J. A. (Joel Asaph) Allen.

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however, they were employed in general hospitals, and were
privileged to terminate their contracts at will. Kot so with the
medical officers, regular or volunteer service, who were subjected
to the stem rules of military discipline with the armies in the
field. Wherever there has been individual injustice, however, we
shall be glad to see a law passed that will correct or remove the

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The State of Ohio is at last in a fair way to enjoy the benefits
of a separate state medical examining and licensing board. A bill
creating such a body has passed one house of the legislature and
seems likely to be approved by the other branch. Ohio has been
for many years a camping-ground for medical tramps, quacks,
fakirs and impostors, and we congratulate our colleagues of the
Buckeye state upon the prospect of an early deliverance from this
horde of vultures. One of the peculiarities of the Ohio bill places
midwives under the supervision of the board, a feature which we
commend. It is rather amusing, however, to note another feature,
namely : " Nothing in this act shall be construed to prohibit adver-
tising in newspapers."


Dr. John Fabhsb Wi»n, of Richmond, Va., has resigned the
professorship of diseases of the nervous system, and has been
appointed clinical professor and demonstrator of obstetrics in
the University College of Medicine, Richmond. Dr. Winn is well
fitted for his new chair, both by inclination and special training.
His oflSces are at 109 West Grace street, Richmond, Va.

Dr. Maud J. Frye, of Buffalo, has been appointed clinical lecturer
on diseases of children in the Buffalo University Medical School.
Dr. Frye is admirably equipped for the work in question, and, as
the first woman to receive an appointment to the college staff,
enjoys a most conspicuous honor.

Dr. C. M. Daniels, of Buffalo, has removed from 868 Main street
to 315 Jersey street, corner Plymouth avenue. Hours : 2 to 4
o'clock p. M. Practice confined exclusively to surgery and jgyne-

Dr. C. S. Siegfried, of Buffalo, has removed from 149 Franklin
street to 280 Franklin street. Hours : 8 to 10 a. m., 1 to 3 and 7
to 8 p. M.

Dr. M. M. Brown, of Flmira, has removed to Buffalo, and estab-
lished his office and residence at 801 Niagara street.

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OBIl-UARY. 555


Dr. Hampton Eugene Hill died at his home in Saco, Maine,
January 9, 1894, in the forty-fifth year of his age. He had been
in ill-health for some time, partly, because of the severe strain of
^n exacting profestrional work, but principally because of the
death of his wife some two years ago, from the shock of which he
never recovered.

Dr. Hill was one of the most eminent abdominal surgeons in
his region of country, and had attained a fame even in his younger
years that might well be the envy of any man in advanced
life. He performed twelve ovariotomies before he ever saw the
operation done by another, and had not even seen the abdomen
opened for any cause, except on the cadaver. He undertook and
carried through to success some of the most desperate cases, under
environments of great discouragement and such as would appall
a less courageous operator. He was often called great distances
into the country and after operating would remain with the
patient until she was out of danger, himself attending to every
detail of after-treatment. In the region where he practised it was
often difficult to obtain competent nurses, and rather than run the
risk of failure by faulty after-management he adopted this course.
In one case he removed a solid tumor, weighing forty-seven pounds,
and put the patient to bed in a state of collapse. After a time,
however, under proper stimulation she revived and ultimately
made a good recovery. In his account of this case Dr. Hill says :
" I spent three weeks with this patient away from home and did
nothing else but take care of her with the nurse. During the first
nine days I did not leave the house but attended to every detail of
care and diet myself, by day and night." Dr. Hill was a most
loveable character, amiable as a woman, but when occasion
required he was as courageous as a lion. He was modest almost
to diffidence, a man of simple tastes and few words, but a strong
character, made doubly so by the environment of his field of labor.
He will be greatly missed by a devoted clientele and a large group
of personal relatives and friends.

Dr. Alexander Dunlap, of Springfield, Ohio, died at his home
in that city on Friday, February 6, 1894, aged 79 years. Dr.
Dunlap was for many years one of the most distinguished surgeons

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west of the Alleghany moantains, and his death removes one
of the roost conspicuoas medical men of his time. In 1843,
not knowing that Clay, of England, and Atlee, of Philadelphia,,
had antedated him for a few months, he removed an ovarian tumor,
basing his diagnosis entirely on the traditions of McDowell's cases,
thus reviving a surgical art that' for more than thirty years had
been lost, but thaH» has now become one of the most useful and
successful branches of major surgery extant. Surrounded by a few
neighboring physicians, Dunlap, on the 17th of September, 1843,.
successfully removed an ovarian tumor weighing forty-five pounds,,
the first ovariotomy made west of the Alleghany mountains sub-
sequent to McDowell's time. A few weeks later the patient died
of complications not due to the operation, but Dunlap was
denounced by his contemporaries for having undertaken a brutal
and useless operation. He, however, outlived this denunciation
and subsequently made over 400 abdominal sections. He also
operated for stone, having successfully removed a calculus weigh-
ing twenty ounces. He also three times removed the under jaw,
ligated the common carotid artery, and removed the clavicle.

Dr. Dunlap has taken a conspicuous part in the medical societies,,
local, state and national, and has left a fame that will ever remain
associated with the history of medicine of the nineteenth century.

^ociet^ Meefingi*.

The Section on Surgery and Anatomy of the American Medical
Association, of which Dr. John B. Roberts, of Philadelphia, is
chairman, and Dr. F. W. McRae, of Atlanta, is secretary, will hold
its meeting in San Francisco, June 5-8, 1894. It is proposed to
devote a portion of the time of this section to the systematic con-
sideration of a few selected subjects, upon which papers, each not
occupying more than ten minutes, will be read. It is hoped that
speakers discussing these papers will confine their remarks to brief
addresses of five minutes' length. The topics and papers to be so
presented are as follows: (1) malignant growths; (2) tubercu-
lar disease of joints"; (3) hernia ; (4) hemorrhoids, fistulsB and
fissure ; (5) fractures ; (6) obstruction to urination in the male.
Members who have specimens or patients to exhibit bearing on
these topics, or who wish to make remarks in the discussion of
them, are cordially invited to be present during the meetings of

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the seotion. The titles of other papers to be presented to the sec-
tion will be published when the program of the meeting of the
association is issued by the committee of arrangements.

The Fourth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Sur-
geons of the United States will be held in Washington, D. C,
May 1, 2 and 3, 1894. This organization is composed of medical
officers of the United States Army, Navy, Marine Hospital Service
>and the National Guard of the United States. Papers of interest
to military surgeons will be read, the afternoon of one day will
be set apart for a drill by the hospital corps, while the evenings
will be devoted to social entertainments. Major George Hender-
son, M. D., Surgeon-General of theN. G. of D. C, 817 S. street, N.
W. Washington, is the chairman of the committee of arrangements.

The Forty-fifth Annual Session of the Medical Association of
ijteoTgisL will meet in Atlanta, Ga., on April 18, 19 and 20, 1894.
The officers are : President, W. H. Elliott, M. D., of Savannah ;
Vice-Presidents, G. T. Miller, M. D., of Americu9, H. McHatton,
M. D., of Macon ; Treasurer, E. C. Goodrich, M. D., of Augusta ;
Secretary, Dan. H. Howell, M. D., of Atlanta.

The Medical Society of the State of Pennsylvania will meet at
Gettysburg, May 15, 1894. Dr. E. E. Montgomery of 1715 Wal-
nut street, Philadelphia, is the chairman of the committee of

The Third Congress of American Physicians and Surgeons will
be held in Washington, D. C, May 29th, 30th and Slst, and June
1, 1894, under the presidency of Dr. Alfred C. Loomis, of New

S^oolC f^eviecoA.

An Illustrated Encyclopedic Medical Dictionary. Being a diction-
ary of technical terms used by writers on medicine and the collateral
sciences, in the Latin, English, French and German languages.
By Frank P. Foster, M. D., editor of the New York Medical
Journal, assisted by eleven collaborators. Vol. IV. Minn-Zyth.
With illustrations. Quarto, pp. 776. D. Appleton & Co. 1894.

The completion of this colossal enterprise marks an epoch in
wordbook making. It becomes a fit occasion on which to oon-

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gratulate the editor and publishers, as well as all who have had to
do with the construction of this great work. Volume IV. is in
all respects a parallel to its predecessors in form, style and general
makeup, which in detail means that it is printed on heavy book-
paper, in double columns with nonpareil caps for words and the
definitions are given in plain nonpareil with compounds in capital-
ized full-faced nonpareil type.

It is copiously illustrated with fine engravings wherever essen-
tial to the better understanding of the text. This dictionary has
no rival, because it is the only one extant in medical literature that
is of a strictly encyclopedic character. The aggregate number of
pages in the four volumes is 3,096, and when it is remembered
that theee are double-column, quarto, closely printed pages, it will
be readily appreciated that an enormous amount of information is
compressed into each volume separately, as well as into the work
as a whole.

While, as we have remarked heretofore, the pages are closely
printed, there has yet been such an admirable selection of type as
to preclude eye^ strain in their reading. As a frontispiece to the
fourth volume there is an excellent plate on which is engraved
twenty-three figures, in colors, showing the principal normal and
abnormal constituents of human urine, compiled and redrawn from
Peyer's atlas of clinical microscopy and other sources. This plate
is accompanied by a complete reference table, making it a most
valuable aid to the histological study of the urine.

We have remarked in notices of the separate volumes, that
this is a dictionary that every library ought to possess, whether
medical or general, and one that every teacher and practitioner
who would do himself justice should obtain. We desire to
accentuate this opinion as we close this final notice of the most
successful and satisfactory wordbook that has ever been uttered
in English or any other tongue. The work is so strongly and
substantially constructed and bound, that it will last many years
even under the most constant use.

Annual Report of the State Board of Charities for the year 1892,
Transmitted to the Le^fislature January 26, 1893. Octavo, pp. 591.
Albany : James B. Lyons, State Printer. 1893.

The reports of this board always possess great interest to philan-
thropists as well as all public-spirited citizens. In it are discussed
questions pertaining to the poor, the insane, epileptics, idiotic

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and feeble-minded, the blind, the deaf, the criminal, the orphan
and the veteran. This board is doing an excellent work in send-
ing alien paupers to their homes in different countries in Europe.
During the year covered by this report, 150 such, who had been
deported to this country from their several European homes were
returned. Of this number there were lunatics, 9 ; imbeciles, G ;
epileptics, 3 ; paralytics, 5 ; vagrants and diseased, 27 ; old and
decrepit, 22 ; blind, 2 ; crippled, 7 ; deformed, 4 ; feebleminded^
26 ; otherwise diseased, 39 ; total, 150. Could any more potent
argument be offered for the supervision of immigration and the
strictest enforcement of laws relating thereto ?

In this report are given the details of the selection of a site for
and the organization of an epileptic colony. The property formerly
owned by the Shakers at Sonyea, Livingston County, was chosen
and is admirably adapted to the purposes named. The buildings
are fully illustrated in the volume and a map of the property ,
accompanies it.

An American Text-Book of Gynecology, Medical and Surgical. For
the Use of Students and Practitioners. By Henry T. By ford, M.
D.. John M. Baldy, M. D., Edwin Cragin. M. D., J. H. Etheridge,
M. D.. William Goodell. M. D.. Howard A. Kelly. M. D.. Florian
Krug, M. D., E. E. Montgomery, M. D., William R. Pryor, M. D.,
George M. Tuttle, M. D. Edited by J. M. Baldy. M. D. Forming
a handsome royal octavo volume, with 360 illustrations in text, and
thirty-seven colored and half-tone plates. Price, cloth, $6.00 ;
sheep, $7.00; half Russia, $8.00. Pp. xxiv.— 713. For sale by
subscription. Philadelphia : W. B. Saunders, 926 Walnut street.

Treatises on gynecology are following each other in such rapid
succession that it almost takes one's breath away, metaphorically
speaking, to keep up with the rapid pace set by authors and pub-
lishers. That there is some excuse for the appearance of these
works with a reasonable degree of rapidity, speaking with reference
to the intervals of publication, cannot be denied. The alleged
necessity for these rapid strides in gynecological book-making may
be accounted for in part by the advances in the science and art in
gynecology, and in other part by the ambition of physicians to
pose as authors, and in still other part by the desire of publishers
to carry on their work and to make it as profitable as possible.
Nevertheless, each work possesses some advantages over its
predecessors, to which rule the present treatise is no excep-

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The opening section of the book is devoted to a consideration
of the examination of the female pelvic organs. The nsaal direc-
tions are given with reference to the office examination, in the
course of which an examination table and chair, together with a
gynecological cabinet, are illastrated. We are at a loss to under-
stand why any form of so-called gynecological chair should receive
•even the qitaai indorsement of pictorial display in a modem
gynecological treatise. A moderate space is given to the considera-
tion of posture that we think might properly be extended with
considerable advantage. An accurate knowledge of posture, not
only with reference to treatment, but also as it relates to the causa-
tion of disesae, should be acquired by every physician who attempts
the practice of gynecology.

In the next section of the work the technique of gynecological
operations is considered. It is here properly stated that technique
is the animating principle of successful operations, but that it has
nothing to do with dexterity or rapidity. Sepsis, asepsis and anti-
sepsis are briefly considered, and the operating room fully described
and illustrated. The preparation of the operator and his assistants
receives due attention^ while ligatures, suture materials, dressings,
sponges and instruments are considered with reference to steriliza-
tion and application. The description of the technique of the
abdominal incision, including its opening, its closure and after-
management, would have been very considerably extended with
profit to students and practitioners.

Menstruation and its anomalies are considered in the next
forty-two pages, and these contain most interesting and instructive
reading. These questions should be more carefully studied by
physicians and information thereon be more accurately imparted
to mothers, and through them to daughters, than is done even in
the intelligent sunlight of the present age. Sterility is briefly con-
sidered without, however, throwing any new light upon the subject,
and then anomalies of the female genital organs are dealt with.
Then follows genital tuberculosis, which forms an interesting
study in the new light of tubercular pathology, and then diseases
of the vulva and vagina are considered. This is one of the most
interesting sections in the book, and is a field that deserves to be
more fully explored than has heretofore been done. Almost every
one of the subheads in this section could be made to serve as the
proper title for an extended essay. We next come to inflammatory
diseases of the uterus, that is considered in a section comprising

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forty-two pages. It contains numerous microscopical illustrations
throwing light on the pathology of these affections and many
others relating to instrumentation and treatment.

Plastic surgery of the genital tract is described in the next two
sections under lacerations of the soft parts and genital fistulse. The
directions given for these operations are for the most part clear
and the illustrations are generally correct ; especially is this the
case with reference to those pertaining to laceration of the cervix.
Distortions and malpositions of the uterus are considered in a sec-
tion comprising eighty pages, that furnish much interesting read-
ing. There is room for difference of opinion as to the part played
in symptomatology by some of the malpositions and distortions of
the uterus, but it is well to have methods of replacement clearly
defined so that intelligent application thereof may be made when-
ever a clear relationship of cause and effect is diagnosticated. We
doubt the propriety, however, of undertaking the reposition of the
uterus by any mechanical repositor, hence we take exception to
the instrument on page 298, the Sims-Pryor repositor, as well as
to the description of its use. The question of pessaries is always
an interesting one, and permits of much latitude in opinion. The
pessaries that really do good are few and the men who are compe-
tent to use them discreetly are fewer. Within certain boundaries
they do good, but they are also capable of much harm. The
personal equation has here a strong and solid foundation. We
wish authors would discontinue illustrating all pessaries which
fasten to belts outside the body. They mislead the novice and
are rarely capable of good in the hands of the expert.

In the section on malignant diseases of the female genitalia
will be found complete directions for the performance of vaginal
hysterectomy as well as a group of well-drawn illustrations, clearly
explaining much of the text. In this section the term malignant
is applied to those affections which progress toward a fatal termina-
tion and have a tendency to return after removal — a most lucid
and satisfactory definition. It stands out in bold relief to the
subject treated of in the next section, — namely, uterine neoplasms,
which are benign in character and do not tend to return after
removal. In this section abdominal hysterectomy is dealt with
and amply illustrated. The several methods of treating the
pedicle are fully set forth, and the indorsement of the author is
given to the intra-abdominal method.

Pelvic inflammation is always an interesting subject to general

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practitioner as well as gynecologist, and the section devoted to it
is fall of information and well written. Pyosalpinx, ovarian
abscess and pelvic peritonitis are here fully treated, bat there
is still another section devoted to diseases of the ovaries and tabes
in which cystoma, myoma and the like are considered. Between
these two sections ectopic gestation is interpolated and all its
various phenomena detailed and illustrated.

A most instructive and important section is that devoted to
diseases of the urethra, bladder and ureters. Then comes the final
section devoted to after-treatment in gynecological operations.
This contains many well-considered directions, and in general may
be said to furnish a safe guide in the post-operative conduct of
gynecological cases.

Finally, it may be remarked that this work will find a useful
place alongside of the other treatises that have lately been issued
on subjects to which it is akin. The editor has performed a diffi-
cult task with much skill and a credit that will give him fame
during the coming years.

Foreign Bodies in the Larynx and Trachea and in the Pharynx and
Esophagus. By John O. Roe. M. D., Rochester, N. Y., Fellow
of the American Laryngological Association ; Corresponding Mem-
bers of the Socifetfe Francaise d' Otologic, de Laryngologle et de
Rhinologie; Member of the British Medical Association, of the
American Climatological Association, of the American Medical
Association, of the Medical Society of the State of New York, of
the Central New York Medical Association, of the Monroe County
Medical Society, etc. Large octavo, pp. 73. Reprinted from
Volume XL of The System of Diseases of the Ear, Nose and
Throat, edited by Charles H. Burnett, M. D., and published by J. B.
Lippincott Company, Philadelphia. 1893.

The subjects dealt with in this monograph possess unusual
interest. There are few persons who have not been annoyed at
some time during their lives with at least a fish bone in their throats,
the memory of which, to say the least, is not pleasant. The irrita-
tion from even so slight a body as a small fish bone is often so
great as to cause alarming anxiety. The variety of foreign bodies
that occasionally lodge in the larynx and trachea and in the
pharynx and esophagus i^ very great, though by far the most com-
mon objects, according to Roe, are fruit stones, pebbles, grains of
corn, beans, coins and buttons. Among the curious bodies that
have been occasionally found in these passages are puff-darts, a toy
velocipede, brass boot hook, a large brooch, shawl pin, an iron

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backle, an amber cigar holder, a toy balloon and the mouth-piece
-of a trumpet. Roe gives numerous illustrations of a number of
foreign bodies in aitu^ among which may be mentioned a toy loco*
motive in the larynx, piece of boiled beef, a buckle, a dime, brass
watch ring and a cockle burr. Other illustrations are given of
foreign bodies in the esophagus, one of the most common of which
is a tooth plate.

All the various methods of extraction are given in this brochure,
and instruments used for that purpose are extensively illustrated.
Hoe has grouped in a single monograph a vast amount of informa-
tion which renders it unnecessary to search the literature through
and through to obtain intelligence concerning any given case, for
here they are noted with complete references. It is one of the
most satisfactory contributions to the literature of the subject
that has ever been made, and no one could have been chosen for
this work who is better equipped than this author.

•Chemistry and Physics. By Joseph Struthers, Ph. B., Columbia
College School of Mines, New York ; D. W. Ward. Ph. B., Columbia
College School of Mines, New York ; and Charles H. Willmarth,
M. S., New York. $1.00. The Students' Quiz Series. Philadelphia :
Lea Brothers & Co. 1893/

This number of the Students' Quiz Series has more place and a
larger excuse for its existence than most of such condensations of
medical literature. To the majority of students the subject of
<}hemistry is the bete noir of medical study, hence any method of
imparting such knowledge and fixing it in the memory, even
though it goes only part way toward the accomplishment of the
object, is to be commended. Students will find this compend of
much use in the pursuit of their studies.

Transactions of the American Gynecological Society. Volume
VIII.. for the year 1893. Small 8vo, pp. xL— 542. Philadelphia :
William J. Dornan, Printer. 1893.

This interesting volume appears with promptitude, as usual,
and contains an excellent group of papers, many of which are
discussed in a pertinent and strong manner. The president's ad-

Online LibraryJ. A. (Joel Asaph) AllenBuffalo medical journal → online text (page 56 of 78)