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J. A. (Joel Asaph) Allen.

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absence of restraining influences, who is willing to return to the
old order of things, which existed for so many years. It is safe to
say that in less than ten years the distinctions, now barely under-
stood, or for the most part very much misunderstood, by the laity,
which in medicine, as in all science, recognizes only worth, and
relegates bluster and charlatanry to the rear, will be an open book,
so that he who runs may read. The advertising quack will have
his place as does the shyster lawyer, because 2M physicians m\i%X,
needs by that time be on a parity, the foundation of which will be
knowledge, vouched for by the state in the form of a license.

Most of the exemptions having ceased, the last academic year was
a busy one for the New York State medical examiners. There were
327 candidates for license, showing that the estimate of ian annual
influx of 400 physicians, rather than from HOO to 700 as of old, is
very near the mark. It is more than probable that the current
year will demonstrate this still more clearly. Of this number, 267
succeeded in meeting all requirements and passing the medical
examinations, and are now registered as practitioners of medicine by
virtue of a state license. Two hundred and forty-four of these are
state board men, seventeen are homeopaths, and six are eclectics.

Many persons suppose that the position of state medical exam-
iner is a sinecure, and that from the fees collected a revenue of no
mean proportions is returned to the individuals constituting the
boards. It will be interesting, therefore, for such to study the
following figures :

Gross income since September 1, 1891 $10,005.00

Gross expenses of enforcing the law and conducting

the examinations, disbursed by the regents. .. . 7,835.40



Balance |2, 169.60

Divided among the examiners pro rata^ according to the number
of candidates examined, this has yielded to examiners representing



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THE STATE EXAMINATION FOB LICENSE. 229

the Medical Society of the State of New York, $246.21, or $123.10
each, per annum ; to those representing Homeopathic State Medi-
cal Society, $163.17 ; and to those representing Eclectic State
Medical Society, $64.40.

The syllabus now in course of preparation promises to be a
work of large proportions, and likely to be a standard for study in
most, if not all, of the colleges in the country. The demand for
the last one was very great, but its compilation was hurried and
calculated more for the use of out-of-the-state practitioners of long
standing than for the recent graduates'; hence the text necessarily
could not be " up to date." The work now in press will be a scien-
tific model for the systematic study of medicine, as well as a guide
for those who contemplate taking the state licensing examinations.

Some of the effects of the establishment of state boards of
medical examiners have been improved methods of teaching, pro-
longation of terms of study, and the establishment of new chairs
of instruction. While in New York State the entire subject of
medicine is divided into seven main topics, the questions asked
under these topics are so sub-divided as to comprehend almost
every sub-head in medicine. Realizing the importance of having
their graduates well equipped for passing these tests, the means
above enumerated have been adopted for the benefit of college and
profession. In consequence, teachers on hygiene, medical jurispru-
dence, and other sub-divisions of medicine, exist now in fact as well
as in name in most of our colleges, a thorough drill and review
teaching is a feature of the curriculum, and some of the lecture
courses extend over a period of eight months.

Under the direction of the Committee on Legislation of the
Medical Society of the State of New York, an auxiliary committee
has been at work looking out for the enforcement of the law govern-
ing medical registration in every county in the state. They have
done such excellent work, that today every registration recorded
since the new law went into effect, is known to the society, and where
correction of illegal registration has not already been made, the
penalty of the law will be enforced. In addition, county clerks are
now conversant with the conditions regulating registration, and it
is more than certain that no new name will be added to the records
unless the document on which registration is demanded, bears the
seal of the regents.

Are you a graduate of an out-of-the-state medical college ?
Was your diploma indorsed by the faculty of a New York State



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230 EDITORIAL.

medical college, or by the regents previous to your registration in
this state ? If not, you are practising medicine illegally ; your
evidence as a witness may be brushed aside whenever you attempt
to give medical testimony ; you cannot collect a claim for profes-
sional services ; you are liable to prosecution for illegal practice.
The remedy lies in making immediate application for validation of
your illegal registration. This can be done only on the recom-
mendation of the state board of medical examiners. If this fits
your case, write at once to Regents' Office, Albany, N. Y., for
proper blanks and a copy of the law, — you will find provision
made for you in par. 148, sec. 2, ch. 661, Art. 8, Laws of
1893.

Under the new law it is well to remember that every document
presented at a county clerk's office, in order to be registered, must
bear the impress of the Regents' seal. This seems on its face like
the extreme of red-tape, but such is not the case. The man whose
original registration was valid, may have the seal applied to his
credentials on application and with only such loss of time as is
entailed by the transmission of his documents or diploma to and
from Albany. Every reputable practitioner changing his residence
from one county to another is willing to take this little trouble to
place himself on a safe footing. On the other hand, the quack, if
he succeeded at some previous time in being registered illegally
by some pliant or ignorant official, now finds his field of operations
confined to the one county, as an appeal for the authoritative seal
for practice elsewhere, at once exposes the irregularity of his
original registration and renders him liable to prosecution.



THE RESIGNATION OF DR. ROCHESTER.

Dr. Dblancet Rochester, one of the associate editors of this
journal, tendered his resignation in that capacity, to take effect
January 1, 1892. Upon our request he has deferred an insistence
upon its acceptance until this time, but now asks us to drop his
name as a member of the Journal staff. We do so with great
reluctance, but recognize the fact that Dr. Rochester's large and
increasing practice makes such strenuous demands upon his time
and strength, as to preclude his further services as one of the
editors of the Journal. We hope, however, to publish from
time to time contributions from his pen that are always valuable
and of interest.



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TOPICS OF TUB MONTH. 231

TOPICS OF THE MONTH.

The announcement of the College of Physicians and Su?geons of
Ontario, for the academic year 1893-'94, is issued. This is the
official record of the action of the Council of the Medical Profes-
sion of Ontario for the period indicated. In contains the names
of officers, boards of examiners, committees, etc., of the council,
together with full list of students of medicine who have passed
the matriculation examination before the examiners appointed by
the council ; those who have passed the first, second, and third
years', and the primary examinations, together with members of
the College of Physicians and Surgeons, who have attained their
membership by passing the final examination before the board of
examiners. The minutes of the proceedings of the council are
also incorporated in this volume, together with much valuable
information relating to the functions and operations of this body.
It is such a list as we hope the State of New York will soon pub-
lish annually for the information of the profession.



Bbigadibb-Gbnebal George M. Sternberg, Surgeon-General United
States Army, has inaugurated a plan for the establishment of an
army medical school. General orders were issued from the war
department on June 24, 1893, on this subject, and the regulations
for the government of the school were announced as follows:
Colonel Charles H. Alden, Assistant Surgeon-General, United States
Army, president of the faculty and lecturer on the duties of medi-
cal officers; Lieutenant-Colonel William H. Forwood, Deputy
Surgeon-General, United States Army, professor of military sur-
gery ; Major John S. Billings, Surgeon, United States Army, pro-
fessor of military hygiene ; Major Charles Smart, Surgeon United
States Army, professor of military medicine and director of the
chemical laboratory ; Captain Walter Reed, Assistant Surgeon,
United States Army, professor of clinical and sanitary microscopy
and director of the pathological laboratory; Captain < Julian M.
Cabell, Assistant Surgeon, United States Army, assistant to the
professor of military surgery and instructor in hospital corps drill.
It is farther announced that the course of instruction will be
for four months, and will be given annually at the Army Medical
Museam in Washington City, commencing on the first day of
November, 1803. It will include lectures on and practical instruc-
tion in — 1. The Duties of Medical Officers in War and Peace. 2.



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232 EDITORIAL.

Military Surgery, the Care of the Wounded in Time of War, and
Hospital Administration. 3. Military Hygiene. 4. Military
Medicine. 5. Microscopy, Sanitary and Clinical ; Pathological
Histology, Bacteriology, and Urinology. 6. Hospital Corps Drill
and First Aid to the Wounded. By permission of the Surgeon-
General, medical officers of the army who desire to avail them-
selves of the course of instruction, and who are stationed
in or near the City of Washington, or who have a leave
of absence which enables them to attend the course, may
be admitted as pupils under the same regulations as apply
to recently "approved candidates for admission to the medi-
cal corps of the army." At the termination of the course
of instruction, the "approved candidates for admission to the
medical corps of the army " will be examined by the several pro-
fessors, and their relative proficiency in each branch will be
reported by the president of the faculty to the Secretary of War
through the Surgeon-General of the army.



Thb Colorado Medical Library Association, at Denver, is endeavor-
ing to build up a medical library in that city. A committee of
the medical profession, consisting of Dr. J. T. Eskridge, Presi-
dent, Dr. Henry Sewall, Secretary, and Dr. J. C. Dana, Librarian,
has addressed a circular to the several medical journals throughout
the United States, as well as to a large number of the profession,
inviting the presentation of books to aid in the establishment of
the medical library proposed.

We commend the subject to any physician who may have
volumes, either singly or in duplicate, that he feels willing to
place on the shelves of the Denver library. The association will
pay transportation on any such gifts, and they should be addressed
" Care of the Public Library, Denver, Colorado."



The Philadelphia Polyclinic announces that a week will be
devoted to the consideration of cataract. Lectures will be deliv-
ered, operations will be done, and clinical studies will be carried
on in the wards, operating rooms and clinics of the Polyclinic,
Wills Eye Hospital, and other hospitals with which the members
of the teaching staff are connected. The course will be of special
interest to those who are already engaged in the practice of oph-
thalmology, and there will be opportunity to refer to the museums
and public libraries of Philadelphia in the pursuit of this or any



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TOPICS OF THE MONTH. 233

Other special stady. The course begins on Monday, October 30th,
and continues during the morning and afternoon of each day up
to and including Saturday, November 4tb. The fee for the course
will be |15, and to students already taking the regular course on
diseases of the eye at the Polyclinic, |5.

Information may be had on the subject by addressing Dr. A.
W. Watson, Secretary Polyclinic Hospital, Lombard street, west
of 13th, Philadelphia, Pa.



Db. and Mrs. Charles H. Shepard, of Brooklyn, celebrated the
thirtieth anniversary of the establishment of Turkish baths in this
country, by a dinner given at their residence on Columbia Heights,
Brooklyn, on Friday evening, October 6, 1803. The company
included physicians, clergymen, merchants, lawyers, and journal-
ists, with their wives. Dr. Shepard delivered a post-prandial
address, in which he reviewed the ancient origin, the development,
and the progress of the Turkish bath up to the time of its intro-
duction into this country. He said he had been induced to launch
the enterprise amid mammoth discouragements, and at first with-
out much countenance from his brethren of the medical profes-
sion. He pointed out the advantages of the bathing system under
a variety of circumstances, as a luxury, as a preventative of diseases,
and as a cure for many different ailments, all of which had been
amply demonstrated. Letters of regret were read from many per-
sons from a distance, and other addresses, setting forth the bene-
ficial experiences of the bath, were given.

This interesting occasion must have been very gratifying to
Dr. and Mrs. Shepard, for the company were most cordial in com-
pliments expressed to them for the great care and uniform cour-
tesy which had marked their treatment of all who had betaken
themselves to the influences of the Turkish baths on Columbia
Heights.



Mb. Ernest Hart, editor of the British Medical Joumcd, who
recently visited this country as the guest of the Pan-American
Medical Congress, has become involved in a wordy controversy
with Dr. William A. Hammond, Surgeon-General United States
Army (retired).

Dr. Hammond's letters have appeared in the New York Medi-
calJoumal, and so have Mr. Hart's ; but in addition, Mr. Hart has



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234 EDITORIAL.

seen fit to address at least one of his replies to Dr. Hammond to
the entire list of medical journals in the United States. At any
rate, we judge this to be the case, for we received such a communi-
cation in the form of a reproduction of a type-written letter, but
signed by Mr. Hart autograph ically, and posted to us in a one-cent
newspaper wrapper. It will thus be observed that Mr. Hart has
little ethical respect for our postal laws. We notice that many of
the journals throughout the land are publishing Mr. Hart^s letter,
though they have not published Dr. Hammond's communication
which called forth Mr. Hart's answer.

We cannot understand the kind of journalistic ethics which
warrants this freedom ; nor do we understand how Mr. Hart could
expect to obtain so much advertising gratis. The explanation
must be found, we presume, in the fact that many American medi-
cal journals have felt so highly honored with Mr. Hart's communi-
cation, that they have made haste to publish it, not thinking how
rude it was to do so without having published previously^ Dr.
Hammond's letter.

Whatever else Mr. Hart may be, or may fail to be, he is yet a
very clever advertiser, which all must confess.



Among the novelties in the way of ambulances, is an ambulance
car that is to be introduced upon the electric street car system of
St. Louis. It seems that the health commissioner. Dr. Greorge
Horaan, has devised a plan that the car company are giving him
cordial support to perfect. It consists of an emergency hospital
on wheels, with the springs so constructed as to prevent severe
jars to the occupants of the car. We are looking forward to the
practical trial of this system, from which we expect much good
will come. Should expectations be met, it will undoubtedly be
introduced in other cities, and we call the attention of the Buffalo
Street Railway Company to the fact, for it should be early in the
field with all useful and humane improvements like this.



The Cincinnati Lancet- Clinic, under date of October 14, 1898,
speaks editorially on the subject of a state board of medical
examiners, and very pertinently asks what is to be thought of a
medical college that will accept of a student's fees for tuition and
graduation, and then not give him such an amount and quality
of instruction as to enable him to pass the ordinary examination



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TOPICS OF THE MONTH. 235

of a State board of examiners. The Lancet- Clinic intimateB that
there are such colleges not far away from Cincinnati, and at the
same time hopes that a law will be passed in Ohio that will soon
regulate the matter satisfactorily.

It seems that Ohio is the only large or populous state in the
Union that is not now operating under a state board of medical
•examiners, but we hope that it will not delay much longer in join-
ing the procession ; for if there is any state in the Union that
needs the beneficent effect of a state board, it certainly is the
Buckeye State.



The Twenty-seventh National Encampment of the Grand Army
of the Republic was held at Indianapolis in the early days of
September, 1893. It is highly probable that at no former encamp-
ment was its medical department organized on. so comprehensive
and efficient a scale as at this meeting.

The medical director. Dr. E. S. Elder, of Indianapolis, super-
intended the organization, and its personnel consisted of a volunteer
force of 160 resident physicians and surgeons, and twenty surgeons
of the G. A. R. posts in Indiana. To those were added seven con-
tract surgeons, seven hospital stewards, four ambulance surgeons,
twenty-one stewards for emergency stations, eight ambulance
•drivers, one medical purveyor, four bicycle couriers, and four vol-
unteer mounted couriers — a total force of 237. The work was
divided into ten divisions, and a chief surgeon was assigned to
each department. On the day of the parade twenty-two emergency
stations were established along the line of march. These stations
rendered medical assistance to 126 cases during the day, and it is
highly probable that the lives of many veterans were saved by the
timely assistance then and there so promptly rendered.

There is much more of the details of this organization that we
might give, had we the space at command. We have extracted
this much from the comprehensive report of Dr. Elder, published
in the Indiana Medical Journal for October, and we commend the
example of the Indianapolis profession to any city that in future
may aspire to the honor of entertaining the veterans.



The Bulletin of the Harvard Medical Alumni Association for 1898
is before us. It is No. 5 of the series, and contains a report of
the third annual meeting, held in Boston, June 27, 1893. It is
printed after the excellent fashion of the former bulletins, and



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236 PERSONAL — OBITUARY.

contains, among other things, the admirable address of Dr. J. M.
Da Costa, which has already been published in the Medical News,
The bulletin can be obtained by application to the secretary, Dr.
Augustus Thorndike, 101 Beacon street, Boston, Mass.



A PETITION has been sent to the board of supervisors, signed by
twenty-four physicians of Buffalo, offering their services gratui-
tously as an attending staff to the Erie county almshouse, provided
that the almshouse be converted into a county hospital. The idea
is not new, but has been under discussion at different times, though
no action has ever been taken because of serious obstacles, which
have now, however, apparently been removed. The object of this
move is to give the inmates of the almshouse hospital a better
service, and to lift the institution beyond the pale of politics.
Scarcely had the new idea been given to the public, before a
move was made to invest in the chairman of the board of
supervisors the power to name a committee to have full con-
trol over the proposed hospital. The most important function
of this committee would be to appoint a staff of physicians,
and then the hospital would be launched right in the maelstrom of
politics. Of the two methods proposed, the original seems to be
the more humanitarian, the physician and the patients reaping the
benefits, while if the other be adopted, the politician and the
politico-doctor will be the gainers. We have no wish in the mat-
ter beyond the desiro that patients shall obtain the best possible
service — the service they themselves prefer.



PerAonaf.

Dr. Roswell Park, of Buffalo, is lying ill of diphtheria at the
Kimberly cottage of the Buffalo General Hospital. He contracted
the disease in operating on two children of Dr. V. Mott Pierce.
It is believed by his physicians that Dr. Park will recover and,
indeed, that he has passed already the principal dangers of the
malady, for which his many friends will be gratefully thankful.



©feituQf^.

Professor John Michael Maisch, M. D., who occupied the chair
of the Materia Medica and Botany in the Philadelphia College of
Pharmacy, died on Sunday, September 10, 1893, at his residence.
No. 753 North 40th street.



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OBITUARY. 237

Professor Maisch was a native of Hana-on-the-Main, Germany,
where he was born in 1831. He came to this country in 1860, and
has taught pharmacy for a generation both in New York and
Philadelphia. He was also editor of the American Journal of
Pharmacy, and revised the last edition of Griffith's Medical
Formulary. He edited, jointly with Professor Stills, four editions
of the National Dispensatory, and also the Organic Materia
Medica, of which a notice appears in this number of the Journal.
He was an acknowledged authority in the department in which he
has spent so many years teaching and writing.



At a meeting of the New York Neurological Society, held October
3, 1893, the following resolutions were adopted :

Resolved, That it is with the deepest regret that this society has
learned of the death of Dr. Walter Vought. one of its youngest and
most promising members, and one who had already given evidence of
the possession of exceptional knowledge and ability, not only in the
department of neurolog^y, but in the whole field of general medicine,

Resolved, That in the death of Dr. Vought, his colleagues lose a
friend much esteemed for his excellence as a physician, and still more
for his gfood-fellowship, Ipyalty, devotion to principle, and nobility of
character.

Resolved, That this society in expressing its appreciation of the high
qualities of heart and brain of its departed member, and its feeling of
regret at his loss, desires in addition to extend its deep sympathy to his
bereaved family.

FREDERICK PETERSON, M. D.,
JOHN W. BRANNAN, M. D.,

Committee.



Dr. Allen Augustus Stevkns, of Sinclairville, Chautauqua
county, N. Y., died at his residence on Friday, October 13, 1893,
aged forty-five years. Dr. Stevens was a graduate of the Buffalo
University Medical College, in the class of 1873, and immediately
began to practise medicine in his native town, Sinclairville, and so
continued for twenty years.

He married, soon afterward, Mary, daughter of Hon. Orsamus
A. White, of Norwalk, O. His widow, with three children, sur-
vive ; and he also leaves behind an aged father and mother,
together with two sisters.

Dr. Stevens was respected as a citizen, and was largely inter-
ested in whatever advanced the interests of the community; espe-



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238 SOCIETY MEETINGS. — ACADEMY OF MEDICINE NOTES.

cially was he active in promoting educational interests. As a
physician he was accomplished and skilful, as well as eminent and
popular. He was a member of the Medical Society of the County
of Chautauqua. The funeral was largely attended at his late
home on Park avenue, conducted by the Masonic fraternity, in
charge of F. A. Shaw, assisted by Rev. Dr. Rafter, of Dunkirk.
Five orders, or societies, in full regalia were present, and the ser-
vices throughout were imposing and impressive. The bearers were
Doctors E. M. Scofield, E. A. Scofield, Vosburg, Tompkins, Sales,,
and Harrison. The interment was in Evergreen cemetery.



^ociet^ Meefingi*.



The New York State Association of Railway Surgeons will hold
its third annual meeting, under the presidency of Dr. George
Chaffee, at the New York Academy of Medicine, on Wednesday,



Online LibraryJ. A. (Joel Asaph) AllenBuffalo medical journal → online text (page 24 of 78)