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Panama Canal record (Volume v.18 (1924-25)) online

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Atlantic to Pacific.


Pacific to Atlantic.


Class.


No. of

transits.


Panama
Canal net

tonnage.


Tolls.


No. of
transits.


Panama

Canal net

tonnage.


Tolls.


Tank ships:








45
2

145


274.056
7,951

672,993


.5287,854.35
5 7*>4 72




45

136
25


262.370

665,241
SI, 495


$189,462.96

644,136 75
58,885.16


General cargo ships:

Laden

Ballast


654,039.20










Totals


206


1,009,106


892,484.87


192


955,000


947,618.27




195

10

1


973,163
35,874-
69


859,072.20

33.360.92

51.75


179
13


908,474
47,474


902,767.02
44 S51 25


Motrr schooners












Totals


206


1.009.106


892,481.87


192


955.000


947,618.27



Of the 374 steamers, 117 were coal burners, 256 oil burners, and 1 burned either
coal or oil.

NONCOMMERCIAL TRAFFIC.

The following statement shows the tonnage of the 37 Government vessels which
transited the Canal free of tolls during the month of March, 1925. If tolls had been
assessed against these vessels at commercial rates the amounts would have been
approximately as indicated, with a total of vS81,048.80:



Atlantic to Pacific.



Pacific to Atlantic.



Class.



No.
of



Panama
Canal net
tonnage.



Tolls.



No.

of

ships.



Panama
Canal net
tonnage.



Tolls.



II. S. Naval vessels:

Colliers

Cruisers

Destroyers

Minesweepers. . .

Submarines

Supply ships. . .

Transports

Transports

Tugs

U. S. Army vessels:

Launches

Transports

Tugs



500
350
550
396
338
900
000
752
000

' 10
,218
J 46



§9,750.00
5 , 675 . 00
775.00
1.198.00
3,069.00
9.950.00
6,000.00
5,702.00
500.00

5.00

11,522.50

57.50



19,500



$9,750 00



'723

'906

17,726



361.50

453.00
8,863 00



' 10

■5,212

s46



5.00

6,254.40

57.50



Totals.



28



89.000



54,804.40



45,123



26,244.40



Displacement tonnage.



! Panama Canal net tonnage.



' Registered net tonnage.



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



523



The foregoing noncommercial vessels transiting the Canal during the month of
March, 1925, carried cargo as follows:



Atlantic to Pacific
Pacific to Atlantic

Totals



Tons.



27,204
3,155



30,359



The following statement shows the number of launches transiting the Canal during
the month of March, 1925; these launches although paying tolls are excluded from
the statements concerning commercial traffic:





Number.


Tonnage.


Tolls.




8
3


43
13


$34.95

9 75








11


56


44.70



STATEMENT OF TERMINAL OPERATIONS.

Details of the business transacted at the Atlantic and Pacific terminals of the
Panama Canal during the month of March, 1925, are shown in the following tabula-
tion:



Local cargo arriving tons

Local cargo shipped tons.

Transit cargo arriving tons.

Transit cargo clearing tons.

Cargo received for transshipment tons.

Cargo transshipped ; tons

Vessels supplied with bunker coal:

Commercial, other than Panama Railroad



Coal supplied to above vessels:

Commercial, other than Panama Railroad tons. .

Coal issued, miscellaneous:

Panama Canal departments tons. .

U. S. Army, excepting vessels tons. .

Individuals and companies tons. .

Returned to Navy at Cristobal tons. .

Panama Railroad tons. .

Total issues and sales tons . .

Coal on hand, April 1, 1925 tons. .

Coal on hand, March 1, 1925 tons. .

Coal received during the month tons. .

Borrowed from Navy at Balboa .tons. .

Fuel oil issued from Panama Canal tanks:

Panama Canal departments bbls . .

Panama Railroad Company bbls .

Army and Navy bbls .

Individuals and companies bbls. .



Total issues and sales.



bbls.



Fuel oil on hand, April 1, 1925 bbls.

Diesel oil sold during March, 1925 bbls.

Diesel oil on hand, April 1, 1925 bbls.

Miscellaneous transfers bbls .

Gasoline and kerosene pumped for Panama Canal bbls.

Gasoline pumped for individuals and companies bbls.

Oil pumped for individuals and companies bbls.

Total fuel oil and gasoline handled bbls.

Admeasurement of vessels:

U. S. equivalent certificates issued

Measured for Panama Canal net tonnage

Remeasured for Panama Canal net tonnage

Panama Canal net tonnage

U. S. equivalent tonnage corrected

Services of harbor equipment:

Tugs, total operating hours

Launches, total operating hours .'

Scows, total operating days



Cristobal.



57,320
15,852
2,122,179
2,105,721
29,398
25,092



29,242



263
1,357

415
59
23



31,359



67,000
79,136
19,223



8,551.73
472.05



9,023.78



59,416.68
2,100.42

35,390.09
731.000
1,784.07



558,093.71



571,732.



473
1,263 i



Balboa.



46,102

311

2,098,318

2,091,705

495

233



59



59



16,619.15



135.35
116.81



16,871.31



30,319.10



517.17
1,119.46

1,809.29

3,264.32

468,789.79



491,854.17



308 J
1,2194

5*



Totals.



103,422

16,163

4,220,497

4,197,426

29,893

25,325



29,242



318
1,361

415
59
23



31,418



67,000

79,136

19,223

59



25,170.88
472.05
135.35
116.81



25,895.09



89,735.78
2,100.42

35,907.26

1,850.46

3,593.36

3,264.32

1,026,883.50



1,063,587.15



781*

2,483

5*



524



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD





Cristobal.


Balboa.


Total.


Revenues from tug service, pilotage, etc.:


S14.018.75

17,244.00

9,776.00

1,667.00

14,094.06

205.00

1,560.60


$6,693.75
6,080.00
9.200.00
2,255.50
3,650.82


S20.712.50




23,324 00




18,976.00




3,922.50




17,744.88




205.00




309.50


1,870.10






Vessels repaired at Panama Canal shops:


34
10
10


24
12
17


58




22




27






Vessels dry docked:


4
4


2
1
8


6








8










242
247


217
217


459




464







ALL VESSELS ENTERING AND CLEARING PORT.







Port of Cristobal.




Port of Balboa.




No.

of

ships.


Registered

gross,
tonnage.


Registered

net
tonnage.


No.

of

ships.


Registered

gross
tonnage.


Registered

net
tonnage.


Ships entering.
All vessels, including those transiting Canal. .
Vessels entering pert but not transiting Canal
\ ( ! sels transiting Canal and handling passen-


488

70

86


3,047,490
419,967

536,089


1,922,548
239,762

338,841


419
9

56'


2,676,890
59,624

347,869


1,696,762
38,473

210,417


Ships clearing.
All vessels including those transiting Canal.. .
Vessels entering port but not transiting Canal .
Vessels transiting Canal and handling passen-


482
66

82


3,008,285
392,161

507,213


1,895,500

222,547

317,347


417
10

55


2,643,019
65,461

332,427


1,675,969
42,047

201,109



MOVEMENT OF PASSENGERS.





At Cristobal.




At Balboa






First-
class.


Others.


Total. *


* First-
class.


Others.


Total.


Disembarking:


9S5
217


530
93


1,515
310


50
212


31
199


81




411








1,202


623


1,825


262


230


492






Embarking:


1,090
151


566
108


! ,656

259


82
161


377
122


459




283




1,241


674


1,915


243


499


742






Remaining on board vessels:


1,021
1,021
3,272


4,092
1,226

104


5,113
2,247

3,376


2,330
1,359


3,195
1,607


5,525


From Pacific to Atlantic ports


2,966




36


495


531












Total on board ,


5,314


5,422


10,736


3,725


5,297


9,022






Total arriving


6,516
6,555


6,045
4,096


12,561
12,651


3,987
3,968


5,527
5,796


9,514
9,764







COMMISSARY SALES TO VESSELS.

Following is a statement of commissary sales to vessels during the month of March,
1925:



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



525





Ice.


Groceries.


Cold
storage.


Laundry.


Miscel-
laneous.


Totals.


Sales at Cristobal to:


$91.67
9.45

1,824.55


$474.01
32.53

7:466.79


55,266 01

1,611.40

21,422.50


S36.77
631.38
254.22


$236.58

568.60
1,857.69


$6,105.04
2 853 36














1,925.67


7,973.33


28,299.91


922.37


2,662.87


41 784 15






Total sales, March, 1924


l,3;:.j 15


7,224.32


19,188.34


762.46


1,758.97


30,269.24




Total sales, March, 1923


1,542.86


5,746.26


22,662.45




3,835.22


33,786.79




Sales at Balboa to:


278.53
570.40


3,203.93
7,865.26


11,238.02
14,051.56


106^52

63.13


2,048.17
984.92


16 875 17




23 535 27






Total sales, March, 1925


84S.93


11,039.19


25,289.58


169.65 | 3,033.09


40,410.44


Total gales, March, 1924


741.27


3,974.85


20,179.28


415 54 fi 9«n a»


31 571 32










Total sales, March, 1923


3,700.49


15 1 ■'• , , i


7° 820 75


2,610.39


20, 654. SI


115,250.14









The aggregate sales to Government vessels during the month were $22,980.21;
to Panama Railroad vessels, $2,853.36; to other commercial vessels, $56,361.02;
making the grand total of commissary sales to all vessels $82,194.59.



LOCK OPERATIONS.



The following tabulations show the number of lockages, and number of vessels
passing through the locks during the month of March, 1925, as compared with the
corresponding month in 1924 and 1923; and the consumption of water for lockages
in March, 1925, as compared with the preceding month and the corresponding month
in 1924:



Locks.



Number of lockages.



Commercial.



North. South. Total.



Noncommercial.



North. South. Total



Comparative
grand totals.



Mar.
1925.



Mar.

1924.



Mar.
1923.



Gatun

Pedro Miguel
Miraflores

Gatun

Pedro Miguel.
Mirafkres



187
190
190



194
202
199



380
392



397
438
426



Number of vessels put through locks.



198
194
194



430
444

442



434
454
465



214


412


16


35


51


463


500


209


403


42


62


104


507


505


209


403


46


62


108


511


506



54
599
586



CLASSIFICATION OF NONCOMMERCIAL VESSELS.



Gatun.



Pedro
Miguel.



Mira-
flores.



Army and Navy vessels. . .
Panama Canal equipment.



The total consumption of water for lockages, maintenance, and loss in leakage was
as follows:



Gatun.



Pedro
Miguel.



Miraflores.



Lockages. . . .

Leakage

Maintenance.



Cubicfeet.
1,148,520,000
25,000,000



Cubic feet.
903,350,000
13,250,000



Totals, March, 1925....
Totals, February, 1925.
Totals, March, 1924....



1,173.520,000



916.600,000



1,243,070,000



1,239,320,000



1,394,150,000



921,545,000



Cubic feet.
852,930,000
20,000,000

11,880,000



884,810,000



1,230,110,000



896,380,000



526



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



METEOROLOGY AND HYDROGRAPHY.



In the following tabulation the meteorological and hydrographic conditions over
the Canal Zone and vicinity during the month of March, 1925, are shown in compara-
tive form:



Rainfall fcr month.



Pacific section

Central section

Atlantic section

Maximum reccrded on any one day

Gatun Lake watershed

Chaares River watershed, above Alhajuela

Maximum recorded fcr month at any one point.
Minimum recorded fcr month at any one point.

Hydrography.

Discharge of Chagres River at Alhajuela

Maximum momentary discharge fcr the month. .

Gatun Lake watershed total yield

Gatun Lake watershed net yield

Draft on Gatun Lake fcr lockages and power



March,
1925.



Inches.



C.f.s

636

1,106

731

-278

2,227



March,
1924.



Inches.

83

.69

1.55

1.19

.70

.54

1.55

.01



C.f.s.

565

780

962

93

< 1,943



March — Years of record.



Maximum. Minimum. Mean



Inches.
1.93
4.28
7.65
'3.24
2.11
4.58
9.71



C.f.s.
1,625

' 19,400
1,792
1,250
2,488



Inches.
T
.09
.58



C.f.s.
382



594
-385
1 , 148



Inches.
.55
.67
1.73



.74
1.03



C.f. s.



1,089

221

sl.851



' 12.25 represents the maximum 24-hour rainfall recorded on the Canal Zone and imme Hate vicinity since American
occupation. Rec< rded at Gatun on October 23 and 24, 1923. (Note. — Extreme outlying stations in the Republic of
Panama not included in thisrepcrt.) ' March31, 1910. 3 Notincluding March, 1914. • Gatun hydroelectric resumed
full power load on March 10. 1924.

SEISMOLOGY.

Seismic disturbances were recorded on the 18th and 29th. The disturbance of the
29th was of intensity IV, and generally felt. Its distance was about 150 miles.

ELECTRICAL POWER AND WORK.

The gross output of the Gatun hydroelectric station and the Miraflores steam plant,
the power distributed to consumers, the loss of power in transmission, etc., as com-
pared with the corresponding month in 1924 and 1923, is shown in the following
tabulation:



Item.



March,
1925.



March,
1924.



March,
1923.



Gross output, KWH:

Gatun hydroelectric station

Miraflcres steam plant

Power distributed to consumers KWH. .

Loss of power in plants, accessaries, transmissions and

transfcrmcrs KWH. . .

Per cent of loss of power to gross output

Water consumption cubic feet. .

Oil consumption barrels.



5,114,400



4,019,959

1,094,441

21.39

,913,582.321

430.38



3,639,300

' 1,263,540

4,271,288

631,552

12.88

3,923,666,209

10,554.50



4,816,000

100

4,123,009

693,101

14.39

3,567,034,663

1,225



1 On March 10, 1924, the dry season load was transferred from the Miraflcres steam plant to the Gatun hydro-
electric station.

Thirty-six work orders covering electrical repairs and installations on 27 vessels
were completed during the month; 265 work orders were issued during the month,
as compared with 220 during February, 1925.

SALVAGE OF THE UNITED STATES NAVY TUG "SCIOTA."

The tug Sciota, belonging to the United States Navy, sank suddenly while tied up
at Dock 15, Balboa, in the afternoon of March 8. The tug was raised by the salvage
section of The Panama Canal, using the wrecking tug Favorite and the 250-ton cranes
Ajax and Hercules, and towed into the dry dock on March 22.

Investigation by Naval authorities determined that the sinking was due to an open
valve in the overboard discharge line leading from the condenser. Responsibility was
placed upon the engine room crew of the vessel who were repairing the condenser
and left the valve open.

The Sciota was towed through the Canal on March 27 by the mine sweeper Curlew
to the Naval Station at Coco Solo, where cleaning and machinery overhaul preliminary
to repairs will be made. Other repairs will be done by Panama Canal shops.

SHOP, FOUNDRY, AND DRY DOCK WORK.

During the month miscellaneous repairs were made on 54 vessels at Cristobal, and
53 at Balboa. The more important repairs included the following:



THE PANAMA CANAJL RECORD



527



A new stern log was installed and other repairs made on the hull of the steamship
La Isla.

The conversion and overhauling of the Peruvian cruiser Coronel Bologncsi was
carried forward during the month.

Drill barge Terrier No. 2 was completed at Balboa shops and turned over to the
Dredging Division at Paraiso.

The United States Navy tug Sciota, submerged, was carried in slings under the
pontoons of the floating cranes Ajax and Hercules and was towed into the dry dock.
While in dock it was placed on an even keel and docked for examination and repairs
necessary to enable it to be towed through the Canal.

The output of the foundry in patterns and castings, as compared with the previous
month, was as follows:







March, 192c


.


February, 192


5.




Patterns.


Castings.


Pound?.


Patterns.


Castings.


Pounds.


Iron

Nor.ferrous


1G
10


579
486"
249


35,504

63,6531

6,3671


7
6
6


609
655

1,348


40,482|

52,077

14,8001



There were 593 job orders on hand at the beginning of the. month, 555 were author-
ized during the month, and 594 completed, leaving 554 on hand at the close of the
month.

There were 368 standing orders on hand at the beginning of the month; 1 was
authorized during the month and none completed, leaving 369 on hand at the close
of the month.

MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING.

The output of the three filtration plants, the amount of water consumed by the
cities of Panama and Colon, and the sales of water to vessels, are shown in compara-
tive form in the following tabulation:



March,
1925.



March,
1924.



March,
1923.



Pumping stations

Filtration plants

Water consumed by Panama.
Water consumed by Colon. . .
Sale:.; of water to vessels



Gallons.
684,580,500
422,426,009
96,225,000
47,634,500
10,387,225



Gallons.

664,221,500

390,442,000

97,509,000

55,157,500

8,935,559



Gallons.
781,838,250
447,734,000
94,535,000
68,704,000
14,185,672



Municipal work on the 77 additional garage stalls in the Ancon-Balboa district,
started during the month of February, was continued during the month. Removed
two lamp po«=ts and widened road in front of Administration Building. The recon-
struction of intersection of Gorgona Road and Ancon Boulevard was started during
the month.

DREDGING.

West Culebra slide showed a slight movement between stations 1785 and 1794 W.
The movement amounted to 0.7 feet toward the Canal for the month.

The dredge Cascadas worked in front of the Cucaracha Signal Station slide during
the month, removing 40,700 cubic yards. This slide has been quiescent during the
month.

Cocoli Hill slide showed some activity between the 13th and 26th, since which time
there has been no perceptible movement. The dredge Paraiso removed 21,700
cubic yards of material from this slide during the month.

All other slide areas were quiescent during the month and there was no delay to
traffic due to slides.

The total excavation during the month was 332,000 cubic yards as follows:



Cubic
yards.


Classify
Earth.


d as— | ,

Character
Rock. ofwerk.


Station.


Equipment.


40,700

22,300

9,500


3,450
2,600
1,250
400
2,400

6,600
42,500
44,000
103,000


37,250 Maintenance

19,700 Maintenance


Gaillard Cut— 1815 to 1821 W

Gaillard Cut— 1797-1829 E. and W

Gaillard Cut— 1797-1793 W


Cascadas.
Cascadas.


700
11,750
35,800


300

9,350
35,800
15,100


Maintenance. .......

Maintenance

Project No. 1

Maintenance

Project No. 1

Auxiliary


Gaillard Cut— 1791-1795 E

Gaillard Cut — West Culebra slide

Pacific entrance, 2068-2081 E. and W


Cascadas.
Gamboa.


21,700
42,500


Pacific entrance, 20G6-2081 E. and W

Pacific entrance, 2222-2246 W


Paraiso.
No. 83.


44,000


Pacific entrance, 2222-2246 W


No. 83.


103,000




No. 86\



528



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



OCCUPANTS OF QUARTERS.

The number of persons occupying Panama Canal and Panama Railroad quarters,
shown in comparative form, was as follows:





As of March 31,


1925.


Comparative totals.




Men.


Women.


Children.


March,
1925.


March,
1924.


March,
1923.




2,530

91

4,184


2,080

29

2,623


2,332

69

6,753


6,942

189

13,560


6,351
172

12,757


6,320




169




12,777






Totals March, 1925


6,805


4,732


9,154


20,691












Totals March, 1924..!


6,553


4,511


8,216 |


l:i.L'S!)








Totals March, 1923..


6,517


4,644


8,075






19,266











WORKING FORCE.



The following tabulation shows the number of gold and silver employees as of
March 18, 1925, by departments, with a comparison of the working force for the
preceding month and for March, 1924:





As of March 18,


1925.


Total employees.




Gold.


Silver.


Total.


February,
1925.


March,
1924.


Operation and Maintenance:


29

166
71
208
[66
523
17,)
21


38
205
649

658
857
928
698
313


67
371
720

866

1,023

1,451

877

339


67
395
553

1,248
989

1,366
694
287


82




377




580




1,367




1,027




1,284




641




137


Totals


1,303


4,351


5,714


5,599


5,475


Supply Department:


159

11

1S4

6

8

37


1,042
125
925
268

98
165


1,201
136

1 , 109
274
106
202


1,173
132

1,136
266

108

200


1,299




119




1,005




189




103

188






Totals


405


2,623


3,028


3,1)15


2,903








195
216

496


7
704
253


202
920

749


203

898
753


200




938




747








907


964


1,871


1,854


1,885






Panama Railroad:


47
62
77
41


218
114

SS4
203


265

170
961

241


278

177

1,020

283


306




175




929




544






Totals


227


1,419


1,646


1,758


1,954








2,902


9,357


12,259














2,885


9,341




12,226










Grand totals Mar^h 1921


2,709


9,448




12,217











VITAL STATISTICS.

A total of 138 deaths occurred during the month of March, 1925, among the popu-
lation of the Canal Zone, and the cities of Panama and Colon, which is equivalent to an
annual death rate of 13.26 per 1,000. The leading causes of death were: Pneumonia
(broncho and lobar), 24; tuberculosis (various organs), i8;. organic diseases of the
heart, 13. There were 6 deaths from cancer; 6 deaths from diarrhea and enteritis
(including coilitis); and 6 deaths from apoplexy. Of the total deaths, 44, or 32 per
cent occurred among children under 5 years of age. There were 21 deaths among non-
residents of the Isthmus; these are not included in the above statistics.



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



529



There were 272 live births reported during the month, and 17 stillbirths. Including
stillbirths, this is equivalent to an annual birth rate of 27.76 per 1,000 population.
Deaths among children under 1 year of age numbered 28, giving an infant mortality
rate of 102.95 per 1,000 live births.

The total number of malaria cases reported during the month was 74. Of these,
3 were reported from Panama City, 1 from Colon, 27 from Canal Zone sanitated
areas, and 43 originated outside of our sanitated areas. Of the total 10 were em-
ployees, 30 were nonemployees, and 34 were Army and Navy personnel. There were
no deaths from malaria.

RECEIPTS AND SALES OF MATERIALS AND SUPPLIES.

The total value of material ordered on United States requisitions, and received
on the Isthmus during the month, cash sales from stock, etc., as compared with the
preceding month and with the corresponding month in 1924, were as follows:





March,
1925.


February,
1925.


March,
1924.


Material received on United States requisitions:


$585,867.13
18,406.70


$235,066.19
9,702.05


$347,987.13
5,450.53






Totals


604,363.83


244,768.24


353,437.66




Cash sales on the Isthmus:


36,923.50

5,108.57

505.34

650.47


30,571.36

734.84

968.21

1,721.95


22,964.00

117.95

558.32

3,776.14










Totals


43,187.88


33,996.36


27,416.41





FINANCIAL STATEMENT.



The following statement shows in condensed form the aggregate revenues and
expenditures from July 1, 1924, to February 28, 1925, inclusive. It is impossible to
submit the figures for the month of March at the time of writing this report, since all
the bills, charges, etc., involved in the accounting have not been completed.





Month.


Fiscal year.




February, 1925.


February, 1924.


This year.


Last year.


Tolls


$1,643,829.89
301,906.60


$1,964,182.04
443,983.01


$14,448,010.61
2,271,252.80


$16,642,009.49
2,175,910.57






Total transit revenues


1,945,736 49
995,670.21


2,408,165.05
975,033.30


16,719,263.41
7,473,991.09


18,817,920.06
7,197,225.25






950,066.28
607,112.88


1,433,131.75
608,183.84


9,245,272.32
4,856,194.10


11,620,094.81
4,857,224.10


Three per cent capital charge (theoretical).


Transit surplus


342,923.40


824,947.91


4,389,078.22


6,763,470.71




1,161,133.73
1,082,369.11


1,372,241.04
1,298,508.44


8,781,356,48
8,002,197.00


8,502,573.30
7,800,218.26








78,764.62
54,008.02


73,732.60
51,791.90


779,159.48
455,705.61


702,355.04
449,346.00


Three per cent capital charge (theoretical).




24,756.60


21,940.70


323,453.87


253,009.04,






2,280,582.86
1,791,751.96


3,554,775.41
2,047,911.06


23,367,534.23
13,343,102.43


25,473,248.17
131,50,198.32








1,028,830.90
661,150.90


1,506,864.35
659,975.74


10,024,431.80
5,311,899.71


12,323,049.85
5,306,570.10


Three per cent capital charge (theoretical)..




367,580.00


846,888.61


4,712,532.09


7,016,479.75





Respectfully,



M.



L. Walker,

Governor.



Ships' Chandlery Supplies.

Panama Canal Storehouses carry a complete line of ships' chandlery supplies,
available for sale to ships at C. I. F. cost, plus 25 per cent surcharge which covers



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