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Just and unjust as terms of relation,

157.

Kaaba, 106.
Kepler, 165.
Kingdom of God, 145.
Knowledge, doctrine of, 63.

and feeling, 143.

adequate, excludes evil, 159-60.

Law, 37 n.
Lear, King, 184-6.
Lockyer, Sir Norman, 246.
Love, 98, 110, 113.

selfish, 113.

sensual, 158.

to God (intellectual), 187, 206 et

seq., 221,223,224.

of God to man, 212, 213.

Loyalty, social, 154.
Lucretius, 106.
Lust, 124.
Luxuriousness, 124.

Man, a finite Mode, etc., 52.

chief end of, 172.

dependent on man, 148.

proper place of, 88, 96.

not outside Nature, 84, 163, 173.

not separate from God, 69.

when an inadequate cause, 91.

Many and the One, 239.
Marriage, 176.

royal and religion, 203.

Mathematics, use of, 42.
Materialism falsely imputed, 14.

decay of, 21.

Matter, and Mind, 10.

mystery of, 242 et seq.

Maurice, P. D.,218.
Maxims, use of, 188.
Mercy, 122.



Milton, 106, 207, 210.
Mind, human, a finite Mode of an in-
finite Attribute, 52, 55.
as idea of the Body, 54.

benefited by things external,

148.

its joy in activity, 106-7.

knowledge of itself, 59.

quickened by mobility of body

61.

1 Mind-stuff,' 19, 55.

Miser, 192.

Modes of Attributes, 15 et seq. , 33.

Molecular mechanics, 21.

Money, use and abuse of, 179.

Monotheism, dangers of, 69, 131.

why prolific in saints, 248.

Moral incentives and deterrents, 45 n. ,
91 n.

Morality, evolved out of finite rela-
tions, 157 n., 234.

not weakened by Spinoza, 49,

89, 156 n.

in what sense eternal, 156 n.

Mountain mass, illustration from, 31.
Music of the spheres, 47.

Natura Naturans, 36-7.

Naturata, 36-7.

Natural selection, 132.
Nature, imperfections alleged in, 48,
129 et seq., 162.

critics of, 84, 87.

no vice in, 88.

state of, 154, 156-7.

' Object,' Spinoza's use of, 54.

implies subject, 21-2.

Origin, meaning of, 52.
Over-estimation, 117.

Pain, 135.

Parmenides, 86.

Passions, apparently active but really

passive, 184.
compulsory abstinence does not

exorcise, 124.
general nature of, 125.



INDEX



263



Passions, how controlled and cast out,
188-9, 191.

reduced by clear ideas, 192.

Passivity, 140.

Paul, St., 69, 70 n., 183, 195, 223.

on Freedom anticipates Spinoza,

184.

but not on eternal life, 231.

Peace, perfect, 219, 224.

Penitence, 160.

Perfection, 128-9, 132, 136, 138,
229.

Persistence of impressions, 62.

removed by stronger impres-
sions, 62.

Personality, 29, 30.

Pessimism and supernaturalism, 70.

Piety defined, 154.

Pineal gland, 181 n.

Pity, dangers of, 159-60.

Pollock, Sir Frederick, 26-8 n. } 30,
53, 74, 236, 238 n.

Poor, properly the care of the State,
175-6.

Praise, ethical use of, 45 n.

Pride, 119, 161.

Prophets, as practical moralists, 161.

Protozoa, 57-8.

Providence, 44.

Purpose, as modus cogitandi, 132.

Pusillanimity, 162.

Reaction, religious, 248.
Reality, 14 ; degrees of, 126, 133.
Reason, nature of, 164.

the practical, 146-7, 153.

and virtue, 150, 154.

as loyalty to the best, 153-4.

triumph of, 180.

Reasoned experience, 65.
Reformation, Protestant, 146.
Relativity of morals, 40, 45.
Religion defined, 154.

future of, 211 et seq^^

mercenary, 232.

Religious conviction, moral inlluence

of, 62.
Repentance, 118, 161.



Reproach, not useless, 45 n.
Republic of Man, 145.

Salvation, plan of, 185 et seq.

Satan, Milton's, 210.

Scepticism, 47.

Schivarmerei, 117.

Science not irreligious, 45.

mysticism of, 214, 241.

points to no finality, 215.

Self-conceit, 159.

Self-contempt, 159.

Self-depreciation, 120, 161.

akin to pride, 176.

Self-preservation, 97, 138, 141, 147-9,
173.

right of society to, 156.

Self-satisfaction, 118.

Seneca, 149.

Sentiment, dangers of, 160.

Sequence, invariable, 193.

not fatalism, 194-5, 255.

moral use of, 195.

not inconsistent with moral influ-
ence, 196.

mediates between eternity and

time, 239.

Shakespeare, 184, 187.

Shame, 120.

Sin, 45.

Social order, bond of, 81, 155.

life essential to man, 148, 169,

173, 174, 175.

Socrates, 94, 139, 230.

Sorrow. See Grief.

Soul, 52.

Sound, 16.

Species, 51.

Spencer, Herbert, 8, 9, 11, 24, 59, 61,
74.

Spinoza, his experience, 135, 143,
208-9.

how far Agnostic, 67.

influenced by Descartes, 17.

not a 'fatalist,' 194-5.

not founder of a sect, 205.

• not ' materialist,' 14, 215.

Spontaneity, 90, 181-2.



264



ETHICS OF SPINOZA



Substance, 8, 10, 12.
Succession, a necessary illusion, 217.
Suffering, use of, 136, 143.
Suicide, 147.

Tennyson, lb' »., 33, 55, 79, 182, 197,

218.
Tertullian, 214.
Thankfulness, 122.
Thing in itself, 24.
Thought, as Attribute, 17 ct seq.
Time. See Eternity.
Timidity, 123.
Tolerance, 81.

'Transcendency.' See God.
Truth, absolute and relative, 31.

but not two sorts, 189.

and bias, 203.

and falsehood, 71.

clear consciousness of, 73-4.

Types in Nature and Art, 129.

Ugliness, 47.
Unity, ultimate, 60.
Universe. See God.



Universe, perfection of, 43.

self-awareness of, 21.

under aspect of eternity, 78.

Unknowable, the, 8, 9, 11, 42, 59-60.

Vacillation, 100.
Vainglory, 163.
Vengeance, 122.
Verification, test of reality, 14.
Virtue and power, 139.

not mercenary, 81, 149, 232, 235.

Vortex theory of Matter, 243.

Weight, 16.
Wesley, 214.
Will, 73, 79-80, 97.

as affirmation, 80.

See also Freedom.

'Will to believe,' 204, 247.

Witchcraft, 66.

Worship, primitive purpose of, 41.

Xenophanes, 86.

Yearning, 121.



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Online LibraryJ. Allanson (James Allanson) PictonSpinoza; a handbook to the Ethics → online text (page 21 of 21)