Isthmian Canal Commission (U.S..

Panama Canal record (Volume v.27 (1933-34)) online

. (page 45 of 46)
Online LibraryIsthmian Canal Commission (U.S.Panama Canal record (Volume v.27 (1933-34)) → online text (page 45 of 46)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

each is actually placed on a mast as below:

First group — Masts 5 and 6
Second group — Masts 3 and 8

But one group of lights will be shown at one time and the changing of groups will
be without notice. The lights on masts 5 and 8 are 67 feet above the ground;
those on 3 and 6, 50 feet. The elevation of Ancon Hill is approximately 660 feet
above sea level.


Supplement to Navigation Regulations— Merchant Ship Anchorages

Under date of July 2, 1934, The Panama Canal issued supplement No. 5 to the
"Navigation Regulations," amending Regulation 11.1 to read as quoted below:

Regulation 11.1. Aferchant ship anchorages: The following areas for mer-
chant ship anchorages are designated: Atlantic end: Area immediately west of
Canal channel line, bounded on the south by line joining gas buoy No. 4 and a
point "A," 1,600 yards due west of gas buoy No. 4; on the west by line extending
1,800 yards due north of point "A" to point "B;" and on the north by line ex-
tending from point "B" to Canal channel and parallel to west breakwater.
Gatun Lake anchorage basin: Area immediately east of Canal channel line,
bounded by a line extending southeasterly from the east wing wall at south end
of Gatun Locks to spar buoy "A," thence to spar buoy No. 1 and to spar buoy
No. 3, thence southwesterly to the Canal channel line at gas buoy No. 9. Pacific
end: Area immediately northeast of Canal prism extension and southeast of a
line joining gas buoy No. 4 to Flamenco Island Light.

Navigation Regulations— Hazardous Cargoes

Under date of February 15, 1934, The Panama Canal issued supplement No. 4
to its "Navigation Regulations," which supplement deals with the transportation of
hazardous cargoes in Canal Zone waters. Reference to it was published in The
Panama Canal Record of March 15, 1934. Under date of June 30, 1934, the Canal
issued change No. 1 to this supplement No. 4. Change No. 1 states:

(1) The following changes in the above-named supplement are effective

{a) The date by which structural changes, required by the introductory
paragraph, must be effected is extended to December 15, 1934.

{b) REGUL.4TION 88.B-5 (6): Petroleum products of any grade may be
carried in the intermediate cofferdams which separate the main cargo tanks
from each other, provided that the same requirements are fulfilled in regard to
these coft'erdams as are laid down for the cargo tanks carrying a similar grade
of material; and provided further, that there will be no possibility of the con-
tents of such cofl;erdams entering the bunker fuel system of the vessel either by
neglect or accident. This modification, however, does not apply to the coffer-
dams separating the cargo tanks from other compartments of the vessel.

New Vessels lor East Coast United States-Far East Trade

According to a recent shipping report, the Nippon Yusen Kaisha has under con-
struction 6 express motor ships for its silk trade to the Atlantic coast of the United
States. The vessels are said to be each of 7,300 gross tons, and will be capable of a
speed of 18 knots. Accommodations are to be provided in each vessel for 6 passen-
gers. The new vessels are to be commissioned this year and replace the 8 steamers
which now operate in the company's New Yorjc run. *

The report further states that the Kokusai Kisen Kaisha also is to place 6 new
silk express motor vessels in its New York trade. These new vessels are to be each
of 6,468 gross tons and have a maximum speed of 19 knots. The first of this fleet,
the Komaki Marti, made her first transit of the Canal from Pacific to Atlantic, on
February 14, 1934.

The trade between the east coast of the United States and the Far East ranks
third at present among the trades through the Panama Canal. Some of the more
important lines operating in this trade are the Nippon Yusen Kaisha, Osaka Shosen
Kaisha, Mitsui Bussan Kaisha, Kokusai Kisen Kaisha, Dollar Line, Lykes Brothers
& Ripley, the Roosevelt Line, the Isthmian Line, the Ellerman Lines, the Barber
Line, and Andrew Weir & Company.


Col. Orville G. Brown, Medical Corps, U.S.A., was appointed Chief Health Officer,
effective June 30, 1934, vice Col. Joseph F. Siler, relieved from duty with The
Panama Canal. Effective the same date Col. Edgar King, Medical Corps, U.S.A.,
was appointed Superintendent, Gorgas Hospital.

Lt. Comdr. Charles F. Osborn, Construction Corps, United States Navy, was
appointed Superintendent, Mechanical Division, vice Capt. Roy W. Ryden, relieved
from duty with The Panama Canal, effective July 2, 1934, noon.


Visit of President Roosevelt

President F. D. Roosevelt of the United States arrived at Cristobal breakwater
at 8:10 a.m., July 11, 1934, on board the cruiser Houston of the United States Navy,
from Annapolis via Cape Haitian, Mayaguez, San Juan, St. Thomas, St. Croix, and
Cartagena. The Houston, with the President aboard, began transit through the
Canal at 10:05 a.m., and docked at Dock 16, Balboa, at 4:12 p.m. At all of the
locks the President was greeted by residents of the Canal Zone and Panama, and at
Gatun and Miraflores locks military courtesies were rendered by Army forces from
the corresponding sectors. This was the first passage through the Canal by a Presi-
dent of the United States while incumbent in the office.

At Balboa the President received numerous visitors aboard and came ashore on
three occasions for drives through parts of the Canal Zone and Panama. He con-
tinued his journey to Hawaii, via Cocos Island, on July 12, the Houston clearing
from the dock at 5:30 p.m.

Applications for Positions as Pilot and Towboat Engineer in the
Panama Canal Service

During the depression in shipping The Panama Canal has employed no new
personnel in these positions. The result is that the applications for employment
now on file are largely out of date, and although there is no immediate indication
of need of additional men, the Canal will be pleased to receive applications from
qualified American citizens. Applications should be addressed to the Chief of
Office, The Panama Canal, Washington, D.C.

The basic qualifications for pilot are: United States citizenship; high school
education or two years of high school plus a course in a State nautical training school;
master's license for unlimited tonnage on seagoing vessels, or both master's and pilot's
unlimited license on inland or Great Lakes steamers; 10 years' seagoing experience,
covering at least 7 years service as an officer and one of the 7 years as master under
unlimited license; good health, and age not over 35 years. Other facts being equal,
preference will be given to ex-service men of the Navy and Coast Guard and men
employed on the floating equipment of The Panama Canal, and age limit will be
extended in such cases not to exceed 5 years. At the present time appointments
are authorized at the rate of $266.67 per month as pilot in training, and providing
the employee's services are satisfactory in all respects, advancement may be made
to a maximum rate of $416.67 per month after the completion of an 18 months'
training period, provided there is a vacancy.

In submitting applications it is important to describe fully any towboat experience
and/or experience in handling large vessels around docks without the assistance of
towboats. It should be stated further how many, if any, of the following positions
the applicant would be willing to accept with the possibility of being made a pilot
at a later date, it being understood, however, that The Panama Canal cannot guaran-
tee a vacancy in or appointment to the latter position:

Present entrance Present entrance

rate per month rate per month

Harbormaster $395.83 Master, Z7.S. Fa»on7e $377.00

Coxswain-engineer 163.00 1st Mate, t/.S. Fa2)on'/e 272.00

Docii foreman 214.00 26. M&te, U.S. Favor He 247.00

Master, towboat 305.00 Operator-machinist (Diesel-tug) 261.00

The Panama Canal is also desirous of renewing its eligibility list for towboat
engineers. Applicants for this position must be not over 45 years old. Applicants
should state what Federal licenses are held and give a complete summary of all
engineering experience. At present entrance rates for marine engineers range from
$163 to $300 per month, depending upon the class of equipment to which the employee
is assigned. Applications should be forwarded to the same address as for pilots.

It will be appreciated if marine journals of the United States will give publicity
to this notice.

Ships' Chandlery Supplies

Panama Canal Storehouses carry a complete line of ships' chandlery supplies,
available for sale to ships at C. I. F. cost plus 25 per cent surcharge which covers
local freight, handling, and other costs.


Directory ol The Panama Canal

Executive Department

Headquarters, Balboa Heights

Lieut. Col. J. L. Schley, U. S. A., Governor.

L. A. Poltriao, Secretary.

C. A. McIlvaine, Executive Secretary.

Jno. H. Smith, Chief Clerk, Executive Office.

Guy Johannes, Chief, PoHce and Fire Division.

C. H. Calhoun, Chief, Division of Civil Affairs.

Ben M. Williams, Superintendent, Division of Schools.

E. F. Attaway, General Secretary, Bureau of Clubs and Playgrounds.
N. A. Becker, Land Agent and Assistant Counsel, Ancon.

Department of Operation and Maintenance

(Under immediate direction of the Governor as head of the department)
Headquarters, Balboa Heights

Lieut. Col. C. S. Ridley, U. S. A., Engineer of Maintenance.

J. G. Claybourn, Superintendent, Dredging Division, Paraiso.

Leonard Foote, Assistant Superintendent, Dredging Division, Paraiso.

E. S. Randolph, Construction Engineer, Madden Dam Division.
Maj. Wm. E. R. Covell, U. S. A., Assistant Engineer of Maintenance.

A. C. Garlington, Electrical Engineer, Electrical Division.

G. W. Green, Municipal Engineer, Division of Municipal Engineering.

L. W. Lewis, Office Engineer.

E. D. Still WELL, Superintendent, Locks Division, Pedro Miguel.
R. Z. Kirkpatrick, Chief of Surveys, Section of Surveys.

Capt. WjM. Ancrum, U. S. N., Marine Superintendent, Marine Division.

Commander Thomas A. Symington, U. S. N., Captain of the Port, Cristobal.
Lieut. Commant)ER L. B. Scott, U. S. N., Captain of the Port, Balboa.
Lieut. Commander Asa V. Watson, U. S. N., Assistant to Marine Superintendent.
Board of Local Inspectors, Commander Thomas A. Symington, U. S. N., Chair-
man, Lieut. Comuanbeii L. B. Scott, U. S. N., and Lieut. Commander Asa V.
Watson, U. S. N., members.
Board of Admeasurement, Capt. Wm. Ancrum, U.S. N.,C/?flzVOTa«,F.deV. Sill,
Balboa, F. E. Williams, Cristobal, members.

John J. Walker, Recorder for Board of Local Inspectors and Board of Admeasurement.
O. Maessen, Inspector of Hulls and Boilers.

F. Kariger, Pilot in Charge, Lighthouse Subdivision, Gatun.

Lieut. Commander Chas. F. Osborn, Naval Constructor, U.S.N., Superintendent,

Mechanical Division, Balboa.
H. H. Evans, Assistant Superintendent, Mechanical Division, Balboa.
Lieut. Roy T. Co'RT)rey, U. S. N., Assistant to the Superintendent, Mechanical

Division, Balboa.
W. H. Stone, Production Superintendent, Cristobal Shops, Cristobal.

Supply Department

Headquarters, Balboa Heights

Roy R. Watson, Chief Quartermaster.
J. H. K. Humphrey, Assistant Chief Quartermaster.

Samuel Grier, General Foreman, Transportation Division.
J. E. HiGGlNS, Director, Canal Zone E.xperiment Gardens.

B. C. Poole, District Quartermaster, Ancon-Balboa, Balboa Heights.
J. M. King, District Quartermaster, Cristobal-Gatun, Cristobal.

C. Peters, District Quartermaster, Pedro Miguel.
Wm. T. McCormack, Manager, Hotel Tivoli, Ancon.
Jas. E. Lewis, Manager, Hotel Washington, Cristobal.

A. W. Goulet, General Manager, Commissary Division, Mt. Hope (P. R. R.).

J. B. Fields, Constructing Quartermaster.

E. H. Parmelee, General Storekeeper, Balboa.

A. P. E. Doyle, Printer, The Panama Canal Press, Mount Hope.


Accounting Department

Headquarters, Balboa Heights

Elwyn Greene, Auditor, The Panama Canal.

Wilson H. Kromer, Assistant Auditor on the Isthmus.

Robert VV. Glaw, Paymaster.

Alfred H. Mohr, Collector.

Carl F. Chase, Chief Accountant.

T. M. Drake, Chief Examiner.

H. H. Hudson, Claim Ofilicer.

J. R. BoBBiTT, Railroad Accountant.

Health Department

Headquarters, Balboa Heights
Col. O. G. Brown, U. S. A., Chief Health Officer.
Dr. D. p. Curry, Assistant Chief Health Officer.
Dr. Chas. V. Akin, U. S. P. H. S., Chief Quarantine Ofificer.
Col. Edgar King, U. S. A., Superintendent, Gorgas Hospital, Ancon.
Maj. D. F. Winn, U. S. A., Superintendent, Colon Hospital, Cristobal.
Maj. F. H. Dixon, U. S. A., Superintendent, Corozal Hospital, Corozal.
Dr. J. L. Byrd, Health Officer of Panama City, Ancon.
Dr. J. C. Ellington, Health Officer of Cristobal-Colon, Cristobal.
Dr. C. a. Hearne, Quarantine Officer, Cristobal.
Dr. J. D. Odom, Quarantine Officer, Balboa.

Wage and Complaints Boards

Balboa Heights
Wage Board:
Maj, Wm. E. R. Covell, representing The Panama Canal.
H. A. McConaughey', representing employees.
Complaints Board:

Maj. Wm. E. R. Covell, and Head of Department or Division interested, repre-
senting The Panama Canal.
H. A. McConaughey and one other, representing emploj'ees.

The Panama Canal in the United States

Headquarters, Munitions Building, 19th St. and Constitution Ave., NW., Washington, D. C,
A. L. Flint, General Purchasing Officer and Chief of Office.
E. E. Weise, Assistant to the Chief of Office.
E. D. Anderson, Chief Clerk, Purchasing Department.
H. A. A. Smith, Assistant Auditor.

W. J. Sheridan, Assistant Purchasing Agent, 24 State St., New York, N. Y.
W. A. E. DoYiNG, Inspecting Engineer, Washington, D. C.

Panama Railroad Company

Headquarters, Balboa Heights

Lieut. Col. J. L. Schley, U. S. A., President.

Lieut. Col. C. S. Ridley, U. S. A., Second Vice President.
R. B. Walker, General Manager.

Chas. W. Lee, Assistant to the General Manager and Commercial Agent.

W. F. Foster, Superintendent and Master of Transportation.

E. McTucKER, Roadmaster.

C, T. Lindsay, Receiving and Forwarding Agent, Cristobal.
John O. Collins, Counsel, Ancon.

Office in the United Stales, 24 State Street, New York City
. H. Rossbottom, Vice President.

W. R. Pfizer, Assistant to Vice President and Secretary.
V. M. Newton, Treasurer.
G. L. Selkirk, Auditor.
W. K. B. Potts, Superintendent.
Richard Reid Rogers, General Counsel.
T. S. Sprague, Freight Traffic Manager.
A. M. Gibson, Passenger Agent.
W. J. Sheridan, Commissary Purchasing Agent.

(Continued on following page.)



July Id, 193i

Courts of Canal Zone

U.S. District Court:

Richard C. P. Thomas, District Judge, Ancon.

J. J. Walker, Clerk of Court, Ancon.

J. S. Campbell, Deputy Clerk of Court, Cristobal.
J. J. McGuiGAN, District Attorney, Ancon.
John T. Barrett, Canal Zone Marshal, Ancon.

Magistrates Courts:

P. E. Murray, Magistrate, Balboa.

E. I. P. Tatelman, Magistrate, Cristobal.

Official Publications of Interest to Shipping

Masters may obtain from the office of the Captain of the Port, at either Cristobal
or Balboa, without charge, the "Rules and Regulations Governing Navigation of
The Panama Canal and Adjacent Waters," and the current Tariff of charges at the
CanaL for supplies and services.

Requests for Canal publications sent by mail should be addressed to: The Panama
Canal, Balboa Heights, C.Z.; or, when more convenient, to The Panama Canal,
Washington, D.C.

The Hydrographic Ofifice at Cristobal maintains at all times a complete stock of
navigational charts and books, including charts of all parts of the world, sailing
directions of the world, nautical tables, light lists, tide tables, nautical almanacs, etc.

At the office of the Port Captain in Balboa, a limited stock of navigational charts,
books, etc., is also carried, and this office is in a position to fill practically any order
in this connection that a ship might place.

Copies of current issues of Pilot Charts, Notices to Mariners, and Hydrographic
Bulletins may be obtained in return for marine information.

Observations of weather, ocean currents, and other marine data collected, and
blanks, instructions, barometer comparisons, etc., furnished.

Correct time is maintained and chronometers rated.

Prices of Miscellaneous Supplies at Panama Canal Storehouses

The following are prices, including the 25 percent surcharge, to individuals and
companies, as of July 15, 1934:


Brass, bar, average

Brass, sheet, average

Bronze, Tobin, average

Gasoline, motor grade

Metal, yellow

Oakum, Navy, spun

Oakum, Navy, unspun

Oil, gun and ice machine

Oil, burning, Colza

Oil, engine, gas, light, in drums, No. 2135

Oil, engine, gas, extra heavy, in cases, No. 2250. . . .
Oil, engine, gas, extra heavy, in drums, No. 2250. . .

Oil, kerosene, in drums

Oil, marine engine

Paint, lead, white, dry

Paint, lead, white, in oil

Paint, zinc oxide, dry

Paint, zinc oxide, in oil

Grease, gear, chain and wire rofje, lubricating

Grease, yellow, cup, No. 3, medium

Grease, yellow, cup. No. 5, hard

Soda, ash

Waste, cotton, colored

Waste, cotton, white



















































Publication of Notices and Circulars of Interest to Shipping

Important Panama Canal notices to mariners, notices to steamship lines, and general circulars of
interest to shipping in its relation to the Canal are published in The Panam.\ Canal Record. For
this reason it is considered unnecessary to make a separate general distribution away from the Isthmus
of such notices and circulars to those receiving The Panama Canal Record. Shipping interests
are advised to look for them in tliis paper, which is supplied to them without charge.


Activities, terminal, monthly statements, 6, 22,
38, 54, 74, 91, 106, 123, 139, 159, 179, 195.
Aids to navigation:

Bahia Honda, Republic of Panama, addi-
tional shoals discovered, 116.
Bas Obispo Reach, Panama Canal, dredging

operations discontinued, 100.
Buenaventura River, shoals in, 124.
Cartagena Harbor, aids established and

moved, 170.
Cucaracha Reach, Panama Canal, rear range

target light, 65.
Gaillard Cut, Panama Canal, change in
lights, 100.

Entrance to, 124.
Gamboa Reach, Panama Canal, range lights,

Gulf of Venezuela, pinnacle rock reported, 14.
Hydrographic broadcasts, change in, 16.
Montijo Bay, Panama, chart unreliable, 149.

Gas buoy established, 188.
Naranjas Island, Panama, shoal reported,

Additional information, 170.
Panama Bay, Chame cove, lighthouse in,

Panama Canal, lights discontinued tempo-
rarily, 149.
Panama Canal, Ancon Hill, radio masts and

lights on, 203.
Porto Bello, nonexistence of light, 65.
Quita Sueno Bank, wreck on, 46.
Radio direction finders, Darien and Toro

Point, 84.
Alcoholic liquors. Supplement 7 to Tariff 11, 100.
American Consuls, information from, standing

notice published at intervals, 116.
Anchorages, mercliant ships. Supplement No. 5
to Rules and Regulations for Navigation of
Canal, 204.
Applications for positions as pilot, 149.

As pilot or marine engineer, 188.

Col. Orville G. Brown appointed Chief Health

Officer, 204.
Lt. Comdr. Charles F. Osborn appointed

Superintendent, Mechanical Division,


Bills of health for the Canal Zone, 170.
Brion sinks in Gatun Lake, 132.
Brown, Col. Orville G., appointed Chief Health
Officer, 204.

Coal, Supplement No. 6 to Tariff No. 11, 83.
Supplement No. 11 to Tariff No. 11, 171.

Code of signals, new internation , 67.

Commodities in U.S. intercoastal trade and in de-
tail, monthly statements, 2. 19, 35, 51, 71, 87,
103, 119, 135, 155, 175, 191.

Commodities, principal, monthly statements, 2,
19. 35, 51, 71, 87, 103, 119, 135, 155, 175,
Through Canal in fiscal year, 1933, 47.

Comparison of Canal traffic, current month with
that month in previous years, monthly state-
ments, 6, 22, 38, 54, 74, 90, 106, 122, 139, 158,
178, 194.

Comparison of current year's traffic with that of
previous years, monthly statements, 1, 17,
a, 49, 69, 85, 101, 117, 133, 153, 173, 194.

Consuls, American, information from, standing
notice published at intervals, 116.

Corundu Military Reservation, Executive Order
correcting description of, 180.

Court, District, transfer to Department of Jus-
tice, Executive Order, 67.

Cristobal Shops, reconstruction of, 150.

Customs and Quarantine, overtime service, 149.

Delay to Canal traffic, 160.

Destination and origin of cargo by major areas,

monthly statements, 18, 34, SO, 70, 86, 102,

118, 134, 154, 174, 190.
Detail of commodities through the Canal, 2, 19,

35, 51, 71, 87, 103, 119, 135, 155, 175, 191.
Diesel oil. Supplement No. 3 to Tariff No. 11, 14.

Supplement No. 5 to Tariff No. 11, 66.
Directory of Panama Canal and Panama Rail-
road, 206.

Telephone, revision of, 48.
District Court transferred to Department of Jus-
tice, Executive Order, 67.
Drydock, new, at Cristobal, 13.

Placed in use, 83.
Drydocks, Supplement No. 8 to Tariff No. 11,


Engineer, marine, applications for position as,

188. 205.
Executive Orders:

Interest on postal money orders, 132.

Correction of description of Corundu Mili-
tary reservation, 180.

Licenses to practice medicine in the Canal
Zone, 23.

Transfer of District Courts to Department of
Justice, 67.

Cargo, discharged and laden at terminal ports,
39, 55, 75, 91, 107, 123, 140, 159, 179,
Handled at terminal ports, monthly state-
ments, 6, 22, 38, 54, 75, 91, 123, 139,
159, 179, 195.
Origin and destination of by major areas, 18,
34, 50, 70, 86, 102, 118, 134, 154, 174,
Stevedoring and transferring. Supplement
No. 5 to Tariff 11, 66.
Cargoes, hazardous. Supplement No. 4 to Rules
and Regulations for Navigation of Canal,
Census of the Canal Zone, 15.
Chandlery supplies, standing notice published at

intervals, 205.
Charges for radio to and from ships, reduction in,

Coal and wood. Supplement 25 to Tariff G, 171.
Coal, price of, standing notice published at inter-
vals, 172.

Ferry, Thatcher, record travel on, 149.

First ship through the Canal, 30.

Flood warning system on rivers tributary to Mad-
den Lake, 31.

Foreign naval vessels through Canal, fiscal year
1934. 196.

Fuel and Diesel oils. Supplement No. 5 to Tariff
No. 11, 66.

Fuel oil, price of from Panama Canal tanks. Sup-
plement No. 4 to Tariff No. 11, 23.

Facilities for shipping, standing notice published
at intervals, 23.


Hazardous cargoes. Supplement No. 4 to navi-
gation regulations, 124, 204.

Health, bills of, for Canal Zone, 170.

High Panama Canal net tonnage during March
1934, 140.

Highway, trans-Isthmian, copy of survey for de-
livered to Republic of Panama, 15.

Holiday greetings, 83.




Increase in Panama Canal traffic, 63.
Information from American consuls, standing

notice published at intervals, 116.
Information to be furnished by vessels carrying

petroleum products, 169.
Interest on postal money orders. Executive Order,

International code of signals, new, 67.

Lighter No. 87, Supplement No. -3 to Tariff No.

11, 14.
Liquors, alcoholic, Supplement No. 7 to Tariff No.

11, 100.
Lubricating oils in Panama Canal storehouses,

notice published at intervals, 152.


M.\dden Lake, flood warning system, 31.
Marine engineer, applications for position as, 188,

Money orders, postal, interest on. Executive

Order, 132.
Movements of ocean vessels through Canal. See

each issue.


Nationality of traffic, calendar year 1933, 92.

Fiscal year 1934, 196.

Monthly statements of, 1, 17, 33, 49, 69, 85,
101, 117, 133, 153, 173, 189.
Naval vessels, foreign, through Canal, fiscal vear

1934, 196.
Navigation regulations:

Supplement No. 4, hazardous cargoes, 124,

Supplement No. 5, merchant ship anchor-
ages. 204.
New drydock at Cristobal, 13.

Placed in service, 83.
Nippon Yusen Kaisha constructing 6 new vessels

for east coast U.S. -Far East silk trade, 204.
Notaries public in the Canal Zone, 16.
Notices and circulars of interest to shipping,

Online LibraryIsthmian Canal Commission (U.S.Panama Canal record (Volume v.27 (1933-34)) → online text (page 45 of 46)