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in all such as bromin, iodin, chlorin, etc. Is there any reason,
earthly or unearthly, for not following the suggestion ?



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46 SELECTION.

While on the suicidal subject of analogy, reference may be
made to the spelling of program. There are people who will use
the analogic argument, if it serve their purpose, but forget it
when it does not serve them. They will spell diagram^ anagram^
etc., without the overlong tail, but they are horrified at program.
Old Dr. Johnson, in his Contradictionary, spelled some word-end-
ings our, others simply or. Some of his contradictionary after-
comers stick to his honour^ neighbour, favoury and colour, though
they would not be guilty now of horrour, dolour, emperour,
govemour, etc. They are indignant at meeting meter or center, but
if you ask them to spell diameter, scepter, sepulcher, etc., they are
like some other bivalves, they shut up — but << are of the same
opinion still."

To conclude : There is not a single argument of value against a
moderate and at least a small beginning of some kind of spelling,
reform of our intolerable English orthography. As regards the
spelling of medical words, any argument has less weight than as
regards other words. We owe it to our profession to be progres-
sive in this respect — at least, not to be a dead-weight to the car of
progress, and, at the very least, not to pull backward, like an over-
obstinate horse, when the wagon (with one g/) is pushed on to our
heels. Wherefore, brethren, will you not assent to the little
advance already gained, and will you not assent to a few little
timid steps further ? Every argument of logic and uniformity,
and every motive of good-will and interest in progress, is on this
side.

Why shall we not drop the conjoined letter diphthongs in all
words ? Let us spell all our words from the Greek alfia, with the
single vowel e instead of a?.. Let us say hemorrhage, hemostatic,
etc., clear through the list. The same with all other aCs usually
spelled €B, as in orthopedic, pediatric, anesthetic. The same with
ce : Let us accept edema, celiotomy, diarrhea, fetus, etc.

Let us adopt, with never a wry mouth, the " American spelling "
of honor, center, meter (all the meters and liters !), program, and
the rest.

Let us get a chart of the rules for spelling chemic terms
adopted by the American Association for the Advancement of
Science, and hang it in front of our desks, and never spell iodid,
sulphid, hydrid, morphin, chlorin, etc., with more e's than we
should. It is easier to spell them without the e*8 !

Let us be sensible rather than conservative !



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BDITOBIAL — TOPICS OF THE MONTH. 47

BUFFALO MEDICAL AND SURGICAL JOURNAL

A MONTHLY REVIEW OF MEDICINE AND SURGERY.

EDITORS:

THOMAS LOTHROP, M. D. - - WM. WARREN POTTER, M. D.

AH oommunicationB, whether of a literary or business character, should be addressed
to the managing editor: 884 Franklin Strbbt, Buttalo, N. Y.

Vol. XXXIII. AUGUST, 1893. No. 1,

SPELLING OF MEDICAL WORDS.

Fob some time past there has been going on in certain circles an
agitation looking to reform in the orthography of medical words
and terms. The chemists have already success f ally met the ques-
tion by the adoption of simpler endings, and substituting " f " for
*<ph'Mn such words as admit of that change. Many medical
philologists, scholars, and editors have, for some time past, dropped
the use of diphthongs whenever practicable, and otherwise simpli-
fied medical spelling in accordance with their own fancy or good
sense. Dr. George M. Gould, of Philadelphia, the accomplished
editor of the Medical News^ and the author of two excellent dic-
tionaries, is an earnest laborer in this field, and has signaled his
efforts on several occasions, both in writing and by speech. One
of his latest efforts was a paper read at Milwaukee, in June, at the
meeting of the American Medical Association, in which he deals
in detail with the subject. The paper was published in the Medi-
cal New9^ and we have taken the liberty to reproduce it in this
number of the Journal, and we ask for it a patient examination
by all our readers. It is to be hoped that the traditions that have
clung to the past, and are not easily shaken off the present, will
begin to loosen their hold on the minds of medical writers and
teachers to the much-desired simplification of the writing and
printing of many cumbersome medical words and phrases.



TOPICS OF THE MONTH.

Ebbobs in school books are of frequent occurrence, and pertain to
almost every author and all editions. These errors involve almost
every question relating to the history of our country. In school
books are published absurd theories about politics, currency, capi-
tal, labor, free trade, traffic, and all of the important questions of



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48 PERSONAL.

political economy, that are misleadiDg to the youDg mind and
even puzzling to the more mature individual. It is, therefore,
important to correct these evils at once, and we are pleased to
note that Col. Albert A. Pope, of Boston, is endeavoring to do
this. He has already, that is to say, over a year ago, instituted one
search, and he is now starting out upon another. As a stimulant
to the search, he offers to award one of the best pneumatic tire
Columbian safeties, 1893 pattern, price, $150, to each of five persons
who shall send him the greatest number of errors which shall be
determined to be errors by the publishers and authors of books in
which they occur, or by a board of examiners which he may
appoint. These errors must be i^ceived prior to September 1, 1893.
For conditions upon which the awards will be given, and other
information, communications should be addressed to the Educa-
tional Department, Pope Manufacturing Co., Boston, Mass.



The Jennie Casseday Infirmary for Women will be closed for
improving and enlarging the building during the month of August.
It will be re-opened for reception of patients September 1st. Dr.
L. S. McMurtry is the surgeon in charge, and he has been doing a
remarkable series of successful abdominal sections during the
infirmary-year just closed.



Per/*oriaf.



Dr. Frank W. Abbott has removed his office and residence from
223 to 523 Franklin street, between Allen and North streets.
Office hours, 9 a. m. to 1 p. m. Other hours by appointment. Tele-
phone, 1930.



Dr. John Parmenter, Professor of Anatomy and Adjunct Pro.
fessor of Clinical Surgery in the Medical Department of the
University of Buffalo, was elected Fellow of the American
Surgical Association at its recent meeting held in Buffalo. This
is a deserved recognition of the surgical talent of one of the
younger members of the profession.



Dr. J. D. Flagg has been elected Professor of Physiology in
Niagara University, in the place of Dr. Geo. E. Fell, resigned ; Dr.
Harry A. Wood has been appointed Adjunct Professor of Materia



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PERSONAL. 49

Medica and Therapeutics ; Dr. L. Bradley Dorr has been made
Lecturer on Bacteriology, in addition to his Adjunct Professorship
of Chemistry ; Dr. David L. Redmond has been elected Lecturer
on Dermatology ; Dr. Frederick A. Hayes, Demonstrator of
Anatomy ; Dr. Edward M. Dooley, Lecturer on Anatomy ; Dr.
Frederick Preiss, Assistant to the Chair of Principles and Practice
of Surgery ; and Dr. Wm. G. Taylor, Clinical Assistant in
Obstetrics.

Db. John B. Hamilton, Professor of Surgery in Rush Medical
College, Chicago, 111., has been appointed editor of the Journal of
the American Medical Association. Dr. Hamilton's experience as
a man of affairs, his wide professional acquaintance, and his
knowledge of journalism, will increase the usefulness and prosper-
ity of the Journal in a marked degree. It requires no argument
to prove that this periodical has not been in the past, under any
administration, what ijb deserved to be. Let us hope that Dr.
Hamilton's advent auspiciously inaugurates an era of prosperity
and influence for the Journal which ought to represent the profes-
sion of America.



Among the Buffalo physicians who attended the Medical Associa-
tion of Central New York, held June 16th, at Rochester, were,
Drs. Bartlett, Ingraham, Hubbell, Congdon, Howe, Twohey,
Thornbury, Benedict, Crego, Preiss, and Krauss. Dr. H. L.
Eisner, of Syracuse, was elected President ; Dr. F. S. Crego, of
Buffalo, was elected Vice-President of the Association for the
ensuing year. The next meeting will take place in Buffalo.



Messbs. Hummel & Parmblb, the well-known medical journal
advertising agents, have removed from the Drexel building to
more commodious quarters, at No. 257 South Fourth street, Phila-
delphia, Pa.

At the June commencement, Niagara University conferred the
d^ree of LL. D. upon Dr. John Cronyn, and the degree of Ph. D.
upon Drs. Thomas Lothrop and Alvin A. Hubbell, of Buffalo, and
Dr. Frederick Peterson, of New York.



Db. Maud J. Fbtb, late of the Woman's Hospital, Detroit, has
located at 224 Allen street, Buffalo, N. Y.



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50 OBITUABT.

Ofeituar^.



James McCann, M.D., LL. D. —Was born in 1836, now fifty-seven
years ago, in Penn .Township, Allegheny county, Pa. His father
served ander Anthony Wayne in the war for American Independ-
ence. In early boyhood he passed his summers working upon his
father's farm, and the winter months as a pupil of John G. Beatty,
who taught him, in addition to the public school curriculum of
that time, Latin and the higher mathematics. At about thirteen
years of age, his father died, when he began teaching school, and
became a leading member of a local debating society. Even at
this early date he was a ready, fluent, and earnest talker. Tiring
of the monotony of country life, and like the majority of young
men of his age, not knowing exactly what to do with himself, he
decided upon a mercantile career, and at the age of eighteen came
to Pittsburgh, where, after graduating at Duff's College, he spent
several years as book-keeper in a business house. This sedentary
life became irksome to him, his health was not good, and acting
upon the advice of his physician, who regarded him as a young
man of promising talents, he finally decided to study medicine.
With this object in view, he, in 1858, entered the oflSce of Drs.
Thomas and John Dickson, Sr.

He graduated from the Medical Department of the University
^f Pennsylvania in 1863, and immediately entered the medical
service of the army as assistant-surgeon of the Fifth Pennsylvania
Volunteers. He continued in this service until the close of the
war, when he returned to Pittsburgh, and began the practice of
medicine with Dr. W. C. Reiter. Two years later he received the
appointment of surgeon to the Marine Hospital, and the connec-
tion with Dr. Reiter was soon afterward dissolved.

He was next appointed one of the surgeons of the Western
Pennsylvania Hospital, which position he held until a few months
ago, when he resigned, because of ill-health, and accepted the
appointment of Consulting Surgeon. For twenty years he has
been one of the surgeons of the Pennsylvania, the Allegheny Val-
ley, and other railroads entering this city.

He was an active and influential member of the Pittsburgh
Free Dispensary from its inception, of the Board of Health for
many years, of the Allegheny County Medical Society, of the State
Medical Society, of the American Medieal Association, of the



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OBITUARY. 61

American Surgical Association, and of the American Association
of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, but owing to ill-health he was
neyer able to attend a session of the latter.

In spite of the busy life be led, his ardent love and natural
aptitude for teaching led him — in connection with bis confreres of
the "Mott Medical Club" — to undertake the arduous task of
organizing the first medical college in Western Pennsylvania. Into
this work he threw all his enthusiasm, and devoted to it all his
energy and influence. Caring but little for pecuniary reward, it
was with him a labor of love. In September, 1886, after years of
weary and distasteful work, the culminating point of his ambition
was attained by his election to the chair of Professor of the Prin-
ciples and Practice of Surgery. This position, notwithstanding
bis failing health, and in defiance of bodily suffering, he filled until
a few months prior to his death. At last, his physical endurance
being exhausted, his grateful and sorrowing colleagues unani-
mously nominated him for appointment as "Emeritus Professor,"
a last tribute to his eminent worth and ability, but before this
action could be confirmed by the Board of Trustees of the Univer-
sity, death had claimed him as his own.

He died a martyr to his profession, — a sacrifice upon the altar
of charity. His love for it and devotion to it was the direct cause
of his death. He performed an enormous amount of work, and it
was in the performance of a surgical operation, a work of charity
in the Western Pennsylvania Hospital, that he received the fatal
shaft from the quiver of the fell destroyer. Had he, like many
others, turned aside from charity work, and devoted himself
strictly to his lucrative clientele, he would be living today.

He never ceased to be a student. He was too broad-minded to
make a successful specialist. His mental attainments were too
great, his studies and reading too comprehensive, his ambition too
high for any single department of his profession to permit free
scope to his talentp. His mind was alert to grasp and tenacious
to retain knowledge, which enabled him to easily keep pace with
progress and improvement, however rapid, in every department of
medical science.

He stood in the front rank of the leaders of the profession.
His savoirfaire, his strong personal individuality, bis impulsive
and generous nature, won him a host of friends in and out of the
profession.

His reputation and practice were not limited to bis own city,



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52 ▲CADBICY OF MEDICINE NOTES.

county, or state, bat were national. His life was one of unceasing
toil. There are but few surgical operations that he had not per-
formed. His profound knowledge, rather than his personal mag-
netism, made him popular with all the members of the profession
with whom he came in contact, making him eagerly sought as a
consultant, and he never betrayed this trust.

He followed, as strictly as the present state of society will
perhaps admit, the axiom, << A physician's first duty is to his
patient, his second only, to himself."

He was in the active practice of his profession from 1863 to
1893 — a period of but thirty years, yet in those thirty years he
accomplished, perhaps, a task as great, and fulfilled a destiny as
rounded and complete, as the average practitioner of fifty years'
standing. A man's life is measured by his works. Judged from
this standpoint, although he was but fifty-seven years of age, his
death was not premature.

He had faults, but no vices, and his virtues were too many to
dwell upon at greater length. By his death his wife loses a lov-
ing husband, his children an affectionate father, his colleagues a
genial companion and true friend, and his profession a devoted
follower. Mequiescai in pace.

W. SNIVELY,
J. B. MURDOCK,
C. B. KING,
Committee of Faculty y Western Pennsylvania Medical College.
Pittsburgh, June 19, 1893.



•KcaSem^ of Mellcina Rofai#.



Db. C. a. Ring has resigned as Secretary of the Section on Sur-
gery, and Dr. F. S. Metcalfe has been elected to fill the position.



The President's address is published in full in this number of the
JouBNAx, and deserves to be read and followed by all members of
the profession.

The reports of the Secretaries of the various sections show a
healthy and gratifying condition of affairs. The outlook for a
successful year is very encouraging.



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▲CADBMY OF MEDICINE NOTB8 80CIBTT HXBTINOS. 58

Thb election of officers for the Academy resulted as follows:
President, Thos. Lothrop, M. D.; Treasurer, £ugene A. Smith,
M. D.; Trustee, Frederick W. Bartlett, M. D.



The Section on Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology elected the
following officers at its last meeting : President, James W. Put-
nam, M. D.; Secretary, Sidney A. Dunham, M. D.



The walls of the Academy are adorned with photographs and
engravings of some of the former leaders of the local profession.
No better place could be found for preserving the records and
reminiscences of the profession.



The Council of the Academy now consists of the following officers :
Thomas Lothrop, President; J. A. Pryor, H. E. Hayd, M. A.
Crockett, J. W. Putnam, Vice-Presidents ; Wm. C. Kranss, Secre-
tary ; Eugene A. Smith, Treasurer ; Frederick W. Bartlett, Ros-
well Park, Alphonse Dagenais, Trustees ; H. Dowd, Secretary
Section on Medicine; F. S. Metcalfe, Secretary Section on Sur-
gery ; S. A. Dunham, Secretary Section on Pathology ; L. C.
Randall, Secretary Section on Obstetrics.



^ociat^ Meefingi*.

American ELECTBCt-THEBAPEuric Association. — The third annual
meeting of the American Electro-Therapeutic Association will be
held in Chicago, September 12th, 13th, and 14th, at AppoUo hall.
Central Music Hall Block. Members of the medical profession
interested in electro-therapeutics are cordially invited to attend.

AUGUSTIN H. GOELET, M. D., President.

MARGARET A. CLEAVES, M. D., Secretary.

Civil Service Examination fob Juniob Assistant Physicians. — ^An
open competitive examination of candidates for the position of Junior
Assistant Physician in the State Hospital service will be held at the
rooms of the State Civil Service Commission, in the Capitol, Albany,
on Tuesday, September 5, 1893, at 10 A. M. An applicant must be a
graduate of a legally chartered medical college, and have had at least
one yearns actual experience on the medical staff of a public general
hospitaL For application blanks, address Clarence B. Angle, Secre-
tary New York Civil Service Commission, Albany/ N. Y.

THOMAS CARMODY,
Albany, N. Y., July 24, 1893. Chief Examiner.



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64 REVIEWS.



boiC f^e^iecoA.



The Anatomy and Surgical Treatment op Hernia. By Henry
O. Marcy, a. Mm M. D., LL. D., of Boston. President of the
American Medical Association ; Surgeon of the Hospital for Women,
Cambridge ; President of the Section of Gynecology, Ninth Inter-
national Congress ; late President of the American Academy of
Medicine ; Member of the British Medical Association ; Member of
the Massachusetts Medical Society ; Honorary Member of the New
York State Medical Association ; Fellow of the Boston Gynecological
Society ; Corresponding Member of the Medico-Cbirurgical Society
of Bologna, Italy ; Fellow of the American Association of Obstet-
ricians and Gynecologists; Fellow of the Southern Surgical and
Gynecological Association ; late Surgeon U. S. Army, etc. With
sixty-six full-page heliotype and lithographic plates, including eight
colored plates from Bougery, and thirty-seven illustrations in the
text. Sold only by subscripton. Half morocco, $15.00. New York :
D. Appleton & Co. 1892.

When one opens a beautiful quarto volume, illustrated with
admirable plates, one naturally expects the text to be in keeping
with it. Such, however, is not the case with the volume before
us. There is a strange medley in this work of quotations from
classic authors, proceedings of surgical societies, and a mass of
heterogeneous material, all thrown together in a confused, erratic
way, which seems to indicate at once that, however skilled a sur-
geon the author may be, an author he certainly is not. He lacks
one most essential characteristic, at least, and that is a proper sense
of proportion. From the beginning to the end of the book we find
this or that subject given space and exaggerated far beyond its
merits, and, at the same time, either scant or no mention of other
subjects which certainly deserve some notice, if not an elaborate
one. It may be added, incidentally, that the author never forgets
himself, and anything which he may have thought or done always
gets a prominent place. In parts of the work, this is carried to
such an extent that it might fairly be named Dr. Marcy's Treat-
ment of Hernia, instead of having a title indicating a book prop-
erly presenting the subject of Hernia with its subdivisions pre-
serving due proportions, and giving a comprehensive risume of
the subject.

The author seems remarkably enthusiastic concerning the cura-
tive effect of operation. His experience is so different from that
of other surgeons, that one wonders whether he takes the pains to
keep his cases under observation for a suflScient time to draw cor-



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HIBBARD : DIET FOB THE SICK. 56

reot oonclusions. Not a word does he say about danger which he
does not offset with some remark which can easily mislead the
yonng surgeon. A fairly large experience in operating for hernia
omly confirms the belief that, while usually safe, so far as the life
of the patient is concerned, the operation itself is attended with
many perplexing conditions, upon the complete understanding and
mastery over which depends its success. Therefore, we think that
any teaching which tends to minimize dangers almost constantly
present, is bad teaching for students or youthful surgeons. One
could read this book through and never know that fatal hemor-
rhage could or has occurred, or that the testicle sometimes becomes
gangrenous.

Again, almost nothing upon the subject of diagnosis finds a place
in the work, and here, also, the book will be of little or no use to
those who need it most. No region of the body can furnish more
difficult diagnostic problems to the surgeon than the groin some-
times affords, and yet Dr. Marcy passes by this vitally important
part of his subject with the scantiest mention. Everywhere, then,
throughout the book, the author's lack of sense of proportion is
evident. Added to this fault as an author are others equally bad,
viz., careless arrangement and doubtful English.

The book contains much good material. It will be useful to
the student for the historical information to be found in its pages,
and as such it deserves a place with one's books. More than this,
however, in all justice, can hardly be said. The author has not
accomplished what he set out to do, and the reasons are very evi-
dent why he never could succeed. It is a pity that the publishers,
who have done their part so perfectly, have not a text in keeping
with the beantv and finish of the volume. J. P.



DiBT FOB THE SiCK. By Miss E. HiBBARD. Principal of Nurses' Train-
ing School, Grace Hospital, Detroit, and Mrs. Emma Drant, Matron
of Michigan College of Medicine Hospital, Detroit. To which has
been added Complete Diet Tables for various diseases and condi-
tions, as ffiven by the highest authorities. Detroit, Mich. : The
niustrcUed Medical Journal Co., Publishers. Paper, 74 pages.
Price, postpaid, 26 cents ; 6 for $1.00.

This little book is a worthy supplement to any cook-book, as it
deals only with the dishes suitable for the sick and convalescent ;
the receipts being favorite ones in use daily in the hospitals
wherein the authors are employed. To this has been added the
various authorized Diet Tables for use in anemia, B right's disease,



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5(5 REVIEWS.

oalculas, cancer, chlorosis, cholera infantum, constipation, con-
sumption, diabetes, diarrhea, dyspepsia, fevers, gout, nervous affec-
tions, obesity, phthisis, rheumatism, uterine fibroids. It also gives
various nutritive enemas. The physician can use it to advantage
in explaining his orders for suitable dishes for his patient, leaving
the book with the nurse.



Hand-Book op Pathological Anatomy and Histology, with an
introductory section on Post-Mortem Examinations and the Methods
of Preserving and Examining Diseased Tissues. By Francis Dbla-
FiELD, M. D.» LL. D., Professor of the Practice of Medicine, Col-
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia College, New York, and
T. Mitchell Prudden, M. D. , Professor of Pathology and Director of
the Laboratories of Histology, Pathology, and Bacteriology, Col-
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia College, New York.
Illustrated by 300 wood engraving^s printed in black and colors.
Fourth revised and enlarged edition. One large octavo volume of
782 pages, with 300 wood engravings, beautifully printed on fine
super paper, and bound in blue imported muslin. Price, $6.00.



Online LibraryJ. A. (Joel Asaph) AllenBuffalo medical journal → online text (page 6 of 78)