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THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD

OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE PANAMA CANAL.

Subscription rates, domestic, $1.00 per year; foreign, $1.50; address

The Panama Canal Record, Balboa Heights, Canal Zone, or

The Panama Canal, Washington, D. C.

Entered as second-class matter February 6, 1918, at the Post Office

at Cristobal, C. Z., under the Act of March 3, 1879.





Volume XL Balboa Heights, C. Z., July 3, 191 8. No. 46.

Special Agent, War Trade Board.

At a meeting of the War Trade Board of June 11, 1918, the follow-
ing resolution was passed:

Resolved that the War Trade Board hereby authorize and approve the appoint-
ment of Colonel Chester Harding, Governor of the Panama Canal, as Special Agent
of the War Trade Board in the Panama Canal Zone.



Commendation of Employees.

The Panama Canal, Panama Railroad Company,

Executive Office,
Balboa Heights, C. Z., June 26, 1918.

Employees of The Panama Canal and Panama Railroad Company:

The following communication from the Acting Chief of Staff of the
Panama Canal Department is quoted for your information.

Chester Harding,
Governor of The Panama Canal,
President, Panama Railroad Company.

June 24, 1918.

1. The Commanding General has noted with great pleasure the loyal cooperation
of the employees of The Panama Canal in his efforts to secure the correction of the
vicious and immoral conditions in the terminal cities of Panama and Colon.

2. In carrying out the necessary restrictive measures, it was found that the existing
police regulations do not protect the people of the Canal Zone from invasion by persons
attempting to sell drugs, liquors and other immoral services. In order to protect
the Americans on the Canal Zone, especially the young people growing up in our
midst, from these vicious influences, it has been necessary, under the authority of
the Act of Congress, to supplement the laws and regulations by the order issued on
June 14, 1918. During the first stages of eradicating this illicit traffic across the Zone
boundary, there will be some unavoidable bother caused to Americans entering and
leaving Panaman territory. The vital importance of this question leads me to inform
the employees of the Canal Zone as to the conditions that have caused the issuance
of this order and to request that their aid be given in every way in the present effort
to get rid of these vicious influences.

3. I am sure that all will realize the great necessity that has caused the issuance
of this order and the good that is being accomplished thereby, and that, as patriotic
and law abiding citizens, everybody will not only gladly obey the law but will give it
active support and cooperation even though its enforcements may cause temporary
inconvenience.

By command of Brigadier General Blatchford:

W. D. A. Anderson,
Colonel, Corps of Engineers.

Certain Citizens or Subjects of Germany or Austria-Hungary Included as

"Enemies" for Purposes of Trading with the Enemy Act; Reports

Required as to Their Property.

By the President of the United States of America: A Proclamation —
Whereas paragraph (c) of Section Two of the Act entitled "An Act To define,
regulate, and punish trading with the enemy, and for other purposes," approved
October 6, 1917, known as the Trading with the enemy Act, provides that the word
"enemy" as used therein shall be deemed to mean, for the purpose of such trading
and of said Act, in addition to the individuals, partnerships or other bodies of indi-



474 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD

viduals or corporations specified in paragraph (a), and in addition to the Government
and political or municipal subdivisions, officers, officials, agents or agencies thereof
specified in paragraph (b), of said Section Two, the following:

"Such other individuals, or body or class of individuals, as may be natives,
citizens or subjects of any nation with which the United States is at war, other
than citizens of the United States, wherever resident or wherever doing business,
as the President, if he shall find the safety of the United States, or the success-
ful prosecution of the war shall so require, may, by proclamation, include within
the term 'enemy' ";

Now, Therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States of
America, pursuant to the authority vested in me, and in accordance with the
provisions of the said Act of October 6, 1917, known as the Trading with the enemy
Act, do hereby find that the safety of the United States and the successful prosecution
of the present war require that,

(1) Any woman, wherever resident outside of the United States, who is a citizen
or subject of any nation with which the United States is at war and whose husband is
either (a) an officer, official or agent of the government of any nation with which the
United States is at war, or (b) resident within the territory (including that occupied
by the military or naval forces) of any nation with which the United States is at war,
or (c) resident outside of the United States and doing business within such territory;
and

(2) All citizens or subjects of any nation with which the United States is at war
(other than citizens of the United States) who have been or shall hereafter be detained
as prisoners of war, or who have been or shall hereafter be interned by any nation
which is at war with any nation with which the United States is also at war; and

(3) Such other individuals or body or class of individuals as may be citizens or
subjects of any nation with which the United States is at war (other than citizens of
the United States) wherever resident outside of the United States, or wherever doing
business outside of the United States, who since the beginning of the Avar have dis-
seminated, or shall hereafter disseminate propaganda calculated to aid the cause
of any such nation in such war, or to injure the cause of the United States in such war,
or who since the beginning of the war has assisted or shall hereafter assist in plotting
or intrigue against the United States, or against any nation which is at war with any
nation which is at war also with the United States; and

(4) Such other individuals or body or class of individuals as may be citizens or
subjects of any nation with which the United States is at war wherever resident out-
side of the United States, or wherever doing business outside of the United States,
who are or may hereafter be included in a publication issued by the War Trade Board
of the United States of America, entitled "Enemy Trading List", and the term
"body or class of individuals" as herein used shall include firms and copartnerships
contained in said enemy trading list of which one or more of the members or partners
shall be citizens or subjects of any nation with "Which the United States is at war;
and

(5) Any citizen or subject of any nation with which the United States is at war
wherever resident outside of the United States, who has been at any time since August
4, 1914, resident within the territory (including that occupied by the military or naval
forces) of any nation with which the United States is at war, shall all be included
within the meaning of the word "enemy" for the purposes of the "Trading with the
enemy Act" and of such trading; and I do hereby proclaim to all whom it may con-
cern that every such individual or body or class of individuals herein referred to shall
be and hereby is included within the meaning of the word "enemy" and shall be
deemed to constitute an "enemy" for said purposes.

And by virtue of further authority vested in me by said Act entitled "An Act To
define, regulate, and punish trading with the enemy, and for other purposes", ap-
proved October 6, 1917, and known as the Trading with the enemy Act, I hereby make
the following order, rule, and regulation:

I hereby require that, pursuant to the provisions of subsection (a) of section seven
of said "Trading with the enemy Act," every corporation incorporated within the
United States, and every unincorporated association, or company, or trustee, or
trustees within the United States, issuing shares or certificates representing beneficial
interests, shall transmit to the Alien Property Custodian a full list of every officer,
director, or stockholder known to be, or whom the representative of such corporation,
association, company or trustee may have reasonable cause to believe to be, included
by the above proclamation within the term "enemy", together with a statement of
the amount of stock or shares owned by each such officer, director, or stockholder, or
in which he has any interest; and any person in the United States who holds or has or
shall hold or have custody or control qf money or other property, beneficial or other-



1HE PANAMA CANAL RECORD 475

wise, alone of jointly with others, of, for, by, on account of or on behalf of, or for the
benefit of, and any person within the United States, who is or shall be indebted in
any way to, any person included by the above proclamation within the term "enemy",
or any person whom he may have reasonable cause to believe to be so included, shall
report the fact to the Alien Property Custodian.

Such lists, statements and reports shall be made and transmitted to the Alien
Property Custodian, in such form and under such rules and regulations as he may
prescribe within thirty days after the date of this order, or within thirty days after
money or other property owing or belonging to or held for, by, on account of or on
behalf of, or for the benefit of any such "enemy" shall come within the custody or
control of the reporter, or within thirty days after any person shall become an "enemy"
by virtue of the terms of the above proclamation.

In Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the
United States to be affixed.

Done in the District of Columbia this 31st day of May, in the year of our Lord
r n one thousand nine hundred and eighteen, and of the independence of the
[sealj United States the one hundred and forty-second.

By the President: WOODROW WILSON.

Robert Lansing,
Secretary of State.

[No. 1454.]



EXECUTIVE ORDER.



Proceedings Under Espionage Laws.

By virtue of the authority vested in me by the Act approved June 15, 1917, entitled
"An Act to punish acts of interference with the foreign relations, the neutrality,
and the foreign commerce of the United States, to punish espionage and better to
enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and for other purposes," I hereby
vest in the Attorney General all power and authority conferred upon the President
by the provisions of sections two and seven of Title VI of said Act, and the Attorney
General is hereby authorized and directed to take such steps as may be necessary
to administer and execute the same.

WOODROW WILSON
The White House,

May 31, 1918.

[No. 2874.]



The Service Flag.

The following additional names may be added to the Honor Roll
and are entitled to a star in the Service Flag:

Eustace W. Mingee Robert H. Cerise

Edward A. Wight Margaret E. Maddox

G. Arthur Howard Theodore M. Drake

Geo. W. Pendleton Mortimer H. French

James J. Henry William F. Iser

Frederic L. Neilsen John C. Scott

James W. Sherrill Albert M. Horle

William A. Day William Lindstrom

John M. Davies John G. Strasser

Chas. F. Young James T. Eason, Jr.

James L. Hadaway Carl A. Strom

Maurice Schotland Milo C. Pratt

William G. Naylor

The above makes a total of 227 employees already entered active
military and naval service.



Canal Record to Canal Service Men.

American citizens who have served on the Panama Canal and are
now in the military service of the United States will be sent a copy of
The Panama Canal Record each week if they make application for
this privilege.



476



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



CANAL WORK IN MAY.

The report of the Governor to the Secretary of War of Canal
operations in May, 1918, is printed, in part, below:

Balboa Heights, C. Z., June 24, 1918.
The Honorable, the Secretary of War,
Washington, D. C.
Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of The Panama Canal for the
month of May, 1918.

Storehouse and commissary sales of supplies to ships aggregated $169,223.38,
including $64,761.84 worth of fuel oil.

Business transacted at the Atlantic and Pacific ends of the Canal, respectively, for
the month of May, is presented in the following tabulations:



Item.



Water sold to ships gallons.

Vessels dry docked

Passengers arriving:

First cabin

Other than first cabin



Total

Passengers departing:

First cabin

Other than first cabin .



Total

Total movement of passengers .



Services to American seamen:

Seamen shipped

Seamen discharged

Seamen deceased

Seamen deserted

Seamen destitute

Seamen's identification certificates issued.

Seamen's wages received

Seamen's wages disbursed

Balance on hand, June 1, 1918

Commissary sales to commercial vessels:

Ice

Wholesale groceries

Wholesale cold storage

Laundry

Miscellaneous



Cristobal.



5,027,004
15



1,676
7,327



9,003



1,894
5,931



7,825
16,828



284
269



$1,120.50
$919.72
$584. IS



$964.96

19,512.10

24,214.04

1,105.67

1,471.42



Total.



Commissary sales to Government and Panama Railroad ships:

Ice

Wholesale groceries

Wholesale cold storage

Laundry

Miscellaneous



Tetal

Grand total of commissary sales .



47,268.19

23.25

7,796.12

19,247.75

144.11

78.53



27,289.76



74,557.95



Balboa.



2,146,500
8



1,435
1,371



420
3,724



4,144
6,950



$179.33

$129.00

«68 33



$528.49

3,727.47

13,836.26

196.16

1,711.41



19,999.82

282.77

2,205.19

6,863.15

41.93

510.73



9,903.77



29,903.59



Total.



7,173,504
23



3,111



11,809



2,314
9,655



11,969
23,778



330
338



$1,299.83

$1,048.72

S652 51



$1,493.45

23,239.57

38,050.30

1,301.86

3,182.83



67,268.01

306.02

10,001.31

26,110.90

186.04

589.26



37,193.53



104,461.54



GATUN HYDROELECTIC STATION, GATUN LOCKS, GATUN SUBSTATION,
CRISTOBAL SUBSTATION. ,

Electrical work and installation at the Gatun hydroelectric station consisted of the
dismantling and installation of the new gate house switchboard, the placing of end
bells on control cables. Brass covers on float switch recesses and float switch gear
were installed and all valve bulkheads placed in stand-by position. Work was con-
tinued on main bus and switch cells: conduit, grounding, supporting bolts, and
fittings for switch cells on units Nos. 1,2, and 3, were made up, and installation of
same was in progress at the end of the month. Cores on the auto-transformers were
reversed, internal connections made, terminal bushings were installed, and all
transformers grouted and placed in position. Twenty-two hundred volt station
service was installed with end bells, and terminal board for new exciter completed.
On the construction work of the hydroelectric station extension, 800 square feet of
wall tile, and 1,600 square feet of floor tile were laid during the month, bringing this
portion of the work to 90 per cent completion, and the entire building construction
to 95 per cent completion.

Net output of the hydroelectric station was 4,488,674 kilowatt hours on a computed
water consumption of 3,202,920,000 cubic feet; the ratio between water used for



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



477



power and that for lockages being approximately 2 to 1. The maximum lockage-
draft on Gatun Lake occurred this month, being 647 c. f. s. against a previous maxi-
mum record of 611 c. f. s. in September, 1917. Estimated rainfall over the Gatun
Lake watershed was 14.59 inches, or 11 per cent above the 8-yeai mean.

At Gatun substation work on the 6,600-volt change-over proceeded satisfactorily.
The pipe framework for the 2,200-vo!t bus was constructed, and the bus partially
erected. The curve drawing meter panels for the switchboard were received and all
but one meter placed in operation.

At the Cristobal substation the 11, 000- volt work was continued, and wiring of the
switchboard for feeders "A" and "C" started. Work was also started on a temporary
arrangement for the current and potential transformers for one 1 1 ,G00~volt feeder.

The work of installing the mechanical interlocks on the emergency dams was con-
tinued throughout the month and is 75 per cent completed. Repairs to the crib
fender, north approach wall, were completed and this fender is now in proper working
condition.

Transmission Lines — There were three interruptions on the high tension transmis-
sion line service; two of which were caused by the destruction of tower No. 10, as
the result of a train wreck; and four spare line failures, three of which tested clear,
and one caused by insulator failure. Five circuit interruptions occurred, causing
a total delay of 2 hours and 17 minutes.

DREDGING.



Dredging excavation for the month was as follows:









Total

Cu. yas.


Classified as:


Location.


Earth Rock
Cu. ydt. Cu. ydt.


Maim.
Cu. ydt.


Constr. i Auxiliary
Cu. ydi. j Cu. yds.




39,700


20,100
5,000


59 800 29.700


30,100




5.000

47.300




5,000 !




47,300

20,200
4,100


23 300


24.000




Gaillard Cut:


18.800
21,300


39,000 39,300
25,400 | 25,400


















Tota! from Gaillard Cut .


24,300

167,300
17,50b


40,100
82,900


64,400
250,200


64,400










250,'- > 0f>






17,506






















1 296,106


148.100


414,206


! 117,400


59,100


267,706



June 1, there remained to be excavated from the Canal prism 304,685 cubic yards
3f earth and 146,935 cubic yards of rock, distributed as follows:



Location.


Earth.


Rock.


Total.






78,800
68,135


78,800




304,685


372,620










304,685
262,801


146,935
235,182


451,620




518,013










587,516


382,117


969,633



Culebra and Cucaracha slides showed no unusual movement during the month,
and the normal channel was maintained without interruption.

All material excavated from Gaillard Cut was dumped in Gatun Lake, north of
Gamboa. The work of sluicing off earth cover with graders Nos. 1, 2, and 3, was
continued throughout the month in the Paraiso P. I. improvement work, and north
and south of Contractor's Hill. Drilling and blasting work on the Paraiso and Mira-
flores work was continued throughout the month.

No material was placed on sanitary fills during the month. San Juan dyke was
approximately 70 per cent completed with the placing of 4,125 cubic yards on this
work.

No dredging was done in the Atlantic Ocean to Gamboa prism. June 1 the follow-
insr excavation remained to be done in the second district:



Location.


Earth.


Rock.


Total.




196,650


1,200
2,073


197,850




2.07:!












1 '.Mi, 050


3,273


199,923



478



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



TERMINAL CONSTRUCTION.

All bids for the structural steel for the proposed steel shed on Pier 6 were rejected
and the preparation of plans for a reinforced concrete shed was started. These
bids were rejected after estimates had been prepared for a reinforced concrete shed
which indicated a considerable saving by the adoption of the latter type of construc-
tion. Work on Pier 6 was continued throughout the month in accordance with the
following statement:



Item.



Accom-
plished
during
mouth.



Total in

place.
May 31.



Percent-
age of
completion.



Forms placed square feet

Reinforcing placed pounds

Concrete poured cubic yards

3>eel struts erected each

Steel struts concreted each.



36,75<3

415,020

1,278

1

14



160.752

1,835,120

7.693

90



26 8
21.2
26.4
95 8
68



SHOPS, FOUNDRY, AND DRY DOCK WORK.

The working force of the Mechanical Division was considerably reduced during the
month. May 15 there were 702 gold, and 1,620 silver men on the pay rolls. On May
29 this force had been reduced to 631 gold, and 1,402 silver employees. Of a totai
of 1,637 job orders at Balboa shops during the month, 815 were completed, with a
balance of 822 remaining uncompleted May 31.

The foundry output during the month was somewhat in excess to that for April,
as shown by the following statement: Iron, 177,111 pounds; steel, 140,434 pounds,
brass, 12,346 pounds.

Fourteen vessels were in dry dock at Cristobal shops during the month. Two
hundred nine individual and company jobs were opened at Cristobal shops; 24 of



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