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Cristobal for the storage of kerosene, with a capacity of approxi-
mately 168,000 gallons, and one is now being erected at Balboa for the
storage of kerosene with a capacity of approximately 200,000 gallons.



Ships' Chandlery Supplies.



Panama Canal Scorehouses carry a complete line of ships' chandlery supplies,
available for sale to ships at C. I. F. cost, plus 25 per cent surcharge which covers
local freight, handling, and other costs.



84



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



CANAL WORK IN AUGUST.

The following is the report of the Acting Governor to the Secretary
of War, of Canal work in the month of August, 1925.

Balboa Heights, C. Z., September 19, 1925.

The Honorable, the Secretary of War,

Washington, D. C.
Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of The Panama Canal for the
month of August, 1925:

NUMBER OF TRANSITS.

During the month, 372 commercial vessels and 13 small launches transited the
Canal, on which tolls were paid. In addition, 32 vessels of the United States Govern-
ment passed through the Canal, on which no tolls were paid, making the total transits
for the month 417, or an average of 13.45 transits per day for all traffic.

Tolls for the month aggregated $1,657,944.15, equivalent to an average of
$53,482.07 in tolls per day. Of the foregoing, $1,657,893.90 represents the amount
collected in tolls from the 372 commercial vessels on which tolls were paid, and
$50.25 was the amount collected in tolls from the 13 small launches. There was
also a collection of $217.55 in tolls on the steamship Breda which transited the
Canal in June, 1925.

The average daily receipts from tolls were the lowest for any month since February,
1923. ,

The total number of craft of all kinds transiting the Canal during the month of
August, as compared with the same month in 1924 and 1923, is shown in the following
tabulation:



August ,
1925.



August,
1924.



August,
1923.



Commercial vessels

Noncommercial vessels (Army and Navy).
Launches (under 20 tons measurement) . . .



Total vessels and craft through Canal.



372
32
13



417



372
20
5



454
22

7



397



483



In addition to the vessels listed above, Panama Canal equipment consisting of
dredges, tugs, barges, launches, etc., was passed through the locks as follows:



Gatun

Pedro Miguel.
Miraflores —



Totals.



North-
bound.



South-
bound.



65



75



Total.



140



COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC. 1



The following tabulation shows the number of commercial vessels, Panama Canal
net tonnage, tolls, and tons of cargo carried by commercial vessels transiting the
Canal each month, from the beginning of the calendar year 1925, to the end of August,
1925, as compared with the same months in the preceding year:



Month.


Number

of
vessels.


Panama Canal Tons of cargo,
net tonnage.


Tolls.


Calendar year


Calendar year. Calendar year.


Calendar year.




1924.


1925.


1924.


1925.


1924.


1925.


1924.


1925.


January.
February .
March

May

June

July

August ....


476
418
429
403
417
377
422
372


401

379
398
382
372
368
418
372


2,400,040
2.108,879
2,136,079
2.053.171
2,085,670
1,928.039
2,036,097
1,901.895


1,960,015
1.789,447
1,964,106
1,840,692
1,847,682
1,753,327
1.951.295
1,779,627


2,427,332
2,243,616
2,272,472
2,158,721

2,353,986
2,022,850
2,097.154
1,958,479


1,907,469
1,839,619
2,104,324
1,950,902
1,823,042
1,920.323
1,960,654
1,912,217


12,216,855.01
1,964,155.59
1,997,138 83
1,903,761 27

1,955,764 91
1,792,821.22
1.935,296.43
1,769,999.94


$1,832,024.35
1.648,964.88
1,840,103.14
1.735,429.37
1,705,592.20
1,659.490.06
1,800,239.84
1,657,893.90


Totals. .


3,314


3,090


16,649,870


14,886,191


17,534,610


15,418,550


15,535,793.20


13,879,737.74



1 Commercial traffic includes all ocean-going vessels paying tolls. Vessels in the direct service of the United States
Government, including merchant vessels chartered by the Government, do not pay tolls. Shipping Board vessels
in commercial service pay tolls. Statistics on vessels not paying tolls are shown under "Noncommercial traffic.



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



85



The decrease in commercial traffic for the first 8 months of the current calendar
year, as compared with the same period in the calendar year 1924, has been 7.2 per
cent in number of transits; 11.8 percent in Panama Canal net tonnage; 13.7 percent
in tons of cargo carried; and 11.9 per cent in tolls.

Following is a summary of commercial traffic for August, 1925, as compared with
the corresponding month in 1924 and 1923, and the monthly average for the fiscal
year, 1925:



August,
1925.



August,
1924.



August,
1923.



Average per

month for

fiscal year

1925.



Number of transits

United States net tonnage
Panama Canal net tonnage
Registered gross tonnage . . .
Registered net tonnage. . . .

Tolls

Tons of cargo carried



372
1,394,284
1,779,627
2,265,536
1,398,466
$1,657,893.90
1,912,217



372
1,508,656
1,901,895
2,424,470
1,508,864
$1,769,999.94
1,958,479



454
1,799,173
2,232,590
2,859,103
1,801,356
12,050,656.97
2,168,750



389
1,510,596
1,904,596
2,429,029
1,517,919
$1,783,376.96
1,996,569



The average daily number of transits, tonnage, tolls, and cargo is shown in the
following statement, in comparative form, commercial vessels only:




Average per day.


Average per

day for

fiscal year

1925.




August,
1925.


August,
1924.


August,
1923.




12.00

57,407

$53,480.45

61,684


12.00
61,351

$57,096.77
63,177


14.65

72,019

$66,150.22

69,959


12.80

62,616

$58,631.57

65,640


Panama Canal net tonnage

Tolls







AVERAGE TONNAGE, TOLLS, AND TONS OF CARGO PER VESSEL.

The average'tonnage, tolls, and cargo per vessel transiting the Canal during the
month of August, 1925, as compared with August, 1924, and August 1923, are shown
in the following tabulation:



United States equivalent net tonnage

Panama Canal net tonnage

Registered gross tonnage

Registered net tonnage

Tolls

Tons of cargo (including vessels in ballast) .
Tons of cargo (laden vessels only)



Average per vessel.



August,
1925.



3,748
4,784
6,090
3,759
$4,456.70
5,140
5,975



August,
1924.



4,056
5.1L3
6,517
4,056
,758.06
5,265
6,359



August,
1923.



3,963
4,918
6,298
3,959
$4,516.86
4,777
6,323



UNITED STATES INTERCOASTAL TRAFFIC.



The following statement gives a summary of the intercoastal traffic through the
Canal for the month of August, for the past 4 years:





Atlantic to Pacific.


PacifictoAtlantic.


Totals.


Month
and year.


No.

of

vessels


Panama

Canal

net

tonnage.


Cargo
tonnage.


No.

of

vessels


Panama

Canal

net

tonnage.


Cargo
tonnage.


No.

of

vessels


Panama
Canal

net
tonnage.


Cargo
tonnage.


August, 1922


35
123

68
63


159,982
665,843
410,147
349,063


158,098
301,743
135,436
168,297


25

102

72

72


127,577
569,804
414,136
384,888


164,150
935,407
677,666
617,757


60
225
140
135


287,559

1,235,647

824,283

733,951


322,248

1,237,150

811,102

786,054


August, 1923


August, 1924


August, 1925





UNITED STATES SHIPPING BOARD VESSELS.

During the month of August, 1925, 5 vessels of the United States Shipping Board
transited the Canal. All of these vessels were general cargo carriers engaged in the
foreign trade of the United States.

The following table shows the number, aggregate Panama Canal net tonnage, and
cargo tonnage of the United States Shipping Board vessels routed through the Canal
during the month of August for the past 3 years:



86



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD





Atlantic to Pacific.


Pacific to Atlantic. Totals.


Month
and year.


No.
of

vessels


Panama

Canal

net

tonnage.


Cargo
tonnage.


No.

of

vessels


Panama

Canal

net

tonnage.


Cargo
tonnage.


No.

of

vessels


Panama

Canal

net

tonnage.


Cargo
tonnage.


August, 1923

August, 1924

August, 1925


15

7
4


75,875
37,391
19,671


37,482
32,659
23,108


13

8
1


68,553
41,528
4,910


97,962
62,405
7,247


28
15
5


144,428
78,919
24,581


135,444
95,064
30,355







ORIGIN AND DESTINATION OF TONNAGE.



The following tabulation shows the origin and destination of all tonnage passing
through the Canal during the month of August, 1925, segregated by principal geo-
graphical areas, as compared with the same month in 1924 and 1923; the figures
representing the net tonnage of vessels as determined by the Panama Canal rules of
measurement:



Areas.


August,
1925.


August,
1924.


August,
1923.


Origin, Pacific-bound tonnage.


617,700
263,686
11,958
5,481
17,221
14,933


626,329
255,301
12,164
26,538
37.978
20,910
5,197


960,989




212,659




18,245
13,897




23,772








9,145




17,711


32,057








Totals


948,690


984,417


1,270,764






Destination, Pacific-bound tonnage.


439,601
160,272
124,780

85,320

105,292

9,340

24,085


543,398
191,338
91,473
59,657
82,693
13,094
2,764


816,379




202,838




85,956




101,011




36,631




22,251




5,698






Totals


948,690


984,417


1,270,764






Origin, Atlantic-bound tonnage.


471,586

202,053

38,583

5,716

106,516

6,429

54


505,986

276,372

38,367

17,729

75,854

3,170


677,461-




176,003




37,347




31,635.




27,973




6,191




5,216








Totals


830,937


917,478


961,826







Destination, Atlantic-bound tonnage.


508,045
264,759


566,300
295,964
8,590
19,972
11,164
4,910


714,680




148,270




51,924




15,593
18,993
4,910
7,221
11,416




Cristobal, C. Z .'


18,452




8,495








10,578


20,005






Totals


830,937


917,478


961,826







At present, tolls are collected at rates of $1.20 per net ton for laden vessels and 72
cents per net ton for vessels in ballast, computed on the basis of the Panama Canal
rules of measurement, with the provision that tolls shall not exceed $1.25 per ton nor
be less than 75 cents per ton as determined in accordance with the United States
statutes relating to net registered tonnage. In order to ascertain the proper toll
charges, it is necessary, therefore, that the net tonnage of vessels transiting the Canal
be determined both in accordance with the Panama Canal and the United States
rules of measurement.



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



87



To eliminate the present dual system of measurement and computation of tolls,
the administration has been endeavoring to have the Panama Canal rules of measure-
ment made the sole basis for the computation of tolls, with rates per net ton of $1 for
laden vessels and 60 cents for vessels in ballast. Tolls assessed on the basis of the
Panama Canal rules of measurement at the proposed rates would be substantially the
same as tolls actually collected under the present dual system of measurement.

Taking the traffic through the Canal for the month of August, 1925, the following
tabulation shows a comparison of tolls actually collected under the present method of
assessing tolls and the tolls that would have been collected on the basis of the Panama
Canal rules of measurement at the proposed rates, with transits for the month se-
gregated by flag:



Nationality.



Tolls actually

collected under

present dual

system.



Tolls that would
have been collected

under proposed

rates of SI laden
and 00c. ballast on

basis of Panama
Canal net tonnage.



Difference.



Increase.



Decrease.



Belgian

British

Chilean

Colombian . . .
Danish..". . . .

Dutch

Finnish

French

German

Greek

Italian

Japanese

Jugo-Slavic. .
Norwegian.. .
Panaman.. . .

Peruvian

Spanish

Swedish

United States

Totals. . .



$4,021.25
450,894.59

8,738.75

334.98

17,297.05

33,488.75

1,732.80
35,607.50
55,976.25

8,048.75
30,792.35
35,228.35

4,100.00
61,289.48

3,601.63
10,042.50

7,876.25

29,305.87

859,516.80



1,657,803.90



$4,064.00
459,844.20

9,377.00

294.40

16,864.00

31,079.00

1,444.00
33,635.00
60,362.00

8,088.00
27,635.00
35,859.00

5,208.00
60,363 20

5,334.40
12,487.00

7,741.00

33,457.60

854,126.40



1,673,263.20



$42.75

8,949.61

638.25



3,590.25



4,385.75
39.25



■ 630.65
1,108.00



1,732.77
2,444.50



27,713.51



S40.58
433.05



288.80
1,972.50



3,157.35



926.28



135.25
5,390.40



12,344.21



The decrease on vessels of .United States registry would have been made up, with
respect to channels of trade in which the vessels were engaged, as follows:



United States intercoastal trade
United States foreign trade. . . .
United States-Canal Zone trade

Totals



,639.09
770.06
■18.75



$5,390.40



1 Indicates increase under proposed rates.

Figures for July — In the monthly report for July, 1925, charges for deck loads were
erroneously included in the figures for tolls that would have been collected under the
proposed rates of $1 laden with 60 cents ballast, Panama Canal net tonnage; deck
load is not to be charged for under the proposed arrangement. This error in the July
report resulted in showing that the proposed basis would have caused an increase of
$37,078.96 in tolls collected, including an increase of $10,362.89 on United States
vessels, whereas the correct statement is that the proposed basis would have resulted
in a net increase for all traffic of $15,113.96, but that the tolls on United States ships
would have been decreased by $8,161.11.

The decreased charges that would have been assessed against vessels of the United
States in July would have been made up, with respect to channels of trade in which
the vessels were engaged, as follows:
— .

United States intercoastal trade $6,293.42

United States foreign trade 1,637 24

United States-Canal Zone trade 230.45

Total : 8,161.11



Fiscal year to date — Combining the figures for the effect on tolls on United States
vessels for the months of July and August, the effect for the first two months of the
current fiscal year would have been:



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



Decrease.



United States intercoastal trade
United States foreign trade. . . .
United States-Canal Zone trade

Total



$10,932.51

2,407.30

211.70



13,561.51



RATIO OF CARGO TONNAGE TO NET TONNAGE.

The ratio of cargo tonnage to net tonnage, Panama Canal measurement of vessels
transiting the Panama Canal in August, 1925, is shown in the following tabulation,
segregated by nationality of vessels and direction of transit. Laden vessels only are
included:



Nationality.


Atlantic

to
Pacific.


Pacific

to
Atlantic.


Total.






1.88
1.38
1.08
1-.70
1.70
1.44
1.80
1.65
1.26
1.68
1.52
1.58
1.82
1.84
.19
.80
.48
2.52
1.64


1 88




.84
.36


1 09




72




1 70




1.02

.71


1 26


Dutch


1 07




1 80




.26
.89

1.81
.18

1.03


82




1 06




1 74




1 15




1 13




1 82




1.20

.67
.41
.07
.71
.97


1 54




43




65




.27




2 20




1 38








.89


1.57


1 26








.87


1.55


1 28








1.07


1.51


1 32







The ratio of cargo tonnage to Panama Canal net tonnage by the leading
routes is shown in the following tabulation, vessels in ballast being included:



trade



Route.


Atlantic

to
Pacific.


Pacific

to _
Atlantic.


Total.?.




48


1.60
2.07
1.67


1 07




1


48
Si
05
98
75
64
52
78
47


1 32




1.27




1.05






.98




1.60
1.36
1.55

.82
.84


1.13




1 03




1.05




.81


Cristobal and South America


.70



COMMODITY STATISTICS.

The total cargo carried through the Canal during the month of August, 1925, was
1,912,217 tons. Cargo from the Atlantic to the Pacific aggregated 611,063 tons, as
compared with 531,703 in August, 1924, and 606,103 in July, 1925. From the Pacific
to the Atlantic there were 1,301,154 tons, as compared with 1,426,776 tons in August,
1924, and 1,354,551 tons in July, 1925.

From the Atlantic to the Pacific, various manufactured goods, with 134,718 tons,
was the heaviest item, followed by mineral oils with 51,471 tons, and cement with
38,126 tons.

From the Pacific to the Atlantic, mineral oil shipments with 421,724 tons was the
heaviest item, followed by lumber with 272,932 tons, and nitrates with 128,453 tons.

The following commodity statistics were compiled from cargo declarations sub-
mitted by masters of vessels at the time of transit, and while incomplete, are indicative
of the kind and quantity of commodities carried by -vessels transiting the Canal. A
brief summary of the principal items is shown below, the figures representing tons of
2,240 pounds:



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



89



Commodity.



August,


August,


August,


1925.


1924.


1923.


2,446


1,899


3,618


12,393


7,117


7,217


7,573


7,381


9,868


38,126


35,673


42,134


1,719


1,446


1,348


21,985


15,950


26,178


8,475


128


3,030


7 842






1,386


2,062


3,489


91,009


109,469


171,579


10,951


12,412


17,966


19,931


8,421


8,860


8,114


7,359


10,367


4,713


3,122


9,082


26,097


8,119


23,542


51,471


70,582


121,580


5,707


12,823


13,067


5,133


8,630


1,602


563


2,488


346


2,892


5,210


5,229


6,750


6,900


500


2,731


1,586


2,008


273,056


202,926


255,990


611,063


531,703


738,600


56,969


35,883


38,018


5,026


2,875


4,094


3,529


2,652


4,097


1,412


1,821


850


14,598


11,967


4,344


30,041


23,184


1,977


6,419


2,719


2,895


4,652


3,899


3,554


12,105


18,971


16,092


5,594


393


375


5,233


5,609


5,623


3,849


2.500


814


5,609


4,661


5,028


655


1,029


438


272,932


155,840


115,759


32,364


30,251


32,626


128,453


• 210,765


112,114


421,724


660.808


886,592


125,612


86,178


49,700


11,100






243


6,240


5,942


2,937


2,765


4,033


9,179


13,096


22,798


41,264


34,216


9,971


1,978


3,924


3,785


97,677


104,530


81,631


1,301,154


1,426,776


1,430,150



Agricultural implements .

Ammonia

Autos and accessories. . .

Cement

Chemicals

Coal and coke

Cotton

Creosote

Liquors

Manufactured goods:

Iron and steel

Machinery

Railroad material. . .

Textiles

Other

Metals, various

Mineral oils

Paper

Phosphates

Rice.



Atlantic to Pacific.



Sand and silversand.

Sulphur

Tobacco

Miscellaneous



Totals.



Barley

Beans

Borax

Cocoa

Canned goods:

Fish

Fruit

Other

Coffee

Cold storage, various. .

Copra :

Cotton

Flour

Fruits, dried and fresh.

Hemp

Lumber

Metals, various

Nitrates

Mineral oils

Ores, various

Phosphates

Ric



Pacific to Atlantic.



Skins and hides .

Sugar

Wheat

Wool

Miscellaneous. . .



Totals



TRAFFIC BY TRADE ROUTES.

A detailed statement of traffic through the Panama Canal by trade routes for the
month of August, 1925, was published in The Panama Canal Record for September
16, 1925. The following tabulations show the number of vessels, Panama Canal net
tonnage, and tons of cargo moving over the principal trade routes during the month
of August, 1925, as compared with the same month in the years 1924 and 1923:





Atlantic to Pacific.


Pacific to Atlantic.


Route.


Number of vessels.


Number of vessels




August,
1925.


August,
1924.


August,
1923.


August,
1925.


August,
1924.


August,
1923.




63
21
16
15
13
11
7


68

20

20

10

12

8

6

3


123

20

18

16

19

3

5

3

6

3

9


72
21
19


72

26

31

3

13

11

4

1

3

4

1

12


102




20




16




6




15
13
5

6

6


8




2




3




1






3


7




7 8
12 9


3




2




26 24 36


19


23






Totals


196


191


261


176


181


193



90



THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



Route.



Atlantic to Pacific.



Panama Canal net tonnage.



August,
1925.



August,
1924.



August,
1923.



Pacific to Atlantic.



Panama Canal net tonnage.



August,
1925.



August,
1924.



August,
1923



United States intercoastal

United States and South America.

Europe and South America

United States and Far East

Europe and United States

Europe and Canada

Europe and Australasia

Mexico and South America

Cristobal and South America

United States and Canada

United States and Australasia —
Miscellaneous



349,063
88,390
75,341
81,262
66,814
60,480
53,469



5,574
32,438
60,564

75,295



410,147
93,205
93,992
55,427
61,656
45,287
42,231
14,306
4,203
42,403
46,431
75,129



352
161
302
271
617
897
188
361
,432
,654



384
90
90
5
74
63
33



,341
,690
,716
,105
,807



. 525
,878



414,136

116,927

140,662

17,729

61,134

60,745

33,423

6,591

5,967

19,203

4,944

36,017



569,804
79,432
71,877
31,635
39,078
13,092
24,223
4,831
12,615
14,881
9,003
91,355



Totals.



984,417 1.270,764



830,937 917,478



961,826



Tons of cargo carried.



Tons of cargo carried.



United States intercoastal

United States and South America,

Europe and South America

United States and Far East

Europe and United States

Europe and Canada

Europe and Australasia

Mexico and South America

Cristobal and South America

United States and Canada

United States and Australasia ....
Miscellaneous



168,297
43,430
48,076
89,335
56,363
31,609
41,987



2,642 I
24,281
59,402
45,641



Totals



611,063



133,436
31,044
75,213
66,009
26,609
33,617
28,447
26,250
2,228
27,109
45,682
36,059



531,703



301,743
40,983
45,529

116,525
60.520
13,719
24,622
26.385
2,616
11,419
40,533
54,006



617,757
187,050
123,079
9,042
123,581
98,877
27,194



7,202
41,505



65,867



8,600 1,301,154 1,426,776



677,666
211,728
211,697
20,507
106,466
94,165
22,537



3,050

21,594

195

57,171



935,407
129,329
89,042
34,595
61,564
18,465
17,414



4,331

17,255

453

122,295



1,430,150



LATIN-AMERICAN TRAFFIC.

In the following tabulation, a summary of traffic to and from Latin America,
routed through the Canal during the month of August, is given for the years 1923,
1924, and 1925, and for the month of July, 1925:



Period.



No.


Panama




Tons of


of


Canal net


Tolls.


cargo


transits.


tonnage.




carried.


135


498,509


$494,581.84


516,844


135


548,344


523,718.91


606,632


111


410,005


388,645.95


455,977


141


513,290


484,406.99


591,335



August, 1923.
August, 1924.
August, 1925.
July, 1925 . ..



The principal commodities shipped to Latin-American ports through the Canal
were various manufactured goods, cement, and coal and coke. From Latin-American
ports the principal commodities were various ores, nitrates and mineral oils.

The following tabulations show the tonnage, tolls, and cargo of all vessels routed
to or from Latin America during August, 1925, segregated by nationality and direc-
tion, with the totals in each direction, as compared with the totals for August in 1923
and 1924:





No.

of

vessels.




TONNAGE.




Tolls.




Nationality.


United

States

equivalent.


Panama
Canal

net.


Registered.


of
cargo.




Gross.


Net.


Atlantic to Pacific.


17
1

2
2
o
1
5
2
4
3
2
1
1
12


49,222

3,512

162

4.255
6.996
3,743

18,461
7,073
8,293
1,468
3,264
3,284
3,743

43,282


62,353

4,705

184

5,043

11,046
4,312

22,540
7,577

10,503
2,696
4,768
3,897
4,496

52,439


81,847

7,310

306

6,660

11,267

5,903

28,725

10,409

11,498

3,754

7,690

5,617

15,337

73,812


49,615
3,976
136
4,159
7,143
3,743

17,513
6,300
7,150
2,688
4,083
3,342
4,385

43,174


$56,255.55
4,390.00
132.48
4,607.05
8,745.00
4,678.75

23,076.25
8,566.85

10,146.70
1,832.75
4,080 00
4,105.00
3,237.12

42,562.88


31,891




1,721








4,600


Dutch


10,377




1,444


German


20,687
1,369




12,158




1,808




1,944




285








19,795






Totals, August, 1925


55


156,758


196,559


270,135


157,407


176,416.38


108,079


Totals, August, 1924


65


200,907


255,668


,':::;. 522


204,090


228,370.31



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