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the employee is engaged has been completed.
Where employees have occasion to enter restrict-
ed areas frequently, they should be supplied
with the regular permits requiring photographs.
Chester Harding,

Governor.



Appointments.

The Panama Canal,
Executive Office,
Balboa Heights, C. Z., October 5, 1917.
Circular No. 661-52 Corrected):

1. Effective this date, Col. Albert E. Truby,
Medical Corps, U. S. A., is appointed Chief
Health Officer, vice Col. Deane C. Howard,
relieved f ro n duty with The Panama Canal.

2. Effective this date, Capt. Robert L. Lough-
ran, Medical Reserve Corps, U. S. A., is appoint-
ed Superintendent, Ancon Hospital, vice Col.
Albert E. Truby. Captain Loughran will report
direct to the Chief Health Officer.

Chester Harding,

Governor.



Appointment.

The Panama Canal,
Executive Office,
Balboa Heights, C. Z., October 8. 1917.
Circular No. 661-53:
Effective this date, Mr. Robert K. Morris Is



appointed Chief Quartermaster, vice Lieut. Col.
Wm. R. Grove, U. S. A., relieved from duty with
The Panama Canal.

Chester Harding,

Governor.

Appointment.

The Panama Canal,
Hf.alth Department,
Balboa Heights, C. Z., October 3, 1917.
Special Order No. 205:

Dr. Robert L. Bowen, captain. Medical Re-
serve Corps, having reported to The Panama
Cana! for duty to-day, is assigned as Fuperin-
ten lent. Colon Hospital, an 1 will proeeel at
once to that station and assume charge of that
institution.

D. C. Howard,
Approved : Chief Health Officer.

Chester Harding,
Governor.

Accountable Official.

The Panama Canal,

Accounting Department,
Balboa Heights, C Z., October 4, 1917.
Circular No. 152:

Effective this date. Col. Albert E. Truby,
Medical Corps. U. S. A., is designated an ac-
countable official of The Panama Canal, vice v
Col. D. C. Howard, and as such will account for
all nonexpendable property in use by the Health
Department.

H. A. A. Smith,
Approved: Auditor, The Panama Canal.

Chester Harding,
G oi em or.



Rates of Pay, Gold Roll.

The Panama Canal,
Executive Office,
Balboa Hfichts, C. Z.. October 2, 1917.
Heads of Departments and Divisions:

In addition to the rates for genera! foreman
established by circular No. 669-4, the Governor
has authorized a rate of $187.50, effective July
1, 1917.

C. A. Mcli .vaine.
Executive Secretary.



Address ol the American Legation.

The Panama Canal,
Executive Office,
Balboa Heights, t_. Z., Ociober 1, 1917.
Heads of Departments anp Divisions:

Moil for the American Legation, Panama,
should be addressed to Panama, R. P., instead of
Ancon.

C. A. McIlvaine,
Executive Secretary.



Information Slips.

The Panama Canal,
Executive Office,
Balboa Heights. C. Z.. October 2, 1917.
To heath of departments and divisions, foremen,
and fie! d timekeepers— In order to renew our per-
sonnel records, blank information slips, revised
form 195, will be forwarded to iouwith the time
books within the next few days.

Please have each employee on the gold roll,
and every American citizen, or alien receiving
over $75 per month or 40 cents pet hour, on the
silver roll, fill out the information slips in dupli-
cate. It is necessary only to fill in the face of the
form, the reverse side to remain blank.

Foremen and field timekeepers should see
that these information slips are rilled out prompt-
ly and returned to this office as soon as possible.
C. A. McIlvaine,
Executive Secretary.



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



75



Handling Food Palls on Trains.

Panama Railroad Company.
Office of Master of Transportation,
Balboa Heights, C. Z., October 5, 1917.
Circular No. 860:

To all concerned — Effective November 1, no
food pails will be handled on Panama Railroad
trains except those bearing food pail tag, form
Al 23, showing name of owner of the pail, his
department, between what points pail is to be
handled, and signature of his foreman or head of
department. A supply of form A I 23 will be
furnished by the Master of Transportation, Pana-
ma Railroad, on request to the heads of depart-
ments. Heads of departments are requested to
limit this privilege to strictly necessary cases in
order to eliminate the present delay and confusion
around station platforms due to great number of
pails handled and presence of messengers and
relatives of employees at trains to receive and
deliver pails.

W. F. Foster,
Approved: Master of Transportation.

S. W. Heai.d.
Superintendent,



Liberty Loan Bonds of First Issue.

The Panama Canal,
Executive Department,
Balpoa Heights. C. Z.. October 6, 191 7.

To all subscribers for Liberty Loan bonds — The
first issue of Liberty Loan bonds has not yet
been completed by the United States Treasury
on account of the great amount of work involved
and the further reason that Congress has now
changed the rate of interest, increasing it from
3$ per cent to 4 per cent. This means that the
. =t issue of bonds, dated June 15, 1917, and for
wli.ct; the employees have been making monthly
payments for the past four months, w>ll bear
interest at the rate of 4 per cent instead of 3 j per
cent.

Notice has been received from Washington
that 3$ per cent bonds will not be delivered to the
subscribers unless expressly requested. If a
subscriber has his 3J per cent bond sent to the
Isthmus it means that he must immediately
return it to the United States Treasury' through
the Federal Reserve Bank which handled his
original application, in order that his bond may be
changed from 3J to 4 per c-nt.

The United States Treasury assumes the
responsibility for original delivery of Liberty
bonds but will not be responsible for their return
to the Treasury or the return of the converted
bond to the subscriber.

The advantage of having the bonds converted
to those bearing 4 rer cent, before being sent to
the Isthmus is plainly apparent and this procedure
will be followed unless a subscriber shall notify
the Liberty Loan committee in writing not later
than October 10 that he desires his 3 J per cent
bond delivered to him. In such case the Liberty
Loan committee can not assume the responsibility
of returning them to Washington to be converted
to bonds bearing the higher rate of interest or
for the return of the converted bonds to the
subscriber.

Respectfully,

T. L. Clear,
Chairman, Liberty Loan Committee.



Examinations by Board of Local Inspectors.

For chauffeurs' licenses — At the Pacific end of
the Canal Zone applicants will obtain authority
for examination from the office of the Board of
Local Inspectors, room 237, Administration
Building, Balboa Heights; hours are from 8 to
12 in the morning, and from 1 to 4 in the after-
noon. The examination will be given on appli-
cation to the fire station at Balboa on any week
day. between 1.30 and 4.30 p. m.

At the Atlantic end, applicants will apply on
Friday at the office of the Captain of the Port
of Cristobal, at any time during office hours.
The necessary forms may be obtained there,
without application to the office at Balboa
Heights, and the test will be given as soon as the
application is submitted and appro ed.

Applicants must provide themselves with
automobiles for the test.

For licenses as motor boat navigators — Written
examination is conducted every ether Wednes-
day in room 304, Balboa Heights, beginning at
8 a. m., and on the Friday immediately following
at the office of the Captain of the Port of Cris-
total, from 9 a. m. until 3 p. m. Applications
for examination must be submitted at lea»t a
day previous to the examination; forms may be
obtained from the office of the board, Balboa
Heights, or from the Captains of the Ports, or
from the main office of the Dredging Division
at Paraiso.

Demonstration tests will be given on Thursday,
the day between the written examinations, as
follows: At Cristobal, by arrangement with the
Captain cf the Port; at Balboa, at 2 p. m., on
application to the Captain of the Port; and at
Gamboa, at 8 a. m., by the deputy inspector.
Applicants must provide themselves with boats
for the test.

For licenses as filols, masters, mates, and marine
engineers — Written examination only, and only
at Balboa Heights, room 304, on the same day
as the written examination there for motor boat
navigators. Forms must be submitted not later
than the day preceding, and may be obtained
from the same offices as the forms for motor boat
iiavigatois. The next date on which examinations
for these licenses and for navigators of motor
boats will be conducted at Ralboa Heights is
Wednesday. October 17, 1917.

George J. Vanderslice, Recorder.



Sale of Small Tables.

Sealed bids will be received by the storekeeper,
Supply Department. Administration Building,
up to 10 a. m., October 12, 1917, for the purchase
of one, any, or al) of the 13 small tables in the
basement of the building. These tables are
suitable for holding plants or flowers in pots and
may be examined upon application to the store-
keeper, basement, Administration Building.

Bids will be considered from employees of
The Panama Canal only.

The right is reserved to reject any bids or to
accept any bid most advantageous to the Govern-
ment, all things considered.

Purchaser will be required to remove tables
from the storehouse immediately upon receipt
of notice of the acceptance of the bid.

Bids must be accompanied by full amount of
bid, which will be returned in case of rejection of
same.



Deceased Employees.

The estates of the following deceased employees of The Panama Cana! or the Panama Railroad
Company are now in process of settlement by the office of the Administrator of Estates and any claims
against these estates, or any information which might lead to the location of heirs, or to the recovery of
property, bank deposits, postal savings or postal money order deposits, or any other moneys due them,
should be presented at his office, Balboa Heights, at once in order that the estates may be settled as
soon as possible. All claims should be itemized, sworn to before a notary public, or other public
officer having a seal, and submitted in duplicate. These names will be published but once:



Name.


Check
No.

24283


Native of


Isthmian
residence.


Employed by


Date of

death.


Wil'ism l.e*


fVmerara


Panama


Dredging Division


September 23. 1017.



76 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD

COMMISSARY NOTES.



Stock for Chicken Farm.

The steamship Panama, which arrived October 2, brought approximately 1,200
chickens, consisting mostly of Rhode Island reds, white plymouth rocks, and
white leghorns, with two pens of Sicilian buttercups (a new breed), and two pens of
white wyandottes. These were boxed in specially constructed crates — 193 in all.

A poultry expert, who will assume charge of the chicken industry for the Commis-
sary Division, supervised the purchase of this poultry from various breeders, handled
all details, and accompanied the shipment to the Isthmus. He was assisted by two
employees of the Washington office, who saw to it that the fowls received proper care
during the voyage; as a consequence the stock arrived in fine condition.

The chickens were shipped Tuesday night to the farm at Summit, where they will
be used as foundation stock.

In view of the heavy rains prevalent in the Canal Zone, early feathering birds were
selected. It was thought that they possessed the highest meat and egg qualifica-
tions for this climate.

Repairs to Electrical Devices.

Arrangements have been completed with the Electrical Division to make nec-
essary repairs to the electrical devices now handled by the Commissary Division.

All claims or requests for repairs on these devices should be filed with the customer's
local commissary.

The Electrical Division will pass upon the merits of such claims, determining
whether the repairs are necessary through fault of customer or of manufacturer.
In case it is decided that the fault is with the customer, they will advise the com-
missary manager with whom the claim originated how much the repairs will cost,
who will in turn ascertain from patron whether or not it is satisfactory to go ahead
with such repairs; if not, the appliance will be returned without repairs. In case
the customer is liable for the cost of repairs the manager will collect before the device
is returned to the customer.

If responsibility does not rest with the customer, the Electrical Division will charge
the cost of repairs direct to the suppliers.

It is believed that this method will greatly facilitate matters inasmuch as when
sending these electrical devices to the suppliers for repairs, it has taken from two to
four months to obtain the return of them.



Malaga Grapes.

The commissary purchasing agent, New York, stated in a letter dated September
26 that the first shipment of malaga grapes was reported due to arrive from Spain
within a few days. Requisition for this fruit has been in for some time, and a con-
signment of these grapes, if they are in shipping condition, doubtless will be received
within a short time.

Closing Out Sale.

Owing tolight sales, the following items of decorated crystal ware carried in the
hardware sections of the retail stores have been reduced in price, ana will not be
reordered: Vinegar bottles, salad and berry bowls, carafes, decanters, berry dishes,
lemonade glasses, claret jugs, trays.

Baby carriages, door mats, and some razors also have been reduced.

Thirteen new styles in women's shoes were received recently and have been placed
on sale in the retail stores.

During the month of September approximately 21,000 gallons of ice cream were
manufactured in the plant at Cristobal.

The amount of green coffee roasted in the plant at Cristobal in the month of Sep-
tember was 47,801 pounds.

Orders for Jelly Rolls. are made for delivery on Wednesdays and Satur-

The Panama Canal, days only. Orders must be placed with the order

Supply Department. clerk two days in advance of required delivery.

Cristobal. C. Z.. October 3, 1917. Please attach this notice to your file copy of

Memorandum No. 643: bakery »»t. Morris

To commissary managers— Jelly rolls, adver. faLZj w ,,,.„.'..

tfeed in retail bakery libt No. 6 at 15 cents each. Central Ma»oier.



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE PANAMA CANAL.

Subscription rates, domestic, S1.0D per yea-; foreign, $1.50; addreaa

The Panama Canal Record, Ea'boa Heights, Canal Zone, or

The Panama Canal, Washington, D. C.





Volume XI. Balboa Heights, C. Z., October 17, 1917. No. 9.

The Schcbl for Apprentices of The Panama Canal.

The apprentice school, an institution which has been in operation
for several years, is providing for the apprentices employed by The
Panama Canal opportunities equalling those provided by some of the
best industrial organizations of the United States. The school aims
to supply to the apprentices the phases of academic and technical
training necessary in making effective application of their practical or
trade training.

Since its institution, the apprentice school has been in charge of the supervisor
of industrial training for the Schools Division. Heretofore, the class instruction has
been given by the supervisor, assisted by a draftsman from the Mechanical Division
All of the apprentices were from the Mechanical Division, this being the only division
which had made any provision for the training of apprentices. During the past year
it became apparent that a change in the organization of the school was necessary
if the most effective work was to be done.

Upon recommendation of the Supervisor of Industrial Training, and by cooperation
of the Schools, Mechanical, and Electrical Divisions, the position of apprentice
instructor was created. The entire time of this instructor is given to the apprentice
school and to promoting the general welfare of the apprentices. His duties include
besides the regular classroom instruction, visiting the apprentices in the shops, keeping
in touch with the work being done by the boys, learning from their foremen the char-
acter of their work and the general satisfaction they are giving, seeing that the kind
of work is changed at the proper time according to a definitelv arranged program for
each trade, and keeping in touch with the rates of pay and 'bonuses earned by the
boys. This close association with the shop work of the apprentices enables the in-
structor to plan the classroom work to best advantage.

A new and somewhat enlarged program of classroom work is being put into opera-
tion. Some of the subjects given are of general benefit and are required of all boys
Other subjects, especially related to particular trades, are required of the boys work-
ing in those trades. By this arrangement the particular needs for the different trades
are better provided for than if all boys were given exactly the same work.

All apprentices are required to take mechanical drawing. This consists of work
in orthographic projection, detail drawing, and tracing, through all four years for all
except the electrical apprentices, who are given elementary architectural" drawing in
the fourth year.

Mathematics is required of all apprentices in their first and second years. This
is applied mathematics, dealing with the fundamental operations of arithmetic,
geometry, and trigonometry as applied in shop practice. Problems are chosen, as
far as is possible, from the shop work of the individual apprentice.

In the third and fourth years all Mechanical Division apprentices are given in-
struction in elementary mechanics and the mechanics of materials. Electrical ap-
prentices will be given instruction in the essentials of electricity and chemistry in
their third and fourth years. All Mechanical Division apprentices are given instruc-
tion in the working principles of steam and gas power machinery. Electrical Division
apprentices will be given similar instruction in the working principles of electrical
machinery.

All apprentices will be given instruction in the materials of construction, dealing
with the nature, production, and uses of the various materials. Study and practice
in correct English usage will be required of all apprentices. This will include com-
position of shop reports, oral explanation of mechanical devices, "interviewing,"
business letter forms, and technical spelling.

_ The school for apprentices of the Balboa Shops is located in the Mechanical Divi-
sion building at Balboa. Provision has been made to take care of the apprentices
of the Electrical Division there also. A branch school, located near the Cristobal
Shops, is conducted for the boys employed in the Cristobal Shops.

1 here are employed in the Mechanical Division at present 35 apprentices, dis-



78 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD

tributed as follows: Blacksmiths, 2; boilermakers, 7; coppersmiths, 1 ; draftsmen,
1; machinists, 15; molders, 2; patternmakers, 1; pipefitters, 4; shipfitters, 2.

The term of apprenticeship is four years. The rates of pay are as follows: First
year, 16 cents per hour; second year, 22 cents per hour; third year, 31 cents per hour;
fourth year, 40 cents per hour.

After the first year, apprentices who obtain a "general satisfaction" rating of 90
per cent or more, receive a 10 per cent addition to the above base rates of pay.

The officials of the Electrical Division have had under consideration for some time
a plan for the training of apprentices in the electrical trades. This plan has now be-
come effective and apprentices will be employed in these trades. Applications will
be received by the Electrical Engineer.



November Weather Probabilities.

The following weather conditions may be expected at the Canal
entrances during the month of November, 1917. Predictions are
based on November records of 10 and 11 years at Colon and Ancon,
respectively:

Winds- — Light and variable winds of an average hourly velocity of from 6 to 12
miles an hour will prveail throughout the month at the Atlantic entrance, the higher
hourly average occurring during the middle of the day. Southeast and west winds
will predominate, the former during the early morning hours, and the latter during
the afternoon. Maximum velocities of from 30 to 40 miles an hour are possible
during local rain or thunder squalls.

At the Pacific entrance and over the interior light northwest winds will prevail,
with a considerable percentage of variable wind during the daytime. The average
hourly velocity will range from 5 miles during the early morning to 8 miles during
the middle of the day, although maximum velocities of from 25 to 30 miles an hour
are liable to occur during rain or thunder squalls.

Rain — The average November rainfall at Colon is 21.51 inches and at the Pacific
entrance 10.20 inches, these averages being for periods of 46 and 20 years, respectively.
About 26 days with rain may be expected at the Atlantic entrance, and 23 days at
the Pacific, while the average number of days with heavy rain (1.00 inch or more) is
8 at the Atlantic entrance and 3 on the Pacific side. The greater part of the rainfall
(about 70 per cent) occurs during the daytime at the Pacific entrance and over the
interior, while along the Atlantic coast nearly half of the November rain occurs during
the nighttime.

Fogs — A few fogs may be expected on the Pacific coast, but none are likely to occur
on the Atlantic. The average number of nights with light or dense fog over the
Gaillard Cut section of the Canal is 14. These fogs should not prove a hindrance to its
navigation in the daytime, as practically all of the fogs that occur may be expected
to lift or become dissipated before 8.30 a. m.

Temperature — The average shade air temperature will be approximately 79°
Fahrenheit over both coasts. The temperature on the Atlantic coast is more equable
than on the Pacific, but the time of occurrence of the maximum and minimum tem-
perature is practically the same for both coasts, the higher temperature occurring
from 12 noon to 2 p. m., and the lower from 4 to 6 a. m. The temperature is not
likely to rise above 90° F. or fall lower than 70° F. on the Atlantic coast while at the
Pacific entrance the maximum temperature may be as high as 94° F. and the mini-
mum as low as 67° F. The mean daily range of the temperature is approximately
8° F. on the Atlantic coast, and 14° F. on the Pacific.

Barometric pressure — The average sealevel atmospheric pressure will be about
29.85 inches. Local barometric readings are of little value in forecasting weather
conditions, as, except for the well marked diurnal change, fluctuations in air pressure
on the Isthmus are very slight. The maximum pressure during the month may not be
expected to exceed 29.98 inches, or the minimum pressure to be less than 29.68
inches.

Relative humidity — The relative humidity of the atmosphere will average about 8S
per cent over both coasts. The range is greater on the Pacific coast, the nighttime
humidity being about 95 per cent and the average minimum during the day about
75 per cent, while on the Atlantic coast they are 92 per cent and 82 per cent,
respectively.

Storms — The so-called "northers" may extend as far south as the Atlantic entrance
of the Canal during the month of November. These storms are characterized by
steady, brisk, northerly winds, ranging in velocity up to 30 or more miles an hour,
and are usually accompanied by a heavy swell. Local wind, thunder, and rain squalls.



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD 79

of more or less limited extent, may be expected frequently during the month.
Generally, cloudy weather will continue over both coasts, and smooth to moderate
6eas may be expected at the Pacific entrance.

Tides — Tidal fluctuations need not be considered in navigating the Atlantic en-
trance to the Canal, as the extreme range is about two feet. An average tidal range
of about 13 feet occurs at the Pacific entrance, while the maximum range may reach
20 feet during spring tides.

Panama (Balboa) tide predictions for the period until December 1 are given on
page 83.

Liberty Loan Bonds of Second Issue.

The Governor issued the following notice under date of October 11:

To employees of The Panama Canal and Panama Railroad Company — United States
Treasury Department circular No. 90, issued by the Secretary of the Treasury under
date of October 1, 1917, invites the people of the United States of America to sub-
scribe to the second issue of United States gold bonds, known as the Liberty Loan.
The bonds are issued under the provision of the Act of Congress, approved September
24, 1917.

Bearer and registered bonds are issued in denominations of $50, $100, $500, $1,000,



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