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ror^ who acted as toast-master. Among the regular toasts were :
" The President of the United States," responded to by Hon. J.
Sterling Morton, Secretary of Agriculture ; "The Secular Press,'*
responded to by Hon. Frank Hatton, of the Washington Post ;
<* The American Medical Association," by the President, Dr. J. F.
Hibberd, of Richmond, Ind. ; << The Pan-American Medical Con-
gress," by the President, Dr. William Pepper ; " The Medical
Press," by Dr. Hobart A. Hare, editor of the Therapeutic Gazette ;
" The Surgeon-General of the Army," in the absence of Surgeon-
General Sternberg, was responded to by Surgeon-General William

A. Hammond, retired.-,. << The Surgeon-General of the Navy," by
the Hon. John B. Henderson, of Missouri, President of the Pan-
American Congress of four years ago ; "The Journal of the Amer-
ican Medical Association," and « The Public Health," by Dr. John

B. Hamilton, Surgeon of the U. S. Marine Hospital Service and
editor of the Journal.

Among those who made voluntary speeche9 were Dr. Phillipot,.
of Jamaica; Dr. A. M. Owen, of Evansville, Ind., and Dr. Alonzo
Garcelon, ex-Governor of Maine. Major Stofer, the well-known
Washington correspondent, and Mr. Seabrooke, the actor, enter-
tained the company between speeches with musical selections and
recitations. This proved one of the most entertaining of the social
features of the Congress.

The efforts of the Medical Society of the State of New York»
in advancing the cause of higher education, is meeting with some
appreciation, as will be noted by the following, which we clip
from the Chicago Medical Standard :

Whatever be the opinion of the New York State Medical Society
anent its position on the code, it is clearly doing more to elevate the
status of the profession and the individual physician than any other
State society. Through its efforts, the medical institutions of the State
have been lifted from the slough of "baseness" and •♦politics." No
one can be selected as medical officers except from such as have passed
an examination. A tenure-of-office act secures them in their position .
The excellent medical practice act of that State was originated by the
State Medical Society. It, and all other reforms, have been bitterly
fouf^ht by a heterogeneous crowd of allies, among whom patent
medicine ' ' fakirs " and old codeite professors loom up prominently.

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At the recent meeting of the Amerioan Microscopical Society^
held at Madison, Wis., Dr. Wm. C. Krauss, of Buffalo, was
awarded the prize for the best collection of mounted slides.

Db. a. Walter Sctitbb, of Herkimer, N. Y., ex-president of the
Medical Society of the State of New York, received the degree of
A. M. at the commencement of Union University, held in
June, 1893.

Db. H. C. Lbonhabdt, of Tonawanda, sailed for Europe on
September 1, 1893, by the steamer Normanna. He will pass a
year on the continent in perfecting himself in medical and
surgical knowledge, first, however, spending several weeks in a
general tour of observation and pleasure, visiting Germany,.
Switzerland, and Italy, after which he will locate for several
months in Vienna.


Db, Walteb Vought, of New York City, died at the New York
Hospital, on Sunday, September 24, 1893, of typhoid fever, con-
tracted, it is alleged, while attending a child ill of that disease.
Dr. Vought was thirty-one years of age, a promising young physi-
cian, and was the son of Annie M. and the late John H. Vought
of this city. His remains were brought to Buffalo for inter-

Db. Gbailt Hewitt, of London, one of the best known medical
men of his time, is dead at the age of sixty-five years. He waa
professor of obstetric medicine in the university, and obstetric
physician to University Hospital, London. lie was a voluminoua
writer, a teacher of great fame, and, altogether, one of the most
genial and lovable characters that Great Britain has lately pro-
duced in the field of medicine. His loss will be seriously felt not
only in the immediate locality of his work, but throughout all the
world of obstetric and gynecological medicine.

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Db. Chablbs L. Dayton died at his residence, No. 400 Dearborn
street, Buffalo, N. Y., on Thursday, September 7, 1893, in the
sixty-seventh year of his age. His fatal ailment was typhoid fever,
and had been of about ten days' duration.

Dr. Dayton was born in Eden, Erie county, N. Y., and was grad-
uated in medicine from the University of Buffalo in 1854. Imme-
diately thereafter he began the practice of his profession at Black
Rock, and had been an active practitioner of medicine for nearly
forty years, when he died. His family practice was large, and he
was a man of genial companionship and of a sympathetic nature.
He had been Health Physician of Buffalo, which was the only
public office that he ever held. He leaves a wife and one daughter,
besides his brother. Dr. Louis P. Dayton, who was formerly
. Mayor of Buffalo.

The funeral was largely attended, on Saturday, September 9th,
and was conducted with Masonic rites.

He was a member of the Medical Society of the County of
Erie, that has taken action relating to his death as follows :

At a special meeting of the Medical Society of the County of Erie,
held September 8th, for the purpose of taking suitable action upon the
death of Dr. Charles L. Dayton, the President, Dr. John Parmenter,
opened the meeting in appropriate terms, then called for remarks by
members of the profession.

The older members present who were well acquainted with Dr.
Dayton, readily responded. Those who addressed the meeting in
eulogy of the deceased, were Dr. Conrad Diehl, Dr. Hauenstein. Dr.
Phelps, and Dr. Samo. The following resolutions were reported and
read :

Whebeas, This society has sustained a fi^reat loss in the death of
Dr. Charles L. Dayton, one of its oldest members ; therefore,

Resolved, That while we bow to this dispensation of Divine Provi-
dence, we desire to place on record our appreciation of the many vir-
tues of the deceased ; his never-failing devotion to his profession, and
his high ethical bearing towards his brother practitioners, endeared
him to all. His was a spirit of the true philanthropist, making him a
faithful friend to the poor, a sympathetic confidant and adviser to the
sick and suffering, and a public-spirited citizen, faithful and efficient in
the discharge of official duties as Health Officer in times of great peril
to the community.

Resolvedy That these resolutions be spread upon the minutes of
the Society, and a copy be transmitted to the family of our deceased

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Resolved, That the members of this society attend the funeral in a


Asst. Secretary. Committee.

^ociei^ Meefing/i.

The Mississippi Valley Medical Association will hold its nine-
teenth annaal meeting at Indianapolis, Wednesday, Thursday, and
Friday, October 4, 6, and 6, 1893. President, R. Stansbary Sut-
ton, M. D., Pittsburg ; Vice-Presidents, W. N. Wishard, M. D.,
Indianapolis ; W. S. Christopher, M. D., Chicago ; Secretary,
Frederick C. Woodburn, M. D., Indianapolis; Committee of
Arrangements — George J. Cook, M. D., Chairman ; H. M. Lash,
M. D.; O. G. Pfaff, M. D.; Theo. Potter, M. D.; George W. Ver-
non, M. D.

The following titles of addresses and papers have been offered,
namely : President's address. Fibroid Tumors of the Uterus, R.
Stansbury Sutton, M. D., Pittsburg ; address on Medicine, James
F. Hibberd, M. D., Richmond, Ind.; address on Surgery, The
Anatomy and Surgical Treatment of Inguinal Hernia in the Male,
Henry O. Marcy, M. D., Boston.

Papers will be read in the different sections as follows : S. E.
Allen, Cincinnati, The Pathology of Pharyngeal Inflammations ;
E. Wyllis Andrews, Chicago, A Surgeon's View of Appendicitis ;
John Aulde, Philadelphia, Cellular Therapy, Its Practical Adap-
tation in the Treatment of Disease ; Robert H. Babcock, Chicago,
The Schott Method of Treating Diseases of the Heart by Means of
Baths and Gymnastics ; A. J. Banker, Columbus, Ind., Some Practi-
cal Points in the Treatment of Abscesses and Tuberculous Glands ;
A D. Barr, Calamine, Ark., The Physiology of Conception ;
Adolph Blitz, Indianapolis, Pterygium, Its Nature and Treatment;
Joseph L. Bauer, St. Louis, The Treatment of Hip-Joint Disease as
Related to its Etiology ; Louis Bauer, St. Louis, Incurability of
Advanced and Extreme Cases of Talipes Equino-Varus by the
Means and Methods in Vogue at the Present Time — Suggestion
of a Way to Remove the Deformity Without Disturbing the Use-
fulness of the Extremity ; J. T. Berghoff, St. Joseph, Mo., Treat-

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ment of FractureR of the Leg ; Seth S. Bishop, Chicago, Treatment
of Mastoid Diseases, with Operation ; I. N. Bloom, Louisville,
Electrolysis in the Removal of Saperflaons Hairs ; A. W. Brayton,
Indianapolis, Presentation of Cases of Skin Disease, (a) Sarcoma of
the Face, with Sections, (b) Lupas Matilans, (c) Xeroderma Pig-
mentosum, two oases ; J. 6. Carpenter, Stanford, Ey., Strictures
of Large Caliber, Follicular Urethritis, XJrinai'y Infiltration, Abscess
— two cases — recovery ; A. Morgan Cartledge, Louisville, Shall
We Operate in All Cases of Appendicitis ? Wm. Cheatham, Louis*
ville. Medical Ophthalmoscopy ; Joshua Chitwood, Connersville,
Ind., The Old and New Method as Applied to Surgery; C. G.
Oomegys, Cincinnati, Medical Jurisprudence ; Wm. T. Corlett,
Oleveland, Pemphigus, Its Varieties, Course, and Treatment, with
« Report of Some Unusual Cases ; T. D. Crothers, Hartford, Conn.,
The Medical Treatment of Inebriety ; N. D. Cox, Spencer, Ind.,
Puerpera Hemorrhagica, with Report of a Case ; J. C. Culbertson,
Cincinnati, Diphtheria ; Ephraim Cutter, New York, The Treat*
ment of Sclerosis of the Spine ; Wm. H. Davis, Denver, CoU
Paper ; Wm. B. Dewees, Salina, Kan., The Erect Posture for
gynecological Examinations ; Allen De Vilbiss, Toledo, O., New
Devices for Cutting Bone ; Arch. Dixon, Henderson, Ky., Paper ;
L. H. Dunning, Indianapolis, Intestinal Obstruction After Abdom-
inal Section ; Joseph Eichberg, Cincinnati, Essential Paroxysmal
Tachycardia ; Orpheus Everts, College Hill, O., Problems of Pub-
lic Interest Concerning the Insane ; Wm. A. Galloway, Xenia, O.,
Diphtheria, A Treatment Giving a Low Death-rate in Hospital
and Private Practice ; Heneage Gibbes, Ann Arbor, Mich., The
History of a Case of Phthisis Treated with Gold and Iodine, and
where Inoculations of Guinea Pigs with the Sputum were kept up
until it became Inocuous ; Ruf us B. Hall, Cincinnati, Paper ;
D. J. Hayes, Milwaukee, Some Points on Surgery of the Prostate ;
F. C. Heath, Indianapolis, Hygiene of the Eye; Fred Jenner
Hodges, Anderson, Ind., Continuous Submersion in Infected
Wounds of the Extremities ; T. E. Holland, Hot Springs, Ark.,
Paper ; Bayard Holmes, Chicago, What Sort of a Medical Educa-
tion is Required, and Whose Duty is it to Furnish it? Wm. H,
Humiston, Cleveland, The Treatment of the Diseases of the
Uterine Appendages; Wm. F. Hutchinson, Providence, R. L,
Electric Anesthesia, Further Studies ; Geo. F. Keiper, Lafayette,
Ind., Etiology of Deafness, and Its Prevention ; J. H. Kellogg,
Battle Creek^ Mich., A Critical Study of the Symptomatology of

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the Disorders of Digestion; 6. W. H. Kemper, Muncie, Ind., A
Oase of Senile Gangrene, Treated by Amputation; Emory
Lanphear, Kansas City, Sargery of the Crani^, What is the
Proper Treatment? Hugh M. Lash, Indianapolis, Chorea, Its
Etiology and Treatment ; Bransford Lewis, St. Louis, The Patho^
logical Anatomy of Urinary Retention, with Deductions as to
Treatment ; Wm. H. Link, Petersburg, Ind., The Value of a Close
Observation of Other Men's Work ; H. W. Loeb, St. Louis, Some
Illustrative Cases of Nasal Headache ; I. N. Love, St Louis, Mo.,
Chorea in its Relation to Rheumatism ; G. Frank Lydston, Chi-
cago, Some Heresies Regarding Prostatic Pathology ; Anne H.
McFarland, Jacksonville, 111., The Classification of the Insane;
Chas. F. McGahan, BetUehem, N. H., Physical Culture in Pul-
monary Disease; Theo. A. McGraw, Detroit, Paper; L. S.
McMurtry, Louisville, Paper; Joseph M. Mathews, Louisville,
Ulceration of the Rectum, Its Etiology and Treatment; J. G.
Meaehem, Racine, Wisconsin, Lung Diseases as they Occur
on the Shores of Lake Michigan ; Giles S. Mitchell,
Cmcinnati, Ohio, Cesarian Section and its Substitutes ; J.
McLean Moulder, Kokomo, Ind., Brain Surgery, with Report of
Cases ; J. B. Murphy, Chicago, Perforative Peritonitis ; Frank P.
Norbury, Jacksonville, III., Medico*Legal Aspect of Brain Tumors ;
A. H. Ohmann-Dumesnil, St. Louis, Chancroid of the Eyelid ; J.
C Oliver, Cincinnati, Tubercular Disease of the Tarsus, Surgical
Treatment, Results ; L. F. Page, Indianapolis, Hay Fever ; H. O.
Pantzer, Indianapolis, Tubercular Peritonitis ; Theo. Potter, India-
napolb, The Pathology and Principles of Treatment of Asthma ;
Joseph Price, Philadelphia, Why Gynecology and Obstetrics
Should be in the Hands of Specialists ; I. N. Quinby, Jersey City,
N. J., A New Method of Operating at the Ankle- Joint for Injuries
of the Foot ; A. Ravogli, Cincinnati, Cutaneus Psorospermosis ;
J. M. Ray, Louisville, The Nose and Naso-Pharynx in Their Rela-
tion to Suppurative Diseases of the Middle Ear ; Thad. A.Reamy,
Cincinnati, The Evolution in the Treatment of Uterine Fibroids
Since my Entrance into the Profession ; B. Merrill Ricketts, Cin-
cinnati, Report of Surgical Cases, with Photographs ; John Ridlon,
Ohicago, Differential Diagnosis and Principles of Treatment of
Hip-Joint Disease ; Eric E. Sattler, Cincinnati, Paper ; J. C. Sex-
ton, Rusbville, Ind., Study of a Fatal Case of Essential Tachycar-
dia ; M. T. Scott, Lexington, Ky., Septic Infection of the New-
Bom; Y. C. Smythe, Greencastle, Ind., Dirt vs. Drugs in the

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Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus ; Albert E. Stearne, Indianapolis^
Multiple Sclerosis ; F. E. Stewart, Watkins, K. T., Some of the
Treatments Employed in Sanitariums ; C. B. Stemen, Fort Wayne,
Ind., Antiseptic Precautions in Railway Injuries ; Leon Straus,
St. Louis, A Plea for More Frequent and Earlier
Colotomy in Painful Malignant Diseases of the Rectum;
Frank J. Thornbury, Buffalo, N. Y., The Bacteria of the Surface —
Disinfection of the Latter — Non-Utility of Antiseptics; Max
Thorner, Cincinnati, Modern Methods of Treating Ear Diseases ;
Lyman Beecher Todd, Lexington, Ky., Certain Diseases of Infancy,
Their Prevention ; Geo. W. Vernon, Indianapolis, Infantile Thera-
peutics ; Carl H. Von Klein, Cleveland, Nasal and Post-Nasal
Vegetations ; Karl Von Ruck, Ashevilie, N. C, Paper ; Edwin
Walker, Evansville, Ind., Reflex Irritation as a Cause of Disease ;
H. O. Walker, Detroit, Kraske's Operation, with Report of Cases ;
Geo. W. Webster, Chicago, The Value of an Examination of the
Blood as an Aid in Diagnosis ; X. O. Werder, Pittsburg, The
Present Status of the Treatment of Uterine Fibroids; J. R.
Weist, Richmond, Ind., The Diagnosis and Treatment, by the
General Practitioner, of the Minor Diseases of the Sexual Organs
of Women ; Wm. E. Wirt, Cleveland, Treatment of Old and Neg-
lected Cases of Hip Disease ; Wm. N. Wishard, Indianapolis,
Paper ; E. A. Wood, Pittsburgh, Therapy of Gold ; J. E. Wood-
bridge. Youngstown, O., Can Typhoid Fever be Aborted ?

At the meeting of the Ohio State Medical Society, held in June,
the following oflicers were elected t President, N. P. Dandridge,
M. D., Cincinnati ; First Vice-President, F. C. Larimore, M. D.,
Mt. Vernon ; Second Vice-President, Wm. Caldwell, M. D.,
Fremont ; Third Vice-President, W. T. Corlett, M. D., Cleveland ;
Fourth Vice-President, L. S. McCurdy, M. D., Dennison ; Secre-
tary, Thos. Hubbard, M. D., Toledo ; Assistant Secretary, Charles
Graefe, M. D., Sandusky ; Treasurer, J. A. Duncan, M. D., Toledo.

The Medical Society op the State of New York. — The
following Business Committee has been appointed by the Presi-
dent of this Society, Dr. Bendell, — namely: Dr. Henry Flood,
of Elmira ; Dr. L. Bolton Bangs, of New York ; Dr. Edward
Clark, of Buffalo — to whom communications may be addressed
regarding papers for the n^xt meeting of the society, in February
next. F. C. CURTIS, Secretary,

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pepper: thkoby and practice of medicine. 177

S^ooiC S^e^iecoAt

A Text-Book op the Theory and Practice of Medicine. By Ameri-
can teachers. Edited by William Pepper. M. D.. LL. D.. Provost
and Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine and of Clini-
cal Medicine in the University of Pennsylvania. In two volumes ;
illustrated. Vol. I. Large octavo, pp. 909. Philadelphia : W. B.
Saunders. 913 Walnut street. 1893.

The list of authors who have written for this work com-
prises the names of some of oar most eminent and admired teach-
ers, — men who have for many years led the ranks in medicine. The
names of those contributing to this volume are Billings, Osier,
Pepper, Thompson, Whittaker, and Wood.

John S. Billings contributes an admirable article upon Hygiene,
which occupies first place in the volume and sets forth the great
principles of hygiene, supported by statistics, clear argument, and
calm reasoning. We consider it a noticeable step in advance
that this sound and elaborate article upon hygiene should fill the
first pages of a modern text-book of medicine.

William Pepper, among other articles, contributes one of
especial value upon Typhoid Fever, in which eighteen pages are
devoted to treatment. We are glad to see that Dr. Pepper is
opposed to the use of semi-solid or solid food during the course of
typhoid fever ; and, while he says some excellent observers sanc-
tion its use, be has repeatedly observed harmful effects from its
administration. The tenor of Dr. Pepper's remarks upon the
administration of alcohol in typhoid fever indicates that he depre-
cates the use of alcohol simply because the diagnosis of typhoid
fever is admissible, and he evidently advises the use of alcoholic
stimulants only when there is profound constitutional disturbance,
while in mild cases which are progressing favorably alcohol should
be withheld. In the consideration of the temperature of typhoid
fever, Dr. Pepper says that the high mortality in this disease
comes, directly or indirectly, from persistent pronounced pyrexia,
and he advocates the use of cold baths, according to the Brand
method, in order that the temperature may be kept below 102.5°
Fahrenheit. Other methods of application of cold to the surface
of the body, in typhoid fever, for the reduction of temperature,
are described ; but, happily. Dr. Pepper plaaes the highest value
upon the Brand treatment, the details of which he carefully gives.
We do not think, however, that Dr. Pepper sufficiently emphasizes

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the beneficial effects of the cold baths upon the nervoas system,
the circulation, the digestive apparatus, and the general tone of
the patient ; nor does he lay enough stress upon the fact that com-
plications are rendered less frequent and less serious under the
bath treatment ; nor does he show how medication may be reduced
to a minimum or entirely dispensed with, and how the therapeutics
of typhoid fever may be greatly simplified, so as to consist merely
of the regular administration of milk, attention to the hygienic
surroundings, good nursing, and the cold plunges. From the pen
of so able a man as Dr. Pepper, we should be pleased to see a plea
for simplified therapeutics in typhoid fever. As regards the
administration of intestinal antiseptics in typhoid fever, more
caution and discrimination should be advised, as it is with a
delusive hope of affecting the intestinal lesions and the specific
bacteria of the disease that so many physicians give, as we have
often had occasion to notice, numerous doses of the most incom-
patible and disgusting combinations. Too free medication in
typhoid fever is to be deprecated as urgently as the cold plunge
treatment is to be advocated.

James T. Whittaker writes well-arranged and concise articles
upon the Exanthemata, which admit of easy reference, and are
valuable alike for practitioner and student. The chapters written
by W. Oilman Thompson are noticeable for the careful and detailed
account of the specific agents in the causation of diphtheria and
the malarial fevers. These chapters are otherwise well up to date,
and are worthy of careful reading.

H. C. Wood writes the section upon Diseases of the Nervops
System in his familiar felicitous style, which makes delightful
reading of this portion of the volume. His articles upon Neuras-
thenia and Hysteria are concise and to the point, although the
failure to mention eye-strain as a causative element in these affec-
tions renders their discussion far from complete. The correction
of ocular errors, refractive or muscular, has done so much toward
relieving hysteria and neurasthenia that it is no longer a subject
to scoff at, but one which should engage our earnest attention.

Among other excellent contributions to this volume, William
Osier writes a valuable chapter upon Vaso-motor and Trophic Dis-
orders, in which are discussed Raynaud's Disease, Anglo-neurotic
Edema, and Acromegaly, affections the literature of which has
been heretofore found chiefly in the journals. This volume has
more than usual merit, in that it is composed of the most advanced

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writings of some of the ablest among our American physicians,
and we should be proud of it as a purely American production and
as an effort that reaches a high standard. A. A. J.

Human Embryology. By Charles Sedgwick Minot, Professor of
Histology and Human Embryology, Harvard Medical School, Bos-
ton. 463 illustrations. New York : William Wood & Co. 1892.

Professor Minot has presented, in this volume of some 800
pages, an exhaustive treatise of the subject. It appeals most
strongly to the advanced student of embryology, but even the
average medical reader, who has only the most rudimentary
knowledge of the subject, can appreciate the magnitude of the
work, and the years of earnest, persistent labor that have been
required to complete it.

The introductory chapters treat of the Anatomy and Physiology
of the Uterus, with special reference to the histology of its mucosa,
and the transitions which the latter undergoes during functional
activity. The formation, minute structure, and function of the
decidnse, are discussed in detail. The author shows that the func-
tions of menstruation and gestation are essentially homologous —
the former being simply less prolonged and intensified, — in fact,
a mimic labor.

Part I., on the Genital Products, contains five chapters, the
first two of which are devoted to the life history of the spermata-
zoon and ovum, respectively. The third and fourth, to ovulation
and impregnation, and the last, to a discussion of the theories of
sex and heredity. '

It is from a careful study of the genesis of the sexual elements
that he obtains the data from which his theory of the natnre of
sexuality is deduced. He says : " This hypothesis is based upon
three categories of facts : First, sexual reproduction is effected by
the union of a male and female element, which produces a cell ;
this cell is, therefore, hermaphroditic, or perhaps one should say,
asexual or neuter, since it is neither male nor female; second,
when the cell which gives rise to the female element matures into
an ovum, it undergoes a remarkable process of unequal division,
known as the extrusion of the polar globules ; in other words, the
cell divides into three bodies — (a) two polar globules, (b) a
single female element — in some cases the polar globules divide
further; third, when a cell divides into male elements, there
remains one cell which does not f orm a spermatazoon ; in mammals

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it is probable that the parent cell divides into three cells, one of
which (b) remains to form the base of Sertoli's column, and two
of which (a) subdivide further to produce the spermatoblasts, and,
ultimately, the spermatozoa."

Assuming that this view of spermatogenesis is true, the author
shows that in each cell both sexes are potentially present — that in

Online LibraryJ. A. (Joel Asaph) AllenBuffalo medical journal → online text (page 18 of 78)