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Panama Canal record (Volume v.16 1922-23) online

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14,210

273,293


10,673
220,732

6,527
26,307
24,682
12,177
24,186

8,736
11,063
26,571
59,806
14,318

3,811

13,927

342,777


6,743
137,791

3,905
18,139
15,302

7,467
15,107

5,397

7,277
17,167
37,837

7,446

2,784

10,596

212,598


9,945.00
174,479.64

3,857.50
19,742.50
19,855.40

9,356.25
18,617.50

6,653.75

9,160.00
21,610.55
46,932.80

6,4.58.55

2,370.00

12,755.00

266,311.62


16,452




225,169


Chilean

Danish
Dutch

French .
German
Greek..

Italian

Japanese

Norwegian ...

Peruvian

Spanish

Swedish


382
37,236
32,681
15,561
19,117
14,238
10,769
26,985
80,172
7.412
4.859
17.934


United States


416.515






Totals, November, 1922. . . .


146


509,920


642,317


806,293
753,395


505,556


628,106.06


925.482


Totals, October, 1922


135


482,402


597,940


476,980


597,670.09


880,788


Totals, November, 1921....


99


322,430


403,394


512,416


323,278


394,839.63


468.759


Combined traffic.

Belgian

British

Chilean

Danish .

Dutch

French

German

Greek. .

Italian

Japanese


2
86
4
8
9
3
10
2
3

14
16
5
7
1
4
120


7.956
317,350

6,175
24,908
29,601
11,123
27,983

5,523
10,034
57,808
54,067
10,817

8,881

1,896

13,293

474,913


9,536
389,265
10,676
32,788
42,162
14,174
37,687

7,338
12,036
67,688
66,630
11,791
17,013

2,310

18,110

598,076


10,673
487,669
13,054
38,444
46,593
17,973
45,996
8,736
16,551
87,835
84,846
16,094
26,770
3,811
17,732
746,709


6,743
305,270

7,810
25,670
28,861
11,156
28,207

5,397
10,553
56,613
53,531
10,090
13,723

2,784

13,429

464,996


9,945.00
375,484.66

7,715.00
29,757.09
36,907.90
13,903.75
34,978.75

6,653.75
13,292.50
69,611.63
67,337.80
13,403.05
11,082.30

2,370.00

16,616.25

555,377.11


16.453
378.635
2,179
43.665
46.004
16.721
34,107
14,238
11,705
67,011


Norwegian


103.062


Panaman .«


6.000


Peruvian


8.758


Spanish


4,859


Swedish

United States


22.449
651,015


Totals, November, 1922


294


1,062,725


1,337,280


1,669,486


1,044,833


1,264,436.54


1,426,860


Totals, October, 1922


294


1,049,258


1,310,392


1,652,435


1,042,966


1,255,508.00


1,445,868


Totals, November, 1921 ....


222


753,697


942,411 |l, 184, 157

1


752,886


923,048.70


855,440



A further classification of the commercial traffic through the Canal during Novem-
ber follows:



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



253





Atlantic to Pacific.


Pacific to Atlantic.




No.

of

ships.


Panama
Canal net
tonnage.


ToUe.


No.

of

ships.


Panama
Canal net
tonnage.


ToUs.


Freight and passenger ships:


109
15


484,349
67,510


8469,210.05
54,188.65


128


542,185


$533,590.30


Ballast




Tankers:


5
16


25,313
101,673


26,195.00
73,448.28


13
5


75,124
25,008


76,510.00


Ballast


18,005.76










1
2


16,037
81


13,237.50








Tugs


51.00








Totals


148


694,963


636,330.48


146


642.317


628,106.06




138
8
2


658,104

34,992

1,867


601,059.48

33,842.50

1,428 50


135

10

1


591,366

50,879

72


578,872.31




49,155.00


Motor schooners


78.75


Totals


148


694,963


636,330.48


146


642,317


628,106.06



VESSELS WITHOUT CARGO.



The number of ships in ballast transiting the Canal, exclusive of warships and other
noncargo-carrying vessels, is shown in the following tabulation:





Atlantic to Pacific.


Pacific to Atlantic.




No.

of

ships.


Panama
Canal net
tonnage.


Tolls.


No.

of

ships.


Panama
Canal net
tonnage.


Tolls.


Freight and passenger ships:


7
1
1
2
4

3
13


34,620
3,477
5,979
8,151

15,283

13,753
87,920


?27,034.56
2,503.44
4,304.88
9,081.25
11,264.52

9,902.16
63,546.12








































Tankers:
British


4

1


18J)62
6, '946


13,004.64


United States


5,001.12


Totals


31


169,183




127,636.93


5


25,008


18,005.76









The 2 Panaman vessels listed above paid tolls at the laden rate owing to their
carrying more fuel than the maximum amount allowed at the ballast rate.

NONCOMMERCIAL TR.IFFIC.

The following statement shows the tonnage of and amount of cargo carried by
vessels transiting the Panama Canal free of tolls during November, 1922. If tolls
had been assessed against these vessels at commercial rates, the amounts paid would
have been approximately as indicated. The statement also shows the number and
tonnage of small launches and miscellaneous nonseagoing craft transiting the Canal;
these launches, although paying tolls, are excluded from the statements of commercial
traffic:



U. S. Navy vessels:



Brig.

Cruisers

Submarine.

Transport

Mine planter

Tugs

U. S. Army vessels:

Transport

Mine planter.

Launches

Coa&t and Geodetic Survey ship.



Totals.



Atlantic to Pacific.



No.

of

ships.



Tonnage.



■500
= 166
'7,600
'845
'3,453
■4,400
'2,500



'3,908
"312



14 17,389.35



ToUs.



$250.00
207.50
3,800.00
422.50
4,361.25
2,200.00
1,250.00

4,885.00



13.10



Pacific to Atlantic.



No.

of

ships.



Tonnage.



■7,600



■33,800
■4,400
■2,450



'46
34
115



ToUs.



$3,800.00



16,900.00
2,200.00
1,225.00



57.50

2.25

143.75



24,328.50



' Displacement tonnage.



' Registered net tonnage.



3 Panama Canal net tonnage.



254



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



The vessels listed above as transiting the Canal free of tolls carried cargo as follows:

Tons.

Atlantic to Pacific 4,493

facific to Atlantic 3,370

STATEMENT OF TERMINAL OPERATIONS.



Details of the business transacted at the Atlantic and Pacific terminals of the
Panama Canal during the month of November, 1922, are shown in the following
tabulations: '



Cristobal.



Balboa.



Local cargo arriving tons

Local cargo shipped tons

Transit cargo arriving tons

Transit cargo clearing tons

Cargo received for t.''ans3hipment tons

Cargo transshipped tons

Vessels supplied with bunker coal:

U. S. Army vessels

Commercial, other tlian Panama Railroad vessels

Panama Railroad vessels



Total vessels supplied with coal



Coal supplied to above vessels:

U. S. Army vessels ■ tons

Commercial, other than Panama Railroad tons.

Panama Railroad vessels tons



Total coal supplied to vessels.



.tons.



Coal issues, miscellaneous:

Panama Canal departments tons.

V. S. Army, excepting ves-sels tons.

Individuals and companies. tons.

Total coal issues from Panama Canal deposits:

November, 1922 ' tons.

October, 1922 tons.

November, 19f 1 tons.

Coal on hand, December 1, 1922 tons.

Coal on hand, November 1, 1922 tons.

Borrowed from U. S. Navy tons .

Fuel oil issues from Panama Canal tanks:

Panama Canal departments bbls

Panama Railroad Co bbls.

U. S. Army and Navy bbls

Total issues and sales bbls.

Fuel oil on hand, December 1, 1922 ' bbls.

Fuel oil on hand, November 1, 1922 bbls.

Fuel oil received in November, 1922 bbls.

Transferred from manifold bbls

Borrowed from West India Oil Co bbls.

Returned to West India Oil Co bbls,

Diesel oil issued during November, 1922 bbls .

Diesel oil sold during November, 1922 bbls.

Diesel oil on hand, December 1, 1922 tons.

Transferred to manifold bbls.

Oil pumped for individuals and companies bbls

Miscellaneous transfers bbls.

Total oil handled bbls.

Admeasurement certificates of vessels:

U. S. equivalent issued or made

Measured for Panama Canal net tonnage

Remeasured for Panama Canal net tonnage

Panama Canal net tonnage corrected

U. S. equivalent tonnage corrected

Services for harbor equipment:
Tugs, total operating hours .
Launches, total operating hours
Scows, total operating hours



42,450

3,137

1,463,669

1,457,660

18,547

18,256



24,590

7,421

1,449,635

1.458,735

424

1,030



38

12.886

800



13,724



277
203
241



14,445
14,671
15,878



105,352
119,797



7,650

213

1,319



9,182



48,921
58,103



19
33

44,969



246,608

25.380

281,222



356
1,210



53
2,023



2,076



2,108
1,639
1,962



1,219



19,670

74



19,744



82,885

34.210

68,569

23

58

231



853
24



210,420
'305^652



189

1,219

48



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



255





Cristobal.


Balboa.


Total.


Revenues from tug aervice, pilotage, etc.:


$10,600.00

1,424.00

12,091.00

4,872.00


$5,390.00
1,817.00
5,157.00
4,824.00
4,108.90
150.00
698.00


$15,990 00




3,241.00




17,248 00




0,696 00




4,108.90




50.00
1,885.35


200.00




2,583 35






Vessels repaired at Pauama Canal shops:


24^'
5
10


17

6
26


41




11




36






Vessels dry-docked:


3

2


3

7


6




9








190
193


165
167


355




360







ALL VESSELS ENTERING AND CLEARING PORT.

The following statement shows the number and tonnage of all vessels entering
and clearing the terminal ports of the Canal during November, 1922:





Port of Cristobal.


Port of Balboa.




No.
of

ships.


Registered

gross
tonnage.


Registered

net
tonnage.


No.
ships.


Registered

gross
tonnage.


Registered

net ]:
tonnage. '


Ships entering.
All vessels, including those transiting Canal
Vessels entering port but not transiting the


361
63

57


2,000,880^
267,583
280,477


1,268,410
163,910
167,286


312
11
44


1,751,567
49,782
202,070


1,099,780
31,666


Vessels transiting Canal and handling passen-


125,263






Ships clearing.
All vessels, including those transiting Canal
Vessels entering port but not transiting the

Canal

Vessels transiting Canal and handling passen-


352
55
55


1,978,731
262,501
259,152


1,253,917
159,248
154,605


312
10
44


1,760,054
49„625
202,070


1,104,186
31,509
125,263












1







MOVEMENT OF PASSENGERS.

. The following statemen.t shows the number of passengers arriving and embarking
at Canal ports during the month of November, 1922:





At Cristobal.


At Balboa.




First-
class.


Others.


Total.


First-
class.


Others.


Total.


Disembarking:


1,043
113


848
60


1,891
173


4

87


38


4


From Pacific ports


125


Total disembarking


1,156


908


2,064


91


38


129


Embarking:


731


837


1,56S

23i










203 34


60


113


173










Total embarking


934


871


i,8o;


60


113


173


Remaining on board vessels:


1,039

284
397


1,678
392
741


2,61.

676

1,138


927
364


2,027
481


2,954




845








11


556


567












Total remaining on board


1,720


2,711


4,431


1,302


3,064 4,366




2,876
2,654


3,619
3,582


6,495
6,23(:


1,393
1,362


3,102
3,177


4,495




4,539







256



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



COMMISSARY SALES TO VESSELS.

The following is a statement of commissary sales to all vessels during the month
of November, 1922:





Ice.


Cold
storage.


Groceries.


Laundry.


Miscel-
laneous.


Total.


Sales at Cristobal to:


$170.55

4.05

720.20


$917.52
2,284.05
9,596.08


$443.25

7.01

3,767.61




$116.85

373.90

1,116.85


$1,948.17
2 669 91










15,200,74






Total sales, Novem-
ber 1922


894.80


12,798.55


4,217.87




1,907.60


19,818.82






Total sales, October,
1922


1,095.83


15,693.18


4,375.96




1,420.17


22,585.14






Total sales, Novem-
ber, 1921


1,449.64


21,260.75


5,296.31




1,528.98


29,535.68






Sales at Ballioa to:

U. t>. Government vessels. .


125.23
287.70


9,661.00
4,490.02


1,040.40
834.68


$30.85


416.38
1,097.86


11,273.86
6,710 26








Total sales, Novem-
ber, 1922


412.93


14,151.02


1,875.08


30.85


1,514.24


17.981.12


Total sales, October,
1922


334.06


15,854.09


5,914.93


379.80


1,105.04 23,787.92




Total sales, Novem-
1921...


365.22


6,015.29


598.34


2,882.26


198.64


10,059.75





LOCK OPERATION.

The following tabulations show the number of lockages, number of vessels passing
through the locks, and the consumption of water for lockages, during the month of
November, 1922, as compared with the preceding month and with the corresponding
month of last year:



NUMBER OP LOCKAGES.





Commercial.


Noncommercial.


Comparative
grand totals.




North.


South.


Total.


North.


South.


Total.


Nov.
1922.


Oct.
1922.


Nov.
1921.




145
147
1,47


142
146
145


287
293
292


8
13
11


5
13
13


13
26
24


300
319
316


297
319
317


226




256




255






Number of vessels put tlu-ough locks.


149
147
147


150
148
148


299
295

295


13

30-
33


15

27
33


28
57
66


327
352
361


344
357
357


258
300

298









CLASSIFICATION OP NONCO."HMEKCUL VESSELS.



Gatun.



Miguel. Miraflorea.



U. S. Army and Navy vessels.
Canal equipment



The total consumption of water for lockages, maintenance, and loss in leakage was
as follows:





Gatun.


Pedro
Miguel.


Miraflores.


Lockages


Cubic feet.
1,222,670,000
25,000,000


Cubic feet.
1,187,890,000
22,000,000


Cubic fsel.
943,300,000
20,000,000
4,920,008










Total consumption, November, 1922


1,247,670,000


1,209,890,000


968,220 000






Total consumption, October, 1922


1,217, 140, OOU


1,173,170,000


987,390,000




Total consumption, November, 1921


869,420.000


894,560,000


850,440,000



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



257



In the following tabulation the meteorological and hydrographic conditions over
the Canal Zone and vicinity during themonthof November, 1922, are shown incom-
parative form:



RainfaU.



November,
1922.



November,
1921.



November — Years of Record.



Maximum. Minimum. | Mean.



Total rainfall for month:

PacificSestion

Central Section

Atlantic Section

Maximtmi recorded on any one day.

Gatun Lake watershed

Chasrcs River watershed above Alhajiieiii .. ..
Maiimum recorded for mouth at any one point.
Minimum recorded for month at any one point

Hydrogra-phi).

Discharge of Chagres River at Alliajuela

Maximum momentary di.-icharge for the month

Gatun Lake watershed total yield

Gatun Lake watershed net yield

Draft on Gatun Lake for loekages and power . . .



Inches.

11.62
12.34
17.77

8.83
13.1.5
15. 'JD
33 94

3.53

C. f. s.

5,875
35,995
14,273
13,869

2,265



Inches.

7.59
12.08
23.25

9.35
15.00
18.95
33.29

3.45

C. f. s.

4,176
24,950
12,061
11,660

2,125



Inches.

19.62
30.40
38.48
■ 10.86
35.74
40.48
45.03



Inches.

5.64
7.47
6.70



9.60
9.15



2.87



C. /. s.
11,300
170,000
24,488
23,950
2,348



C. f. 8.
2,267



8,673

7,995

537



Inches.



10.55
13.82
21.62

14^50
17.98



C.f. 8.



4,642



13.490
13,010
1.751



■ This represents the maximum 24 hour rainfall recorded on the Canal Zone and immediate vicinity since Amer-
ican occupation. Recorded at Porto Bello on December 28-29, 1909. " This figure represents the maximum momen-
tary discharge on record, occurring on December 26, 1909.

Note. — Camgandi, Gulf of San Bl us, is included in this report, having the maximum daily and montUy rainfall
for the current month.

SEISMOLOGY.

Seismic tremors were recorded on the 7th, 10th, 1 1th, and 17th.

ELECTRICAL — POWER AND WORK.

The gross output of the Gatun hydroelectric station and of the Miraflores steam
plant, the power distributed to consumers, the loss of power in transmission, etc.,
are shown in the following tabulation:







November,


October,


November,






1922.


1922.


1921.


Gross output, K. W. H.:










Gatun hydroelett.ic station.




4,378,700


4,359,800


4,853.900


Miraflores steam plant




5,890


70


400


Power distibuted to tonsumers


KWH


3,782,968


3,739,916


4,137.872


Loss of power in plant auxiliaries, transmission


and trans-








(« ' f onnati on


KWH..


601,622


619,954


716.428






13.72


14.21


17.3


Water consumption


I'ubic feet .


3,460,786,062


3,455,426,514


3,779.696,146




barrels. .


1,419


1,381


1,827







SHOP, FOUNDRY, AND DRY DOCK WORK.

During the month miscellaneous repairs were made on 39 vessels at Cristobal and
49 at Balboa. Of these, 5 were placed in dry dock at Cristobal, and 10 at Balboa.
The more important repair work performed included the follows: The U. S. S. 0—11
was docked, cleaned and painted; strut bearings were examined, stern tube clear-
ances taken and minor repairs made to hull; sea valves were ground; gauges, volt-
meters, and ammeters were calibrated; superstructure flood and vent valves removed
and the superstructure made free flooding; additional impulse tank in superstructure
was installed; hydroplanes were removed and openings in hull closed; large bow
planes were installad; renewed bridge deck around periscope and cut-water, as well
as plates on sides.of superstructure. *

The submarine 0-13 was docked and a program of overhaul and alterations com-
menced similar to those performed on the 0-14 and 0-16.

Rudder repairs were made to the tug boat Manner, the stern frame welded in two
places and the low pressure cylinder bushed. •

The dredge Gamboa was docked and the pontoons lowered into place for widening
her hull.

Alterations to the crane boat La Valley were well advanced.

On the steamship Belhore a welding job was performed comparable to the welding
repairs made on the seized German steamers, which attracted so much attention
during the World War. This vessel developed cracks on each side of her starboard high



258



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



pressure cylinder, extending through the cylinder walls and running back into the
valve chest. The longest of these cracks was about 2 feet long. The cylinder was
effectively welded in place by the electric process and held the full boiler pressure
tightly.

During the month construction was completed of the motor car train for Panama-
Pedro Miguel service. Motor car No. 7 was altered by enlarging the chassis, con-
structing a large passenger body, and altering the drive proper to the new service.
A trailer was constructed, the running gear built from parts of old French rolling stock.
The combined unit seats about 60 passengers, and will readily make 45 miles per
hour on tangent level track, and 25 miles per hour over Summit Hill.

The output of the foundry in patterns and castings for November, 1922, as com-
pared with the preceding month, was as follows:





November, 1922.


October, 1922.




Patterns.


Castings.


Pounds.


Patterns.


Castings.


Pounds.




2
1


230
169
327


18,271
7,683
3,887


6

6
8


302
129
375


20,056


Steel


13,965




4,477









The following is a statement of all jobs and blanket orders issued and completed
during the month:





Uncompleted
November 1.


.'Vutborized in
November.


Completed in
November.


Uncompleted
November 31.




450
347


546


573


423




347











MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING.



The total output of all pumping stations and of the three filtration plants, the
amount of water consumed by the cities of Panama and Colon, and sales of water
to vessels are shown below in comparative form:



November,
1922.



October,
1922.



November,
1921.



Pumping stations

Filtration plants

Water consumed by Panama City

Water consumed by Colon

Sales of water to vessels



GalloM.

634,710,000

359,932,000

84,945,000

56,028,-500

7,811,311



Gallons.

655,199,000

374,462,000

85,529,000

59,548,750

7,983,967



Gallons.

648.258,750

382,858,000

93,862,000

48,221,250

10,220,274



A slight general surface movement, which started in the month of October, con-
tinued during the month over nearly the entire areas of East and West Culebra
slides, due to e.xcessive rains, which blocked the surface drains. Only a small amount
of material reached the Canal prism, which was kept clear by the dredges performing
regular maintenance work. Cucaracha and Barge Repair slides have been quiescent
during the entire month. There was no interference with Canal traffic from slides
during the month.

The total e.xcavation during the month of November, 1922, including earth and
rock, was 402,200 cubic yards, as follows:



Cubic


Classified as —


Character
p of work.


Stations.


Equipment.


yards.


Earth.


Rock.


14,300


1,300

lUO

4,300

430

71,250

8,400
222,000


13,000

900

39,100

i,;i50

36,850
3,200


Maintenance

Maintenance

Maiptenance

Maintenance

Maintenance

Maintenance

Maintenance


GaillardCut.




1,000
43.400


Powderhouse slide


Gamboa.


1,800


West Culebra slide




108,100






11,600


Pacific Entrance.
East and west side of Canal




222,000


East and west side of Canal


No. 86.








402,200


307,800


94,400





THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



259



The material excavated at the various stations was disposed of as follows:



Cubic
yards.



Dumped in Gatun Lake, north of Gamboa

Dumped at sea, Pacific entrance

Filla, east and west sides of Canal, Pacific entrance

Total



168, 60'.

11. (inn

222,001

402,2(1(1



VITAL STATISTICS.

A total of 155 deaths occurred during the month of November, 1922, among the
total population of the Canal Zone and the cities of Panama and Colon, which is
equivalent to an annual death rate of 15.13 per thousand. The leading causes of
death were nephritis (chronic and acute) 24, tuberculosis 21, organic disease of the
heart 14, pneumonia (broncho and lobar) 10, diarrhea and enteritis (under 2 years'-
10.

Of the total deaths, 63, or 40.6 per cent, occurred among children under 5 years of
age. There were 14 deaths among nonresidents of the Isthmus. These are not
included in the above statistics.

There were 312 live births reported during the month, and 10 still births. Includ-
ing stillbirths, this is equivalent to an annual birth rate of 30.46 per thousand popula-
tion. Deaths among children under 1 year of age numbered 51, giving an infant
mortality rate, based on the number of births reported for November, of 163.4 per
thousand live births.

Fifteen cases of malaria were reported from Panama, 8 from Colon, 61 from the
Canal Zone, and 40 originating outside of our sanitary jurisdiction. Of these cases
10 were employees, 43 soldiers and sailors, and 71 were not in the service of the
United States. There were no deaths from malaria during the month.

OCCUPANTS OF QUARTERS.

Occupants of Panama Canal and Panama Railroad quarters, shown in compara-
tive form, were as follows:





As of November 30


, 1922.


Comparative totab.




Men.


Women.


Children.


November,
1922.


October,
1922.


November,
1921.


.Americans


2,295

86

4,022


1,831

30

2,670


1.999

75

5,874


6,125

191

12,566


5,771

215

12,. 539


7,081

275

12,711




West Indians




Totals, November, 1922.


6,403


4,531


7,948


18.882












Totals, October, 1922


6,201


4.458


7,766




18,525




Totals, November, 1921


7,612


4,658


7,797






20,067









The following tabulation shows the number of gold and silver employees as of
November 15, 1922, with a comparison of the working force for the preceding month
and that of November, 1921 :



Operation and Maintenance:

Oliice

J'lectrical

.Municipal Engineering

Lock Operation

Dredging

Mechanical

Marine

Fortifications

Totals

Supply Department:

Quartermaster

Subsistence

Commissary

Cattle Industry— Plantations

Hotel Washington

Transportation

Totftla



As of November 15, 1922.



Gold.



26
142

73
157
132
328
155

31



1,044



135



157
6



344



Silver.



35
140

511
523
769
627
400
85



3.090



876
70

756

141
78

138



2,060



Total.



61
282
584
680
901
955
555
116



4,134



1,011
76
913
147
86
170



3,403



Total employees.



October,
1922.



60
276



913
895
563
112



4.095



November,
1921.



315
614
727
873
1,219
534
222



4,566



1,050


1,237


74


251


923


1,113


142


I8u


84


91


173





2.446



3,872



260



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD





As of November 15, 1922.


Total employees.




Gold.


Silver.


Total.



Online LibraryIsthmian Canal Commission (U.S.Panama Canal record (Volume v.16 1922-23) → online text (page 33 of 94)