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J. A. (Joel Asaph) Allen.

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city Saturday, April 28, 1894, from an overdose of chloral, at the
age of forty-six years. He had been giving much time of late to
microscopic investigations, and it is believed that overwork
brought on insomnia. Dr. Mallory had devoted himself especially
to bacteriology and microscopic work of various kinds. He was
a member of the British Royal Microscopic Society, of the Ameri-
can Microscopical Society and of several smaller scientific bodies.
He had served for t\i^o years as a member of the Rochester Board
of Health, and had particularly interested himself in the recent
efforts to eradicate tuberculosis.



Dr. George W. Nesbitt, of Sycamore, 111., died at his home April
27, 1894. Dr. Nesbitt was an alumnus of Buffalo University
Medical College, class of '66. He became a leading physician in
Illinois, and was prominent in the counsels of the State Medical
Society, having at one time been elected its vice-president.



^ocietjy Meefing/*.



The Association of Erie Railway Surgeons will hold its next meet-
ing at the International hotel, Niagara Falls, July 18, 1894, under
the presidency of Dr. C. B. Kibler, of Corry, Pa. Drs. Outten, of
St. Louis, Murdoch, of Pittsburg and J. B. Murphy, of Chicago,
are expected to attend the meeting. Special rates will be extended
to surgeons and ladies for both hotel and carriages. In order that
all members may attend, it is important that they ask their divi-
sion superintendent for transportation at least thirty days before
the meeting.



The Michigan State Medical Society, at its recent annual meeting,
elected the following named officers to serve for the ensuing year :
President, H. O. Walker, Detroit ; first vice-president, Victor C.



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694 HOSPITAL NOTES.

Vaughan, Ann Arbor ; second vice-president, C. H. White, Reed
City ; third vice-president, Nina Logne, Adrian ; fourth vice-presi-
dent, C. H. McKain, Vicksburg; secretary, C. W. Hitchcock,
Detroit; treasurer, William G. Henry, Detroit ; judicial council,
Fleming Carrow, Ann Arbor ; Frank Garber, Muskegon ; E. L.
Shurly, Detroit.



The American Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists will
hold its seventh annual meeting at Toronto, Ont., Wednesday,
Thursday and Friday, September 19, 20, 21, 1894. All physicians
interested in the association, or the nature of its work, are cordi-
ally invited to attend the meeting. By order of the executive
council.



The Medical Society of the County of Erie will hold its regular
semi-annual meeting in the Academy of Medicine rooms, Market
Arcade, Main street, Buffalo, Tuesday, June 12, 1894, under the
presidency of Dr. William H. Gail, of East Aurora. The program
will be issued soon.



At the Fitch Hospital, Edward R. Haydenbrook, M. D., has been
appointed senior house surgeon, and John Chalmers, M. D., has
been appointed junior house surgeon ; J. A. Jackson and George
J. Hallen have been appointed ambulance surgeons to November 1,
1894, and R. Y. Crittenden has been appointed substitute ; W. G.
Russell and U. B. Stein have been appointed ambulance surgeons,
November 1, 1894, to May 1, 1896, with W. C. Keys as substitute.



At the Sisters of Charity Hospital, Drs. Max Keiser and Jacob R.
Baxter passed highest in the competitive examination for house
physicians, and have been appointed as such. These two men are
graduates of Niagara Medical College. Dr. Baxter is the only son
of Dr. Jacob Baxter, speaker of the Ontario House of Commons.



At the Buffalo General Hospital the following appointments have
been made : John Riordan, M. D., house surgeon, promoted from
junior assistant ; Ernest L. Ruffner, M. D., junior house surgeon ;
Chauncy Lamb, M. D., house physician, promoted from junior
assistant.



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ACADBHT OF MEDICINE NOTES BBYIEWS. 695

•Kcailem^ of Meiliciiia flofetb.



The election of oflScers occurs Tuesday, June 26th, 4 p. m. to 6 p. m.,
in the Academy rooms. The only tic^cet put in nomination is the
following: For president, P. W. Van Peyma, M. D.; for secre-
tary, A. L. Benedict, M. D.; for treasurer, E. A. Smith, M. D.; for
trustee, H. R. Hopkins, M. D.



The annual meeting of the Academy will be held Tuesday, June
56,1894. Mr. George W. Rafter, of Rochester, the distinguished
sanitarian, will deliver an address on Intermittent Filtration in its
Application to Domestic Filters.



The meetings, sections and general, for June are : Surgery, June
^th; medicine, June 12th; stated meeting of the Academy, June
19th ; annual meeting of the Academy, June 26th.



The next stated meeting of the Academy occurs Tuesday, June
56th, under the auspices of the section on anatomy, physiology and
pathology.

The section on general medicine elected C. C. Wyckoff, M. D.,
president, and D.H. Sherman, M. D., secretary, at its last meeting.



S^oolC S^e^ieooA.



A Practical Treatise on Medical Diagnosis* for Students and Physi-
cians. By John H. Musser, M. D., Assistant Professor of Clinical
Medicine in the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia ; President
of the Pathological Society of Philadelphia. Octavo, 873 pages. 162
engravings and two colored plates. Cloth, $5.00 ; leather, $6 00.
Philadelphia : Lea Brothers & Co. 1894.

The importance of a thorough training in medical diagnosis is
everywhere recognized as a necessary foundation to the intelligent
application of the principles and details of treatment. Diagnosis
is a neglected part of medical science — neglected by teachers, neg-
lected by students. For a long time Da Costa's classic work held
«way in this field, and was almost the only text-book on medical
diagnosis referred to in college announcements. Of late years.



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696 REVIEWS.

however, several treatises on the subject have appeared, and we
feel sure that Masser^s work will take rank with the best of these.

The author divides his subject into two parts, namely — general
diagnosis and special diagnosis. General diagnosis is treated of
in Part I., comprising the first six chapters of the book. Special
diagnosis forms the subject matter of Part II., comprising eleven
chapters. Under general diagnosis are considered general obser-
vations, the data obtained by inquiry, the data obtained by obser-
vation, bacteriological diagnosis, the examination of exudations^
transudations and cystic fluids and the morbid processes and their
symptomatology. A new impetus has been given to medical
diagnosis by modern instruments and bacteriological research,,
hence the chapter on bacteriological diagnosis will challenge the
attention of all who place reliance on that important collateral
science as a factor in placing the determination of disease on a
basis of scientific certainty. The photograph, too, is made to play an
important part in the diagnosis of certain diseases, especially those
of a neurotic origin and in deformities due to structural change.

In the second part of the book the various regions of the body
are considered and made to tell their several tales with reference
to morbid processes that may have seized upon them. Finally^
constitutional diseases, the infectious diseases and diseases of the
nervous system are considered in the order of sequence named.
An excellent index is added to facilitate reference. This author's
experience as a teacher is such as to attract attention to his work
at once, and a careful examination of his book will convince any-
one familiar with the subject that its excellent qualities are many,
that its defects are few and that it must take rank as one of the
best American treatises on the subject, and that, besides, it has no
superior in any tongue or country.



Lectures on Auto-Intoxication in Disease, or Self-Poisoning of
THE Individual. By Ch. Bouchard, Professor of Pathology and
Therapeutics, Member of thd Academy of Medicine, and Physician
to the Hospitals, Paris. Translated, with a preface, by Thomas
Oliver. M. A., M. D., F. R. C. P., Professor of Physiology. Univer-
sity of Durham ; Physician to the Royal Infirmary, Newcastle-upon
Tyne ; and Examiner in Physiology, Conjoint Board of England.
In one octavo volume ; 302 pages. Extra cloth. $1.76 net. Phila-
delphia : The F. A. Davis Co., Publishers, 1914 and 1916 Cherry
street. 1894.

The author of this work begins with an assertion that has a
volume of common sense in it. He says that medicine, after hav-



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BOUCHABD : AUTO-INTOXICATION. IN DISEASE. 697

ing devoted herself for many years to the verification of symptoms^
to the research of anatomical lesions, and to the study of patho-
logical physiology, comes finally to the study of the origin of
disease. It is only lately that physicians have begun to recognize
that putrefactive processes in the intestinal canal, and the develop-
ment of physiological and pathological alkaloids, play an import-
ant part in causing many diseases, the origin of which has been
hitherto little understood or greatly misunderstood. How often
it happens that comparatively sudden death occurs in individuals
in apparent good health, where carefully conducted autopsies fail
to reveal lesions that account for the fatality. In many such
cases, no doubt, tozines enter the blood, and pervert or destroy it&
nutritive qualities.

Bouchard has covered a great field in these lectures, and they
should be carefully studied by every physician. Here he will find
explained the causes of the toxicity of urine, and the part toxic
principles play in producing uremia. So, too, are discussed the
toxicity of the feces, and an entire lecture is devoted to intestinal
antisepsis. One of the most interesting parts of the work is that
where the author discusses the relation of auto-intoxication to
typhoid fever. The pathogenic therapeusis of typhoid fever, the
antisepsis of the intestinal canal, the treatment of high tempera-
ture, modes of bathing in fevers and the dieting of fever patients^
receive most elaborate and careful handling. If physicians would
study this kind of literature more, they would better fit themselves
to cope with typhoid disease than when cursorily examining a book
of formulae for ready-made prescriptions.

The pathogenesis of jaundice receives detailed and finished
attention, and the method of auto-intoxication by bile is explained.
Cholera forms the subject of three lectures, which is taken as a
type of those diseases caused by poisoning, though Bouchard
looks upon it as an infectious disease, but doubts whether Koch's
pathogenic agent is the true one. He believes that the cholera
poison is eliminated by the urine, but has not been able to make
cultures of the urine of cholera patients.

Not the least interesting portion of this book is the preface
by the translator, and it also possesses a carefully prepared index.
This is one of the modern classics of medical literature and
will easily find its way into the hands of every studious physi-
cian.



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698 REVIEWS.

A Manual of Nursikg in Pelvic Surgbrt. By Lewis S. McMurtrt,
A. M., M. D., Professor of Gynecology in the Hospital College of
Medicine, Louisville ; Surgeon-in-Charge of the Jennie Cassady
Infirmary for Women ; Gynecologist to Sts. Mary and Elizabeth
Hospital, etc. Duodecimo, pp. 92. Morton^s Pocket Series, No. 3.
Louisville : John P. Morton & Company. 1894.

Though a number of books have been published giving instrac-
tions to nurses on general as well as special departments of their
profession, this is the first that has been issued with the special
object of giving instructions on the duty of nurses with reference
to surgical operations exclusively in the pejvic cavity.

The distinguished author of this little treatise was one of the
first surgeons in America to differentiate pelvic from abdominal
surgery, and to classify operative gynecology under the latter
head. This treatise has this differentiation as an underlying prin-
ciple running all through it, which makes it distinctive, original
and unique. As might be expected, it betrays the master's hand in
every page and paragraph, and is one of the most concise, instruc-
tive and useful manuals that has been issued, and, so far as we
know, is the only one especially adapted to nursing in pelvic
surgery.

It should be found in every nurse's hands who essays to do
such work, and, if followed, will constitute a safe guide in
every detail. One aphorism the author quotes from Dr. Weir
Mitchell, deserves to be written as a motto over every book on
nursing, and we cannot resist the temptation to reproduce it here.
Mitchell gives as prime qualifications, <'good breeding and
loveliness of manners ; " and another from Mr. Oreig Smith, also
quoted by McMurtry, deserves to be placed alongside of it. Smith
in his classic treatise on abdominal surgery says : <' A perfect
nurse is a perfect woman," and he mentions among her most essen-
tial characteristics, ^<good temper, gentleness and cleanliness."
To these qualities McMurtry would add, '<akeen sense of personal
responsibility and conscientious appreciation of duty," to all of
which we further add our most hearty approbation.



The Johns Hopkins Hospital Reports. Report in Gynecology, II.
Volume III.; Nos. 7, 8, 9. Imperial octavo, pp. 461. Illustrated.
Baltimore : The Johns Hopkins Press. 1894.

This book is mainly the record of the work of Dr. H. A.
Kelly, professor of gynecology in Johns Hopkins University.
Some of the articles are especially interesting, by reason of the



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FIBEBAUGH I THB PHTSICIAN's WIFB. 699

rare conditions that they record. As such we may mention one
on prolapsus uteri, without vesical diverticulum and without
anterior enterocele ; and another on lipoma of the labium majus.
Dr. Kelly has grouped twenty such cases that he has found in
medical literature, one of which was his own. This occurred in a
negress, aged twenty-seven years, occupied the right labium majus,
in size 2 x l^x 1 cm., and was cured by extirpation.

Dr. Kelly is a believer in operations for the suspension of the
retroflexed uterus, and abandons the name hysterorrhaphy that he
first gave to this operation, objects to the terms ventrofixation and
hysteropexy and adopts the term suspensio uteri as being more
descriptive. He gives a table of forty-five cases, which all recov-
ered from the primary operation, and describes in detail their
subsequent condition. One of the most interesting chapters in the
book treats upon some sources of hemorrhage in abdominal pelvic
operations, but this might be considerably enlarged with benefit.

Photography applied to surgery is an interesting subject dis-
•coursed upon by A. S. Murray. Resuscitation in chloroform
asphyxia is an absorbing subject, but is also too briefly handled
by Dr. Kelly. A very important part of this report is a record of
deaths without operation, in which detailed autopsies are given,
showing pathological findings and demonstrating, in many
instances, the propriety of early operation as a life-saving means.

The work is copiously illustrated and contains many elaborate
tables of a statistical character. The price is $3.00, and can be
obtained from the Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore.



Thb Physician's Wife, and the Things that Pebtain to Heb
Life. By Ellen M. Fibebauoh. With portrait of author and
forty-four photo-engravings of original sketches. In one crown
octavo volume of 200 pages. Extra cloth, $1.25 net. Special
limited edition, first 500 copies numbered, and printed in photo-
gravure ink, on extra fine enameled paper ; bound in half-leather
and vellum cloth, $8.00 net. Philadelphia : The F. A. Davis Co.,
Publishers, 1914 and 1916 Cherry street. 1894.

While this book can hardly be said to be a contribution to medi-
•cal literature, it may serve as a light diversion to the practitioner
from his more serious and too often wearying anxieties and studies.
It is true, the work cannot be classed among the models of literary
skill or artistic finish, but there is a breezy earnestness about it
that makes it far from commonplace, and we may be sure that it
<^omes from a head and a heart that are both where they ought to



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700 BBVIEWS.

be. It is carious to note the different view of life taken by the
snooessful doctor's wife, whose experience is limited to a more or
less bucolic environment from that of the city physician's help-
mate. The amusing anecdotes and clever illustrations, with which
the book abounds, all trend in one direction — namely, to show that
a doctor's life is a hard one, and that his wife's is harder still.
We cannot but be amused at the reasons given for the necessity of
not calling another physician in case of her own illness, though
she may very much desire to have one — namely, that it would
injure her husband's practice !

Taken all in all, we can heartily recommend Mrs. Firebaugh's
book as a pleasant, spicy and amusing production, likely to be
highly enjoyed by her for whom it seems to be especially written
— the country physician's wife.



Stllabds of Lectures on the Practtice op Surgery, arranged in
conformity with the American Text-book of Surgery. By N. Senn,
M. D., Ph. D., LL. D.. Chicago, Professor of the Practice of Sur-
gery and Clinical Surgery in Rush Medical College ; Professor of
Surgery in the Chicago Polyclinic ; Attending Surgeon to Presby-
terian Hospital ; Surgeon-in-Chief St. Joseph^ s Hospital, etc., etc.
Philadelphia : W. B. Saunders. 295 Walnut street. 1894.

A two-fold aim actuated the author in preparing his syllabus
of surgery. In the first place, the work was designed to assist
teachers of surgery, by placing at their command a systematic and
condensed presentation of the various subjects included in a surgi-
cal course. In the second place, the work was to aid the student
in his note-taking and memorizing of facts, and the author has
endeavored to assist him in this by giving subjects their relative
place in the scale of importance and worth. In the main the aim
of the book has been accomplished, and it can be thoroughly
recommended to teachers and students, who will find it most use-
ful to them. J. P.



Operative Surgery. By Th. Kocher, M. D., Professor at the Uni-
versity and Director of the Surgical Clinic at the Berne University.
Octavo, 288 pages, 163 illustrations. Extra muslin, price, $3.00.
New York : William Wood & Company. 1894.

The object of this work is to assist surgeons in acquiring a
mastery of operative technique. The modem antiseptic treatment
of wounds has so materially modified operative technique that it



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morrow: vbnerbal memoranda. 701

has been necessary to rewrite much of the surgery that stood in the
pre-Listerean period ; either this or to supplement standard works
by a working manual devoted specially to technique, like the book
under consideration.

The personal equation enters largely into this treatise, since
Kocher describes and advises only those methods that he has
thoroughly and practically tested. It, therefore, becomes a very
readable book even if, in some instances, his opinions are not
accepted. One of its chief advantages is, that the surgeon may
quickly inform himself on a particular point without reading
through a mass of literature that would consume much time. The
illustrations are well drawn in many instances, but there is here
yet room for improvement. This is especially the case with refer-
ence to illustrations bearing on regional surgery. It goes without
saying that every surgeon will make haste to possess this work.



Venereal Memoranda. A Manual for the Student and Practitioner.
By P. A. Morrow, A. M., M. D., Clinical Professor of Venereal
Diseases in the University of the City of New York ; Surgeon to
Charity Hospital ; Attending Surgeon to the Bellevue Hospital Out-
Door Relief, Department of Skin Diseases ; Member of the Ameri-
can Dermatological Association ; Member of the New York Derma-
tological Society, etc., etc. Double duodecimo, pp. iv. — 382.
Second edition. New York : William Wood & Co. 1894.

The object of this work is to present to the profession a con-
oise exposition of the nature and treatment of venereal diseases.
The first edition, issued in 1886, was exhausted some time ago,
and this second edition has been delayed to enable the author to
make such changes as would bring the book fully up to date. It
is a convenient reminder of methods of treatment to be employed
in venereal diseases, but is not intended to supplant more elaborate
treatises.



Proceedings of the Philadelphia County Medical Society. Vol-
ume XIV. Session of 1893. Lewis H. Adler, Jr., M. D., Editor.
Octavo, pp. xxviii.— 484. Philadelphia : William J. Dornan. 1893.

The annual volume issued by this society is always full of
excellent literature. In fact, the Philadelphia County Medical
Society is one of the most active and best disciplined county soci-
eties in the country. Many of the papers contained in this book
have been published in the medical journals, but it is always well
to have society proceedings bound in annual volumes for refer-



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702 BOOKS RBOEIVBD.

ence. Once let a society fail to do this and its literature is scat-
tered to the four winds, its usefulness is detracted from and its
oohesiveness impaired. Such volumes as this should be found in
every medical library.



A Manual of Minor Surgery and Bandaging, for the Use of House-
Surgeons, Dressers and Junior Practitioners. By Christopher
Heath, F. R. C. S., Surgeon to University College Hospital and
Holme Professor of Clinical Surgery in University College. London ;
Member of the Council of the Royal College of Surgeons of England.
Tenth edition. Illustrated, 16mo, pp. xvl.— 389. Price, $2.00.
Philadelphia: P. Blakiston, Son & Co., 1012 Walnut street. 1894.

This little work is an old friend and needs very little further
notice at this time beyond the mere announcement that the tenth
edition is now ready on the shelves of the book stores for pur-
chasers. In this edition the distinguished author has embodied
the latest teachings regarding antiseptics, and in various other
ways has modernized it to keep pace with the progress that the
newer surgery is making. It is intended as a manual for the
guidance of those who are constantly employed as assistants, and
it would also be a useful book for nurses.



BOOKS RECEIVED.

Essentials of Anatomy, Including the Anatomy of the Viscera.
Arranged in the form of Questions and Answers ; prepared especially
for Students of Medicine. By Charles B. Nanorede, M. D. , Professor
of Surgery and of Clinical Surgery in the University of Michigan, Ann
Arbor ; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of Medicine,
Rome, Italy, etc., etc. Saunders^ Question Compends, No. 3. Fifth
edition, with an appendix and 180 illustrations. Duodecimo, pp. x. —
388. Price, $1.00. Philadelphia : W. B. Saunders, 925 Walnut street.
1894.

Essentials of Nervous Diseases and Insanity. Their Symptoms and
Treatment. By John C. Shaw, M. D., Clinical Professor of Diseases of
the Mind and Nervous System, Long Island College Hospital Medical
School ; Consulting Neurologist to St. Catharine^s Hospital and Long
Island College Hospital. Saunders^ Question Compends. No. 21.
Second edition. Crown 8vo, 186 pages. Forty-eight original illustra-
tions, mostly selected from the author^s private practice. Price, cloth,
$1.00; interleaved for notes, $1.25. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders,
926 Walnut street. 1894.

International Clinics. A Quarterly of Clinical Lectures on Medi-
cine, Neurology, Pediatrics, Surgery, Genito-Urinary Surgery, Gyne-
cology, Ophthalmology, Laryngology, Otology and Dermatology. By
professors and lecturers in the leading medical colleges of the United
States, Great Britain and Canada. Edited by Judson Daland, M. D.,



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LITBBARY NOTES. 703

Philadelphia, Instructor in Clinical Medicine and Lecturer on Physical
Diagnosis in the University of Pennsylvania ; Assistant Physician to
the University Hospital ; Physician to the Philadelphia Hospital and to
the Rush Hospital for Consumption. J. Mitchell Bruce, M. D., F. R.
C. P., London, England; Physician and Lecturer on Therapeutics at the
Charing Cross Hospital. David W. Finlay, M. D., F. R. C. P., Aber-
deen, Scotland, Professor of Practice of Medicine in the University of
Aberdeen ; Physician to, and Lecturer on, Clinical Medicine in the
Aberdeen Royal Infirmary ; Consulting Physician to the Royal Hospital
for Diseases of the Chest, London. Volume I. Fourth series. 1894.



Online LibraryJ. A. (Joel Asaph) AllenBuffalo medical journal → online text (page 70 of 78)