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erected in the dry dock gates, and a total of
4,060 rivets driven. At the compressor house
• (building No. 29) practically all the hand ex-
cavation was completed, and the installation
of the drain pipe was well advanced. Masonry
footings for the machines were completed,
and the compressors were installed on their
anchor bolts, and preparations were made for
placing the earth fill around the foundation
of the building. All the remaining tunnel that
could be installed leading from building No. 14
and in the incline leading to dry dock No. 1,
was installed. The decking on the entrance
pier has progressed, and at the end of the
month 50 per cent of the floor slab has been
poured, 451 cubic yards of reinforced con-
crete having been placed in the floor, together
with 81 cubic yards of mass concrete along
the edge of the gravity wall.

Coaling plant — The last buttress to be ex-
cavated behind the wooden sheathing was
completed and the buttress brought up to
elevation zero. The steel sheet piling was
driven in order to cofferdam off the last three
buttresses, and the installation of the fenders
and bollards was started.

At the reloader wharf 72 caissons have been
sunk to rock, the only remaining caissons to
be sunk being the 8-foot caissons under the
wharf bunkers, five of which had not reached
rock. There were 1,634 cubic yards placed in
the caissons for concrete filler, and 212.142
pounds of reinforcing steel put in place. Work
was started on the anchorage wall behind the
reloader wharf, and a driver was constructed
and began work for putting in the batter piles.

In the unloader towers the contractor
erected and riveted the east side framing of
the machinery house of tower No. 1, the coal
bin of tower No. 1, and completed all the
corrugated iron work around the machinery
house, with the exception of the front side.
On tower No. 2 the contractor completed the
concrete floor, and all machinery, boilers,
water tanks, etc., were placed in towers Nos.
1 and 2. All sheaves were erected in place
and the work on walkways, door frames, and
general erection of operating mechanisms
continued. In the conveying system 176
stringers have been delivered for the viaduct,
99 of which have been erected on available
foundations. The steel erected was confined
entirely to the straight runs along the north
and south sides of the coal pockets, and
amounted to 95 tons.

Excavation and filling — -The total excavation
for the month amounted to 63 ,873 cubic yards,
of which 63,111 cubic yards were classified



as rock, the greater portion of all of which
was obtained from Sosa Hill. Various small
filling operations continued in the vicinity of
the dry dock and the wall. There were sent
to the East Breakwater from Sosa Hill quarry
61,198 cubic yards, 6,678 cubic yards of which
were classified as armor rock.

Docks — At quay wall c-d, 22 caissons have
been sunk to rock, six of which were sunk
during October, and 10 additional caissons
were started. Five hundred and eighteen
cubic yards of excavation were made inside
the caissons and 354 cubic yards of reinforced
concrete filler placed therein. At quay wall
d-e— f, the remaining part of the structural
steel was put in place, and all but the last two
panels were riveted. At pier No. 18, 473 tons
of steel were erected in the pier shed, and the
anchoring of caissons was completed with
the exception of the large collars which have
not as yet been received. Four hundred and
eighty-nine cubic yards of coral backfill were
placed in the middle of the pier. The quaran-
tine pier has been completed and turned over
to the Health Department, and the connect-
ing bridge has been placed at the west end
onto the floating pontoon.

ATLANTIC TERMINALS.

East Breakwater — The trestle was completed
on October 7, 66 feet of double-track trestle
being constructed, in which 3,760 linear feet
of piling were used, and a crossover 192 feet
long was laid on bents Nos. 613-655. Two
hundred and forty feet of 2-inch water main
were laid. The end of the trestle is at bent
No. 715, station 54+49. The dry and wet
fill measured in place amounted to 62,492 cu-
bic yards, 4,959 cubic yards of armor rock and
51,929 cubic yards of core rock from Sosa
Hill being dumped into the fill. In addition,
dredge No. 84 pumped 4,080 cubic yards of
coral sand and 6,120 cubic yards of coral rock
into the core of the fill. The building for re-
lay station No. 2 was erected, 180 linear feet
of untreated piling being used in the founda-
tion.

Under the contract for furnishing of con-
crete blocks for the East Breakwater, the time
within which to commence casting blocks was
extended to October 9, and 412 blocks were
poured during the month, involving the plac-
ing of 5,068 cubic yards of concrete. Several
difficulties have been experienced by the con-
tractors, the most serious being delay in hand-
ling the blocks away from the casting plat-
form, although it is expected that more rapid
progress will be made in the future.

In maintenance work on the West Break-
water, 1,129 cubic yards of armor rock were
placed at stations 89, 100, and 114.

Coaling plant — The pouring of floor slab
and girder encasement of the reloader wharf
was completed and that for the end wharf
started, and at the end of the month 74 linear
feet of the end wharf had been completed.
One caisson at the west end of the end wharf
was filled with concrete, thus completing the
filling of all caissons, except two that collapsed
under the wharf bunker. The concreting of
bridge track on reloader wharf was started
and 75 cubic yards were poured for this work,
the total concrete poured during the month
amounting to 1,078 cubic yards. The rivet-
ing of end wharf steel was about completed,
except for the girders under the wharf bunker.
The dredging of the unloader slip continued.
The coral fill under end wharf for retaining
coal was completed, except for 80 feet near
the collapsed caissons, and the placing of ar-



mor rock on top of coral fill under end wharf
was completed, except for the 80- feet above
mentioned. The submarine power cables
were laid across the bed of the French canal
between the Cristobal substation and the coal-
ing plant, and the temporary power line
which was installed at the beginning of this
work in 1914 has been removed.

Under Washington order No. 40.4S3 one
traveling hopper on bridge "B" was complet-
ed, making a total of three completed to date.
The operators' windows in the bridge digger
houses were installed and glazed. The 30-
pound rails on stocking and reclaiming bridges
were aligned and spiked for 500 feet of track,
including curves to sliding switches on the
west ends of the bridges. The viaduct steel
has been completely erected and riveted on
both unloader and reloader wharves to within
40 feet of the north loops, approximately 800,-
000 pounds of steel being riveted, and making
this item of structural steel about 85 per cent
completed. Approximately 25,000 pounds of
steel in cross ties, trolley, and lighting poles
were erected complete. Creosoted ties and
walkways were installed on 360 feet of the
viaduct, and about 1,600 feet of straight via-
duct track were aligned and spiked. Struc-
tural material for 26 conveyor cars has been
received, and the trucks and bodies of 20
cars were assembled and riveted. The con-
tractor completed the riveting on all four of
the unloader towers, two of which are com-
pletely painted. The platform and frame-
work for all four trailing hoppers were erected
and riveted complete, and the hoppers and
chutes are approximately 90 per cent erected
but not riveted. Three approach conveyor
bridges were erected, two- of which were
riveted complete; all of these bridges being
erected on the ground and have not as yet
been placed in position.

Under Washington order No. 40,587 cor-
rugated iron sheeting work and painting were
continued, and unloaders Nos. 1 and 2 are
completely finished in these respects. The
new chutes for reloading purposes have been
installed by the contractor in towers Nos. 1
and 2. Towers Nos. 3 and 4 are progressing
satisfactorily as to mechanical work.
Marine Division.

Due to the continued closure of the Canal
by slides, no vessels passed through the Canal
in October. Two vessels were measured, 11
vessels inspected to see whether their certifi-
cates conformed to the rules, and the United
States net equivalent tonnage was computed
on 10 vessels.

Dredging Division.

The total excavation for the month, includ-
ing earth, rock, and gravel, was 1,292,508 cu-
bic yards. Of this total 74,703 cubic yards
were removed from Balboa inner harbor,
207,778 cubic yards of earth and S71.916 cubic
yards of rock from Gaillard Cut, 22,100 cubic
yards of earth from trench for cable crossing
from substation to Cristobal coaling station.

The slides continued in action throughout
the month, and on October 29, 1915, the chan-
nel was completely closed by a movement of
the East Culebra slide.

The rock crusher Vulcan was engaged all
month in breaking all areas not to grade in
the Pacific entrance, stations 2150+00 to
2133+00, center line to east prism line. Four
thousand one hundred and ninety-six holes
were broken over an area of 81,516 square
feet, with a total penetration of 3,508 feet and
a breakage of 2,087 cubic yards. The drill



122



THE CANAL R'ECORD



Vol. IX, No. 14.



barge Teredo No. 2 was engaged in drilling
and blasting in the Pacific entrance on various
shoals, 384 holes being drilled, 6,393 linear
feet in total, and 5.921 cubic yards of rock
were broken.* The hydraulic grader was en-
gaged in making steam for operating tripod
drills, repairing dredge Gamboa, assembling
dredge Cascadas, and sluicing West Culebra
slide. Dredges No. 1 and No. 82 were en-
gaged in excavating sand and gravel from the
Chagres River, 3,730 cubic yards of sand, 827
cubic yards of No. 1 gravel, 4,741 cubic yards
of No. 2 gravel, and 33,282 cubic yardsof run-
of-bank gravel being excavated. The work
of exterminating watet hyacinths continued,
64,000 young plants and 2,000 square yards
of old plants being pulled, and 8,100 square
yards sprayed.

Mechanical Division.

Shop orders authorized during the month
numbered 1,211, an increase of 120 as com-
pared with September; those left over from
the previous month numbered 667, and those
carried forward into November 837. The out-
put of the foundry was 207,960 pounds of iron,
99,603 pounds of steel, and 18,517 pounds of
brass. Hostling was done on 4,578 pieces of
equipment, and shop and field repairs were
made on 7,101. In addition, S80 cars were
repaired in shop, and 1,383 light and nine
heavy repair jobs were done on equipment.

Fuel oil plants — At the Balboa fuel oil plant,
the erection of the Panama Canal Storage Cor-
poration's tanks was started; the gasoline
storage tank was about 80 per cent completed,
and the erection of the shelter to protect it
from the sun's rays was under way.

At the Mount Hope fuel oil plant, the tanks
and firewalls of the Panama Canal Storage
Corporation were passed as complying with
requirements, and the firewalls about the tanks
of the Texas Company were nearing comple-
tion. The gasoline storage tank was com-
pleted, except some work on the roof, and the
erection of the shelter to protect it from the
sun's rays was started.

Building Division.

In addition to the usual maintenance, oper-
ation, and repair work, the following construc-
tion work was in progress for the Army at the
places named: Fort Amador — The storehouse
at this post was completed, the one at Naos
Island being 92 per cent completed. Military
Hill— Work was commenced on three addi-
tional buildings, two type-20 and one type-21;
one of the seven buildings originally author-
ized was completed and occupied, and the re-
maining six of this group were completed, with
the exception of the installation of electrical
fixtures and some painting. Corozal — The
work on all stables and wagon sheds for the
artillery and cavalry was practically com-
pleted, and work continued on modification
of quarters turned over to the Army. Catun —
Work was continued on the reerection of the
four buildings removed from Camp Gaillard
during the previous month, and one type-15
building was practically completed, and the
remaining three were approximately 50 per
cent completed. Margarita — The erection of
eight lieutenants' quarters, three captains'
quarters, one field officers' quarters, two bar-
racks, and a sewage pumping station contin-
ued, and satisfactory progress was made. Work
was commenced on the construction of the
headquarters building, two type- 14 noncom-
missioned officers' quarters, and on the dock.
Toro Point — Work at this post on the con-



struction of the wagon shed, stables, and store-
house continued satisfactorily.

The following Canal structures were in the
course of erection at the places named : A neon-
Balboa — The construction of all concrete fam-
ily quarters carried on by this division was
completed. The work on the construction of
the new concrete verandas of the old Admin-
istration Building at Ancon continued and was
approximately 30 per cent completed. The
erection of a four-family concrete family quar-
ters under contract progressed satisfactorily.
The Panama Railroad stables in the city of •
Panama were completed and turned over for
occupancy. The installation of the furnaces
and machinery in the new Ancon Hospital
crematory continued and was approximately
75 per cent completed. The construction of
the new refrigerating plant at Balboa contin-
ued, the foundations of same were completed,
the mat laid and the walls brought up to the
level of the first floor. The bachelor building
for pilots at the quarantine station was com-
pleted. The construction of the first group of
the new Ancon Hospital buildings continued,
and the work as a whole was approximately
15 per cent completed. Work was commenced
on the foundations for the new terminal office
building at the head of Pier 17, Balboa, and
about 50 per cent of the piles were driven.
Corozal — Work was continued on the construc-
tion of the Miraflores power house and prac-
tically completed with the exception of instal-
lation of louvres and the exterior basement re-
taining wall. The seven 12-apartment family
quarters being erected on the Pedro Miguel-
Miraflores road were approximately 90 per
cent completed. The construction of a build-
ing for housing the cripples in the insane asy-
lum was started and approximately 50 per
cent completed. Gatun-Colon — The erection
of the new Colon Hospital buildings continued
and was approximately 50 per cent completed.
Supply Department.

The force report for the half month ended
October 27 showed a total of 23,724 employes
of The Panama Canal and the Panama Rail-
road Company, of whom 3,633 were white
Americans and 20,091 laborers. Of the latter
approximately 164 were Europeans and the
remainder West Indian negroes. There was
an increase of 160 laborers and an increase of
142 Americans, making a net increase of 302.

The occupants of Government quarters
numbered 6,664 Americans, of whom 3,732
were men, 1,429 women, and 1,503 children;
and 9,342 West Indians, of whom 5,519 were
men, 1,513 women, and 2,310 children.

The value of material received during the
month was $1,317,540. It came forward in
28 steamers; the total weight of cargo, exclus-
ive of lumber and piling, was approximately
27,989 tons. Some of the principal items were
64,000 barrels of fuel oil, 119,980 bags of ce-
ment, and 1,827,497 feet, board measure, of
lumber, for stock.

The Balboa oil plant handled 190,322.11
barrels of oil, and the Mount Hope plant han-
dled 45,509.69 barrels, approximately one-
half of which in each instance was for The
Panama Canal.

Health Department.

General — One case of yellow fever was re-
ceived at quarantine from Buenaventura, Co-
lombia, on October 25. The case was admitted
to Ancon Hospital on the 26th and died the
same day. This is the second case of yellow
fever brought into the Canal Zone from this
port within the period of one month. With



this exception, no cases of yellow fever, small-
pox, or plague have originated on or were
brought to the Isthmus during the month.
The death rate for disease in the Canal Zone,
based on a population of 30,219, was 13.10 per
thousand per year, as compared with 12.31 for
the preceding month, and 13.85 for the cor-
responding month of last year.

Employes — The health of employes contin-
ued good. The number of names on the pay-
rolls for the preceding month was 33,419. On
this basis the admission to hospitals and quar-
ters, 821, gave a rate of 294.80 per thousand, as
compared with 307.34 for the preceding month,
and 344.23 for the corresponding month of last
year. The admission rates to hospitals for all
diseases were: Whites, 272.96; blacks, 96.38;
and Americans, 241.21. The admission rates
to hospitals and quarters for malaria were:
Whites, 95.28; blacks, 24.20; and Americans,
86.14. The total number of deaths from all
causes was 20. Of these 15 died from disease,
or 5.39 per thousand, as compared with 4.82
for the preceding month, and 4.68 for the cor- ■
responding month of last year. Two Ameri-
cans died during the month, one from disease
and one from accident.

Accounting Department.

The cash balance in Canal construction ap-
propriations on October 31, 1915, was $16,-
272,095.56, and in the fortifications appro-
priations, $2,403,585.74. The payrolls for
October, exclusive of Army quarters, store-
houses, fortifications, etc., amounted to
$909, 13 1 .36 and the fortification roll amounted
to $65,464.22. Payments by the Disbursing
Clerk in Washington amounted to $1,207,924.-
42, and by the Paymaster on the Isthmus
to $1,209,046.22. Collections on the Isth-
mus amounted to $1,034,903.12, of which
$757,3S6.32 was repaid to appropriations,
$238,246.48 was commissary collections and
other trust funds, and $39,270.32 was miscel-
laneous receipts to be covered into the Treas-
ury. Deposits in the sum of $1 15,600.00 were
made with the Assistant Treasurer to be
applied in payment of tolls and other charges
against vessels using the Canal. Canal rev-
enue collections and miscellaneous funds re-
ceived amounted to $203,138.16, and the dis-
bursements under the same heading amounted
to $208,065.08.

Executive Department.

DIVISION OF CIVIL AFFAIRS.

Two hundred and nine licenses of all kinds
were issued. Thirteen estates were received
and 17 settled, the total cash received during
the month amounting to $1,001.12, the total
value of the estates closed being $1,019.32.
At the port of Balboa 75 vessels entered and
73 cleared, and at the port of Cristobal 83
vessels entered and 82 cleared.

Postal service — Postmasters remitted on ac-
count of stamp sales, second-class mail col-
lections, postage due collections, and box rent
receipts, $7,976.72. Money orders issued dur-
ing the month aggregated $293,599.43. Of
this total $93,265 represents the value of de-
posit money orders issued without fee, in lieu
of postal savings certifiates. Deposit money
orders were paid to the value of $82,790, and
postal savings certificates to the value of $4,-
166. The balance of postal savings deposits
on hand at the close of the month, represented
by unpaid certificates and deposit money or-
ders, aggregated $444,949, as compared with
$43S,640 at the close of the previous month.

POLICE AND FIRE DIVISION.

Three hundred and seventy-nine arrests



November 24, 1915.



THE CANAL RECORD



123



were made. Of this total 358 were males and
21 females. Fifty-seven convicts were con-
fined in the penitentiary at the close of the
month. Five convicts who had completed
their sentences in the penitentiary were de-
ported.

Three fires occurred, and the damage to
The Panama Canal property resulting there-
from amounted to $5. Panama Railroad
property and the property of the United
States Army suffered no damage, and the dam-
age sustained by private property amounted
to $30.

COURTS.

In the District Court 84 cases were settled;
11 civil, 24 probate, and 59 criminal cases were
filed, and 105 cases of all kinds were pending
at the close of the month. In the magistrates'
courts, 25 civil and 332 criminal cases were dis-
posed of.

DIVISION OF SCHOOLS.

The schools of the Canal Zone opened their
term on October 4. The total enrollment
was 1,229 for the white schools, and 449 for
the colored schools. In the white schools the
net enrollment was 1,176, the average daily
attendance 1,096.7, and the average number
belonging 1,121. In the colored schools the
net enrollment was 447, the average daily at-
tendance 342.4, and the average number be-
longing 383.6.

Panama Railroad.

The cargo handled at the Colon and Balboa
agencies, including rehandled cargo, amounted
to approximately 186,800 tons.

The following quantities of coal were
handled and trimmed in bunkers: Colon
agency, 15,350 tons; Balboa agency, 60,000
tons; total, 75,350 tons.

The large increase in the quantity of coal
handled was due to the fact that a great
many boats were held up at both terminals
on account of the Canal being closed to traffic.
No cargo was handled through the Canal.

The work on pier No. 7, Cristobal, contin-
ued satisfactorily, 4,970,441 pounds of steel
floor system being erected, completing this
item. The work of placing concrete in floor
was started on October 14, and at the close of
the month 1,892 cubic yards had been placed.
In the floor slab 154,259 pounds of reinforc-
ing rods were placed, and 62,599 square feet
of forms for placement of slab and encasement
of girders were set during the month.

Preliminary work continued on pier No. 6,
Cristobal, 12 holes being drilled, and 867 feet
of wash drilling and 95 feet of diamond drill-
ing were completed.

Respectfully,

Geo. W. Goethals,

Governor.



OFFICIAL CIRCULARS.



Danger from 44,000-Volt Transmission Line.
The Panama Canal,
Dept. of Operation and Maintenance.
Balboa Heights, C. Z., November 18, 1915.
Heads of Departments and Divisions:

Under date of December 21, 1914. notice was given
as to the energizing of the transisthmian 44,000-volt
transmission line and it was requested that all employes
be notified of the fact that almost certain loss of life
would result from contact with or close approach to
these wires after they were put in service. It was stated
that cranes or other equipment or tools should be han-
dled so that a clearance of at least six feet from the wires
is maintained.

These instructions are not being complied with, with
resultant imminent danger to life and thousands of
dollars worthof equipment. Within the last few months
there have been several cases of equipment coming into
contact with the transmission line and in several cases



it was just by lucky chance that loss of life or serious
danger to equipment did not result.

In order to bring this matter once more to the atten-
tion of employes who have to work in the vicinity of
the transmission line, and to enable responsibility to
be definitely placed in the case of future occurrences of
this kind so that disciplinary action can be taken, it is
requested that a copy of this letter be sent by heads
of departments and divisions to all cranemen on both
floating and rolling equipment, and to all other em-
ployes whose duties require them to work in the vicinity
of the transmission line, and that a permanent record
be kept of the employes to whom these copies are sent.
W. H. Rose.
Electrical Engineer.



COMMISSARY DEPARTMENT.



Need of Western Dump Cars.

Panama Railroad Company,
Office of Superintendent,
Balboa Heights, C. Z., November 17. 1915.
Circular No. 200:

Heads of departments — We are si ill having difficulty
in keeping the Gamboa gravel plant supplied with the
necessary number of Western dump cars for loading
of gravel and sand, due to some of the departments not
releasing the cars consigned to them promptly.

Will you please, therefore, issue necessary instruc-
tions to all concerned to see that cars are not held under
load indefinitely, but released immediately ?

C. H. Motsett. Superintendent.



French Records.

The Panama Canal,
Executive Department,
Balboa Heights, C. Z., November 13, 1915.
Heads of Departments and Divisions:

Please advise promptly what French records or
publications you have in your possession which were
acquired by The Panama Canal from the French canal



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