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Isthmian Canal Commission (U.S..

Panama Canal record (Volume v.16 1922-23) online

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205
204
204


216
207
207


421
411
411


18
46
34


38


35

92

72


456
503
483


266
300
303


283


Pedro Miguel >


336




312







CLASSIFICATION OP NONCOMMERCIAL VESSELS.



Gatun.



Pedro
Miguel.



Miraflores.



U. S. Army and Navy vessels.
Panama Canal equipment. . . .»



The total consumption of water for lockages, maintenance, and loss in leakage was
as follows:





Gatun.


Pedro

Miguel.


Miraflores.




Cubic f^et.
1,500,620,000
30,000,000


Cubic feet.
1,340,480,000
3,900,000
12,440,000


Cubic feet.
1,338,740,000




20,000,000




7,490,000










1,530,620,000


1,356,820,000


1.366,230,000






Total consumption, April, 1922


913,900,000


915,390,000


769,620,000








911,560,000


837,920,000


822,850,000







I



METEOROLOGY AND HYDROGRAPHY.

In the following tabulation the meteorological and hydrographic conditions over
the Canal Zone and vicinity during the month of April, 1923, are shown in compara-
tive form:



Rainfall.


April,
1923.


April,
1922.


April-


-Years of Record.


Maximum.


Minimum.


Mean.


Total rainfall for month:


Inches.

.64

.53

2.28

1.05

1.38

2.37

5.93

.00


Inches.

.41

.47

2.64

1.32

1.15

2.02

4.13

.00


Inches.
7.70
. 9.12
12.83
• 10.86
12.00
16.06
21.73


Inches.
.06
.27
1.18


Inches.
3.36




3.57




5.38








.87
.51


4.11




4.34






Minimum recorded for month at any 1 point


.00





Note. — This report does not include Bocas del Toro.

' This represents the maximum 24-hour rainfall recorded on the Isthmus since .'American occupation. Recorded
at Porto Bello on December 28-29, 1909.



542



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



RainfaU.



April,
1923.



April,
1922.



April — Years of Record.



Maximum. Minimum. Mean.



Hydroorapht/.

Discharge of Chagres River at Alhajuela

Maximum momentary discharge for the month

Gatun Lalie watershed total yield

Gatun Lake watershed, net yield

Draft on Gatun Lalie for lockages and power. .



C. f. s.

558

1,245

676

-185

2,371



C. /. s.

834
5,300
1,178

210
2,069



C. f. s.
3,140
= 170,000
6,263
5,400
2,371



C.f. 8.
304



C. /. s.



1,019



328

-706

3 1,019



1,861

1,111

U,730



Note. — This report does not include Bocas del Toro.

' This figure represents the ma.ximum momentary discharge on record, December 26, 1909.
April, 1914.

SEISMOLOGY.



• Not including



Five slight seismic tremors were recorded during the month, 1 on the 24th, and
4 on the 29th.

ELECTRICAL — POWER AND WORK.

The gross output of the Gatun hydroelectric station and of the Miraflores stearri
plant, the power distributed to consumers, the loss of power in transmission, etc.,
are shown in the following tabulation:



April,
1923.



April,
1922.



April,
1921.



Gross output, KWH:

Gatun hydroelectric station

Miraflores steam plant

Power distributed to consumbers ._ KWH.

Loss of power in plant au-dliaries, transmission and trans-
formation KWH.

Per cent of loss of power to gross output

Water consumption cubic feet.

Oil consumption barrels.



4,324,900

200

3,757,755

567,345

13.11

3,305,507,335

1,050



4,471,000

250

3,743,444

727,806

16.27

3,589,299.000

2,009



5,660,900

39.290

4.776.562

923,628

16.20

4.239,320,000

2.135



Miscellaneous electrical repairs and installations of electrical equipment were
made on 12 vessels during the month. There were 247 work orders issued for work
to be performed by the Electrical Division during the month as compared with 257
for April of last year.

SHOP, FOUNDRY, ANT) DRY DOCK WORK,

During the month miscellaneous repairs were made on 48 vessels at Cristobal and
42 vessels at Balboa shops. Of these, 13 were placed in dry dock at Cristobal and
9 at Balboa.

The more important repair work performed during the month included the follow-
ing: The general overhauling of the steamship Colon was carried forward and prac-
tically all of the dismantling work was completed. The crank and thrust shafts and
various auxiliary units sent to the shops were worked upon, and preparations made
for installing the new boilers.

Temporary repairs were made to the damaged bottom of the steamship G. Harrison
Smith, such as to enable her to proceed on her way without being dry-docked.

The steamship Olockson was removed from its anchorage in Panama Bay, towed to
Balboa shops, and the necessary repairs and bulkheading carried out to permit towing
of the vessel to the States.

The schooners Alva, Linda S., and Laura C. Hall, were dry-docked, cleaned, and
bottoms painted, and faulty timbers in bottom renewed.

The tugs Tavernilla and PortoBello were dry-docked, cleaned, and bottoms painted;
new propellers installed; engines, pumps, and valves overhauled.

The output of the foundry in patterns and castings, as compared with the preced-
ing month, was as follows:





April, 1923.


March, 1923






Patterns.


Castings.


Pounds.


Patterns.


Castings.


Pounds.




9
3
11


228
213
525


26,109
17.731
5,816


22


395
112

672


25,381




13.143




12


7.451







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



543



A total of 557 job orders were completed during April, leaving 489 unfinished at
the close of the month. Two blanket orders were authorized during the month,
leaving a total of 347 standing orders for work to be performed, April 30, 1923.



MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING.



The total output of all pumpmg stations and of the 3 filtration plants, the amount
of water consumed by the cities of Panama and Colon, and the sales of water to
vessels, are shown below in comparative form:



Pumping stations

Filtration plants

Water consumed by Panama City

Water consumed by Colon

Salea of water to vessels



April,
1923.



Gallons.
708,093,250
417,145,000
91,143,000
67,513,750
9,784,860



April,
1922.



Gallons.

658,810,000

380,175,000

78,703,000

58,159,750

10,616,628



April,
1921.



Gallons.
783,872,250
479,176,000
97,213,000
60,558,750
10,983,210



DREDGING.

The East and West Culebra slides have shown but slight movements during the
month. A total of 76,200 cubic yards of material was removed from the basin at the
foot of East Culebra slide, making a grand total of 810,200 cubic yards removed from
both basin and prism, as a consequence of the slide of December 21, 1922. All other
slides, including Cucuracha, have been quiescent during the month. A navigable
channel of 37 feet was maintained, in spite of a considerable lowering of the Lake
level (from +84.24, April 1, to +82.78, May 1). There was no interference with
Canal traffic during the month.

The total excavation during April, was 377,336 cubic yards, as follows:



Cubic
yards.



Classified as-



Earth. Rock



48,400

12,850

71,200

29,150

250

6,200

2,150

5,200

1,000

68,400

46.900

84.700

936



2,400

5,150

23,700

8,700

250

2,500

700

2,100

400

68,400

46,900

84,700

936



46,000

7,700

47,500

20,450



3,700

1,450

3,100

600



Character
of work.



Maintenance.
Maintenance.
Main trance.
Maintenance.
Maintenance.
Maictenanee.
Maintenance.
Maintenance.
Maintsnance
Maintenance.
Maintenance.

Auxiliiry

Auxiliary. ...



Station.



La Pita Improvement project

East Culebra slide — Gailkrd Cut. . .
East Culebra slide — GaiUard Cut. . .
We:t Culebra slide — Gaillard Cut. . .

Cucuracha slide — GaiUard Cut

Lirio (Ea;t)— Gaillurd Cut

Lifio (East.)— GaiUard Cut

Barge Hepsir (Ea.'it}— Gaillard Cut.

Gatun Lake

North of Pedro Miguel Locks

Pa'itic Entrance

Balboa Inner Harbor

Dredging sand at Chame



Equipment.



Gamboa.
Gamboa.
Cascadas.
Cascadas.
Cascadas.
Cascadas.
Gamboa,
Gamboa.
Gamboa.
No. S6.
No. 86.
No. 86.
La Valley.



VITAL STATISTICS.

A total of 129 deaths occurred during the month of April, 1923, among the pop-
ulation of the Canal Zone, and the cities of Panama and Colon, which is equivalent
to an annual death rate of 12.59 per thousand. The leading causes of death were:
tuberculosis 19; nephritis (acute and chronic) 13; pneumonia (broncho and lobar)
12; diarrhea and enteritis, 10; cancer (various organs) 9; organic diseases of the
heart, 8. Of the total deaths, 36, or 28 per cent, occurred among children under
5 years of age. There were 9 deaths among nonresidents of the Isthmus; these are
not included in the above statistics.

There were 232 live births reported during the month, and 19 stillbirths. Includ-
ing stillbirths, this is equivalent to an annual birth rate of 24.49 per 1,000 population.
Deaths among children under 1 year of age numbered 24, giving an infant mortality
rate of 103.45 per 1,000 live births.

The total number of malaria cases reported during the month was 47. Of these
4 cases were reported from Panama City, 1 from Colon, 32 from the Canal Zone,
and 10 originated outside of our sanitated area. Of the total, 2 were employees, 21
nonemployees, and 24 were Army and Navy.

OCCUPANTS OF QUARTERS.

The number of persons occupying Panama Canal and Panama Railroad quarters,
shown in comparative form, was as follows:



544



THE PANAMA CANAL RECOKD





As of April 30, 1923.


Comparative totals.




Men.


Women.


Children.


April,
1923.


April,
1922.


April,
1921.




2,348

74

4,166


1,904

28

2,702


2,044

68

5,898


6,296

170

12,766


6,347

234

12,311


8,033




260




11,814






Totals, April 1923


6,588


4,634


8,010


19,232












Totals April 1922


6,549


4,502


7,841




18,892










Totals April 1921


8,148


4,561


7,398






20,107











WORKING FORCE.



The following tabulation shows the number of gold and silver employees as of
April 18, 1923, by departments, together with a comparison of the working force for
the preceding month, and that of April, 1921:





As
April IS


of
, 1923.


Total employees.




Gold.


Silver.


April,
1923.


March,
1923.


April,
1922.


Operation and Maintenance:

Office


30
146

71
180
138
322
160

15


53
225
591
593
833
667
465
175


83
371
662
773
971
989
625
190


83
373
542
825
948
961
605
118


83




310




571




759




728




895


Marine

Fortifications . •


544
259






Totals


1,062


3.602


4,664


4,455


4,149


Supply Department:


35
133

7

158

7

8


154
945

99
800
321

89


189
1,078
106
958
328
97


187
1,054

141
1,082

325

100


173




925




210




933


Cattle Industry — Plantations

Hotel Washington


404
91






Totals


348


2,408


2,756


2,889


2,736








182
215
466


8
705
256


190
920

722


189
925
721


184




945




736






Totals


863


969


1,832


1,835


1,865


Panama Railroad Company:

Superintendent


46
64

77
69


247
107
696
716


293
171
773
785


333
174
869
723


266
164




741


Coaling Stations


617






Totals


256


1,766


2,022


2,099


1,788






Grand totals, April, 1923


2,529


8,745


11,274













Grand totals, March, 1923


2,533


8,745




11,278


1




1


Grand totals, April, 1922


2,598


7,940






10.53i











RECEIPTS AND SALES OF MATERIALS AND SUPPLIES.

The total value of material ordered on United States requisitions and receive
on the Isthmus, cash sales from stock, etc., during the month, as compared with tl
preceding month and the corresponding month a year ago, were as follows:





April,
1923.


March,
1923.


April,
1922.


Material received on U. S. requisitions:


$122,876.30
2,873.95


$225,532.86
3,881.16


$97,145.92




1,611.94






Totals


125,750.25


229,414.02


98,757.86



1



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



545





April,
1923.


March,
1923.


April,
1922.


Cash sales on the Isthmus:

Stock

Fuel oil


818,927,58


$36,318.04

877.42

1,505.69

1,151.68


$31,646.39
25 40




4,542.55
100.00


521 37




2,391.96




Totals


23,570.13


39,852.83


34,585,12





Respectfully,

Jay J.



Morrow,

Governor.



Ships at Canal Repair Shops.



The following vessels were at Cristobal shops for repairs during
the two weeks ended May 21 : ., ,

Barge 106, drydock, renew angles on both ends of deck; steamships Solatia, make
5 piston ring castings; Devon, install copper pipe line; Parismina, straighten crank
shaft; Corinto, forge pump arm; weld slide valve; renew chock; Cristobal, fasten
eye-pads; continue chipping sides, main deck and alleyways around orlop deck; re-
metal bottom half of port after spring bearing; U. S. mine planter Graham, additional
work on main:engine and winch; steamship. Hampton Roads, make 2 piston rods,
lock nuts, bush and machine link pins; drill burner tips and braze pipe; yacht
Restless, make canvas awnings; steamship Mina Brea, (fire damage), repair steering
gear and engine; install evaporator pump over coffer dam; overhaul ballast pump;
repair 2 transfer oil pumps; repair anchor windlass; install new gauges and ther-
mometers; make whistle valve-stem; repair sanitary pipes; clean boilers, expand
tubes and repair leaky tubes; overhaul fuel valves; repair port cargo valve; over-
haul smoke box doors, furnace fronts and burner brackets; repair electrical wiring
and telegraph; install suction hose to pump oil into cofferdam; clean and white-
wash bunker bulkhead; calk leaky rivets in bunker bulkhead and settling tanks;
remove wreckage of navigation bridge; renew linoleum on floors; renew flag locker;
clean all bilges and tank tops; install compass; furnish steam, compressed air,
lights and water; repair cofferdam lid; renew screen doors and salt water showers;
tug Favorite, steamships Acajutla, Volunteer, Magunkook, Persian Prince, Alvarado,
minor repairs.

Report of Cargo Discharged and Laded by Vessels Entering and Clearing
from Port of Cristobal for Week Ending May 19, 1923.



Name of vessel.



Line or charterer.



Arrived.



Departed.



Discharged



Laded.



Reina M. Cristina

Pastores

Abangarez

Cristobal

Haarlem

Urubamba

Santa Elisa

Balboa

Drechtdyk

Leon XIII

Orita

San Beaito

Ulua

Acajutla

Cartago

Carrillo

Abangarez

Sixaola

Teno

Corinto

Hampton Roads. .

Oroya

Alvarado

Olaf L. Konsted,,



Spanish Line

United Fruit Co

United Fruit Co

Panama Railroad Steamship Line.
Royal Netherlands W. I. Mail, . . .

Peruvian Line

Grace Line

Cia. Costanera Colombiana

Holland- American Line

Spanish Line

Pacific Steam Navigation Co

United Fruit Co ,

United Fruit Co

Pacific Steam Navigation Co

United Fruit Co

United Fruit Co

United Fruit Co ,

United Fruit Co

Chilean Line

Pacific Mail Steamship Line

McAllister Bros

Pacific Steam Navigation Co

Pacific Steam Navigation Co

New Orleand & S. A. S. S. Line. . .



May 13.
May 13.
May 13.
May 13 .



May 14.
May 14.
May 15.
May 15.
May 15,
May 15,
May 15.



May 16.
May 16.
May 17,
May 17.
May 17.



May 17.
May 18,
Mavl9.
May 19.



May 13.
•May 13.
May 14.
May 19.
May 14.
May 15.
May 14.
May 15.
May 17.
May 17.
May 15.
Mav 16.
May 16.
May 16.
May 17,
Mav 17.
May 17.
May 17.
May 18.
May 18.
May 19.
May 18.



Tons.



2,436
270



(■)



32
339
167

49

6

149



(■)



705
147
21
38



8,267
55
111
59



Tons.

426
(')

173
2,306
104
193
176
5
107






i



346
869
254
165
88
80
181

1,649

(')

(0



» No cargo diecharged.-



> No cargo laded.



546



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



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Online LibraryIsthmian Canal Commission (U.S.Panama Canal record (Volume v.16 1922-23) → online text (page 73 of 94)