Copyright
J. C. (John Claudius) Loudon.

Hortus lignosus londinensis: or, A catalogue of all the ligneous plants, indigenous and foreign, hardy and half-hardy, cultivated in the gardens and grounds in the neighbourhood of London: with all their synonymes, scientific and popular, including their French, German, and Italian names; and with t online

. (page 1 of 29)
Online LibraryJ. C. (John Claudius) LoudonHortus lignosus londinensis: or, A catalogue of all the ligneous plants, indigenous and foreign, hardy and half-hardy, cultivated in the gardens and grounds in the neighbourhood of London: with all their synonymes, scientific and popular, including their French, German, and Italian names; and with t → online text (page 1 of 29)
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OOLOGY LIBRARY



BIOL03Y LIBRARY



HORTUS LIGNOSUS LOWDINENSIS ;



OR,

A CATALOGUE

OF

ALL THE LIGNEOUS PLANTS,

INDIGENOUS AND FOREIGN, HARDY AND HALF-HARDY,

CULTIVATED IN

THE GARDENS AND GROUNDS IN THE NEIGHBOURHOOD

OF

LONDON :



WITH ALL THEIR SYNONYMES,

SCIENTIFIC AND POPULAR, INCLUDING THEIR FRENCH, GERMAN,
AND ITALIAN NAMES J

AND WITH THEIR NATIVE COUNTRY, HABIT, HABITATION IN THE

GARDEN, ETC.

TO WHICH ARE ADDED

t3)e limes* at $?arlrg wt& airtr gfyvubg

IN THE PRINCIPAL NURSERIES OF LONDON AND EDINBURGH, AND AT
BOLLWYLLER IN FRANCE, AND IN HAMBURG.



BY J. C. LOUDON, F.L.S. &c.

AUTHOR OF THE " ARBORETUM ET FRUTICETUM BRITANNICUM," ETC.



LONDON:

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR;

AND SOLD BY

LONGMAN, ORME, BROWN, GREEN, AND LONGMANS,

PATERNOSTER-ROW.

1838.



MAIN



I/O NT/ON :

Printed by A. SFOXTISWOODK,
New- Street- Square



PREFACE.



THE following sheets comprise a part of the Contents of the Arboretum et
Fruticetum Britannicum ; and the Priced Lists at the end form a part of
the Appendix to that work. It was thought that some impressions of these
sheets, done up as a thin pocket volume, might be useful to Gardeners and
Amateurs, even though they were already in possession of the Arboretum ;
the bulk of that work rendering it inconvenient for use in the garden or the
shrubbery. The Priced Catalogues, it is thought, will be extremely useful,
as showing the kinds of trees and shrubs of which seeds or plants may
actually be purchased in British seedshops and nurseries, and the retail prices
of them. See on this subject p. 133. of the present volume.

It is almost unnecessary to observe that the pages, figures, and plates,
referred to in the Hortus Lignosus, are those of the Arboretum et Fruti-
cetum Britannicum.

J. C. L.

Bayswater, July 2. 1838.



667794



This Day is published,

In Eight Volumes, 8vo, (Four of Letterpress and Four of Plates,) consisting of above
3000 Pages of Letterpress, above 400 Octavo Plates of Trees, and upwards of 2500
Woodcuts of Trees and Shrubs, besides numerous Diagrams, &c., explanatory of Culture
and Management,

Price 10?., neatly bound in doth and lettered,

ARBORETUM ET FRUTICETUM BRITANNICUM;

Or, the Trees and Shrubs of Great Britain, Native and Foreign, pictorially and botanically
delineated, and scientifically and popularly described : with their Propagation, Culture,
Management, and Uses in the Arts, in Useful and Ornamental Plantations, and in
Landscape- Gardening. Preceded by a Historical and Geographical Outline of the
Trees and Shrubs of Temperate Climates throughout the World.

By J. C. LOUDON, F.L.H.S.,&c.
Author of the " Encyclopaedia of Gardening," the " Suburban Gardener," &c.

THIS Work contains portraits from nature, to a scale of a quarter of an inch to a foot,
of all the Trees which endure the open air in Britain, of the sizes which they attain in ten
years in the neighbourhood of London ; with Botanical Figures in Flower, and in Fruit
or Seed, to a scale of two inches to a foot. It also contains Portraits of full-grown Trees,
to the scale of ^ of an inch to a foot, of at least one Species of all the principal Genera,
drawn from Nature by eminent Artists (G. R. Lewis, H. W. Jukes, &c.), from Specimens
within ten miles of London, &c. Of all the principal Shrubs in Britain, it contains
Engravings of Botanical Specimens in Flower, to a scale of two inches to a foot ; and
many of the Half-Hardy Shrubs are also illustrated by Engravings to the same scale.

The Letterpress is in Three Parts. Part I. contains the History of the Introduction of
Foreign Trees and Shrubs into Britain, with the History and Geography of the Trees and
Shrubs of temperate Climates throughout the World.

Part II. contains: 1. The Study of the Organisation, Physiology, Physiognomy, and
all that may be considered as the Botany or Natural History of Trees ; and 2. The Study
of what relates to their Propagation, Culture, Uses in the Arts, Medicine, Landscape-
Gardening, > Forest- Planting, Agriculture, &c., or what may be called the Economical
History of Trees.

Part III. contains the Application of the Theory laid down in Part II., in the De-
scription, Natural History, and Economical History of the Trees which endure the open
air in Britain, taken individually; and in this Part all the Species and Varieties are
described which are enumerated in the Hortus Lignosus, and most of them are figured.

" By far the most complete work on the interesting subject of Arboriculture that has hitherto appeared in

this, or, as far as we know, in any other language Indispensable to every Land Proprietor, Land

Steward, and Forester, who may wish to lay claim to the appellation of Planter. ... He will find much that
is original, combined with all that has been written worthy of perusal, up to the present time, on the subject
of arboriculture. ' ' ( Quarterly Journal of Agriculture. )



London : Printed for the Author ; and sold by Longman, Orme, Brown, Green, and

Longmans.



HORT US LIGNOSUS LONDIN felMlS

OR,

A CATALOGUE

OF THE

HARDY AND HALF-HARDY TREES AND SHRUBS

CULTIVATED IN THE GARDENS AND NURSERIES IN THE ENVIRONS

OF LONDON.



The Synonymes are printed in Italics. The letters pi. refer to the portraits of entire trees in the Arboretum
Britannicum; and the letters fig. and/, to the botanical figures incorporated in the text of that work.



Page

RanunculdcecB Dec. -*.-* 231

Sect. I. CLEMATI'DEJE. A JL 232
I. C'LE'MATIS L. A fl_ - - 232

THE CLEMATIS, or Virgin's Sower.
Ladies' Sower, Gerard.
Cttmatite, Fr.
Waldrebe, Ger.
Clematide, Ital.

i. Flammula Dec. 1 _J - 233

1. Flammula L. A France fig. 9. 233

The inflammatory-jwz'ccd Clematis.
C. for ens Gerard.
C. maritima All. Fed.
C. suaveolens Sal. Prod.
The sweet-scented Virgin's Bower.
Clematite odor ante, Fr.
Scharje Waldrebe, Ger.

Varieties - 233

2 rptundifolia Dec. A

C.fr&grans Zea.

3 maritima Dec. _&

4 rubella Dec. A

5 csespitosa Dec. A

C. ccespitbsa Scop.
C. Flammula Bertol.

2. orientalis L. A Levant fig. 10. 234

The Oriental Clematis.

Flammula scandens Dill. Elt.
Clematis fldva Mcench Meth.

3. glaucaWWd. A Siberia fig. 11. 235

The glaucous-leaved Clematis.

4. chinensis Retz. A China - 235

The Chinese Clematis.

5. paniculata Thunb. A Japan - 235

The panicled Clematis.

6. Vitalba L. A England fig. 12. 235

The White Vine Clematis.

Athrdgene Theoph.

Vltis sylvestris Diosc.

Clematis latifblta, seu Atrdgene, Ray.

C. Alter a Matth.

C. tertia Comm.

Vidrna Ger. and Lob.

\\tis nlgra Fuchs.

Vitalba TDod.

Traveller's Joy, Old Mans Beard, Bind-
with, Common Virgin's Bower, Wild
Climber, Great Wild Climber.



Page



Clematite brulante, Clematite des Hayes,
L'Herbe aux Gueux, La Viorne des



Pauvres, Fr.
Gemeine Waldrebe, Ger.

Variety
2 integrata JL



236



7. virginiana L. 1 N. America f. 13. 237

The Virginian Clematis.

C. canaddnsis Tourn.
C. cordifblia Moanch.

Variety - - 237

2 bracteata Dec. A

C. bractedta Moench.

8. triternata Dec. A E. Indies - 238

The triternate-leaved Clematis.
Atragene triternata Desf.

9. Viorna L. A N. America fig. 14. 238

The Road-ornamenting Clematis.
C. purpurea repens Ray.
Flammula scandens Dill.
Leathery-flowered Clematis.
Glocken-bluthige Waldrebe, Ger.

Variety - - 238

2 Simsit A

10. cylindrica Sims.A N.Am. fig. 15. 239
The cylindrical -./ZoweraZ Clematis.

C. crispa Lam.
C. Viorna Andr.
C. divaricdta Jacq.
Long-flowered Virgin's Bower.

11. Simsw Swt. 1 N. America f. 16. 240

Sims's Clematis.

C. cor data Sims.

12. reticulata Walt. A N. Am. f. 17. 240

The net-veineA-leaved Clematis.
C. rbsea Abbott,

ii. Viticella Dec. 1 - 240

13. florida Thunb. A Japan fig. 18. 240
The florid Clematis.

Atrdgene indica Desf.

A. florida Pers.

Cl&matite d grandes Fleurs, Fr.

Grosbllithige Waldrebe, Ger.



Variety
flore pleno A
a



241



BANUNCULA\1EJE.



14. Viticella L. 1 Spain - fig. 19. 241

The Vine-bower Clematis.

Viticella deltbidea Mcench.

The red-flowered Lady's Bower, Gerard.

Italianische Waldrebe, Ger.

Varieties - - 241

1 caerulea _&

2 purpurea _i

3 multiplex G. Don. _&

C. pulchella Pers.

4 tenuifolia Dec. 1

5 baccata Dec. A

15. campaniflora Brot. 1 Sp. f. 20. 242

The Bell-flowered Clematis.
C. viornbldes Schrad.
C.parvifttira Dec.

16. crispa L. N.America f. 21. 243

The curled-sepaled Clematis.
C.fldre crispo Dill. Elth.

iii. Cheiropsis Dec. fl_ - 243

17. cirrhosai. 6- - fig. 22. 243

The tendriled Clematis.

Atrdgene cirrhosa Pers.
Traveller's Joy of Candia, Spanish Travel-
ler's Joy, Johnson's Gerard.
Spanish Wild Cucumber, Parkinson.
Evergreen Clematis.
Einfachblattrige Waldrebe, Ger.

Variety - - 243

2 pedicellata Dec. fi_
C. baledrica Pers.
C. pedicellata Swt.
C. cirrhbsa Sims.

18. balearica Pick. _ Minorca - 244

The Minorca Clematis.
C. calyclna Ait.
CUmatite de Mahon, Fr.

iv. Anemoniflbra. A

19. montanaHam._& Nepal f. 23, 24. 245

The Mountain Clematis.

C. Anemoniflbra D. Don.

App. i. Doubtful Species of Clematis. 246
C. terniflbra Dec., biternata Dec., dahurica Dec.,
diversifblia >PC., japonica Dec., semitriloba Dec.,
campanifl6ra Dec.

App. ii. Anticipated Introductions. 246
C. nepalensis, pallescens, witifblia, Buchanamana,
intricata, holosericea, Walter*, Catesby<Ja.

II. ^TRA'GENE L. 1 - 246

THE ATRAGENE.

Clematis Lam. and Dec.
Atragene, Fr. and Ger.

1. alpinai. 1 Austria fig. 25. 247
The Alpine Atragene.

Clematis ceeritlea Bauh.
Atrdgene austrlaca Scop.
A. clematldes Crantz.
Clematis alplna, Mill. Diet.

2. sibirica L. 1 Siberia fig. 26. 247

The Siberian Atragene.

A. alptna Gmel. Sib.
Clematis sibirica Mill. Diet.

Variety - 248



3. ochotensis Pall J, Siberia - 248

The Ochotskoi Atragene.
A. violacea Pall.
Clematis ochotensis Poir.

4. americana Sims. 1 N. Am. fig. 27. 248



The American Atragene.

Clematis verticilldris Dec.

Variety
2 obliqua Dougl. _l



248



5. occidentalis Horn. A N. America 249

The Western Atragene.

Clematis occidenMis Dec.

Sect. II. PJEOVIA'CEJE Dec. * j* 249

I. PJEO^IA L.& - - 249

THE PEONY.

Piony.
Pivoine, Fr.

Gichtterrose, P'donie, Ger.
^oso del Monte, Span.
Peonia, Ital.

I. Moutan Sims, afe China - 250
The Moutan Peony.

Varieties 250

1 /japaveracea ^4nrf. ai f. 28.

2 variegata Z). Don. SI

3 Banksiz Andrews. & fig. 29.

4 Humez Ker. St

5 rosea Dec. 3k

6 rosea semiplena 3

7 rosea plena ^

8 Rawesn Hort. Trans. *

9 carnea plena Hort. Trans.*

10 albida plena Hort. Trans. *

1 1 Anneslez Hort. Trans. *
12lacera Lindl. &
Expected Varieties.

II. XANTHORIZA L. * - 255

THE YELLOW ROOT.

Zanlhorize, Fr.
Gelbwurz, Ger.

1. apiifolia L'Herit. * N. Am. f. 31. 255

The Parsley-leaved Yellow Root.



Winteracese R. Br. * - 256
I. ILLI'CIUMi.* - - 256

THE ILLICIUM, or Aniseed Tree.

Badiane, Anis etoile, Fr.
Sternanis, Ger.

1. floridanum Ellis. * N. Am. fig. 32. 256
The Florida Illicium.

Red-flowered Aniseed Tree, Mor. Hist.
Un'dchter Sternanis, Ger.

2. flnisatum L. * China 257

The Anise Illicium.

Chinese Aniseed Tree.

Badiane de la Chine, Anis etoile, Fr.

Aechter Sternanis, Ger.

3. parvifloriim Michx. * N. Amer. 258

The small -flowered Illicium.
/. unfsatum Bartram.



Magnoli&ceaz Dec*



Page

1& 259
260



THE MAGNOLIA.

Magnolie, Fr.
Bilberbaum, Ger.



i. Magnoliastrum. - 261

1. grandiflora . 1 Carolina pi. 1. 261

The large-flowered Magnolia.

Laurel-leaved Magnolia, Laurel Say, Big

Laurel, Large Magnolia.
Laurier Tulipier, Fr.

Varieties - - 261

2 obovata Ait. f

3 rotundifolia Swt. t

4 exoniensis .Hbrf. f pi. 2.

5 ferruginea Sims. I

6 lanceol&ta .drt. i

7 elllptica ^i<. i

8 angustifolia Hort. f.

9 prae^cox Hort. 1
Other Varieties.

2. glauca L. % N. America - pi. 3. 266

The glaucous-leaved Magnolia.
M.fragrans Salisb.
Swamp Sassafras, Beaver-wood, WhiteBay,

Small Magnolia, Swamp Magnolia.
Arbre de Castor, Fr.



Varieties
2 Thompsomana Thomp.



- 267



3f. glauca major Bot. Mag.
3 longifolia Hort.
Other Varieties.

3. tripetala L. $ N. America pi. 4. 269

The three-petaled Magnolia.
M. umbrella Lam.
M.fronddsa Salisb.
2%e Umbrella Tree, Umbrella Magnolia,

Elkwood.
Magnolie Parasol, Arbre Parasol, Fr.

4. macrophylla Michx. *t Carolina

pi. 5. 271

The large-leaved Magnolia.

LarKe-leaved Umbrella Tree, Amer.
M. MichaHxn Hort.
Magnolier Bannanier, Fr.

5. acuminata L. t North America

pi. 6, 7. 273

The pointed-leaved Magnolia.

M. n'tstica and M. pennsylvdnica of some.
The blue Magnolia, Eng.



The Cucumber Tree, U. S.
Varieties -

2 CandolK Savi.

3 maxima Lodd. $



- 273



6. cordata Michx. *t North America

pi. 8. 275

The heart-feaw^ Magnolia.

The heart-leaved Cucumber Tree, Amer.

7. auriculata Lam. * Carolina pi. 9. 276

The auricled-leaved Magnolia.
M. Frasen Walt.
M. auriculdris Salisb.
Indian Physic, Long-leaved Cucumber
Tree, Amer.



Page

8. pyramidata Bartr. % Carol, pi. 10. 277

The pyramidal-Aeacfed Magnolia.

ii. Gwillimia. Rott. - 278

9. conspicua Salisb. China

pi. 11. fig. 34, 35. 278
The Yulan, or conspicuous-lowered, Magnolia.
M. precia Correa.
M. Ynlan Desf.

Yu Ian, Chinese.
Lily-flowered Magnolia.
Magnolier Yulans, Fr.
Yulans Bieberbaum, Ger.

Varieties - - 272

2 Soulangeana

M. Soulangean.* Ann. Hort. Soc.
Par. *

3 Alexandrina Hort. If

4 speciosa Hort. *t

5 citriodora Hort. *
Other Varieties.



China
fig. 36. 282



10. purpurea Sot. Mag. &

The purple-flowered Magnolia.
M. obovata Thunb.
M. discolor Vent.
M . denuddta Lam.



11. gracilis & China - - 283

The slender-#row;mg Magnolia.
M. Kbbus Kcempf.
M. glauca Thunb.
M. lomentbsa Thunb. in Lin. Soc.
Sidi Kobusi, Jap.

App. i. Half-hardy Magnolias. - 284
M. fuscata Andr., owoTuefblia Sal., pumila Andr.

App. ii. Additional Magnolias. - 284

II. LIRIODENDRON L. % - 284

THE TULIP TREE.
Tulipier, Fr.
Bieberbaum, Ger.

1. Tulipifera L. % N. Am. pi. 12, 13. 284

The Tulip-bearing Liriodendron, or Tulip Tree.
The Poplar, White Wood, Canoe Wood,

the Tulip Tree, Amer.
Virginian Poplar, Tulip-bearing Lily Tree.

Saddle Tree, Eng.
Tulipier de Virginie, Fr.
Virginischer Tulipeerbaum, Ger.

Varieties - - 285

2 obtusiloba Michx. %

L. T. integrifolia Hort.
Yellow Wood, Yellow Poplar.

3 acutifolia Michx. %

4 flava Hort. Z

App. I. Expected Additions to the Order
Magnoliacess. - - 291
Manglietia (Magn61m) insignis ; MichSha lanuei-
nbsa, excelsa, Kisdpa, Doltsdpa.



Ditteniacese Dec. $_*. - 292

1. HibbSrtifl voliibilis * Cape of Good Hope . fig. 38. 292
S. H. dentita $ Newllolland - . . fi.. 37. 29 S
3. H. grossulantefolia JL, New Holland . . 307

a 2



4 ANONA^CEAS. SCHIZANDRA V CEJ3. MENISPERMA X CE^E. BERBERA^CEJE.



Page

Anonaceae Rich. 292

I. ASI'MINA Adans. ^ - 292

THE ASIMINA.
Annbna L.
Orchidocdrpum MX.
Porcelia Pers.
Custard Apple.
Asiminier, Fr.
Flaschenbaum, Ger.

1. parviflora Dun. a N. America - 293

The small-flowered Asimina.
Porc&lia. parviftdra Pers.
Orchidocdrpum parviflbrum MX.

2. triloba Z)MW. & N. America f. 39. 293

The three-lobeti-calyxed Asimina.
Annbna triloba L.
Porcllia. triloba Pers.
Orchidocdrpum arietlnum MX.
The Papaw, Amer.
Asiminier de Virginte, Fr.

3. pygmae v a Dun. & N. America f. 40. 294

The pygmy Asimina.

Ann6na pygmce^a, Bartr.
Orchidocdrpum pygrruE^um MX.
Porctlia. pygmcfaPeK.

4. grandiflora Dun. m N. America 295

The large-flowered Asimina.

A. obovata Willd.
Orchidocdrpum grandiflorum MX.
Por celis. grandiflora Pers.



Schizandrdcece. & - 295

I. SCHIZA'NDRA Michx. _*_J - 295

THE SCHIZANDKA.

1. coccinea Michx. -3-J ,N. Amer. f. 41. 295

The scarlet-JZowered Schizandra.

App. I. Anticipated Additions to Schizdn-
drece. - - 295

Sphserostema grandiflorum, Kadsiira japdnica - - 29



Menispermdcecs Dec. J! $. 296

I. MENISPE'RMUM L. f. J - 296

THE MOONSEED.

Mfriisperme, Fr.
Mondsaame, Ger.

1. canadense L. -2 N. Amer. f. 42. 296

The Canadian Moonseed.

M. canadense var. a, Lam.
M. angulatum Mcench.

Variety - 296

2 lobatum Dec. _$
M. virginicum L.



2. dauricum Dee. _$ Daiiria

The Daurian Moonseed.



f. 43. 297



Trflophus Ampelitheria Fisch.
M. canadtfnse var. /9La



(Lam.

3. smilacinum Dec. $_

The SmUax-like Moonseed.

Cit&impelos smildtina L



- fig. 44. 297



II. CO'CCULUS Sank. J - 297

THE COCCULUS.

Menispermum L.
Wendldnd\& Willd.
Androphilax Wendl.
M&nisperme, Fr.
Mondsaame, Ger.

1. carolinusi)ec.^ -J N. Am. f.45. 298

The Carolina Cocculus.

Menispermum caroDnum L.
Wendldndia populifolia Willd.
Andropkflax scdndens Wendl .
Baumgdrtia, scdndens Mcench.

App. I. Anticipated Menispermdcece. 298



Berberacese Lindl



T. BE'RBERIS L.

THE HERBERTS.

Piperidge Bush.
E'pine vinette, Fr.
Berberitze, Ger.



1.



sibfrica Pa//. 31 Siberia

The Siberian Berberry.
B.



298



f. 46. 301



301



2. vulgaris L. & England

The common Berberry.

Varieties 301

2 lutea &

3 alba A

4 wiolacea ^

5 purpurea $k

6 nigra ^

7 dulcis St

8 asperrna &

Other Varieties : B. daurica and
altaiea.

3. canadensis Mill. N. Am. f. 48. 303

The Canadian Berberry.
B. vulgaris Michx.
B. v. canadensis Mart. Mill.

4. emarginata Willd. a Siberia f. 49. 303

The emarginate-^etafed Berberry.
Ausgerandete Berberitze, Ger.

5. iberica Stev. a Iberia - f. 50. 304

The Iberian Berberry.

B. vulgaris? v. iberica Dec. Syst.
B. sinensis Wai.

6. sin en sis Desf. fife China - 304
The Chinese Berberry.

B. vulgaris Thunb.

7. cretica L. m Candia - 304

The Cretan Berberry.

B. cretica buxifolia Tourn.

Variety - 305

2 serratifolia Pair.

8. cratae'gina Dec. & Asia Minor 305

The Crataegus-like Berberry.

9. dulcis Swt. * S. America f. 51. 305

The sweet-fruited Berberry.



CAPPARIDA V CE#:.



Page

10. heterophylla Jus*. & S. Am. f.52. 305

The various-leaved Berberry.
B. ilictfblia Forst.
B. cuspiddta Smith.

11. empetrifolia Lam. & Chili - 306

The Empetrum-leaved Berberry.

12. floribunda Wall. Nepal - 306

The many-flowered Berberry.
B. affirms.
B. ceratophylla.

13. asiatica Rox. & Nepal - 306

The Asiatic Berberry.
B. tinctbria Lech.
The Raisin Berberry.

14. dealbata Lindl. * Mexico f. 35. 307

The whitened-leaved Berberry.
B. glduca Hort.

15. aristata Dec. & Nepal fig. 54. 307

The bristle-toothed-leaved Berberry.
B. Chitria Bxch.
B. anguslifblia Roxb.
B. sin^nsts Delf.

App. i. Additional Species of Berberis. 308

B. Wallichzana Dec., syn. atro-viridis, B. kunawurensis, B. ac-
tinacantha, B. iuxiftlia (f. 55.), B. ilicifolia.

II. MAHO V N7^ Nutt. * . - 308

THE MAHONIA.

Ashberry.

Berberis of Authors.

Odostemon Raf.

1. fascicularis Dec. * N. Am. f.56. 309

The crowded-racemed Mahonia.
Berberis pinnata Lag.
*B.fasciculdris Pen. Cyc.

2. ^quifolium Nutt. m N. Am. f. 57. 309

The Holly-leaved Mahonia.
B. Aquifblium Pursh.

Variety - 309

2 nutkana Dec.

3. nervosa Nutt. a N. Amer. f. 58. 310

The nerved-leaved Mahonia.
Berberis nervosa Pursh.
MahdniA glumacca Dec.
Berberis glumacea Pen. Cyc.

4. repens G.Don. . N. Amer. f.59. 311

The creeping-rooted Mahonia.

Berberis Aquifdlium Lindl.
B. repens Pen. Cyc.

App. i. Additional Species of Mahonia. 311

M. nepalensis, acanthifolia, tfragacanthoides, and
caragan&fblia.



Crucidcece.



312
312



I. FE'LLA L. .

THE VELLA.

1. Pseudo-Cytisus L. _ Spain f. 60. 312
The False-Cytisus Cress-Rocket.
V. integrtfblia Sal.
Faux-Cytise.
Strauchartige Velle, Ger.

App. I. Other Cruciacece. - 313
Cheiranthus Chelri, C. C. fruticulbsus ; Vesicaria
utriculata; ^lyssum argenteum, saxatile (f. 61.)
gemonense ; /beris sempervirens (f. 62.), sax-
atilis, corifblia; iepidium subulatum, suffruti-
cbsum ; Sisymbrium Mllef61ium.



Page

CappariddcecB Lindl. jc - 313
I. CAPPARIS L. -*

THE CAPER BUSH.

Caprier, Tapemer, Fr.
Capernstrauch, Ger.
Caprtolo, Cappero, Ital.

1. spinosa .L. -* -J Levant - fig. 63. 314

The spined, or common, Caper Bush.

2. Fontanesn Dec. * | Barbary - 316

Desfontaine's Caper Bush.
C. ovfita Desf.
Caprier oval, Pr.

C. aegjpta Lam., nepa!6nsis Dec., nummularia Dec., quini-
fl6ra Dec., umbellata R. Br., can6scens Banks, heteracan-
tha Dec., leucophylla Dec., Volkamerice Dec., cittifolia Lam.,
cluytioeftilia Burch., oleoides Burch., coriacea Burch., albi-
trunca Burch., punctata BurcA., racemosa Dec., saligna
Vahl.



CistacecB Lindl. - 316

**_J tt.._J JU !U_J

I. C"ISTUS . * * *._j <u - 317

THE ROCK ROSE.

Holly Rose, Gerard.
Gum Cistus.
Ciste, Fr.
Cisten Rose, Ger.

i. Erythrocistus Dec. - - 318

1. purpureus Lam. _ Levant, f. 64. 318

The purple-flowered Cistus.
C. crtiicus Hort. Kew.

2. heterophyllus Desf. . Alg. f. 65. 318

The various -leaved Cistus.



The various -leaved Cistus
The Cistus of Algiers.



319



319
319



319



3. parviflorus Lam. . Crete

The small-flowered Cistus.

4. complicatus Lam. &. Spain

The complicated Cistus.

5. villosus Lam. . S. Europe

The villous Cistus.

C. salvtfblius Hort.

C. undulatus Moench.

C. mas major, $c., Duh.

C. crtiicus Hort.

The shrubby Cistus, Mart. Mill.

Variety
2 rotundifolius M_

C. rotundifolius Swt.

C. villosus {3 virtecens Dec.

6. creticus L. . Levant fig. 66. 319

The Cretan Cistus.
IL&don Diosc.

7. incanus L. _ S. Europe fig. 67. 320

The hoary Cistus.

C. dlbidus Hort.
C. cymdsus Dec.
Ciste cotonneux, Fr.
Bestaubte Cisten Rose, Ger.

Variety *. 321

2 canescens L

C. canescens Swt.

C. wza's Clus.

C. tncdnus var. j3 Dec.

8. undulatus Dec. *_ - - 321

The waved-leaved Cistus.

C. crtiicus Swt., afterwards C. unduldtus

Swt.
? C. crlspus var. Don.



CISTA V CEJK: CI'STUS, HELIA'NTHEMUM.



Page

9. crispus L. _ France - 321

The curled-leaved Cistus.

10. albidus L. _ France - 321

The vrhite-leaved Cistus.

11. candidissimus Dun. . Canaries 322

The whitest-feared Cistus.

12. vaginatus Ait. . Teneriffe - 322

The sheathed-petfpfed Cistus.
C. symphytifblius Lam.
Ciste a Feuilles de Consoude, Fr.
Scheidenartige Cisten Rose, Ger.

13. sericeus Vahl. tt Spain - 322

The silky -leaved Cistus.

14. hybridus Vahl. . Spain - 322

The hybrid Cistus.

15. cymosus Dun. . Spain - 322

The cymose-flowered Cistus.
C. incanus Sib.

ii. ~Ledbnia. * -_ J *- 323
16. r salvUefolius .. S.Europe 323

The Sage-leaved Cistus.
C.fce'mina Clus.
Ciste a Feuilles de Sauge, Fr.
Salbey-blattrige Cisten Rose, Ger.

Varieties . - 323

2 erectiusculus Dec. ,

3 ochroleucus Dec. _

17. obtusifolius Swt. . Spain - 323

The obtuse-leaved Cistus.

18. Cupaniam^ Presl. . Sicily - 324
Cupani's Cistus.

Variety _ - - 324

2 acutifolius _



The acute-leaved Cupani's Cistus.
C. acutifblius Swt.
C. salvicefblius /3 humiJUsus Dec.

19. corbariensis Pourr. . Spain 324

The CorbiSres Cistus.

C. salvtfefblius /3 Dec.

C. ponulifdlius minor, in some nurseries.

C. hybridus Pourr., not of Vahl.

20. florentinus Lam. . Spain - 324

The Florentine Cistus.

21. monspeliensis L. * S. Europe 324

The Montpelier Cistus.

22. platysepalus Swt. * Crete - 325

The broad-sepaled Cistus.

23. .Ledon Lam. it. France - 325

The Ledon Cistus.

C.undulMusLink.?
C. ladantferut monipelMuium Bauh.
Ciste de Montpelier jut donne du ladanutn, Citte de
Ledon, Fr. ^

24. hirsutus Lam. Spain - 325

The hairy Cistus.

25. Sideritis Presl. <u Sicily - 325

The Ironwort-fc Cistus.

26. laxus Ait. . Spain - - 325

The loa&e-Jlorvering Cistus.
C. captnsis L.
Schlaffe Citten Rose, Ger.

27. oblongifolius Swt. m Spain - 326

The oblong-leaved Cistus.



Page

28. asperifolius Swt. . - 326

The rough-leaved Cistus.

29. psilose'palus Swt. n_ 326

The glabrous-sepaled Cistus.

30. longifolius Lam. L S. Europe 326

The long-leaved Cistus.

C. nfgricans Pourr.

C. populifolius var. longifblius Dumont.

31. populifolius L. it Spain - 326

The Poplar-leaved Cistus.

Variety _ 326

2 minor Dec. **

L,edon lattfblium, ii., Clus.
C. populijblius Cav.

32. latifolius Swt. . _J Barbary - 327

The broad-leaved Cistus.

C. populifblius var. major Dec.

33. /aurifolius Lin. * Spain - 327
The Laurel-leaved Cistus.

34. cyprius Lam. * Greece - 327

The Gum Cistus.

C. ladaniferus Bot. Mag.
C. stenophyttus Link.
C. saliafdlius of some.

35. ladaniferus L. * Spain - 328

The Ladanum-bearing Gum Cistus.

Varieties * 328

1 albiflorus Dec. it

2 maculatus Dec.

3 plenifolius Dec. it

36. Clusw Dunal. . Spain - 328



Online LibraryJ. C. (John Claudius) LoudonHortus lignosus londinensis: or, A catalogue of all the ligneous plants, indigenous and foreign, hardy and half-hardy, cultivated in the gardens and grounds in the neighbourhood of London: with all their synonymes, scientific and popular, including their French, German, and Italian names; and with t → online text (page 1 of 29)