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West Indian hurricane. The path of these
storms is well to the northward of the Isthmus
but a rough sea accompanied by brisk winds
may be occasionally experienced outside the
breakwater following the passage of one of
these storms. Generally cloudy weather will
continue over both coasts, and smooth seas
are usually experienced at the Pacific en-
trance during the month of October.

Tides — The extreme tidal range at Colon
is less than two feet, and tidal fluctuations at
the Atlantic entrance need not be considered.
The average tidal fluctuation at Balboa
is 13 feet, while the maximum range maj
reach 20 feet.

Panama (Balboa) tide predictions for the
next four weeks are presented in the follow-
ing table:

The tides are placed in the order of occurrence, with
their times on the first line and heights on the second
line of each day; a comparison of consecutive heights
will indicate whether it is high or low water. The
heights, in feet and tenths, are reckoned from mean low
water springs, which is the datum of soundings on the
Coast and Geodetic survey charts for this region, and
which is 8.0 feet below mean sealevel. To find the depth
of water, add the tabular height to the soundings given
on the chart, unless a minus (-) sign is before the height ,
in which case subtract it.

The time used is Cosmopolitan Standard, for the
meridian 75° W. The hours of the dav are numbered
consecutively from 0A (midnight) to 2ih (11:00 p. m.).
All hours greater than 12 are in the afternoon (p. m.)
and when diminished bv 12 give the usual reckoning;
fur instance: 15:47 is 3.47 p. m.

. SEPTEMBER.



Date.


Time


and height of hig}
low water.


and


Wed., Sept. IS


1 :18


7:16


13:49


19:49




0.9


15.4


0.6


14


Thurs., Sept. 16


2:09


8:09


14:46


20:48




1.9


14.3


1.6


13.0


Fri., Sept. 17


3:12


9:13


15 :53


22 :04




2.9


13.3


2.4


12.3


Sat., Sept. 18


4:26


10:36


17:09


23:25




3.6


12.5


2.8


12.2


Sun., Sept. 19


5:46


12 :06


18 :24






3 6


12.5


2.5




Mon., Sept. 20


0:55


6:58


13:22


19:29




12.8


2.9


13.1


1 9




1 :59


8:00


14:21


20:23




13.8


2.0


13.9


1.2


Wed.. Sept. 22


2 :48


8:50


15 :09


21 :10




14.7


1.1


14.6


0.6


Thurs., Sept. 23


3:31


9:36


15 :52


21 :53




15.3


0.4


15.(1


0.3


Fri., Sept. 24


4:10


10:16


16:31


22:33




15.7


0.0


15.2


0.3




4:46


10:55


17:07


23:10




15.7


-0.1


15.1


0.5


Sun., Sept. 26


5:21


11:32


17:42


23 :4S




15.3


0.2


14.7


1.1


Mon., Sept. 27


5:53


12:09


IS :17






14.8


0.8


14.0




Tues., Sept. 28


0:25


6:26


12:48


1S:52




1.9


14.0


1.6


13.2


Wed., Sept. 29


1:04


6:59


13:28


19:30




2.8


13.2


2.5


12.3


Thurs., Sept. 30


1:46


7:37


14:14


20:13




3.7


12.3


3.4


11.4



Date.


Time


and height of higi
low water.


and


Fri., October 1


2:36


8:23


15 :09


21 :13




4.6


11.4


4. 1


" 10.7


Sat.. October 2


3:34


9:2S


16:14


22:31




5.2


Hi s


4.5


10.5




4:4S


10 :53


17:22


23:51




5.4


10.6


4 4


10.9


Mon., October 4


5:58
4.9


12 :10
111


18 :24
3.9






0:51


6:55


13 :09


19:15




11.7


4.0


11.


3.0


Wed., October 6


1:37


7 :4i


13 :5S


20:00




u e


2.7


12 9


2.0


Thurs., October 7.. .


2:16


8:26


14:57


20:41




14


1 .5


14


1.0


Fri., October 8


2 :53


9:06


15 ;16


21 :23




15 2


0.2


1.


0.2


Sat., October 9


3:31


9:47


15:54


22:02




16.1


-0.8


15 8


-0.4


Sun., October 10


4:08


10:28


16:33


22 :44




16.8


-1.4


16.2


-0.7


Mon., October 11.. .


4:47


11 :10


17 :14


23:27




17.1


-1.6


16.2


-0.6


Tues., October 12...


5 :27


11 :54


17 :57






16.9


-1.3


15.9




Wed., October 13...


0:12


6:12


12 :40


18:44




0.0


16.3


11 I,


15.2


Thurs., October 14..


1 :01


7 :00


13 :32


19:36




0.8


15.3


0.4


14.2



Rainfall from September 1 to 11, 1915. Inclusive.



Pacific Section—

Balboa

Balboa Heights . .,

Miiaflores

Pedro Miguel ....

Kir Grande

i . ... tion —

*Culebra

m ho

Empire

Garnboa

*Juan Mir.a

AJhajuela

*Vi^ia

Frtjoles

♦Monte Lirio. . . .
Atlantic Section —

Gatun

* Brazos Brook. . .

Colon

*Bocas del Toro.



I














rt


S


a


Ins.

.69


n


.41


u


.61


i


.61


2


.84


6


.78


7


1 .02


7


.54


6


.70


8


1 . 56


7


.75


3


.88


7


1 .83


6


2.30


7


1.30


4




9


. 79


7



1.54
1.31
1.50
1.83
2.26

1.39



3.36
3.92

4.01
5.29

6.50
5.08
2.89



*Standard rain gage — readings at 5 p. m. daily.
Automatic rain gage at unstarred stations — values
midnight to midnight.



Stages of the Chagres River, Gatun Lake, and
Miruflores Lake.
Maximum heights of the Chagres River. Gatun and
Minn ires Lakes for the week ending midnight, Sat-
ptember 11. 1915:



Day and Date.



Stations.



Sun., Sept. 5 129.20

Mon.. Sept. 6 .
i

Wed., Sept. 8
Thurs., Sept. 5
I
Sat., Sept. 11.



1. id. 50
130.6
127
126.85
127.05
126 85



Heights of low water
to nearest toot



125



95.15
95.
'•5 60

93.32

93.6



O OJ



5 3



86. 10 86.05 53.77
86. 19S6.1>|53.89
86.11 36.09 54.10
86. Kl'-O.o; 54. 14
86. ICH86. 14 54.05
., H 6 05 54.37
86.1186.05 54.41



91.0



Family Quarters.
Applications for married quarters on file
on August 31, 1915, were as follows:

Stations. Number of

applications.

Ancon 418 (177)

Ancon Hospital ^ ( 3 )

Paraiso i 15s (30)

Gatun 106 (19)

CristoBal 135 (30)

Total ! 824(259)

Note — The figures in parentheses show the number
of applicants already occupying regular or nonhou^c-
keeping family quarters at stations other than those at
which applications are filed.



32



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IX, No. 4.



MOVEMENTS OF OCEAN VESSELS.

(Week ending at 6 p. m., September 12, 1915.)



THROUGH THE CANAL — ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC.



Date


Vessel


Nationality


Line


From


For


CARGO


CANAL
TONNAGE


Entered


Nature


Tons


Gross


Net


Sept. 7 ... .
Sept 7 . ..
Sept. 7
Sept. 7
Sept. S

Sept. 8

Si ■ 9
Sept. 16....
Sept. Hi....
Sept. 11....
Sept. 12....
Sept. 12....


Cambrian King... .


Britisli

British

British

British

British

British

Norwi gian. . . .

h

h

British

British

Britisli

Dutch

American


Clifton Shipping Co., Ltd 1 Newport News




Fuel

General


5.20(1
7.057
570
3.031
3,800
7.291
7,500
5,036
12.500
7.120
7.311
4,525
6,477
8,500


3,947
5.701
2.021
3.222
4,649
4,737
5,865
4.S42
9.336
4,873
5,452
3.873
5,677
6.477




Vladivostok

San Francisco

Valparaiso

San Francisco. . . .

Wellington

Vladivostok

Santa Rosalia

Auckland


3,913




New York& Pacific S. S. Co.. . .














3.354
3,411
4,430
3,540

6.682
3,669
4.075





Westminster S. S. Co., Ltd


















Commonv. eall.h & Dora. Line... .
Earl cf Elgin S. S. Co., Ltd , ,






Baron 1 ':■.






Port Arthur


Auckland

Caleta Colusa. . . .


Petroleum

Oil




Coal








Petroleum

General






Netherland Indian Tank S. S. Co

American-Hawaiian Line..








Los Angeles


6.556


7.825


5.715



THROUGH THE CANAL— PACIFIC TO ATLANTIC.



Sept. 8...
Sept. 9...
Sept. 9..
Sept. 11..
Sept. 11..
Sept. 11..
Sept. 11..
Sept. 12
Sept. 12..

Sept. 12.



Lewis Lut kenbach..
Ucayali



Finland

Lewiskam.



American .
Peruvian . .

Chilean. .
American.
American.

British. . .



| British.

Selandia. . .

Terrier . . . .

I
Potomac. . .
Tokai Mai-
Santa Cruz



Danish.
Norwegian. . .
American. . . .
British

American. . . .



Luckenbach Line

Peruvian Line

South American S. S. Co

Panama Pacific Line

Boston-Virginia Trans. Co.. ,

Johnson Line

Britain S. S. Co

Commonwealth S: Australia Line

East Asiatic Line

YV. Wilhelmsen Line

American-Hawaiian Line

Furness, Withy & Co

Meiji Kaiun Kabushiki Kaisha
W. R. Grace & Co



San Francisco.

Mollendo

Talcahuano . . .
San Francisco .
Bellingham. . .
San Francisco.
Cruz Grande.

Port Pirie

Iquique

Taltal

Portland

Mejillones

Portland

San Francisco



New York

Cristobal

Cristobal

New York

N. Y. and Boston

Santos

Philadelphia

Galveston

Copenhagen

Colon, fcr orders..

Charleston

Colon, for orders.,

England

New York



General, lumber. .

General

General

General

Lumber

General

Zinc concentrates

Nitrates

Nitrates

General

Nitrates

Wheat

General ,



4,010


4.599


2.622


4,278


1,271


4.S63


2,000


13.122


3,500


2,752


4,120


5,298


4,150


3.021


5,020


4,388


6,059


5.441


8.200


5.495


5,350


4,513


5.6S4


3,934


5.250


4,086


6,000


5,427



*Other than vessels which passed through the Canal.



8,485
1,730
4,001
2,103
3.232
4.090
4,032
3,103
2,930
2.971
3,751



^Arrivals and Expected Arrivals from Atlantic.



*Arrivals and Expected Arrivals from Pacific.



Date


Vessel


Line


From


Date


Vessel


Line


From




Towa Maru

Gen. Manuel Bonilla




Philadelphia.
New York.
Newport News.
Kingston.
Glasgow.
Gotenberg.


Sept. 13....
Sept. 14....
Sept. 15....
Sept. 16....


Egremont Castle


Lancashire Shipping Co

Bruusgaard Kiosterud


Singapore.


Sept. 11....
SLpt. 12... .




W. Hart lei ool S. Nav. Co. .


Crown ofGalicia. . .






Orm. S. S. Co., Ltd








Ocean S. S. Co., Ltd

Johnson Line






Sept. 12....











PORT OF CRISTOBAL.







* Arrivals.






*Departures.




Date


Vessel


Line


From Dale


Vessel


Line


To




Siena




Bicelona. h Sept. 10....

Bordeaux. Sept. 11

Port Limon. || Sept. 12.'..


Wegadesk

Siena




Felton, Cuba.
Genoa, way ports.
Bristol, way pts.
Barcelona, way pts.


















Sept. 11....


Camito


Elders & Fyffes


Buenos Aires 1 Spanish Line







*Expected Arrivals.






'Expected Departures.










Norfolk.
London.


Sept. 16....
Sept. 17....


Puerto Rico

Magdalena

Tabor




B


Sept. 15...


. Magdalena


Royal Mail S. Packet Co. . .


Royal Mail S. Packet Co. .
Earn Line


London.
I Cuban ports.



♦Other than vessels which passed through the Canal, United Fruit Company's vessels, and vessels in regular service to the United States.



PORT OF BALBOA.



♦Departures.



Stanley Dollar Dollar Line Valparai



♦Expected Arrivals.



♦Expected Departures.



♦Other than vessels passing through tlte Canal.



Sailings of Vessels in Regular Service with the
United States.



NEW YORK TO CRISTOBAL-COLON.

Sails.



Almirante. .



Zacapa

Allianca

Calamares . .



A w'ves.



. U.K. C. Sept. R Sept. 15

.P. R. R. Sept. 9 Sept. IS

.U. F. CSept. 11 Sept. 19

.U. F. C.Sept. 15 Sept. 22

. P. R. R. . Sept. 16 Sept. 22

.U. F. C.Sept. 18 Sept. 26



Carrillo U. F. C.Sept.


22..


.Sept.


29


Colon P. R. R..Sept.


23..


.Sept.


29


CRISTOBAL-COLON TO NEW YORK.






Santa Marta U. F. C. . Sept.


16..


.Sept.


23


Advance P. R. R..Sept.


18..


.Sept.


25


U. F. C.Sept.


20. ..


.Sept.


28


Almirante U. F. C.Sept.


23..


. Sept.


30


Panama P. R. R. . Sept.


25..


.Oct.


1


Pastores U. F. C. Sept.


27..


..Oct.


4


Zacapa U. F. C.Sept.


_30..


..Oct.


7



NEW ORLEANS TO CRISTOBAL-COLON.

Abangarez U. F. C. Sept. 8 Sept. 15

Parismina U.F.C.Sept. 11 Sept. 16

Atenas U.F.C.Sept. 15 Sept. 22

Cartago U.F.C.Sept. 18 Sept. 23

Turrialba U.F.C.Sept. 22 Sept. 29

CRISTOBAL-COLON TO NEW ORLEANS.

Heredia U.F.C.Sept. 16 Sept. 21

Abangarez U.F.C.Sept. 16 Sept. 23

Parismina U.F.C.Sept. 23 Sept. 28

Atenas U.F.C.Sept. 23 Sept. 30-



CANAL




RECORD



Volume IX. BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1915. No. 5.



The Canal Record



Official publication of The Panama Canal.

The Canal Record is published every week. The sub-
scription rate is $1 per year in the United Slates and
its possessions, and in Canada. Cuba. Mexico, and
Panama (domestic postage), and $1.50 in other countries
(foreign postage). The paper is furnished free to United
States Government departments, representatives of foreign
governments, public libraries, and employes of The
Panama Canal and the Panama Railroad Company
whose names are on the gold roll.

All subscriptions expire on December 31. Domestic
subscriptions are accordingly charged as beginning from
the first of the quarter of the year in which received. K< -
miltances should be made to pay only to December 31,
on this basis: Sent between July 1 and October 1 . 50 cents;
between October I and January 1, 25 cents. For foreign
subscriptions the year is divided into thirds; and remit-
tances for the remainder of this year should be: Between
September 1 and January 1. 50 cents.

Remittances for subscriptions may be forwarded to
The Panama Canal, Washington, D. C, or to The
Canal Record at the address given below.

Address all Communications,

THE CANAL RECORD,

Balboa Heights, Canal Zone,

Isthmus of Panama.



NOTES OF PROGRESS.



Further Movement of Slides at Culebra.

Further movement of the slides at Culebra,
notably that on the east bank of the Cut,
directly north of Gold Hill, on Saturday and
Sunday, September 18 and 19, caused another
complete suspension of Canal traffic, which has
lasted since that time. The 15-yard dipper
dredge Paraiso, which had been withdrawn
from the slides earlier in the week for repairs,
was returned to service on Saturday, Sep-
tember 18, and excavation in the blocked
section is being pushed by means of five
dredges, working 2-1 hours a day. A de-
scription of the slides at Culebra, which are
causing all the trouble at present, was publish-
ed in The Canal Record of last week.



Canal Terminal Office Building at Balboa.

Authority has been granted for the erection
of a 3-story concrete building alongside the
new Balboa docks to serve as a Canal terminal
office building. It will house the offices of the
Captain of the Port on the third floor, offices
of the receiving and forwarding forces of the
Panama Railroad on the first floor, and the
second floor will be available for lease to the
representatives of steamship lines, or other
maritime interests, or for the use of other de-
partments of The Panama Canal which may
require offices on the water front.

The projects call for between 3,000 and
3,600 square feet of floor space on each floor,
exclusive of porches. The preliminary sketches
being drafted in the office of the Canal
Architect provide for a building 1-46 feet
long by 42 feet wide, over all, with porches
along the front and ends. The general
features of construction will harmonize with
those of the shops _office_ building, which



is now housing the offices of the Port
Captain, customs officers, and representa-
tives of the Supply Department, in ad-
dition to the offices of the -Mechanical
Division, for which the building was erected.
The Canal terminal office building is to be
situated near the head of the slip between the
quay wall (Dock 16) and Pier 18, and will
be readily accessible to shipping. The wooden
buildings near the end of the steel pier, oc-
cupied now by Panama Railroad terminal
offices and steamship offices, will probably be
removed by May 1, 1916.

The construction of a similar terminal
building at Cristobal is under consideration.

■•

No Wharfage Charges for Taking Oil.

Directions have been issued that no charge
for wharfage shall be made against vessels
tying up at the oil crib at Balboa for the sole
purpose of taking oil, whether from the tanks
of The Panama Canal or from those of pri-
vate corporations. This is in line with the
previous order that no charges should be
made for wharfage on vessels tying up to
take on coal or other supplies from The
Panama Canal.



Return of the "Newport".

The United States Navy gunboat Newport,
in use as a training ship for the school con-
ducted by the State of New York for the in-
struction of young men in the duties of officers
in the merchant marine, arrived at Balboa on
September 14 for transit of the Canal. The
Neivport passed through the Canal on May
30 on the outward voyage of the summer
practice cruise, and cleared for Honolulu.
She has returned to the Canal from San Diego,
and will make her way to New York to
remain there for the winter session of the
school. The work of the school to which the
Newport is attached is similar to the work of
the Massachusetts Nautical Training School,
which was described in The Canal Record
of July 7, 1915, following the visit of its
training ship, the Navy gunboat Ranger, to
Cristobal.



Meter to Measure Direction as Well as Velocity
of Currents.

For the more accurate determination of
currents which may be set up in various parts
of the Canal, as by the inflow of rivers into
the lakes, the operation of the spillways, and
the operations during lockages, the Section
of Hydrography and Meteorology has secured
a current meter which, in addition to record-
ing the velocity of a current at any depth, as
the usual meters do, will indicate the direction
of the current at any depth. By the use of
this instrument it is possible to secure data on
every component of a current, and by charting
them, to attain a Very accurate idea of the
aggregate effect of any current to which ves-
sels are liable to be subjected. The instrument
was tested last week from the track at the
meter rating station on an arm of Mira-



flores Lake, adjoining Pedro Miguel, and will
be used shortly in observations on the currents
set up in Gatun Lake, in the area between the
south end of Gatun Locks and the nearest
island, Gurapo, by the flow of water through
the spillway of the lake.

The essential difference between this instru-
ment and those previously in use on the Canal
Zone is the direction indicator. Within the
central part of the submerged meter (which
indicates the velocity of the current by
the revolutions of a propeller) is a com-
pass, the need.le of which is free to assume
the magnetic meridian when released through
an electric current. An indicator, in the
equipment which is kept above water, is
operated by clockwork, which, in turn, is in
sychrononous connection with a clock at-
tached to the true compass within the meter.
Before the meter is submerged the compass
needle and the needle of the indicator are set
at zero on the azimuth scale. When the com-
pass needle is released it swings to north,
operating thereby the clockwork, which swings
the indicator needle through the same arc.

The direction-current meter will measure
accurately currents running between .2 foot
per second and 30 feet per second, that is,
from 720 feet to 20 miles an hour. Expressed
in knots, this means from one-eighth of a
knot to 17.8 knots.



Mooring Station Opposite Dock 13, Cristobal.

A dolphin mooring station has been estab-
lished on the west side of the French canal,
opposite Dock 13 at Cristobal, as a convenient
tying-up place for barges, tugs, and steamers,
and principally to avoid congestion at Dock
13. The dolphins extend for a distance of
about 900 feet, and are driven approximately
100 feet apart. The station is to be extended
400 feet when more piles are available. The
dolphins have been set well clear of the main
dredged channel, which is about 35 feet deep.

While attempting to straighten one of the
dolphins at the mooring station at Gamboa, on
Thursday, September 16, a crane barge
operated by the Marine Division pulled be-
yond its capacity, which resulted in breaking
some of the holding-down bolts, overturning
the crane proper, and nearly capsizing the
barge. The equipment was withdrawn on the
following day for repairs, and is now at the
Cristobal dry dock shops.



Shipment from the Philippines.

The British steamship Calliope arrived at
Balboa in the morning of Thursday, Septem-
ber 16, from the Philippine Islands on the
way to New York. Her cargo consists of
5,000 tons of sugar from Iloilo, 2,000
of which were consigned to New York, with
3,000 subject to orders on delivery, and 625
tons of hemp and 125 tons of cotton, from
Cebu for New York. This was the first
voyage of the Calliope through the Canal.



34



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IX, No. 5.



Motor Bus Service.

The Panama Railroad has issued for general
distribution time table No. 1 for the motor
bus service between the Hotel Tivoli and
Fort Amador, by way of Balboa Heights and
Balboa. The trip over the course in either
direction requires 30 minutes, or exactly one
hour for a round trip. Three cars, circulating
over the course, make possible a departure
from any point in either direction every 20
minutes. Cars leave the Administration
Building for Ancon, for instance, regularly
at three minutes after the hour, 23 minutes
after, and 43 minutes after, once the cars
have been placed on the run from the garage
in the morning.

The cars were placed in operation on June
25. During June 1,273 fares were collected;
during July, 16,341; and during August, 18,-
583, making the total to September 1,
amount to 36,197.



Wrecking Train Engine in General Service.

Locomotive No. 217, formerly used ex-
clusively for hauling the wrecking crane outfit,
has been turned in for general service and
hereafter when an engine is required for the
wrecker it will be secured from the roundhouse.
It is believed that this arrangement will not
only add a serviceable locomotive to the stock
in regular use but will effect considerable
economies in the operation of the wrecking
outfit. The charge for the service of the
wrecker with full crew, to any division re-
quiring its use, is $20 per hour.



A quantity of bronze numerals, 3| inches
high, has been ordered from the United States
for use in numbering the concrete build-
ings of The Panama Canal and the Panama
Railroad Company at Balboa and Ancon.
Each separate number will be cast with lugs
on the back, and will be attached to the con-
crete wall surface by gouging out holes into
which to insert the lugs, then filling the sur-
rounding spaces with stucco plaster to enclose
them. The numerals have flat surfaces.

This step is in harmony with a recent de-
cision to use hereafter bronze letters and
numerals for signs on the buildings, instead
of figures in raised concrete, such as were used
on the new stations of the Panama Railroad
at Balboa Heights and Corozal, or the indent-
ed figures used on the hydroelectric station
and the transmission line substations, or the
front of the Administration Building, for
example. The bronze letters and numerals
are cheaper, more durable, and capable of
being removed without being destroyed.

At the same time, some of the hand-painted
signs, as those for the Balboa dispensary, and
for other permanent buildings to be con-
structed, will be supplanted by bronze signs.
The lettering most likely to be used is of a type
designated as Renaissance, a bold vertical
letter showing the influence of the Roman
style, but modified by that spirit of a lighter
touch which is characteristic of the architec-
ture of the Renaissance.



Obituary.

Mrs. Mary Fink, a widow, 76 years of age,
died at Ancon Hospital on September 5.
She was a native of the United States* lived
formerly at Rochester, Pa., and had been
making her home with her son, Joseph Fink,
an employe of the Mechanical Division, at
Balboa.



Local Seismic Disturbances.

Slight earthquake tremors were recorded
during the past week by the seismographs
at Balboa Heights, occurring on September
17 and 19. The amplitude of movement was
small in each case, and the tremor of Septem-
ber 19 seems to be the only one which people
felt in the Canal Zone. These movements
appear to be recurrences of the disturbances
in Los Santos Province of the Repub'ic of
Panama, about 120 miles to the southwest
of Balboa, which were felt frequently in the



latter part of 1913 and the first months of
1914.



A private branch telephone exchange has
been installed in the office of the Captain of
the Port of Cristobal. The connections
through this exchange reach all the executive
and clerical branches of the office, and the
boathouse and signal station. The number



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