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J. A. (Joel Asaph) Allen.

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tuberculosis, and gives a brief outline of the germ with some of
its characteristics, including its indestructibility. Under the
heading of accessory causes of tuberculosis we find hereditary
predisposition ; close buildings with lack of ventilation ; dark
stables ; insufficient or unwholesome food ; overtaxing ; breeding
too young ; ill-health and the like, all carefully treated.

After a careful description of the symptoms, the use of tuber-
culin as an aid to diagnosis is ably treated. A very strong protest
is entered against the use of meat and milk of tuberculous animals
for food. It is clearly shown that infection is possible from these
sources and that in addition to this, the danger attendant upon
their use is very great owing to the introduction of the specific
poison of bacillus tuberculosis into the system. Under the head-
ing, danger from milk, we find, <<milk is more to be dreaded than
meat, because the udder is often the seat of tuberculosis, and the
milk is usually taken uncooked." A number of cases are cited to
show that the infection of man through milk is possible. In
speaking of poisoning by ptomaines and toxins in meat and milk
of tuberculous animals, the author concludes as follows : ^< The
germ which might have remained comparatively dormant and
harmless in the absence of the poisoned meat and milk is by
these stimulated to a more deadly energy." The remainder
of the paper is devoted to consideration of how to meet the
danger.

Tbe monthly report of the Buffalo Department of Health for March,
1894, contains a record of deaths from enteric or typhoid fever
which is a terrible indictment against the person or persons
responsible for using the water from the Bird island inlet in the
month of February. The record is as follows: enteric fever,
45 ; enteritis, 4 ; entero-colitis, 3 ; gastro-enteritis, 3 ; total, 55.



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TOPICS OP THE MONTH. 625

Deaths are also reported from diarrhea, 5 ; dysentery, 2 ; gas-
tritis, 7 ; intestinal oatarrh, 2 ; peritonitis, 8 ; ulceration of intes-
tines, 1.



The Illinois State Board of Health has amended the schedule of
requirements for admission to medical colleges, by taking out of
the hands of the faculties entrance examinations in the elementary
branches, and requiring a certificate of graduation from a literary
and scientific college or high school, or a second grade teacher^s
certificate. This action looking toward higher requirements for
entrance to medical colleges is to be commended. The number of
recent graduates in medicine who cannot write the English
language properly is amazingly too large.



The fortieth annual report of the Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion for the State of New York, for the school year ending July
25, 1898, is chiefly remarkable in that it opposes the present system
of two educational departments — namely, the University of the
State of New York, governed by Regents, and the Department of
Public Instruction, presided over by the author of this report.
The curious feature, however, is that, when read between the lines^
this profound and erudite superintendent would really prefer to
have the University system and the Board of Regents wiped out
and his own department made supreme. We are of the opinion
that it would be better if a unification of the educational system
were brought about, and everything pertaining to the subject
merged in the University plan and placed under the control of the
Regents. A separate department of public instruction, independ-
ently presided over by a superintendent, is quite superfluous.

In the Literary Digest for April 21, 1894, is an article con-
densed from the London Journal of Education^ entitled. An
English View of the University of the State of New York, that
deserves to be widely read. After commending the system in
liberal terms, it contrasts it with the partisan department of pub-
lic instruction, and says, further, that under a university law of
1892 good service has been done in closing up discreditable and
fraudulent institutions of a quasi-professional type, calculated to
do much harm in legal and medical circles. Also, that << in no
department is the beneficent action of the university more evident
than in the medical,'^ A physician licensed in other states or for-



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624 PEBSONAX. — OBITUARY.

«ign countries mast satisfy the regents of the worth of his creden-
tials before he can practise in the State of New York.

And yet there are '' learned professors '^ who would break down
this splendid system.



periionaf.



Dr. J. B. S. Holmes, of Rome, Ga., has been elected president of
the Tri-State Medical Association, that comprises the states of
Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia. He has also been elected one
of the vice-presidents of the Southern Surgical and Gynecological
Association.



Db. George Frederick Hulbbrt, of St. Louis, has removed his
office and residence to 4270 Delmar avenue, south-east corner of
43d street, St. Louis, Mo. Hours : 10-12 a. m., 5-7 p. m. Tele-
phone, 7202.

®6ituar^.



Dr. John H. Rauch, of Chicago, the distinguished sanitarian
and publicist, was found dead in bed at the residence of his brother,
Cyrus G. Rauch, of Lebanon, Pa., March 25, 1894. Dr. Rauch
had not been in robust health for some time, and, worn and weary
from long continued labor, a few months ago sought rest in his
old home where he was born and reared. He graduated from the
University of Pennsylvania in 1850, and afterward located at Bur-
lington, Iowa. He entered the civil war as brigade surgeon, and
finally became medical director of the Department of the Gulf.
After the war he settled in Chicago, and was elected to the faculty in
Rush Medical College. He became president, and finally secre-
tary, of the Illinois State Board of Health, and rendered active
service in epidemics of yellow fever and cholera. He was a mem-
ber of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, chairman of the
section of state medicine in the American Medical Association,
and one of the trustees of the Association Journal.



Professor Charles Edouard Brown-SIiquard, M. D., the emi-
nent physician, physiologist and scientist, died in Paris, April 2,
1894. He was bom in the island of Mauritius in 1818. He



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SOCIETY HEBTINGS. 626

took the degree of M. D. in the Paris School of Medicine in
1846, and he delivered a series of lectures before the Royal Col-
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, in London, in 1858. He took np
his residence in the United States in 1864, and was appointed
professor of physiology and pathology of the nervous system at
Harvard. He returned to France in 1869, when he was appointed
professor of experimental physiology in the School of Medicine in
Paris, and, in 1878, he succeeded Claude Bernard in the chair of
experimental medicine in the College of France. He has been a
frequent contributor to the literature of medicine, and his services
often have been in demand as a consultant in diseases of the
nervous system.



Db. Cobtdon L. Fobd, for forty years Professor of Anatomy in
the University of Michigan, died at Ann Arbor, April 14, 1894,
in the eighty-second year of his age. Dr. Ford was the first
demonstrator of anatomy in the medical department of the Uni-
versity of Buffalo, and, as such, will be well remembered by the
students of that period. Later he became one of the most eminent
and successful teachers of anatomy in the United States, and pur-
sued his labors with activity until within a few days of his death.



Mbs. Rbbbcca Loop, wife of Dr. D. D. Loop, died at her home in
North East, Pa., March 14, 1894, aged sixty-six years. Mrs. Loop
was a woman of great usefulness in the community in which she
livedy bearing her full share of all the demands of hospitality,
oharity, church work, and taking great interest in the prosperity
of the people among whom she was a beloved and devoted charac-
ter. Dr. Loop is entitled to, and will receive the sympathy of, a
large circle of professional friends throughout the country.



^ociei^ Meefingii.



Thb American Medical Publishers' Association will hold its annual
meeting at White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, Friday and
Saturday, August 3 and 4, 1894. The annual dinner will be given
in the evening of the first day. A number of practical papers
are preparing, bearing upon subjects of interest to every one
engaged in medical publishing. The above dates have been selected
as a time when most business men can best spare a few days for a



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626 SOCIETY MEBTINQS.

pleasure trip, and reduced rates having been secared at the hotela
for members and their families, it is hoped that this meeting will
be one of congeniality as well as of business interest. A special
meeting has been called for June 4th« at San Francisco, in the
Palace Hotel, at 1 f. m. sharp, for the transaction of special busi-
ness. It is hoped that all publishers attending the A. M. A. will
make it a point to be present at this meeting. Western and
Southern members should write to E. B. Pope, C. & O. R'y, St.
Louis, and arrange to advertise for transportation to White Sul-
phur Springs.



The Roswell Park Medical Club gave its second annual dinner at
the Tifft House, Buffalo, Thursday evening, April 12, 1894, at 9
o'clock. There were present Dr. J. H. Etheridge, of the Rush
Medical College, Chicago ; Drs. M. D. Mann, C. 6. Stockton, Phelps,.
J. H. Potter, C. C. Fredericks, T. Bagley, Van Peyma, A. E. Col-
lins, G. F. Cott, S. T. Howell, M. A. Crockett, J. W. Putnam, F. S.
Crego, J. A. Gibson, A. Lytel, DeLancey Rochester, Ross, Rev>
H. A. Reed and Mr. A. L. Harrison.

Dr. J. C. Thompson acted as toastmaster, and short speeches
were made by Drs. Roswell Park, J. H. Potter, J. H. Etheridge^
G. F. Cott, C. G. Stockton and Rev. H. A. Reed. Dr. M. D. Mann
read a paper on Ureteritis, which was discussed by Drs. Freder-
icks, Howell, Etheridge, Stockton, Crockett and others.



The surgeons of the Western New York & Pennsylvania Railway
Company met at Buffalo, April 5, 1894, and organized the Associa-
tion of Western New York & Pennsylvania Railway Surgeons,
electing the following officers : President, C. M. Daniels, M. D.,
Buffalo, N. Y.; vice-president, J. A. Ritchey, M. D., Oil City, Pa.;
secretary and treasurer, E. M. Dooley, M. D., Buffalo, N. Y. The
surgeons who were present expressed themselves unanimously in
favor of the movement, and numerous letters were received from
those who were unable to attend, giving every assurance that the
association will be a success, while the management of the railroad
most heartilv indorsed the movement.



The American Surgical Association will hold its annual meeting
iu the lecture room of the medical department of Columbia Col-
lege, 1326 H. street, N. W., Washington, D. C, May 29, 30, 31
and June 1, 1894. Special subjects announced for discussion are:



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COLLB6B NOTES. 627

I. The Surgical Treatment of Empyema, by John Asbar8t,Jr.»
M. D.

II. Methods of Teachiog Surgery, by J. S. Billings, M. D.

III. The Surgery of the Kidney, by L. M. Tiffany, M. D.

lY. Methods of Controlling Hemorrhage in Amputation at
the Shoulder, as Illustrated by Amputation at the Shoulder-joint
and of the Entire Upper Extremity, by W. W. Keen, M. D.

Papers are also announced by Hunter McGuire, M. D., and
Joseph Ransohoff, M. D.



Ths Association of Military Surgeons of the United States will
hold its annual meeting at Washington, May 1, 2 and 3, 1894. Dr.
A. H. Briggs, of Buffalo, chairman of the committee on transpor-
tation, has obtained concessions in fares for persons attending this
meeting from all the railways east of the Rocky mountains. A
large attendance is expected.



At the second quarterly meeting of the Cleveland Medical Soci-
ety, to be held Friday evening, June 22, 1894, Dr.' William Pep-
per, late provost of the University of Pennsylvania, will deliver an
address. Dr. Pepper will also hold a clinic the following morning
at one of the hospitals, which the profession generally will be
invited to attend.



The National Association of Railway Surgeons will hold its
seventh annual meeting in Harmony Hall, Galveston, Texas, May
8, 9, 10 and 11, 1894, under the presidency of Surgeon W. J. Gil-
braith, of Omaha, Neb. An elaborate preliminary program has
been issued, and a large attendance is anticipated.



The American Dermatological Association will hold its eighteenth
annual meeting at the Arlington Hotel, Washington, May 29, 30,
81 and June 1, 1894, under the presidency of Dr. R. B. Morrison,
of Baltimore.

(Soffege noCei*.

The forty-ninth annual commencement of the Medical Department
of the University of Buffalo will be held on Tuesday, May 1, 1894.
The Alumni Association will hold its business session in Alumni
Hall at 10.30 a.m. The afternoon session will be devoted to the
reading of scientific papers, as follows : The Treatment of Several



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628 REVIEWS.

Common Ailments and Particalarly the Relationship Between
Croapoas Pneumonia as an Infectious Process and its Therapeu-
tics, by H. A. Hare, M. D., professor of therapeutics in the Jefferson
Medical College ; The Medical Examination of the Living Human
Body when Required by Courts, by Tracy C. Becker, Esq., president
New York State Bar Association and legal editor of a Treatise
on Medical Jurisprudence, Forensic Medicine and Toxicology ;
The Etiology, Pathology and Treatment of Certain Phases of
Gonorrhea, by Dr. George Emerson Brewer, assistant demon-
strator of anatomy, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New
York ; and also a paper by Dr. Charles G. Stockton, subject not
announced.

At 7.30 p. M. the commencement exercises will be held at Music
Hall, after which the annual banquet will be held. Members and
friends of the University and alumni association are requested
to be present and participate in the various exercises.



Dr. William Pepper, for many years provost of the University
of Pennsylvania, resigned that office April 23, 1894. He felt that
the great growth of the university during his administration
demanded the undivided efforts of the provost. He, however, will
continue to hold the professorship of medicine. Dr. Pepper sig-
nalized his retirement from office by a contribution of $50,000, that
will be applied to the extension of the university hospital buildings.



The commencement exercises of the Medical Department of
Niagara University will be held at the Buffalo Academy of Music
on Wednesday evening, May 9, 1894, at 8 o'clock, to which the
general public is invited.



S^oolC f^e>9iecoA.



Treatment of the Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines. By
A. Mathibu, Physician to the Paris Hospitals. Medical Practi-
tioners' Library. Octtfvo, 286 pa^es. Parchment muslin, price,
$2.50 ; flexible leather, gilt top, price. $3.25. New York : William
Wood & Company. 1894.

With the methods and habits of life incident to the present
civilization, there has been an enormous increase in diseases of the
digestive tract. Keeping pace with the progress of events, a num-



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MATHIBU : DISEASES OF THE STOMACB AND INTESTINES. 629

ber of physicians have paid special attention to the studies of
these diseases and hare distinguished themselves in their success-
ful management. The author of this treatise has had exceptional
experience in this branch of medicine, and his work has been well
received on the other side of the Atlantic. In this country there
is a wide field for the dissemination of such literature, and we
hope that this excellent treatise will be carefully studied by teach-
ers and practitioners of medicine.

The author commences with diagnostic technique, to the con-
sideration of which Part I., consisting of thirty-seven pages, is
entirely devoted. It is a concise and intelligent exposition of this
branch of the subject. General considerations on diet, comprising
Part II., present much material for the careful consideration of
every family doctor. In Part III. the author takes up the principal
clinical forms of dyspepsia, and in nine chapters gives a patient
elucidation of the symptoms and treatment of the common forms
of gastro-intestinal diseases. Not the least interesting portion of
this branch of the subject is the chapter on gastro-intestinal anti-
sepsis. The fermentation of food after ingestion is so common,
and decomposing food is so liable to give rise to poisoning or to
infection, that we hail with special pleasure any promise of pre-
vention or relief that may be offered. This author affirms that
intestinal antisepsis, though doubted by many, is a palpable fact
capable of actual demonstration.

The final section of the book is devoted to the consideration of
the diseases of the stomach and intestine, to which Part IV., con-
sisting of nine chapters, is given up. In Chapter YL, typhlitis,
perityphlitis or appendicitis is considered in a very brief and, to
our mind, unsatisfactory manner. While this disease has, of late^
fallen under the domain of surgery so far as treatment is con-
cerned, yet the general practitioner of medicine is usually first
called in to these cases, hence should be armed with quite as much
knowledge pertaining to their diagnosis, pathology and treatment
as the surgeon is supposed to possess. The surgical technique of
these cases is usually very simple, whereas the judgment that
decides in a particular case just when to operate needs to be of the
most trained and acute order, and this must ever be the province
of the family doctor.

We commend this treatise to the careful study of every physi-
cian who deserves the name.



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680 REVIEWS.

Text-Book of Normal Histology: Including an account of the
Development of the Tissues and of the Organs. By George A.
PiBRSOL. M. D., Professor of Anatomy in the University of Penn-
sylvania. With 409 illustrations, of which 358 are from original
drawings by the author. Philadelphia : J. B. Lippincott Company.
1893.

Among the many excellent text-books on general histology this
effort of Professor Piersol's must be considered the best. It is a
pleasure to peruse a book bristling with original observations and
descriptions and, above all, original drawings. It seems to assnre
one that, although the classical illustrations are still classical, other
observers have seen the same conditions and verified them.

Professor Piersol has been very methodical hi the arrangement
of his chapters, beginning with the cell, describing its structure,
growth and peculiarities. The tissues, epithelial, connective,
muscular and nervous, are described in the following chapters. The
epithelial tissues are very properly classified as : (1) squamous ;
{2) columnar ; (3) modified, as (a) ciliated ; (b) goblet ; (c) pig-
mented; and (4) specialized (a) glandular epithelium; (b) neuro-
epithelium. This classification of the epithelia is free from ambi-
guity and cannot fail to clear up in the minds of students much
of the darkness surrounding this subject. The chapters on the
nervous elements are thorough, and full credit is given to Ameri-
can investigators, especially Schmidt, whose discovery of the seg-
ments of the medulla in nerve fibers was followed by Lantermann's
independent discovery of the same phenomena, but who receives
little or no credit by the continental writers. Many of the illus-
trations on the histology of the brain are made from sections
stained with the Golgi method, and show the beautiful results
obtained by this method in staining the ganglion cells and neurog-
lia cells. The pineal gland is regarded as a rudimentary sense
organ. Whether this opinion will hold true is questionable, and,
perhaps, the best way of dealing with this organ, for the present
at least, would be to say, " function unknown." The histology of
the eye is admirably given, as are also the descriptions of the other
organs of sense.

An appendix follows, giving the most useful histological
methods for hardening, imbedding, staining and finishing, includ-
ing the best of the newer methods. We fail, however, to find the
Pal method mentioned among these.

Taken as a whole, no histology as yet published contains so
much useful information so skilfully treated and arranged as does



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THB INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL ANNUAL. 631

this AmerioaD work. Both author and publishers are to be con-
gratulated. W. C. K.



The International Medical Annual and Practitioner's Index.
A Work of Reference for Medical Practitioners. Twelfth year.
Pp. 704. Price. $2.76. New York : E. B. Treat. 6 Cooper Union ;
Chicago : 199 Clark street 1894.

The Annual has become of such universal use, that the readers
of the Journal need no introduction to its pages, no words of
praise for its excellence and its breadth of knowledge on medical
topics. With each succeeding year the reviewer notices an increase
in the number of editors and contributors, in photographic plates,
wood cuts, and in the number of pages, and yet we notice the
familiar $2.75 remaining the same. If the price of the annual had
kept pace with its advances in quality and quantity, the Annual of
1894 would be a more expensive work.

Synopsis of contents and special contributors for 1894 are as
follows : Part 1. The Dictionary of New Remedies, containing
a complete report of all new therapeutic agents introduced during
the year, with clinical indications for their use, and a general
review of therapeutics, by H. A. Hare, M. D., Philadelphia, pro-
fessor of therapeutics in the -Jefferson Medical College.

Part 2. Thb Dictionary of New Treatment. A complete index
of diseases, showing the latest therapeutic recommendations
(medical and surgical), enriched with numerous illustrations and
colored plates wherever useful for the elucidation of the text.

Part 8. Sanitation. A record of the year's work in sanitary
science, with particulars of recent improvements in sanitary appli-
ances, by Joseph Priestley, B. A., M. D., D. P. H., medical officer
of health and public analyst for Leicester, England. — Progress
of Pharmacy, by F. F. W. Koch, New York, Editor of Notes
on New Remedies, — New Inventions and Appliances, by Irving
S. Haynes, M. D., demonstrator of anatomy. Medical Department
University of the City of New York. — Books of the Year. A list
of the chief medical works published during the year, with par-
ticulars and prices.

Especially to be commended are the plates accompanying Dr.
Shaw's article on insanity. Of late years there has grown a ten-
dency to diagnosticate the different forms of insanity by the facial
expression. Those who are in a position to know realize with
what difficulty it is to procure photographs of the excited states^



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633 BSYIEWS.

and in stadying the plates in Dr. Shaw's article one is well repaid
for the cost of the work. The article on diseases of the ear ia
well written and handsomely illustrated.

To those who are acquainted with the former editions this one
will be heartily welcomed, and to those unacquainted with the
work the reviewer recommends it as one of the best and cheapest
of medical publications. W. C. K.



A Primer of Pstchologt and Mental Disease. By C. B. Burr,
M. D., Medical Superintendent Eastern Michigan Asylum ; member
of the American Medico-Psychological Association, the State Medi-
cal Society, the Pontiac Medical Society ; corresponding member of
the Detroit Medical and Library Association. Detroit : Greorge S.
Davis, Publisher.

In this little book of about one hundred pages Dr. Burr has
sought to simplify, for attendants and nurses upon the insane, the
abstruse subjects of psychology and mental disease.

The book is divided into three parts — namely, psychology,,
insanity, and management of cases of insanity. Part I., deal-
ing with the faculties of the mind and with the divisions of the
intellect — namely, sensation, perception, memory, ideation, reason,,
is, from the nature of the subject, the most difficult to treat
clearly, and to say that a measure of success has been attained is
commendation. The description of the divisions *of the intellect
is assisted by illustrations which are of considerable advantage,,
but we think some of the examples, notably those under the head
of reasoning, might have been made more simple.

In Part II. the forms of insanity, and the characteristica
of each, are clearly and admirably treated, and in a way which
makes the book well adapted to class-room instruction. Attention



Online LibraryJ. A. (Joel Asaph) AllenBuffalo medical journal → online text (page 63 of 78)