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Panama Canal record (Volume v.12(1918-19)) online

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Half Holiday Liberty Day.

All Commissaries will close at noon Saturday, October 12.

Keeping Bread Fresh.

Bread will remain fresh and in good condition if wrapped in waxed paper and kept
in a lefiigerator. Another good method is to place bread in a stone jar.


Two tons of sauerkraut were taken from the vats in the industrial laboratory re-
cently and the product, packed in kegs, has been sent to line stores for sale. The
popularity of kraut is constantly increasing and a cable requisition has been placed
for 5 tons of white cabbage for immediate shipment from New Orlears, for its manu-

Oatmeal Bread.

The oatmeal bread recently placed on sale by the Commissary Division is meeting
with exceptional favor and reports would indicate that many customers prefer it to
the Victory loaf containing corn meal substitute.

In this connection it is interesting to note that prior to the entry of the I nited
States into the European war the use cf rolled oats in the making of biead was practic-
ally unthought of. Used to a small extent as a substitute in connection with wheat
flour at the beginning of the wheat conservation campaign, its popularity has steadily
mounted and it is now one of the most favored of wheat substitutes, for it makes a
fine-flavored bread, is easily digested, and is of high value in nutrition. The baking
of bread containing oatmeal as a substitute requires very close attention but the
result obtained — a rich, nutty flavored loaf of bread — is well worth the attention given.


In connection with its efforts to conserve various materials used in the manu-
factuie of wool and fur felt hats, the Conseivation Division of the War Industries
Board has announced a schedule effective as of September 1, restricting the variety
of colors in fur felt hats to black and two shades of brown, green, steel, and pearl,
and permitting the manufacture of wool felt hats in only three additional colors.
The use of linings, elastics, cords, buttons, and eyelets is to be discontinued and
the use of imitation leather bands will be encouraged as much as possible. It is
stated that hat manufacturers are in strong accord with these new conservation
measures and they declare that styles will vary little or none in shapes or colors from
those of the past, with the exception, of course, that the use of novelties will be alto-
gether eliminated. The principal change will be in the matter of rising prices, many
manufacturers anticipating an increase of from $9 to $15 a dozen above the prices of a
year ago.

Standard Works ol Modern Writers.

In order that customers may be enabled to obtain standard works of modern
writers at comparatively low pi ices, the Commissary Division has secured from a
well-known publisher three sample sets, each containing 50 volumes which are on
display at Ancon, Balbca, and Cristobal retail stores. 1 hese books come in attractive
format, are hand bound in limp croft leather and from the standpoint of appearance,
should make a welcome addition to any library. What is more important, the litera-
ture is of enduring quality.

After a shoit time these sets will be sent to other commissaries so that all customers
may examine the books and select such titles as they may desire ordered for them.
The price is only 56 cents the volume or $28 the set.

In this connection a recent review in a Boston newspaper commented on the sur-
prising fact that the demand for Samuel Butler's "The Way of All Flesh" and Nietz-
che's "Thus Spake Zarathustra" exceeds that for all ethers, including such titles as
Kipling's "Soldiers Three" and Maeterlinck's "A Miracle of St. Anthony," which
naturally might be expected to enjoy much wider popularity. A possible explanation
advanced for the large sale of Nietzche's book, iscuiiosityon the part of the American
people to learn just what sort of mad philosophy is responsible for the present state
of mind of the German military and university caste.



Subscription rates, domestic, $1.00 per year; Foreign, 11.50; address

The Panama Canal Record, Balbi anal Zone, or

The Panama D. 0.

Entereda tatter, February 6, 1918, at the Post Office

. c. /... under the Ac) of March 3, 1879.

Volume XII. Balboa Heights, C. Z., October 16, 191 8. No. 9.

Civil Service Examinations.

The following examinations are announced by the United States Civil Service
Commission. Bulletins giving details of the examinations for positions for which
there are likely to be .1 number of qualified persons on the Isthmus are posted a1
("anal posl offices and clubhouses. In cases where such announcements are not
posted, persons interested may obtain data on application to the Civil Service
Board, Balboa Heights (telephone 286):

Locksmith (male); $1,000 a year, and $3.50 a day; No. 341-amended; November 5, 1918- form
l son-, age, 20 years and over.*

Copyist topographic draftsman (n ale and female); Sl.ioo to $2,000 a year; No. 2268-amended •
supplemental; form 1312; afce, 18 yenrs and over.ft

Editorial clei lie); $1 200 1 ear; No. 451 amended: form *04 • Octnher

20, November 24, December 15, 191 8. J ' ' w> - towr

Assistant in pathological laboi 800 a year; No. 583; form mix- age

20 years and over; Novembei 5, 1918 t

stores clerk (male and female ; Grade 1. $1,000 to $1,200; Grade 2 Sl.^OO to SI 600 -i
year; No. 2014 amendi I

Oil gauger (male); $1,200 to $1,800 ayear; orm 1312; age, 20 years and ovei Octobei !9


Assistant engineer of tests Ifemale); Grade I, $3.76, $4, and $4.24 a day Grade 2 $4 48

$4.72, and $4.96 a day; No. 565; foi I tnd over.ft ' ' '

Investigator in seed marl 10 a year; No. 569; October 29, 1918- form

21 IS; age, within reasonable age lii i1 '
Toluol expert (male); $1,800 to $3,000 a year; No. $07 amended; form.1312; age 25 years and


Industrial sp orest products (male); $1,500 to $3,500 a year- No. 572- form hi?- ace

Messenger (female); Departmi 10 to $720 a year; No. 571 ; form 304; October 27.

produi SI. 800 to S2.40!) a year; No. 570; form 2118- age within

ible age limits. ft
Plumbing draftsn day; No. 582; form 1512; October 29 1918- ace

25 J ears and over.* J '

Klevator conductor (mal* amended; supplemental; full information contained in original

announcement No. 251. §

distant engineer (male); No. 361 I 900 t«. $1 ,500 a vear; age, 25 years and over Full

information contained in announcement No. 361. Junior engineer (male); age, 20 years and over-
$900 to $1,500 a year; No 361-amendrrent.

Assistant inspector of engineerii (4.48 to $5.92 a day; instead of $4.^8 to $4 96

a day; No. 1268-amended; supplemental. Full information contained in original anr.oum eirent
No. 1268-amended.

Physician (male); No. 1957-amended; supplemental. Maximum age limits have been eliminated
Full information in regard to this examination contained in announcement No. 1957-amended.

*Nonassembled. Date given for nonassembled examination is the i-\-t day for filing applications
and they, must be in the hands of thi Washington prioi to the hour of closing bus

on thai

ved at any time until further rotice.

tM tie applii inl h ift a ssification The

•Mission will sustain objections of appointing officers to the o i „ e n

I A.
|In view of th vrice, and until further notice, subjects of countries allied with the

United States will be admitted to thi .,] Such p

may not be certified foi United States citizens on the el

Weather Conditions in September, 1918.

Ra'nfall foi the month was below normal over the Pacific section, and over t
Central section with the following exceptions: Empire, Vigi nd Daru

. the
( entral section with the following exceptions: Empire, \ I >. and Darien

On the Atlantic side the rainf 11 was telow normal at Gatun and above al Brazos
Brock and Colon. Monthly total : 91 ... U) [970

al the Gatun Rivei -• al ion.

The greatesl ai ouni of prei i] itation recorded on any one day was 3.68 inches at
- Brook on the 5th.

The aii fall over the Gatun Lake watershed, based on all available records,

was 12 i, or 4 per cent above tl e 8-year mean, and the average rainfall over

the Chagres River basin above All.ajuela was 15.29 inches, or 23 per cent above the
17-year mean,



The average air temperatures and air pressure were generally above normal. The
relative humidity and wind movement were generally below normal, while the evapora-
tion was below normal on the Atlantic side and above on the Pacific side, and over the
surface of Gatun Lake.

The elevations of Gatun Lake in feet above mean sealevel during the month were
as follows: Maximum, 85.40 on the 30th; minimum, 85.04 on the 19th; mean for
month, 85.18; evaporation from lake surface, 4.577 inches.

The following table summarizes the weather conditions for the month:







t ri




3 H 3
eg O O















c «


» o



M o

'3 £








Sep. 29


Sep. 15









Sep. 9




Sep. 19


Sep. 10









Sep. 6

*Formerly Ancon.

Comparative Wind Records— Balboa Heights and Sosa Hill, September, 1918.

The wind movement for the month of September was 64 per cent greater on Sosa
Hill than at Balboa Heights, the average hourly velocity being 9.2 miles on Sosa Hill
and 5.6 miles at Balboa Heights.

Northwest winds prevailed at both stations. The prevailing wind direction was from
the northwest or north 71 per cent of the time at Balboa Heights and 74 pet cent oi
the time on Sosa Hill.

The maximum velocities recorded during the month were 36 miles an hour from
the east on the 30th on Sosa Hill, and 27 miles an hour from the north on the 9th
at Balboa Heights.

Note. — Elevation of anemometer on Sosa Hill 35 feet above ground and 405 feet
above mean sealevel.

Elevation of anemometer at Balboa Heights 97 feet above ground and 231 feet
above mean sealevel.

At The Aspinwall.

At Hotel Aspinwall, Taboga, last week there were 52 guests. Fifty-
nine were served at breakfast on Sunday morning, 79 at dinner, and
23 at supper. The opening of school has affected the patronage of the
hotel. It is expected that this will be offset in a few weeks, however,
when the electric-light installation will be completed, and dances
may be given.

Night School.

Enrollment in the evening classes of the Balboa High School will
occur at 7 p. m., Monday, October 21, 1918. Classes offering the
following subjects will be organized: Applied or practical mathematics,
English grammar and literature, beginning and advanced Spanish,
typewriting and shorthand, and bookkeeping. A class in the history
of the Great War will be provided in case of sufficient demand.

Classes will meet from 7 to 9 twice a week in the Balboa school
building. With the exception of the Spanish, all classes will meet on
Wednesdays and Fridays, unless there is quite a number of people
wishing to take more than one subject.

The terms are $4 per month per course, payable each month in
advance. Typewriting and shorthand are given in one course.

All teachers are highly qualified.

Because the Zone is so far removed from extra-educational advan-
tages it is believed that many more than last year will realize the
unusual opportunity offered by the evening high school courses. But



one section of each class will be arranged. To be sure of a chance to
enroll you should be present the first evening. Last semester the
enrollment was 14 in English, 29 in Mathematics, 30 in Spanish, and
50 in the commercial work.


Third Liberty Loan Bonds are now being mailed out. If you have changed
your address since your application was signed last May, advise the Col-
lector's office in writing and you will receive bonds without delay.

Joint Commission.

Decision of the Umpire.

In the matter of the claim of Genarina
Perez de Icaza et al for property known
as "Chorrillo de la Pena" located in
Ancon near Panama. Amount claimed:

Decision of the Umpire, award No. 186,
docket No. 1474.

The tract of land, subject of this claim,
known as "Chorrillo de la Pena" (named
from a spring located on the property)
is situated in Ancon adjacent to the City
of Panama, and has an area of 14,600
square meters of which area 7,500 square
meters are claimed by the Panama Free-
hold Estate Company Limited.

Together with Genarina Perez de
Icaza there are the following claimants:
Clementina Perez deCaballero, Mercedes
Perez de Arias, Julio Perez, Ricardo
Perez, Eloisa Ramos, Josefina Bermudez,
and Victor Manuel Alvarado.

Both sides legally represented ap-
peared before the Joint Commission on
December 10, 1917, for the trial of this
claim which was the first to be heard
alter the appointment of the new members
<>l the Joint Commission on the part of
the Government of the United States.
During the tried an attempt was made to
continue the practice of some attorneys
before the Commission, of attacking
high officials of the Government of the
I'nited States and absent ex-members
of the Commission. Ignoring the respect
due an International Commission in
which the Government of the United
Stales is represented, the attorney for
the claimants (an American citizen) re-
ferred in abusive terms to an ex-Governor
of the Canal Zone.

Basing his estimate on speculative
values (called 1912 values) he endeavored
to convince the Commission that the
"Chorrillo de la Pena" tract should be
appraised at S6 per square meter, and
in addition the claimants should be
allowed interest at 6 per cent from 1912
up to the present time. The value then

El Arbitro de la Comision Mixta de
Tierras Estados Unidos de Ameri-
ca — Republica de Panama, Pan-

Reclamacion de Genarina Perez di
Icaza, et alii por el predio denominado
Chorrillo de la Pena situado en Ancon,
ccrca de Panama. Canlidad reclamada:

Decision del Arbitro, laudo No. 186,
expediente No. 1474.

El predio conocido con el nombre de
"Chorrillo de la Pena" (nombre derivado
de un ojo de agua existente en dichas
tierras) situado en la parte de Ancon
colindante con la ciudad de Panama,
objeto de la presente reclamacion, consta
de 14,600 metros cuadrados, de cuya area
reciama 7,500 metros cuadrados la
Panama Freehold Estate Company Lim-

Con Generina Perez de Icaza son
reclamantes ademas: Clementina Perez
de Caballero, Mercedes Perez de Arias,
Julio Perez, Ricardo Perez, Eloisa Ramos,
Josefina Bermudez, y VictOi Manuel

Ambas partes legal mente representa-
das, comparecieron en la audiencia piibli-
ca celebrada ante la Comision, para el
fallo de esta reclamacion, el dia 10 de
Diciembre de 1917, proximo pasado.

Era la primera vez que se reunia la
Comision despuesde nombrados lanuevos
Comisionados por parte del Gobierno de
los Estados Unidos.

En esta audiencia, el abogado de la
parte reclamante, pretendio reanudar
los procedimientos que Venian prevale-
ciendo en las vistas de estas reclamaciones
en las que, haciendo caso omiso del
respeto debido a un Tribunal Inter-
nacional, en el que son parte dos Na-
ciones, atacabase denigrantemente a


THE PANAMA canal record

of this property would be $87,600 and
the interest at 6 per cent from December
5, 1912, the date of the depopulation
order of the Canal Zone until December
10, 1917, when the case was heard, would
amount to $31,623.60 which addedto the
first figures makes a total of SI 19,223.60.
Tnis sum represents his valuation of
an unimproved piece of land of a link
more than one and one-half hectares in
extension, less than half of which is
available for building purposes.

On the other hand the attorney for the
Government of the United States stated
that in his opinion the "Chorrillo de
la Pena" tract was not worth more than

1 must insist upon pointing out how
injurious to t he claimants are the met Ik »ds
employed by some of the attorneys. With
reference to the abusive language used,
I have publicly and officially announi i d
my intention not to tolerate it at the
hearings over which I preside, and their
persistant efforts in placing upon these
lands a fictitious value only results in
the Commission's disregard of their
arguments, and the loss of valuable time
at the hearings. This is also a factor in
causing the Commissioners to be so
widely divided in opinion that the de-
cisions are most difficult lor the I'mpire.

The Joint Commission as now con-
stituted endeavored from the first to
maintain its dignity, and began by
seriously admonishing the attorney iii
question to refrain from making disre-
spectful comments. As a result the
hearings of the Commission have gradu-
ally changed, and are now free from dis-
respectful remarks, and the indications
of mutual concessions, respect and con-
sideration are gratifying to note.

During the course of the hearing of
the above claim this same attorney ad-
mitted that exaggerated demands were
made and stated: "There is one claim
which we ourselves filed here for $125,01)0
which I never went into very thoroughly.

elevados funcionarios del Gobierno de los
Estados Unidos, asi como a ex Miembros
de la Comision Mixta, ausentes por
consiguiente. El abogado en cuestion
(cuidadano Americano) se expreso en
terminos injuriosos respecto de un ex
Gobernador de la Zona del Canal; y
echando mano de los preciosde especu-
lacion llamados "Valores de 1912,"
pretendio convencer al Tribunal que el
valor de aquel predio era de $6 por
metro cuadrado, y que ademas debia
abonarse intereses al 6 per cent, a partir
del afio 1912.

En su consecuencia, y haciendo uso de
los guarismos facilitados por el abogado
de la parte reclamante, el valor del predio
seria de $87,600, y los intereses al 6 per
cent contandolos desde el 5 de Diciembre
de 1912, fecha de la orden de dcspoblacion
de la Zona, hast a el 10 de Diciembre
de 1917 en que tenia Iugar la vista de la
causa, representarian $31,623.60 que
sumados a la cifra anterior nos dan un
toted de $119,223.60, como precio de tin
terrcno inculto de poco mas de hectarea
y media de extension, del que solo
menos de la mitad es urbanizable.

A su turno el abogado de! Gobierno de
los Estados Unidos, declaro que en su
opinion el "Chorrillo de la Peha" no
valia mas de $500.

No me cansare de hacer notar cuan
perjudiciales son a los intereses de los
reclamantes los procedimientosempleados
por dichos abogados. Sobre su libert-
ad de lenguaje tengo publica y oficial-
mente declarado mi proposito de no
t> lerarla en las vistas que se celebren
bajo mi presidencia; y con respecto a su
insistencia pretendiendo conceder a estas
tierras un valor de que carecen, el result-
ado es que la Comision tiene que hacer
caso omiso de tales pretensiones, resul-
tando un tieni] o lastimosamente perdido
el empleado en estas audiencias, o
contribuye a distanciar Us opiniones de
los miembros de la Comision, a un ex-
tremoque es imposibleal arbitro prOcurar

La Comision Mixta tal y como esta
constituida actualmente, procuro desde
el primer moment o mantenersu prestigio,
y a dicho fin comenzo por amonestar
seriamente al abogado de referencia por
las libertades de lenguaje que se habia
permit ido; y poco a poco, encauzo todo
tie manera, que ha hecho posible una
marcha libre de asperezas, precursora de
mutuas concesiones, respeto y aprecio,
que es muy grato consignar.

El mismo abogado de la parte recla-
mante, en el trascursode la vista de esta
causa llego a declarar sin reparo lo
exagerado de sus pretensiones al con-
fesar que el mismo tenia presentada ante
al Comision Mixta una reclamacion



1 will frankly state that I do not think
it is worth one twenty-fifth of thai
amount. (Page 378 of the transcript.)

It was agreed at the trial that 7.100
square meters of the total area bel
to the claimants herein, and thai 7,500
square meters were in dispute Oct ween
the claimants and the Panama Freehold
e Company, Ltd. The Commis-
sion also agreed thai of the 14,600square
meters, 6,000 were available for building
purposes and the remaining 8,600 were
not available for building purpi

Counsel for the Government of the
ed States, as well as the attorney
representing the claimants, agreed to the
submission of this case on the evidence
as to the value adduced at the hearingof
the "San Lazaro," "Punta Mala" and
'Huerta de Vega" claims. In view of
this agreement 1 have announced that
I do not consider the opinions of the
Commission in this case necessary.
However, \\.*n. Hun New, Commis-
sioner on the part of the Government
of the United States had written a very
able opinion at the time this case was
certified to me for decision, and this
opinion will be sent to counsel for the
rnment, counsel for the claimant-,
and to the proper authorities for their

The members of the Commission have
Igreed as to the validity of claimants'
title to 7,100 square meters of the area
claimed, and they have also agreed upon
points which for the firsl time the}
have clearly set out in the certificate
of disagreement. They did not, however,
reach an agreement as to the value and
thee lined tome on that ques-

tion alone.

On September 27, 1917, I announced
intem ion to consider as final all
unanimous conclusions of the Commis-
sion, and to decide only those questions
refern d to me by reason of disagreement.
i therefore consider as final the decisions
of the Commission in the pr<
which are set out in the follow

Certificate of Disagreement.

hi the matter of the claim of Genarina
Peres de I for property known

$s Chorrillo de la Pena.

Rule No. 378, docket Xo. 1474.

Pursuant to the provisions of Article

f the Treaty between the United

- of America and the Republic of

Panama, ratified February 26,. 1904, the

Commission hereby desires to bring to

luly appointed

por Si 25,000, sobre la que no 1
hecho un estudio a fondo, que con fran
aba no valia una venti-
cincoava parte de lo rednmado (p..
378 de! testimonio).

En la vista quedo probado el derecho
de los reclamantesa 7,100 idra-

ital, quedando 7,500 en
controversial con la Panama Free'

e Company Limited. Asi mismo
quedo sent; do i . ' • la adaptibili-

dad de] terreno, que de los 14,600 metros
cuadrados, son urbanizal I y no

son los 8,600 restantes.

Estados Unid< la parte re-

nte, convinieron en que para el
avaluo del "Chorrillo de la Pena"
tuvieran en consideracion las reclama-
ciones de los predios de "San Lazaro."
"Punta Mala" y "Huerta de \
su vista he comunicado .' la Comision
no hecesitai para el fallo de la presente
n las opiniones escritas de los
Comisionados. LI Hon. Burt New. com-
isionado por el Gobierno de los Est
Unidos tenia, sin embargo, escrita su
opinion, cuando luce presente mi propo-
sing Dicho brillante informe debera*
viarse, como referencia, a 1' s abogados
del < iobierno de los Estadi <- Un
de la parte reclamante y a las autoridades

Los miembros de la Comision Mixta
han reconocido la validez del titulo de los

Online LibraryIsthmian Canal Commission (U.S.Panama Canal record (Volume v.12(1918-19)) → online text (page 19 of 101)