1862), a volume of sketches of Russo-
Jewisli life.

Bibliography : Sokolow, Sefer Zikkaron, p. 72; Ha-Zefirah,
1897. p. 233.
n. K. J. G. L.

MENDELSOHN, JOSEPH: German author;
born at Jever Sept. 10, 1817; died at Hamburg
April 4, 1856. He was admitted at an early age to
the Jewish free school at Hamburg, and in 1831 en-
tered a printing establishment at Brunswick as an
apprentice, remaining there as journeyman until
1839. On his return to Hamburg he devoted him-
self to literature, but shortly afterward, aided by
Solomon Heine, he went to Paris for further study.
In 1841 he returned to Hamburg and resumed his
literary work.

jVIendelsohn was the author of the following
works: "Blilthen. Gedichte und Novellen eines
Schriftsetzers" (Brunswick, 1839), with a preface
by F. K. von Strombeck; "Pariser Briefe" (1841);
"Wilde Blumen" (1842); "Ueberall Jesuiten "
(1846); and some comedies from the French, inclu-
ding "Er Muss Aufs Land" (1845) and "Ein Weib
ausdem Volke" (1846).

Bibliography: Brummer, Lczikon Deutscher Dichter wkJ
Prosaisteri, ii. 29.
s. M. K.

MENDELSOHN, MARTIN: German physi-
cian; born at Posen Dec. 16, 1800; studied medicine
at the universities of Leipsic and Berlin (M.D. 1885).
After a year spent in Paris, Avhere he took a post-
graduate course, he established himself as a physi-
cian in Berlin, becoming assistant at the first medical
clinic and later at the Charite Hospital. In 1895 he
was admitted as privat-docent to the medical faculty



of Berlin University, and received the title of pro-
fessor in 1899.

Mendelsohn has collaborated on Eulenburg's
" Realencyclopadie derGesammten Heilkunde,"and
since 1894 has edited the "Zeitschrift fiir Kranken-
pflege." He has contributed many essays (about
100) to the medical journals, and is the author of:
"Das Opium," Berlin, 1888; "Der Comfort des
Kranken," ib. 1890 (2d ed. 1892); " Aerztliche Kunst
und Medizinische Wissenschaft," Wiesbaden, 1893;
"Einfluss des Radfahrens auf den Menschlichen Or-
ganismus," Berlin, 1896; " Krankenpflege fl\r Medi-
ziner," ib. 1899.



Bibliography : Pagel. Binq. Lex.

s.



F. T. H.



MENDELSOHN, SAMUEL : American rabbi
and scholar; born in Shilleleu, province of Kovno,
Russia, March 31, 1850. He was educated at the
rabbinical college, Wilna, at the rabbinic school,
Berlin, and at Maimonides' College, Philadelphia,
Pa. (1873). In 1883 he received the honorary de-
gree of doctor of law from the University of North
Carolina. Mendelsohn was rabbi of the Congrega-
tion Beth-El, Norfolk, Va., from 1873 to 1876, since
which date he has served as rabbi of the Congrega-
tion Temple of Israel, Wilmington, N. C.

Mendelsohn has published "The Criminal Juris-
prudence of the Ancient Hebrews" (Baltimore,
1891), in addition to several pamphlets and a large
number of articles, on subjects of general Jewish
interest and Talmudical research, in "Ha-Zofeh,"
the "Jewish Messenger," "Jewish Record," "South
Atlantic Magazine," "American Israelite,'^ and
" Revue des Etudes Juives."

In 1879 he married Esther Jastrow, niece of the
Rev. Dr. M. Jastrow. He has one son, Charles
Jastrow Mendelsolin ; the latter was fellow in
classics in the University of Pennsylvania (1901-
1903), where he also received the degree of doctor
of philosophy in 1904. A.



Online LibraryIsidore SingerThe Jewish encyclopedia : a descriptive record of the history, religion, literature, and customs of the Jewish people from the earliest times to the present day (Volume 8) → online text (page 116 of 169)