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RANGES OF TEMPERATURE.



Usually Greater in Dry Season' than in Rainy. — ■
Temperatures in Shade and Sunshine.

The minimum temperature recorded at
Balboa Heights during November, 1915, was
printed in the resume of weather conditions
during the month published in The Canal
Record of last week as 79° Fahrenheit. This
should have been 70°. During the current
year the minimum temperature at Balboa
Heights was above 72° in only one month,
June, 1915, when it was 74°. The lowest tem-
perature recorded at Balboa Heights during
that time was 69°, in January.

The lowest temperature recorded on the
Isthmus since the American occupation is
59°, registered at Culebra on February 9,
1907. The highest temperature ever recorded
is 97.4°, which was shown by the French
records to have been reached at Alhajuela in
April, 1903. A temperature of 96.6° is
shown by the American records to have
occurred at Ancon on April 7, 1912. The
greatest range of temperature in one day oc-
curred on the day when the high record was
made at Alhajuela, and was between 97.4°
and 63.2°, a range of 34.2°. The average
daily range at the stations representing the



during the dry season permits the earth's sur-
face to receive the maximum amount of solar
radiation during the day and to lose the maxi-
mum amount of heat during the night by
outward radiation. Extreme examples of this
radiation are found in very dry countries
which are very hot by day but cold at night,
but as the dryness of the air on the Isthmus is
seldom very marked (the mean relative humi-
dity for a month very infrequently being
less than 70) the phenomenon is scarcely
noticeable.

Average air temperatures on the Isthmus
change very little from month to month, the
climate being unusually uniform in this respect.
The month of highest average temperature
is April and the month of lowest average tem-
perature is November.

The average variationsof temperature dur-
ing the day at the three representative stations
during the dry season are shown in the ac-
companying chart. The temperature scale
(ordinates) is in units of two degrees Fah-
renheit, and the abscissas indicate the time of
day, in periods of two hours. The chart is
based on six years of records at Colon, eight
at Ancon, and seven at Culebra.

The figures which have been cited here, and
are usually given for temperature, are for air




P 6P 8P i0P liP



"E OF TEMPERATURE THROLuHOJT THE OAY, IN THE DRV SEASON.



Pacific coast, the central plateau, and the
Atlantic coast, respectively, is shown in the
following table:



1 Dry

fetation. season.


Rainy
season.


Years of
record.




19.1
17.2


14.5
13.8
8.9



















temperature in the shade. The temperature
in the sun may be judged from this compari-
son of the average temperatures of shade air
afnd of a piece of steel exposed to the sun, for
a period of nine days, with observations re-
corded at intervals of one hour:



It will be seen that the maximum daily
range at Colon occurs in the rainy season,
instead of in the dry season, as at the other
stations. The explanation of this difference
lies fn the seasonal variations in the prevailing
direction of the winds on the Atlantic side.
Air temperatures are more uniform over areas
of water than over land areas, similarly lo-
cated. In the dry season the winds at Colon
blow steadily from the Caribbean Sea, with
its fairly constant temperature, but in the
rainy season a large proportion of the winds
come from the land areas to the southward.

The absolute maximum and minimum tem-
peratures for the year usually occur in the
dry season. The comparatively clear sky





Temperature
of




Temperature
of


Hour.


Hour.


Air


Steel j


Air 1 Steel


6 a. m... .


72.7


71.2 !


1 p. m


86.9 1 101.4


7 a. m... .


73.0


75.3


2 p. m


89.3 100.2


8 a. m...


76.4


82.0 i


3 p.m....


86.8 • 98.8


9 a. m


80.7


90.2


4 p. m...


85.2 95.4


10 a. m


82.4


93.7 1


Sp. m....


82.4 88.7


11 a. m


84.7


96.3


6 p.m....


80.4 83.1


12 noon.. .


86.0


98.2 '







The extent to which the sun is obscured by
clouds is the principal factor in determining
the excess of temperature in the sun over
temperature in the shade.

Heavy seas in Limon Bay the first of this
month interrupted for a day the hauling of
concrete blocks on barges for repairing the
West Breakwater. The seas did no additional
damage to this or the new East Breakwater
under construction.



144



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IX, No. 17.



CLUBHOUSE AT ANCON.



To Embody Improved Features as Result of Ex-
perience. — Built From Clubhouse Funds.

The Canal clubhouse being constructed at
Ancon will embody in its interior arrange-
ments features of convenience adopted as the
result of experience in the management of
the earlier clubhouses. The design of the
building has been limited by the inclusion,
as a wing, of the building formerly used as the
district quartermaster's storehouse and office
and as a lodge hall, but this wing will be very
comfortably adopted to its new uses. The
lodge hall will remain as it is for the use of
fraternal societies, and will have its present
entrance, which will be at the rear of the
clubhouse, and a door leading to another
flight of stairs within the clubhouse for emer-
gency use. The dental offices occupying a
part of the ground floor of the building will
remain there for the present. The remainder
of the first floor will be used as an integral
part of the clubhouse.

The clubhouse will face in the direction of
the police station and commissary store at



Ancon. The lodge hall building will form a
wing on the right as one enters the club-
house, and a short central building will con-
nect it with a symmetrical wing, the extreme
corner of which will reach almost to the rail-
way track serving the commissary. The
wings are to be 40 by 95 feet in plan and the
connecting building will be 30 feet long by 52
feet deep. The whole structure will be two
stories in height.

The main entrance will be at the center of
the front of the connecting building. The
front doors will give onto a wide, screened
room forming practically one large lobby, as
the interior divisions will be separated by
low walls or railings rising only three feet
above the floor

The lobby will be considerably larger than
in the present clubhouses. It will contain, on
the right of a person entering the building, the
library, separated by a 3-foot railing; beyond,
a general lounging room, a refreshment room
and counter, a ladies' alcove, and the office
of the secretary.

It will be adjoined by a billiard room with



space for six tables. The secretary's
office will be so situated as to allow
supervision from the desk of all the other
rooms named, and also of the separate
boys' room, which will be one of the fea-
tures of the house. This will be on the
extreme right as one enters, and will have a
separate entrance, from the side road, and
separate lavatory. The wall between it and
the lobby will extend to the ceiling except
in that part adjoining the office of the
secretary, where it will be open above a
level of approximately three feet above the
floor. The boys' room and lavatory, the
barber shop, the billiard room, the secretary's
office, and part of the lobby will be on the
ground floor of the right wing, or the lodge
hall building.

The left or new wing of the building will
contain two pairs of bowling alleys, occupying
the greater part of the first floor; at the ex-
treme rear end a tailor shop, adjoining which,
on the side nearest the front of the building,
will be a locker room, then a storeroom,
and the kitchen for serving the refreshment




PLAN OF FIRST FLOOR OF CA^AL CLUBHOUSE TO BE ERECTED IN ANCON,



December 15, 1915.



THE CANAL RECORD



145



counter. There is to be a stair leading
directly from the locker room to the gymna-
sium.

On the second floor, the right wing as one
enters the building will be devoted entirely
to the lodge hall, as at present; the front,
central building will contain a large reading
room, 30 by 52 feet in plan, and the left wing
will house the gymnasium or auditorium,
40 by 76 feet, exclusive of the stage. This
will be the largest hall of its sort in any of
the clubhouses, being six feet wider and IS
feet longer than the Balboa gymnasium, and
will have a high ceiling, 20 feet above the
floor. The lights are to be countersunk in
the ceiling. The height of the room will be
a great advantage in moving picture shows,
for the reason that the pictures may be pro-
jected onto a screen well above the heads
of the patrons. There will be a stage at the
rear of the hall for theatrical performances,
and this stage will be wider and deeper than
the stages of the present clubhouses. It will
be 23 feet eight inches wide by 18 feet deep,
with dressing rooms on either side.

Unlike any of the preceding clubhouses,
the Ancon clubhouse will be built solely with
clubhouse funds. The money to be expended
for it will be the accumulated earnings of the
ice cream and tobacco counters and other
enterprises at the different clubhouses along
the line, through the past eight years. The
building will be erected along simple, utili-
tarian lines, without architectural embellish-
ment. A great deal of equipment removed
from abandoned clubhouses in villages turned
over to the Army forces will be used in
furnishing the new clubhouse. The bowling
alleys will come from Culebra and Corozal,
and the Corozal clubhouse will furnish a
great part of the billiard room, gymnasium,
and library equipment.



OFFICIAL CIRCULARS.



Thirty Thousand More ReJ Cross Peals.
Since the first consignment of 30,000 Red
Cross Christmas seals for the season of 1915
was disposed of on the Isthmus, the central
organization at Washington has sent 30,000
more in response to a request from the Canal
Zone Chapter for 25,000 more. The second
consignment has been distributed and it is
the belief of the secretary of the chapter, who
has the sale in his direct charge, that nearly-
all of the seals will be disposed of, though in
some parts of the Canal Zone the market
appears to have been overstocked.



Rebuilt Floating Equipment.

The Panama Canal,
Executive Department.
Balboa Heights, C. Z., December 9, 1915.
Heads of Departments and Divisions:

It has come to my notice that certain units of floating
equipment have not only been rebuilt, but their nature
entirely changed, under an authority for general repairs-
Whenever a unit of floating equipment is in such bad
condition that its rebuilding is necessary, a survey re-
quest should be prepared for its condemnation, and if
it is desired to replace it authority should be obtained
for construction of a new unit. If it is desired to assign
the same number or name to a rebuilt unit, the word
"new" in the case of a unit designated by number, or
"H" if designated by name, must be used.

Geo. W. Goethals,

Governor.



Moorings For Private Boats.

The Panama Canal,
Executive Office,
Balboa Heights, C. Z., Decemoer 2, 1915.
Circular No. 69S-1:

1. There are moorings available in the harbor of
Balboa for privately owned launches and boats. These
moorings are located in the old French channel, to the
southward and eastward of the present oil crib.

2. All buoys numbered "3" and above may be rented
for the use of launches and boats. All privately owned
boats and floating property in the port of Balboa will be
required to use these moorings or anchor in berths assign -
ed by the Captain of the Port.

3. The rent for a mooring buoy will be 50 cents per
mouth, one year's rent paid in advance.

4. Upon application of the lessee for the cancellation
of his lease, refund will be made at the monthly rate for
any remaining months of the year. If a mooring be
used any part of a month, a charge will be made for the
full month.

Geo. \V. Goethals,

Governor,



Written Inquiries Concerning Employment.
The Panama Canal,

Executive Department,
Balboa Heights, C Z.. December 8, 1915.
Heads of Departments and Divisions:

All written inquiries from exemployes or others
respecting employment or reemplbylnent should be
referred to the Executive Office, for attention of Person-
nel Bureau. No cxemploye may be reemployed until
information is secured from the Personnel Bureau that
his reemployment is allowable under the regulations. .
Geo. W. Goethals,

Governor.



Reimbursement for Meals.

The Panama Canal,
Executive Office,
Balboa Heichts. C. Z., January 1, 1915.
Circular No. 65S-2:

1. Effective January 1, 1916, paragraph 7 (a) of
circular No. 65S, dated April 1, 1914, is amended to
read as follows:

2. Employes who do not board at a Panama Canal
hotel, but keep house or board at a monthly rate when
at their official stations, are entitled to reimbursement
of not to exceed 40 cents per meal for the noon and



Deceased Employes.


Name


Check
No.


Native of


Isthmian

Residence


Employed by


Date of

death




76925
23796
36315
88958
1069


Jamaica

U.S. A




Supply Dept

Dredging Div. . .

Gatun Locks

Panama Canal. .
Dredging Div. . . J


Dec. 5, 1915.




Nov. 23, 1915.




Dec. 7, 1915.






Dec. 6. 1915.




Colon Beach. . . .


Dec. 6, 1915.


Insane Employes.


Name.


Check
No.


Native of


Isthmian
Residence


Employed by


Date of
commit malt




122


U.S. A


Ancon


Accounting Dept


Dec. 1, 1915.









The estates of the abovenamed deceased and insane employes of The Panama Canal or
the Panama Railroad Company are now in process of settlement, and any claims against the
estates or any information which might lead to the finding of heirs or to the recovery of
property, bank deposits, postal savings or postal money order deposits, or any other moneys
due them, should be presented at once to the Administrator of Estates, Room 320, Admin-
istration Building, Balboa Heights, C. Z. All claims should be itemized, sworn to before a
notary public, or other public officer having a seal, and submitted in duplicate. The names
will be published but once.



evening meal, or a total of 90 cents per day when de-
tailed to a place where there is a Panama Canal hotel
having ii la carte service only. At hotels where the
regular 30-cent meal is served, reimbursement will be
made at the rate of 30 cents per meal.

Geo. W. Goethals,

Governor.



Acting Chief of Police and Fire Division.
The Panama Canal,

Executive Department,
Balboa Heights. C. Z., December 6, 1915.
Heads of Departments and Divisions:

Effective Decemoer 9. during the absence on leave of
Captain H. D. Mitchell, Inspector Guy Johannes will
be Acting Chief of the Police and Fire Division.

Geo. W. Goethals,
Governor.



Treatment in Hospitals and Elsewhere.

The Panama Canal,

Executive Office.
Balboa Heights, C. Z., November 13, 1915.
Circular No. 6IS-6.

Circular No. 61S-5 of May 15. 1915, fixing rates and
regulations for hospital and medical service, is hereby
amended.

rates for x-ray service.

1. Effective December I. 1915. the charge "X-Ray —
$10 to $30," listed in the schedule of operations on
page 4, is corrected to read as follows:

X-ray examination for dental work, employes
(flat rate), $2. Non-employes (flat rate), $5.

X-ray examination, others (elective). $5 to $50.

With the approval of the superintendent of
the hospital. X-ray examinations of injured em-
ployes under treatment in the hospital for injuries
incurred in the line of duty, may be made without
charge upon the written request of the chief of
the service involved, stating that the examination
desired is absolutely essential for the proper treat-
ment of the case.

RATES FOR LABORERS AND ARTISANS EMPLOYED BY
OUTSIDERS.

2. Effective November 15. 1915. laborers and arti-
sans (the class designated in the service of The Panama
Canal as "silver employes") who are regularly em-
ployed by individuals or companies in the Canal Zone,
will be accorded the same rates in Ancon and Colon
Hospitals as those authorized for families of Panama
Canal employes whose monthly pay exceeds $100 and
is not over $150; except that a charge of SI will be
made for office consultation at a hospital or dispensary.
These rates will also apply to the treatment of depend-
ent members of families of such laborers and artisans.

Geo. W. Goethals.

Governor.



Christinas and New Year's Train Schedules.
Panama Railroad Company,
Office of Superintendent.
Balboa Heights, C. Z., December 10, 1915.
Circular No. 2 S7 :

To all (Ojzl LTJifti— On account of Saturday. December
25, 1915, and Saturday. January 1, 1916. being legal
holidays, the regular Saturday night schedule of trains
on the Panama Railroad will be in effect on Friday
evening, December 24, and Friday evening, December
31, and the regular Sunday schedule of trains will be in
effect on Saturday, December 25, 1915, and Saturday,
January 1, 1916.

C. H. Motsett,
Superintendent.



The Panama Canal,
Dept. of Operation and Maintenance,
Balboa Heights, C Z.. December 6, 1915.
To all concerned — Effective December 16, and during
the absence on leave of Superintendent W. G. Thomp-
son, Junior Engineer R. A. Wilson will be in charge of
construction and the inspection of contract work on
the Cristobal coaling plant.

Effective December 13, and during the temporary
absence of Junior Engineer R. A. Wilson, Mr. J. J.
Duffy will act as inspector for The Panama Canal of
contract work in connection with the manufacture at
Gamhoa of concrete blocks for the Atlantic break-
waters.

H. H. Rousseau,
Engineer of Terminal Construction,



Transfer of Property from Accountable Officials
to Stores.

The Panama Canal,
Accounting Department,
Balboa Heights. C Z.. December 9. 1915.
To accountable officials and storekeepers — The in-
structions contained in ray circular letter addressed to
accountable officials and storekeepers under date of



146



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IX, No. 17.



December 4, 1915, regarding transfer of property from
accountable officials to stores, are to be disregarded and
the following substituted therefor:

When an item of property, carried on the property
records of an accountable official at a price other than
that of the storehouse inventory price, is turned in to
Btock, the accountable official will invoice at the prop-
erty record price, and the storekeeper will accept at
storehouse inventory price by noting that price under
"Remarks" on invoice. The difference in value will be
adjusted by the Accounting Department.

Ad. Faure,
Cluef Accountant.

Disposition of Obsolete Rubber Stamps.

The Panama Canal.
Executive Department,
Balboa Heights, C. Z., November 16, 1915.
To all concerned — It is noted that rubber stamps
which are obsolete are sometimes thrown into the waste
baskets and carried out with the garbage.

This practice must be discontinued, and all rubber
stamps must be saved for return to the printing plant.
All employes of the Administration Building should
send their rubber stamps to the storekeeper, basement,
as soon as they become unserviceable or surplus, and
the storekeeper will arrange for shipment to the print-
ing plant, Mount Hope.

C. A. McIlvaike.
Executive Secretary,



JOINT LAND COMMISSION.

Notice of Award.

In the matter of the claim of R. Lasso R., for property
located near Caimito Mulato, award No. 98, docket No
1092, October 23, 1915— An award is hereby made
against the United States, in favor of the person herein-
afternamed,inthesumof$350 UnitedStates currency.
This award shall be paid to the person hereinafter
named, in the amount specified, on or before the 23rd
day of November. 1915, and if payment or tender of
payment of this award is not made on or before that
date, such award shall thereafter bear interest at the
rate of six per centum per annum until paid.

R. Lasso R., docket No. 1092— For all right, title,
and interest which the said R. Lasso R. may possess
or may have possessed in and to crops, fruit trees,
and any other improvements on lands at Caimito
Mulato, the sum of $350 United States currency.
Ricardo J. Alfaro, Ramon Arias F., Jr., Nicho-
las Cornet, Levi Monroe Kjvgy, Commissioners.

In the matter of the claim of Claris McMakin, for
Property located at Bohio, award No. 101, docket No.
854, November 8, 1915 — An award Is hereby made
against the United States, in favor of the person here-
inafter named, in the sum of $100 United States cur-
rency.

This award shall be paid to the person hereinafter
named, in the amount specified, on or before the 8th
day of December, 1915, and if payment or tender of
payment of this award is not made on or before that
date, such award shall thereafter bear interest at the
rate of six per centum per annum until paid.

Claris McMakin, docket No. 854— For all right,
title, and interest which the said Claris McMakin
may possess or may have possessed in and to crops,
fruit trees, and any other improvements near Bohio,
the sum of $100 United States currency.
R. J. Alfaro. Federico Boyd, Nicholas Cornet,
Commissioners.

I do not concur in the above award.

L. M. Kagy, Commissioner.

Rules of Dismissal.

In the matter of sundry claims, rule of dismissal No.
196, docket numbers as noted, September 4, 1915 — With
reference to theclaimssetout below, at a public session
of the Commission held on September 2, 1915, counsel
for the Government moved a dismissal of these claims
on account of settlement having been made with the
claimants thereunder. Upon an examination of the
evidence by the Commission and by counsel on both
sides, it was agreed that the claims be dismissed:
Docket

No. Claimant. Location.

954. .John Smith Las Cascadas Plantation.

955. .Samuel Lawrence. .Las Cascadas Plantation.

960. .W. A. Burke Las Cascadas Plantation.

961. AV. Barnes Las Cascadas Plantation.

969. .Santa Carvasa Matachin.

In view of such settlements, no further action is
necessary by the Commission and the foregoing claims
are therefore dismissed.

Federico Boyd, Nicholas Cornet, Levi Monroe
Kagy, S. Lewis, Commissioners.

In the matter of sundry claims, rule of dismissal No.
198, docket numbers as shown, October 11, 1915 — With
reference to the claims set out hereinbelow, at a public
teision of the Commission held on this date, counsel for



theGovernment moved a dismissal of these claims on
account of settlement having been made with the
claimants therein. Upon an examination of the evi-
dence by the Commission and by counsel on both sides,
it was found by the Commission that payment had
been made, as follows:

Docket Tax Date of

t No. Claimant. No. payment.

978 Isaac Lowe 377 1-9-15

983 Maria Jil Roanes 11-10-10

984 Joseph Malabre 1-4-1 2

987 Jose L. Arias 4-17-11

1007 Alfred Darkin 8-1-15

In view of such settlements, no further action is
necessary by the Commission, and the foregoing claims
are therefore dismissed.

Ricardo J. Alfaro, Ramon Arias F., Jr., Nicho-
las Cornet, Levi Monroe Kagy, Commissioners.



In the matter of sundry claims, rule of dismissal No.
206, docket numbers as noted, October 29, 1915— With
reference to the following claims, the evidence before
the commission is that settlement therefor has been
made by the United States:

Docket Claimant Tax Date of

No. No. Payment.

1277 James Campbell 6- -15

1395 Thomas Beckford 1274 3-27-15

1401 George Edwards 5- -15

1806 Juan Fuentes 12- -13

1818 Manuel (Sacramento) Cer-
vantes 12- -13

1826 Cristino Nasa (Naza) 12-27-13

1832 Bias Ramos 606 5- -13

1834 Catilino Ranjel (Rangel) 267 11- -13

1835 Jose Angel RanjeHRangelJ... 260 11- -13

1836 Jose Ines Ranjel (Raugel). .. 256 11- -13

1837 Jos£ de los Santos Ranjel

(RangelJ 252 5- -13

1838 Jose Maria Ranjel (Rangel).. 138 18- -13

1841 Manuel I. Ranjel (Rangel) 1- -14

1842 Nicolas Ranjel (RangelJ 262 11- -13

1847 Marcial Reyes 251 11- -13

1893 Juana Paula (Pabla) Rodri-
guez 797 7- -14

2448 Jose Dolores Magallon 1598 10- -13

2512 Martin Torres 12- -14

2544 Maria Carla (Carles) Villa-

varde 901 3- -14

2609 Nicolas Ranjel (Rangel) 11- -13

2628 Martin Torres 12- -14

3205 Henrique Rivera 879 8- -14

3371 Cochez Bros. (Victor H. Co-

chez and T. V. Cochez) 1590 4- -H

3479 Juan Fuente 12- -13

In view of the" above settlements, no further action
is necessary by the Commission, and the foregoing
claims are therefore disallowed.

Ricardo J. Alfaro, Ramon Arias F, Jr., Nicho-
las Cornet, Levi M. Kagy. Commissioners.



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